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SATURDAY, JULY 9, 1921.
APPEAL OPPOSES ARMY COLOR
THE APPEAL wrote the Secretary
of War for information relative to
the segregation of colored Americans
in the United States army. The fol
lowing is the reply:
Mr J. Q. Adams,
Editor "THE APPEAL,"
St. Paul, Minnesota.
I am in reecipt of your tetter of
May 14th, in which you take excep
tion to the idea of organizing colored
troops into a separate division for
National Guard service. In reply I
may say that although the separate
organization of a colored division has
not been ordered by the War De
partment for peace time National
Guard service, it is strictly in ac
cordance with the policy of this De
partment that colored units shall) be
organized into complete and separate
divisions whenever the necessity arises
for the formation of such units in
time of war. This policy is based
upon the experience gained by them
War Department throughout our
country's military history. It was
carried out during the World War in
the organization of the 92d and 93d
Divisions which saw overseas service,
and I am surprised that this plan
which met with such thorough ap
proval at the time should now
I think that you must have been
incorrectly informed as to the War
Department's attitude on this ques
tion for years is the first criticism of
this policy which we have received.
On the other hand this office has re
ceived numerous letters from colored
citizens endorsing the organization of
combat divisional units of colored
membership and objecting to the fact
that the War Department has found
it necessary (in view of limited ap
propriations and the difficulty of
training units scattered over wide
areas) to restrict for the present the
organization of colored troops in the
National Guard to those units that
operate directly under orders of the
Corps or Army Commanders and
which do not enter into the composi
tion of a division.
Very truly yours,
(Signed) JOHN W. WEEKS,
Secretary of War.
This is the reply of THE APPEAL
St. Paul, Minn., June 28, 1921.
to Secretary Weeks:
Hon*. John W. Weeks,
Secretary of War,
Washington, D. C.
I have received your letter without
date written in reply to any letter of
May 14, asking information relative
to the formation of a separate color
ed division of thef National Guard.
While I am pleased to learn that no
such organization has been ordered
for peace time, I regret to hear that
it is the policy of the War Depart-
EXIT UNCLE TOM.
character. And this is especially true
matters of race and color.
THE SIN OF SILENCE
The Bishops' Council of the A. M.
E. church, which met in Chicago,
took a strong stand against race
prejudice and acclaimed the ministry
of today as "banded together and
To sin by silence when we should
protest makes cowards out of men.
The human race has climbed on pro
test. Had no voice been raised against
injustice, ignorance and lust, the in
quisition yet would serve the law, and
guillotines decide our least disputes.
The few who dare must speak and
speak again to right the wrongs of
many.Ella Wheeler Wilcox.
ment to organize separate divisions at
any time, either in peace or war.
The matter of organizing- colored
soldiers into separate units is funda
mentally wrong, and I believe uncon
stitutional. It is a wrong which has
continued since the organization of
colored troops, but the continuation
of a wrong does not make it right.
It is a wrong, 'wfcich the World War,
fought as it "Was claimed "to make
the world safe for democracy," should
have righted. It is wrong because it
It is wrong because it takes the
colored soldiers out of their proper
places in the states in which they
live and makes them a segregated
part of the Federalized National
Guard. It denies them their rights
as citizens of their respective states
and forecs them into a special segre
gated status which is not applied to
other groups of Americans, such as
Germans, Irish, Russians, French,
Poles, Spanish, Portuguese, Danes,
Swedes, British, Austrians, Hungari
ans, Serbians, Bulgarians, Belgians,
etc. and it is not applied to Indians,
Jews, Japanese, Chinese, Koreans,
Javanese, East Indians, Burmese, and
other colored races.
If the colored man is a citizen, he
is entitled to ALL the rights of citi
zenship and this includes the right
to be on an absolute equality with
all other citizens. It is unjust for
the government to single him out
from the various elements which
compose American citizenship and
place upon him the badge of a pariah
I am sorry to learn that I am the
first to protest against this wrong,
but trust that from now on protests
may come in by the thousands, to the
end that you may be induced to
change this policy of your predeces
Very truly yours,
J. Q. ADAMS,
Editor THE APPEAL.
square on the race
sounded the death
Bishop C. S Smith, courageous man
that he is, declared amid great ap
plause, that the men of the church
have got to look the problems of the
race in the face and fight them with
the courage to do and die He quoted uT2
from the last words of JohnTown
"Without th .h-nJ^ ZZ,'l Withou the sheddinng of blood
there is no reedmption for a people
He recounted the story of the men
who had built the church by fight
ing, and of the fighting boys who
had gone overseas to help whip Ger
many. He made it clear that the
A. M. E. church wants no imore
"Uncle Tom" preachers.
CENTENARY OF MRS. EDDY.
On July 1Q, Christian Scientiste in
THE FOURTH IN "JAN JAN".
all parts of the world celebratenhe this time
centenary of the birth of Mrs. Mary
Baker Eddy, founder of the cult.
It is not necessary to be a Chris
tian Scientist to concede that its
teachings have had a wholesome in
fluence on American thought and
Possibly the people of Georgia
imagine that they are real patriots.
Anyway they* had a great Fourth of
July celebration at Union City in that
state Again perhaps they think that
they are Christians, as they opened
the proceedings! by singing, "All Hail
the Power of Jesus' Name" And
then the "jaw-jaw" began with a talk
by Senator Tom Watson, who sarcas
tically criticized the federal reserve
board, William G. McAdoo, former
secretary of the treasury, liberty
bonds, President Harding, former
President Wilson. Then came this
gem: "If your Uncle Sam has $5 000,-
000 to give Liberia, tihen he's got it
to give Georgia negroes, and if they
got it, we'd get the most of it." And
Then Governor Hardwich appeared
upon the scene He declared that the
signing of the Declaration of Inde
pendence imeant more than the crea
tion of a new nation. "It meant the
creation of a new political dispensa
tionone of equality and freedom of
man" "The right of free speech,
the freedom of the press and equality
are fundamental rights"
Hardwick talked like a genuine
American until the last lap of the
speech, when he said: "God Al
mighty made this a white man's
country and by His splendor and
grace we will keep it so." Of course
the historic fact that God made this
the Indian's country and Europeans
stole it from the Indian and also
turned it away from God, did not
worry Mr. Hardwick, he had to put
the "negro" in somewhere.
IS IT A MESS OF POTTAGE?
The President has nominated Hen
ry Lincoln Johnson of Georgia as Re
corder of Deeds of the District of
Columbia and it is the first presi
dential nomination of a colored man
made so far It is just and proper
that Johnson should receive this
recognition as he is the Georgia mem
ber of the Republican national com
mittee, and members from other
states have been given better places.
But there are intimations that
Johnson has been given this place
THE MAN WHO DARES
I honor the man who in the consci
entious discharge of his duty dares to
stand alone the world, with ignorant,
intolerant judgment, may condemn,
the countenances of relatives may be
averted, and the hearts of friends grow
cold, but the sense of duty done shall
be sweeter than the applause of the
world, the countenances of relatives or
the hearts of friends.Charles Sumner.
^.demanding that he re
l^dership in Geor
gia and, the Atlanta papers say that
the party is to be reorganized in a
way "to ensure white supremacy for
all time." And that this is to be
done by express command of Presi
dent Harding. We trust this is not
true, but await further developments.
WORK ENOUGH HERE.
Without questioning the sincerity of
the pan-African propagandists we do
not believe such work is feasible at
To use a strong expres
sion the colored people of the United
States are, "in a hell of a fix," just
And again, the colored people, of
fji- J. 1,
AfricansStates Theiare duty is at
While the orthodox Christians have money thm race caln command for a
turned from the Christ to bow down thousand years to come,
before the god of race prejudice, and We have nothing to offer South
have segregated their fellow Chris- and Central Americans and West In-
tians because of color, Chirstian dians except perhaps, race riots,
Science has been true to the teach- lynchings, peonage, segregation, jim-
of the meek and lowly Nazarene. crow laws and the K. K. K. There
There is not a single segregated col-'is little chance to do anything in
ored Christian Science church in the Africa. Why fritter away time and
world, the adherents of various races money chasing a will o' the wisp,
and colors meeting toegther in true Would it not Be better to clean out
Christian harmony. our own Augean stables before we
attempt to clean up the world? When
the United States has been redeemed
it will be time enough to start to
redeem other lands.
BAR JAPANESE, ADMIT COLORED.
The writer reecntly overheard
black man, just from the South, say:
"I think the Southern whites are the
best friends of my people." He was
dirty, ignorant and degraded and ut
terly unable to appreciate the differ
ence between the
"EDITOR ADAMS OUTSPOKEN."
"While we are glad and appreciate
the fact that Attorney Perry W. How
ard got this appointment, the facts
stated are true. It is a precedent
that will confront us before we are a
year older. It stfows that the pres
ent Administration is already "pussy
footed" and afraid to meet the issue.
It is deemed inadvisable to launch a
fight for the confirmation of a col
ored presidential appointee at
time. to do this now, with all power in its
hands, it will pause before making
THE APPEAL says further
No'w after 400,000 colored men
ment, it is infamous that the party
leaders should insult the people by
giving inferior appointments, and it
is humiliating to think that colored
men will accept such places. It will
be noted that the men appointed are
Northern voters, who voted for the
Republican nominees and whose votes
were counted are not satisfied with
what has been done. They feel that
it would been better to have had
nothing at all rather than inferior
appointments, which tend to lower
their status as citizens. Some high
The Disabled Veterans of the World
War, at their Detroit convention,
voted for the exclusion of Japanese .._ __
from the United States. Immediately zens have votes and they should see
after the passage of that resolution, to it that the influence of these votes
another resolution was presented by be felt to the extent that the white
a colored veteran from Louisville, representatives from the northern
Ky., opening the membership in the States shall force this issue upon the
organization to all wounded soldiers* Republiacn Administration at Wash
"regardless of race or creed," and ington and the Republican leaders of
asking impartiality of the govern
ment in dealing with them also,
was adopted by a large majority.
Under the above caption The Rich
mond (Va.) Planet hands ye editor a
few bouquets anent our "Special As
sistants" that we accept with thanks
Coming from the intrepid editor,
John Mdtchell, Jr., they are doubly
"Editor John Q. Adams, of THEneapolis.
APPEAL published at St. Paul, Minn
is as 'true as steel' upon every ques
tion affecting the rights and privi
leges of the citizens of coltor in this
country We have before us an exson,
tract from his issue of June 11, 1921,
which reads 'mighty good' to us.
Even those of us, who may disagree
with him as a matter of policy must
admit that he is fundamentally right,
and that we as a people cannot
achieve permanent success other than
by following the lead of this dis
tinguished leader and by heeding
much that he has to say.
THE APPEAL says:
William H. Lewis of Massachusetts
was appointed ASSISTANT ATTOR-
NEY GENERAL OF THE UNITED
STATES, a presidential appointment,
confirmed by the Senate of the Unit
ed States. Perry Howard of Missis
sippi has been appointed SPECIAL
ASSISTANT to the Attorney General
of the United States. Lewis was an
assistant attorney general Howard is
an assistant to the Attorney General.
There is a great difference in the
status. Lewis was an official How
ard is an assistant to an official and
has been assigned to special work on
the claims of colored people against
the United States. If the matter
stopped with Howard it would not
make much difference, but it affects
the citizenship status of every colored
person in the country and segregates
colored people from every other
group of American citizenship, and
establishes a dangerous precedent.
cepted, but we do urge that they*be
passed over without being credited
upon the bill of recognition, to which
we as Republicans are entitled. Let
us have those presidential appoint
ments in keeping with the support
that we have vouchsafed this coun
try and the Republican Party in par
ticular. Thousands of colored citi
the party in tru United States of
America. Strictly speaking though,
Editor John Q. Adams has outlined
the proper course and has enunciated
funadmental principles by which^we
all should stand, regardless of the
cost or the consequences in so doing."
ILLINOIS HOUSE SCORES K. K. K.
State Representative S. Turner,
of Chicago, who is always on the job,
North and the had the following resolution adopted
South, but there are men, living in in that body:
the South who make some pretences
to education who have said the same
Of course they Wtere looking for the Klan attempting to organize chapters
good nigger pat.
There are a few white people, very
few,/ living in the South, who are,
Christians and who are willing to ac
cord to colored people all the rights
of citizenship, but the great majority
are not friends in any sense of thetherefore,
word, unless jimcrow laws and cus
toms are evidences of friendship. And
again some of the most pronounced
enemies of the colored people are
black and yellow men who are con
tinually saying things which make
the whites |hold the whole colored
group in contempt, because no man
can really respect another man who
believes himself to be inferior and
makes public announcement of this
Some colored people denounce all
white people. That |is unjust and
wrong. Garrison, Lovejoy, Harriet
Beecher Stowe, Phillips and thousands
of others were who practically gave
their lives to prove their friendship.
And today John Haynes Holmes and
thousands of others are better friends
to the colored group, than some who,
black in heart as well as in face,
"cringe and bend the supple hinges of
the knee that thrift may follow
Whereas, it is reported that there
are representatives of the Ku Klux
or posts that organization in vari
ous cities of the state of Illinois and
"Whereas, it is believed that the
Ku Klux Klan is an organization which
operates in defiance of law and order
and against the best interests and
welfare of the people at large now,
"Resolved by the house of repre
sentatives of the state of Illinois, that
we condemn and deplore the attempt
to organize posts of the Ku Klux Klan
in the state of Illinois, and urge all
good citizens of the state in the in
terests of law and order and the wel
fare of our state to do aM in their
power to discourage the operation of
this organization in the state of
Women's State Federation
The 16th annual convention of the
Minnesota Federation of Colored
Women's Cliubs was held under the
auspices of the Minneapolis City Fed
eration at Zion Baptist Church on
Thursday and Friday of last week
There were 65 delegates present
during the convention, representing
22 clubs of St. Paul, Minneapolis, Du
luth anft Fergus Falls.
There was quite a large attend
ance of the public, and an excellent
program was furnished at each ses
sion, which was both beneficial and
The newly elected officers are:
President Mrs. Susan C. Evans,
1st Vice PresidentMrs. Anna Jor
dan, St. Paul.
2nd Vice PresidentMrs. A. Sim
SecretaryMrs. P. Chavis, Minne
Asst. SecretaryMrs. Edith Settle,
Cor SecyMrs. Ella Perkins, Min-
TreasurerMrs. Minnie B. Archer,
State OrganizerMrs. Josie Mobley,
Ways and MeansMrs. R. F. Wil
HistorianMirs, E. Pendleton, Du
StatisticianMrs. Emma Bush, St.
ChaplainMrs. M. L. Brown, Min
ParliamentarianMrs. Ida Sellers,
The appointed officers are:
Arts and CraftsMrs. Maude Bridg'j
forth, St. Paul.
PhilanthropicMrs. Mary Rogers, St.
MothersMrs. Lula Vanderberg, Du
Reciprocity Mrs. Rebeque Scott
JuniorMrs. Minnie Wright, Minne
LegalMrs. Odessa McCullough, Du
MusicMrs. Kat^e L. Smith, Minne
CivicsMrs. Lula Maxwell, Minne
Literature Mrs. Laura Celestine,
AuditorMrs. Gertrude Wills, St.
Printing and Publicity Mrs. J. M.
MaintenanceMrs. Laura F. Colby,
Program Mrs. May B. Mlason, St.
FOR RENTNice furnished room
at 519 Fuller street reasonable rate.
Tel. Elkhurst 0175.Advertisement.
Mr. Will Lyles left last week to
visit relatives at Boston and Phila
delphia will be gone a month.
The excursion of Arab Patrol last
Tuesday eevning was marrdd by rain,
but all who went had a good time.
Mr. and Mrs. John J. Chur and
daughter Miss Eunice, of Chicago, are
this visiting Mr. daw's sister, Mrs. T. H.
If the Administration hesitates Lyles, 678 St. Anthony,
LEST YOU FORGET! The Arab
a Patrol will have a Big Boat Excur
sion Friday evening, July 22, and you
served i the^ waru"tw make theBworld morial Baptist church Tuesday. Mrs
safe for democracy, and with the Re- T. H. Lyles funeral director. Inter-
publican party, to which_ the colored ment at Oakland.
n n UUUIC WJ wont
safe for democracy and with the
publica party to which the colore
voter has always been a faithful ally,
in complete control of the govern- ."r.~' *r
class colored men ought to get a few Mesdames Henry Mason, Prairie View,
high class prresidential appointments!
was held at Me
The funeral of Mrs. George James,
linew of gents'
a lot of odd trouser fo
sale at prices ranging from $2.50 to
$6.00, at Harry Liegan's, Merchant
Tailor, 313 Rondo street.Advertise
COMING EVENTThe Grand Jap
anese Carnival by St. James' Choral
Choir, Mme. L. Antoinette Crafton,
director, on Tolliver's Lawn, 605 W.
Central Ave* Aug. 10. Watch for
Mrs. J. E. Johnson, 526 St. Anthony
Ave., was hostess at a breakfast
Thursday of last week in honor of
Ilist a imdor fnnnaPannltKnn- ~A WiniYIW A-fotiinc/vn TTon A4-1IAIM.BS-
just ass under formeir Republican ad
"We do not go so far as to advise
that these appointments be not ae- 6^^&WaMams7"Minnea^us.St.
Frank Anderson, Chicago Ed.
Winrow, Atchinson, Kan. Other.sW pres
ent were: Mesdames B. C. Archer,
W. B. Walker, Clete Oliver, C. W.
Wigmgjton, Valdo Turner, Paul,
55* ST. ANTHONY AVE.
504 RONDO ST.
811 RICE ST.
436 SHERBURNE AVE!
HOME OF W. J. ALSTON
675 Iglehart Ave., St. Paul.
You'll find here those good-looking
Oxfords at a price that is very low
for such fine quality.
Broguesball strapsall the latest
colors, leathers, lasts and patterns
take your choice of any style all
STANLEY SHOE CO.
421 ROBERT A SEVENTH
Bohn Sanitor A A A
No. 12 SANITGR
33 inches wide, 19 inches deep, 45 inches high
Ice capacity 160 Efes.
Complete line of
Refrigerators on display
Adopted as Standard by Pullman Co., and all lead
BOHN REFRIGERATOR GO.
TAKE ST. PAUL-MINNEAPOLIS CAR ft off tt Haalfae Ave.
1501 WESTERN AVBNUE
THE GREAT TRUCK! FARMERS
Have made arrangements with a number of
grocers to handle their vegetables, which will
be brought in fresh every morning and may
be found by Hotyse- wives at the following
While They Last
49 ST. PETER ST.
260 W. CENTRAL AVE.