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National Afro-American Newspaper
PUBLISHED WEKKIT BX
ADAMS BROS. EDITORS AND PUBLISHERS
40 E. 4th Street, St. Paul, Minn.
ST. PAUL OFFICE
J. Q. AD IMS. MnnaKcr.
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JASl'KR GII1HS. Manager.
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C. F. ADAMS, Manager.
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June 6, 1885 at the postofflce at St. Paul,
Minn under act of Congiess, March 3,
Cop\light 1009, by Hams & Ewinf
SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 4, 1911
THE STATUS OF THE AFRO-AMER-
There are two writers of world-wide
reputation who have by their recent
statements in regard to the Afro
Amencan aroused within us renewed
hope, as they have attracted the at
tention of the reading and thinking
One of these writers is Mary White
Ovington, author of "Half a Man," in
which she gives evidence of having
made investigations regard to the
economic and social condition of the
Afro-American in an unbiased and
painstaking manner. She was in
spired to write the book or, at least,
to give it its title, from a conversa
tion with a young Afro-American who
h?d recently returned from Germany,
where he had been engaged in gradu
ate work. The young man in ques
tion was born in one of the gulf states,
and when asked by Miss Ovington if
he intended to go back to the south
to teach, said he did not. He said:
"My father has attained success in
his native state," he said, "but when
I ceased to be a boy he advised me
to live in the north, where my man-
hood would be respected. He him
self cannot continually endure the po
sition in which he is placed, and in
the summer he comes north to be a
man" "No," correcting himself, "to
be half a man. A Negro is wholly a
man only in Europe
Miss Ovington has noticed the
slightly improved condition of the
Afro-American in New York city that
has just very recently appointed its
first Afro-American policeman and is
now working with great show of ulti
mate success the formation of an Afro
American militia regiment.
"Half a Man" has an introduction
written by Prof. Franz Boas, who is
himself the author of "The Mind of
Primitive Man," in which he states
that within one hundred years the
people of the United States will have
absorbed all the immigrant blood of
the thousands of foreigners who have
nocked to this country, including that
of the Negro, which he declares will
be a good thing. He says further:
"I hope the discussions contained
in these pages have shown that thb
data of anthropology teach us a great
er tolerance of forms of civilization
different from our own, and that we
should learn to look upon foreign races
with greater sympathy and with the
conviction, that, as all races have
contributed in the past to cultural
progress in one way or another, so
they will be capable of advancing the
interests of mankind, if we are only
willing to give them a fair opportuni
Thus it would seem that the con
clusions of Rev. W. N. Pendleton, D.
D, in his "Science a Witness for the
Bible," published in 1860 were correct
when he says that the bringing of the
African to this country was "a part
of a vast scheme of an all-wise and
benign Providence." So mote it be!
At last a "perfect woman" has been
found She is the wife of a new
Jersey man with whom she has lived
for thirty-six Years and has never, in
all that time, spoken a cross word to
him No, she isn't dumb either, she
is just a plain, honest, congenial
woman who is in love with her hus
band and he says he would not sell
her for $10,000,000, nor would he give
ten cents for another one. There are
lots of men who would gladly sell
their wives for a great deal less than
$10,000,000, but they are not perfect
women, of course.
Harry B. Bradford, president of the
Antivaccmation Society and instruc
tor of mechanical drawing at Howard
Who was Heartily Welcomed on His Visit to Chicago and the Northwest.
DR. BOOKER WASHINGTON.
University, whose activities against
vaccination drew down the displeas
ure of the medical faculty of the uni
versity last fall upon himself and
caused President Wilbur Thirkield to
warn him to leave the faculty or cease
his activity, has resigned from the
university. He is planning a renewal
of his protest against the compulsory
vaccination of district public school
The new segregation ordinance,
Norfolk, Va., restricting the residence
of Afrc-Americans to certain streets
and localities has been declared un
constitutional by justice Duncan to
day The court held that the question
was one of caste rather than law, and
that so long as an Afro-American
owned his property or paid his rent
and behaved himself he could live
where he pleased.
The case was appealed and will go
to the supreme court.
At last it may be said a real phil
anthropist has been found in the per
son of Dr. D. K. Pearsons of Hinsdale,
111., who has distributed a fortune of
$7,000,000 in beneficences. He wound
up by giving his residence and five
acres of ground valued at $35,000 for
library purposes and he has gone to
the Hinsdale Sanitorium at the age of
92, almost penniless, to end his days.
The Afro-Americans of Washington
will hold a memorial meeting in honor
of the late Justice John M. Harlan at
the Metropolitan A. M. E. church, De
cember 11, the anniversary of the ap
pointment of Justice Harlan to the
Frank Morrison, secretary of the
American Federation of Labor, said in
a recent address that there were
unions in Bible times and that our
Saviour, who was a carpenter, be
longed to the guild regulating that
Senator-elect James K. Vardaman
declares that democracy's choice in
1912 would be Clark or Wilson, and
he is not particular which one it is.
Either can be beaten by Taft easily.
A meeting of the executive commit
tee of the National Republican League
has been called by John Hays Ham
mond, president of the league, for De
cember 12 in Washington.
Principal of the Famous Tusk egee Institution in Alabama.
TAfT LAUDS Y. M. C. A.
Its Branches Aid People of
"There is no Kindle ii,o^,
needs a positivt forco tgreat
that morp nhnnM
Talks at Quinn Chapel, A. M. E.
Crowds Throng Sidewalks for
Hours Gives Praise to
President Taft in a speech deliv
ered before the members of the South
Side Young Men's Christian Associa
tion, at a mass meeting held in Quinn
Chapel, A. M. E. Church, Twenty
fourth street and Wabash avenue
Chicago, Sunday October 29th, gave
the organization the stamp of his
most, hearty approval. The South Side
branch is in a section largely popu
lated by Afro-Ameriteans and tlie
membership will be to a great extent
composed of them
he said, "furn sWng hlalthful occ^
a sound, religions ou,* life,'equalwt!
a sound religious club
yo take i
idealsmerely a business proposi
tionthey went into it and raised
the money. Now they have a magni
ficent building in which all the Amer
ican young men gather. And a simi
lar case arose with the Filipinos.
"It is not a charity at all. That
is one of the greatest features of
itthat the benefits of it can be
conferred upon young men without
giving them the slightest impression
they are receiving charity. The sec
retaries of the association are pro
fessional men they learn the busi
ness they learn how to spend money!
economically,* and any one who con
tributes to the Young Men'^ Chris
tian association ma" know his money
to. When we have a club of any sort,
or a thing that has to bfe described
as a club in the army, what do we
do? We look around for the sec
retary of the Young Men's Christian
association, because he knows how
to run it. We have 5,000 Americans
on the isthmusmore than that with
their families. When you project a
crowd like that into a small com
munity like the zone of the isthmus,
one of the first things that results
because of the withdrawal of home
restraints is a tendency to dissipa
tion and vice.
"We spent out of the funds we had
to erect a canal a good many thou
sands of dollars to build clubs. Then
we went to the Young Men's Chris
tian association. We put their secre
taries at the heads of the clubs,
and they have been, the greatest in
strumentality for making life en
durable there and for keeping our
employes out of mischief that we
could possibly have.
Lauds Work of Rosenwald.
"Of course we have noftothe right
to spend money justh for charitable
or general sociapl purposes given to
the construction of the canalI, and
pation during leSe hours making" H!^? f****^1*
-_- i Negro Business-
I" you area at that age when League, in twelfth annual session as-
you feel that nothing can hurt you sembled, finds many things for which
and you free and away from the the race and threorganizations,well country may re-
of home Joice movement among the Ne
from going down to degradation.
"We have a Young Men's Chris
tian association in Manila for Ameri
cans and for Filipinos. They raised
the money out there from the mer
chants at a time when business was
much depressed. Money had been
given from this country on
merchants to squeeze out the money.
Y. M. C. A. Not a Charity.
'But with the knowledge they had
thered might be somnen stickler who
the Young Men's Christian associa-
He also praised the movement for
a colored men's branch on the south
side. He lauded the "patriotism" of
Julius Rosenwald and other expon
ents of the movement, and closed his
speech with best wishes for a success
ful issue to the campaign.
The automobile procession escort
ing the President reached the little
chapel at Wabash avenue and Twen
ty-fourth street at 4:30. The side
walks were jammed and had been
for two hours before he arrived The
church had been filled for the same
length of time
Mr. P. Sidley, president of the
Gentral Y. M. C. A., presided and
Mr. H. A. Roberts introduced Presi
The President's Speech.
"So impressed have I been with
the association's influence for good
the world over," he continued, "that
Mr. Mott, who is one of the head
movers in the organization, sug
gested he would like to have me at
tend a meeting to raise money to
build Young Men's Christian asso
ciations throughout the orient. I
threw open the east room of the.
"We gathered in there as many
millionaires as we could find, and
raised about $2,000,000. The money
now is being expended and associa- i
tions are being put around the world
They are dotting the world as light- I
houses dot the journey around Hie
world, to help along the Christian
white man, or the Chinaman, and all
others, without respect to religion or
"In Shanghai they have a magnifi- i
cent building which I helped dedi
cate. It was built through the gen
erosity of some American. Bub the
money so given was supplemented by I
a large fund collected from promin
ent Chinese mandarins, familiar with
the influence of this institution upon
Aids Youth in Tropics.
"Now, that is the case with the
Young Men's Christian association
the world over. I knew something
about its operation in the tropics es
pecially. If you have ever been in
the tropics you know there comes a
time, 4 or 5 o'clock in the day, when
you feel devitalized. If you have
any taste for strong liquor it comes
on you. You take one drink and
the effect is satisfactory.
"And as there is nothing much to adopted
do at night in the
use of tha money for that
on the ground that the government
got 50 per cent profit from the money
"And that is why I am here, my
friends, to testify to my intense ap
preciation of the patriotism of Mr.
Rosenwald and the others interested
in this development, and my belief
that the colored men of Chicago
could not have done a better work
for themselves than to have brought
about this Young Men's Christian
"I wish for it all the success that
I know it is going to have in a con
tinuation of the influences with all
the young men who come within the
region where they can improve them
selves by becoming members."
National Negro Business League
Elected at Little Rock Meeting 1911
Dr. Booker T. Washington, presi
Charles Banks, Mississippi, first
J. E. Bush, Arkansas, second vice
Henry T. Pratt, Maryland, third vice
S Elbert, Delaware, fourth vice
D. J. Turner, Oklahoma, fifth vice
Emmett J. Scott, Alabama, corre
Gelbert C. Harris, Massachusetts,
F. H. Gilbert, New York, registrar
C. Houston, Texas, assistant reg
C. P. Adams, Illinois, transportation
S Laing Williams, Illinois, compiler.
W. H. Davis, District Columbia, of
J. Napier, Tennessee, Chairman.
Scipio A. Jones, Arkansas.
S. E Courtney, Massachusetts.
W. C. Gordon, Missouri.
George C. Hall, Illinois.
R. E. Jones, Louisiana.
T. Hays, Tennessee.
W. T. Andrews, South Carolina.
J. B. Bell, Texas.
M. M. Lewey, Florida.
T. J. Elliott, Oklahoma.
S. A. Furniss, Indiana
J. C. Thomas, New York.
The following resolutions were
schools and othe which
neignborhood, ther0 a danger, groes of this country to buy land, es-
inere is a danger to the men who tablish commercial institutions
to Manila, tha is that it areegrowing strongerth
thee. iKSSLS th^l
des for those of opportunity may be closed
of its usefulness in keeping men, North and South. Their spoken word
upon whoumI thesy, depended carry of cheer and kindness
with moral speak in
"The use of the word'charity'was1
unfortunate one. for SLoTS
an unfortunate one for I expected
to dwell on the fact, which I wish
to emphasize, that when men go
into the Young Men's Christian asso
ciation they do not feel as if they
were going there as poor young men
dependent on somebody. They re
ceive the imnrpwinn PUDc
$~S^ to be there.
Praises South Side Branch.
"Mr. Julius Rosenwald, who sits
here, has taken this in hand and I
want to congratulate the Afro-Ameri
can people of Chicago
on.** iicuj,.iC wi v^uicagu ma tney nave
raised the money needed and are Professord
nutting this thing through with true
n'= Christia_ J-J.. ___ tlirPR Men's. association is tol
eration. Any one who comes into
the portals feels at home. It pro
motes the brotherhood of man. It
takes out racial, sectional and relig
ious sectarianism. And what is better
than all it is like medicinea speci
fic medicine. It reaches the spot.
"There are a good many other
things the Young Men's Christian
association promotes besides good
fellowship. it promotes cleanliness,
exercise it promotes everything
that makes a man stand up on his
two leg* and rejoice he is a biped.
Useful In Army.
"Its usefulness in the army and
navy I can give personal testimony
each year. The
rac has recognize truth that the
standard by which it is to be meas
ured in its permanent place is that
which has been applied to all other
elements which enteex intt our com
"We urgne with ailtthe emphasis at
our command that our people bu
land.e Buy it now, get ready for even
Pec this door
now Se ready for even
"We are profoundly grateful for the
interest shown in our progress by the
best element of the white people, both
tha words and
have done much to inspire us.
The National Negro Bar Associa
tion elected Mr. J. T. Settles of Mem
The National Negro Bankers' Asso
ciation elected J. T. Pettiford of Bir
The National Negro Press Associa
tion elected Mr M. M. Lewey of Pen
The National Negro Undertakers'
lin of Chattanooga, Tenn, president.
of popular edu
cation to establish friendlier
Chicago enterprise. students of Vanderbilt University
'The chief spirit of the Young
between the United States and
The division of intercourse and educa
tion has arranged an exchange, "to
give to each people better knowledge
of the other, and to help build up a
publi opinion in boths countries that
opinion oot countries tha i
If the Japanese find this plan neces
sary tothe establishnfriendly relations be-
twee brow man and the white
man it would undoubtedly be an ex
cellent scheme for
colleges in thiosf country
Tenn., have a
feHoward-lecw tures by Kellto Mille of
furnish new ideas to students at Wash
ington and Lee University. The white
professors could lecture in the Afro
American colleges and in this way
friendly relations would be encourag-
No Problem at All.
"Have you ever notiotd how a bum
aeto* get laughter and applause
by using a cuss word?*
"Oh, yes. What's the reason
*Tve found out, I think. The audi
COM has been wanting to swear. Ml
Knowles Building t?fiwr^.
current expenses and building
ass room and industrial leaders,, class room and industrial leaders
thousands are reached through the Tus
kegee Negro Conference.
Tuskegee is 40 miles east of Mont
gomery and 136 miles west of Atlanta, on
the Western Railroad of Alabama
Tuskegee is a quiet, -beautiful old
Southern town, and is an ideal place for
study. The climate is at all times mild
excellent winter resort.
JEFFERSON CITY, MISSOURI
Founded by the Soldiers of the 62d and 65th
Regiments of the V. S. Colored- Infantry.
Supported by the State of Missouri. Has
Normal, Collegiate, Agricultural, Mechanical and
Industrial Courses Buildings and equipment
unsurpassed Thirty teachers representing the
best schools of the country Students from all
sections of the country For catalogue and fur
ther information address
BENJAMIN FRANKLIN ALLEN,
All the advantages of tbe finest and most completely
equipped Conservatory building in tbe world, tbe at
mosphere of a recognized center or Art and Music and
association with tbe masters in tbe Profession are
offered students at tbe Now England Conservatory of
Sius'c Tborougb work in all departments of music
Courses can be arranged in Elocution and Oratory.
GEORGE W. CHADWICH, Musical Director.
Allparlta.'a-1 and vtarboot will bt sent on application.
COLLEGES JLNE* SCHOOLS
The Academy-GEORGE J. CTJMMINGS, A. M. Dean.
School of Manual Arts and Applied
VZZ IS} holoCT--ISAABC
Normal and Inmisiriai institute
Organized July 4, 1S81, by the State
Legislature as The Tuskegee State Noi
mal bcnool. Exempt from taxation
BOOKER WASHINGTON, Principal
WARREN LOGAN, Treasurer
In the Black Belt of Alabama where the
blacks outnumber the whites three to one
ENROLLMENT AND FACULTY.
Over 1,500 students, more than 100 in
COURSE OF STUDY.
English education combined with in
dustrial training, 28 industries in constant
VALUE OF PROPERTY.
Property consisting of 2,350 acres of
land 103 buildings almost wholly built
with student labor, is valued at $1,250,000.
and no mortgage
?50 annually for the education of each
student, ($200 enables one to finish the
course, $1,000 creates permanent scholar
ship Students pay their own board in
cash and labor Money any amount
WILBUR. THIRKIEL D. President.
-GEORGE W. COOK, A. M., Dean.
^CH, M. D., Dean,
The School of Medicine:R Medical, Dental and Pharmaceutical
ihe&choolof LawBENJAMIN F.LEIGHTON.LL Dea
For Catalogue and Special'information Address De?n of Department.
ad Thorough work!
Beautiful Situation, Healthfuln Location. The Bet ,MnMi
Environment-o A MmamV^aSL^S^^
ATLANTA UNIVERSITY, Atlanta. G^.
Is beautifully located in the City of Atlanta, Ga. The courses of
study mclude High School, Normal School and College, with manulf
training and domestic science. Among the teachers are Graduates of Yal*
Harvard, Dartsmouth, Smith and Wesley. FortuneySrs of mceeuftL
work have been completed. Students come from all parts of'the Sol
MOORE,C. A. M., Ph.D.VlS"
The Collegeof Arts and Science-KEIAY MIIAER, A. M., Dean
Washington Conservatory of
^,,^a^ """'s Music and School of Expression
Besides the work done by graduates as 0^ 2
8U TRFPT, WicuiwrTAM, r*.
LARGE AND COMPETENT FACULTY
Piano,Voiceand Violin. Piano Tuniog.Theory Analy
sis, Harmony, Counterpoint, Fugue.Vocal Expression,
Wind Instruments, History of Music, Methods.
Scholarships Awarded Artists' Kecttal*
HARRIET GIBBS MARSHALL, President
GEORGE WILLIAM OOOK, Treasurer
ABBY WILLIAMS, Secretary.
This-institution of learning, established in 1865,
has industrial departments for both young men
and young women, as well as college, normal and
preparatory departments There are also Schools
of Law, Medicine, Pharmacy and Theology
The facilities have recently been increased
Other improvements are being planned that wilt
be completed within the next two years
Applications should be made several months or
a year in advance, for it has become impossible
during the last few years to receive all who apply.
The present enrollment is over 500.
The academic year begins on the Thursday
nearest the first day of October and continues for
thirty-two consecutive weeks. The charges are
moderate. Catalogues furnished upon application..
Address THE PRESIDENT
Shaw University, Raleigh. N. C.
NORTH SIDE, PITTSBURGH, PA.
A Practical literary and Industrial?
Trades School for Afro-American Boys
and Girls Unusual advantages for Guls
and a separate building Address
Joseph D. Mahoney, Principal.
Box 154 North Side, Pittsburgh, Pa.
GAMMON THEOLOGICAL SEMINARY
AIMS AND METHODS.
The aim of this school is to do prac
tical work in helping men towards suc
cess in the ministry. Its couise of study
is broad ansd practical itssideas are hiehe
010 methods ar
liesn. systematic, clear and simple
COURSE OF STUDY.
The regularl course of study occupies
tlnee years, and covers the lines of work
departments of theological
instruction usually pursued in the lead
ing theological seminaries of the country
EXPENSES AND AID
Tuition and room rent are free The-y
apartments forn students are plainly fui
mshed. Goomd board can be had for seven
A from loans without interest, and
iits of friends, are granted to deserving
students who do their utmost in the line
ol self help No young man with grace,
guts, and energy, need be deprived ot
the advantages now opened to him in
this Seminary For further particulais
Gammon Theological Seminary,