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AN AMERICAN NEWSPAPER
J. .ADAMS, EDITOR AND PUBLISHER
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4 ADAMS, Manager.
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J. W. SEIXRRS. Manager.
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Minnesota, as second-clan* mall
matter, June 6, 1885, under
Act ot Congress,
March 3, 1879.
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"Any prejudice whatever will
be insurmountable if those who
do not share in it themselves
truckle to it and flatter it and
accept it as a law of nature."
John Stuart Mill.
SATURDAY, OCTOBER 2, 1920.
WILL YOU, MR. COX?
Mr. Cox, in your speech of accept
ance of the Democratic nomination
for the presidency of the United
States you failed to mention many
things which are of great import to
a greup of 12,000,000 American citi
zens and which ought to concern
every good citizen of the United
In order that you may make your
position clear THE APPEAL will ask
you a few questions.
Mr. Cox, if elected, the first thing
you can do without the "advice and
consent" of the Congress, would be
the issuance of an executive order
abolishing segregation, which is car
ried on in the departments at Wash
ington and in some parts of the coun
try without warrant of law.
Mr. Cox, if elected, will you issue
such an order?
Mr. Cox, if elected, will you favor
the enforcement of the Civil War
Amendments to the Constitution, as
well as other amendments, and soappointed
recommend in your messages to Con
Mr. Cox, if elected, will you recom
mend and endeavor to secure the en
actment of a federal anti-lynching
Mr. Cox, if elected, will you en
deavor to secure the abolition of the
Jimcrow car in interstate travel?
Mr. Cox, if elected, will you recom
mend and endeavor to secure legisla
tion abolishing the color line in the
United States army and in the United
Mr. Cox, if elected, will you restore
the colored man's .status quo so far
as office holding is concerned and give
representation in office by presiden
Mr. Cox: The things asked for are
not to secure special privileges, but
to abolish special privileges, to the
end that the .rights of citizenship may
be equal without regard to race, color,
creed or sex.
TTH "NEGRESS" AT BIARRITZ!
_. ^f^e/eL-are some things which may,
i interests the colored men who call
"-ltheji women "negresses." THE AP-
Wo c,+,.+,i t.
THE SIR OFNSILENCE
PEAL writes this for the men, be
cause the colored women never call
themselves that name. Even those
who use the word "negro," refer to
the female' as a "negro woman."
This is from Paris by Universal
"The star visitor of the week at
Biarritz is Mamie Jones, a Negress,
who sold a tiny Oklahoma farm for
$200,000 when oil was discovered on
it. She has taken a viillia on the sea
front, and, attired in the most gor
geous and colorful creations, is sur
rounded by a dozen or more ebony
Mamie spent the first night here
in the baccaret rooms at the Casino
and lost a few thousand dollars.
Thereafter she declared, "Ah prefers
craps," and has remained away from
There is probably not a word of
truth |n the foregoing, but if Mamie
prefers "craps" she is sustained by
many "modern instances." For in
stance, there is a distinguished white
craps shooter in St. Paul who has
made thousands of dollars out of his
"profession." And the game is more
popular among the white people up
in this neck of the woods than it is
among colored people.
Further, THE APPEAL read in the
papers about a month ago, that a
certain Greek gentleman, Mr. Tomo
uasandropopoulas, by name who re
sides at the Blackstone hotel in Chi
cago, which, by the way, is the last
word in swell hostelries, in that city,
cleaned up about $106,000 in a single
sitting which was' held on the
'^eenth floor of this hotel. The Chi
cago papers also said when he arrived
in Chicago a few years ago he had
exactly 50 cents in the pocket of
his torn trousers.
igan avenue, and began the practice
mated at $500,000.
white people. No, "craps" is not a
colored folks' game. It was at one
time the pastime of the most de
graded people of all classes, but it
has risen in the social scale and is
now very popular in "high society."
THANKS, MR. HAYS.
To sin by silence when we should1
protest makes cowards out of men.
The human race has climbed on pro
test. Had no voice been raised against
injustice, ignorance and lust, the in
quisition yet would serve the law, and
guillotines decide our least disputes.
The few who dare must speak and
speak again to right the wrongs of
many.Ella Wheeler Wilcox.
18 persons for the McKinley campaign
of that year. Mr. Hays said little* but
replied that the position:of THE
APPEAL was right.
Now that Mr. Hays has appointed
such a committee and has included a
prominent colored man, Hon. William
H. Lewis of Boston, in its personnel,
THE APPEAL feels constrained to
give the foregoing facts and claim
the credit for having "started the ball
Thanks, Mr. Hays. Congratulations,
In 1918 THE APPEAL first took up
with Chairman Will H. Hays of theJames
Republican National Committee of the have
appointment of an advisory commit
tee, in which all of the elements of
the party would be represented as
equal members, for the campaign of
1920. A segregated, -jimcrow commit
tee was opposed.
Mr. Hays' attention was called to
the fact that in 1900, twenty years
ago, the then chairman, M. A. Hanna,
three colored men as equal
of his 'profession." He has been sol he Japanese question ought to beChina,
successful that his fortune is esti-
Further, the Chicago papers said oppressed byU thet Unitead StateQ gov-
that games were played nightly at ernment under the laws as now inter-
the various hotels, such as the Black- preted by the ruling Democrats, by
stone, La Salle, etc., at which enor- the Democratic state governments
mous sums were staked on the "roll the murder belt of the South and by a
of the bones."
THE APPEAL will state further
that the colored patronage of thefor
hotels named is not very large, their American citizens, the action of Japan
clientele being confined principally to
members of an advisory committee of Democratic, nominee for vice presi
THE MAN WHO DARES
JAPANESE TO DEMAND RACIAL
Advices from Washington say that
the Japanese government has broad
ened the issue arising over the pro
posed exclusion of her nationals from
owning land in California, it wasemployees
learned from official sources today."
She will now insist that the United
States formally recognize the equality
of her citizens with those of any other
nation. Such recognition would take
the form of an official declaration,
similar to the one proposed at theto
Versailles conference and withdrawn
On that occasion two great Japa
nese demands were before the confer
ence. Japan insisted first upon a
statement recognizing the equality of
her race second, that Shantung with
its vast resources in minerals, its
great German developments and itsrejuvenated
10,000,000 of people be given to her,
The council compromised by giving Pew.s.'.
Shantung. Now she demands that the
United States alone give her the far
more desirable concession which the
council of nations, acting upon a plea
from Australia, expressly denied.
iie started in business as a shoe- i official circles today, that nothing
shiner, and during the day he dilli- whatsoever can be done to prevent
gently wielded his brush and polish- the citizens of California from enact-
hg. rag, raking in the coin. His the proposed land expulsion act.
evenings were spent in studystudy
ing the intricacies of "craps." At
teh end of a few years, having mas- alone
tered the game and acquired a fewj The final issue will come, it was
thousand dollars, he moved from pointed out today,' with the first act
South Halsted street to his elegant under the California law. Formal de-
qaurters in the Blackstone on Mich- ma
both by Japan and
United States it was pointed out
Such an act, Japan maintains is an
unjust discrimination aimed at herJews
of satisfaction will then be
interest to the colored
general vicious public opinion.
To the colored men who are fighting
absolute racial equality of all
demanding racial equality in a for
eign land ought to be an inspiration.
Of one blood created God all men."
"THE CONQUEST OF HAITI."
In an article in The Nation of July
10, 1020, Mr. Herbert J. Seligman gave
the awful details of the occupation of
the republic by the armed forces of
the United States. Bishop Hurst,
Weldon Johnson and others
given further details in the
Crisis and other magazines. There
seems to be no doubt that the terji
tory of a friendly country was ruth
lessly invaded and thousands killed in
the efforts to "pacify" the people. All
accounts agree that the United States
forces in their conquest of Haiti made
the German invaders of Belgium look
like a lot of pikers.
Now comes Franklin D. Roosevelt,
I honor the man who in the consci-
entious discharge of his duty dares to
stand alone the world, with ignorant,
intolerant judgment, may condemn,
the countenances of relatives may be
averted, and the hearts of friends grow
cold, but the sense of duty done shall
be sweeter than the applause of the
world, the countenances of relatives or
the hearts of friends.-Charles Sumner.
dent, who boasts that he wrote the
new constitutioa of Haiti which *was
forced uppn an unwilling people at
the points of bayonets. And
Roosevelt says that it is a "very good
The Haitians, it seems, are not so
sure about that and a delegation of
Haitians is now in the country en
deavoring to get some relief from the
encroachments of' the City National
bank of New York city, which they
claim acting under the new constitu
tion has practically gobbled up all of
the rich resources of the country.
Senator Harding, the Republican
nominee for president, 'does not ap
prove of the occupation and it is like
ly that if he^s elected he will order
the United States army and navy to
get out and allow the Haitians to run
their own country.
HARDING IN CONFERENCE.
(Editor William Monroe Trotter, in
We, the editor, have been in per
sonal conference with candidate Har
ding, It was on the Front Porch day
for the race at Marion, but in
front room of Senator Harding's of
fice, close beside his house.
We were jath President N. S. Tay
lor, and Vice-president M. A. N. Shaw,
D. J'.' We laid before Mr. Harding
those national wrongs of lynching,
disfranchisement, Jim-Crow cars and
federal segregation. In fact we pre
sented the case as determined at the
national race conference held by the
League in Chieago last April.
Mr. Harding was frank to say that
he would not cheat us in the race by
rash or false promises, that' he would
search a practicable way for relief in
the matters where Congress had ju
risdiction. But he came out positive
ly against the segregation of its own
by the federal government.
In short, in the election of Senator
Harding we i have clear promise of a
cessation of that form of race dis
crimination which now is practiced
by the federal government itself,
which is the logical point at which
begi reform and relief.
"TO PREVENT LAPSE OF PUBLIC
A "flying squadron" of 100 prom
inent Jews, business men, bankers,
educators, et cetera, will tour the
United States during November and
December "to bring the message of
Judaism tio the Jews of
Americai,v for the protection of the
tn ghout the
A prominent Jew explaining the
purpose of the campaign, said first,
"We desire to prevent the lapse of
public opinion or-legislation into a
state of unfriendliness to the Jew."
To this man, who is a "reformed"
Jew, the importance of keeping a
healthy public opinion toward the Jew
was even more important than the
revival 6 "religious interest.
Judaism is a religion. There are
of almost every nationality on
earth. While the majority of the Jews
are in Russia, Poland, Germany and
Austria, they are scattered all over
the globe, and New York has a larger
Jewish population than any other
city. There are Chinese Jews in
Japanese Jews in Japan, Indian
Jews in India and* Negro Jews in
The Jews in the United States are
not all rich, but they are represented
in all lines of business and trade and
commerce and in the learned .profes
sions, and their aggregate wealth is
enormous, but a propaganda of hate is
carried on against them by the so
called American Christians, in spite
of the fact that the Christ was a Jew.
Now if the Jews with air of their
wealth and consequent power finer it
necessary 'to fight to "prevent the
lapse of public opinion into a state of
'unfriendliness to the Jew," how much
more important for the colored people,
who have already lost many civil
rights, which are freely accorded to
the Jews, to make a determined effort
to regain them.
One sad thing about the Jewish
question is the readiness with which
the Jews join with the oppressors of
the colored people. Not all of them,
of course, but too many, when one
considers the sufferings of the Jewish
people through the ages. Some rich
Jews-, alleging- philanthropy, have
given millions to aid in the lowering
of the social status of the colored
people .because I pleased Caucasian
American Christians -and brought
profits to their bulging pockets.
Carrie Chapman Catt, president of
the National American Woman Suf
frage association, recently said rela
tive to the granting of suffrage to
women, "It is not a Republican vic
tory it is not _a.Democratic victory
it is not a woman's victory it is not
a man's victorybut an American vic-
tory." And' so it is.
Jeanette Carter, a prominent color
ed suffragist, in a recent article in the
New York "Age, says:
"The colored women,of the nation
have a, duty to perform which they
cannot-we^hjrk. They Are obligated
J&y'aJl at/^i^rroT^s heaped upon
them in class legislation and contemp
tuous "public opinion/more degrading
and humiliating to them, it appears,
than to our men, to organize for their
own protection, and the conservation
of their citizen rights,- and to use
their power of the ballot and their
power of organized agitation and pro
test to the very utmost to right the
wrongs unlawfully heaped upon them
hi -common with the men of their race.
It i& a duty, and I believe the colored serre^
women of the land will meet it wisely
THE APPEAL indorses what Miss^
says and believes that votes
of women will do much to right many
wrongs which Jimcrow colored men
have allowed to be heaped upon the
COWARDLY BISHOP REBUKED.
We reprint from te Cleveland Ga
zette, edited by Hon. Harry C. Smith,
a stalwart and outspoken champion
of the colored people, the following
rebuke to cowardly colored bishop:
BISHOP PHILLIPS WRONG
While there is much in Bishop C.
H. Phillips' pacifist Interview of last
Sunday*, in the Cleveland News-Lea-
der,* to interest .the average reader,
there is one statement to which about
all of the intelligent members of our
race will take issue and that Is his
statement that "the Afro-American
does not desire social, political or in
dustrial equality." That is not true,
bishop! In this section of the coun
try we want and, in a limited degree,
enjoy all three. In the South, our
people are asking the last two. "So-
equality" is a myth. It does not
exist among any class (race) of
Americans. It is a matter for the
individual to settle and he alone set
tles it in all cases. And many white
and colored individuals (families) in
this section of the country have long
ago settled it to their entire satisfac
tion and are enjoying the so-called
"social equality," and will continue to
do so until "the end of the chapter"
regardless of the ranting of southern
ter if not both and the laws of the
political equality, the fundamental
law of the land guarantees the lat
ter if not both and the laws of the
states are in most cases explicit when
it comes to the former. Not only
does this race of ours desire them but
it demands them and will never rest
until they are conceded in every nook
and porner of this country of ours
The Afro-American wants and must
have everything good every other
class (race) enjoys in this country if
he is to keep abreast of the times and
be able to cope with them in the
great struggle of life. In this sec
tion of the country, at least, we can
stand up and say sotell the plain
unvarnished truth and should do so
That it is not advisable for the good
bishop to do so because of his resi
dence in the South and because of the
large church interests there he rep
resents, we can understand. However,
good bishop, please refrain from giv
ing out such interviews here in
North where they do no good but on
the contrary have an effect that re
tards the progress of those of the
race in this section of the country.
Governor Calvin CooLdge, of Massa
chusetts, when notified of his nomina
tion for Vice President on the Repub
lican ticket, outlined his creed. The
paragraph rolative to colored citizens
is especially fine, and evidently sin
cere it is as follows:
"There is especially due to the col
ored race a more general recognition
of their constitutional rights. Tempted
with disloyalty, they remained loyal,
serving in the military forces with dis
tinction, obedient to the draft to the
extent of hundreds of thousands, in
vesting $1 our of every $.5 they pos
sessed in Liberty bonds surely, they
hold the double title of citizenship, by
birth and by conquest, to be relieved
from all imposition, to be defended
from lynching, and to be freely granted
(From the Boston Guardian.)
Maryland is a Border, rather than
a Southern state, at least it is not one
of the worst sort of Southern .states.
The practice which forbodes a per
petuation of color segregation in this
Republic is that of a separation of
white and colored in childhood in ac
tually public institutions, where for
all the foreigners the lesson is taught
of equality among the children. Sep
arate schools are in vogue even in
some Northern states where colored
people prefer jobs to equality and
democracy for the children.
But let no false picture be painted
of advantages. We give the educa
tional conditions for the colored chil
dren under separation in Maryland,
where even for teachers the new pro
posal gives 1st grade white teachers
$950, and colored $520 2nd grade,
whites $800, and colored $400 3rd
grade, whites $650, and colored $320.
For children it is
1. "Colored children attend school
2. "A large number of colored
teachers are just keeping school and
making a poor job of it at that."
3. "In only three counties do
find as many as seven grades. Usu
ally as many as four children twelve
and thirteen years old are found in
the first and second grade though
they have been in school for four or
five years." (From the report of the
Supervisor of Colored Schools in Mary
The Question of Segregation.
(From the Richmond Planet.)
Editor John Q. Adams endorses the
action of Editor William Monroe
Trotter in opposing the erection of a
Y. M. C. A. for the colored people.
Logically and under the sunlight of
divine justice, both Mr. Adams and
Mr. Trotter are right, There is not
the shadow of excuse for a separate
building in a locality like Boston,
Mass., where all citizens are pre
sumed to enjoy and are accorded
their civil and political rights.
The three great leaders now stand
ing forth in this attitude and main
taining this position are William
Monroe Trotter of Boston, John Q.
Adams of St. Paul, Minn., and Hon..
H. C. Smith of Cleveland, Ohio. We
can not say otherwise that under the
American flag with the full glare of
American citizenship shining in their
faces, they occupy high ground, and^
it will be the future that will accordi
to them the full recognition they de
Carrying the Color Line.
(From the New York Age.)
There is a tendency among the mem
bers of the race to be over sensitive on
the subject of color. This tendency is
of course excusable to a certain ex
tent, because of the fact that the mat
ter of color is so frequently thrust
upon them. But it would be the part
of wisdom and good policy to forget
the fact of color when possible and to
regard themselves merely as Ameri
cans and good citizens.
Such an attitude maintained with
modesty and dignity would of time
disarm the outcropping of prejudice
based solely upon color, and would in
sure the individual the same treat
ment accorded people of other races.
'HUMAN NATURE'S FOULEST BLOT.'
My ear is pained
My soul is sick with every day's report"
Of wrong and outrage, with which earth is filled.
There is no flesh in man's obdurate heart.
It does not feel for man: the natural bond
Of brotherhood is severed as the flax
That falls asunder at the touch of fire.
He finds his fellow guilty of a skin
Not colored like his own: and having power
To enforce the wrong, for such a worthy cause
Dooms and devotes him as his lawful prey.
Thus man devotes his brother, and destroys:
'Tis human nature's broadest foulest blot. Cowper.
"THE TRAGEDY OF
THE HALF MAF
(From The Chicago Whip)
THE APPEAL heartily endorses
every word of the following editorial
from our enterprising and uncompro
mising contemporary, The Chicago
Whip. What a pity that there are so
few "Whips" among the papers edited
by colored men:
The strongest races of men, and the
most indomitable characters of history
have always either uncompromisingly
demanded every scintilla of their just
rights, or, being denied the full meas
ure of attainment of their ideals have
spurned even life itself.
Patrick Henry in crying out forCamps,
"either liberty or death," voiced the
sentiment of the Pilgrim Fathers, who
preferred the unknown horrors of the
great uncharted Western ocean and
the savage-ridden land beyond to re
ligious oppression in a comfortable
But the American colored man is
apparently satisfied with the HALF
LOAF. For 250 years he was so told
that he was entitled to NOTHING
that he even enjoyed life itself by suf
france. His mind was so deliberately
dwarfed and stunted that he could not
even think to the contrary.
So well was this psychology in
grained into him, that even today, race
leaders of the old school, finding it im
possible to break from this log cabin
philosophy, "handed it down to free
He was so thoroughly robbed of his
mentality, that he complacently helped
manufacture the shot and shell which
enabled his masters to keep him in
When Liberty and Citi7en
ship were granted him, his childish
a a i the sho ilder is a surm wagy ocfaprovok
ing resentment on the part of therule
other fellow, while a calm and un
concerned demeanor, with proper in
sistence on the same sort of treatment
and accommodations furnished the
public in general is more likely to win
acceptance and secure proper, recogni
Colored people should endeavor to
forget their color in public places and
regard themselves solely as an inwithout
tegral part of the body politic, with
the same rights and privileges and the
same duties and responsibilities as
any other class of citizens. New York
is a good place to practice such a pol
icy as a cosmopolitan city where every
person is so intent on his own pursuits,
that so long as the other man or
woman does not tread on his toes, he
or she can go his own gait unmolested.
The public places and conveyances
are open to all, with the provision that
each person's rights end where his
neighbor's begin. So there is no ne
cessity to flaunt the color line in your
neighbor's face, s& long as he is initor
different to your color and only asks
that you do not infringe onhis rights.
To Be Built Near Chicago, Illinois.
Plans for the new $,000,000 Bahai
temple on the bonudary line between
Evanston and Wilmette on Sheridan
road have been approved by the
Bahai council in New York and work
on the new structure, delayed at the
outbreak of the war, probably will
be'started in the near future
The design for a nine sided struc
of stone, with a diameter of
225 feet and a height of 180 feet,
was made by Louis Bourgeois, a New
"CIVIL RIGHTS STRENGTHEN BALLOT RIGHT"
In the first place you must at -all times, insist
upon your rights, and here I mean-not only those
already accorded, all of which are contained in
equality before the law. It is not enough to pro
vide separate accommodations for Colored citizens
even if in all respects as good as those for other
persons. Equality is not found in an equivalent,
but only in equality. In other words, there must
be no discrimination on account of color. The dis
crimination is an insult and a hindrance, and a
bar which not only destroys comfort and prevents
equality but weakens aH other rights. The right
to vote wifl have new security when your equal
right in public conveyances, hotels and common
schools is at last established but here you must
insist for yourselves, by speech, by petition and by
vote. Help yourselves, and others wilt help you.
Nor has the Republican party done its work until
this is estabfished." Charles Sumner in a letter
to a convention of Colored men meeting in Colum
bia, South Carolina, in 1872. _.
mind could not grasp their signifi
cance. He took what was given him
with a thankful heart, thanks to the
teachings of the old school.
He has not yet demanded unequiv
cally all that is due him! He fears
to refuse acceptance of the Half Loaf
and demand the WHOLE, trembling
lest he be denied any at all. With
apologetic mien and smirking smile,
he renders gratitude for Jim Crow
Settlement Houses, Jim Crow Soldiers
and Sailors' Clubs, Jim Crow Y. M.
C. A.s, Jim Crow Officers' Training
Jim Crow churches, frater
nities and politics.
He thus plays the begger's role in
spite of the fact that he has proven
himself to be an indissoluble and
indivisible entity of the whole warp
and woof of America, economic, politi
cal, military and social. He is the
economic backbone of the South He
holds the balance of political power
as he is beginning to learn. He has
always been the fangs of the American
army. His blood, suspected and un
suspected, flows in more veins than
any other one strain in America.
He is still a slave if he accepts any
thing short of the full unstinted meas
ure of recognition and respect The
New Colored American will never
again be satisfied with EQUAL
RIGHTS when they are not the SAME
RIGHTS. The NEW Colored Ameri
can, repudiating the teachings of the
old school, who led him into the quag
mire of peonage and serfdom MUST
and WILL spurn the Half Loaf and
lay hold onto the WHOLE LOAF, "so
help him God!"
York sculptor. According to H. V.
Migoligie. president of the Archi
tects' league, the temple presents the
"first distinctly new type of archi
tecture since the fifteenth century."
The Bahai sect is one of the few
religions which practice the brother
hood of man in its fullness.
Is It Fair?
(From the Monitor, Omaha.)
To stand before the God of heaven
and earth with trumpets and loud
'voice and proclaim: "Thank God we
(U. S are not as other people are
We write upon our books laws grant
ing to all our people equality." Then
write other laws abrogating the pre
vious regulations? And when you do
not think it feasible to put them in
print, simply make it an unwritten
that serves your purpose as well?
To covet your neighbor's goods
(rights) and if he should remonstrate
with you, to slay him?
For a so-called democracy to have
two or more interpretations of the
same word, each contrary to the
To assert that a man is incapable
of accomplishing a meritorious deed,
giving him an honest chance
I for a try.
To call a man whose distant parents
or parent had Negro blood a Negro
and a white man whose parents were
Indian, Malay or Mongolian a white
Editor Smith Also Outspoken.
(From the Cleveland Gazette, H. C.
A few more loyal, able, aggressive,
outspoken, fearless and unselfish mem
bers of the race like Dr Wm A
Byrd, Prof. Neval Thomas and Ed
Wm. Monroe Trotter would ac
complish more for the race in one
year than a moving-van full of the
"conservative" kind of "leaders," in
twenty years The race has been
greatly retarded in its progress, for
years, and has often lost "ground" un
necessarily because it has been so un
fortunate as to have at times bepn mis
represented by the latter. Sane "radi
cal" leaders, of the kind mentioned,
are needed more in this day and time
than ever before and what is most en
couraging is the fact that they are
slowly but surely increasing in num
ber and our people are at last begin
ning to appreciate them and what we
have set forth in the foregoing. More
power to them!