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AN AMERICAN NEWSPAPER
J. .ADAMS, EDITOR AND PUBLISHER'
ST. PAUL OFFICE
No. 301-2 Court Iiloek, 24 E. 4th
M. fc ADAUS, Manager.
PHONE: N. W. CEDAR 5649.
2S12 Tenth A venue ^outh
W. mcr.l.KRS. Manager.
tCctered at the Pontofflce In St. Paul,
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Mareh 3. 18T9.
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SATURDAY, JULY 30, 1921.
REPORTED TO HOUSE
WIRE OR WRITE YOUR CON-
GRESSMAN TO URGE ITS
Representative L. C. Dyer, Repub
lican of Missouri, has introduced a
bill in Congress providing that per
sons accused of lynching shall be
tried in Federal instead of State
courts, and that those found guilty
of participating in lynchings shall
suffer the death penalty. Every one
ought to get behind this bill and
push its passage. It is infinitely bet
ter than the McCormick bill which
authorizes a commission to "study"
lynching. No study is necessary the
facts are patent. Minnesota has done
her part by enacting an anti-lynch
ing law. Now give us a national law.
AFTER FORTY YEARS.
For forty years the editor of THE
APPEAL has battled with pen and
tongue against the rising tide of race
prejudice, discrimination, injustice and
He has seen state governments and
national administrations quail and
tremble before the onrushing waves
of hellish hate.
The so-called Christian church has
stood still and dumb before the bru
talities of a Godless land.
Many contemporaries have given up
the fight for justice and equality, but
many yet live who will never yield to
the oppressor and so long as there
are even a dozen determined souls
who have sworn to do or die, the
fight will not be in vain.
The way is dark and the work is
made difficult by the foe within, but"
victory will come. It can not be
that the present infamous conditions
will continue forever. Our children
and our children's children will reap
the benefits of our labors of today.
We are still unafraid.. We will con
tinue the fight.
STEPPING OVER THE LINE.
THE SIN OF SILENCE
"colored" if they could have enjoved
To sin by silence when we should
protest makes cowards out of men.
The human race has climbed on pro
test. Had no voice been raised against
injustice, ignorance and lust, the in-
quisition yet would serve the law, and
guillotines decide our least disputes.
The few who dare must speak and
speak again to right the wrongs of
many.Ella Wheeler Wilcox.
The recent revelation of the census
that the increase of 6.5 per cent in
the "negro" population of the coun
try during the last decade was thethe
lowest on record has been accounted
for in many ways, but there is still
There, are a lot of inaccuracies in
all United States Census reports.
The enumeration of the "negro" pop
ulation is based on a false premise,
and it foliows that the figures are
The mixing of the races has been
going on for 300 years and still con
tinues in spite of law and public
opinion. In many cases it is impos
sible to decide who is "white" and
who is "colored" in the U. S., and
why is it necessary?
There are millions of so-called
"white" people in whose veins runs
Afric's warm blood, and yet they are
unaware of its presence. The editor
is personally acquainted with hun1
dfeds who are known as "white,"
but who have a percentage of Negro
blood in their veins, and whose chil
dren have not the remotest idea that
they are "colored." And if the edi
tor knows so .many there must be
many known to others, but unknown
to the writer.
During the last decade, because of
the increase in race prejudice, thou
sands of "colored" people who would
really have preferred to have been
the rights of American citizenship combat divisionaile units!
become "white." This is not soudif-
and economic opportunity have sim- membership and objecting to the fact
ply stepped over the color line
and I am now living in Iowa as a
man, in all that word implies. Eight S*.
nrhor. moro^vo ~e .e i
other .members of my family and
done and have settled the problem
so far as they themselves are con-1
our brethren we left* behind as we
all give about a tenth of our incomes r?
The "white" people who imagine
APPEAL OPPOSES ARMY COLOR
THE APPEAL wrote the Secretary
of War for information relative to
segregation of colored Americans
in the United States army. The fol
lowing is the reply:
Mr. J. Q. Adams,
Editor "THE APPEAL/'
St. Paul, Minnesota.
I am in reecipt of your letter of
May 14th, in which you take excep
tion to the idea of organizing colored
troops into a separate division for
National Guard service. In reply I
may say that although the separate
organization of a colored division has
not been ordered by the War De
partment for peace time National
Guard service, it is strictly in ac
cordance with the policy of this De
partment that colored units shall be
organized into complete and separate
divisions whenever the necessity arises
for the formation of such units in
time of war. This policy is based
upon the experience gained by the
War Department throughout our
country's military history. It was
carried out during the World War in
the organization of the 92d and 93d
Divisions which saw overseas service,
and I am surprised that this plan
which met with such thorough ap
proval at the time should now befciAlkS,
I think that you must have been
incorrectly informed as to the War
Department's attitude on this ques.
tion for years is the first criticism of
this policy which we have received.
On the otheer hanletters thi office has re-
ncult. Every colored person is training units scatteresd over widte
aware of this fact, and if any! areas) to restrictt for the present the
"white" reader doubts it, just ask organization of colored troops in the
anv "colored" person if tho *t*^
toiore a person it the state ate directly under orders of the
ment is true.
Recently the [editor meta man
once "colored" who is now "white,"
and in conversation, he said: "I
realized that there was no hope of a
future for ,my children in Alabama,
not only because of the attitude of
the white people but because Negroes
were preaching that we ought not toHon.
try to vote or do anything else that
the white people objected to. So I
withdrew the money I had in the
bank, disposed of my interests and
cut loose from the
who were willing to endure, condi
tions in Alabama without protest
us from colore
V? [citizens endorsing the organization of
twenty other families from my anyt time, either inorganizingwar.
neighborhood have done jias I have i
Department has found
L. the difficulty of
which dor not enterCommanders into the composi
tion of a division.
Very truly yours,
(Signed) JOHN W. WEEKS,
Secretary of War.
This is the reply of THE APPEAL
St. Paul, Minn., June 28, 1921.
to Secretary Weeks:
John W. Weeks,
Secretary of War,
Washington, D. C.
I have received your letter without
date written in reply to im letter of informationy
.v It is a wrong which the World War,
to aid them in various ways." fo
that they have succeeded in barring
all persons with Negro blood are
greatly .mistaken. There are few
communities in the United S'ates in
which there are not people of mixed
blood taking part in all industrial,
professional, civic and social activi
The census, plan of designating all
persons with even the smallest per
centage of Negro blood as "negroes"
is basically wrong and is done in noSwedes,
other country. Really segregation is
just as much out of place in
census as it is in anything else in a Javanese, East Indians, Burmese and
democracy. All persons born in the other colored races
United States, no matter what their If the colored man is a citizen," he
race or color, should be classed as is entitled to ALL the rights of citi
Americans. zenship and this includes the right
THE MAN WH O DARES
I honor the man who in the consci
entious discharge of his duty dares to
stand alone the world, with ignorant,
intolerant judgment, may condemn,
the countenances of relatives may be
averted, and the hearts of friendsgro
cold, but the sense of duty done shall
be sweeter than the applause of the
world, the countenances of relatives or
the hearts of friends.Charles Sumner.
to the formation of a separater color
ed division of Nationale Guard.
WhileorganizatioIthled I am please to learn that no
ha bee ordered ^lets
time policy of the War Depart-
to organize separate divisions at
cerned, and we have not forgotten continued
peace or matter of colored
int separate units is funda-
u .mentally wrong, and I believe uncon
stitutional. It is a wrong which ha-s
the organization of
troops but th"e" continuation
as it was claimed "to make
thUeght world safe for democracy," should
have righted. It is wrong because it
It is wrong because it takes the
colored soldiers out of their proper
places in the states in which they
live and makes them a segregated
part of the Federalized National
Guard. It denies them their rights
as citizens of their respective states
and forecs them into a special segre
gated status which is not applied to
other groups of Americans, such as
Germans, Irish, Russians, French,
Poles, Spanish, Portuguese, Danes,
British, Austrians, Hungari
ans, Serbians, Bulgarians, Belgians,
etc. it is applied to Indians,
I am sorry to learn that I am the
first to protest against this wrong,
but trust that from now on protests
may come in by the. thousands, to the
end that you may "be induced to
change this policy of your predeces
Very truly yours,
J. Q. ADAMS,
Editor THE APPEAL.
PROTEST AGAINST INJUSTICE.
We trust that our editorial friends
will print strong editorials and write
letters to the Secretary of War pro
testing against the color line in themarked
army, and advise the writing of let
ters of protest to every cabinet mem
ber portesting the color line in thethis
various departments. And ask the
President to abolish segregation where
it can be done by executive order.
Let us stand toegther for the abso
lute abolition of the color line in
,v "EDITOR ADAMS OUTSPOKEN."
Under the above caption The Rich
mond (Va.) Planet hands ye editor a
few bouquets anent our "Special As
sistants" that we accept with thanks.
Coming from the intrepid editor,
John Miitchell/ Jr., they are doubly
"Editor John Q. Adams, of THE
APPEAL published at St. Paul, Minn.,
is as 'true as steel' upon every ques
tion affecting the rights and privi
leges of the citizens of color in this
country. We have before us an ex
tract from his issue of June 11,
which reads 'mighty good' to us!
Even those-of us, who may disagree
with him as a matter of policy must
admit that he is fundamentally right,
and that we as a people cannot
achieve permanent success other than
by following the lead of this dis
tinguished leader and by heeding
much that he has to say.
THE APPEAL says:
William H. Lewis of MassachusettsDUNITE
was appointed ASSISTANT ATTOR-
a presidential appointment,
confirmed by thePPo Senate ofSPECIA the Unit
ed States. Perry Howard of Missis-
ASSISTANT to the Attorney General
of the United States. Lewis was an
assistant attorney general Howard is
an assistant to the Attorney General.
Ihere is a great difference "in the
status. Lewis was an official How
ard is an assistant to an official and
has been assigned to special work on
the dawns of colored people against
the United States. If the matter
stopped with Howard it would not
make much difference, but it affects
the citizenship status of every colored
person in the country and segregates
colored people from every other
group of American citizenship, and
establishes a dangerous precedent.
"While we are glad and appreciate
the fact that Attorney Perry W. How
ard got this appointment, the facts
stated are true. It is a precedent
that will confront us before we are a
year older. It shows that the pres
ent Administration is already "pussy
footed" and afraid to meet the issue.
It is deemed inadvisable to launch a
fight for the confirmation of a col
ored ^presidential appointee at this
time. If the Administration hesitates
to do this now, with all power in its
hands, it will pause before making a
THE APPEAL says further
Now after 400,000 colored men
served in the war "to make the world
safe for democracy, and with the Re
publican party, to which the colored
voter has always been a faithful ally,
in complete control of the govern
ment, it is infamous that the party
leaders should insult the people by
giving inferior appointments, and it
is humiliating to think that colored
men will accept such places. It will
be noted that the men appointed are
Northern voters, who voted for the
Republican nominees and whose votes
were counted are not satisfied with
what has been done. They feel that
it would been better to have had
nothing at all rather than inferior
appointments, which tend to. lower
their status as citizens. Some high
class colored men ought to get a few
high class prresidential appointments
just as under former Republican ad
"We do not go so far as to advise
that these appointments be not ac
cepted, but we do urge that they be
passed over without being credited
upon the bill of recognition, to which
we as Republicans are entitled. Let
us have those presidential appoint
ments in keeping with the support
that we have vouchsafed this, coun
try and the Republican Party in par
ticular. Thousands of colored citi
zens have votes and they should see
to it that the influence of these votes
be felt to the extent that the white
representatives from the northern
States shall force this issue upon the
Republiacn Administration at Wash
ington and the Republican, leaders of
the party in this United States of
America. Strictly speaking though,
Editor John Q. Adams has outlined
the proper course and has enunciated
funadmental principles by which we
all should stand, regardless of the
cost or the consequences in so .doing."
The colored women who fare to
meet in Kansas City to organize a
partisan political league are making
a great political blunder^It ought
to be nonpartisan, and votes ought a^ays be had. We ask that you
tn K ori,, -4. t:_il I 5?aKe this office your headquarters.
to be given to the party which guar
antees the greatest amount of justice
PLAN TO OUST COLORED
to be on an absolute equality with
all other citizens. It is unjust for]
the government to single him out And Put Whites in Control in Republi-
from the Various elements which' ^ean Party in Georgia.
't^^J^^^^* ^u\ Slanta, Ga., July 27.-The colored
place upon him the badge of a pariah man ha* been practically put out
of business as a factor in Georgia
A new state central Republican,
committee which will direct Repub
lican affairs in Georgia, with the of
ficial recognition of the Harding ad
ministration was elected at a meet
ing, held Tuesday at the auditorium
by a selected committee composed of
Republican leaders from all sections
of the state.
The meeting, called by the Nation
al Republican committee, for the
purpose of re-organizing |ithe party
in Georgia on the basis of white con
trol and for the purpose of har
monizing factional differences, was
by almost complete unani
mity action. Only at one period did
i,t appear that there might be an
effort to disrupt the program, and
tendency was quickly cured.
It was evident from the very open
ing of the meeting that the plan of
action had been carefully worked out.
The new state central committee
consists of 46 .members, including the
three officers, who are J. L. Phillips,
of Thomasville, chairman Walter L.
Johnson, of Columbus, vice chairman,
and Charles Adamson, of Cedartown,
Thirty-six of the forty-six mem
bers are white and ten colored, al
though 80 per cent of the Georgia
Republicans are colored. The plan to
put the machinery of the organization
under white control as ordered by
President Harding has been carried
out to the letter. Henry Lincoln
Johnson, Georgia member of the Re
publican National Committee, will re
main in his seat, as he was elected
by the Republican National conven
tion, and this new committee did not
have the power to oust him. How
ever, he is just a figure-head and has
no power whatever. The entire plan
was worked out by Clarence B. Mjiller
Minnesota, Secretary of the Re
publican National Committee, who
acted as chairman of the meeting.
F. D. McCRACKEN.
The public testimonial to be ten
dered to Mr. F. D. McCracken by the
Sterling club will be held at St.
James A. M. E. church next Monday
evening, Aug. 1, at 8:00 o'clock. Pub
lic cordially invited.
Golden West Hotel and New Republic
Cafe, Seattle, Wash.
.Mr. C. A. Davis of St. Paul has
just returned from a trip to Seattle,
Wash., and is loud in his praise of
the Golden West Hotel, Messrs. Burr
Williams and Russell Smith, propri
etors, "Headquarters for railroad
men," 416 Seventh Ave. S., only three
blocks from depots has 80 rooms,
steam heat, hot and cold water, and
all other conveniences. In connec
tion with the hotel is the New. Re
public Cafe, Frank Louie, Mgr.,, and
E, W. Martini head waiter, formerly
with the New Washington Hotel.
They serve the best American and
Chinese dishes in the city. 'Visitors
to the city, especially railroad men,
will find the "last word" in hotel and
cafe service at the Golden West Ho
tel and New Republic Cafe. Call and
TO WHOM THIS MAY CONCERN.
The public is hereby notified that
W. G. Blackman has no connection
whatever with the Peoples Sanitary
System, 377 Wabasha street, and we
will not be responsible for money
paid or clothing delivered to him.
EVANS & PORTER, Props.
Rental Rates for Parlors, Kitchen and
Masonic Hall, 588 Rondo street, St.
Paul, may be rented for non-revenue
occasions such as Weddings, Recep
tions, Card or Dinner Parties, Special
Meetings, afternoon or evening four
hours for $3.00. For revenue pro
ducing occasions, afternoon or eve
.ning, four hours for $6.00.
Apply to the custodian,
J. H. DILLINGHAM,
TeL Dale 7221. 283 N. St. Albans.
THE TWIN CITY REALTY CO.
Formerly, located at 557 St. An
thony Ave., has moved to larger and
better quarters, No. 411 W. Univer
sity avenue, in the Elliott Building.
This company has at its head Mr.
O. U. Bray, reecntly of Chicago, who
has had, varied experiences in the line
of Real Estate and Insurance and is
equipped to properly and satisfac
torily take care of any business^ trust
ed to him.
In the office you will find a Notary
Public, Mrs. E. B. Settle, who will
take care of your requirements.
Leave your news items for the Chi
cago Defender, copies of which can
W solicit your patnonage. ,A_
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We carry a full line of Coal, Coke and Wood.
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J. H. LAWSON
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