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SATURDAY, JULY 23, 192 1
AFTER FORTY YEARS.
For forty years the editor of THE
APPEAL has battled with pen and
tongue against the rising tide of race
prejudice, discrimination, injustice and
He has seen state governments and
national administrations quail and
tiemble before the onrushing waves
of hellish hate.
The so-called Christian church has
stood still and dumb before the bru
talities of a Godless land.
Many contemporaries have given up
the fight for justice and equality, but
many yet live who will never yield to
the oppressor, and so long as there
are even a dozen determined souls
who have sworn to do or die, the
fight will not be in vain.
The way is dark and the work is
made difficult/ by the foe within, but
victory will come It can not be
that the present infamous conditions
will continue forever. Our children
and our children's children will reap
the benefits of our labors of today.
We are still \mafra\d. "We will con
tinue the fight.
APPEAL OPPOSES ARMY COLOR
THE APPEAlt wrote the Secretary
of War for information relative to
the segregation of colored Americans
in the United States army. The fol
lowing is the reply:
Mr J. Q. Adams,
Editor "THE APPEAL,"
St. PauL Minnesota.
I am in reecipt of your letter of
May 14th, in which you take excep
tion to the idea of organizing colored
troops into a separate division for
National Guard service. In reply I
may say that although the sepanate
organization of a colored division has
not been ordered by the War De
partment for peace time National
Guard service, it is strictly in ac
cordance with the policy of this De
partment that colored units shall be
organized into complete and separate
divisions whenever tihe necessity arises
for the formation of such units in
time of war. This policy is based
upon the experience gained by the
War Department throughout our
country's military history. It was
carried out during the World War in
the organization of the 92d and 93d
Divisions which saw overseas service,
and I am surprised that this plan
PROTEST AGAINST INJUSTICE.
We trust that our editorial friends
will print strong editorials and write
letters to the Secretary of War pro
testing- against the color line in the
avTcvy, and advise tne writing of let
ters of protest to every cabinet mem
ber portesting the color line in the
various departments. And ask the
President to abolish segregation where
it can be done by executive order.
Let us stand toegther for the abso
lute abolition of the color line in
THE SIN OF SILENCE
To sin by silence when we should
protest makes cowards out of men.
The human race has climbed on pro
jest. Had no voice been raised against
injustice, ignorance and lust, the in-
quisition yet would serve the law, and
guillotines decide our least disputes.
The few who dare must speak and
speak again to right the wrongs of
many.Ella Wheeler Wilcox.
which met with such thorough ap
proval at the time should now be
I think that you must have been
incorrectly informed as to the Warment
Department's attitude on this ques
tion for years is the first criticism of
this policy which we have received.
On the other hand this office has rea
ceived numerous letters from colored
citizens endorsing the organization of
combat divisional units of colored
membership and objecting to the fact
that the War Department has found
it necessary (in view of limited ap
propriations and the difficulty of
training units scattered over wide
areas) to restrict for the present the
organization of colored troops in the
National Guard to those units that
operate directly under orders of the
Corps or Army Commanders and
which do not enter into the composi
tion Of a division.
Very truly yours,
(Signed) JOHN W. WEEKS,
Secretary of War.
This is the reply of THE APPEAL
St. Paul, Minn., June 28, 1921.
to Secretary Weeks:
Hon. John W. Weeks,
Secretary of War,
I have received your letter without
date written in reply to imy letter of
May 14, asking information relative
to the formation of a separate color
ed division of the National Guard.
While I am pleased to learn that no
such organization has been ordered
for peace time, I regret to hear that
it is the policy of the War Depart
ment to organize separate divisions at
any time, either in peace or war.
The matter of organizing colored
soldiers into separate units is funda
mentally wiong, and I believe uncon
stitutional. It is a wrong which has
continued since the organization of
colored troops, but the continuation
of a wrong does not make it right.
It is a wrong which the World War,
fought as it was claimed "to make
the world safe for democracy," should
have righted. It is wrong because it
It is wrong because it takes the
colored soldiers out of their proper
places in the states in which they
live and makes them a segregated
part of the Federalized National
Guard. It denies them their rights
as citizens of their respective states
and forecs them into a special segre
gated status which is not applied to
other groups of Americans, such as
Germans, Irish, Russians, French,
Poles, Spanish, Portuguese, Danes,
Swedes, British, Austrians, Hungari
ans, Serbians, Bulgarians, Belgians,
etc. and it is not applied to Indians,
Jews, Japanese, Chinese, Koreans,
Javanese, East Indians, Burmese, and
other colored races.
If the colored man is a citizen, he
is entitled to ALL the rights of citi.
zenship and this includes the right
to be on an absolute equality with
all other citizens. It is unjust for
the government to single him out
from the various elements which
compose American citizenship and
place upon him the badge of a pariah
I am sorry to learn that I am the
first to protest against this wrong,
but trust that from now on protests
may come in by the thousands, to the
end that you may be induced to
change this policy of your predeces
Very truly yours,
J. Q. ADAMS,
Editor THE APPEAL.
THE MAN WHO DARES
I honor the man who in the consci
entious discharge of his duty dares to
stand alone the world, with ignorant,
intolerant judgment, may condemn,
the countenances of relatives may be
averted, and the hearts of friends grow
cold, but the sense of duty done shall
be sweeter than the applause of the
world, the countenances of relatives or
the hearts of friends.Charles Sumner.
HERE'S TH E OFFICIAL DATA.
A correspondent who writes from
Georgia says that he doubts the state
in THE APPEAL editorial on
"Special Assistants," that former Sec
retary of War Baker did not appoint
colored assistant secretary of war.
He claims that he read it in a num
ber of papers at the time.
Well, here are the facts, being a
true copy from page 64 of the
Compiled and Published by the De
partment of Commerce, Bureau
of the Census
Newton Diehl Baker, of Ohio, Sec'y.
Compensation, $12,000 per annum.
OFFICE OF SECRETARY
Benedict Crowell, Assistant Secretary,
John C. Scofield, Assistant and Chief
Ralph Hayes, Private Secretary to
Frederick P. Keppel, Confidential
s. Clerk to Secretary, $1,500.
Stanley King, Confidential Clerk to
Emmett J. Scott, Confidential Clerk
to Secretary, $1,200.
THE APPEAL prides itself on the
accuracy of its statements. When
you see it in THE APPEAL it's so.
THE FOURTH IN "JA W JAW."
Possibly the people of Georgia
imagine that they are real patriots.
Anyway they had a great Fourth of
July celebration at Union City in that
state. Again perhaps they think that
they are Christians, as they opened
the proceedings/ by singing, "All Hail
the Power of Jesus' Name" And
then the "jaw-jaw" began with a talk
by Senator Tom Watson, who sarcas
tically criticized the federal reserve
board, William G. McAdoo, former
secretary of the treasury, liberty
bonds, President Harding, former
President Wilson. Then came this
gem: "If your Uncle Sam has $5,000,-
000 to give Liberia, then he's got it
to give Georgia negroes, and if they
got it, we'd get the most of it." And
Then Governor Hardwich appeared
upon the scene. He declared that the
signing of the Declaration of Inde
pendence imeant more than the crea
tion of a new nation. "It meant the
creation of a^ new political dispensa
tionone of, equality and freedom of
man." "The right of free speech,
the freedom of the press and equality
are fundamental rights."
Hardwick talked like a genuine
American until the last lap of the
speech, when he said: "God Al
mighty made this a white man's
country and by His splendor and
grace we will keep it so." Of course
the historic fact that God made this
the Indian's country and Europeans
stole it from the Indian and also
turned it away from God, did not
worry Mr. Hardwick, he had to put
the "negro" in somewhere.
EXIT UNCLE TOM.
The Bishops' Council of the A. M.
E. church, which met in Chicago,
\took a strong stand against race
prejudice and acclaimed the ministry
of today as "banded together and
standing four square on the race
question, and sounded the death
REPORTED TO HOUSE
WIRE OR WRITE YOUR CON-
GRESSMAN TO UR6E ITS
Representative L. C. Dyer, Repub
lican of Missouri, has introduced a
bill in Congress providing that per
sons accused of lynching shall be
tried in Federal instead of
courts, and that those found guilty
of participating in lynchings shall
suffer the death penalty. Every one
ought to get behind this bill and thousand years to come.
push its passage. It is infinitely bet
ter than the McCormick bill which
authorizes a commission to "study"
lynching. No study is necessary the
facts are patent. Minnesota has done
her part by enacting an anti-lynch
ing law. Now give us a national law.
knell of the Moten-Fisher "pussy
Bishop C. S. Smith, courageous man
that he is, declared amid great ap
plause, that the men of the church
have got to look the problems of the
race in the face and fight them with
the courage to do and die. He quoted
from the last words of John Brown,
"Without the shedding of blood,
there is no reedmption for a people
He recounted the story of the menbest
who had built the church by fight
ing, and of the fighting boys who
had gone overseas to help whip Ger
many. He made it clear that the
A. M. E. church wants no imore
"Uncle Tom" preachers.
"EDITOR ADAMS OUTSPOKEN."
Under the above caption The Rich
mond (Va.) Planet hands ye editor a
few bouquets anent our "Special As
sistants" that we accept with thanks.
Coming from the intrepid editor,
John Mlitchell, Jr., they are doubly
"Editor John Q. Adams, of THE
APPEAL published at St Paul, Minn,
is as 'true as steel' upon every ques
tion affecting the rights and privi
leges of the citizens of color in this
country We have before us an ex
tract from his issue of June 11, 1921,
which reads 'mighty good' to us.
Even those of us, who may disagree
with him as a matter of policy must
admit that he is fundamentally right,
and that we as a people cannot
achieve permanent success other than
by following the lead of this dis
tinguished leader and by heeding
much that he has to say.
THE APPEAL says:
William H. Lewis of Massachusetts
was appointed ASSISTANT ATTOR-
NEY GENERAL OF THE UNITED
STATES, a presidential appointment,
confirmed by the Senate of the Unit
ed States. Perry Howard of Missis
sippi has been appointed SPECIAL
ASSISTANT to the Attorney General
of the United States. Lewis was an
assistant attorney general Howard is
an assistant to the Attorney General.
There is a great difference in the
status. Lewis was an official How
ard is an assistant to an official and
has been assigned to special work on
the claims of colored people against
the United States. If the matter
stopped with Howard it would not
make much difference, but it affects
the citizenship status of every colored
person in the country and segregates
colored people from every other
group of American citizenship, and
establishes a dangerous precedent.
"While we are glad and appreciate
the fact i hat Attorney Perry W. How
ard got this appointment, the facts
stated are true. It is a precedent
that will confront us before we are a
year older. It shows that the pres
ent Administration is already
footed" and afraid to meet the issue.
It is deemed inadvisable to launch a
THE APPEAL-says further
Now after 400,000 colored men
served in the war "to make the world
safe for democracy, and with the Re
publican party, to which the colored
voter has always been a faithful ally,
in complete control of the govern
ment, it is infamous that the party
leaders should insult the' people by
giving inferior appointments, and it
is humiliating^ to think that colored
men will accept such places. I will
be noted that the men appointed are
Northern voters, who voted for the
Republican nominees and whose votes
were counted are not satisfied with
what has been done. They feel that
it would been better to have had
nothing at all rather than inferior
appointments, which tend to lower
their status as citizens. Some high
class colored men ought to get a few
high class presidential appointments
just as under former Republican ad
"We do not go so far as to advise
that these appointments be not ac
cepted, but we do urge that they be
passed over without being credited
upon the bill of recognition, to which
we as Republicans are entitled. Let
us have those presidential appoint
ments in keeping with the support
'"hat we, have vouchsafed this coun
ry and the Republican Party in par
icular. Thousands of colored citi
zens have votes and they should see
to it that the influence of these votes
be felt to the extent that the white
representatives from the northern
States shall force this issue upon the
Republiacn Administration at Wash
ington and the Republican leaders of
the party in this United States of
America Strictly speaking though,
Editor John Q. Adams has outlined
the proper course and has enunciated
funadmental principles by which we
all should stand, regardless of the
cost or the consequences in so doing."
WORK ENOUGH HERE.
Without questioning the sincerity of
the pan-African propagandists we do
not believe such work is feasible at
this time. To use a strong expres
sion the colored people of the United
States are, "in a hell of a fix," just
And again, the colored people of
the United States are Americans/ and
State 4not Africans. Their duty is at home,
and God knows there is work enough
here to employ all the brains and
money the race can command for a
We have nothing to offer South
and Central Americans and West In
dians except perhaps, race riots,
lynchings, peonage, segregation, jim
crow laws and the K. K. K. There
is little chance to do anything in
Africa. Why fritter away time and
money chasing a will-o'-the-wisp.
Would it not be better to clean out
our own Augean stables before we
attempt to clean up the world? When
the United States has been redeemed
it will be time enough to start to
redeem other lands
The writer reecntl overheard a
black man, just from the South, say
"I think the Southern whites are the
friends of my people." He was
dirty, ignorant and degraded and ut
terly unable to appreciate the differ
ence between the North and the
South, but there are men, living in
the South who make some pretences
to education who have said the same.
Of course they were looking for the
"good nigger pat."
There area few white people,.very
few, living in the South, who are
Christians and who are willing to ac
cord to colored people all the rights
of citizenship, but the great majority
are not friends in any sense of the
word, unless jimcrow laws and cus
toms are evidences of friendship. And
again some of the most pronounced
enemies of the colored people are
black and yellow men who are con
tinually saying things which make
the whites |hold the whole colored
group in contempt, because no man
can really respect another man who
believes himself to be inferior and
makes public announcement of this
Some colored people denounce all
white people. That |is unjust and
wrong. Garrison, Lovejoy, Harriet
Beecher Stowe, Phillips and thousands
of others were who practically gave
their lives to prove their friendship.
And today John' Haynes Holmes and
thousands of others are better friends
to the colored group, than some who,
black in heart as well as in face,
"cringe and bend the supple hinges of
the knee that thrift may follow
KUNTZ GETS A PLACE.
Emil Kuntz, Republican national
comimiitteeman for Louisiana, has
been nominated by President Harding
to be collector of Customs for Dis
trict No. 20, with headquarters at
New Orleans. Mr. Kuntz, although
a white man, was one of the "Black
and Tans," and with his colored aids
fought the "Lily Whites" to a finish.
Mr. Kuntz is a square man who
would undoubtedly like to give some
good places to his colored friends,
but it is difficult to see how he can
do so as all of the places in his office,
except his own, are under civil serv
ice. THE APPEAL met Mr. Kuntz
some years ago and has always ad
mired him because he has fought the
"Lily Whites," who were trying to
deprive colored Louisianians of po
litical representation. We wish him
AN IMPORTANT VICTORY.
fight for the conflranatiotv of z. cA- tfotiaC Equal Rv^hts Lta^ue.
ored presidential appointee at this
time. If the Administration hesitates
to do this now, with all power in its
hands, it will pause before making a
Go\or Line Nipped by Na-
Boston, Mass., July 16, 1921.Some-!
thing new manifested itself at Har
vard on Tuesday, July 5th, at the
Summer School. Monday, Miss Eunice
Hudson oi Armiston Ala., and Miss
Ga/frey Young, daughter of President
Young of Tallahassee, Fla., were giv
en their rooms the night before in
Gore Hall, but after breakfast on
Tuesday found a note in their room
diretcing them to see Director Mur
ray, who requested them to. find
rooms outside with colored families
as "it anight be unpleasant to room
with the white girls." They had a
double suite in the Freshman Dormi
tory. They found the house of Mrs.
EL Morris, wife of the president of
the Boston Branch of the National
Equal Rights League. Mrs. Morris
told the girls to keep their rooms and
she telephoned to Secretary Trotter.
When he arrived he found Miss
Roberts of Jacksonville, Fla., who had
part of a double suite and had been
sent to Mr. Murray and not even per
mitted to enter her room. Mr. Trot
ter escorted her to Gore Hall, with
Miss Bessie Miller, and when the hos
tess gave a false excuse and said she
was powerless, all went over to Mr
Murray. Here ensued an argument of
a ful half hour between Director
Murray, who was "avoiding unpleas
antless for the colored girls as some
Southern women were students" and
Secretary Trotter, who insisted race
discrimination was not the policy or
spirit of Harvard University, and
that the girls have their rooms and
Finally Trotter prevailed, Miss
Roberts was escorted to a single suite
in Standish Hall by Secretary Trotter
and secured her room. The other
girls were advised to .stand pat and
nothing more*was heard of the color
line^This was an important victory.-
TJEL. CEVA.R 0871
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