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The rate bill, pure food inspection
measure and the selection of a type
for the Panama canal are among the
legislative products of the session of
congress just ended that have the
largest share of interest from a prac
tical standpoint, but from a sensation
al and historic viewpoint, the house,
senate and president, at the instance
of Representative Arthur L. Bates, en
acted no more interesting law than
that appropriating $20,000 to raise the
famous old flagship Niagara from
Lake Erie, and preserve it as a perma
nent relic on the grounds of the sol
diers' and sailors' home at Erie, Pa.,
as a memorial of the first victory of
an American fleet over a foreign foe.
The bill provides for the salvage
work, under the direction of the secre
tary of the navy, and for the erection
of a suitable building of brick or
stone for the housing of the vessel af
ter it is transported to land.
.The site contemplated by the board
of trustees of the soldiers' and sailors'
home of Erie who are made the cus
todians of the vessel, for the proposed
building, is on a bluff overlooking
Lake Erie, making a most appropriate
setting for carrying out the patriotic
intentions of the advocates of the res
toration plan. Thereafter the naval
relic is to be kept on exhibition free
to the public at all times.
The size of the building may be
judged from the fact that the Niagara,
which was built after the same model
as the Lawrence, was 100 feet straight
rabbet, 30 feet beam, 9 feet hold, and
was pierced for 20 guns.
Every American knows of the heroic
deeds of Perry at the battle of Lake
Erie in the war of 1812. It is one of
the brightest pages in a naval history
lustrous in deeds of valor.
Every schoolboy is, aware how on
that September morning, 1813, the gal
lant Perry defeated the British, but
only after he had had one battleship
virtually shot from under him, so
that he had to transport his flag to
He began that battle on the Law
rence, and nded-it iiL xictory-jon the
Contrary to an impression that has
gained currency the Niagara did not
sink during the battle. It was not un
til years later when the memory of the
great victory was fading into forget
fulness that the Niagara found a rest
ing place at the bottom of the lake.
The battle of Lake Erie has always
been regarded by Americans as their
crowning victory on water in the sec
ond struggle with Great Britain. It
made the fame of Commodore Oliver
Hazard Perry, born in Rhode Island,
and one of the greatest of our early
Perry not only fought both the Law
rence and the Niagara with consum
mate skill, but he also built them, an
achievement not possible to the naval
leaders of to-day.
Early in the war he was assigned to
go to Lake Erie, and build two brigs
of war of 500 tons each and twenty
guns. So imperative was the haste
that timber cut in the forest was put
into the ships on the same day.
His force was much depleted and
discouraged by illness when the Brit
ish fleet under the command of the
brave Capt. Robert Herlot Barclay ap
peared in force.
Barclay was a veteran of fine abil
ity, who had been with Nelson at
Gold by Distillation.
A gold distillery is carried on by M.
Henri Moissan in an electric furnace,
its boiling point being higher than
that of copper and lower than that of
lime. In a cold tube the vapor con
denses partly in the form of moss
gold, partly as microscopic crystals.
The general properties are those of
finely divided gold. In alloys with
copper and tin the gold distills over
last. On distilling an alloy of tin and
gold a purple of cassius is obtained in
^T HE APPEAL KEEPS IN FB0HT
1It aims to publish all the news possible.
2It does so impartially, wasting no words*
3Its correspondents are able and energetic*
VOL. 22. NO. 32.
FLAGSHIP NIAGARA TO BE
RAISED FROM LAKE ERIE.
Ship Which the Heroic Perry Defeated the British
to Be Raised as a Relic of the
Battle of Lake Erie.
Trafalgar, and had sustained a serious
His fleet consisted of the Detroit, a
new and strongly-built ship of seven
teen guns, all long except two, the
Queen Charlotte, the schooner Lady
Prevost, the brig Hunter, the sloop
Little Belt and the schooner Chippe
Commodore Perry had at his dis
posal the Lawrence, his flagship the
Niagara, Caledonia, Ariel, Trippe,
Tigress, Somers, Scorpion, Ohio and
In numbers the American fleet was
the stronger, but the British ships
were better fighting crafts. Only two
of the Americans, the Niagara and
the Lawrence, were of the first class.
Furthermore, the enemy enjoyed
an advantage of having the long guns,
while for the greater part, the Amer-
Growing Taste for Horseflesh.
The taste for horseflesh is growing
in Paris. In 1904 22,000 horses, asses
and mules were slaughtered there-for
food, and last year the number was
42,000. A little over a year agoea
"hippophagic" slaughtert house was
opened by the municipal council in
the Rue des Morillons, and now the
horse butchersasare petitioning the au
thoritiet( to allow them to extend the
space availableat their own expense.
ican ships were equipped with carron
ades which could only carry for a
Before going into the battle, Perry
raised on his flagship a standard on
which were the words of the heroic
Lawrence, for whom the ship was
named, spoken in his moments of
"Don't give up the ship."
As the two fleets came together,
Commodore Perry arranged a line of
battle which, if adhered to, would
have divided the brunt of the conflict
between the Niagara and the Law
rence, leaving the flagship to engage
the Detroit, and the Niagara to take
care of the Queen Charlotte.
But the Lawrence was a much fast
er sailer than her 'sister ship, and was
not to be held back. It had also been
suggested that Capt. Elliott of the Ni
agara was not as anxious to get in
action as might have been wished.
At any rate, the Lawrence engaged
the enemy first, and was soon submit
ted to the galling fire from the whole
The long guns of the British gave
them a great advantage, and though
COMMODORE PERRY MAKING HIS TRIP FROM FLAGSHIP LAWRENCE TO THE NIAGARA IN BATTLE.
he was being raked, and men were
falling by tens and twenties on all
sides of him, Perry had to run right
into the hail of death in order to bring
his smaller guns into commission.
Half an hour's exposure caused
great carnage and destruction, but the
men believed in their commander, and
Obedient, but Indignant. ~^X-
V "Nora," said the literary woman,
"I wish you would go down to the
library and bring me 'Flavius Jose-
The new girl left the room to exe
cute the commission.
Presently a terrific noise was heard
on the stairway, and Norah pushed
the door open with ber foot a moment
later, dragging in by the-collar a large
and reluctant Newfoundland.
j|gj"Here he is, Mrs. Dinnie," she said,
ST. PAUL AND MINNEAPOLIS. MINN., SATURDAY. AUGUST 11,1906.
*sa i toe reptile of as much value in de-
stuck to their tasks with unabated
courage. The entire crew manning a
gun would be wiped out by a shot from
the enemy, and in ah instant a new
complement would step forward to
take their places.
Finally the Lawrence got within
range, and her gunners did some of
the marksmanship for which Uncle
Sam's naval service is famous.
Helped only by this, little ships, the
Scorpion and Ariel,! the Lawrence
stuck bravely to her post, the com
mander soon had tpe joy of seeing
that his shots were doing deadly work
to the enemy.
For two hours this unequal fight
continued, and then it developed that
the Lawrence could not stand the
hammering any longer. Her rigging
was shot away, and,she could not be
maneuvered, water was pouring in
from a dozen holes, and in all the crew
Perry, his brother ajad eighteen men
were all who remained unwounded.
The Niagara had ajot been in the
fight, and was uninjured. 'She now was
to take up second chapter of fight.
Perry ordered up his boat, took the
flag, with its motto, "Don't give up fine
ship," and pulled out for the Niagara.
The enemy, penetrating the design,
and having knowledge of the prowess
of the commander, stopped their
cheering over the plight of the Law
rence, and set all their sharpshooters
trying to sink the little craft or at
least kill Perry.
The water was torn up by the grape
and shells which fell on all sides, oars
were splintered, and the boat was sev
eral times hit, but Perry made the
trip in safety, and clambered up the
side of the Niagara, unharmed.
At this moment the sorely pressed
Lawrence was forced to yield, but the
triumph of the British was short, for
Perry ran the fresh and unharmed
Niagara right into the midst of the
enemy, and poured into the Detroit,
Hunter and Queen Charlotte such a
disastrous fire that in a short time
they were forced to surrender.
The British commander was terribly
injured, and nearly all his ships were
complete wrecks. Sb impressed was
Perry by the valor of the enemy that
when the time for surrender came, and
the enemy's officers came to his flag-
ship, the Niagara, he declined to take
.their side arms.
His triumph complete, Perry sent
to Gen. Harrison this modest message,
which remains a classic:
"We have met the enemy ^and they
are ours. Two ships, two brigs, one
schooner and ohe sloop."
*ite. It's a man's job. The baste
thried to bite me and I had to fight
*lm iv*ry fut o* the way."
Blacksnake as Farm Pet. Hjsfl
Harry Hickman of East Bradford,
Chester county, Pa., has a five-foot
blacksnake on Ms farm which has be
come such a pet that ixe can pick it
up at any time. $&$*%
But he oughtn't to hav% sint me fr stroyrag rats and mice as% ca four experts* before he j*?ould huy."
I Ifi %&' MS
A Freak Potato.
itatue of Agasslac wait treated.
He frequently fondles it when he,
meets it in the fields, and considers" fellow didn't know a thing about
thrown from its pedestal on the front
of the Zoology building and plunged
head downward through the cement
walk, where it stood upright and
pointed toward Memorial arch at the
entrance to the quadrangle and Me
morial court. Despite his undignified
descent the eminent scientist sus
tained only a slight abraision of one
ear and the loss of a fragment from
a lapel ot his coat. After his rescue
be was returned to his former position
and securely anchored, so that no
fears are entertained of a further
lapse of stability.
HE BLAMED THE FROG.
Secretary Wilson Tells a ,Story About
a Weather Prophet.
James Wilson, the secretary of ag
riculture, was discussing a rather anti
quated kind of farming.
"It is about as profitable and log-
ical," he Said, "as the weather reading
of a Connecticut farm hand I used to
know. This farm hand claimed that
he could read the weather infallibly.
On a walk with me one afternoon a
frog croaked and he said:
"'We will have clear weather for
twenty-four. hours. When a frog
croaks in the afternoon you may be
sure of twenty-four hours of sunshine.'
We walked on, and in twenty minutes
or so a heavy shower came up, and we
were both dren'ched to the skin.
'You are a fine weather prophet,'
said f, as we hurried homeward
through the downpour. *You ought to
be ashamed of yourself.*
'Oh, well,' said the farm hand, 'tfie
frog lied. It's to blame, not me. Am
I responsible for the morals of that
Knowing About Horses.
"Did you sell horses to those two
customers* yesterday?" we asked of
our friend, the horse dealer.
"Yes." #3f &%&&
"Off of Jonesyes.'
"Jones? Why, Jones was the one
that said he knew all about horses."
"I know. He was easy. The other
them and brought around three or
\t looks lik* a duck in the picture
Nature probably intended it to be a
duck, but the plants got mixed, and so
instead of growing up a duck, to swiinj
and make noises and1
finally jreach a
New York restaurant as a canvasback,
it became a potato-.
The instinct, however, of the newly
born vegetable protopliasm, or what
ever you call it, was so strong that,
in spite of all it could do, the wwr
potato looked like a duck, felt vMe a
duck, and no doubt tasted like a
artist declares bis negative was plant
ed just as it came from the developer,
and the potatothe good old sweet
potato, such as the darkies i-.lways
eat swimming in 'possum fatcame
from a garden in Vicksburg, Miss.
Mr. W. A. Johnson of Natchez. Miss.,
who made the picture, says that he
has seen mauy strange freaks in his
lifetime, but nothing approaching our
freak potato. Perhapswho knows
careful attention to the propagation of
this extraordinary Mississippi potato
duckling w-onJJ eventually result in
producing a genuine duckone that
wpuld swim and lay eggs and hatch
other ducks and at-the sana^ time
produce erougn po'atou3 to go with
the meat should the duck be killed
and served for the taulo.
Freak of the California Earthquake.
When the earthquake "shook up"
the Pacific coast in April it made some
very freakish moves.
Leland Stanford Jr., university, sit
uated thirty miles southwest of San
Francisco, is a conspicuous example
of this. A few structures were very
seriously damaged, but the majority of
the college buildings received only
minor Injuries, and will be repaired
,ud ready for the opening of the uni
rersity In August.
.The accompanying picture -show's
with what scant
duck, especially when a real duck was*that the camera could not lie is past
served at the dinner ana the potato
was well soused in duck gravy.
In view of these facts it cannot be
said that the picture is the result of
a snap shot by a freak camera. The
The veracity of the camera nowa
days is pretty generally doubted. The
jtime when a photograph was accepted
on its face value and it was believed
Almost any exaggeration of the truth
is possible to the photographic lens.
What is lost to veracity is more than
gained In general usefulness. In the
accompanying pictures, for instance,
there is obviously some exaggeration,
yet the photographsand they are
actual photographsare none the less
convincing. The perspective is per
fect, the_ general grouping is natural
enough, they are evidently all of a
piece. An entirely new and convinc
ing pictorial effect is thus obtained,
yet no one is deceived.
A striking case in point is the photo
graph of the annual rations of an ex
cessive cigarette smoker, which is
here reproduced. The picture of a
boy climbing with some effort into a
box of giant cigarettes tells the story
at a glance. The boy's attitude, the
perspective of the picture and the nat-
flralness of the grouping are perfectly
convine/ng. One foot is still on the
ground outside the, box, the knee of
the other leg is braced upon a cigar
^Btte, while one, ha^d clutches for sup
port. It is obvious that the boy is hav
cousidefatton the teg some trouble in his climb, and still
It was he is succeeding. Despite this obvi
ous exaggeration the proportions of
the picture are mathematically cor
rect. Given the daily ration of a
cigarette fiend as five boxes of
size shown in the pictureand the al
lowance is not excessivehe will con
sume in the course of a year 1,825
such boxes of cigarettes. The1
contents of one box is a trifle less
than five inches The cubic contents
of all the boxes thus emptied in a
year would exceed 10,000 cubic inches,
and a box of this size would obviously
bear about the same proportion to the
boy smoker as the one in the accom
The number of pencils used up by
a busy man is another subject for the
comparative photograph which lends
itself to striking illustration. Taking
into account the number of pencils
lost, strayed and stolen, in addition to
those which are laboriously whittled,
an average of from one to five pencils
a week is not excessive. In the course
of years the actual amount of timber
which thus passes through one's
hands reaches an amazing total. The
composite pencil of ten years' service,
for example, for one man assumes the
giant proportions of the one here il
lustrated. Should all the pencils be
rolled into one and all the pencil shav
ings be preserved and formed into a
single shaft it would require the en
tire strength of a man to balance such
a pencil on end, much less lift it. An
attempt to write with such a pencil
has been photographe'd herewith.
The cigars consumed by even an
average smoker reach surprising pro
portions every year. An allowance ot
five cigars a day is by no means too
great*, it is far below the average of a
very large class of smokers, but even
on this basis the illustration is suf
ficiently striking. With this rate of
supply a man will have smoked in the
course of a year just 1,825-cigars. An
other way to put the case, which will
bring up a more definite mental pic
ture, is to say that this means more
than ninety boxes of twenty cigars
each. A pile of nearly one hundred
boxes of cigars makes a formidable
array. Rolled into one, this composite
cigar in little more than a year would
have considerable greater bulk than
the smoker himself..
at* APPEA SffcAUILUAIHS
Truths Told in
4It is the organ of ALL Afro-Americans*
5It is not controlled by any ring or clique*
8It asks no support but the people's.
$2.40 PER YEAK.
is strikingly illustrated by an actual
photograph. It naturally becomes
quite a problem how to handle such a
monster cigar. A man of average
strength could no more than roll it
about. The end to be cut off before
smoking would measure about a foot
in diameter. It will be seen in the
picture that the smoker in this case
has* been chopping off the end' and is
about to sever the tip from the cigar
by a few well directed blows.
PAY OF EUROPEAN STATESMEN.
Denmark Is Stingiest of All to Her
The Norwegian member of parlia
ment gets only thirteen shillings a day,
and if the hard-worked legislator takes
a day off he loses his pay. The same
is the case with the members of the
Swiss diet. They are rewarded with
sixteen shillings a day, on condition
that they do not absent themselves
To go further East, we find that
Roumania thinks her lawmakers worth
1 a day. Sixteen shillings a day is
the salary of those who compose the
Bulgarian sobrenje, but members who
Denmark is about the stingiest of
all European countries, so far as re
munerating her lawmakers is con
cerned. Danish membeis of parlia
ment get but six shillings eight pence
a day but, online oTKef hand, they
have the odd privilege of a free seat
in the Royal theater at Copenhagen.
While the members of the German
reichstag are not salaried, yet the law
makers of the various German states
do not work for nothing. Saxe-Coburg
members ot parliament are paid thir
teen shillings, ot Bavaria ten and of
Hesse nine. -jgi^g
At first sight Hungary seems to do
live in the capital get only twelve
her lawmaking on the cheap plan, for
her members get 200 pounds a year
in cash But they are not so badly off,
after all, for a liberal allowance is
made into the bargain for house rent.
Austria-Hungary's two legislative as
semblies cost the country about 160,-
000 a year in all. Both in Austria and
Hungary legislators can travel first
class with second-class tickets.
Besides the United Kingdom, Italy
and Spain are the only countries
which pay nothing to their members
of parliament. Nevertheless, the cost
of the Italian parliament is estimated
at 85,000 a year.
In Portugal also the state does not
remunerate legislators, but they r-
railway passes, and their ^'tvflpl
are legally permitted
pay those who represent them a suml*tofuf?Jf
of about fifteen shillings for each day,,
of the session.London Answers. _j