^P Ht APPEAL KEEPS IN FRONT
l-Itasmt publish all the news possible.
1-It 4MS SO Impartial]?, wasting word*
-Its orrespondeau an able aad oaergeOe
VOL. 31. NO. 27
I THE JULY 41
Historic Building In Which
Many Signers Worshiped.
|LD Christ church, the historic
and sacred edifice in Philadel
phia where three-fourths of
the signers of the Declaration
of independence worshiped, commem
orates the nation's birthday every year
with impressive patriotic and religious
services. Representatives of the Lu
theran, Presbyterian and Episcopalian
churches, the religious bodies that were
active in the life of Philadelphia when
Independence was declared, generally
participate in the services.
Last year the services took the form
of a prayer and thanksgiving to Al
mighty God for the blessing of civil and
religious liberty. Addresses were made
by Bishop Garland, representing the
Episcopal church the Rev. Dr. William
H. Roberts of the Presbyterian general
assembly and the Rev. Dr. Edwin Heyl
Delk of the Lutheran church. The
services were conducted by the Rev.
Louis C. Washburn, rector of Old
The order of service was the one
adopted in 1785 by the church to be
used every year on the Fourth of July.
The service was attended by repre
sentatives of President Wilson, Mayor
Blankenburg, the Colonial Dames, the
Sons of the Revolution and of the Pine
Street Presbyterian church, whose pas
tor, Dr. Duffleld, like Dr. White, rector
of Old Christ church, was a chaplain
of the First Continental congress. The
clergy of the diocese in their vest
ments, with the other guests, met in
the Neighborhood House and proceed
ed into the church while the historic
OHIUST OHUBCH, PHILADELPHIA.
bells of Old Christ church were ring
ing as they did iu 17TG.
The entire church was filled with
persons who worshiped in the same
pews where knelt the churchmen and
patriots of the Continental congress.
Bishop Garland, at the conclusion of
his address, read the following poem,
written hy him for the occasion:
Lord, in thy house this sacred day
We kneel where patriots knelt to pray
They pledged anew their faith in thee,
Then took up arms for liberty.
Not in their strength, but In thy might.
They trusted to defend the right,
And thou didst guide them by thy hand
And 'stablished firm our fatherland.
God of the patriots, be our guide
Protect this land for which they died
Give us our fathers' faith in thee
To live for truth and liberty.
Here's a Patriotic Caka.
One cupful of butter, two cupfuls of
granulated sugar, one cupful of milk.
three and one-half cupfuls of flour,
three level teaspoonfuls of baking pow
der, whites of six eggs. Sift the flour
and baking powder together three
times. Add the milk and, last, the
,'gs flavor to taste. Divide the batter
into two equal portions. To one por
tion add a few drops of pink fruit col
oring. Bake in four layers. Put to
gether with a white icing Ice in white
and decorate with small red and blue
candies made to form the dates 1776-
The Magic of Pyrotechnic*.
Strange, fantastic, beautiful and won
derful things are Imprisoned by the
fireworks experts in the dull pasteboard
cases that cover their magical com
pounds, as thefisherman'sflaskof Ara
bian tradition held the mighty Afrit
The fiery dragons, clouds of light, mete
oric blazonry of stars, dazzling stream
ers and coronations of effulgence that
fill the air are so many ministers of
delight td millions on every Independ
ence day, bringing weird and startling
sensations with every fetish glimpse of
swiftly fading beauty and glory.
710 NEW MAIL ROUTES.
Rural Free Delivery Extensions to
Benefit 87350 Families.
Washington.Establishment of 710
new rural mall delivery routes to serve
82,390 families and the extension of
existing service so as to reach 15,460
additional families were announced the
other day by Postmaster General
Burleson. Nearly all of the new routes
went into operation June^15.
Enlargement and extension of the
rural service were made possible, a
post office department statement ex
plains, by a readjustment In April and
May resulting in a reduction of operat
ing expenses amounting to $511,262.
Orders are now awaiting the postmas
ter generars ^hjnatuje^ DxoyJiding^for.
new rural automobile-service In many
localities, as authorized by the last
appropriation bill. People on these
routes, when living within a radius of
twenty-five miles, will enjoy local
rates. The Qrst of the routes will go
Into operation on Aug. 1.
LIVING COST LAID TO WOMEN.
Ourand, Ex-Census Director, 8aya
Homes Lack Efficiency.
St. Paul.Dr. E. Dana Durand, for
merly director of the United States
census bureau and now in the depart
ment of economics of the University of
Minnesota, placed the chief blame for
the high cost of living on the consum
ers. And those, he said, were prima
rily the women.
"If the home continues to be reac
tionary and spurns efficiency no amount
of law or theory will alter conditions,"
he said. "Even If the women began
changing their ways now solution of
the problem will take about fifty years,
for a complete revolution in the moral
character of the public is necessary to
effectually reduce the cost of living."
NEW RAY SHOWS
HAND BEHIND DOOR
Danger of Burning Eliminated
by New Invention.
New York.After fifteen years of ex
perimentation marked by many re
verses and disappointments, Charles
H. Stanley, an electrical engineer, an
nounced that he had perfected an
ray device which will mark as great an
advance in the science of surgery and
therapeutics as the original ray of
A demonstration of the machine in
Stanley's laboratory made it appear
that the forecast by Guglielmo Mar
coni that one would some time be able
to look from one room into another
through the dividing walls is about to
Through an ordinary door an Inch and
an eighth thick and twelve feet from
the ray generated by the electrical ma
chine a reporter was able to distinguish
clearly the bones of the hand of Stan
ley moving on the other side, as well
as to see the outlines of his hand.
This test was made simply to illustrate
the immensely greater power of the
new machine over the old ray de
vices. It is only one of the improve
ments claimed by Stanley.
The principal value of the discovery
lies in the fact that the rays may be
applied to patients for extended peri
ods of time without the slightest dan
ger of burns resulting. The danger of
burns, often Incurable, has been one
of the most serious drawbacks to the
use of the old ray and often has off
set the advantages accruing.
The Roentgen rays are ordinarly ap
plied only long enough to obtain a pic
ture of the wound, fractured bone, dis
location or diseased portion of the
body on which it is proposed to op
erate. With the new rays a photo
graph is not necessary, as the rays
may be continued an Indefinite length
of time on the patient, and the sur
geon may work directly in the ray.
JESS ORDERS BIG SHOES.
Measurement 8hows the Champion Has
Olathe, Kan. Jess Willard. the
world's champion heavyweight, for
merly a cowboy in the west, ordered a
pair of "cowboy boots," sending his
measurements by mail to a cowboy
boot factory here.
The boots are number 10% of regu
lar boot width, and the calf measure
ment is twenty inches, the largest by
two Inches of any of the 130,000 pairs
of boots made by this firm, who have
been in business here thirty-five years.
Every stitch is hand sewed, and be
fore the pair is completed they will
have passed through the hands of six
teen shoemakers, each of whom does
one particular part
$2,000,000 HOUR WAR'S COST.
Total For First Year Will Be $17,400,-
000,000, Says French Economist.
Paris. Captain Edmund Tnery,
widely known as an economist, esti
mates that the total military expendi
tures for the first year of the war wHI
be 50,000,000,000 francs ($10,000,000,.
000) for the seven allies and 37,000,-
000,000 francs ($7,400,000,000) for Ger
many, Austria and Turkey. y'^iWi
This makes an average of 250,000,-
000 francs ($1,440,000,000) a month.
242,000.000 francs ($48,400,000) a day.
10.000.000 francs ($2,000,000) an hour.
He believes the economic powers of
Great Britain. Franca and Russia can
support the strain much more easily
than their opponents.
"GIVEN UP," LIVED 54 YEARS.
Confederate Veteran Left on Field Mor
Fulton, Mo.Left on the battlefield
dying with the surgeon's notation,
"mortally wounded," written after his
name, only to live fifty-four years and
die a natural death, was the experi
ence of the late John W. Davis, a Con
federate veteran of Fulton. A letter
Just received here from Joseph A.
Mudd, another Confederate veteran of
Hyattsville, Md.. tells the story as fol
"I have just seen mention of the
death in Fulton of John W. Davis. He
was a member of the grand company
of brave boys commanded by Captain
,D.,. H._JUcJntyxe,. afterward attorney
general of MissouriCompany A, Bur
bridge's regiment Ours was Company
B, and we stood side by side in battle.,
Comrade Davis was Just my age.
"At Wilson's Creek, nearly fifty-four
years ago, I saw him shot, so badly
hurt that the surgeon wrote 'mortally
wounded' after his name."
FAMOUS FLAG FOR STATE.
Colonel Proctor's "Rattlesnake" Now
Greensburg, Pa.The famous Rattle
snake flag has been transferred from
the vault of the Merchants and Farm
ers' bank in Greensburg to the state
library. Harrisburg, to take its place
among other interesting relics of Amer
The Rattlesnake flag belonged to
Colonel John Proctor's Independent
battalion of Westmoreland county. It
was made in 1775 and was carried in
the Revolution. Samuel Craig, Sr.,
who, with his three sons, John, Alex
ander and Samuel Junior, fought in
Proctor's battalion, was the color
On Colonel Proctor's death the flag
passed to the next senior oflicer, and
so on to the last survivor. General
Alexander Craig. It was bequeathed
by his great granddaughter, Jane Ma
ria Craig of New Alexandria, to the
state library at Harrisburg.
MILLION MORE TO
GET MAIL DELIVERY
Rural Route Changes Will
Greatly Extend the Service.
Washington.-Mail facilities will be
extended to 1,000,000 rural patrons be
fore July 1, 1915, without increasing
the present cost of service, according
to a statement by Postmaster General
Burleson. This, it is explained, will be
done by readjusting present rural
routes so as to eliminate duplications
and unnecessary service and by means
of the motor vehicle service authorized
Changes were authorized which,
without curtailment of service, have
reduced operating expenses $177,644.
This sum has. been utilized to estab
lish 263 new routes serving 31,041 ad
ditional families, or approximately
155,205 additional persons. Extensions
of existing service were put into effect
involving 104 additional miles of travel
by rural carriers. These extensions
serve 1,202 additional families and ap
proximately 6,010 additional persons.
In explanation of his plans Mr. Burle
"The purpose Is to enable the post
offlce department to meet Just demands
for mail service which thus far the
department has been unable to pro
vide. This can be done only by care
ful and painstaking readjustment of
existing service. Thorough survey and
study of existing conditions therefore
have been made.
"In some localities it has been found
there are unnecessary and unjustifiable
duplications and retracings of travel
by rural carriers. In other cases it
appears that unusual privileges involv
ing unnecessary service have been al
lowed. It is quite feasible to rectify
these Inequalities, and this is being
"Later we expect by utilizing mod
ern motor vehicles on improved high
ways to extend.many existing routes
at no additional cost of service. As
one of the results from this latter step
the delivery zone from important
postal centers will be doubled. Thus
families in the area immediately tribu
tary to these centers will be enabled
to take full advantage of the parcel
post as a means of transportation of
"Rural service will be extended to
every farmer reasonably entitled to it
as rapidly as the new adjustments can
LENDS AUNT $5 NOW HEIR.
Youth Will Get Part of Large Estate
Under Her Will.
Logansport, Ind.As a result of lend
ing $5 to an aunt in Greeley, Col., A.
B. Judson of this city has become heir
to a part of a large estate left by the
woman, who recently died. Attorneys
notified him that he had been named
in the will, and he is now en route to
Greeley to claim his part of the estate.
Judson had not beard from his aunt
for several years until a year ago, when
he received a letter from her request
ing him to lend her $5. He complied
with her request and received a letter
of thanks. He never beard from her
Killed 17JJ71 ltalt//,.. -"V
Dallas, Tex. A rat exterminating
contest In Texas was won by a nam
who killed 1T.071 rata.
ST. PAUL AM) MINNEAPOLIS. MINN.. SATURDAY: JULY 3,1915.
I Hi i. li III I I
THE FOURTH QF JULY
By GEORGE W. BETHUNE.
Maine, from her farthest border, gives the
first exulting shout,
And from New Hampshire'* granite
heights the echoing peal rings out
The mountain farms of stanch Vermont
prolong the thundering call,
And Massachusetts answers "Bunker Hill"
--a watchword for us all.
Rhode Island shakes' her sea wet locks,
acclaiming with the free,
And staid Connecticut breaks forth in
The giant joy of proud New York, loud
as an earthquake's roar,
Is heard from Hudson's 'crowded banks
to Erie's crowded shore.
Still on the booming volley rolls, o'er
plains and flowery glades,
To where the Mississippi's flood the tur
bid gulf invades
There, borne from many a mighty stream
upon her mightier tide,
Come down the swelling long huzzas
from all that valley wide.
And wood crowned Allegheny's call, from
all her summits high,
Reverberates among the rocks that pierce
the sunset sky,
While on the shores and through the
swales, round the vast inland seas.
The stars and stripes midst freemen's
songs are flashing to the breeze.
The woodsman from the mother takes his
boy upon his knee
And tells him how their fathers fought
and bled: for liberty, it
The lonely hunter sits hirirdown the for
est spring beside
To think upon his country's worth and
feel his country's pride,
While many a foreign accent which our
God can understand
Is blessing him for home and bread in
this free, fertile land.
Yes when upon the eastern coast we
sink to happy rest
The day of independence rolls still on
ward to the west
Till dies on the Pacific shore the shout of
That woke the morning with its voice
along the Atlantic sea.
O God, look down upon the land which
thou hast loved so well
And grant that in unbroken truth her
children still may dwell.
Nor while the grass grows on the hill and
streams flow through the vale
May they forget their fathers' faith or
in their covenant fall
Keep, God, the fairest, noblest land that
lies beneath the sun
"Our country, our whole country,' and
our country ever one."
THE SPIRIT OF INDEPEND-
E spirit of the nation is at
highest. Its triumph
over the inborn, inbred
perils of the constitution has
chased away all fears, justified
all hopes, and with universal
Joy we greet this day. We have
not proved unworthy'of a great
ancestry. We had the virtue to
uphold what they so wisely, so
firmly established. With these
proud possessions of the past
with powers matured, with prin
ciples settled, with habits form
ed, the nation passes, as it were,
from preparatory grow,th to re
sponsible development of charac
ter and the steady performance
of duty. What labors await it
what trials shall attend it, what
triumphs for human nature,
what glory for itself are prepar
ed for this people in the coming
century we may not assume to
foretell. "One generation pass
eth away and another genera
tion cometh, but the earth abid
eth forever," and we reverently
hope that these our constituted
liberties shall be maintained to
the unending line of our posteri
ty and so long as the earth itself
In the great procession of na
tions, in the great march of hu
manity, we hold our place
Peace is our duly peace is our
policy. In its arts, its labors and
its victories, then, we find scope
for all our energies, rewards for
all our ambitions, renown enough
for all our love of fame.Wil
liam M. Evarts.
China the Birthplao* of Fireworks.
The trick of pyrotechny, along with
the formula for gunpowder, was
brought to Europe from China and the
far east about the thirteenth century.
Ever since then specialists equipped
with an the resources of chemistry
have devoted themselves to this bril
liant and fascinating scenic art until
now the pyrotechnist's skill amazes and
enraptures the spectacle loving popu
lace to every civilised country
TESTS NEW GAS BOMB.
American Inventor Tries Out His
Chemicals on Condemned Cattle.
Chicago.-^-A series of exhaustive ex
periments are being conducted at Fort
Sheridan, under the supervision of
United States army officers, with the
chemical bomb recently invented by
Dr. L. R. Powzer. Condemned cattle
are the subjects. Dr. Fowzer declares
their death will be instantaneous.
A representative of the war depart
ment conferred with Dr. Fowzer, and
it developed that government chemists
have been working for a year to per
fect a bomb almost identical with Dr.
"I would not be afraid to tell any
one everything used in the bomb," said
Dr. Fowzer, "and defy production of
the bomb. The manufacturing process
is the secret I am glad the United
States government is investigating my
bomb. This country can have it for a
tithe of what it would cost any foreign
"My bomb will accomplish more to
ward eliminating war than your pleas
for peace. When,science succeeds in
making war so deadly that men will
recoil from it in horror then peace will
have made gigantic strides."
While Dr. Fowzer's claim pertains
only to the chemical properties of the
bomb, the method of loading and shoot
ing it from a cannon 1$ something
which he expects will require consider
able experiment This problem, how*
ever, seems to have already been solved
by the government The containers
and a thin steel casing have been per
fected. FRANCE'S TRADE LOSS
Suffers Greatly In Commercial
WaySince Beginning ofWar.
Washington.The war to date has
cost France more than $1,143,000,000
of her foreign trade, according to fig
ures sent to the department of com
merce by United States Consul Gen*
eral A. M. Thackara at Paris.
Of this vast amount over $800,000,-
000 was sacrificed in the first four
months of the conflict up to Jan. 1,
1916* in that period the republic also
was deprived of 900,000 tons of wheat
grown on her own soil and seized by
the German armies occupying her
northern provinces. There was, too, a
decrease in that time of 6,162 in the
number of ships arriving at and 5,196
in the number of ships departing from
In the first three months of 1915 the
loss In France's foreign trade was near
ly $344,000,000, being $411,200,000 as
against $755,000,000 in the same period
The Imports since the first of this
year have been $286,000,000 as against
$442,300,000 and the exports have been
$125,100,000 as compared with $312,-
The imports of foods fell off $3,500,-
000, those of industrial materials $160,-
000,000, while those of manufactures,
mostly war munitions. Increased over
The exports of food products de
creased nearly $7,000,000, those of In
dustrial materials over $64,000,000 and
The imports into France in 1914 to
taled $1,225,397,000 as against $1,625.-
317,000 in 1913, and the exports from
France in 1914 were $931,131,000 as
compared with $1,327,882,000 in 1913.
a decrease of $396,751,000.
The crushing extent of the blow dealt
by the war is shown by the fact that
in the first six months of 1914, before
hostilities, France's foreign trade in
The tendency of the war toward eco
nomic exhaustion is indicated by the
fact that the decrease in imports and
exports was almost entirely in mate
rial for the industries and hi manu
The United Kingdom suffered less
than any other nation by reason of the
decrease In French trade, and the Unit
ed States .came next The Belgian
trade was almost entirely destroyed
through the occupancy of that king
dom by the German armies. The ship
ments from Belgium to France in 1914,
before the war, were valued at $60,-
405,000. while the shipments after the
war began, up to Jan. 1, 1915. were
HE WANTS AN INDIAN WIFE.
Requires Not Beauty or Grace, Only
Pendleton, Ore.The following is
taken from the East Oregonian:
"Wanted.An Indian girl with means
by a young man with forty acres of
If there is a daughter of the Cay
uses, the Umatillas or Walla Wallas on
the reservation who is tired of the wijr
wam of her father and who would like
to pass up the young braves who are
angling for her hand and land and ally
herself for life with a paleface she
need wait no longer. The opportunity
is herewith tendered her.
William Hadenfeldt of Rupert Ida
Is looking for her. In fact be is so bent
on his desires that he has enlisted the
aid of the paper to discovering her.
In the local column will be found bia
ad. He gives his age. weight height
and shade, also his landed wealth. He
does not show himself to be a particu
lar man. He requires not beauty or
grace to the girl he wants. His only
specification is that she most bare
HABIT SAVES MAN'S LIFE.
When He Heard "Right" Would Be
Suicide Changed Aim.
Los Angeles, Cal. Habit saved
George Lee, forty-five, recently when
he plotted against his life. He placed
the muzzle of a revolver in his mouth,
put his mind in order for the end and
was pullinj? the trigger when he heard
lome one call "Right!"
It was a word used more frequently
than any other in his work in a down
town grocery. There Lee was accus
tomed to carry packages across a long
room. Several persons were similarly
occupied, and when they would meet
going in opposite directions, the one
with a load on his shoulder would al
ways cry "Right!" The right hand of
the other would go up in signal that he
would observe the rules of the meet
ing, for the contents of the boxes were
fragile and any interference might
cause a loss that would be deducted
from their wages.
While his finger was drawing at the
trigger, from outside came the clear
call "Right!" voiced by chance to the
conversation of passersby.
From habit Lee's right hand started
to lift in signal, thefingerreleased the
trigger, and the shell exploded, but the
minor twitch that bad come when be
heard the word of warning switched
the aim so that the bullet left a barm
less wound in his cheek. Persons who
heard the shot rushed to the room and
took Lee off to the receiving hospital,
where his wound was dressed and his
spiritB revived by the promise that a
job would be given him.
VILLAGES IN EUROPE
ARE RUN BY WOMEN
Weaker Sex, Forced by Neces
sity, Takes Up Odd Callings.
London.Owing to the war women
are taking up many odd callings to
make^ up for the shortage of men, but
in the country women have always
done whatever lies nearest to their
In the village the butcher, the baker,
the candlestick maker, may all bo wo
men, and there is at least one small
town in Devon in which women form
the chief business element The prin
cipal hotel is run by a woman and her
daughter a woman deftly cuts the
joints and orders her son about
A bakeress bakes the nicest bread,
and her daughter trudges far into the
country wlthftwo baskets slung on her
back, a picturesque figure of the fe
male worker. The wine merchant is a
woman who worked up a nice little
business, while a chemist's shop is
owned by a woman, to say nothing of
the trades which are to be found every
where, sweetstuff shops, fancy shops
and the like.
France, being a country where uni
versal service is the rule, is nowadays
depending largely on the work of wo
men, but even in the times of peace
there were places where they were the
chief citizens. At Froissy, in the de
partment of Oise, most of the public
appointments are held by women and
will be until their present holders die.
There is a postmistress instead of a
postmaster the telegraph department
is run by a woman a station mistress
directs the porters at the local station
a lady barber cuts the hair of the com
munity, and the town crier also tacks
"ess" on to the name of her calling.
In most cases these posts were held
by husbands or brothers, and the vil
lagers considered their female relatives
were their legitimate successors. This
is also partly the case in the English
town mentioned, although in some
cases daughters have succeeded moth
ers to the general satisfaction.
Another French community is also
directed by women, not by chance, but
by custom and necessity. This is the
rocky Island of Ushant dreaded by
sailors, which breeds a hardy race of
seamen engaged either in the French
navy or mercantile marine or to fish
ing, the work on land being done by
In Russia a community of seven vil
lages with long names is entirely ruled
by women. Each village possesses a
mayoress, and'the offices of magistrate
and policeman and postmasterto fact,
every administrative postr-are also fill
ed by the gentler sex. Some fifty years
ago a bad epidemic occurred, and the
men made such a muddle of affairs and
behaved so badly that the women took
over the government to save them
selves from starvation. So successful
were they that they have continued to
direct affairs ever since.
BLIND WINDOW CLEANER.
"Earns His Living," 8ays Owner of
Belplt Wis.Totally blind as a re
sult of a railroad accident near Mil
waukee seven years ago, John Gibson,
forty-eight years old, is earning bis liv
ing by scrubbing floors and washing
windows at the Transient hotel to Be
loit The proprietor of the place says
Gibson is earning his living as well as
any full sighted porter he ever had.
The man does this cleaning work en
tirely by tiie sense of touch and a sys
tem of mental measurements and cal
culations. There is nothing in his work
to denote disability.
M8even years ago,M
Mr: Gibson said.
"I was working on a railroad near Mil
waukee when an explosion occurred In
some blasting powder/ When I left
th+ hospital I waa totally Mfcii."
$2.40 ?W YEAH.
WOMEN'S PART IN
They Had Glorious Share In Win
ning American Liberty.
has said that in every wo
breast there lies the possi
bility of great heroism. What
she can do when put to the test
Is amply illustrated by the events of
history, not alone in our own country,
but in all others.
Anecdotes of women of the Revolu
tion, showing what they did and what
they suffered in so doing, happy in the
thought that they were serving the
country they loved, are positively
One wonders how many young worn,
en of today would offer themselves to
carry a message from one army to an
other across a country fairly bristling
with hostile troops when not a man
could be found intrepid enough to take
a letter from General Greene to Gen
eral Sumter. Emily Geiger, a frail
young girl, undertook the task and set
out on horseback on a sidesaddle She
was intercepted on the second day
of her journey by Lord Rawdon, who
had her locked up until a Tory matron
could be found to search her person.
By this unusual consideration Lord
Rawdon lost his coveted information,
for as soon as his back was turned she
ate the letter, bit by bit! When even
tually released she succeeded in reach
ing her destination, where she wae
able to give her message orally, if
not in true military and documentary
style. In consequence Sumter soon
joined Greene's army. Emily later
married a wealthy planter.
'The fascinations of women have sel
dom been used to better advantage
than upon a certain afternoon shortly
after the retreat from New York, when
ONB OF COLUMBIA'S DAUGHTERS.
a troop of British soldiers were de
tained at the bouse of a Mrs. Murray,
who gave them cake and wine and
such sprightly talk that they remain
ed two hoursjust long enough to al
low General Putnam, the last to leave
the city, to make retreat across the
dangerous highroad on which the Brit
ishers were loitering. Think of the ex
citement of this little Quaker when
she realized that by her subterfuge she
had saved a part of the American
There is no doubt that we owe our
present wealth and ease to the cour
age and resourcefulness of the early
American woman quite as much as to
the efforts of the men. She was the
mother of those great men whose in
tellects were the backbone of the
American nation. It was her sacrifice
and nobility that made it possible for
them to be what they were. Their
Uvea are her eternal panegyric their
works the undying proclamation of her
power. FROM A JULY 4 SPEECH
BY PRESIDENT WILSON.
Every patriotic American is a man
who is not niggardly and selfish in the
things he needs that make for human
liberty and the' rights of man, but
wants to shareit with the whole world.
And he is never so proud of the great
flag as when It means for other people
as well as himself the symbol of lib
erty and freedom. I would be ashamed
of this flag if it ever did anything out
side of America that we would not per
mit it to do inside of America. We
stand for the mass of the men, women
and children who make up the vitality
of every nation.
The world la becoming more compli
cated every day. Therefore no man
ought to be foolish enough to think he
understands it and that is the reason
why I am so glad to know there are
tome simple thing* in the world. One
*of those simple things la principle.
Honesty la a perfectly simple thing.-
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