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N AMERICAN NEWSPAPER
J. .ADAMS, EDITOR AND PUBLISHER
ST. PAUL OFFICE
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March 3. 1879.
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SATURDAY, OCTOBER 29, 1921.
WOULD SEGREGATE AMERICANS.
President Harding made a speech
Wednesday at Birmingham, Ala., on
the race problem, which displayed re
markable misinformation on the sub
ject due to the fact that he ha's evi
dently studied from one side only.
In his special message to the Con
gress -which met March 4, Mr. Hard
ing said that he looked with favor on
the idea of the appointment of an in
ter-racial commission to study racial
conditions in the United States.
There was no need for haste in an
nouncing hlfe view on a question which
could not have be'en studied proper^
in the short time since he, in June,
1921, announced his intention to do,
owing to his many and pressing offi
cial duties, and it seems that the
President has taken advantage of an
opportunity and thrust his views upon
the public ear, for the purpose of cre
ating a sentiment in favor of his ideas
on the subject, which were evidently
obtained from individuals and books
favorable to the South but inimical to
the real interests of the colored peo
The President erroneously con
founds "social equality" with amalga
mation. He says that amalgamation
cannot be, but it exists, it has always
existed and always will exist. The
combined efforts of the law and pub
lic opinion have failed to prevent the
mixing of the races. Throughout the
ages there has been so much racial
mixing that today the scientists and
ethnologists agree that "there is no
such thing as a pure race. In no
other country on the globe has there
been mote racial mixing than in the
United States which is the melting
pot of the world. The majority of
the people of the United States are
mixtures of various races and the
greater part of this majority is com
posed of people with more or less
Negro blood. The racial mixing in
the South is almost wholly illegitimate
as the laws make marriage between
the races a crime.
Now as to social equality, that ex
ists in some" part of the United
States and it is only in those parts
of the country which have more or
less of social equality that the colored
people have any rights which the
people respect. The very words,
"social equality" imply thatkall rights
are secure. In the South there is
neither equality nor respect for rights.
The contempt for the colored man is
largely due to his inferior social
status, which extends through all hu
man relationships in that benight
section of the country. Eyen at th
idea of race differentiation in any
form in the law, in the functions of
THE SIN OF SILENCE
speech of the President the colored
people were segregated and the dis
patches say, "In the white section
there was a silecnce which was abso
lute and stony, only one light flutter
of applause came when the President
said, "The Negro should be encour
aged to be the best possible Negro
and not the best possible imitation of
the white man." This seemed to
please a few of the whites who. evi
dently visioned a "good Negro" of
slavery days, who hat in hand bowed
low when "ole massa" approached.
When Harding was a candidate for
President, THE APPEAL doubted
that he would give colored people a
square deal and was not disposed to
support him but we were reassured
by letters signed by Chairman Hays
and Secretary Miller and many lead
ing Republicans, as well as the jim
crow campaign bureau that he would
be just to his allies. Also Editor Wil
liam Monroe Trotter said that he had
had a personal interview with the
President and he had promised to aid
eliminating segregation. Then
came a speech to a number of colored
delegations from the Harding front
porch, which began with, "Fellow
Americans" and ended with, "Colored
men, America will not fail you."
These assurances caused THE AP
PEAL to give candidate Harding
enthusiastic support. Our support,
probably, had little to do with the
anH Christianity. It- is a distinct. de
parture from the ideals of the found
ers of the Republic who declared that
"all men are created equal and en
dowed by their Creator with certain
inalienable rights, among them life,
liberty and the pursuit of happiness."
After his argument in favor of a
the government, and in public asso
ciation is contrary to a just concept
of a democracy in which all men are
presumed to be equal, and is repug
nant to the highest ideals of the
Christian's God, whbloos ^^e of one alwls nationto.
To sin by silence when we should
protest makes cowards out of men.
The human race has climbed on pro
test. Had no voice been raised against
injustice, ignorance and lust, the in-
quisition yet would serve the law, and
guillotines decide our least disputes.
The few who dare must speak and
speak again to right the wrongs of
many.Ella Wheeled Wilcox.
victory, but is mentioned to show that whether they are black or white, red,
this paper was not prejudiced against
Soon after the President assumed
his duties it was noticed that he
seemed to forget his promises. Se
gregation in 'the departments at
Washington was continued, three or
four jimcrow colored men were ap
pointed to jimcrow government posi
tions. Colored youth were segregated
in the army training camps and col
ored men were not allowed to enlist
the navy. In every way the Hard
ing administration has stood for the
segregation of colored citizens and it
is sad to relate that some jimcrow
men accept this jimcrow settlement
THE APPEAL does not believe, as
Mr. Harding puts it, that there is a
"fundamental, eternal and unescap
able difference between the races."
To do so would be to challenge God ww
an niiTicfioif-,T T4 ,J 4.44 i.Vuuiig
ruLtej. ma argument in iavor oi a 7
distinct place for the black and col-!
ored people, Mr. Harding tells us that'
the "one thing we must most sedu
lously avoid is the development of
group and class organizations in this
country." He argued against the very
thing which he has previously argued
for. There are just as many differ
ences between the individuals of any
one race as their are between the peo
pie of any number of races.
Portugal, there have never been any
racial hatreds founded on the color of
the skin and the same is true of South
and Central America. In these coun
tries, unhampered by class and color
distinctions colored men have risen to
the highest places in every branch of
human endeavor. There are more
full-blooded Negroes in Brazil than
in the United States and, counting
the mixed-blood population of black,
Indian and white, and the pure whites,
the population totals over 30,000,000
who live together in perfect harmony,
without any public differentiation of
race. There are no social barriers
whatever in Brazil and it is a com
plete refutation of the idea that there
must be social bars between the men
and women who are citizens of a
Color differentiation means the as
cendency of one caste and the degra
dation of the other. Social equality
does not necessarily mean amalgama
tion. That should be a matter for
individuals to determine. During the
coming disarmament parley, the Japa
nese will be treated with the greatest
social consideration. They will be
wined and dined and received at every
social function, meeting people who in
their hearts hold hatred toward them,
and in spite of all the social mingling
it is safe to say that not a single
marriage will result.
In a democracy like ours, all men
g Good Coal
Place Your Order With"
.THE REISS COAf i CO. i
GARFIEL 5341#85 E 4th GARFIEL 5341
yellow or brown, should meet in all
human relationships without racial
differentiationssimply as AMERI
COLORED AMERICANS MUST ACT.
The Dyer Anti-Lynching Bill has
been reported favorably by the com
mittee of the judiciary.
It is 'known as the
DYER ANTI-LYNCHING BILL
H. R. 13.
Now is the time to flood Congress
with telegrams, letters, even personal
visits to Washington.
We must let this Congress know
that a failure to bring the Dyer Bill
to a vote will be regarded as a be
We must let each representative
know that a vote against the Dyer
Bill will be known as a vote, for
GET BUSY, COLORED AMERI
NEW BOOZE RULES
The wets throughout theu country
are jubilant over the actio* in Con
gress allowing,w under the new rules co
The new rules cover comprehen
I sively the use of beer, wines and* spir
jituous liquors as medicines. The
amount of beer a physician may pre
scribe at one time for the use of the
i same person is limited to two and
one-half gallons, the equivalent
case, but no arbitrary limit is placed
a physician may write or the same
ain within a given pe
Two quarts of wine is the limit put
on- a single prescription for that bev
erage, but otherwise the regulations
are the same as for beer.
'Christianity is wrong. to a pint to the same person at one
If Mr. Harding had had the time .time.
to study the question and he had' Prescriptions for these medicines
studied it with an 6pen mind he would may be filled only by a licensed phax-
have found that in France, Spain and macist who is also a retail druggist,
Spirituous liquors limited
one ptat any aiy
Baby Welfare Association
Bethesda Invalid Home
Bethesda Receiving Home
Boy Scouts of America
Bureau of Catholic Charities
Catholic Infant Home
Christ Child Society
Community Center Work of
Guild of Catholic Women
St. Joseph Orphanage
St. Paul Orphanage
Children's Home Society
^Community Service League
Council of Mothers' Clubs
^Council of Mothers' Clubs
Shoe and Clothing
Crispus Attucks Home
Dental Clinics a
Disabled Veterans' Rest
Downtown Boys' Club
Farm School Y. W. C. A.
Fifth Ward Neighborhood
Free BedsMiller Hospital
or a' licensed pharmacist in the em
ploy of a retail druggist.
And the anti-prohibitionists feel
like they can enjoy more "personal
liberty" than they have been allowed
for some time.
So far as Minnesota is concerned
there is a state law that will prohibit
very much indulgence and there are
other states that will not be mate
The only states where the state
laws do not interfere with the pre
cription ofheer^ under the fedjeral reg
ulations are CalKo otma, Connecticut,
Massachusetts, Missouri, New Jersey,
New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Is
land, Wisconsin, and in some sections'
of Maryland and Louisiana.
Many permits have been issued for
the manufacture and sale of beer in
Wisconsin and Milwaukee has 5,000,-
000 gallons ready now.
Both wets and drys are considerably
wrought up over the. situation "and
there is much speculation ovef what
will be the ultimate outcome.
EGYPT TO BE FREE. *K
A special cable from London says
that England will soon give EgyptA
independence. The question of the
abolition of the protectorate is said to
be the basis of aMiscusSio now go
ing on in the British cabinet and also
a permanent treaty alliance with the
British empire when independence is
ANTI-LYNCHING BILL APPROVED,
The Dyer Anti-lynching Bill re
ported favorably in the House of Rep
resentatives at Washington Thurs
day provides that the county in
which, the outrage takes place shall
pay $10,000 to the/ family of the vic
Representative Dyer of St. Louis,
author of the bill, gave notice he will
press for early enactment.
The bill defines a lynching mob or
riotous assembly as constituting "five
or more persons acting in concert to
deprive a prisoner of life without au
thority of. law."
States or governmental subdivi
sions failing to protect a person
against such act shall be held to have
denied the person of his guaranteed
protection under the federal Consti
State, county or municipal officers
failing to make all reasonable efforts
to protect against a lynch mob or in
failing to arrest and prosecute mem
bers of such a mob shall be tried
in federal district courts on felony
charges, and on conviction be subject
to imprisonment not exceeding five
years or a fine of $5,000, or both.
Persons participating in the lynch
ing mob are liable to imprisonment
for five years.
That the strenuous activities of
the N. A. A. C. P. had much to do
with ^this favorable consideration
there is* no doubt.
Ha Mad Good!
The Cpmmunity Chest plan of financing St. Paul's
welfare work was an experiment a year ago.
Today I I a Prove Fact!
Every organization in the Chest
unanimously indorses the Chest
They Want It Continued!
These Fifty-One Organizations Ask Your Continued Support:
For the Aged will he supported
by the Community Chest next
year. Here is what some of its
board of directors say about
the Community Chest:
"The Communijy Chest plan
is broadly conceived. We hear
tily commend it to our friends.
GEORGE C. SHANNON
Give Once for All and Enough for All!
Community Chest Campaign Nov. 1 to 5
Suppose Nobody Cared?
A MISGUIDED MOVEMENT!
THE APPEAL has noticed in sev
eral papers the organization of the
Federal Employes' League composed
of colored federal employes, which we
believe is a great mistake and will
only serve to increase the segregation
now practiced in Washington. *$
There is already a Federal ^Em-
ployes' Union in which no color line
is drawn ancr to which federal em
ployes of all races, creeds and colors
are admitted, so the formation of a
segregated organization is not only
not necessary but positively danger
It is not surprising that Perry W.
Howard is the president of the or
ganization. The article refers to him!
as a Special Assistant Attorney Gen-'
eral, which he is not. Mr. Howard is I
Special Assistant TO the Attorney!
General which is quite a different]
thing. It is a segregated place.
How the men who have gone into
this organization can hope to eradi
cate segregation by segregating them
selves is not clear. The colored fed
eral employes should became mem
bers of the union which is open to
all and work in harmony with their
brother employes of various races,
creeds and colors.
Men and women, do not segregate
WERE THE CARDS STACKED?
Twenty-three years ago the United
States occupied the Philippine Islands,
promising independence for the Fili
pinos in about twenty years or as
soon as the natives were "qualified for
Shortly after coming into power-the
present Republican administration
sent a mission consisting of Gen.
Leonard Wood and W. Cameron
Forbes to investigate present condi
tions and the report just made, which
will not reach Washington for five or
six weeks, recommends that the Unit
ed States must keep the islands.
/Two months ago, long before the
investigation had beenf completed, Gen.
Wood was nominated for governor.3^
Did Uncle- Sam stack the cards on
the liberty-loving Filipino??
Goodwill Day Nursery
Home Demonstration Work
Horns for the Friendless
Jewish Home for the Aged
Jewish Welfare Association
Juvenile Court Committee
King's Daughters Ard Society
League of Protestant Women
Municipal and Patriotic
Mutual Aid Blind Assn.
Norwegian Lutheran Rescue
Protestant Orphan Asylum
St. Paul Institute
Salvation Army Corps Work
Salvation Army Rescue
Society for the Friendless
Union Gospel Mission Rescue
United Charities, including
Service and Relief
Legal Aid Bureau
Free Medical Dispensary
Y. M. C. A.
Y. W. C. A.
"The Georgia Peach"
(From the Chicago Whip.)
It is reported that Henry Lincoln
Johnson will soon be confirmed. He
may be confirmed by the Senate com
mittee, but he will never be confirmed
by the celestial committee which
passes upon the fitness of men to en
ter into the land of eternal reward.
Lincoln Johnson, in his own heart,
knows that he is not a fit represent
ative of the colored people in Ameri
ca, and any who know of his activi
ties in Chicago preceding the election
of President Harding will agree. Yet
fate sometimes plavs a peculiar card.
WILLIAM ALLISON SWEENEY
William Allison Sweeney, one of the
best known and most versatile and
forceful colored writers in the United
Spates, died in Chicago on Thursday,
Ought to Forget.
(From the Chicago Whip.)
A certain choir affiliated with one
of the largest Methodist churches of
Chicago will sing some of the old
slave melodies in Oak Park on the
evening of October 28th. Why the
choir is being advertised as perpetu
ating these relics of slavery and why
the choir will even sing these songs
which bring back the dreadful and
shameful memories of slavery we are
unable to tell. It seems that a proud
and progressive people would seek to
wipe out allmemories of serfdom and
slavery. The colored people are
strange in some respects.
/S.LVER WWW g|
In the list of names of donors of
the silver tea set at Mr. and Mrs. A.'
1 Gibbs and
vils from amongr those who gave the
handled silver flower vase