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AN AMERICAN NEWSPAPER
J. .ADAMS, EDITOR AND PUBLISHER
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Q ADAMS, Manager.
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Entered at the Postofflce In St. Paul,
Minnenota, an second-class mall
tatter, June 6, 1885, under
Act of Conere**,
Marco 3, 1879.
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SATURDAY, AUGUST 27, 1921
AFTER FORTY YEARS.
For forty years the editor of THE
APPEAL has battled with pen and
tongue against the rising tide of race
prejudice, discrimination, injustice and
He has seen state governments and
national administrations quail and
tremble before the onrushing waves
of hellish hate.
The so-eallled Christian church has
stood still and dumb before the bru
talities of a Godless land.
Many contemporaries have given up
the fight for justice and equality, but
many yet live who will never yield to
the oppressor, and so long as there
are even a dozen determined souls
who have sworn to do or die, the
fight will not be in vain.
The way is dark and the work is
made difficult by the foe within, but
victory will come. It can not be
that the present infamous conditions
will continue forever* Our children
and our children's children will reap
the benefits of our labors of today.
We are still unafraid. We will con
tinue the fight.
SOUTHERN "FORWARD" BUNK.
Recently there was a laymen's con
ference of the Methodist Episcopal
Church, South, held at Lake Juna
laska, N. and one Rev. W. W.
Alexander of Atlanta, Ga., took the
stage and said:
"The next big forward step in the
inter-racial readjustment is to come
from the South, and the reason for it
is perfectly apparent. The South can
afford to do it. Then too the South
has the social prestige to do this.
The social question figures largely in
the race question. So the South can,
when it will take the leadership in
inter-racial co-operation. I believe
that the South will assume the leader
ship with the same sort of pride and
determination as it led the nation.
It has been the universal opinion of
those who have come in close touch
with the question that Negro leaders
do not desire or seek social equality.
They have asked for police protec
tion, better housing and living con
ditions and a chanec to develop into
useful American citizens with every
determination to maintain their own
social life and the purity of the two
It is true that some of
In his enuemration of what the
colored people desire, Rev. Alexander
omitted two of the most important
things-r-the right to vote and the
aobhtion of public segregation. There
is absolutely no hope of a settlement
of the race question on just Amer
ican lines if the South is to have the
leadership, especially if that leader
ship is to eb vested in the Methodist
Episcopal Church, South, which has
ever been the foe of the colored peo
ple from the time of the split over
slavery in the forties up to the pres
ent time when the church refuses to
merge with the Methodist Episcopal
Church, North, because the latter
church elected colored bishops.
SEE YOUR CONGRESSMAN.
THE SIN OF SILENCE
To sin by silence when we should
protest makes cowards out of men.
The human race has climbed on pro
test. Had no voice been raised against
injustice, ignorance and lust, the in-
quisition yet would serve the law, and
guillotines decide our least disputes.
The few who dare must speak and
speak again to right the wrongs of
many.Ella Wheeler Wilcox.
crow "leaders" of the South have said
that they do not want anything but
police protection and do not care to
vote, etc., ad nauseam, but the color
ed people of the North will fight to
the last ditch against any scheme of
the South to impose its plan of set
tlement upon the country.
They know that the South has, in
all its "forward" movements pro
ceeded like the crabbackward. They
know that the colored citizens of the
South have been disfranchised, dis
criminated against, segregated, de
graded in every way, denied educa
tion, lynched, burned at the stake.
There have been riots and lynchings
in the North, but never a burning,
and for every lynching in the North
there have been 50 in the South.
Nowhere in the South have the
colored people any part in the local
government, and first of all they wish
the right to vote and participate in
the governments under which they
live. The colored people know that
the so-called Christian church has rethat
mained dumb for 50 years in spite of
growing anarchy, and now When it
speaks it comes with a jimcrow plan.
And as usual the South talks of
"social equality." The real intelligent
colored people all over the country
do not wish to be segregated from
other American citizens in the enjoy
ment of CIVIL RIGHTS. They do
not wish to be designated as pariahs.
This has nothing to do with inter
marriage, and it is the veriest rot to
say that it means intermarriage for
white and colored people to ride in
the same car or to go to the same
library. In the North, where there
are no jimcrow laws, colored and
white people go together in public
places without intermarriage. Mar
riages between white and colored
people are so rare that when they
occur, and that is seldom, there is a
long story in the papers about the
event. In the South, where there are
laws against intermarriage, practical
ly all of the UNLAWFUL mixing
goes on as it is promoted by the
difference in the social status of the
white and colored people. The surest
way to "maintain racial purity" would
be to repeal all of the Southern jim
crow laws. So long as the colored
people area voteless people and on a
lower social and civil plane, the il
legal racial mixing will continue.
That is history.
During the recess of Congress the
members will go to their respective
homes. As soon as you see in the
paper that your congessman is in
town go to him, no matter whether the white people but because Negroes
he is a Republican, Democrat or So- were preaching that we ought not to
cialist and ask him to vote for the try to vote or do anything else that
Wyer Anti-Lynchmg Bill, which makes the white people objected to. So I
the crime of lynching a Federal of withdrew the money I had in the
THE MAN WH O DARES
ense, punishable by the United States
courts. You could not use an hour
or two to better,*advantage for your
country. The bill has been pro
nounced constitutional by experts
who have examined it, and the vari
ous organizations which are support
ing it report that conditions are fa
vorable for its passage when Congress
reconvenes September 20. Bring al
the influence at your command to
bear on YOUR CONGRESSMAN, and
do it as soon as possible.
Lanier University, Atlanta, Georgia,
has been taken over by the Itu Klux
Klan, the president of the institution
has designed and William J. Simmons,
imperial wizard of the Ku Klux Klan,
has been elected president. The uni
versity is a Baptist institution, but
the charter has been amended so as
to penmit any "Christian" to become
a trustee "unless he is a Catholic,
Negro or a foreigner." It is rumored
the new course of study will in
clude, "Science and Method of K. K.
K." "Best Systems of Negro Intimi
dation." Every class will be opened
by reading a selection from the Bible,
a prayer and singing, "Onward, Chris
STEPPING OVER THE LINE.
The recent revelation of the census
that the increase of 6.5 per cent in
the "negro" population of the coun
try during the last decade was the
lowest on record has been accounted
for in many ways, but there is still
There are a lot of inaccuracies in
all United States Census reports.
The enumeration of the "negro" pop
ulation is based on a false premise,
and it follows that the figures are
The mixing of the races has been
going on for 300 years and still con
tinues in spite of law and public
opinion. In many cases it is impos
sible to decide who is "white" and
who is "colored" in the U. S., and
why is it necessary?
There are millions of so-called
"white" people in whose veins runs
Afric's warm blood, and yet they are
unaware of its presence. The editor
is personally acquainted with hun
dreds who are known as "white,"
but who have a percentage of Negro
blood in their veins, and whose chil
dren have not the remotest idea that
they are "colored." And if the edi
tor knows so many there must be
many known to others, but unknown
to the writer.
During the last decade, because of
the increase in race prejudice, thou
sands of "colored" people who would
really have preferred to have been
"colored" if they could have enjoyed
the rights of American^ citizenship
and economic opportunity have sim
ply stepped over the color line and
become "white." This is not so dif
ficult. Every "colored" person is
aware of this fact, and if any
"white" reader doubts it, just ask
any "colored" person if the state
ment is true.
Recently the [editor met a man
once "colored" who is now "white,"
and in conversation, he said: "I
realized that there was no hope of a
future for my children in Alabama,
not only because of the attitude of
I honor the man who in the consci
entious discharge of his duty dares* to
stand alone the world, with ignorant,
intolerant judgment, may condemn,
the countenances of relatives may be
averted, and the hearts of friends grow:
cold, but the sense of duty done shall
be sweeter than the applause of the*
world, the countenances of relatives or
the hearts of friends.-Charles Sumner.
bank, disposed of my interests and
cut loose from the jim-crow crowd
who were willing to endure condi
tions in Alabama without protest
and I am now living in Iowa as a
man, in all that word implies. Eight
other members of my family and
twenty other families from my
neighborhood have done (as I have
done and have settled the problem
so far as they themselves are con
cerned, and we have not forgotten
our brethren we left behind as we
all give about a tenth of our incomes
to aid them in various ways."
The "white" people who imagine
that they have succeeded in barring
all persons with Negro blood are
greatly mistaken. There are few
communities in the United States in
which there are not people of mixed
blood taking part in all industrial,
professional, civic and social activi
The census plan of designating all
persons with even the smallest per
centage of Negro blood as "negroes"
is basically wrong and is done in no
other country. Realty segregation is
just as much out of place in the
census as it is in anything else in a
democracy. All persons born in the
United Stages, no matter what their
race or color, should be classed as
Americans. AUGUSTIANS BURN DEAD BODY.
A long editorial in the Augusta,
Georgia, Chronicle, recently extolled
Augusta, Ga., as an ideal city, where
by a system of segregation the racial
relations are as near perfect as in
any place. The "negro" knew his
place and never dreamed of "social
equality" and consequently was re
spected by the whites. No lynching
had occurred in many years. (Lynch
ings seldom occur in large cities
owing to better police protection
than in rural districts.)
But when the showdown came it
was found that Augustans were not
superior to other Georgians and had
the same primitive blood lust found
in other localities. A crazy colored
man ran amuck, killing two and
wounding eight before he himself was
slain. He died in a hospital at mid
night and just before dawn the place
was surrounded by a mob which took
the dead body, carried it to the
country and burned it to a crisp.
The charred body was then taken
back to the hospital.
LET'S CLEAN U. S. A. FIRST.
In a recent speech in New Hamp
shire, President Harding declared that
the God-given destiny of America is
to reform the world.
A great deal of such talk was in
dulged in by former President Wil
son, who suggested reformation for
the world, but failed to do many
things which were needed at home.
THE APPEAL suggests to Mr.
Harding that there is work enough at
home. The United States is not the
proper leader for any kind of a re
form movement as there are too
many skeletons in her closet.
When the U. S. A. has eliminated
lynching, race riots, disfranchise
ment, segregation and discrimination
for a large group of its citizens so
that all Americans, colored and white,
rich and poor, Gentile and Jew,
enjoy life, liberty and the pursuit of
happiness, then and not until then
will this country be in a position to
"clean up" other lands.
EQUAL RIGHTS LEAGUE.
A call signed by Rev. M. A. N.
Shaw, president, has been issued for
the National Equal Rights League to
meet at Chicago, III, September 10-
14, at the Pilgrim Rest Baptist
Church, 33rd and Indiana avenue. A
strong fight will be made against dis
franchisement, segregation and jim
crowism in general. A drive will be
made for the passage of the Tinkham
and Madden bills. Every local league
should at once elect delegates and
notify Mrs. Ida Wells Barnett, 3624
Grand Boulevard, Chicago, 111.
DR. PROCTOR AND HIS BACON.
Dr. H. Proctor^ pastor of a con
gregational church in Atlanta, Ga.,
was at the congregational meet in
California recently, and in an address
finished with this peroration: "We
(the colored people) have brought
home the bacon, and we are going tp
fry it amd eat it in peace, but not in
the kitchen. We intend to eat at the
table with all the other groups of
That sounds well and we are glad
that Dr. Proctor talks that way, and
we hope he will get to work in At
lanta and see that a seat is provided
at the main table in the main dining
room for the colored man. Atlanta
is a good place to make a start, as
just now all the eating that the col
ored brother is doing there, is in the
kitchen. At the union station in At
lanta a colored person may not go
to a train through the main entrance,
but enters under a sign "For Negroes"
about half way down the alley at the
side of the building. If he needs a
lunch he certainly must)get it at the
"Negro Lunch Counter." Then he
proceeds down the platform to the
jimcrow car it's against the law to
sell a "negro" a sleeping-car ticket
in Georgia, so 1fte colored traveler
passes a restless night in the jim
crow section of a day coach. In the
morning he is tired, worn and hun
gry, but cannot eat until the "white
folks" have been served. After the
first, second and third calls for break
"negroes are now being served in the
dining car," and then, and not until
then, can he eat unless he has been
thoughtful enough to bring p, /*sam-
handwich" in bis pocjket. -if Dr.
Proctor entered the'smallest, dirtiest
white restaurant in Atlanta and ask
ed for a cup of coffee he would be
asked if he "had anything to carry
If any dark colored person thinks
the language of THE APPEAL is
overdrawn, just step down to Atlanta
and see, or if the distance is too
great and the cash too low, just drop
a line to some friend there about the
OPPOSE U. S. RULE.
Sir Gilbert Carter, who has been
governor of several of the islands of
the British West Indies, and who has
just returned to England, says that
the islanders are wholly opposed to
any suggestion that the islands be
ceded to the United States as part
payment of Great Britain's war debt.
Sir Gilbert has been successively gov
ernor of the Bahamas, Barbados and
Trinidad he says, "the people would
resist a cession to the bitter end."
In all of the British West India
islands the colored population amount
to from 80 to 90 per cent ancL these
people, many of whom have visited
the United States, know what it
would mean to be ruled by bluster
ing, brutal American bullies. Lynch
ing is unknown there is no depriva
tion of political rights, no segration
and, if a colored person has the mon
ey and social graces, no social dis
Well may these happy people shud
der when they see Uncle Sam cast
ing his longing eyes at their rich ter
ritory. They know that American
rule would mean HELL, with a
"haytch, a hee and a double hell."
PROTEST AGAINST INJUSTICE.
We trust that our editorial friends
will print strong editorials and write
letters to the Secretary of War pro
testing against the color line in the
army, and advise the writing of let
ters of protest to every cabinet mem
ber portesting the color line in the
various departments. And ask the
President to abolish segregation where
it can be done by executive order.
Let us stand toegther for the abso
lute abolition of the color line
A QUESTION OF STATUS.
The Monitor of Omaha, prints un
der the above heading, an editorial
which is so logical and conclusive
that we publish it in full:
"Well meaning people cannot un
derstand why the American of color
objects to being set apart by him
self. They seem to think that he is
not satisfied with his own people
and is therefore trying to force him
self into places and among people
who do not want him. This is to
miss the whole point. I is simply a
question of status. He objects to be
ing singled out and set apart and
denied privileges inherent in Amer
ican citizenship because he knows
that such procedure gives him a sta
tus of inferiority, which no self
American citizen can ac
cept. He is either an American citi
zen or he is not. The Constitution of
the United States considers him an
American citizen, American practice
in the denial of civil rights denies
him this status. Which is right, the
Constitution which guarantees full
rights of citizenship, or custom which
The attorney general of Georgia
declares that "the same rules and
regulations will apply to both sexes
in the white primaries. There can
be no exceptions." The Atlanta Jour
nal adds, "The attorney general also
points out the obvious fact that ne
gro men and negro women cannot
vote at white primaries"
A Southern newspaper headline
says, "President Harding Takes Hand
in Southern Rate Discrimination"
Say, boys, it would be great if it
were really so that one letter could
be changed to make the headline
read, "President Harding Takes Hand
in Southern Race Discrimination."
I. J.U.J. ii |L i,
The creation of the permanent
court of international justice has
been assured by the ratification by
Haiti and Spain of the agreement to
establish the court. These two rati
fications completed the requisite num
PLEASE GIVE ONE DOLLAR
Fourteen hundred claims have been
filed against the city and county for
property burned during the riot
value of property burned nearly
Fifty colored men have been in
dicted. The city will not permit the
people to rebuild their property un
less they build bricks therefore thou
sands are living in tents with winter
fast approaching. About $4,000 has
been raised by the Colored Citizens
Relief Committee and Ni. A, A. C. P.
If 8,000 colored men will give a dol
lar the cause will be saved.
WONT YOU GIVE A DOLLAR
TO HELP THESE PEOPLE? Send
it today to
THE TULSA RELIEF COMMITTEE:
S. D. Hooker, Chair.,
& J- Tyler Smith, Treas.
Tulsa, OMa., Gen. Del.
Or to EASTERN HEADQUARTERS,
1816 f12th St. NL Wl,
TEL. CESAR 0871
CEDAR 120 6
I OS E. 3RD ST.
558 ST. ANTHONY AVE.
588 RONDO ST.
881 RICE ST.
Ybu'll call it the best poultry show you
have seen when you attend the big
MINNESOTA STATE FAIR
September 3 to 10
-L^ON'T give up hope ahout
your feet, no matter what dis
couraging experiences you may
have had. Come here ancl let
us take care of you.
Florsheim makes many special
lasts to meet special foot needs.
A low instep last, for instance
an arch support last etc. You
may not be bothered with foot
troubles, but the fact that
Florsheims provide for them
shows how thorough they are
and we can take care of you.
Stanley Shoe Co.
421 Robert at Seventh
PEOPLES FUEL AND TRANSFER
MOVING AN HAULING O TRUNKS, BAGGAGE, PIA-
NOS AND HOUSEHOLD GOODS TO AN
PART O THE CITY.
We carry a full line of Coal, Coke and Wood.
198 W THIRD ST. SAINT PAUL
CEDAR 7063 PHONES RES. DALE 6796
J. H. LAWSON
TAILOR SHOP & SHOE SHINING PARLOR
Suits Made To Order. Dry Gleaning, Pressing
Repairing, Shoe Shining. Ladies Work A Specialty
WE CALL FOR AND DELIVER GOODS
317 JACKSON ST.
ST. PAUL STOVE & FURNACE REPAIR WORKS
Manufacturers and Jobbers
Repairs to Fit All Makes of Stoves, Ranges and
Furnaces, We are Experts at Installing Furnaces.
1501 WESTERN AVENUE
THE GREAT TRUCK FARMER
Have made arrangements with a number of
grocers to handle their vegetables, which will
be brought in fresh every morning and may
be found by House -wftres at the following
OARFIELD 291 8
488 ST. PETER ST.
288 W. CENTRAL AVE
315 RONDO ST.