A National Afro-American Newspaper
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ADAMS BROS. EDITORS AND PUBLISHERS
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JASPER GIBBS. Manager.
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June 6, 1885 at the postofflce at St. Paul,
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SATURDAY, JANUARY 18, 1913.
"A NOTABLE POEM."
The Minneapolis Tribune recently
gave evidence of its inclination to deal
fairly with the Afro-American by re
ferring editorially to a poem from the
pen of James W. Johnson under the
caption of "A Notable Poem." The
loe wa3 written in commemoration
of the fiftieth anniversary of Abraham
Lincoln's emancipation proclamation,
and "its stanzas have a rythm and
swing and resonance which will not
permit it to be forgotten."
Says the Tribune:
The view is one of sublime encour
agement, notwithstanding the many
prejudices and wrongs with which the
colored race still has to contend. But
the uplifting, inspiring note of the
poem is that in which the author
counsels his brethren never to harbor
the thought that they are here on suf
ferance, or that they are outcasts and
This land is ours by right of birth,
This land is ours by right of toil,
We helped to turn its virgin earth,
Our sweat is in its fruitful soil.
This is not a claim to any exclusive
possession, but simply to a fair part
and lot in the country's citizenship.
This is finely expressed in the follow
No! Stand erect and without fear,
And for our foes let tnis suffice
We've bought a rightful sonship here,
And we have more than paid the
A poem like this might well date a
new emancipation of the racean
emancipation from any timid doubts
of ultimate justice, or servile fears to
assert their right of manhood. Such
a literary inspiration may do as much
for the spiritual elevation cf the col
ored people as Lincoln's proclamation
did for their political elevation.
The fools are not all dead yet, but
one of them died on the 13th inst
near Tucson, Ariz, it was an unlucky
day for him. Alejandro Ramirez, a
miner, was amusing himself by trying
to step on the fingers of a fellow
miner who was preceding him going
down on a ladder in the shaft of the
Twin mine. Ramirez lost his footing
and fell 30C feet to his d%ath. Some
folks trifle with death once too often.
THIS SENATOR AVERSE TO, ARBITRATION
"Every nation in the world, certainly every maritime nation, would be
as much interested as Great Britain herself to uphold the British contention.
Can any one doubt what the result of arbitration would be under such con-
ditions An arbitration court made up of representatives from any civilized
country that might be suggested would be prejudiced against the United
States, and that does not fit in well with the American sense of fairness in
dealing with a question that is in controversy.
"The case would be prejudged."
MAY RECALL HAAKON, KING OF NORWAY
According to common gossip in the
courts of Europe, King Haakon of
Norway is rapidly losing favor. And
judged by the same source of in
formation, it seems apparent he will
soon be discouraged by the Storthing
into giving up his throne.
Just after Haakon left Norway
early in December, with Queen Maud
and Prince Olaf, for London, to do
their Christmas shopping, the Repub
lican party introduced a bill into the
Storthing abolishing all decorations.
This bill is certain to be passed,
and as the power to confer decora
tions is the only privilege enjoyed by
the king without securing the sanc
tion of his ministers, the force of the
intended legislative attack is obvious.
Almost immediately prior to the
introduction of the bill Haakon con
ferred the grand cross of St. Olaf on
retiring Minister Thome.
Another factor emanates from the
charge made that the king and queen
have hoarded their allowance for the six years they have reigned in order
to spend it on Appleton house, Sandringham, which was a wedding gift from
tiie queen father, the late King Edward of England. The royal couple of
Norway spend much of their time there and this is disapproved by their sub-
jects who have frequently complained that the pair buy most of their
Christmas things in London markets.
One can gain an idea Hakon's expenditures on himself from the cost
of his clothing, whicdha does not exceed $1,250 a year.
Queen Maud would shed no tears over the voluntary lossl of the throne.
King Haakon would have no regrets.
In stating his position regarding
the Panama Canal situation, Senator
James O'Gorman, of New York, said:
"The canal, is an American canal,
constructed by American engineers
through the liberal appropriation of
funds by the American congress, and,
above all, it is constructed upon
American territory, and I am amazed
that anybody should have the hardi
hood to contend that it should not be
administered by American law.
"We should not lose sight of the
fact that even if we were willing to
submit this domestic question to an
arbitral court it would be impossible
to find anywhere an impartial tri
bunal to try it.
"Nominally, the case as it stands
is one between the United States and
Great Britain as a matter of fact,
the controversy raised by Great Brit
ain would be one between the ship
ping interests of the United States
and the shipping of the entire world.
Edward and the English climate suits her
that of Norway does not, for her health Is impaired the periods she
remains in Norway.
DEWEY RECOMMENDS HORSEBACK RIDING
M. Adleson, the Rev. James Mackin of St. Peter's Episcopal church Capt.
Spencer S. Woods, Commanders Victor Blue, W. D. McDougall and H. J.
Admiral Dewey was born in Montpelier, Vt., in 1837.
"I should say," he declared today, "that any man who begins to ride
horseback early and continues with it throughout his early years will find in
the end that he has invested in a form of physical exercise that will be a
great asset to him in his later years. Driving is splendid, too. Getting lots of
it is the principal thing. I learned to ride early in my own state of Vermont.
I don't know how early, but I have kept on with that exercise and it has
been a great benefit to me.
"I remember one day riding with George Bancroft, the historian. He
was 80 years old at the time. I asked him to what he ascribed his perfect
physical condition at that time and he pointed to his horse for answer."
NEW CIVIL GOVERNOR OF CANAL ZONE
President Taft lias tendered to
Col. G. W. Goethals, U. S. A., chief
engineer of the Panama canal, and
the colonel has accepted, the post of
civil governor of the canal zone.
The change of government on the
isthmus will take place probably in
the spring. Colonel Goethals will
serve as civil governor until the canal
is formally opened on January 1, 1915.
The first vessel will be sent
through the canal, barring the un
foreseen, Sept. 25, 1913, on the four
hundredth anniversary of the discov
ery of the Pacific. From then until
the formal opening the canal will be
operated as a "sample" for training
of the operating force, the getting of
everything in final shipshape, etc.
The canal, according to Colonel
Goethals, is now more than 75 per
cent completed, and July 1 next will
see it ready for the turning* in of the
water. It is apprehended that the
entrance and presence of the water
may cause some further slides of the treacherous banks, particularly at the
Culebra cut, but the expectation is that the dredges can take care of the
material thus..deposited in the big ditch.
Colonel Goethals intends, when the canal is a-going, to retire from the
government service and settle in New York as a consulting engineer, with the
idea of making some money for his family. Meantime President Taft has
asked congress to reward the colonel's work on the isthmus by promoting*
him to be a major-general in the army.
Admiral Dewey celebrated his 75th
birthday on December 26, In a quiet
way, working a little in the forenoon,
riding out for an airing later, and
dining with a few friends in the eve
"I feel like an ensign," said Mr.
Dewey to friends. He looked as
healthy and happy as a man just out
"I never felt any better in my life
than I feel today," added the admiral.
"Two things, horseback riding and
keeping away from banquets, have
helped me. To be of a good old fam
ily of people who live to ripe old ages
helps one to grow old gracefully and
keep in vigorous health."
Admiral Dewey went to his office
to work during the day, but his call
ers were so numerous that he had to
give it up. Among his visitors were
Rear Admirals Barker, Mason, Twin
ing, Fletcher, Vreeland and Cone.
Surgeon General Stokes, Gen. John
Collapse of Washington's Famous Cotillon Club
ASHINGTON.The collapse of
the "Bachelors" Washington's fa
mous cotillon club, which for the last
twenty years has established the
standing of the successive crop of
smart society, has been followed by
the establishment of the "Benedicts"
and at last Washington winter time
smart set has undergone the long
threatened pruning. The Bachelors,
according to some reports, "fell of its
own weight." In other words, too
many who could not muster all the re
quirements were admitted to member
ship and one by one the "swagger"
element withdrew. The defection be
gan several seasons ago when Major
Charles McCawley, U. S. M. C. who
throughout the Roosevelt regime was
the Beau Brummel of Washington,
gave up his membership. George How
ard, son of Lady Howard of England
and kin to the ultra-aristocratic Riggs
connection, resigned about the same
time. Gist Blair, one of the most elig
ible bachelors in the country, came a
close third, but these lapses were
made up by the younger army and
Last year things got worse and even
the lances of criticism assailed the
bachelors, whose dances careful moth
ers considered a bit too blase for the
debutantes whose coming-out hereto
fore had not been considered properly
accomplished unless "they appeared"
at least at the Bachelors' three yearly
Y. M. C. A. Puts Ban on All Suggestive Songs
HIS notice was posted the other
day at the Y. M. C. A rooms and
"Members of the Y. M. C. A. and
visitors to the Association building
will please refrain from playing or
singing music of the following kind
in or about the buildngs: 'Hitchy
Koo,' 'Row, Row, Row,' 'Everybody's
Doing It.' 'When I Get You Alone To
"Such songs are suggestive and not
at all in keeping with the ideals of
The notice appeared on the bulletin
boards throughout the Y. M. C. A. dor
mitory as irell as on the announce
ment boards in the Association's gym
nasium, pool room, bowling alleys,
turkish baths, reading rooms and bar
"The ruling was made," said Secre
tary Cooper, "not because any one has
made himself objectionable by per
forming these questionable songs, but
merely to Insure that the policy and
moral conditions of the young man
shall be carried out in this detail as in
others. For many years I have noticed
a steady lowering In the moral tone
of the average popular song. Former-
Plans to Further Embellish^ the Capitol Grounds
i LANS are made, and their execu
tion will be proceeded with as soon
as finances warrant, for further em
bellishing the capitol grounds by the
planting of additional shrubbery. It
should be emphasized that no attack
is contemplated on the design of the
grounds which represents the admir
able work of the landscape architect,
Frederick Law Olmsted. The layout
of the capitol grounds is satisfactory
to everybody, and the design is vener
ated by all the men having in charge
the care and preservation of the
When the capitol grounds, as we
know them, were young, a great deal
of the plantation was for quick results.
The results were achieved. Some
shrubbery has developed so that as a
"Germans." The turkey trot was one
of the first wedges, the introduction of
bridge whist tables.where some pretty
high play was possible was another
disintegratory feature, while the habit
some of the young matrons had of go
ing out to the smoking rooms and puf
fing a cigarette or two between dances
was yet another phase of the bache
lors' later dances which more careful
mothers refused to view with favor.
Anyway this season the Bachelors
fell through, the last president, Law
rence Townsend, former American
minister to Belgium, resigning and the
general committee going out with him
and leaving the old organization with
its new membership floundering.
The Bachelors, under Major McCaw
ley's regime, first attained the dis
tinction of having the mistress of the
White House stand as hostess at one
of the first dances each year. Mrs.
Roosevelt and Mrs. Taft both "re-
ceived" for the Bachelors at least
once each season. For "resident hos
tess" one of the smartest of the resi
dent set stood as sponsor while al
ways the second or third dance had
for its hostess the wife of one of the
Lady Curzon as Miss Mary Leiter,
danced her first ball at the Bachelors,
as did Mrs. Longworth and, later, her
sister, Miss Ethel Roosevelt later
still, Miss Helen Taft. Flanking these
distinctions were hundreds of belles
and their daughters.
The Benedicts gave just one ball,
Dec. 31. It was danced in the small
est ballroom in Washington. Conse
quentlythere was the grandest string
pulling contest Washington has wit
nessed in many a decade, for when
the benedicts list came out, every
body knew just exactly who was who
in the smartest of the capital's smart
ly sheet music was derived from the
operas of Gilbert and Sullivan nowa
days they seem to come mostly from
the burlesque stage. Twenty-five years
ago many popular songs possessed
considerable merit today many of
them are unspeakable.
"It is not the actual, literal mean
ing of the words sung that is objec
tionable, but it is the connotation, the
idea obviously Implied, or that one
is led to anticipate, which constitutes
the peculiarly vicious effect of these
songs. Popular music today Is at its
lowest ebb. But even if It cannot show
brains, it at least can show decency,
and I would welcome any movement
designed to this end."
The Washington Y. M. C. A has a
membership of 3,000.
permanent feature it cannot be In
dorsed by progressive landscape ar
chitects, but even this will not be
trifled with. Plant mortality in the
capital grounds was high last winter.
A large amount of shrubbery was kill
ed by the long and excessive cold. A
number of trees have been slain by
summer storms, and several were de
stroyed or irreparably injured last
Whenever the replacement of a tree
is determined on a memorial tree will
be set out, with the final result that
memorial groves will surround the
capitol. Last spring a beginning in
this line of work was made, and in
the east park on the senate side Sen
ator Bacon planted a willow oak, Vice
President Sherman a purple beech.
Senator Lodge a red oak, Senator
Cullom an oak. and Senator Wetmore
an English beech. At the east front
on the house side Speaker Clark plant
ed a sugar maple, Representative Can
non an oak and Representative Brown
ing of New Jersey an oak. There are
several tree vacancies In the west
grounds, and these will be filled by
the planting of remembrance trees
Baby McLean's Birthday Party Breaks All Records
ABY Vincent Walsh McLean's $10,-
000 birthday party, given the other
day at the Walsh home in Washing
ton, broke all records for gorgeous
and ingenious entertainments.
Gifts came in hundred lots, and in
hundred lots they continued to come
for several days. The greater number
are yet to be opened for the inspection
of the youthful recipient and a pair of
secretaries will be required to get the
notes of thanks oft in proper time.
The one best gift of the whole col
lection, however, is the snow burro
which came as a gift from Mrs. Mc
Lean to her only son. The burro has
a long pedigree and a shaggy coat and
a perfect disposition. He arrived sev
eral days ago, December 18, being the
natal day of Baby Vincent, whose
birthday fete was brought forward a
few days to bring it in closer touch
with the Christmas season.
A giant'white bull moose, white as
snow and terrifyingly natural, shares
the place of honor with the burro in
the affections of the young heir. This
also was a gift from Mrs. McLean and
its appearance for the first time creat
ed a great/sensation.
There is nothing in poetry, or, in
deed, in society so unpleasant as af
."IfcJfkKsifi .-v %&: J! ^"ifiSK -*-S#-!*i-siKrV
The birthday cake, which had the
place of honor on the table specially
constructed for the comfort of the
tiny guests, was a real wonder cake,
with its tier after tier of frosted "ter
races," the pinnacle crowned with a
trio of birthday candles.
Boxes of eake, with the monogram
of the celebrant, together with quanti
ties of wonderful toys and marvelous
mechanical trophies, were given to
each of the guests as they set off
home at the close of the afternoon.
For entertainment there was a circus
with a real clown. Punch and Judy
show and a vaudeville entertainment
completed the show.
Baby McLean is three years old and
te heir to between ninety and a faun*
"Money makes the mare go." Not
when our money is. "on" her.The
Knowles Building. Boys' Hall. Stone Hall. Girls' Hall -M^X-I rrL.
ATLANTA UNIVERSITY. AUaifta
Is beautifully located in the City of Atlanta, Ga. The courses, of
study include High School, Normal School and College, with manual
training and domestic science. Among the teachers are graduates of Yale
Harvard, Dartsmouth, Smith and Wesley. Forty-one years of successful
work have been completed. Students come from all parts of the
Graduates are almost universally successful. For further informatirm*
address President. EDWARD T. WARE, A&a, Qa!
JEFFERSON CITY, MISSOURI
Founded by the Soldiers of the 62d and 65th
Regiments of the XT. S. Colored. Infantry.
Supported by the State o Missouri. Has
Normal, Collegiate, Agricultural, Mechanical and
Industrial Courses Buildings and equipment
unsurpassed Thirty teachers representing the
best schools of the country Students from all
sections of the country. For catalogue and fur
ther information address
BENJAMIN FEANKLIN ALLEN,
All the advantages of the finest nd most completely
equipped Conservatory building In the world, the a^
mosphere of a recognized center of Art and -Music and
association with the masters In the Profession are
offered studonti at the New England Conservatory of
Music. Thorough work in all departments of music.
Courses can be arranged in Elocution und Oratory.
GEORGE W. CHADWICK. Musical Director.
All?arlicuta* and war too* ill be sent un application
WILBUR. THIRKIEL D, President.
Washington. D. C.
The Collegeof Arts and ScienceKEU.Y A. M. Dean.
The AcademyGEORGE J. CTJMMINGS, A. M. Dean.
The Commercial CollegeGEORGE W. COOK, A. M., Dean.
fcschool of Manual Arts and Applied Science
The School of Theology-ISAAC CI,ARK, D. D., Dean.
The School of Medicine: Medical, Dental and Pharmaceutical
CollegesEDWARD O. BAIXOCH, M. D., Dean.
lhe school of LawBENJAMIN F. LEIGHTON LL Dean
For Catalogue and Special 'information Address Dean' of Department.
Beautiful Situation, Healthful Location.ThorongBest
EnvironmentA Splendid Intellectual Atmosphere,
High School, Grammar School and Industrial.
very reasonable. Opportunity for Self-help. i~
ff VSfr^fc JPJt
Normal aqd industrial institute
Organized July 4, 1881, by the State
Legislature as The Tuskegee State Nor
mal School. Exempt from taxation.
BOOKER T. WASHINGTON, Principal.
WARREN LOGAN, Treasurer.
In the Black Belt of Alabama where the
blacks outnumber the whites three lo one.
ENROLLMENT AND FACULTY.
Over 1,500 students, more than 100 in
COURSE OF STUDY.
English education combined with in
dustrial training 2S industries in constant
VALUE OF PROPERTY.
Property consisting of 2,350 acres of
land. 103 buildings almost wholly built
with student labor, is valued at $1,250,000.
and no mortgage.
$50 annually for the education of each
student (|200 enables one to finish the
course $1,000 creates permanent scholar
srnp. Students pay their own board In
cash and labor.) Money .in any-^amount
for current expenses and building.
Besides the work done by graduates as
class room and industrial leaders,
thousands are reached through the Tus
kegee Negro Conference.
Tuskegee is 40 miles east of Mont
gomery and 136 miles west of Atlanta, on
the Western Railroad of Alabama.
Tuskegee is a quiet, beautiful old
Southern town, and is an ideal place for
study. The climate is at all times mild
excellent winter resort.
A. M. Dean
The Moral and Spiritual
Honest and work
following departments College Normal,
Kffts, good drainage. Expense
PRESIDENT R. W. MeGRANAHAN. Knoxville. Tenn.
TUSKEGEE GAMMO N THEOLOGICAL SEMINARY
AIMS AND METHODS.
The aim of this school is to do prac
tical work in helping men toward:- si1
cess in the ministry. Its course of sliurv
is broad and practical its ideas arc high
ltd work is thorough its method.- are
tresh. systematic, clear and simplo.
COURSE OF STUDY.
The regular course of study occupies
three years, and covers the lines of v.oik
ln the several departments of theologi'-al
instruction usually pursued in the lead
ing theological seminaries of the country.
EXPENSES AND AID.
Tuition and room rent are frf\
apartments for students are plainly
nished. Good board can be had for
dollars per month. Buildings
A from loans wiLhoul Interest-, nnd
gifts of friends, are granted to deserving
students who do their utmost in the line
of self-help. No young man with grace,
gifts, and energy-, need be deprived of
the advantages now opened to him in
this Seminary. For further particulars
Gammon Theological Seminary,
Washington Conservatory of
Music and School of Expression
902 STREET, WASHINGTON, D. C.
LARGE AND COMPETENT FACULTY
Piano,Voiceand Violin, Piano Tuning,ThccryAnaly
sis, Harmony, Counterpoint, Fugue,Vocal Exp.tasion.
Wind Instruments, History of Music, Methods.
Scholarships Awarded Artists' Recitals
HARRIET GiBB3-MARSKAL'L, Presidaat.
GEORGE WILLIAM COOK. Treasurer.
ABBY WILLIAMS, Secretary.
LEWIS G. GREGORY, Financial Secretary.
ANXIE E. GRINAGE.
Tfija-instijution of learning, established in 1165,
has industrial departments ior both vcvng rers
and young women, as well as college, riorir.a! end
preparatory departments. There are also School
of Law, Medicine, Pharmacy and Theology
The facilities have recently been incctzszd
Other improvements sr being planned thai \,'.V.
be completed within the next two years.
Applications should be made scera! r.OT:i or
a year in advance, for it hoz become inv^v^le
during the last few years to :ece ve uli who ap,~!y.
The preseni enrollment is over 500.
The academic year bjgins on the Th.irsilw
nearest the firs'.- day of October and continues for
thirty-two consecutive w:?!s The charter ire
moderate. Catalogues furrhhed upen ajipi-:cation..
Address "THE PRESIDENT
Shav/ University, Salsigh, N. C.
NORTH SIDE, PITTSBURGH, PA.
A Practical Literary and Industrial
Trades fechool for Afro-American Boys
ana Girls. Unusual advantages for Girls
and a separate building. Address
Joseph D. Mahoney, Principal.
Box. 154. North Side. Pittsburgh Pa
p. Why do you wash in the hardest pos
sible way? Use PEARLINE, there's no
bending over the tub, no back kinks, no
work to speak of, no wear and tear from
rubbing. Millions use PEARLINE. No
matter how or when you vise PEAR.LINE,
or however delicate your hands or the
fabric, it is absolutely arm
Peaurlirve ih right663.ssel
Prone in the road he lay.
Wounded and sore bestead:
Priests, Levites past that way,
And turned aside the head.
They were not hardened men
In human service slack:
His need was great: but then
His face, you see, was black.
From the New York Independent.
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