J. .ADAMS, EDITOR AND PUBLISHER
8T. PAUL OFFICE
No. 301-2 Court Block, 24 E. 4th st.
J. Q. ADAMS, Manager.
No. 2812 Tenth Avenue South
J. N. SEL.LERS, Manager.
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June S, 188n at the postofflce at St. Paul.
Minn under act of Congress, March 8.
SATURDAY, JULY 10, 1915.
ELIMINATING TH E HYPHEN.
The chief feature of the Independ
ence day celebration, at Washington
this year was the launching of a cru
sade to eliminate the hyphen from
Americanism. A great mass meeting
was held at the foot of the Washing
ton monument. Commander John S.
Moore, U. S. N. retired, presided. Mr.
"There has been much said and
printed recently about hyphenated
Americans. We are gathered here
today to launch a crusade that is na
tion-wide, to make the celebration of
Independence day and Americanization
day go hand in hand for all time, and
to wipe out forevermore the hyphen in
In St. Paul and Minneapolis hund
reds of newly naturalized citizens and
hundreds whose citizenship is of
longer standing repeated the oath of
allegiance and all over the country
"Americanization" programs were car
ried out, the object being to bring all
people of the United States into closer
unity and a common understanding of
American citizenship and American
This Is an opportune time to call
attention to the fact that there are
more than 10,000,000 native Americans
who for many years have been treated
as aliens because they are darker in
complexion than the aliens who have
become naturalized. The Supreme
Court of the United States has re
cently decided that the efforts of the
south to nullify their votes are null
and void and that they are citizens
The colored citizens are native
Americans with several generations of
American ancestors and there is ab
solutely no reason why they should
be differentiated in any way from any
other citizens, native or naturalized.
It is well to erase the hyphen and
the word "negro" as a racial name for
colored^ Americans ought to Vptted
out at the same time, iorever.?*?
"IMEGROS" AND MULES NOT
The British steamer Armenian sunk
recently by a German submarine, car
ried, besides her regular crew, 106
men who were signed aboard her to
attend to the 1,422 mules which the
ship was carrying for the use of the
English army in the war zone.
The Associted Press dispatch stated
that nineteen of the muleteers were
white men and gave a list of their
name and addresses and continued:
"Besides these nineteen white men
there were 87 negro muleteers."
It was evidently not considered of
sufficient importance to waste money
telegraphing the names and residences
of the mules orthe "negro" mule
NO CREDIT DUE SOUTH.
It is sickening to read some of the
slush written by colored men anent
the recent Grandfather Clause deci
sionthey give the south credit for
the decision and slop over in their
praise of the "Southern Christian
As a matter of fact only three of the
nine justices are southern men the
other six being of northern birth. The
south deserves no credit whatever.
The case was so clear that even the
southern justices did not care to risk
their names going down in history
with the opprobrium which attached
to Justice Taney in the Dred Scott
Therevis no reason why the south
should be lauded except the bootlick
ers would be unhappy unless they
United States Senator John Sharp
Williams has been proclaimed "Mis
sissippi's most distinguished states
man" by a committee appointed by
Gov. Brewer of that state at the re
quest of the president of the Panama
Williams' stock in trade is abuse of
his colored fellow citizens who consti
tute about one-half of the population
of Mississippi. The committee did
well to select John Sharp Williams,
because he is a true exponent of the
Mississippi idea It may be a surprise
to many people to learn that when
racial questions were discussed in
Congress, Williams was more vehe
ment and vitriolic in his denunciation
of one-half the people of his state than
that other Mississippi saint, James K.
Northern people had conceived the
idea that "Jimkay" was the champion
negrophobist of Mississippi, but he
couldn't fool the committee of disting
uished white citizens of that more or
less grand commonwealth.
"GRANDFATHER LAW DECISION."
The Supreme Court of the United
States has decided that the Oklahoma
and Maryland legislation aimed at re
stricting the colored vote is unvalid.
The decison was unanimous.
The decision, in short, was that it is
a violation of the fifteenth amendment
for a state to select arbitrarily a date,
such as 1866, and provide that persons
not qualified to vote on that date or
whose ancestors were not so qualified
are barred from voting or must sub
mit to voting tests not required of
The court further held that election
officials who sought to enforce such
clauses could be held amenable to law
for denying persons a right to vote,
and that such officials could not dis
regard the fact that the fifteenth voted
amendment had stricken out of state
THE SIN OF SILENCE
To *ln by silence when we should
protest makes cowards out of men.
The human race has climbed on pro
test. Had novoice been raised against
injustice, ignorance and lust, the in-
quisition yet would serve the law, and
guillotines decide our least disputes.
The few who dare must speak and
speak again to right the wrongs of
many.Ella Wheeler Wilcox.
THE MAN WHO DARES
I honor the man who in the con
sclentious discharge of his duty dares
to stand alone the world, with ignor
ant, intolerant judgment, may con
demn, the countenances *f relatives
friends grow bold, but the sense of
duty done shall be sweeter than the
applause of the world, the counten
ances of relatives or the hearts
law the word "white" as a qualification
For more than fifteen years the
"grandfather clause" has been insert
ed in constitutions of Southern states.
The most popular form has been to
exempt from educational and property
tests for voting those who could vote
about 1866 or 1867 or 1868, thus leav
ing the tests to apply to those who did
not vote at those dates.
In Maryland the clause was inserted
in laws governing elections in various
cities. In 1908 it was inserted the
law governing municipal elections
the city of Annapolis. It authorized
the registration as voters of all taxpay
ers of the city assessed for at least
$500, all duly naturalized citizens, all
male children of naturalized citizens
21 years of age, and "all citizens, who
prior to January 1, 1868, were entitled
to vote in the state of Maryland or
any other state of the United States at
at a state election, and the lawful male
descendants of any person who prior
to January 1, 1868, were entitled to
vote the State of Maryland or in
any other state of the United States
at a state election."
John B. Anderson, William H. How
ard and Robert Brown, colored, of An
napolis, were responsible for the test
case Among counsel for them was
former Attorney General Charles J.
Bonaparte, of Baltimore. Election of
ficials of Annapolis refused to register
these colored men so that they could
vote in a municipal election. The re
fusal was based on the fact that they
could not qualify under the "ancestor"
rule. A civil suit for damages was in
stituted against Charles E. Meyers and
A. Claude Kalmey, the election ofl&
cials who barred them from registry.
The United States circuit court for
Maryland returned a verdict for nomi
nal damages against the election offi
cials and in favor of the colored men.
The court held that under the fifteenth
amendment they had the right to vote
at all elections. The election officials
demurred, claiming this amendment
did not apply to state elections. The
court overruled the demurrer and the
officials appealed to the United States
The Oklahoma grandfather clause
provides "That no person shall be reg
istered as an elector in this state, or
be allowed to vote in any election
herein, unless he be able to read and
write any section of the constitution
of the State of Oklahoma but no per
son who was, on January 1, 1866, or at
any time prior thereto, entitled to vote
under any form of government, or who
at that time resided in some foreign
nation, and no lineal descendent of
such person, shall be denied the right
to register and vote because of his
inability to so read and write sections
of such consititutions."
The government's contention was
that the clause necessarily divided the
voters of the state into two classes,
literate and illiterate, and while there
was no discrimination' against any lit
erate citizens, there was no discrimi
nation against the illiterate ones,
namely, those illiterate whose ances
tors did not have the right to vote
prior to January 1, 1866. The govern
ment conceded that Oklahoma was ent
titled to apply a literary test to its
citizens as a basis for suffrage, but
that the manner in which it was
plied made the whole clause unconsti
The government also contended that
as suffrage was a political, not a natu
ral right, the words "entitled to vote"
tltrted, and the hearts of
of the grandfather clause," the'govern
ment attorneys argued, "is to exclude
practicallysjali illiterate colored men,
and practically no illiterate white men,
and from this its unconstitutional pur
pose may easily be inferred."
The government argued that if the
clause was unconstitutional in so far
as it deprived colored voters of their
rights, it must he unconstitutional in
TOO EARLY TO THROW Uf HATS.
The colored people of the country
should not get excited over the "Grand
father Clause'* decision of the Su
preme Court.The millenium has not ar
This is certain that the South will
endeavor to find some means to keep
colored men from voting. The literary
and property tests are in effect in
nearly every Southern state and al
though they will be overcome eventu
ally, for many years to come, colored
men will be prevented from voting by
the registrars who control the situa
tion. They will decide that the voter
is not qualified no matter how intel
ligent he is.
Already in Oklahoma immediate
legislative action is advocated by the
leading Democratic papers and poli
ticians to correct the "evil."
The colored man has not yet gotten
back to the ballot, but he's on his way.
JAPANESE OUTWIT CHRISTIANS.
The wily Japanese have "put another
one over" on the fakers who are en
deavoring to propagate jimcrow Chris
tianity in the dominions of the Mika
The Japanese government has
adopted a proposal made by the gover
nor-general of Korea to eliminate the
teaching of Christianity from every
Korean school, denominational or un
Bishop Bashford, who represents the
Methodist Episcopal church interests
in Korea has returned to the United
States and will present to President
Wilson an appeal that he protest to
Japan against the action which bars
bible instruction from denominational
The act already passed gives ten
years for the closing of the schools,
but those who have read it and are
familiar with the situation say it may
be only five years until the denomina
tional schools will be closed for the
Jaaanese government has planned to
establish shintoism, which elevates
the Mikado to the position of supreme
ruler, and makes the state religion the
One of the recent demands made on
China is that Buddhism must be taught
in the schools of the "Flowery King-
dom." The Chinese, poor weak people
that they are were beginning to ac
cept Christianity, but the Japanese,
great according to western Christian
standards, in a strong army and navy,
efficient instruments in killing their
fellow men, realize that the introduc
tion of Christianity would mean the
crushing of the yellow man, have de
termined to prevent Asiatics from tak
ing the viper into their bosoms. Not
only must Asia be kept for Asiatics but
an Asiatic religion of some kind must
be kept for the people.
The Japanese have seen the dismem
berment of Africa by so-called Christi
an nations. They know that millions
of black people were stolen from their
homes by Christian traders and sold
into Christian slavery in Christian
America. They know that Christian
colored men, born in the United States
are denied their rights of citizenship
by Christians of another color. Anti
Japanese legislation in California and
other western states tells them what
they may expect from American Chris
tians. The Japanese are a wise peo
ple and in limiting Christian activity
they have probably saved their coun
try from destruction.
NO JIMCROWISTS NEEDED.
More than two hundred colored men
are applicants for presidential ap
pointments under President Wilson.
A few are high class men, but we fear
he majority are lacking in one vital
Many have made it known that they
gladly accept a place with the
understanding that it would be run
along the color line. They have
agreed that they would segregate the
colored employes in their offices. It
is 'disgusting to think that there are
must necessarily refer to the laws un- such cattle on earth, but THE AP-out
der which "the ancestors" lived, not PEAL has it on reliable authority that
the actual fact whether the ancestors such is the'case.
The necessarry effect and Operation recognition. They would work great
Such men should not receive official
people as a whole. Seg-
regatlo too great a price to pay
for political appointment and if any
such brute is appointed by the Presi
dent the colored people of the country
ought to see to it that his confirmation
The few colored Democrats who
have the ear of the Administration
should adopt the slogan: No recom
mendations for jimcrowists. It would
be better that the colored people re
mained without representation than to
have a cowardly cur in the place.
And (better still: If Bishop Walters
and others who are presumed to have
pie prefer justice to offices and that it
would please them better to have the
ban of segregation lifted than to have
a dozen appointments.
ri Such an action would be a public
service worthy of the highest praise
and would mean undying fame for the
power with the Administration would years ago, colored troops were allowed
tell the President that the colored peo-1 and maintained. One one these
men who did it. privileges that are justly his and which
Will they have the moral courage to would embitter *ny other race but the
BALL THROWING GAMES
FISHING *'UN FACTORY
It is amusing to see in a number of
colored papers the announcement that
a negro has been elected an alderman
in Chicago. There is absolutely no
truth in the statement. Oscar De
Priest who has been elected is a col
ored man and more white than black
He should be called just what he is
a colored man.
Do not be satisfied with jim crow
accommodations in any public place
It is criminal lor a colored man to
advocate separate public schools, sep
arate public libraries, separate public
play grounds or separate public insti
tutions of any kind. There can not
be two standards of citizenuhip in a
The Louisville News is making a
great fight against segregation of res
idences and tells the colored citizens
that they can help by refusing to be
segregated in other walks of life.
Segregation is wrong whether in a
dive or a church and any church
which practices it is no better than a
The colored people who have been
in this country for many generations
are Americans and they ought to be
Americans. To call themselves
"negroes" means to be set aside from
other Americans. The very word
"negro" spells segregation.
Must Judge A Group by Its Best.
(From the Christian Register, Boston,
No one can be said to know any
class of people who has not been in
intimate and sympathetic relation with
the best as well as the worst of the
class. We compare many persons
who live in the South, and think they
know the colored race, with others
who have had no such contact, but
who have come into intimate and sym
pathetic relations with large numbers
of that race whom their Southern
friends have never known and of the
two sets of people we should say that
the second knew the colored people
better than the first They know aspi
rations among them that the others
do not know, or, knowing, do not
enter into and appreciate they know
capabilities by direct contact with the
best of the race which others are obli
vious of, they know qualities which
only respect and sympathy can bring
they know possibilities to which
others by their very acquaintance are
blinded. If those who know the col
ored race through the mass and by
observation merely could know what
individual possibilities are demon
strated in growing numbers of the
olect, and would be courageously can
did with themselves, they would re
vise their judgments and possibly sof
ten their prejudices. At any rate,
they ought to credit to those on whom
they charge ignorance of the colored
race the values that come from know
ing how many of that race are the
equal of any members of the dominant
race in the highest abilities and in the
clearest aims. No estimate is worth
much which does not take people at
Embitters All but Docile Negro.
(From the Savannah Tribune.)
In many of the Southern States,
states disbanded the colored troops.
Georgia was better orgonized than any
of the other states, and was the last
to disband the cdlored trops. In event
of war, especially of any duration, the
colored man will be badly needed, but
has he been trained or has he been
encouraged to take up arms to fight
in defense of his country? He has
been proscribed and debarred of many'/
t- x, r.Jfa&A it.\3ajft&ai
On Beautiful White Bear Lake
SPLENDID PAVILION WITH DANCE HALL
Motorboats leave Park Dock at frequent intervals for trip around Lake. Fare 25 Cents.
Motorboats also can be chartered for special parties at reasonable rates.
How to Go to Wildwood Park From the Twin Cities
FROM ST. PAULTake an Electric Train at Seven Corners Terminal for Wildwood Park.
FareEach Way, 15 Cents, or 10^ Cents with transfer from any St. Paul Local Line.
FROM MINNEAPOLISTake any Interurban Car for St. Paul and transfer to Train for
Wildwood Park. Fr om St. Paul-Minneapolis or Como-Harriet-Hopkins Lines transfer at
Seventh Street. From Selby-Lake or Snelling-Minnehaha Lines transfer at Seven Corners
Terminal. FareEach Way, 20 Cents, or 15 Cents with transfer from any Minneapolis
Returning from Wildwood Park, passengers for Snelling-Minnehaha Cars must transfer at
Duluth Avenue. To Minneapolis-St. Paul or Como-Harriet-Hopkins Cars, transfer is best made
at Robert Street and to Selby-Lake Cars at Seven Corners Terminal.
A. W Warnock, General Passenger Agent, Twin City Line?. Telephone Cedar 2616.
Office Phone Cedar 8760.
I GET THE
Popular Prices, in Music froCOUNTERS.p.m07:3ot5
Special Dinner on Sundays from 11:30 a. m. to 3 p. m., 75 cents.
Experienced Dancing Teacher will give FREE instruction in the latest
st(ps to classes Every Day Except Sunday, from 1:30 to 2:30 P. M.
Exhibition Dancing and regular program from 2:30 to 5 P. M. Every
Day Except Sunday. Music by Minnesota State Orchestra.
Free Orchestral Concerts on Sundays at 3 and 8 P. M.
Other Good Time Features at Wildwood Park
Wildwood Park Is theTwin Cities' Ideal Picnic Resort
Beautiful Picnic Grove with Fine New Shelter Pavilion and Kitchen
POSTAL PHOTO GALLERY
SWINGS SHOOTING GALLERY
of the season by
The Barge with the Best Dancing Flow on the River
Thursday Eve., July 15
J. H. Sherwood, Chairman
M. L. Barksdale S. L. Ransom
TICKETS 50 CENTS
Boat leaves the foot of Jackson street at 8:30 P. M.
^Formerly secretary to Congressman Stevens)
A ff* S
IF I WORK FOR YOU-
experience long and practical.
facilities are anijple,'
My equipment is modern 4\l
"Fifth and Jackson Sts
Res. Phone Cedar 8246
$* ?*& rV^
You will save your time yl '^'*v*rV
You will save your patience ,1. j% *i
I WILL SAVE YOU MONEY. *&&<S8f **X/4
TS BANK BfmLDISGi^
ST. PAUL Hit
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