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SATURDAY, DECEMBER 10, 1921.
WtfRLD'S BEST NEWS:The
angel said unto them, Fear not for
behold, I bring you good tidings of
great joy, which shall be to all peo
ple. For unto you is born this day
in the city of David a Saviour, which
is Chi ist the Lord.Luke 2: 10, 11
THIRTY-EIGHT LYNCHED WHILE
CONGRESS DEBATES ANTI
The National Association for the
Advancement of Colored People, 70
Fifth Ave., New York, has made pub
lic a statement to the effect that since
the introduction of the Dyer Anti
Lynchmg Bill in Congress on April
11, 1921, there had been 38 persons
murdered by mobs the United
States, of whom two were burned,
four bodies being publicly burned
after lynching. One of those lynched
was a colored woman. Three were
Since the Dye* bill was favorably
reported by the Committee on the
Judiciary, on October 31, 1921, there
have been seven lynchmgs, one body
being publicly burned, Helena, Ark.
Among the causes assigned for
these lynchmgs are the following:
1. A colored man called to inquire
of a white girl why she had not re
plied to a note he had written her.
He was lynched for this offense.
2. An old man was accused of as
sisting a man to escape.
3. Two colored men were lynched
for aiding a third to escape.
4. One colored woman was thrown
from a bridge and drowned for as
sisting a colored man to escape.
Georgia leads in the list of lynch
ings since the Dyer bill was intro
duced, having had 10. Mississippi is
second with 7, South Carolina third,
with 5 Louisiana fourth,, with 4, and
Arkansas and Texas each have 3.
From the aboveveveryone
ily see the urgent necessity of writ
ing to the state Representatives' in
Congress urging their support for the
early passage of the bill.
JIM CROW LEADERS.
We present in this issue a sympo
sium of views of colored* editors in
various parts of the country on the
speaches of President Harding in Bir
mingham, Ala., and* Atlanta, Ga.
One of the strongest of these is an
editorial from the Richmond (Va.)
Planet, by that fearless journalist,
THE SIN OF SILENCE
To sin by silence when we should
protest makes cowards out of men.
The human race has climbed on pro
test. Had no voice been raised against
injustice, ignorance and lust, the in-
quisition yet would serve the law,*and
guillotines decide our least disputes.
The few who dare^must speak and
speak again to right the wrqngs of
many.Ella Wheeler Wilcox.
John' Mitchell, Jr. Referring to the
desire of President Harding to have
more "negro" leaders developed, The
THE SOUTH IS FULL OF THIS
KIND OF LEADERS. DR. BOTJK-
ER T. WASHINGTON DID HIS
PART IN DEVELOPING THIS
KIND OF LEADERSHIP. IN LAT-
ER YEARS HE REALIZED THAT
HE HAD GONE TOO FAR, TO THE
EXTENT OF ELIMINATING THE
PRINCIPLES OF MANHOOD,
WITHOUT WHICH NO RACE CAN
RISE TO THE FULL HEIGHT OF
This is a strong statement yet it is
absolutely true. No single thing in
the history of the colored people in
the United States has done so much
to prevent the fulkattainment of citi
zenship as that speech of Booker
Washington delivered in Atlanta, Ga.,
Since then the descent to hell has
been swift and sure and the depths
were sounded when the other day,
Warren G. Harding, President of the
United States* stood by the side of
the Grady monument in Atlanta, pro
nounced a eulogy on Henry W.
Grady, the most bitter, dangerous and
insidious enemy of the colored people
that the country has produced, de
clared that the race question must be
settled by the segregation of Ameri
Lured on by the enthusiastic recep
tion by the South of "the B. Washing
ton speech and the white man's
"good negro" pat on the shoulder, the
jimcrow leaders' tribe has increased
so enormously that it is now a men
ace to be reckoned with in every com
munity in which there area hundred
Before he died Booker Washington
repented in bitterness what he had
done and longed for life to wash out
his unwise course but it was too late.
Although it may be news to many, it
is a fact that after his death an
ticle, written by him, was printed in
a leading magazine, in which he re
pudiated segregation which he had
No greater calamity could befall
the colored people than the harvest
ing of a new crop of "jimcrow negro
THE MAN WH O DARES
The death of Abdul Baha will be
mourned by millions of his co-re
ligionists all over the_world and it is
now claimed that there is at least
50,000,000 of them, who practice as
well as preach that "of one blood God
made all nations."
There are many thousands of col
ored people in the United States who
have left orthodox Christianity and
have become Bahaists because of hy
procrisy of the so-called Christians on
the color question.
NOT A MAGNA CARTA
We are sorry to notice that some
I colored man has written an article in
which he says that President Hard
ing's Birmingham speech is a "Magna
Charta of Negro rights." Evidently
the gentleman, like President Harding
has not thought the question through.
Instead of being a great charter of
liberties, it is really a curse hurled at
the colored people from "which it will
take a thousand years to recover.
We have gathered together and
print in this issue many columns of
comment on the President's Southern
speeches and we recommend that the
people who have been disposed to
swallow the discourses in toto, should
read the articles carefully and learn
of the dangers which lurk in the
WERE THE CARDS STACKED?
Twenty-three years ago the United
States occupied^the Philippine Islands,
promising independence for the Fili
pinos in about twenty years or as
soon as the natives we^re "qualified for
Shortly after coming into power the
present Republican administration
sent a mission consisting of Gen.
Leonard Wood and W. Cameron
Forbes to investigate present condi
tions and the report, which has just
been made public, recommends that
United States must keep the
Months ago,-long before the investi
had been completed, Gen. Wood
was nominated for governor and is
now in office.
Did Uncle Sam stack the cards 'on
the liberty-loving Filipinos?
DEATH OF ABDUL BAHA.
A cable from Haifa Syria, an
nounced the death that city of
Abdul Baha Abbas, one of the great
est men of the day and the leader of
the Bahaist movement.
Abdul Baha, "servant of God,"
traveled through the United States in
1912 and visited St. Paul among other
places. He was the guest of the large
congregation of Bahaists in Chicago
the latter part of April and early in
May in 1912 and on May 1, he dedi
cated the site at the Sheridan road
bridge in Wilmette, a suburb of Chi
cago, where the Bahaists are nowconfirm
building a temple costing several mil
lions of dollars, to be the world cen
ter of Bahaism.
Abdul Baha was born in Teheran,
Persia. He was the successor of the
Bab, "gateway of knowledge," who
began about 1844 proclaiming
throughout Islam the coming of a
messenger of God and made much
headway until executed at the age of
31. The noble father of Abdul Baha
was Mirza Hossein Ali of Nour, a
disciple of the Bab.
Father and son were banished in
1868 to Akka, a prison city in Syria. Porto Ricans are demanding the re
Forty years later the Young Turks call of E. Mont Reily who was
overthrew the,despotic regime in Con- cently appointed governor. He is
stantinople, and Abdul Baha was charged with deep-seated 'prejudice
freed. against the natives.
I hdnor the man who in the consci
entious discharge of his duty dares to
stand alone the world, with ignorant,
intolerant judgment* may condemn,
the countenances of relatives may be
averted, and the hearts of friends grow
cold, but the sense of duty done shall
be sweeter than the applause of the
world, the countenances "of relatives or
the hearts of friends.Charles Sumner.
Under the heading "Gamaliel Emu
lates Gililean," the Republican Pub
licity Association is sending out to
Republican newspapers a lot of dope
comparing President Harding to Jesus
Christ, but' the resemblances are
many. Christ did not teach that there
were "fundamental, eternal and un-amalgamation
escapable differences" between hu
man beings. Rich and poor, bond and
free, black and white all looked alike
to the Galilean.
The U. S. Senate has refused to
Henry Lincoln Johnson as
recorder of deeds, even after he hadthings.
declared for the President's segrega
tion program. The fight against him,
was led by Senator Watson of Geor
Four coal black Africans are mem
bers of *the French Chamber of Depu
ties. France is the only great nation
which has admitted the principle of
direct representation of colonials in
the national parliament.
For fifty years we who, pro andhas
con, have discussed the Negro prob
lem, have been skulking behind a
phrase"Social Equality." Today
President Harding's speech, like sud
den thunder in blue skies, ends the
hiding and drives us all into the clear
light of truth.
We had our excuses perhaps in the
past: about every problem of human
relations lurks a penumbra of
N which we
would not discuss. It seems unnec
sary, inappropriate, beside the point.
And so defenders of the higher train
ing of women have hesitated to ex
plore- sex freedom for females and
I lovers of democracy have declined to
consider the possibility of the masses
voting their own wages.- It is not
that we have denied the ensuing prob
lems that shadow our main object,
but we have said with a certain
truth: Sufficient untov. the present
tangle is the obvious evil thereof. Jt
us follow the clear light and after
ward turn to other darknesses.
But sometimes this becomes sud
denly impossible. Sometimes the so-dangerous
considered minor problem is so tre
mendous and insistent that it leaps
to the forehand demands examination
and honest lacing. This is particu
lraly so when we have not simply
ignored the problem but have delib
erately and cynically lied about it,
denied it, and said not that "Social
Equality" was not a pertinent and
pressing problem but rather that it
was no problem at all.
The Birmingham Speech*.
now comes president Hard
ing's Birmingham speech when un
wittingly or deliberately the President
brings the crisis. We may no longer
dodge nor hesitate. We must all,
black or white, Northerner or South
erner, stand the light and speak
The President must not for a mo
ment be blamed because, when in
vited to the semi-centennial of a great
Southern city of industry, he talked
of the Negro instead of the results
of profitable mining. There is but
one subject in the South. The South
erners themselves can speak no other,
no other, act no other. The
eternal and inevitable Southern topic
is and has been and will be the Black
Moreover, the President laid down
three theses with which no American
can disagree without a degree of self
stultification almost inconceivable,
1. The Negro must vote on
same terms that white folk vote.
2. The Negro must be educated.
3. The Negro must have economic
The 'sensitive may note that the
President qualified these demands
somewhat, even dangerously, and
they stand out so clearly in his speech
that he must be credited with mean
ing to give them their real signifi
cance. And in this the President
made a braver, clearer utterance
than Theodore Roosevelt ever dared
to make or than William Taft or
William McKinlev ever dreamed of.
For this let us give him every ounce
of credit he deserves.
But President Harding did not
stop here. Indeed-he did not begin
here. Either because he had no ade
quate view of the end of the fatal
path he was treading or because, in
his desire to placte the white South,
he was careless of consequences, he
put first on his program of racial
settlement a statement which could
have been understood and was under
stood and we fear was intended to
be understood to pledge the nation,
the Negra race and the world to a
doctrine so utterly inadmissible the
twentieth century, in a republic of
free citizens and in an age of. hu
manity that one stands aghast at* the
motives and the reasons for the pro
It may to some seem that this
statement is overdrawn. Some puz
zled persons may sav: But' Negroes
have told me that thev
repudiate "Social Equality" and
of race in fact, right
here at Birmingham, Negro applause
of the President was audible.
All this does not minimizerather
it jemphasizes the grave crisis pre
cipitated by the President's speech.
It emphasizes the fact of our mental
skulking or transparent and delib
erate dishonesty in dealing with the
Social equality may mean two
The obvious ,and clear mean
ing is the right of a numan being to
accept companionship with his fel
low on terms of equal and reciprocal
courtesy. In this sense the term is
understood and defended by modern
men. It has not been denied by any
civilized man since the French Revo
lution. It is the foundation of de
Socracy and to bring it into being*.
ie world went through revolution,
war, murder and hell.
But there is another narrow, stilt
ed and unreal meaning, that is some
times dragged from these words,
namely Social equality is the right
to demand private social companion
shin with another.
Or to put it more simply: The
meaning of "social equality" is
eligibility to association with men,
and the forced and illogical meaning
is the right to demand private asso
ciation with any articular person.
Such a demand as the latter is idiotic
and was never made by anv sane
person while on the contrary, for any
person to admit that his character is
such that he'is physically and moral
lv unfit to talk or travel or eat with
his fellow men,-or that he has no de
sire to- associate with decent .people,
would b# an admission, whiclk none
but a leper, a criminal or a liar could
possibly make. It is the very essence
of self-respect and human% equality
and it carries with it no jot of arro
gance or assumptionit is simply
Despite this, for fifty years the
Southern white man has said to the
Negro: Do you* mean to say that
you consider yourself fit to associate
with white people? And the Negro
has answered but the question which
he answered waV not the one asked,
but rather the other totally different
^question: Do you mean to say that
you want to force your friendship
and company on persons who do not
want them? The answer to this is
obviously an emphatic and indignant
-No. But when the Negro said No,
he knew 1jhat he was not answering
the question the white man intended
to ask and the white man knew that
the Negro knew this, and that he him
self had purposely asked a question
of double a^nd irreconcilable meaning,
when he said, "Do^you^want Social
i% a Credit
Comments on President sSoiliern Speeches
President Hariin and Social Equality Equality?" Negro races in this land never have of President Harding:
(From the Crisis4 And so this undeceiving deception |mixed? There are by census reports lone breath:
ciate with them, if he be a Negro or
of Negro descent.
Let us sweep away all quibbling.
Let us assume that the President was
sane and serious and could not andhave
did not mean by "social equality"
anything so inconceivable as the right
of a man to invite himself to an
other man's dinner table. No. Mr.
Harding meant that the American
Negro must acknowledge that it was
a wrong and a disgrace for Booker
T. Washington to dine with Presi
The answer to this inconceivably
and undemocratic demand
must come with the unanimous ring
of 12 million voices, enforced by thephysically
voice of every American who believes
Let us henceforward frankly ad
mit that which we hitherto have al
ways known: that no system of spcial
uplift which begins by denying the
manhood of a man can end by giving
him a free ballot, a real education and"
a just wage.
Let us confess that the pseudo
science to which the President un
happily referred as authority, and
the guilty philanthropy which has
greedily levelled racial barriers and
now seeks with the blood-stained
hands of a Lugard to rearrange them
so that profit may emerge and man
hood be dammedlet us confess that
all this is vain, wrong and hypocrit
ical and that every honest soul today
who seeks peace, disarmament and
the uplift of all men must say with
the Pan-African Congress:
"The absolute equality of races
physical, political and socialis the
founding stone of world peace and
human advancement. No .one denies
great differences of gift, capacity and
attainment among individuals of all
races, but the voice of science, religion
and practical politics is one in deny
ing the God-appointed existence of
superior raees, or of races naturally
and inevitably and eternally "inferior."
To deny this fact is to throw open
door of the world to a future of
hatred, war and murder such as never
yet has staggered a bowed'and cruci
fied humanity. How can a man bring
himself to conceive that the majority
of mankindChinese, Japanese, In
dians and Negroes are going to ^stand
and acknowledge to the world that
they are unfit to be men or to asso
ciate with men, when, they know they
But President Harding does not
stop even here. He declares, "Racial
amalgamation there cannot be."
What does the President mean?
Does he mean that the white and
gone on for fifty years until the over two million acknowledged mu-| Especially would I* appeal to the
President of the United States,
throwing caution to the winds, has
either boldly or unwittingly an
nounced as a national policy that
"men of both races may well stand
uncompromisingly against every sug
gestion of Social Equality."
Or in other words, that no man,over
no matter how civilized, decent or
gifted he may be, shall be permitted
to associate with his fellow on
terms of equality or want
lattoes in the United States today
and witout doubt there are, in fact,
no less than four million persons with
white and Negro blood
Does he mean that there is no amal
gamation today? Between 1850 andsuch
1921-the mulattoes have increased
400 per cent. Does he meain
there will be no future amalgama
tion? How does he know?
Or does he mean that it would be
better for whites and blacks not totoo
amalgamate? If he meant that, why
did he not say so plainly? And if he
had said so, 99 per cent of the Neso
groes would agree with him. We
not 'asked amalgamation we
have resisted it. It has been forced
on us by brute strength, ignorance,
poverty, degradation and fraud. It
is the white race, roaming the world,
that has left its trail of bastards and
outraged women and then raised holy
hands to heaven and deplored "race
mixture." No, we are not demand
ing and do not want amalgamation,
but the reasons are ours and nothe
yours. It is not because we are uneigners
worthy of intermarriage either
or mentally or morally. It
is not because the mingling of races
has not and will not bring mighty
offspring in its Dumas stnd Pushkin
and Coleridge-Taylor and Booker
Washington. It is because no real
men accept any alliance except on
terms of absolute equal regard and
because we are abundantly satisfied
with our own race and blood. And
at the same time we say and as free
men must say that whenever two hu
man beings of any nation or race de
sire each other in marriage, the dethe
nial of their legal right to marry is
not, simply wrongit is lewd.
Segregation and Race Pride.
And this brings us to the last word
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ACROSS FROM THE GOLDEN RULE.
He says in
self-respect of the colored race. 1^
would inculcate in it the wish to im
prove itself as a distinct race with a
heredity, a set of traditions, an array
of aspirations all its own. Out of
racial ambitions and pride will
come natural segregations.
The one thing we must sedulously
avoid is the development of group and
class organizations in this country.
There has been a time when we heard
much about the labor vote, the
business vote, the Irish vote, the Scan
dinavian vote, the Italian vote, and
on. But the demagogues who
would array class against class and
group against group have fortunately
found little to reward their efforts.
Is the President calling himself a
demagogue? Does he not realize the
logical contradictions of his thought?
Can he not see his failure to recog
nize the universal in the particular,
the menace of all group exclusiveness
and segregation in the forced segre
gation of American Negroes? Can
not in this day of days with for
of every race flocking to
Washington and the eyes of a blood
weary world strained after* them
can he not realize the vast, the awful
implications of this appeal to the
Frankenstein of race exclusiveness
that hateful thing which has mur
dered peace and culture and nations?
Does he not hear the answer that
leaps to our lips? For when Warran
Harding or any white man comes to
teach Negroes pride of race, we an
swer that our pride is our business
and not theirs, and a thing they would
better fear rather than evoke: For
day that black men love black men
simply because they are black, is the
day they will hate white men simply
because they are white.
And then, God help us all!
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