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March 3. 1870.
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SATURDAY, AUGUST 20, 1921.
AFTER FORTY YEARS.
For forty years the editor of THE
APPEAL has battled with pen and
tongue against the rising tide of race
prejudice, discrimination, injustice and
He has seen state governments and
national administrations quail and
tremble before the onrushing waves
of hellish hate.
The so-called Christian church has
stood still and dumb before the bru
talities of a Godless land.
Many contemporaries have given up
the fight for justice and equality, but
many yet live who will never yield to
the oppressor, and so long as there
are even a dozen determined souls
who have sworn to do or die, the
fight will not be in vain.
The way is dark and the work is
made difficult by the foe within, but
victory will come. It can not be
that the present infamous conditions
will continue forever. Our children
and our children's children will reap
the benefits of our labors of today.
We are still unafraid. We will con
tinue the fight.
"KLANREST" OF TH E K. K. K.
"Klanrest," the new home recent
ly presented to "Colonel" Simmons,
head of the Ku Klux Klan, situate at
1840 Peachtree road, Atlanta, Ga.,
was dedicated Saturday night. Sim
mons made the opening speech and
denounced the people who are fight
ing the order of the "invisible em-
The chief speech was made by
Governor Hardwick of the state of
Georgia who said among other things:
"This is a republic, but it is also a
white republic, therefore I do not
see how any honorable or Christian
person can attack the Ku Klux Klan,
an organization which stands for
white supremacy, Anglo-Saxonism and
Americanism." "If I were
the ruler of a Caucasian state I would
make every man follow the principles
of the Christian religion, and I would
exclude negroes from citizenship."
"I am not a member of the organ
ization, but I am not too good to be
as my father was a member during
reconstruction days." Col. Simmons
read Article 2 of the Constitution,
which requires a person to be a na
tive born white (man above 18 years
of age and a Christian. Simmons did
not take the trouble to read the en
tire constitution. Gen, A. B. Booth,
adjutant-general and chief of staff of
the Confederate Veterans' association,
opened the meeting with prayer.
The Atlanta Constitution of Tues
day, August 9, contains a full page
advertisement signed by William J.
Simmons which ends with these
words: "The Ku Klux Klan will
come into itb own and take its place
in the hearts of real Americans,
where its founders intended it should
be, THE LAND OF THE FREE AND
THE HOME OF THE BRAVE, where
in all men regardless of race, color
or creed, can live in peace and hap
piness, enjoying the greatest amount
of liberty and justice in any country
of the world."
The speeches at the dedication and
the advertisement do not harmonize,
but it is possible that Col. Simmons
does not consider that a matter of
great importance or perhaps there is
a joker in the statement.
THE SIN OF SILENCE
AUGUSTIANS BURN DEAD BODY.
A long editorial in the Augusta,
Georgia, Chronicle recently extolled
Augusta, Ga, as an ideal city, where
by a system of segregation the racial
relations are as near perfect as in
any place. The "negro" knew his
place and never dreamed of "social
equality" and consequently was re
spected by the whites. No lynching
had occurred in many years. (Lynch
mgs seldom occur in large cities
owing to better police protection
than in rural districts.)
But when the showdown came it
was found that Augustans were not
superior to other Georgians and had
the same primitive blood lust found
in other localities. A crazy colored
man ran amuck, killing two and
wounding eight before he himself was
slain. He died in a hospital at mid
night and just before dawn the place
was surrounded by a mob which took
the dead body, carried it to the
country and burned it to a crisp.
The charred body was then taken
back to the hospital.
STEPPING OVER TH E LINE
The recent revelation of the census
that the increase of 6 5 per cent in
the "negro" population of the coun-!
try during the Jast decade was the
lowest on record has been accounted'
for in many ways, but there iss still
There are a lot of inaccuracies in
all United States Census reports.
The enumeration of the "negro" pop-1
ulation is based on a false premise, I
and it follows that the'figures are!
going on for 300 years and still con-!
tinues in spite of law and public I
opinion. In many cases it is impos
sible to decide who is "white" and
who is "colored" in the U. S., and
why is it necessary?
There are millions of so-called
"white" people in whose veins runs
Afric's warm blood, and yet they are
unaware of its presence. The editor'
is personally acquainted witlh hun
dreds who are known as "white,"
but who have a percentage of Negro
blood in their veins, and whose chil
dren have not the remotest idea that
they are "colored." And if the edi
tor knows so .many there must be
many known to others, but unknown
to the writer.
To sin by silence when we should
protest makes cowards out of men.
The human race has climbed on pro-
test. Had no voice been raised against
injustice, ignorance and lust, the in-
quisition yet would serve the law, and
guillotines decide our least disputes.
The few who dare must speak and
speak again to right the wrongs of
many.Ella Wheeler Wilcox.
sands of "colored" people who would
really have preferred to have been
"colored" if they could have enjoyed
the rights of American citizenship
and economic opportunity have sim
ply stepped over the color line and
become "white.'' This is not so dif
ficult. Every "colored" person is
aware of this fact, and if any
"white" reader doubts it, just ask
any "colored" person if the state
ment is true.
Recently the (editor met a man
once "colored" who is now "white,"
and in conversation, he said: "I
realized that there was no hope of a'
future for any children in Alabama,
not only because of the attitude of
the white people but because Negroes
were preaching that we ought not to
try to vote or do anything else that
the white people objected to. So I
withdrew the money I had in the
bank, disposed of my interests and
cut loose from the jim-crow crowd
who were willing to endure condi
tions in Alabama without protest
and I am now living in Iowa as a
man, in all that word implies. Eight
other members of my family and
twenty other families from my
neighborhood have done (as I have
done and have settled the problem
so far as they themselves are con
cerned, and we have not forgotten
our brethren we left behind as we
all give about a tenth of our incomes
to aid them in various ways."
The "white" people who imagine
that they have succeeded in barring
all persons with Negro blood are
greatly mistaken. There are few
communities in the United States in
which there are not people of mixed
blood taking part in all industrial,
professional, civic and social activi
The census plan of designating all
persons with even the smallest per
centage of Negro blood as "negroes"
is basically wrong and is done in no
other country. Really segregation is
just as much out of place in the
census as it is in anything else in a
democracy. All persons born in the
United States, no matter what their
race or color, should be classed as
LET'S CLEAN U. S. A. FIRST.
In a recent speech in New Hamp
During the last decade, because of 14, at the Pilgrim Rest Baptist
the increase in race prejudice, thou- Church, 33rd and Indiana avenue. A
THE MAN WHO DARES
stand alone the world, with ignorant,
intolerant judgment, may condemn,
the countenances of relatives may be
averted, and the hearts of friends grow-
cold, but the sense of duty done shall
be sweeter than the applause of the
world, the countenances of relatives or
the hearts of friends.Charles Sumner.
Resident Hardinh declared that
G^-g ^hne destincy of America is
by former President Wil- re an
failed to do (many
which were needed at home,
untrustworthy. Harding that there is workisenough at
The mixing of the races has been
APPEAL suggests to Mr.
Unite State not the
leader for any kind of a re
as there are too
skeletons in her closet,
When the U. S. A. has eliminated
lynching, race riots, disfranchise
ment, segregation and discrimination
for a large group of its citizens so
that all Americans, colored and white,
rich and poor, Gentile and Jew, can
en3y life, liberty and the pursuit of
happiness, then and not until then
will this country be in a position to
"clean up" other lands.
EQUAL RIGHTS LEAGUE.
A call signed by Rev. M. A. N.
Shaw, president, has been issued for
the National Equal Rights League to
meet at Chicago, 111., September 10
I honor the man who in the consci-
entious discharge of his duty dares to
strong fight will he made against dis
franchisement, segregation and jim
crowism in general. A drive will be
made for the passage of the Tinfcham
and Madden bills. Every local league
should at once elect delegates and
notify Mrs. Ida Wells Barnett, 3624
Grand Boulevard, Chicago, HI.
OPPOSE U. S. RULE.
Sir Gilbert Carter, who has been
governor of several of the islands of
the British West Indies, and who has
just returned* to England, says that
the islanders are wholly opposed to
any suggestion that the islands be
ceded to the United States as part
payment of Great Britain's war debt.
Sir Gilbert has been successively gov
ernor of the Bahamas, Barbados and
Trinidad he says, "the people would
resist a cession to the bitter end."
In all of the British West India
islands the colored population amount
to from 80 to 90 per cent and these
people, many of whom have visited
the United States, know what it
would mean to be ruled by bluster
ing, brutal American bullies. Lynch
ing is unknown there is no depriva
tion of political rights, no segration
and, if a colored jperson has the mon
ey and social graces, no social dis
Well may these happy people shud
der when they see Uncle Sam cast
ing his longing eyes at their rich ter
ritory. They know that American
rule would mean HELL, with a
"haytch, a hee and a double hell."
DR. PROCTOR AND HIS BACON.
Dr. H. H. Proctor, pastor of a con
gregational church in Atlanta, Ga.,
was at the congregational meet in
California recently, and in an address
finished with this peroration: "We
(the colored people) have brought
home the bacon, and we are going to
fry it and eat it in peace, but not in
the kitchen. We intend to eat at the
table with all the other groups of
That sounds well and we are glad
that Dr. Proctor talks that way, and
we hope he will get to work in At
lanta and see that a seat is provided
at the main table in the main dining
room for the colored man. Atlanta
is a good place to make a start, as
just now all the eating that the col
ored brother is doing there, is in the
kitchen. At the union station in At
lanta a colored person .may not go
to a train through the main entrance,
but enters under a sign "For Negroes"
about half way down the alley at the
side of the building. If he needs a
lunch he certainly must get it at the
"Negro Lunch Counter." Then he
proceeds down the platform to the
jimcrow car it's against the law to
sell a "negro" a sleeping-car ticket
in Georgia, so the colored traveler
passes a restless night in the jim
crow section of a day coach. In the
morning he is tired, worn and hun
gry, but cannot eat until the "jvhite
folks" have been served. After the
first, second and third calls for break
fast, the announcement is made,
"negroes are now being served in the
dining car," and then, and not until
then, can he eat unless he has been
thoughtful enough to bring a "sam
handwich" in his ipoqket. If Dr.
Proctor entered the smallest, dirtiest
white restaurant in Atlanta and ask
ed for a cup of coffee he would be
asked if he "had anything to carry
it in?" If any dark colored person thinks
the language of THE APPEAL is
overdrawn, just step down to Atlanta
and see, or if the distance is too
great and the cash too low, just drop
a line to some friend there about the
PROTEST AGAINST INJUSTICE.
We trust that our editorial friends
will print strong editorials and write
letters to the Secretary of War pro
testing against the color line in the
army, and advise the writing of let
ters of protest to every cabinet mem
ber portesting the color line "in the
various departments. And ask the
President to abolish segregation where
it can be done by executive order.
Let us stand toegther for the abso
lute abolition of the color line in
A QUESTION OF STATUS.
The Monitor of Omaha, prints tin
der the above beading, am editorial
which is so logical and conclusive
that we publish it in full:
"Well meaning people cannot un
derstand why the American of color
objects to being set apart by him
self. They seem to think that he is
not satisfied with his own people
and is therefore trying to force him
self into places and among people
who do not want him. This is to
miss the whole point. I is simply a
question of status. He objects to be
ing singled out and set apart and
denied privileges inherent in Amer
ican citizenship because he knows
that such procedure gives him a sta
tus of inferiority, which no self
respecting American citizen can ac
cept. He is either an American citi
zen or fyejs n#. IThe Constitution of
the United States considers him an
American citizen, American practice
in the denial of civil rights denies
him this status. Which is right, the
Constitution which guarantees full
rights of citizenship, or custom which
The' colored women who ijafe to
meet in Kansas City to organize a
partisan political league axe making
a great political blunder. It ought
to be nonpartisan, and votes ought
to be given to the party which guar
antees the greatest amount of justice.
K. K. K.
Chicago Klan In Weird Rites.
Special to THE APPEAL.
Chicago, August 18. In a cold
pouring rain 2,376 men were made
members of the "invisible empire" of
the Knights of the Ku Klux Klan at
the fanm of Charles Weeghman, near
Lake Zurich, between midnight and
1 a. m. yesterday.
White robed and hooded, with the
crimson cross on their breasts con
trasting against the whiteness of
their robes, between 8,000 and 9,000
members of the order participated in
the weird ceremonies.
Oath Is Administered.
The oath to protect the sanctity of
the home and woman's honor, to keep
separate the church and the state,
and to uphold white supremacy was
administered. The candidates arose,
and as each marched past a large
American flag at the altar he kneeled
again and kissed it.
The original Ku Klux Klan was
founded Jan. 27, 1866, in the hills of
Tennessee to combat "negro suprem
acy and the northern carpet baggers,*'
according to its chiefs. The present
organization, an outgrowth of the old
one, was incorporated in 1915 and is
now said to have more than 300,000
members north of the Mason-Dixon
So secretive are the klansimen re
garding the "invisible empire" that
they are said never to know whether
or not their neighbors are members,
said William Joseph Simmons, impe
rial wizard. The order, he said, is
designed to maintain the supremacy
of the white race. No Jews, Negroes
or Catholics are admitted
Constabulary on the Alert.
Walter P. Stuart, general superin
tendent of the department of con
stabulary, said yesterday his organ
ization of 7,000 men stand ready to
combat any campaign of intimidation
by the "knights" If the klan is a
worthy organization it should do
away with masks and fantastic hoak
um of fiery crosses and the like.
"The action of its members in set
ting themselves up as sentinels on
Tuesday and closing country roads to
autoists when it held an open-air fes
tival was high handed and illegal,"
Decry Secret Rites.
Sheriff Charles W. Peters stated he
could not give official sanction to the
order because of its proclivity, as he
called it, for taking the law into its
Arthur Burrage Farwell, head of
the Chicago Law and Order League,
protested the order's secrecy.
John M. Glenn, president of the
Illinois Manufacturers' Association,
said: "We seemed to have a very
good government already without the
Ku Klux trying to run things, too.
Who are they, anyway?"
Dr. John P. Brushingham warned
against a revival of the race riots of
1919. He served on the coroner's
jury. "If there is any indication that
it will be the means of stirring race
strife I am opposed to its operation
here," he said.
Protested by Colored.
The American Unity Welfare League
held a meeting protesting against the
newly formed Ku Klux Klan.
The resolutions, adopted and signed
by R, E Parker, editor, as chairman,
invited the klansmeii to hold the next
meeting in the Second ward, where a
"warm party" was promised them.
"We resolved at the meeting," Par
ker states, "to ask Mayor Thompson
and Gov. Len Smith to unmask every
member of this order and drive them
from Chicago. If they don't want to
do itsend 'em down to the Second
ward and we will.
The Ku Kluxers drove the colored
people from the South up to the
North and now they're up here try
ing to drive us back again. There's
PLEASE GIVE ONE DOLLAR
Fourteen hundred claims have been
filed against the city and county for
property burned during the riot
value of property burned nearly
Fifty colored men have been in
dicted. The city will not permit the
people to rebuild their property un
less they build bricks therefore thou
sands are living in tents with winter
fast approaching. About $4,000 has
been raised by the Colored Citizens
Relief Comimittee and N. A. A. C. P.
If 8,000 colored men wilL give a dol
lar the cause will be saved
WON'T YOU GIVE A DOLLAR
TO HELP THESE PEOPLE? Send
it today to
THE TULSA RELIEF COMMITTEE:
S. D. Hooker, Chair.,
J. Tyler Smith. Treas.
Tulsa, Okla., Gen. Del.
Or to EASTERN HEADQUARTERS,
1816 12th St. N. W.,
Washington, D. C.
Will Fight New G. O. P.
Atlanta, Ga, Aug. 10.It is war to
the hilt in Republican ranks in Geor
gia. This was shown by the big
mass meeting under the auspices of
the Fulton County Republican club
at Big Bethel Church. The attend
ance was estimated at 2,000. The
chief features of the meeting was
the passage of a resolution asking
John W. Martin, chairman of the old
state central committee, which hajs
been wiped out, to call a meeting of
his committee to consider the matter
and a request that the ten colored
men appointed on the committee quit
their jobs at once. Henry Linc61n
Johnson was asked to show his hand
when a resolution was passed re
questing him to make clear his po
sition to his constituency in the state
relatiev to the new committee and
Miller Says G. O. P. Is Pleased.
Washington, D. Aug. 10.Sec-
retary Clarence B. Miller of the Re
publican national committee is very
enthusiastic over the results achieved
by the reorganization in Georgia and
says similar efforts will be made to
reorganize the party in other South
ern states. In due order the national
committee proposes to take up the
same line of endeavor in Florida,
Mississippi, the Carolinas and other
TBI.. CESAR 0871
198 W THIRD ST.
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558 ST. ANTHONY AVE.
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438 SHERBURNE AVEL
And we'll show you some real "neck to
neck" finishes when you visit the big
MINNESOTA STATE FAIR
September 3 to 10
'OrSPT give up hope about
your feet, no matter what dis
couraging experiences you may
have had. Come here and let
us take care of you.
Florsheim makes many special
lasts to meet special foot needs.
A low instep last, for instance
an arch support last etc. You
may not be bothered with foot
troubles, but the fact that
Florsheims provide for them
shows how thorough they are
and we can take care of you.
Stanley Shoe Co,
421 Robert at Seventh
PEOPLES FUEL AND TRANSFER
MOVING AN HAULING O TRUNKS, BAGGAGE, PIA-
NOS AN HOUSEHO LD GOODS1TO ANY
PART O THE CITY.
We carry a full line of Coal, Coke and Wood.
CEDAR 7063 PHONES RES. DALE 6796
J. H. LAWSON
TAILOR SHOP & SHOE SHINING PARLOR
Suits Made To Order. Dry Gleaning, Pressing
Repairing, Shoe Shining. Ladies Work A Specialty
WE CALL FORAND DELIVER GOODS
317 JACKSON ST.
ST. PAUL STOVE & FURNACE REPAIR WORKS
Manufacturers and Jobbers
Repairs to Fit All Makes of Stoves, Ranges aid
Furnaces. We are Experts at Installing Furnaces.
1501 WESTERN AVBNtJB
THE GREAT TRUCK! FARMERS
Have made arrangements with a number of
grocers to handle their vegetables, which will
be brought in fresh every morning and may
be found by House wives at the following
*f&f$g[JT *&X $*&*$$%!&&%,
469 ST. PETER ST.
260 W. CENTRAL AVE.
315 RONDO 5T. *f thtegs