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SATURDAY, OCTOBER 12, 1918
MARBLE INDEX OF A MIND.
The statue of General Kirby Smith,
of Florida, who fought against the
Union in the Civil War, now graces
Statuary Hall in Washington It has
been placed just in front of General
John Stark, of New Hampshire, the
Revolutionary hero of Bennington,
who fought for the establishment of
the nation which Smith and his
brothers-in-arms sought to destroy.
Gazing at Smith across the hall, with
the front of Jove himself, is Daniel
Webster in cold marble, the gift of
Massachusetts to the Republic Web
ster's words have seared themselves
into the memory of every true Ameri
can, "Liberty and Union, now and
forever, one and inseparable." Kirby
Smith finds company in Statuary
Hall, and if the South continues in
control of Congress much longer it is
predicted that if the stone replica of
Jeff Davis is finally set up there he
will find a working majority among
his Confederate cronies. Florida
might well have selected Stephen R.
Mallory, United States Senator, de
ceased, who did much good work for
the Republic, but evidently Florida,
as well as the rest of the South, feels
that the opportunity is here to pay
tribute to the memory of the Southern
secessioners. The statue of President
James Buchanan is also in course of
erection at the Capital of the nation.
The rapid extension by the Ad
ministration of government owner
ship over our industries is being haled
with glee by the Socialists of the
country. Mr. James G. Phelps Stokes,
one of the leaders of that party, gives
voice to these sentiments: "The
American people, I am convinced,
will give increasing support to our
present government in its course of
taking over one great essential indus
try after another for public use in the
interest of all the people." The So
cialist leaders know that, although
they are not being permitted the
privilege of carrying into effect their
pet theories of Government, it is be
ing done just as surely by those in
control of affairs at Washington. The
SSte eTryij efe^
PLAN FOR ORGANIZING COLORED AMERICANS TO SEEK WORLD
A National Colored Equal Rights Representative Congress at Washington to
Elect Race Petitioners to be Sent to Intercede for Full Democracy
for Colored Americans in the World Peace Adjustment.
Adopted at 11th Annual Meeting of National Equal Rights League in Chicago
Sept. 19. 1918. and Offered to the Colored American People.
The time having come in the dispensation of Almighty God when by and
through a terrible world war of blood and devastation the doctrine of world
democracy has become the slogan and avowed policy of Allied Nations in
two hemispheres, and Colored Americans being still the victims of caste
discriminations of the most drastic kind with regard to civil and political
rights and even the right to life itself, an historic and imperative call has
come to Colored America to exhaust every peaceable means to bring to pass
the end of the undemocratic condition in which they alone, of all citizens live
the country which is the moral leader and military savior of the Allied
Nations. Hence the National Equal Rights League to carry out the vote of
this body to have the cause for the enjoyment of full democracy by Colored
Americans presented at the world peace negotiations and that such repre-
sentatives may be the chosen delegates of Colored America, shall call a Na-
tional Equal Rights Representative Congress at the National Capitol on or
after January 1st, 1918, to elect such peace petitioners for this, the only group
denied democracy in the U. S. A.
Delegates to this Representative Congress shall be elected on the follow-
ing basis: Every Colored community is hereby invited and authorized to send
delegates through the organization ofcorresponding Equal Rights Leagues.of Every suche
league already or hereafter organized shall be entitled to send one delegate
to this representative assembly and an additional delegate for each 50 mem-
bers over the first 50. Every local religious, labor, civic, fraternal organiza-
mentt fo this representativeem assembly1.
The registrationa for delegates shall be one dollari.*
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1 Sec y, W. Monroe Trotter, 34 Cornill, Boston, Mass.
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JoKa tauart Mill.
Wm. Monroe Trotter, Mass., Chairman Rev B. P. Maddox, 111.
Rev. A. A. Burns, Ga., Secretary.
J. T. M. Graham, Tenn.
Rev. A. C. Powell, N. Y.
Jos. H. Stewart, D. of C.
Rev. B. J. Prince, 111.
Rev. R. Little, Miss
Dr. Wm. Howard, So. Car.
B. Coleman, Mo.
I W IeipSnUw'
son, national lecturer to co-operate with the organizer
difference is one of name only. The
result is the same as it would be if
acknowledged Socialists were in the
saddle. CONVERT OTHER ISSUES LIBERTY
BONDS AT ONCE.
The privilege of conversion which
arose in consequence of the issue of
4^4% bonds of the Third Liberty
Loan will expire on November 9 th
and under existing law cannot be ex
tended or renewed. Holders of these
4% bonds lose nothing by exercising
the privilege of conversion and gain
Yi% interest per annum. Holders of
4% bonds should not wait until the
last moment to exercise the privilege
of conversion but proceed to do so
promptly. Delay will result in over
burdening the banking institutions of
the country and the Treasury De
partment by making it necessary to
handle all conversions at the last
moment, and may result in the loss
of the privilege of conversion alto
Holders of coupon bonds are
strangly advised to request issue of
registered bonds in order to protect
themselves against the risk of loss,
theft and destruction of their bonds.
GRASP THIS OPPORTUNITY.
The shortest road to a commission
in the army is through the student
army training corps in colleges and
Aside from this opportunity to se
cure a commission membership in
this corps, practically guarantees a
place in the army, whether as com
missioned or non-commissioned offi
cer, mechanic, or infantryman, in
which a man can render his largest
service to his country.
Men in Class 1 may enter provided
they have not been selected for draft
before induction into this corps, and
those who have registered under the
new draft may be accepted before
they are actually classified in the
Youths or older men should send
in applications at once to the school
of their choice and take course ^ag-
riculture, chemistry, commerce, engi
neering, journalism, law, letters, sci
ence, pharmacy, or any other course
taught. This is a great opportunity.
The student, by voluntary induction,
becomes a soldier in the United
States army, uniformed, subject to
military discipline and with the pay
of a private ($30 a month). They
will simultaneously be placed on full
actire duty, and contracts will (be
made as soon as possible with the
colleges for the housing, subsistence
and instruction of the student sol
Officers, uniforms, rifles and such
other equipment as may be available
secretary the leagu
the rights of Colored Americans shal
^su the call and make the aTrange
chairman of executivCe committee of the District of Columbia branch and the
democracy for Colorede
elect the race petitioners forth
N. S Taylor, Miss.
E. T. Morris, Mass.
Rev. J. D. Gordon. Cal.
Rev. Wm. B. Baber, Mich.
Lee L. Brown, Ky.
Edw, Richardson, Okla.
Rev. IE. W. Moorel,a Ohio.
H. DM. Prowd, Cal.
NEWLY ELECTED OFFICERS 1918-1919.
E1 W. Moorer,' Columbus, Ohio N S Taylo
Greenville,, Miss. 2ndSvice-prejs., Rev. A. Clayton Powell, New York, N.
Washington, D. Chaplain, Rev. B. J. PnnBe, Chi
rms, Edw. Richardson, Arcadia, Okla. Mrs. Ida B.
Publicity Chairman and Rev. S. R. Gip-
will be furnished by the War Depart
ment, as previously announced.
The student-soldiers will be given
military instruction under officers of
the army and will be kept under ob
servation and test to determine their
qualifications as ofllcer candidates,
and technical such as engineers,
chemists and doctors. After a certain
period, the men will be selected ac
cording to their performance, and as
signed to military duty.
Students enrolled in the S. A. T.
will not only be serving their country
in a manner suggested by the federal
government, but they will be in a posi
tion to improve their condition for
future war or peace work and will
grow more and more efficient servants
of the nation's cause with each month
of college training.
As any man who desires to join a
"Student Army Training Corps" may
select the university or college he pre
fers we suggest that Minnesotans
have one of the best institutions in
this country right at their door in the
University of Minnesota, where al
ready 3,200 applications for admission
have been made and it is estimated
that the enrollment will reach 4,000
Get in before it is too late.
SOUTHERN COLORED LEARNING
At the meeting of American Bank
ers' Association at Chicago, R. S
Hecht, vice-president of the Hibernia
Bank and Trust Co., New Orleans,
"Never in their history have the
colored people of the South been so
prosperous. The average earnings
of farm hands have been doubled,
while the pay of colored men in other
labor has increased still more. As a
result, in the delta country of the
Mississippi, from Memphis to the
gulf, you will find thousands of col
ored men driving their own automo
biles, and not Fords either, for a
large part, but those of makes cost
ing from $1,000 to $1,500. The Lib
erty loan has appealed to their emo
tionalism, and as a result I look to
see the colored people more thrifty
and a greater aid to the community."
FOR JUSTICE WITHIN.
In a recent address at Washington
Bishop Charles Gore of Oxford, Eng
"It is necessary that we crush Ger
many, but it is also necessary that
the allies convince the workers that
they are fighting not only tor the
overthrow of their foes from without
but are as well fighting for liberty
and justice to all classes, creeds, and
colors within. If with the overthrow
of Germany this is not accomplished
the war will only have been partially
won. This is the thought I am try-
r: 4 ^^y^xyaccia
ing to get into the minds of all the
people with whom I come in contact.
"We must have it thoroughly un
derstood that militarism is but a nec
sity of the moment and in no sense a
permanent institution. Democracy
under a military system is an impos
OUR WAR INTENTIONS.
"We intend what our forefathers,
T& rounders of this Republic, in
tended. W in America believe our
participation in this war to be the
fruitage of what they planted. Our
case differs from theirs only in this,
that it is our inestimable privilege to
concert with men out of every nation
what shall make not only the liberties
of America aacura, but the liberties
of every other people at well.
"There can be but one issue. The
settlement must be final. There can
be no compromise. No halfway de
cision would be tolerable. No half
way decision is conceivable.
"The blinded rulers of Prussia
have roused forces they knv/~lUtlt
offorces whleh can never be
crushed to earth again for they
hare in their heart an Inspiration
fad a purpose which are deathless
and of the very stuff of triumph."
From the President's Mount Vernon
BY THE MIDNIGHT OIL.
Have you read the speech of Sena
tor Lawrence Y. Sherman, of Illinois,
entitled "Unofficial and ^Personal
Government," delivered in the United
States Senate recently? If not, write
for it without delay, be you man or
woman. In it you will find mordant
comment on our Government as at
present conducted, and what lead up
to it, which will put you on your toes
ready for a sprint to the ballot box
to vote for a termination of such a
condition of affairs. The language
of the speech is forceful and inimita
ble fearless and illuminating It
deals chiefly with one Col. E. M.
House, erstwhile a popgun colonel
and politician in the State of Texas,
now the ringmaster of the political
circus in Washington, to whom the
Democrats bow low, and lower still,
when he cracks the whip. Quota
tions from a book ascribed to this
man, given by Sherman, will indicate
the program he has in mind to over
throw American institutions and
make of United States industrialism
a politically-owned monstrosity. The
speech may be secured by writing
Senator Sherman at Washington, D.
C, for a copy. It will make you sit
up in fbed o'nights.
HOLD YOUR LIBERTY BOND8.
Don't let your Liberty Bonds, get
away from you. Hold onto them, even
if you may be tempted to dispose of
In the first place, the government in
tended them for YOU. The Liberty
loans were designed as people's loans.
In order to finance the war the gov
ernment must have the support of
ALL the people. It was intended that
you keep the bonds and not trade
them or sell them.
Promiscuous selling tends to depre
ciate their value, and that is what the
German agents here would like to do.
Not only is it your patriotic duty
to retain these bonds, but in doing so
you are laying up something for a
rainy day. The Liberty loans and the
Was Savings Stamp issues have done
more to encourage thrift in America
than anything ever before attempted.
They have made bondholders out of
thousands of people who never in
their lives until now had made an in
Crafty and unscrupulous individuals
are using every means to entice these
bonds out of the hands of their own
ers. One method is offer in ex
change for Liberty bonds stock certi
ficates in fly-by-night companies,
worth only the gold paper they are
printed on, and represented as return
ing a much higher rate of Interest
than the government securities.
Those who are not familiar with stock
values should beware of such offers.
There are other methods, some
savoring of the goldArlck variety
others just within the limits of the
Liberty bonds are the safest invest
ment In the world. If you MUST dis
pose of them, you would do well to
consult your banker.
THE CENSUS GRAB.
While the Census bill was under
discussion in the House, Representa
tive John O. Cooper of Ohio, sought
the adoption of an amendment that
would have taken from the Democrats
some, at least, of the enormous
amount of patronage they will exer
cise when that measure is put into
effect Aa it now reads all census
supervisors are to be appointed by
the Secretary of Commerce upon rec
ommendation of the Director of the
Census. Of course that means that
practically ell will be Democrats. Mr.
Cooper would have given the Oon
greaemen a voice in mafrftiy recom
mendations for appointments in their
own districts. Ba bis views pro
Tailed Rapvbifoan districts would
have stood a chance of having their
Inhabitants recorded by Republican
supervisors. But Mr. Cooper's amend
ment met with disfavor from the
party in control and was defeated.
WAR WELFARE WORK.
The decision of the President of
the United States that there shall be
one giant campaign for the support
of the various American Army Wel
fare organizations has joined the Y.
H. C. A., T. W. C. A., American Li-
ESfLfflaifl^L iju inn
brary Association, Salvation Army.
War Camp Community Service, Jew
ish Relief Board and the National
Catholic War Council in a drive for
$170,500,000 with which to support,
war welfare work bott at home and
This is not a philanthropic cam.
paign it is a war campaign. Just
as the Liberty Loan campaign will
furnish uniforms and ammunition
and guns, so this will furnish that
other essential for winning the war
Minnesota will be asked to raise
$3,00,000. Of this $100,000 will go to
the Y. M. C. A., $30,000 to the Na
tional War Council, $15,000 to the Y.
W. C. A., $16,000 to the War Csmp
Community Service^ $3,500 to the
American Library Association. $3,500
to the Jewish Welfare Board and
$3,500 to the Salvation Army.
SOME OF THE BITS YOUR LI-
BERTY BOND WILL DO.
If you buy a $100 bond of the
Fourth Liberty Loan you are lend
ing the United States Government
enough money to feed a soldier in
France a little more than seven
months. Or you have furnished
enough money to give him a com
plete outfit of winter and summer
clothing, Including shoes and stock
ings, and slicker and overcoat and
blankets, with enough left over to
arm him with a good revolver. You
have done that much to beat back
It takes $36 more to arm him
with a rifle with a bayonet on it, and
if you buy a second $100 bond you
furnish him this rifle and 1,000 cart
ridges for it and there will still be
enough of your money left to pur
chase a good-sUed bomb to throw
in a dugout, or demolish a machine
gun together with the Huns oper
ALABAMA STANDS PAT.
The renomination of Congressman
Huddleston, of Alabama, after the
President had asked for his defeat
need not be taken as an endorsement
of what Huddleston stands for. It
it more likely a rebuke to the Presi
dent for trying to control an elec
tion. This is still a republican
form of government, with three sep
arate and distinct branches, the most
important of which is the legislative.
The people recognize this, and they
will tolerate no executive dictation,
in election of Senators and Repre
sentatives. To establish the prece
dent of defeating a man because he
meets the displeasure of the Presi
dent would be to make subservient
tools of a considerable number of
members of Congress. This, of
course, the people of the country do
not want done. They want men,
not rubber stamps, in Congress.
Huddleston voted wrong a good
many times, but it is no worse to
be wrong than to be a mere non
entity, a puppet, an echo, a rubber
stamp, a messenger, or any other
kind of a lackey for somebody else.
ONLY HALF ADJOURNED.
The Lewisburg (Pa Saturday
News very pertinently remarkB that
the announcement that "politics ig
adjourned" has not been accompanied
by the appointment of a Republican
to a place in the cabinet, nor the ap
pointment of Republicans to fill any
of the offices of customs collector,
etc. No, and the administration has
not made full use of the abilities of
such men as Roosevelt and Wood.
Nor has it acknowledged its obliga
tions to the late Augustus P. Gard
ner, one of the pioneers of prepared
ness. Perhaps politics is only half
BONDS OF THE FOURTH
Bonds of the Fourth Liberty
Loan are now being turned out by
the thousands daily by the Treasury's
Bureau of Engraving and Printing.
The bonds are similar In form and
design to those of the third loan, and
space has been left on each bond for
Insertion of the exact terms of the
It is believed that a sufficient num
ber of the bond* will be ready to
make poesible Immediate delivery of
all bonds of the fourth loan as they
In spite of the recent order of the
War Industries Board that their dia
pers must be smaller, the patriotic
babies of the country will continue to
do their bit for the winning of the
war. Their cute little tricks will do
much toward keeping up the morale
of their parents.
A movement for woman's suffrage
is being taken up in Jamaica and is
meeting with encouragement thru
out the island. Out of a total popu
lation of about 900,000, more than
880,000 are colored, there being
fewer than 20,000 white people on
Christian Scientists have opened
welfare houses in London and Wash
ington and it is very likely that they
will be the only places where colored
soldiers will be welcomed. In many
of the other so-called welfare houses
colored soldiers are forbidden to en
It is sad to think that there are
colored men who are willing to barter
away their rights as American citizens
for the doubtful honor of being patted
on the back and called "good negroes."
THE MAN WHO DARES
"No Peace Till American Boys Are
In Berlin," He Declares.
I honor the man who in the
ntious discharge of his duty dares to
stand alone, the world, with ispiorant,
intolerant judgmesit, may oondams,
the countenances of relatives may be
averted, and the hearts oi friends frow
cold, but the sense of duty done shaM
be sweeter than the applause of the
'world, the countenances of relatives or
the hearts of friends.Charles Sumner.
COL. DEN1S0N1$ HOME
Gommender of Old Eighth iswith
Nearly Recovered from
(From the Qhicago Daily News.)
Col. Franklin Denison of Chi
cago's old 8th regiment is back home
Col. Denison was invalided out of the
"There's no use even thinking of
peace," he said today. "Since I saw
the Americans fight I know that there
won't be any peace until our men
reach Berlin. If the diplomats get
weak kneed, the boys will take things
in their own hands and keep the fight
going until the German is crushed.
That will take time, and our supreme
effort at home and abroad By put
ting forth every ounce of energy, the
war may end next summer. But it is
a long way to Berlin yet."
Col. Denison, at his home, 3132 Cal
umet avenue, is almost recovered
from the breakdown which carried
him out of the first line trenches in
the Muelhausen sector to a hospital
On Way to Front in 24 Hours.
"Within twenty-four hours after the
8 th landed in France we were on our
way to the front We were trans
formed into practically a French regi
ment, with French guns, French blan
kets, ammunition and everything ex
cept French uniforms
"Americans may be sure of one
thing It is the American army, which
has turned the tide of the war. In
the spring the morale of our allies was
low and getting lower France was
in despair But the arrival of the
American troops, the stream of thou
sands upon thousands of new, fresh,
vigorous fighting men which suddenly
started across the Atlantic, changed
the history of the war
"When the French and British saw
that we were not only coming in force,
but that we could fight, the whole
line underwent a change. The Ger
man drive fizzled before the sudden
stiffening of the allies. And the coun
ter offensive with ih Americans ar
riving thousands every day and
with the promise of millions to follow
was started and is still on
"Morale Is Splendid."
"The American soldiers feel this
and are proud of it It's for that rea
son, though, that they won't stop for
any diplomatic peace The only place
for a peace conference is in Berlm,
with the allies dictating the terms
That's the feeling on the front now.
"The morale of the American troops
is splendid Sickness is rare, and
even the casualties are small, despite
the terrific fighting in which they are
In telling incidents of the front,
Col Denison related one which illus
trated the difference between the
French and American provisioning de
partments as well as the difference
in the French and American tempera
"At one time the French sent our
regiment three barrels of light wines,"
he said "I sent it back and asked
that they send three barrels of coffee
OUR COLORED TROOPS.
(From Popular Mechanics, Chicago.)
Had it occurred to you, the univer
sal loyalty of our colored citizens?
Have you ever meta colored man in
this country who was a pro-German?
Do you even know anyone who thinks
he has actually seen one? I have
personally made this inquiry in the
South, in New England, on the Pacific
roast, and here at home in the central
West, and have arrived at the firm
conviction "There ain't no such ani
mal" as a pro-German American col
When the big war started and Bern
stoff let loose his long and carefully
prepared plans of arson, bombs,
strikes, and general confusion in this
country, one of the most dastardly
schemes on which his boss depended,
was an uprising of the nine million
colored people in the South The ef
fort was well organized, bountifully
supplied with money, was operated
great secrecy, and at first was
carried on outside the larger southern
cities All sorts of impossible rewards
were promised the blacks were to
own and rule the South every sort
of poison lie was used to tempt the
colored people into a revolt against
the whites. It was expected and
hoped this revolution would keep this
country busy for the duration of the
war Of all this people in the North
heard very little.
To the everlasting credit of the col
ored people they refused to be led into
the trap, and like the proposed revolu
tion in India and Egypt and some
other countries, the plot miserably
At last we entered the war What
then of the colored man? When vol
untary enlistment was offered, he re
sponded promptly and in large num
bers During the Civil War, it was
no infrequent part of a northern gen
eral's report of a battle that "the col
ored troops fought bravely The re
ports which are reaching us of the
colored troops in France include more
than "fought bravely"they fight
Yes, the colored troops are still
WALLER AGAIN8T "NEGRO."
Noted Brooklyn Dootor Says It Causae
Mantal and Phyaical Segregation.
(From Amsterdam News.)
Editor Amsterdam News:
Sir: I cannot too heartily congratu
late you on a recent editorial discour
aging the use of the word "Negro"
There is no greater delight enjoyed by
the white people of the United States
today than the spreading ase of this
unfortunate term. Why? They real
ise that it is the most potential fac
tor at work at the present to bring
about both a physical and mental
segregation of the people of color Its
use is on the increase only because
our speakers and writers, especially
Do Bois and Washington feel that its
repetition, ad nauseam, is necessary to
retain the good will of the masses. The
term "Negro" is not only absurdly in
accurate as applied to millions of col
ored people, but it is also alarmingly
Injurious, for the following reasons
a. It has never stood historically or
in the present, anywhere in the world,
for anything noble or uplifting Most
high-grade Africans repudiate it.
b. In Africa and out of Africa, it was
never applied to the higher types, but
to Guineas, Sudanese and Senegam
c. Its deriratiyes, "Negroism,"
grofy," and its compounds, Negro
head, Negro-fly, Negro-monkey, are all
clearly in their associations, degrad
d. Its feminine form, "Negress," is
justly and correctly used to deflme
your wife and daughter and sweet
heart, if you favor the use of the mas
e. It has been the word used by the
Southern whites for two centuries,
when formally speaking or writing
about an unworthy or criminal man
or woman of the race. For when he
speaks of the worthy he invariably
f. It is not differentiated in the mind
and thought of the whites from their
favorite and generally used (among
themselves) terms, "Negro" and "Nig-
g. As stated by an eminent Japanese
diplomat it has an unquestioned in
fluence In cutting us off from the
thought, sympathy and co-operation
of the millions of colored Africans,
Asiatic* and Islanders of the Tender
Very truly yours,
OWBN M. WALL**, D.
"Negroes and Dogs Not Allowed"
(From the Nashville Clarion)
Down in Houston, Texas are some
elevators in public buildings labeled
'NEGROES AND DOGS NOT ALLOW-
ED." Generous Classification! Such
signs as these account in such meas
ure, for the exceedingly rapid manner
in which the Colored men are depopu
lating the South. They can be neither
blamed nor censured for leaving a
town like this. They have hearts and
souls and human pride, just like the
people of other races.