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June 6, 1885 at the postofflce at St. Paul,
Minn., under act of Congress. March 3
SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 27, 1913.
ANNIVERSARY OF ATLANTA'S
Seven years have passed since the
bloody massacre of innocent Afro
Americans at Atlanta, Georgia, and
we reprint Du Bois' famous "A Litany
of Atlanta" that the race may not for
get the awful days when Colored men,
women and children were shot down
like dogs because of their race. Not
a single person who was killed had
been guilty of any crime whatever.
The massacre was caused by the in
cendiary editorials of the Atlanta
News and Journal, owned by Hoke
Smith, since Governor of Georgia and
now United States senator from that
In his gubernatorial canvass Smith
also made incendiary speeches incit
ing the Caucasians against Afro-Amer
icans and demanding that the race be
disfranchised. This has since been
done by legislative enactment.
Senator Hoke Smith is said to be
the author of the jim crow policy of
the present administration and he has
the active support of Vardaman, Hef
hn, RoddenBery and nearly every
Southerner in Congress.
Every Afro-American parent ought
to bring "A Litany of Atlanta" to the
attention of his children. Let them
commit it to memoryit is a gem of
perfect English. Let it burn into the
souls of your children so that they
may know that in its efforts to de
grade the Colored race and reauce it
to a condition not far removed from
slavery, the South does not hesitate
to murder innocent men, women and
BLOOD LUST OF THE MOB.
Just recently a Negro was lynched
by a mob at Greenville, Georgia. The
very next day it was announced that
the Negro's innocence had been com
pletely proved/the real culprit having
been apprehended and confessed.
The mob that destroyed an innocent
man will go its way undisturbed,
yet it committed hot-blooded murder
Silent God, Thou whose voice afar in mist and mystery hath
left our ears an-hungered in these fearful days
Hear us, good Lord I
J- L'sten to us, Thy children: cur faces dark with doubt, are made
a mockery in Thy sanctuary. With uplifted hands we front Thy
heaven, O God, crying
We Beseech Thee to hear us, good Lord I
J* J* We are not better than our fellows, Lord, we are but weak and
human men. When our devils do deviltry, cutse Thou the doer and
the deed: curse them as we curse them, do to them all and more
than ever they have done to innccer.ce and weakness, to womanhood
Have mercy upon us, miserable sinners I
a* And yet whose is the deeper guilt? Who made these devils?
Who nursed them in crime and fed them On injustice? Who ravished
and debauched their mothers and their grandmothers? Who bought
and sold their crime, and waxed fat and rich on public iniquity?
Thou knowest, good God I
Is this Thy justice, O Father, that guile be easier thaninnocence,
and the innocent crucified for the guilt of the untouched guilty?
Justice, 0 Judge of men I
J* Wherefore do we pray? Is not the God of the fathers dead?
Have not seers seen in Heaven's halls Thine hearsed and lifeless form
stark amidst the black and rolling smoke of sin, where all along bow
bitter forms of endless dead?
Awake, Thou that steepest I
J* J From lust of body and lust of blood
Great God deliver us I
a* d* Thou art not dead, but flown afar, up hills of endless light,
thru blazing corridors of suns, where worlds do swing of good and
gentle men, of women strong and freefar from the cozenage, black
hypocrisy and chaste prostitution of this shameful speck of dust! f\^
Turn again, OLorS, have us not to perish in our sin I
DR. W. E. BURGH ARDT DU BOIS.
A Litany of Atlanta," Published Originally in the New York In
Reprinted in The Appeal by Permission.
It is a fine commentary upon the
law and upon the ability of men to
It is especially an illuminating com
mentary on the whole race-hatred
movement. It indicates that the real
desire is to 1 'nch a Negro and not
particularly to punish the man guilty
of crime. It shows how debased a
man can become through hatred, and
makes one pause and wonder whether
civilization may work its way out on
I this continent when such savagery
1 can dominate whole communities of
Mob murder is worse than individ
ual murder, and yet it is seldom pun
In this case an innocent citizen,
supposed to have the protection of
the law, was ruthlessly slaughtered
to make a holiday for a frenzied,
shouting mass of half-crazed men,
drunk with lust for blood through a
fostering o.f race hatred. Nothing can
undo that crime, nothing give back
that life. Yet the law complacently
beholds these maniacs proceeding
about their business: and makes no
effort to apprehend them for their
It seems inevitable that some day
the government itself will have to de
vise a way to prevent this disregard
of law and justice and decency if
communities are unwilling or help
less.St. Paul Dispatch.
The foregoing editorial, which we
republish in its entirety, strikes right
at the root of the mob murder and
is one of the very best that we have
seen. We hope will bear good
The information has reached THE
APPEAL to the effect that the Indian,
Gabe Parker, who has been named as
Register of the Treasury at Washing
ton, D. C, has proved to be incompe
tent and in view of the fact that the
Hon. James C. Napier is still on the
job it seems that there may be some
truth in the statement.
ROM lust of power and lust of gold,
Great God deliver us I
J* jt From the leagued lying of despot and of brute,
Great God deliver us 1
T||,ADDRESS TffJTHE COUNTRY
By the National Indepenent Political Lea-
gue, Boston, Mass., September, 17, 1913
After a national campaign in which independent Colored voters broke
away from traditional party solidarity against the national Democratic party
lead of this League the purpose of tryingdthe experi- sing about a bettefor racialexpressed feeling between the Colore America
and the Democratic South, the National Independent League in the 6th An-
nual Meeting assembled, has no apologies to offer for the course advised
despite disappointment at the course so far pursued under cabinet officers
and in one respect by the President, a Democrat whose election the Colored
voters assisted so numerously, more so than ever for a Democrat before
The officers of this League and other leaders were not only given assurances
of no color discrimination by the Natinal Democratic Committee, which sup-
ported four headquarters to send out literature to the Colored voters asking
their vote on the assurance of justice and equal rights, but Gov. Wilson, the
candidate, by word and open letter, declared unequivocally for a course
based upon the letter and spirit of the federal constitution, on Christianity,
and "justice executed with liberality."
Cutting down almost to zero the holding of federal office by Colored
citizens under presidential appointment is not consistent with these prom-
The present policy of color segregation in toilets and working positions
in the Treasury and the Postofflce Department buildings at Washington is
such an insult, humiliation, public degradation, denial of justice, of freedom
and the right to rise by merit, that its continuance would be not only a
menace to our Republic, but an act of perfidy by the National Democratic
party whose acting committee head was none other than the present Secre-
tary of the Treasury, and of personal dishonor by the present President of
the United States.
We cannot believe tha$ this course will be persisted in by the cabinet
officers or long permitted by this Christian President.
We appeal to the National Democratic party to be true to the name
"democracy," to be a national not a sectional party, one of equal rights,
not one dominated by sectional or racial prejudice. We appeal to President
Wilson to be the president of all the people, not of a part of the people.
The Democratic party is now on trial, as to whether its leaders in the
North are to make good on their past claims that the national party was
not a mere Southern race-prejudice party, whether its bestSouthern leaders
can make good on their prophecies that support by Colored voters in the
North would lead to more friendly racial relations. The question whether
Colored men can ever safely vote the National Democratic ticket is now in
the hands of a Democratic administration, which has complete control of
the federal government. On the answer depends the future of the party as
one destined to retain power.
We call to the attention of the people of the United States and protest
FirstComplete denial of Civil Rights
for American citizens because of race and color in the Southern states,
and a partial and growing denial, in Northern states.
SecondSegregation of Citizens for Race and Color
in all public facilities and places of accommodation and resort in these
Southern states, including even libraries, street cars, and residences,
degrading system of Jim-Crowism.
ThirdUnequal and Inadequate School Provisions
in the South for Colored persons with a tendency to limit educational
advantages to elementary and industrial lines, even unequal application
of federal school appropriations to Southern states.
FourthRace and Color Segregation By or Within the Federal Government,
a policy which never approached the official stage until this admin-
istration now existing as to the public lavatories and working positions
in the department buildings at Washington under the Secretary of the
Treasury and the Postmaster General, constituting the introduction of
caste into the national government, a humiliaion of one-tenth of the
people, a violation of the principles of Civil Service Reform.
FifthDisfranchisement for Race or Color,
Because of race or colorr horrible savage practice, the full
almost universally prevalent in the Southern states in violation of the
spirit and letter of the federal law, taking away a citizen's only defense
in a Republic, not, as claimed, by a voting test, but the application of
severe tests: one the insuperable test for Colored citizens and based on
ancestry and no test for white citizens.
SixthThe Denial of Right of Trial by Jury and Substitution of Lynching
fruitdread results of all before mentioned color discrimination and
denial of the suffrage.
Such conditions demand the protest and the practical opposition of everv
patriotic citizen of this Republic, of Colored citizens for the preservation of
their rights, their liberties, their families, and very lives, of other citizens
for the preservation of our Republic form of government.
We call upon all Colored citizens to resist color oppression by agitation,
voting and every lawful means within their power.
Rev, Byron Gunner, N. Y. Dr. J. L. Johnson, Ohio W. Monroe Trotter,
Mass. Mrs. A. Truitt, Penn. Joseph Dunn, R. I., N. N. Murray, 111. Rev
R. C. Ransom, N. Y.
PROTEST AGAINST WRONG.
To submit in silence when we should protest
makes cowards out of men.
The human race has climbed on protest.
Had no voice been raised against injustice,
ignorance and lust the inquisition yet would
serve the law, and guillotines decide our last
The few who dare, must speak and speak
again to right the wrongs of many.
Jt A city lay in travail, God our Lord, and from her loins sprang
twin Murder and Black Hate. Red was the midnight clang, crack
and cry of death and fury filled the air and trembled underneath the
stars when church spires pointed silently to Thee. And all this was to
sate the greed of greedy men who hide behind the veil of vengeance
Bend us Thine ear, 0 Lord!
Jt jfi In the pale, still morning we looked upon the deed. We stopped
our ears and held our leaping hafids, but theydid they not wag their
heads and leer and cry with bloody jaws: Cease from Crime 1 The word
was mockery, for thus they train a hundred crimes while we docure one.
Turn again our captivity, O Lord I
jt jk Behold this maimed and broken thing dear God it was an humble
black man who toiled and sweat to save a bit from the pittance
paid him. They told him: Work and Rise. He worked. Did this man
sin? Nay, but some one told how some one said another didone
whom he had never seen nor known. Yet for that man's crime this
man lieth. maimed and murdered, his wife naked to shame, his
children, to poverty and evil.
Hear us, 0 heavenly Father!
Jt Doth not this justice of hell stink in Thv nostrils, O God How
long shall the mounting flood of innocent blood roar in Thine ears and
pound in our hearfs for vengeance? Pile the pale frenzy of blood-,
crazed brutes who do such deeds high on Thine altar, Jehovah Jireh,
and burn it in hell forever and forever!
Forgtoe us, good Lord: we know not what we say!
Jt J* Bewildered we are, and passion-tost, mad with the madness ot
a mobbed and mocked and murdered people straining at the armposts
of Thy Throne, we raise our shackled hands and charge Thee, God,
by the bones of our stolen fathers, by the tears of our dead mothers, by
the very Mood of Thy crucified Christ: Whai meaneth this Tell us
the Kan ghre us the Sign! pi v
Keep not thou silence, 0 God!
Ella Wheeler Wilcox.
Today we speak of Peace, of Universal Peace
Peace without Universal Justice?
Hem at Atlanta, in the Da* of Death. 9
REV- A. J. CAREY, A. M.F D. D., PH. D.
The Eloquent Pastor of the Institutional A. M. E. Church, Chicago Who
Represented the Afro-American Race at the Perry Centennial and
Who Had the Manhood to Protest Against the Wrongs
of the Race and Demand a Square Deal.
Special Correspondence THE APPEAL.
The Centennial of the Battle of Lake Erie was celebrated September 10
about thirty miles from Sandusky, Ohio, on the spot where one hundred
years ago, Commodore Perry won his famous victory. Ex-President Taft
was the principal speaker.
Rev. A. J. Carey, A. -M., D. D., Ph pastor of the Institutional Church
of this city had the honor of representing the Afro-American race at the
It is possible that it may not be generally known that 109 of the 430
seamen who fought with Perry were colored men. In his speech, Dr. Carey
brought out this fact and also called attention to the bravery and heroism
of the race in all the wars for the protection and preservation of our country
and said the colored man had won the right to a square deal. He made a
strong appeal to the American people to turn the most effective forces of
American life upon injustice and unrighteousness and truly said that these
enemies of our country must be conquered or they will conquer us.
Dr. Carey's speech is a message to the American people from the great
body of intelligent Afro-American citizens who are not satisfied with present
conditions and believes protesting against wrong. Pleading for a fair
chance, he said: "We ask nothing more than a fair chance and will be
satisfied with nothing less."
Caucasians who were present say that Dr. Carey's speech was easily the
most effective delivered at the celebration. He was enthusiastically received
and was frequently interrupted by deafening applause: That even Southeners
appreciate true manhood when exihbited by an Afro-American was shown
when Governor McCreary of Kentucky met Dr Carey in the crowded lobby
of the hotel, "The Breakers" the next day after the exercises, he grasped
his hand and said, 'While I do nto agree with everything you have said/
I admire the manhood displayed in your utterances."
GEMS FROM DR. CAREY'S SPEECH AT THE PERRY CENTENNIAL.
American history actually teems with deeds of heroism and valor, of
dauntless courage and unwavering loyalty on the part of the "Little Brother"
in the Nation.
Today the American people are in mortal conflict with enemies far more
potent, far more dreadful than British fleet or armed cruisers, enemies which
must themselves be conquered or they will conquer us Is the "Big Brother"
really big enough for the task, for the responsibility, for the opportunity
that is his?
As a true American, one who loves his country and believes in this coun-
try's greatness and goodness, the "Little Brother" stands here today to
plead for a fair chance. We ask nothing morewe will be satisfied with
We have done and are still woing our part. We have ever been loyal
to the flagno black anarchist has ever torn the starry banner down.
But we feel that we have not had a square deal In many states we are
'disfranchised because of our race and jim crow laws disgrace the statute
books of every southern state
Efficient and trustworthy Afro-American government employes in Wash-
ington have recently been set apart from their fellows, with whom they have
worked for many years, as if they were lepers. The "Little Brother" feels
that such segregation is unnecessary, unfair, unjust, unAmerican and un-
And, now, Mr. Chairman and Gentlemen of the Commission, thanking you
in behalf of the One Hundred and Nine dauntless heroes who fought with
Perry, in behalf of the 10,000,000 Afro-Americans who love and honor the
flag, for this opportunity of speaking for them today, I plead with you that
as celebrate, we shall "also determine that the most effective forces of our
American life shall be turned upon mjusitce and unrighteousness as exhib-
ited in every form of discrimination, disfranchisement, segregation, mob-
violence and jim crowism, to the end that the day will no tbe far distant
when white men and colored men, native and foreign born, South as well as
North, shall look upon the shattered fleet of all those enemies of this great
Republic and may with truth exclaim, 'W'e have met the enemy and they
I are ours."
IT no longer blind, Lord God, deaf to our prayer and dumb to
our dumb suffering. Surely Thou too art not white, O Lord, a
pale, bloodless, heartless thing
Ah Christ of all the Pities
j* Forgive the thought! Forgive these wild,blasphemous words.
Thou art still the God of our black fathers, and in Thy soul's soul sit
some soft darkenings of the evening, some shadowings of the velvet
night. J* But whisperspeakcall, great God, for Thy silence is white
terror to our hearts! The way, O God, show us the way and point us
J* Whither North is greed and South is blood within, the
coward, and without, the liar. Whither? To death?
Amen Welcome dark sleep 1
J- Whither? To life? But not this life, dear God, not this. Let
the cup pass from us, tempt us not beyond our strength, for there is
that clamoring and clawing within, to whose voice we would not listen,
yet shudder lest we must, and it is red, Ah! God! It is a red and
J* jt In yonder East trembles a star.
4 Vengeance is mini I will repay, saith the Lord!
J* Thy "will, O Lord, be done!
J Lord, we have done these pleading, wavering words.
We beseech Thee to hear us, good Lord!
J* We bow our heads and hearken soft to the sobbing of women
and little children. &L
We beseech Thee to hear us, good Lord!
J* Our voices sink in silence and in night.
Hear us, good Lord I
J* In night, O God of a godless land!
I In silence, O Silent Godfl^J J(
Chicago, 111, September 18.
How can there be Universal
W. E. BURGHARDT DU SOI