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Doughboys on the Rhine Show
Preference for Stories of
Adventure in the West.
JULIUS CAESAR A FAVORITE
Activity of Caesar in Rhine Valley
Makes Translations of His Gallic
Wars of Interest to Soldiers
Legends Also Popular.
Coblenz.Tales of adventure In the
American West are the favorite read
ing matter of the American forces in
Germany, and Zane Grey is the most
Strangely enough, Julius Caesar
runs a close second with the dough
boys, who are very keen about trans
lations of Caesar's activities in the
Rhine valley and the ruins of a bridge
he built across the Rhine, which lifts
Caesar's work out of the schoolbook
class and makes it a guidebook that
carries the Americans back Nearly
Books which describe the legends
centering about the Rhine are also
popular, especially with the soldiers
who are musically inclined and who
attend the Wagnerian performances
iven by the various German grand
opera companies which play in Co
logne, Coblenz, Wiesbaden and the
other cities near the Rhine frequented
by soldiers on leave.
Like Story Magazines.
All-story magazines which special
ize in adventures are more popular
with the American soldiers than any
other periodicals, and the American
Library association has been unable
to supply the demand for publications
of this sort.
With the assistance of the Young
Men's Christian association, which
aids the distribution of reading ma
terial in the American area, Miss Ala
Weyth, who is in charge of the Amer
ican Library association's reading
rooms, has been able to make a gen
eral poll of the reading taste of the
army and finds that foreign residence
has not won the yoUng Americans
away from fiction laid in America, par
ticularly in the West.
The American Library a'ssociation
has about 30,000 books available for
Americans, French, Belgians and Eng
lish residents of the occupied area, and
also has circulated many books by
mail to Americans living in other parts
of Germany. Three hundred copies
each of 36 American weekly and
monthly publications, in addition to a
large number of newspapers, have
been taken by the organization and
circulated through the branch li
braries at Andernach and Mayen, as
well as through the American base
hospital and the main library In
Turned Over to Y. M. "C. A.
With the beginning of 1921, the
American Library association turned
its books over to the Y. M. C. A. and
is no longer supporting the work.
The main library in Coblenz was
formerly a German officers' club and
is ideally suited to library purposes.
It has a great ballroom, which makes
an excellent reading room, and also
has sun parlors and large drawing
rooms, with many windows. Many
Germans have asked for the privilege
of using the library, but this has been
denied, as the army did not think it
advisable. One German told the li
brarian he had lived many years in
America and should really be allowed
to have books, because he was an
American "in principle."
"Let's Go" Is Foremost
Among Slogans of War
Washington."Let's go," was
the chief battle slogan of the
American army in the world war.
There were other popular and
effective phrases used by the
troops"Where do we go from
here?" and "When do we eat?"
for instance, but in the opinion
of Col. Edward L. Munson, chief
of morale, general staff, made
public recently, "for everyday
us*, in rest, or in battle, the slo
gan 'let's go' stands foremost."
Noisy Geese Give Fire Alarm.
New York.Two thousand geese,
ducks and chickens, awaiting death in
a poultry shop, chorused an alarm for
fire that caused heavy property loss
in eleven retail clothing and food
stores in the Bronx.
The unusual squawking awakened
residents of the neighborhood and at
tracted a policeman, who telephoned
fire headquarters. The blaze was con
trolled by firemen after a two-hour
Active a Century, Dies at 102.
Davenport, la.Aaron H. Gnzeman,
who would have reached the age of
1 103 on May 2 had he lived, died at
his home in Washington, la., near here
ri after being unconscious two days with
an attack of the grippe.
Take a Joy Ride to the Cemetery.
\Louisville, Ky.Funeral directors
of Kentucky'have appealed to Gov. E.
P. Morrow to have hearses classified
as pleasure vehicles and not as
tracks. There's difference of ?2 in
the license. fgjj$
CARRY 115,163 BY AIR
No Lives Lost in the Commer
Records Show a Total of 3,136,550
MileageMany Minor Accidents
and Forced Landings.
New York.A total of 115,163 pas
sengers flew 3,136,550 miles in commer
cial airplanes during the last twelve
months without the loss of a single
life, the Manufacturers Aircraft as
sociation announced here. These fig
ures are based on the performance
of 425 planes, and it is believed that
mileage would be doubled if the fig-i
ures of the 1,000 commercial airplanes
operating in this country were obtain
"In the absence of any federal sys
tem of registration, air laws and gov
ernment methods for tabulating the
ownership and performance of air
craft, it has been found difficult to
trace the total number," the associa
"The totals are based on question
naires distributed by the association,
but, due to the itinerant nature of
much of the flying, it has been difficult
to trace and record more than half of
these. This one half, by eighty-seven
companies, or individuals, are per
manently located in all parts of the
"Much of the mileage was made on
short flights of ten to fifteen miles,
for which an average fee of $12.50
was charged. An increasing demand
for aerial transportation between the
cities has been noted, the average
charge for this service being 65 cents
a mile. On practically all intercity
flights baggage or freight was carried,
the quantity limited only by the capa
city of the craft. This business ag
gregated 41,390 pounds.
"There were accidents and forced
landings, but according to the signed
reports from the eighty-seven com
panies, in the 3,136,550 miles flown,
not a single life was lost. There were
222 forced landings and thirty-eight
accidents. Chere have been fatal ac
cidents in other instances, but they
occurred in the course of stunt or ex
hibition performances or under cir
cumstances indicating that undue risk
had been taken."
FALLS 130 FEET.AND LIVES
Man Drops Into Six Feet of Water
Breaks Nothing but High Diving
San Francisco.Instead of being
center of funeral services, John War
ren, timekeeper at the Hetch Hetchy
dam building site, is trying to learn if
he holds a new diving record. He did
a drop of 130 feet into only six feet
of water and broke nothing other than
the record, if that.
There is a bucket swung on a fall
that carries out of the Hetch Hetchy
dam pit to the cliff side, and in which
it has been the practice of workmen
to make the trip down from cliff to
pit, as the empty is returning. John
was making this ride.
The bucket got tangled in a guy wire
and, of course, tilted. Before it could
clear and right itself, John was spilled
and sliding down an air current.
He hit the water either head first or
feet first. No one knows, John least of
all. When the mourners gathered to
pick up the remains John blinked,
shook his head and told the boys to get
back to work or he'd mark them up for
RAT IN HOUSE TO COST $20
British Law Imposes This Fine for
First Offense After That
London.Anybody ^discovered har
boring a rat or a mouse in his house
is liable to a penalty of 5 [$19,425 at
current exchange] under a law recent
ly enacted by parliament. If the "of-
fense" is continued he may be fined
Lieut. Alfred E. Moore astonished a
London audience by making these
statements in a lecture on "Rats,"
which he delivered the other day. The
reason why so few prosecutions had
yet taken place under the "rat act," as
it was termed, was because the board
of agriculture was waiting until the
public became more familiar with It.
Father Eloped Same Day
Two Daughters Ran Away
A triple elopement Involving
three members of one household,
none of whom knew of the oth
er's intentions, was disclosed
with the announcement that Wil
liam M. Chase of Atlantic City,
N. J., retired New Tork city
manufacturer, and his daughters,
Edith and Evelyn, had married
their respective mates within 24
hoars. Each of the three was
surprised to find that the habit
had spread throughout the fam
Hooch Blamed fop Theft"
San Antonio, Tex."Too much,
hooch!" said Judge Buckley as he lev
led a $50 fine on George Harrison for
having stolen^ forty-two-year-old mon
key from a carnival show and then
disturbing, residents near the show
grounds by ringing their door bells and
trying to sett the monkey.
Tradesmen Steadily Break Exclu
siveness of Noted Residence
District of New York.
MRS. VANDERBILT LEADS WAY
New Exclusive District Expected to
Spring U^p in Section Where
Fight for District.
New York.Stealthy but steady ad
vances by tradesmen, covering a period
of more than twenty years, have vir
tually broken the residential excluSive
ness of Fifth avenue, known the world
over as the home precinct of the Van
derbilts, Carnegies, Harrimans, Plants,
Fricks and other wealthy families.
One by one mansions which housed
international personages and gave to
Fifth avenue much of its glitter and
fame are surrendering to commercial
enterprise, and the rich are seeking
homes in new "exclusive" parts of the
city. Real estate men, who have
watched with interest this aggression
of trade, say that another decade will
have wiped out the last bit of residen
tial exclusiveness in the avenue.
Mrs. Vanderbilt Moves.
The 'change in Fifth avenue was re
flected In the recent purchase of prop
erty bordering the East river at Fifty
eighth street by Mrs. William K. Van
derbilt, Sr., where she intends to build
a home in a section known as Sutton
square. This bit of property is direct
ly across from Blackwell's island,
where a city prison is located,' and is
almost underneath the Manhattan ap
proach to the Queensborough bridge.
Real estate men expect that Mrs. Van
derbilt's migration to the.East river
will mean a new exclusive district In
a part of the city where near-slums
Mrs. Vanderbilt, who a few years
back helped to make Fifth avenue his
tory with her brilliant social activities,
said when she purchased the East
river property that Fifth avenue had
"lost its residential atmosphere, which
was its most valuable charm." Traffic
and crowds, resulting from the trade
invasion, she said, had taken away its
Wage Fight for District.
The fight to "save" Fifth avenue has
been waged since the late nineties,
when real estate men began to get op
tions on property near the magnificent
mansions. Members of the Vanderbilt
family and others owning homes there
expended millions of dollars in buying
up property in an effort to stem the
Much of this property was purchased
at exorbitant figures, and after a lapse
of years has fallen back for business
use. Hotels, banking houses, jewelry
stores, millinery and fine tailoring es
tablishments have gradually crept
aorthward along the thoroughfare.
The home which Mrs. Vanderbilt is
forsaking at Fifth avenue and Fifty
second street will become the site of a
trust company. Its sale was made pos
sible as'the result of the death of Mr.
Vanderbilt in Paris, when the house,
owned by his estate, was sold to the
highest bidder. The first actual break
in the Validerbilt holdings came when
Gen. Cornelius Vanderbilt leased his
home at Fifth avenue and Fifty-fourth
street to a shoe firm.
The residence of the late Henry C.
Frick, steel magnate, will eventually
go to the city for use as a museum.
TERROR DREAM KILLS VOICE
Family Near Death, Farmer Visions
Fatal CrashBecomes Mute and
Hair Turns White.
Onawa, Iowa.A total loss of speech
followed a dream in which H. M. Jes-
sen,,a farmer, dreamed that he saw
his wife and children mangled under
an overturned automobile.
Jessen and his family had planned
an automobile trip to Sioux City. De
tained by farm chores, he followed the
car by train and arrived In Sioux City
before his family did. Sitting in the
lobby of a hotel, be dreamed of the
Awakening, he frantically waved
his arms and opened and closed his
mouth, but could not speak. When his
family arrived they said their car had
stalled on a North Western track, and
a train came within a few inches of
the car before it stopped, narrowly
averting a fatal crash.
Jessen appears to have been strick
en permanently deaf, and his hair has
Miners Earn $5,000 a Year.
Cardiff, Wales.Some coab miners
of South Wales are being paid as high
as $5,000 a year, while wages amount
ing to $3,500 and $4,000 are fairly com
mon. Despite this, the government
is having difficulty in collecting income
taxes from the miners. Last year
nearly 15,000 of them were summoned
for non-payment, but only 12 Of this
number were committed to prison*^
Boy Given Life Sentence.
Wheeling, W. Va.Life imprison
ment was Oie sentence passed upon
sixteen-year-old Sanraet Blevehs, for
merly of Little Bock, Ark, In court
here, after .the boy had pleaded guilty
to a charge of murder. The lad was
accused of having killed OL P. Grand
stall a car Inspector, in a shack near
Wheeling last October.
TAYLOR'S H0UN' DAW6 POVERTY SPURS
Governor of Tennessee Will Keep
Famous Animal at Home.
Would Veto Proposition for Appropri.
ation to Build Home for "Old
Limber" on Mansion Grounds.
Nashville.Old Limber the only dog
whose yelp was ever heard in a po
litical campaign in Tennessee, has not
been tempted from his familiar haunts
in the Happy valley vicinity by the
bright lights of the capital, at which
his master, Gov. Alf Taylor, is pre
Reports that Ae, Amocratic legis
lature contemplated making, an appro
priation on the mansion grounds for
a house for Old Limber, have led his I
master to announce that he will
promptly veto such a proposition, and
keep Old Limber at home.
Old Limber furnished much mate
rial for Governor Taylor's speeches
during his campaign. The governor
always gave a graphic recital of Old
Limber's prowess as a fox hunter.
"Old Limber is being well cared for
in a good home in east Tennessee and
gets three square meals a day," is the
last word from the governor on the
subject. "He would not be contented
in the city. He wants to be where he
can occasionally survey the lofty i
mountains over whose heights he has'
many times chased the fox with the
rest of the pack making music at his
heels. Old Limber is nine years old,
and is too old to run now, but he re
members and often dreams of his past
"If you have never heard Old Lim
ber in full cry," the governor contin
ues, growing more eloquent, "you have
never heard music. He is gifted in
every note, and in a chase, at one
time or another, he will let you have
all of them. You could distinguish
Old Limber's voice from the rest of
the pack eight miles away. Honest!
"That dog never lfed to me in his
life. He has never been known to
yelp on a cold trail. Whenever the
voice of Old Limber is heard, every
body knows that there is a fox*
The governor's east Tennessee home
place boasts not only "Old Limber,"
the most famous hound dog in Ten
nessee, but also a son, who has taken
his place as pack leader, and a grand
son as well.
LIZARDS MAKE AtHFOS SKID
Plague Afflicting Towns and Villages
Whiclj Border on Prairie Lakes
Winnipeg, Man.A plague of liz
ards is afflicting the towns and vil
lages which border on the prairie
lakes and sluices of Canada. At Ni
nette 2,000 lizards were shoveled out
of the basement window shaft at the
government sanatorium. In the doc
tor's quarters 60 were counted.
Motorcar drivers have to keep skid
chains on their cars, as the roads are
made slippery by a surface of living
lizards. Many of the people keep "in-
doors rathe* than venture out be
cause of the disagreeable sensation
of crunching a lizard underfoot. The
lizard is more treacherous than ba
The little reptiles, which vary from
four inches to eighteen inches in
length, travel by night only, and are
now on their annual trek from the
lakes to find suitable crevices in
which to hibernate.
Father Sells Girl for 10
Cents a Pound, She Says
Lexington, Ky.~A report from
Stanford, Lincoln county, says
that George Isaman, a farmer of
the mountain section, has been
placed in jail at Stanford on a
charge made by his daughter,
Annie, eighteen, that her father
had attempted'to shoot her. The
girl charges her father sold her
at 10 cents a pound, a total of
$15, to Joseph Zubra. When he
came to the home some weeks
later to claim his purchase, the
father was greatly displeased at
the giro's refusal to carry out the
terms of the sale and tried to
shoot her. Isaman and his fam
ily are highly respected in their
rural community, it is said. The
girl is pretty and well educated.
NEW WARSHIP IN JAP FLEET
"Nagato" Takes Place Among Largest
Fighting Vessels Afloat in the
Tokyo.Japan's latest^ battleship,
Nagato, has a dead-weight tonnage of
33,800 and can develop a speed of
23 knots per" hour. ggjT.
Its length is 660 feet. The armament
of the new addition to the Japanese
fleet Includes eight 15-inch guns and
twenty 6-inch guns. It is fitted with
four turbine engines. The Nagato
takes a place among the largest battle
ships afloat today, its 33,800 tons com
paring with the British Hood, 41,000
tons, and the American Tennessee,
Two Insane Women Form Death Pact.
MIddletown, N. Y.Coffee in which
roach powder, brushed up from the
floor, had been placed, was drank with
fatal results by Charlotte Wheeler,
thirty-seven years old, and Martha Ho
tallng, forty-five, Inmates of the state
Insane asylum to fulfillment of a sol
GENIUS OF POOR
Viennese Invent New Jobs for
Earning Living When Old
GENTEEL DANCERS FOR HIRE
Rich Man's Son and Wife Dance in
Public for PaySifters of Refuse
Find So Much Profit Capital
ists Crowd Them Out.
Vienna.The Viennese of the poor
er olasses have always been noted for
inventing queer jobs to get a living
The "carriage-door-opener" waited
for the close of theater performances
to open and shut carriage-doors for
those that drove away, who willingly
gave a tip for this voluntary service.
The "waterman" at cabstands
washed the, spokes of the wheels and
the hoofs of the horses when the cab
came ba*ck from a drive, and this use
ful work was paid for by the fare, not
by the coachman, who was too proud
to do it.
Aid for the Lottery Shy.
Outsidje- the government lottery of
fice an old'woman would offer to play
the numbers or even to advise what
numbers to play if any person linger
ing near looked too shy to enter the
"These and a great many other jobs
of the same kind no longer exist, since
Vienna has been struck down by mis
fortune and her citizens have no
money for anything but the bare nec
essaries of life.
On the outskirts of the city, where
big factories are surmounted by high
chimneys, there is still much building
ground waiting for future enterprise.
Here enormous mounds of refuse have
accumulated, consisting chiefly of
ashes and dross. Some poor woman
who could not bear \je sight of her
children shivering around the cold
Stove, may have been the first to visit
the refuse heaps with a hook and
basket in search of bits of uncon
suined coal. Her example was soon
followed, and in the course of bitter
winters the number of people grab
bing for coke increased to a small
~The next to appear on the stage of
this new profession was the capitalist,
who took over the product of the coke
grabbers' efforts and distributed it to
the channels of underhand traffic.
Some of these have already become
millionaires of course, Austrian
A very short time ago students of
the highest class in the best grammar
school of Vienna (the Schottengym
nasium) were caught in the act of
selling an enormous quantity of fire
wood (which did not exist) to a syn
dicate of bankers. The students had
formed 'a stock company and were
huying and selling on speculation to
the amount of millions.
Genteel Dancers for Hire.
In one of the most popular night
restaurants an elegant couple appears
every evening at the same hour and
Is welcomed enthusiastically by the
owner and his regular guests. These
two open the dance with a fox trot
around the room. They are generally
considered the most faithful guests of
the place. Only a small number are
in the secret of their real character.
The woman is his wife, whom he mar
ried against the will of a purse-proud'
father. The 10,000 crowns a month
paid by the father to the prodigal are
not sufficient to keep this lively young
pair in clothing and food, so they re
solved to earn their bread. But the
only thing in the world that they
could do well was to fox trot. The
exquisite way in which they danced
together in their courting days made
them generally admired. Now the
owner of the night restaurant pays
them 40,000 crowns a month, treats
them with the greatest respect as the
most honored guests of the place and
gives them an excellent champagne
supper every night. Why should boys
learn Greek and Latin, mathematics
and history when fox trotting prom
ises so much more brilliant a career?
Business ethics and morals certainly
have gone astray, but only a Pharisee
could blame this'-people on that ac
count CUTS FUSE OF BURNING BOMB
Plotters Fire on Watchman in Brook,
lyn Building Who Prevents
New Yor^A sputtering fuse, at
tached to a large square bomb in the
basement of a house in process of re
construction In Brooklyn, was cut just
In ttie nick of time by the night watch
man, Tony Franko. sj^
The fuse was" severed two inches
from the bomb. Franko was so badly
burned while hacking at the fuse-with
a pocket knife that he had to be taken
to a hospital. His condition is serf-
ons. 2% f2, "f^^ *tt fJ t*f
He told physicians that as lie went
into the cellar he saw two men, one
of whom had just lighted a match.
They ran away after firing shots at
Dentist Sent Airplane After Patient
Little Sioux, la.Insisting that Wil
liam Peterson, farmer, should nave
dental work done immediately, a
dentist of Omaha, Neb., sent an air-i
plane after him to save time for tiie
PARIS HOUSE CRISIS
Shortage of Homes Having Cu
rious Effect on Divorce.
No Place to Go for Couples Separated,
So They Just Kiss and Make Up
Not a Flat, Few Hovels.
Paris.The great difficulty of find
ing lodgings in Paris has been the
cause of many unusuaU incidents re
Divorced persons seeking separate
apartments are having such difficulty
in finding them that in one case at
least they composed their tempera
mental differences in order to keep
their old apartment.
A painter and his wife who had
been divorced by mutual agreement
were both looking for apartments.
Frequently their paths crossed in their
search for quarters. The first time,
they met^they bowed gravely but po
litely. Their mutual smile gradually
broadened as the hunt for flats nar
rowed down to a few hovels in the
i "Let's kiss and make up and go
back to our flat," the wife finally said,
and they did.
President Millerand, who recently
took possession of the Elysee palace,
received 41 applications for his apart
ment in the Avenue de Villars.
Henry Landru, who has been in La
Sante prison for the last 20 months
awaiting trial on charges growing out
of the disappearance of 11 women, re
cently was dispossessed from the flat
that lie had occupied on the Boulevard
Rochechouart, a rather sordid section
of Paris. Requests came from every
quarter in Paris, some even from aris
tocratic Auteuil, asking that the flat
A vagrant just finishing 30 days in
La Sante prison told his cellmate un
der sentence of five years for swin
dling that he dreaded to return into
cold, dreary Paris. He was homeless
'prospects of spending the winter
nights under Paris bridges did not ap
peal to him. The prisoners exchanged
clothing and cards of identity, and
when the warder called for the va
grant to send him out into the cold
world the swindler responded. The
fraud was discovered only when the
swindler's lawyer called at the jail.
BLIND IN ETERNAL TRIANGLE
Husband, Wife and Alleged Affinity,
Sightless AllMen in Battle
Atlanta, 6a.That love is blind has
just been proved in police court here
when a blind man, his blind wife, and
her alleged affinity, blind also, were
arraigned for trial following a battle
royal between the two men, after the
husband had come home unexpectedly.
Martin Strone, the husband, told the
recorder that while peddling religious
tracts in the streets a friend had warn
ed him that a rival was paying court
to his wife and that he had better go
On his arrival there he said he found
Sam Stewart enjoying a chat with the
wife. Then the fight started. Most of
the furniture in the room was wrecked,
but the combatants suffered less in
jury, due to their inability to get at
each other properly.
"One day in a dark cell in the po
lice station for Stewart," said the
judge. TEETH ARE WORTH $150 EACH
Jury Fixes Value in Awarding Dam
ages to Man Who Lost
Atlantic City.One hundred and
fifty dollars per tooth was the value
placed on the cuspids, bicuspids and
molars of Abram Froshin of Philadel
phia in Atlantic circuit court following
a trial of his suit against Michael Da
ley, a jitney owner of this city.
The total loss of Froshin was 30
teeth, and the verdict was $4,500.
Froshin and his wife were passen
gers in a jitney when the machine
crashed into a rope stretched across
South Carolina avenue. The rope
struck Froshin in the mouth and took
all but the last two kof his molars out.
Parts of the gums were also destroyed,
and experts testified that there is a
possibility that Froshin will have to
live on liquid foods the remainder of
3-Legged Wolf "Bandit"
To Be Used as Decoy
Denver."Big Lefty," the
'three-legged leader of a wolf
pack in the Crested Butte sec
tion of Colorado and whose cun
ning is blamed by stockmen for
the loss of hundreds of thousand*
of dollars of live stock, is again
In the hands of federal hunters.
"Big Lefty" escaped from a steel
traph$it years ago and, as lead
er of seven other wolves, has left
a trail of partly eaten carcasses
wherever he roamed since. The
big wolf will not be killed, but
Instead will-be used as a decoy
in an effort to trap his ollowe#s.
Fell Dead Into Grave He Waa Digging.
Decatur, Mich.Overcome by heart
disease while digging a grav** the
cemetery, Edward TooeQs, seventy
three years old, a sexton, fell dead
into the grave and waa found there-by
hln wife, h^ 1$?*%
TIME IS HERE
Only United States and Canada
Produce This Much-Prized
Product on Large Scale.
EARLY TUPPING IS FAVORED
First Runs Are Usually the Sweetest
and Therefore the Best Producers
Ten to Fifteen Trees Enough
Washington.Remember the days
when you went to the maple sugar
parties? Well, maple sugar time is
here. The sugar and sirup industry
is American and offers good commer
cial opportunities. Only the United
States and Canada produce this much
prized product on a commercial scale,
which is at once, a delicacy and a
highly nutritious article of diet.
Warm days and cold nights are es
sential to a satisfactory flow, and the
sugar content may vary considerably
from day to day. Tapping of .sugar
trees if done properly in no way in
jures the tree. Trees have been
tapped*fpr more than 100 years and
are still in good condition.
The maple is well up among the
leaders in the American Forestry asso
ciation's vote for a national tree.
Early Tapping Is Favored.
Tap early in the season, says a gen
eral bulletin, to obtain the earlier
runs, which are generally the sweet
est,'and therefore the best producers.
Makers have lost half and even more
of their crops by not being prepared
for the first run.
In general, the association points
out, the season is ready to open dur
ing the first or middle of February
in the southern section and later in
the northern regions when days are
becoming warmwhen the tempera
ture goes above freezing during the
day and at night below freezing. If
the days are very bright, warm, and
sunny the sap will start with a rush,
but soon slacken, or if a high wind
starts the flow is checked.
A thirteen thirty-seconds of an inch
(13-32 inch) bit is often used. Its di
rection should be slightly upward in
to the tree, the slant allowing the
hole to drain readily. With an or
dinary tree the hole should not be
over one and a half to two inches
deep at the best.
Apparatus for sirup and sugar
making does not necessarily repre
sent a large outlay A number of sap
spouts, either wooden or metal, are
needed. The sirup is usually gather
ed in buckets.
From ten to fifteen trees usually
will yield enough sirup for family
use to make tapping worth while, and
in many cases will afford a surplus
which can be sold at a remunerative
price. The flow of sap depends upon
the age, condition and habit of
growth of the trees, also upon the
character of the weather and con
dition of the soil during the sap-flow
Figures as to Yields.
In a good season a tree fifteen
Inches in diameter will yield suffi
cient sap to make from one to six
quarts of sirup, which in turn can be
concentrated Into two to ten pounds
of sugar. Larger trees under the
same conditon will produce corre
spondingly large yields of sirup and
sugar. All hard maple trees, eight
inches or more in diameter, may be
safely and profitably tapped for sirup
and sugar production.
This industry is not confined to cir
cumscribed areas In New England
and New York. There are many "sug
ar bushes" throughout eastern and
northeastern United States and south
to include North Carolina- and Tennes
see west to northern Missouri, Iowa
A considerable number of maple
trees of a jsugar-yielding species are
found in Washington and Oregon.
Twin Sisters Become
Mothers on Same Day
Delmonte, Cal.Mrs. Mildred
Jacques, wife of Claude Jacques
of Delmonte, and Mrs. Maud
Pierson, wife of a Monterey busi
ness man, twin sisters, are proud
mothers of girl babies born the
same day. The baby cousins
weighed respectively the same
as their mothers at birth.
BOY SETS HIMSELF ON FIRE
New York Lad Wiggles in School and
the Matches in His Pocket
Little Falls, N. Y.Pedro'Sacherel-
1L a boy in the eighth grade in the Lit
tle Falls high school, was sitting at
nls desk, wriggling, as boys do. An
other boy, sitting near him, saw a col
umn of smoke ascending along Pedro's
backbone and circling toward the ceil
ing. A* quick look revealed the fact
that matches in Pedro's pocket had
been rubbed violently enough to -set
them on fire.
Other pupils and the teacher jumped
to the rescue and Pedro's sweater was"
jerked off, the fire beat out and th%
small boy returned to his seat. A con-L^f?
sjderable hole was burned through Pe**g*jM
dro's clothe* and he was not hurt,4
though the fire extinguishers shook
him np considerably.