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443 S. Dearborn St., Suits 660.
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National Afra-Araerican Newspaper
P17BI.XSKK] VSIXLT S
ADAMS BROS. EDITORS AND PUBLISHERS
4 B. 4th Street, St. Paul, Mian.
ST. PAUL OFFICE
J. Q. ADAMS* Manager.
No. 236 Union Block, 49 E. 4th St.
JASPER GIBBS. Manager.
Metropolitan Bids:.. Room 1020.
C. ADAMS, Manager.
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June 6, 1885 at the postofftce at St. Paul,
Minn., under act of Congress, March 3,
SATURDAY, JANUARY 25, 1913.
"A NOTABLE POEM."
The Minneapolis Tribune recently
gave evidence of its inclination to deal
fairly with the Afro-American by re
ferring editorially to a poem from the
pen of James W. Johnson under the
caption of "A Notable Poem." The
poem was written in commemoration
of the fiftieth anniversary of Abraham
Lincoln's emancipation proclamation,
and "its stanzas have a rythm and
swing and resonance which will not
permit it to be forgotten."
Says the Tribune:
The view is one of sublime encour
agement, notwithstanding the many
prejudices and wrongs with which the
colored race still has to contend. But
the uplifting, inspiring note of the
poem is that in which the author
counsels his brethren never to harbor
the thought that they are here on suf
ferance, or that they are outcasts and
This land is ours by right of birth,
This land is ours by right of toil,
We helped to turn its virgin earth,
Our sweat is in its fruitful soil.
This is not a claim to any exclusive
possession, but simply to a fair part
and lot in the country's citizenship.
This is finely expressed in the follow
No! Stand erect and without fear,
And for our foes let tnis suffice
We've bought a -rightful sonship here,
And we have more than paid the
A poem like this might well date a
ew emancipation of the racean
emancipation from any timid doubts
of ultimate justice, or servile fears to
assert their right of manhood. Such
a literary inspiration may do as much
for the spiritual elevation of the col
ored people as Lincoln's proclamation
did for their political elevation.
Nellie Busch, a 14-year-old white
girl of Kansas City, was entrusted
with $5, wherewith to pay a gas bill.
She and another girl of the same age
as herself instead of paying the bill
spent the money for candy and other
trifles. Then they began to think of the
punishment that would fallow the dis-
covery of their rascality. So they
rolled in the mud, tore their clothes,
besmirched their faces, tousled their
hair and ran down an alley screaming.
The neighborhood was aroused and
the girls stated that they had been at
tacked by an Afro-American. This
threw the neighborhood into a panic
and had some unfortunate black man
been found in that vicinity it would
have been bad for him. The girls
confessed on Monday that they had
lied and that they were doing this to
save Nellie from the effects of her
guilt. More than one black man has
been sacrificed in this same way
One W. P. Simpson, an American
now. residing in Kobe, Japan, in a re
cent interview, says that the Japan
ese cabinet is greatly worried over the
growth of irreligion and is trying to
decide between Buddhism, Shintoism
and Christian. The Japanese would
do well to keep their eyes open when
an American comes to teach religion.
The prime object of American Chris
tianity seems to be to Jim Crow and
degrade the darker races. We won
der what the white American Chris
tians expect to be done with the
darkskinned Christians that are made
in their Jim Crow institutions?
The Czar of Russia has disciplined
his Ibrother, the Grand Duke Michael,
by relieving him by imperial mani
festo from his position as regent des
ignate during the minority of the im
perial crown prince in case of the
death of the czar. He was also strip
ped of other honors and sources of
emolument. These steps were taken
by the czar to mark his disapproval
of the recent marriage of the Grand
Duke Michael to Mme. Sheremetiev
skaia. When you come to think
about it, can you blame him?
They say, one is born every second,
but one would not think that Mrs.
Isabelle Adams, widow of Al Adams,
"policy king" was sucker enough to
give her note for $30,000 to such an
arrant fake as Mrs. Gilbert, known in
the mystic world as Mme. de Brau.
She also gave her several thousands
of dollars at different times, of course,
Al got his money from the fools who
played against his game and it may
be nothing but retributive justice that
his widow should be buncoed out of
the money he left her.
was discharged because, as the faculty
said, "she was too beautiful to re
main in the same room with suscept
ible young men." Five of the young
men were expelled at the same time
on account of her fatal beauty.
The fools are not all dead yet, but
one of them died on the 13th inst.
near Tucson, Ariz. It was an unlucky
day for him. Alejandro Ramirez, a
miner, was amusing himself by trying
to step on the fingers of a fellow
miner who was preceding him going
down on a ladder in the shaft of the
Twin mine. Ramirez lost his footing
and fell 300 feet to his death. Some
folks trifle with death once too often.
Representative Frank Clark of Flor
ida has joined the Vardman-Blease
Heflin crowd. In a recent speech at
Washington he said he would not hesi
tate to join a mob and lynch a man
who had attacked a white woman. We
wonder if he would hesitate to joint
a mob to lynch a man who had assault
ed a black woman? Virtue should be
protected whether ones skin be black
or white. Color is only skin deep.
The heathen Filipinos are clam
oring for independence. The Afro-I
Americans seem to be not greatly
troubled about their civil rights. Many
Northern legislators are offering Jim
Crow Bills. Afro-Americans in the
North ought to get busy and quietly
use influences to retain their rights.
Brass band methods are not advisable.
Eternal vigilance is the price of lib
There is a Prof. Knox traveling
around the country, who claims to
have invented Mental Science. He
says it will bring long life and pros
perity. He say he will live 10,000
years. We don't know that we'd care
to live so long( but we'd like to have
the prosperity he claims may be had
under mental science.
In a recent address at Washington,
Representative Henry M. Goldfogle of
New York warned the Jews of Amer
ica against being deceived into believ
ing that prejudice against their race
had entirely died out in America. It
is only lying dormant.
At a banquet in Chicago, William F.
McCombs, chairman of the Democrat
ic national committee, said, "The
South will take leadership in national
thought." If so, God help our coun
One bank in New York has made
over $80,000,00 profits since it started
business in 1863 with a capital of
$500,000. This just shows how money
can make money, if properly handled.
It is not often that a woman's
beauty causes her to lose a job but it
seems that this is the cause in the
case of a young woman in Bethany and Mr.
College, W. Va. The young woman in *or action and sailed down to the In-
question was physical instructor and
Dr. Eliot, president emeritus of Har
vard, does not believe in the existence
of hell. If there is such a place, his^
race prejudice makes him a fit sub
ject for a sojourn there.
Smokes Cigar While His Toe Is Being Cut Off
ASHINGTON.Senator Shlvely of
Indiana looms up as a real hero.
He refused to take an anesthetic and
smoked placidly a long black cigar
while surgeons cut off one of his toes.
And the senator, despite the enco
miums that are coming his way, is
modest about It He would have pre
ferred that his heroism should have
gone unsung, but the facts about the
scene in the operating room finally
leaked out and the senator finds him
self in receipt of letters from various
parts of the country commending his
"nerve" and expressing the view that
he has about the right sort of stuff
in his makeup.
When Senator Shively made up his
mind that a surgical operation was
necessary he confided his view to his
physician. Dr. Z. T. Sowers, who
agreed with him.
"When will you be ready to have
the toe taken off?" asked the doctor.
"This evening," answered the sen
Senator and Cabinet Minister in a Word Duel
STORMY verbal encounter be
tween a cabinet minister and a
senator of the United States furnished
a morsel of gossip here the other day.
First reports from the field of carnage
were that the cabinet minister bodily
threw the senator out of his office.
This was later modified to a duel of
Senator Ashurst of Arizona thinks
the mining laws are something atro
cious, even when properly enforced:.
When decisions are rendered under
this act he can find no expressions to
cope with the situation. One of these
obnoxious opinions was handed down
Ashurst cleared his decks
department.J ^LT?.^ S with Secretar Fisher and
he did not quote poetry or tender a
It is admitted on both sides that
Senator Ashurst was polite though
angry. The secretary was suffering
from an ingrowing grouch. Neither
used his Sunday voice.
The senator told the secretary that
in his humble judgment the decision
rendered against his constituent was
the most unjust, unsalted, unripe and
swaybacked distortion of law and com
mon sense into which he had ever
The secretary informed the senator
that the opinion was twenty karat
fine, platinum tipped, warranted to
keep at the equator and in accord
ance with law and practice.
The physician was not'prepared for
such a ready response and suggested.
that next day would be a better time.
When Shlvely arrived at the hospital
he was enjoying a good cigarin fact,
he had negotiated only about half an
Inch of It, and as there was about
five Inches of good "smoke" remain
ing, he was loath to part with it He
states positively that he had no in*
tention of pulling off any heroics, and
the only reason he clung to the ci
gar was that it happened to be a
mighty good one. He was hustled
into the operating room, and he never
flinched while the toe was being re
moved, following a light local applica
tion of cocaine.
As for his refusal to take an anes
thetic. Senator Shively claims no
credit on that account.
"There are two ways of rendering
a man insensible to pain," said the
senator. "One way is to take a base
ball bat or a big stick and hit him a
resounding blow on the head. The
other way is to give him an anesthet
ic In the first case he is apt to
have a mighty sore head for a time
after returning to consciousness. In
the latter case there will be a sicken
ing aftermath of nausea that is al
most unbearable. In either case it is
a complete knockout My personal
preference is to endure the pain while
the operation is in progress."
Tragic and Comic Elements of Officeseeking
tflNTO the sordid and often tragic
1 business of seeking public offices
there sometimes intrudes an element
of the romantic and quite frequently
of the comic," said a United States
senator from a southern state.
"Not long ago I got a letter from a
hungry Democrat, a loyal supporter of
mine, who advised me that he would
like to get the appointment of commis
sioner of the United StateB patent of
fice, but ho wanted me to understand
that this desire on his part was not
to be construed as any evidence that
he would decline the offer of postmas
ter of the village in which he lived.
Another one of my fellow citizens who
had, as I supposed, written and asked
"Did you ever try a mining case?
shouted Mr. Ashurst, after the sands
in the dictionary began to run low.
"Do you mean to insult me?"
shrieked Secretary Fisher, who was
admitted to the bar twenty-five years
It was explained by the angry sen
ator that he did not intend to Insult
the secretary, but that he really
thought the head of a great executive
department should have a little horse
sense it would not impair his useful
ness, and might prove wonderfully
helpful in mining decisions.
In turn the secretary intimated to
the superheated senator that he was
weary of scolding and denunciation.
He conveyed the impression that the
senator might find a number of suit
able climates, but all of them were
outside his office.
This broke up the party. The sen
ator backed through the door. The
secretary looked out of the window
until he saw the visitor stalking
down the street, being determined to
guard against flank movements and
This Dog Has Reasoning Power, Say Scientists
ASPER, an educated dog, eritertain
ed a party of scientists at the
Smithsonian institution the other day.
He was examined by Dr. Frank Baker,
zoologist, and Charles D. Walcott, sec
retary of the institution, and described
It was demonstrated that Jasper is
familiar with 300 words and that he
understands any reasonable command
given by his master, Dixie Taylor.
The following night Jasper was the
guest of honor at a party of scientists
given by Prof. Alexander Graham
For the edification of the Smithson
ian staff, the dog wrote on a type
writer, distinguished between "man"
and "woman," picked up bits of paper
and put them either in a cuspidor or
a waste basket as directed to. do.
"Go into the room across the hall,
find a typewriter, and write," said Mr.
Taylor to the dog.
The dog obeyed, undirected.
"Look out the window and then
push this book over," said Mr. Taylor,
placing a book on its end on the floor.
The dog looked out of the window.
It is hard to handle children with
It ought to be easy with 'kid'
my influence to get him a small feder
al Job, wrote me a second letter In an*
swer to my acknowledgment of hil
first favor, saying that I had complete
ly misconstruted his meaning. He
had not intended to apply for a minoi
place, but wanted my help to gel
named as a member of the interstate
"Every senator has these experience*
as a part of his routine work, and my
applications are not at all exceptional.
The most remarkable and extraordi
nary incident in this line that ever 1
knew of was a reversal of the regular
order. In this case a young fellow
living in one of the territories applied
for a Job as postal clerk In the railway
mail service. It happened a good
many years ago, and nobody will be
hurt by the narration at this late day.
By some curious mix-up the applica
tion went to the wrong department
and to the utter amazement of the
man and all his friends a commission
was sent him appointing him associate
justice of the supreme court of the ter
ritory. He took the office and kept
it for the full term and was, so far aa
I know, considered a very fair judge.
turned' and pushed the book over with
Jasper obeyed commands that he
had never heard before, this, a number
of the scientists said, proved that Jas*
per has reasoning power that is ab
normally developed, going far beyond
the range of pure animal instinct or
Mr. Taylor says that Jasper is "just
dog"plain everyday mongrel, half
English bull and half Italian grey
hound, two and one-half years old.
At Professor Bell's part, Jasper, act
ing under orders lifted eyeglasses
from the noses of guests and did other
stunts that he had not been trained
Very Much So.
"I've been having a bowling time.1
"What have you been doing?"
"I've been taking candy from
ASSOUAN DAM IS OPENED
Ancient Egyptian Ruins Submerged
Beoause of an Irrigation Works
Cost 7]/2 Million Dollars.
Cairo, Egypt.The khedive has
opened the gigantic Assouan Dam
works which cost seven and one-half
The work of adding twenty-six feet
to the height of Assouan Dam, which
converted the River Nile into a great
lake 350 miles south of Cairo, was be
gun in 1907. According to the con
tract it was to be completed in 1913.
The undertaking has increased the
storage capacity about two and one
half times, or about 9,375,000 cubic
feet. The extra supply of water thus
obtained will irrigate about one mil
lion acres of mainly government prop
erty, which heretofore has been ster
ile for lack of water. It is estimated
that the annual increase in the value
of the cotton crop will be twenty mil
Incidentally, the Island of Philae,
Just above the dam, will be complete
ly submerged part of the year. On
the island are Ptolemy's famous tern-
M^sH? W ISM
ft^ 1 niJBuski' JsM
Egyptian Relics on Philae.
pie and other relics of ancient Egypt.
When the erection of the Assouan
Dam was first proposed some engi
neers insisted It ought to be made
higher even though Philae would be
submerged. But classical sentiment
prevailed and it was several years
later that archaeologists were com
pelled to give way before the obvious
fact that the dam would have to be
raised before the great plan of mak
ing the desert bloom could be wholly
TOSSED BABY ON ICE TO DIE
Mother, Who Lives at Stamford, Con
fesses' She Did So Because
Child Was Crying.
Stamford, Conn.Confessing, witb
out show of remorse, that she tossed
her three-weeks-old baby on the ice of
the Rippowam river here and left it
to freeze, Estelle Strange, 22 years
old, of 6 Vista street, Stamford, was
arrested here. She said the baby was
crying and she did not know what to
do with it, so she threw it upon the
Ice, hoping some one would find it.
The infant was dead when found. The
mother told the police the father was
a Long Island chauffeur.
The young woman came to Stam
ford from Long Island last September
and went to live with her sister In
Vista street. She went to New
York recently on a visit, and the
child was born there. She returned
from New York with the infant In
The police reported that she roam
ed about the city the greater part of
the day. About 5:30 o'clock she start
ed for her sister's home. As she
walked along the Rippowam the child,
hungry and cold, cried continually.
After tossing the baby on the ice the
mother ran, never stopping until she
was out of hearing of the cries. The
infant's body was found later.
A band of white cloth around the
baby's wrist bore the name Strange.
That word led to the arrest. The
mother asserted she loved the child,
but showed no emotion.
BIRTH ANNOUNCED IN THEATER
Kaiser Resorts to Novel Method to Ac
quaint Public With His
London.The Mail's Berlin corre
spondent says the Kaiser chose a
novel method of announcing the birth
of his fifth grandson.
The audience had just assembled
at the Royal opera house when Count
von Hulsenhaseler appeared in the
royal box and, rapping forsilence with
the gold stick of office, said:
"His majesty has designed to com
mand me to inform the public that
his royal highness Prince August Wil
helm of Prussia has become the father
of a son."
An outburst of cheers which greet
ed the announcement was mingled
with the roar of guns, which at the
same moment were firing a salute in
honor of the youngest Hohenzollern
Presently the Kaiser appeared in
the royal box with his family, Prince
and Princess Eitel Friedrich, Princess
Victoria Louise, Prince Adalbert and
Prince Oscar, and the cheering broke
MAYOR TO HELP MOTORISTS
Boston Executive Would Have Public
Gasoline Tank to Sell Fluid
at Wholesale Prices.
Boston.With the announcement, of
an increase in the retail price of gas
oline to 25 cents a gallon, Mayor John
F. Fitzgerald declared he had instruct
ed the commissioner of the public
'works department to estimate the
cost of erecting somewhere In the
heart of the city a big tank, from
which owners of automobiles might be
supplied at wholesale prices. Twen
ty-fire cents a gallon is twice the
price here a year ago, the mayor de
Australia Has Torrid Wave.
Sydney, N. 8. W.The torrid ww
which is sweeping over Australia
bowed no signs of abatement At
Buola on the southern border the mer
cury jumped to 112 in the shade.
JEFFERSON CITY, MISSOURI
Founded by the Soldiers of the 62d and 65th
Regiments of the XJ. S. Colored- Infantry.
Supported by the State of Missouri. Has
Normal, Collegiate, Agricultural, Mechanical and
Industrial Courses Buildings and equipment
unsurpassed Thirty teachers representing the
best schools of the country Students from all
sections of the country. For catalogue and fur
ther information address
BENJAMIN FRANKLIN ALLEN,
^_ OF MUSIC 1
All the advantages of (be tinast and moat completely
equipped Conservatory building in the world, tbe at
mosphere of a recognized center of A rt and Itf uslc and
association with tbe masters In tbe profession are
ottered students at tbe New England Conservatory of
Music. Thorough work in all departments of music.
Courses can be arranged in Elocution and Oratory.
GEORGE W. CHADWICK. (Musical Director.
AH particulars and year book wilt be tent on application.
Knowles Building. Boys' Hall. Stone Hall. GirU Hall. Model Hone.
ATLANTA UNIVERSITY. Atlanta. G*
Is beautifully located in the City of Atlanta, Ga. The conrses of
study include High School, Normal School.and College, with manual
training and domestic science. Among: the teachers are graduates of Yale,
Harvard, Dartsmouth, Smith and Wesley. Forty-one years of successful
work have been completed. Students come from all parts of the South.
Graduates are almost universally successful. For further information,
address President. EDWARD T. WARE, Atlanta, Ga.
WILBUR. P. THIRKIELD, President.
Washington, D. C.
The Collegeof Arts and ScienceKBM.Y MIXJJSK, A. M., Dean.
The Teachers' CollegeLEWIS B. MOORE, A. M:, Ph.D.* Dean.
The AcademyGEORGE J. CTJMMINGS, A. M. Dean.
The Commercial CollegeGEORGE W. COOK, A. M., Dean.
School of Manual Arts and Applied Science
The School of TheologyISAAC &,ARK, D. D., Dean.
The School of Medicine: Medical, Dental and Pharmaceutical
CollegesEDWARD O. BAIXOCH, M. D., Dean.
The School of LawBENJAMIN F. LEIGHTON, LL. D., Dean.
For Catalogue and Special Information Address Dean of Department.
Beautiful Situation, Healthful Location. The Best Moral and Spiritual
EnvironmentA Splendid Intellectual Atmosphere
Noted for Honest and Thorongh work.
Offers full courses i the following departments: College, Normal,
High School, Grammar School and Industrial.
Good water, steam heat, electric lights, good drainage. Expenses
very reasonable. Opportunity for Self-help.
Fall Term Opens Sept. 27, 1911. For Information Address
PRESIDE NT R. W. MoGRANAHAN. Knoxville. Term.
Normal ana lnfliisinai institute
Organized July 4, 1881, by the State
Legislature as The Tuskegee State Nor
mal School. Exempt from taxation.
BOOKER T. WASHINGTON, Principal.
WARREN LOGAN, Treasurer.
In the Black Belt of Alabama where the
blacks outnumber the whites three to one.
ENROLLMENT AND FACULTY.
Over 1,500 students, more than 100 in
COURSE OF STUDY.
English education combined with in
dustrial training 28 industries in constant
VALUE OF PROPERTY.
Property consisting of 2,350 acres of
land. 103 buildings almost wholly built
with student labor, is valued at $1,250,000.
and no mortgage.
?50 annually for the education of each
student ($200 enables one to finish the
course $1,000 creates permanent scholar
ship. Students pay their own board in
cash and labor.) Money in any\amount
for current expenses and building.
Besides the work done by graduates as
class room and industrial leaders,
thousands are reached through the Tus
kegee Negro Conference.
Tuskegee is 40 miles east of Mont
gomery and 136 miles west of Atlanta, on
the "Western Railroad of Alabama.
Tuskegee is a quiet, beautiful old
Southern town, and is an ideal place for
study. The climate is at all times mild
excellent winter resort.
GAMMON THEOLOGICAL SEMINARY
ATMS AND METHODS.
The aim of this school is to do prac
tical work in helping men towards suc
cess in the ministry. Its course of study
is broad and practical its ideas are high
its work is thorough its methods are
fresh, systematic, clear and simple.
COURSE OP STUDY.
The, regular course of study occupies,
three years, and covers the lines of work
in the. several departments of theological
instruction usually pursued in the lead
ing theological seminaries of the country.
EXPENSES AND AID.
Tuition and room rent are free. The
apartments for students are plainly fur
nished. Good boai'd can be had for sevei
dollars per month. Buildings heated by
A from loans without Interest, an#
gifts of friends, are granted to deserving
students* who do their utmost in the line
of self-help. No young man with grace
gifts, and energy, need be deprived of
the advantages now opened to him in
this Seminary. For further particular*
Gammon Theological Seminary,
Washington Conservatory of
Music and School of Expression
9 02 STREET, WASHINGTON. i C.
LARGE AND COMPETENT FACULTY
Piano,Voiceand Violin, Piano Tuning.Theory Analy
sis, Harmony, Counterpoint, Fugue,Vocal Expression,.
Wind Instruments, History of Music, Methods.
Scholarships Awarded, Artists* Recitals
HARRIET GIBBS-MARSHALL, President.
GEORGE WILLIAM 00OK, Treasurer.
ABBY WILLIAMS, Secretary.
LEWIS G. GREGORY, Financial Secretary.
ANNIE E. GRINAGE.
This-institution of learning, established in 1865,
has industrial departments for both young men
and young women, as well as college, norma) nd
preparatory departments. There are also Scbools
of Law, Medicine, Pharmacy and Theology.
The facilities have recently been increased
Other improvements are being planned that will
be completed within the next two years.
Applications should be made several monlos, or
a year in advance, for it has become impossible
during the last few years to receive all who apply.
The present enrollment is over 500.
The academic year begins on the Thursday
nearest the first day of October and continues for
thirty-two consecutive weeks. The charges are
moderate. Catalogues furnished .upon application..
Address THE PRESIDENT
Shaw University, Raleigh, N.
NORTH SIDE, PITTSBURGH, PA.
A Practical Literary and Industrial
Trades School for Afro-American Boys
and Girls. Unusual advantages for Girls
and a separate building. Address
Joseph D. Mahoney, Principal.
Box. 154. North Side. Pittsburgh, Pa.
up. Why do you wash in the hardest pos
sible way? Use PEARXINE. there's no
bending over the tub. no back kinks, no
work to speak of, no wear and tear from
rubbing. Millions use PEAR-LINE. No
matter how or when you use PEAR.LINE,
or however delicate your hands or the
fabric, it is absolutely harmless. 636
Pea^rlirve is right
WANTED, A SAMARITAN.
Prone in the road he lay.
Wounded and sore bestead:
Priests, Levites past that way,
And turned aside the head.
They were not hardened men
In human service slack:
His need was great: but then
His face, you see, was black.
From the New York Independent.