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AN AMERICAN NEWSPAPER
J. .ADAMS, EDITOR AND PUBLISHER
ST. PAUL OFFICE
No. 301-2 Court Ulock, 24 E. 4th st.
8. Q,. AD VMS, Manager.
PHONE: N. W. CEDAR 5649.
iM Tpnth Avenue 'South
I. N. SEIXRRS. Mnaeer.
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matter, June 6, 1S85, under
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March 3. 1S79.
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SATURDAY, AUGUST, 6, 1921.
REPORTED TO HOUSE
WIRE OR WRITE YOUR CON-
GRESSMAN TO URGE ITS
Representative L. C. Dyer, Repub
lican of Missouri, has introduced a
bill in Congress providing that per
sons accused of lynching shall be
tried in Federal instead of State
courts, and that those found guilty
of participating in lynchings shall
suffer the death penalty. Every one
ought to get behind this bill and
push its passage. It is infinitely bet
ter than the McCormick bill which
authorizes a commission to "study"
lynching. No study is necessary the
facts are patent. Minnesota has done
her part by enacting an anti-lynch
mg law. Now give us a national law.
AFTER FORTY YEARS.
For forty years the editor of THE
APPEAL has battled with pen and
tongue against the rising tide of race
prejudice, discrimination, injustice and
He has seen state governments and
national administrations quail and
tremble before the onrushing waves
of hellish hate.
The so-called Christian church has
stood still and dumb before the bru
talities ,of a Godless land.
Many contemporaries have given up
the fight for justice and equality, but
many yet live who will never yield to
the oppressor and so long as there
are even a dozen determined souls
who have sworn to do or die, the
fight will not be in vain.
The way is dark and the work is
made difficult by the foe within^ but
victory will come. I can not be
that the present infamous conditions
will continue forever* Our children
and our children's children will reap
the benefits of our labors of today.
We are still unafraid. We will con
tinue the fight
STEPPING OVER THE LINE.
The recent revelation of the census
that the increase of 6.5 per cent in
the negro" population of the coun
try during the last decade was the
lowest on record has been accounted
for in many ways, but there is still
There area lot of inaccuracies in
all United States Census reports.
The enumeration of the "negro" pop
ulation is based on a false premise,
and it foliows that the figures are
The mixing of the races has been
going on for 300 years and still con
tinues in spite of law and publilct
just as much out of place in thes
S* illV rStorfL
race or color, should be classed as
THE SIN Or" SILENCE
To sin by silence when we should
protest makes cowards out of men.
The human race has climbed on pro
test. Had no voice been raised against
injustice, ignorance and lust, the in
quisition yet would serve the law, and
guillotines decide our least disputes.
The few who dare must speak and
speak again to right the wrongs of
many.Ella Wheeler Wilcox.
who is "colored" in*the U. S., and
why is it necessary?
There are millions of so-called
"white" people in whose veins runs
Afric's warm blood, and yet they are
unaware of its presence. The editor
is personally acquainted with hun
dreds who are known as "white,"
but who have a percentage of Negro
blood in their veins, and whose chil
dren have not the remotest idea that
they are "colored." And if the edi
tor knows so many there must be
many known to others, but unknown
to the writer.
During the last decade, because of
the increase in race prejudice, thou
sands of "colored" people who would
really have preferred to have been
"colored" if they could have enjoyed
the rights of American citizenship
and economic opportunity have sim
ply stepped over the color line and
become "white." This is not so dif
ficult: Every "colored" person is
aware of this fact, and if any
"white" reader doubts it, just ask
any "colored" person if the state
ment is true.
Recently the jeditor meta manrefined
once "colored" who is now "white,"
and in conversation, he said: "I
realized that there was no hope of a
future for .my children in Alabama,
not only because of the attitude of
the white people but because Negroes
were preaching that we ought not to
try to vote or do anything else that
the white people objected to So I
withdrew the money I had in the
bank, disposed of my interests and
cut loose from the jim-crow crowd
who were willing to endure condi
tions in Alabama without protest
and I am now living in Iowa as a
man, in all that word implies. Eight
other .members of my family and
twenty other families from my
neighborhood have done (as I have
done and have settled the problem
so far as they themselves are con
cerned, and we have not forgotten
our brethren we left behind as
all give about a tenth of our incomes
to aid them in various ways."
The "white" people who imagine
that they have succeeded in barring
all persons with Negro blood are
greatly .mistaken. There are few
communities in the United S'a^es in
Sir Gilbert Carter, who 'has been
governor of several of the islands of' J"
the British West Indies, and who has'
any suggestion that the islands be
ceded to the United States as part
payment of Great Britain's war debt.
Sir Gilbert has been successively gov
ernor of the Bahamas, Barbados and
Trinidad he says, "the people would
resist a cession to the bitter end."
In all of the British West India
islands the colored population amount
to froUnHedto 80 90 pe cent and, these
people, many of whom have visited
DR. PROCTOR AND HIS BACON.
Dr. H. H. Proctor, pastor of a con
gregational church in Atlanta, Ga,
was at the congregational meet in
California recently, and in an address
finished with this peroration: "We
(the colored people) have brought
home the bacon, and we are going to
fry it and eat it in peace, but not in
the kitchen. We intend to eat at the
table with all the other groups of
That sounds well and we are glad
that Dr. Proctor talks that way, and
hope he" will get to work in At
lanta and see that a seat is provided
at the main table in the main dining
room for the coldred man. Atlanta
is a good place to make a start, as
just now all the eating that the col
ore brother is doing there, is the
kitchen At the union station in At-
which there are not people of mixed fenta a colored person may not gomentally
blood taking part in all industrial, to a train through the main entrance,
professional, civic and social activi- but enters under a sign "For Negroes"
about half way down the alley at the
The census plan of designating all side of the building. If he needs a
persons with even the smallest per- lunch he certainly must, get it at the
centage of Negro blood as "negroes" "Negro Lunch Counter." Then he
is basically wrong and is done in no proceeds down the platform to
other country. Really segregation is jimcro ca
Americans. morning he is tired, worn and hun-
THE MAN WHO DARES
I honor the man -who in the consci
entious discharge of his duty dares to
stand alone the world, with ignorant,
Intolerant judgment, may condemn,
the countenances of relatives may be
averted, arid the hearts of friends grow
cold, but the sense of duty done shall
be sweeter than the^ applause of the
world, the countenances of relatives or
5^ the hearts of friends.Charles Sumner.
a negro a
United States, no matter what their P33365section
restless* night in th~ jim
of a day coach. In the
thoughtful enough to bring a -"sam-
OPPOSE U. S RULE testing against the coloCra in theand
just returned to England, says that TJ^A- i- i
i President to abolish segregation where
the islanders are wholly opposed to
would mean to be ruled by bluster
ing, brutal American bullies Lynch-
"DARKY DIVINE DEAD."
ing is unknown there is no depriva
tion of political rights, no segration
and, if a colored person has the mon
ey and social graces, no social dis
Well may these happy people shud- Jjps into a separate division for
der when they see Uncle Sam cast
ing his longing eyes at their rich ter
ritory. They know that American
rule would mean BELL, with a
"haytch, a hee and a double hell."
That's the way a Southern paper
makes the announcement of the de
mise of Rev. C. T. Walker, a famous
colored preacher of Savannah, Ga.
Rev. Walker was really a distinguish
ed character and a great orator, and
had traveled extensively in Europe
and the Holy Land. John D. Rocke
feller, the world's richest man, always
attended Rev. Walker's church when
he was in Savannah. But the South
ern idea is best shown by the above
headline. It matters not how intel
ligent, how learned, how cultured or
or how pure in character a
man be, he is still a "darkey" in the
eyes of the average Southern white,
and he is subject to to all the segre
gated humiliations the mind* of a
deviL could invent. In the South the
lowest white bum is considered supe
rior to a veritable black saint.
gry, but .cannot eafTintil the "white selves just treatment in the indus-
folks" have been served. After the trial field. A short time ago a few
first, second and third calls for break-' men foraied what is now known as
fast, the announcement is made the Sleeping and Dining Car Em-
"negrpes are now being served yi the' ployees' Union, Local 548. Today this
dining car," and then, and not until union is the 35th in the list of those"
then, can he eat unless he has been i the state of Minnesota affiliated
with the State-Federation of Labor,
Th Hotel and Restaurant Employees
International Alliance, The Bartend
ers' International League of America
and the American Federation of Labor.
At the thirty-eighth annual conven
tion of the State Federation of Labor
held in Rochester, Minn., the repre
sentatives of this organization, Mr. W.
R. Donovan and Mr. George C. Shan
introduced three resolutions,
namely: The enforcement of the 8-
hour law, known as the Adamson law,
the affiliation and co-equal treatment
of colored people in organized union
labor and the making of lynching and
burning.of human beings a Federal
offense. The measures received the
unanimous assent of organized labor
that these pledges are being re
in his pocket, If Dr.
Proctor entered the smallest, dirtiest
i white restaurant in Atlanta and ask
ed for a cup of coffee he would be
asked if he "had anything to carry
If any dark colored person thinks
the language of THE APPEAL is
i overdrawn, just step down to Atlanta
and see, or if the distance is toonon,
great and the cash too low, just drop
a line to some friend there about the
PROTEST AGAINST INJUSTICE.
We trust that our editorial friends
will print strong editorials and write
letters to the Secretary of War pro-
f-S the color line in the
various departments.executiveasorder And the
Let us stand toegther for the abso
lute abolition of the color line in
APPEAL OPPOSES ARMY COLOR
THE APPEAL wrote the Secretary
of War for information relative to
the segregation of colored Americans
in the United States army. The fol
lowing is the reply:
Mr. J. Q. Adams,
Editor "THE APPEAL,"
St. Paul, Minnesota."
I am in reecipt of your letter of
May 14th, in which you take excep
tion to the idea of organizing colored
National ^uard service. In reply I
may say that although the separate
organization of a colored division has
not been ordered by the War De
partment for peace time National
Guard seryice, it is strictly in ac
cordance with the policy of this De
partment that colored units shall be
organized into complete and separate
divisions whenever the necessity arises
for the formation of such units in
time of war. This policy is based
upon the experience gained by theRose,
War Department throughout our
country's military history. It was
carried out during the World War in
the organization of the 92d and 93d
Divisions which saw overseas service,
and I am surprised that this plan
which met with such thorough ap
proval at the. time should now be
I think that you must have been
incorrectly informed as to the War
Departmerft's attitude on this ques.
tion for years is the first criticism of
this policy which we have received
On the other hand this office has re
ceived numerous letters from colored
citizens endorsing the organization of
combat divisional units of colored
membership and objecting to the fact
that the War Department has found
it necessary (in view of limited ap
propriations and the difficulty of
training units scattered over wide
areas) to restrict for the present the
organization of colored troops in the
National Guard to those units that
operate directly under orders of the
Corps or Army Commanders and
which do not enter into the composi
tion of a division.
Very truly yours,
(Signed) JOHN W. WEEKS,
Secretary of War.
This is the reply of THE APPEAL
St. Paul, Minn., June 28, 1921.
to Secretary Weeks:
Hon. John W. Weeks,
Secretary of War,
Washington, D. C.
I have received your letter without
date written in reply to my letter of
May 14, asking information relative
to the formation of a separate color
ed division of the National Guard
While I am pleased to learn that no
such organization has been ordered
for peace time, I regret to hear that
it is the policy of the War Depart
'ment to organize separate divisions at
any time, either in peace or war.
The matter of organizing colored
soldiers into separate units is funda
wrong, and I believe uncon
stitutional. It is a wrong which has
continued since the organization of
colored troops, but the continuation
of a wrong does not make it right.
It is a wrong which the World War,
fought as it was claimed "to make
the world safe for democracy," should
have righted. It is wrong because it
It is wrong because it takes the
colored soldiers out of their proper
places in the states in which they
live and makes theYn a segregated
part of the Federalized National
Guard. I denies them their rights
as citizens of their respective states
and forecs them into a special segre
gated status which is not applied to
other groups of Americans^ such as
Germans, Irish, Russians, French,
Poles, Spanish, Portuguese, Danes,
Swedes, British, Austrians, Hungari
ans, Serbians, Bulgarians, Belgians,
etc. and it is not applied to Indians,
Jews, Japanese, Chinese, Koreans,
Javanese, East Indians^Burrnese, and
other colored races.
If the colored man is a citizen, he
is entitled to ALL the rights of citi
zenship and this includes the right
to be on an absolute equality with
all other citizens. I is unjust for
the government to single him
from the various elements which
compose American citizenship and
place upon him the badge, of a pariah
I am sorry to learn that I am the
first to protest against this wrong,
bat trust that' from now on protests
may come in by the thousands, to the
end that you may be inducedf
change this policy of your predeces
j- "Very truly yours,
J. Q. ADAMS,
Editor THE APPEAL.
R. H. MEN'S GOOD WORK.
It may not be generally known, but
colored men in railroad work are
ing their share to win
At the thirty-ninth annual conven
tion of the same body, the repre
sentatives from this union introduced
a resolution calling upon organized
labor in the state to pledge itself to
give assistance to the colored rail
road workers in their fight for a
standard wage independent of gratui
ties, as this form of compensation is
not only inadequate, but has become
obnoxious to booth giver and receiver.
We are pleased to note that the
pledge was not only given, but the
resolutions committee also requested
the executive council to institute
ways and means to bring about the
desired result. A representative will
be sent from this union to the Inter
national convening at Cleveland, Ohio,
this month to press the matter and
if necessary it will be brought to the
attention of the Secretary of Labor
and to the Congress of the United
The time has come when every man
must put his shoulder to the wheel.
It is not fair that some should reap
the benefits brought about by the
self-sacrifrec of the underpaid brother,
without doing his part. All should
help The organization is fortunate
in having an energetic and capable
leader in the person of Mr. Crockett
Attorney General Daugherty, who
appointed a colored man to a jim
cr6w place in his department, was
the first to name a woman as assist
ant attorney general, and it is said
he will appoint another woman when
Mrs Adams resigns. William Lew
is of Massachusetts was an assiatAt
attorney general under President TJ^t,
but conditions are different now. The
segregation signs are still in evidence
in Daugherty's domain.
A Georgia paper's big headlines
pathetically exclaim, "Shall Georgia
Slip Back a Generation by Killing
Her Farm Extension Work?" Geor
gia, the state which heads the list in
thos number of lynchings and mob
murders, has already slipped back
two generations by killing her color
ed fanm laborers.
The colored women who (are to
meet in Kansas City to organize a
partisan political league are making
a great political blunder. It ought
to be nonpartisan, and votes ought
to be given to the party which guar
antees the greatest amount of justice.
The United States senate has adopt
ed a resolution providing for an in
vestigation ,of American occupation
and administration of Haiti and San
to Domingo. A special committee of
five senators will conduct the inquiry.
PLAN TO OUST COLORED
And Put Whites in Control in Republi
can Party in Georgia.
Atlanta, Ga, July 27The colored
man has been practically put out
of business as a factor in Georgia
A new state central Republican
committee which will direct Repub
lican affairs in Georgia, with the of
ficial recognition of the Harding ad
ministration was elected at a meet
ing held Tuesday at the auditorium
by a selected committee composed of
Republican leaders from all sections
of the state.
The meeting, called by the Nation
al Republican committee, for the
purpose of re-organizing ||the party
in Georgia on the basis of white con
trol and for the purpose of har
monizing factional differences, was
marked by almost complete unani
mity action. Only at one period did
it appear that there might be an
effort to disrupt the program, and
this tendency was quickly cured.
It was evident from the very open
ing of the meeting that the plan of
action had been carefully worked out.
The new state central committee
consists of 46 members, including the
three officers, who are J. L. Phillips,
of Thomasville, chairman -Walter L.
Johnson, of Columbus, vice chairman,
and Charles Adamson, of Cedartown,
Thirty-six of the, forty-six mem
bers are white and ten colored, al
though 80 per cent of the Georgia
Republicans are colored. The plan to
put the machinery of the organization
under white control as ordered by
President Harding has been carried
out to the letter. Henry Lincoln
Johnson, Georgia member of the Re
publican National Committee, will re
main in his seat, as he was elected
by the Republican National convent
tion, and this new committee did not
have the power to oust him. How
ever, he is just a figure-head and has
no/power whatever. The entire plan
was worked out by Clarence B. Millers
of Minnesota, Secretary of the Re
rj are ao publican National Committee, who
for them-.!acted as chairman of the meetinc-.
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You'll find here those good-looking
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Broguesball strapsall the latest
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Repairs to Fit All Makes of Stoves, Ranges and
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Have made arrangements with a number of
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be found by House-wives at the following
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Horse-lovers mil be given a real treat
this year at the horse sliow of the
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^4ii September 3 to 10
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