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AN AMERICAN NEWSPAPER
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No 2812 Tenth AVPMHP ont\
J. IV. 8KI.IiF.RS. Msnatrvr
Entered at the PoNtoffice In St. Paul.
Mlnne.ota, aa aecond-claaa mat
matter, Jane 6. 1885, under
Ac4 of Congress,
March S. 1879.
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SATURDAY, DECEMBER 31, 1921.
NEW YEAR GREETING.
A BENEDICTION FOR THE NEW
YEAR: The Lord bless thee, and
keep thee. The Lord make his face
smile upon thee, and be gracious unto
thee. The Lord life up his counte
nance upon thee, and give thee peace.
A HAPPY NEW YEAR.
With this, the 53d issue of THE
APPEAL for 1921,~we close the year
and also the 37th volume of the pa
We started out at the beginning of
this year, with some hope that the
change from eight years of Wilson
asm to a Republican administration,
would bring with it many desirable
changes for us but ,after about ten
months of the new^ regime, we fail
to see that we have much, if anything,
to point to witn pride that has been
brought about by the present admin
Judging the future by the past, we
have no good reason to feel that con
ditions for us will soon materially
chage for the better, yet, as we never
known what the future may bring
forth, and as hope springs eternally
in the human breast we are inclined
to hope for better things and to wish
for us all
A HAPPY NEW YEAR.
CHARLES S. MORRIS, JR., RAPS
1 Gipsy Smith, the -evangelist, con-
ducted a three weeks' revival cam
paign in Norfolk, Va., at the Taber
nacle, which seats 10,900 persons.
Colored people were rigidly excluded
from these meetings. Suddenly, be
cause of financial reasons, an invita
tion was extended to them for a spe
cial afternoon meeting. Then a num
ber of the colored ministers accepted
the invitation to the jim crow meet
ing, and led something like 6,000 of
their congregations to this meeting
and they constituted the entire audi
ence, the white seekers for salvation
being conspicuous by their absence.
This was the second time that such a
meeting had been held in two years.
The following Sunday at Queen
Street Baptist church, Charges
4 5 f/
aaife^^.'l^-v^- BJ^^^j^HaMj^iWaa^- aaaeiiwayKw^
To sin by silence when we should
protest makes cowards out of men.
The human race has climbed on pro
test. Had no voice been raised against
injustice, ignorance and lust, the in-
quisition yet would serve the law, and,
guillotines decide our least disputes.
The few who dare must speak and
speak again to right the wrongs of
Ha Wheeler Wilcox.
Satchell Morris, Jr., "a chip of theest
old block," addressed a meeting of
nearly 2,000 people including a body
of clergymen and severely trounced
the ministers and their people for at1912
tending the jim crow Gipsy Smith
meeting. He chose as his subject,
"The Blocks with which we Build,"
and plead for character, courage,
faith, aspiration and loyalty.
He declared the colored man wasbridge
too largely an imitator and not suffi
ciently a creator. "We have forty so
called Black Billy Sundays and notlions
one of them is worth his weight in
sawdust. Indeed we appear to have
been dedicated to the proposition of
enthroning everything white and de
throning everything black.
In speaking of loyalty to ourselves
he waxed exceedingly bitter and vi-messenger
trohc when he referred to the Gypsy
Smith jim crow meeting. And when
he said, "Down with those weak
kneed, cringing, cowardly colored
preachers, who led their flocks to the
slaughter, yea to be crucifixed on the
cross of the white man's prejudice,"
the great crowd leaped to its feet and
attested that for that word it had
been waiting. "Some of these old
mothers," said he, looking to some of
the aged females of his audience,
"with the snows of seventy winters
upon their brow that never can melt,
can practice more Christianity in five
minutes than Gypsy Smith and
gang of profiteering discriminators in
We are very fortunate in having a
man like Mr. Morris, and a few
others who don't fail to rap
crowism on all occasions. May
THIRTY-EIGHT LYNCHED WHILE
CONGRESS DEBATES ANTI
The National Association for thewhich
Advancement of Colored People, 70
Fifth Ave., New York, has made pub
lic a statement to the effect that since
the introduction of the Dyer Anti
Lynchmg Bill Congress on April
11, 1921, there had been 38 persons
murdered by mobs in the United
States, of whom two were burned,
four bodies being publicly burned
after lynching. One of those lynched
was a colored woman. Three were
Since the Dyer bill was favorably
reported by the Committee on theswallow
Judiciary, on October 31, 1921, there
have been seven lynchings, one body
being publicly burned, in Helena, Ark.
Among the causes assigned for
these lynchings are the following:
1. A colored man called to inquire
of a white girl why she had not re
plied to a note he hard written her.
He was lynched for this offense.
2. An old man was accused of as
sisting a man to escape.
3. Two colored men were lynched
for aiding a third to escape.
4. One colored woman was thrown
from a bridge and drowned for asdesire
sisting a colored man to escape.
Georgia leads in the list of lynch
ings since the Dyer bill was intro
duced, having had 10. Mississippi is
second with 7, South Carolina third,
with 5 Louisiana fourth, with 4, and
Arkansas^and Texas each have 3.
From the above everyone may read
ily see the urgent necessity of writ
ing to the .state Representatives in
Congress urging their support for the
early passage of the bill.
DEATH OF ABDUL BAHA.
A cable from Haifa Syria, an
nounced the death in that city of the history of the colored people in
Abdul Baha Abbas, one of the great- the United States has done so much
men of the day and the leader of
the Bahaist movement.
Abdul Baha, "servant of God,"
traveled through the United States in
and visited St. Paul among other
places. He was the guest of the large
congregation of Bahaists in Chicago
the latter part of April and early in
May in 1912 and on May 1, he dedi
cated the site at the Sheridan road
in Wilmette, a suburb of Chi
cago, where the Bahaists are
building a temple costing several mil
of dollars, to be the world cen
ter of Bahaism.
Abdul Baha was born in Teheran,
Persia. He was the successor of the
Bab "gateway of knowledge," who
began about 1844 proclaiming
throughout Islam the coming of a
of God and made much
headway until executed at the age of
31. The noble father of Abdul Baha
was Mirza Hossein Ali of Nour, a
disciple of the Bab.
Father and son were banished in
1868 to Akka, a prison city in Syria.
Forty years later the Young Turks
overthrew the despotic regime in Con.v
stantinople, and Abdul Baha was
The death of Abdul Baha will be
mourned by millions of his co-re
ligionists all over the world and it is
now claimed that there is at least
50,000,000 of them, who practice as
as preach that "of one blood God
made all nations."
There are many thousands of col
ored people in the United States who
have left orthodox Christianity and
become Bahaists because of hy
of the so-called Christians on
the color question.
NOT A MAGNA CARTA
We are sorry to notice that some
colored man has written an article in
he says that President Hard
ing's Birmingham speech is a "Magna
Charta of Negro rights." Evidently
the gentleman, like President Harding
has not thought the question through.
Instead of being a great charter of
liberties, it is really a curse hurled at
the colored people from which it will
take a thousand years to recover.
We have gathered together and re
print in this issue many columns of
comment on the President's Southern
speeches and we recommend that the
people who have been disposed to
the discourses in toto, should
read the articles carefully and learn
of the dangers which lurk in the
JIM CROW LEADERS.
We present in this issue a sympo
sium of views of colorea" editors in
various parts of the country on the
speeches of President Harding in Bir
mingham, Ala., and Atlanta, Ga.
One of the strongest of these is an
editorial from the Richmond (Va.)
Planet, by that fearless journalist,
John Mitchell, Jr. Referring to the
of President Harding to have
more "negro" leaders developed, The
THE SOUTH IS FULL OF THIS
KIND OF LEADERS. DR. BOOK-
ER T. WASHINGTON DID HIS
PART IN DEVELOPING THIS
KIND OF LEADERSHIP. IN LAT-
ER YEARS HE REALIZED THAT
HE HAD GONE TOO FAR, TO THE
EXTENT OF ELIMINATING THE
PRINCIPLES OF MANHOOD,
WITHOUT WHICH NO RACE CAN
RISE TO THE FULL HEIGHT OF
This is a strong statement yet it is
absolutely true. No single thing in
to prevent the full attainment of citi
zenship as that speech of Booker
Washington delivered in Atlanta, Ga.,
Since then the descent to hell has
been swift and sure and the depths
were sounded when 'the other day,
Warren G. Harding, President of the
United States, stood by the side of
the Grady monument in Atlanta, pro
nounced a eulogy on Henry W.
Grady, the most bitter, dangerous and
insidious enemy of the colored people is,
that the country has produced, de
clared that the race question must be
settled by the segregation of Ameri
Lured on by the enthusiastic recep
tion by the South of the B. Washing
ton speech and the white man's
"good negro" pat on the shoulder, the
jimcrow leaders' tribe has increased
so enormously that it is now a men
ace to be reckoned with in every com
munity in which there are a hundred
Before he died Booker Washington
repented in bitterness what he hadthe
done and longed for life to wash out
his unwise course but it was too late.
Although it may be news to many, it
is a fact that after his death an arbut
ticle, written by him, was printed in
a leading magazine, in which he reclusively.
pudiated segregation which he had
No greater calamity could befall
the colored people than the harvest
of a new crop of "jimcrow negro
WERE TH E CARDS STACKED?
Twenty-three years ago the United
States occupied the Philippine Islands,
promising independence for the Fili
pinos in about twenty years or as
soon as the natives were "qualified for
Shortly after coming into power the
present Republican administration
sent a mission consisting of
Leonard Wood and W. Cameron
Forbes to investigate present condi
tions and the report, which has just
been made public, recommends that
the United States must keep the
Months ago, long before the investi
gation had been completed, Gen. Wood
was nominated for governor and
now in office.
Did Uncle Sam stack the cards on
the liberty-loving Filipinos?
TRUE TO FORM.
At the Detroit Methodist conference
Emmett J. Scott declared "The Negro
does not ask social equality and never
has asked it. All he asks is social
justice." But, pray how can the col
ored man get "social justice unless he
has every kind of equality before the
law and in public opinion?" Domi
nant people do not give exact justice
to people they consider their inferiors.
Scott was private secretary to
Booker Washington for nearly twenty
years and" was well trained to reiter
ate that, the colored man does not
want that and other things which
would please the South. Now that he
is away from Tuskegee he ought to
learn a new tune.
Under the heading "Gamaliel Emu
lates Gililean," the Republican Pub
licity Association is sending out toin
Republican newspapers a lot of dope
comparing President Harding to Jesus
Christ, but the resemblances are not
many. Christ did not teach that there
were "fundamental, eternal and
escapable differences" between hu
man beings. Rich and poor, bond and
free, black and white all looked alike
to the Galilean.
HONOR GIVEN WHEN DUE.
It is with very much satisfaction
that we learn, Rene Maran, a young
colored author, born on the Island of
Martinique, French West Indies, has
won the annual prize of the Gon
court academy for the best French
novel, of 1921. The novel, entitled
"Batouala," deals with colored life in
Central Africa, the race question and
problems and aspirations of the col
ored people. France has a very
pleasing way of giving honor wher
ever due and talent is duly and fully
recognized even when found under a
colored skin. Vive la France.
CRINGING AWAKENS CONTEMPT.
Porto Ricans are demanding the re
call of E. Mont Reily who was
against the native?s
The following from the Richmond
Planet upholds THE APPEAL'S con
tention and says truly that the policy
will serve to "fan the flames of race
Hon. Charles R. Forbes of Seattle,
Washington, who was recently ap
pointed Director of the United States
Veterans' Bureau, has seen fit to ap
point Dr. J. R. A. Crossland of St.
Joseph, Mo., "Special Expert" in this
department to look after the inter
of colored ex-servicef men. This
fittmg recognition one of our
^ablest leaders. Nevertheless, it em
phasizes the drawing of the color line
against which the far-seeing leaders
of the colored people in this country
have protested without seeming effect.
Under this ruling, it may soon be
expected that Irish-American citizens
will be appointed only with the under
standing that they shall look after
the Irishman's interests. Hebrews
will look after those affairs, which
affect the Jews. Indians will be ap
pointed to look after the interests of
the- Indians, the Germans to look after
the Germans. Italians to look after
the interests of the Italians, and so
Dr. Crossland gave an only son to
cause Europe and as a result,
he is confined in his operations to the
race with which his son was identi
fied. We understand now, that col
lored men will hold offices all right,'
these offices will be confined to
work amongst the colored people ex
This will fan the flames of
rac prejudice rather than stamp out
crowning infamy of this age.
Financially, we may be benefited, but
as a matter of fundamental princi
ple, we are needlessly humiliated and
our progress in the direction of full
American citizenship and its attend
ant privileges checked for many years
(From the Chicago Whip.)
Dr. J. R. Crossland of St. Joseph,
Mo., has been appointed to handle the
claims of the black veterans of the
late World War. The claims of the
black soldiers are the same- as those
of the white and Dr. Crossland has
really accepted a Jim Crow job.
Perry Howard, another prominent
"Uncle Tom" politician, also accepted
a Jim Crow job. As long as we take
political handouts, as long as
our "leaders" are too hungry to re
fuse them, of course they will be ten
dered our race.
The U. S. Senate has refused to
confirm Henry Lincoln Johnson as
recorder of deeds, even after he had
declared for the President's segrega
tion program. The fight against him
was led by Senator Watson of Geor
THE N. A. A. C. P.
We cannot win by blinking at facts I the afternoon is to* be held
or by ignoring fundamental princi
ples. Editor J. Q. Adams of the ST.
PAUL APPEAL is sound to the core
and we shall all have to accept his
kind of leadership if we expect to at
tain our full stature and status under
the American Constitution. Cringing
may be comfortable for the time be
ing put it is mighty humiliating for
all the time thereafter and it awakens
contempt for us "as it should do iners
the minds and hearts of our adver
Editor Adams points the wayRev.
whether we accept his advice or not
and sooner or later he wil blaze the
way to our financial, industrial and
political enfranchisement in this
country where none will dare molest
us or make us afraid. Wise colored
leaders will take notice and govern
The foregoing from The Planet of
Richmond, Va., edited by Hon. John
Mitchell, Jr., who recently polled
20,000 votes as candidate for gov
ernor of the state, is pleasing to theof
editor but we accept it as a tiibute
to the cause for which THE APPEAL
has-fought for nearly forty years
rather than a personal compliment.
He is Lodge^ 105," Ames" Lodge 106, "and
Prejudice Minnehaha'Temple 129 Ire cordially
TEL. CEDAR 087 1
306 COURT BLOCK
Announces Its Annual Meeting
January 3, 1922.
The National for
Advancemente of Colored People, 70
Fifth -Ave., New York, has an
nounced its ariftual meeting of the
Association Januar 3 1922eth
business meeting at 2 o'clock in
in the Ru
sell Sage Foundation Building, 130
East 22nd St., New York, and is to
be followed by a mass meeting in the
Palace Casino, 135th St. and Madison
Ave., at 8 P. M.
The Dyer Anti-Lynching Bill and
the Arkansas peons are to be dis
cussed at the mass meeting, and it is
exepcted that Representative Leon
ldas C. Dyer, who introduced the
anti-lynching bill in Congress, will be
one of the speakers. The other speak
will be James Weldon Johnson,
secretary of the N. A. A. C. P.
Charles Edward Russell, member of
the Board of the N. A. A. C. P., and
Mordecai W. Johnson, a brilliant
and forceful speaker now studying at
Harvard University, on leave of ab
sence from his church in Charleston,
Mr. James Weldon Johnson will
make a full report of the action of
the N. A. A. C. P. in defending jhe
victims of the riots in Arkansas and
of the ten-year fight of the N. A. A.
C. P. against lynching, culminating in
the present Dyer Anti-Lynching'Bill.
At the afternoon meeting of the
N. A. A. C. P., the annual reports
will be read of the secretary, treas
urer and other officers and members
the Board of Directors will be
Whatever you do don't forget to
attend the special sermon of Como
Temple 128, Daughter Elks, Sunday
evening, Jan. 1, 1922, at St. Jame's
A. M. E. church. The sermon will be
preached by Dr. H. L. P. Jones. Spe
music by senior choir. Gopher
THE STANDARD FROM OCEAN TO OCEAN
lOS W THIRD ST.
(APPEAL Editorial Sept. 3, 1921.)
THE APPEAL is sorry to note that
the color line has been drawn in the
new Veterans' Bureau by the organ
ization of a "Colored Division" and
the appointment of Dr. J. R. A. Cross
as its head.
Crossland lost a son who fell "fight
ing for democracy" in France, jmd it
is a poor reward for the father to
be given a segregated bureau It is
also said that he was an effective
speaker in the last campaign, in
which it was given out that the Re
publican party would abolish segre
gation in the departments at Wash
ington. If these things are true
Crossland deserves better treatment
at the hands of the victors, and heHigh
also should have refused the appoint
ment as undemocratic and demanded
the same treatment as is given* to
other groups of American citizens.
One Lasker, a Jew, was made head
of the U. S Shipping Board. Repre
sentatives of other racial groups Have
been given places, but not in segre
gated bureaus. No President of the
United States would dare offer a Jew
a place as the head of a segregated
Jewish bureau There is no such
place and never will be Only color
ed people are segregated by this al
Some people may think that the
"special" appointments which have
been handed out by the present Re
publican administration are forward
movements, but they are really nails
the coffin of democracy and are
dangerous to the social and political
status of the colored people.
The Administration ought to cut
out these "special" jobs, eliminate
segregation which was promised in
campaign, and if colored men are
to have appoinotments let them be
on a level with those given to other
groups of American citizens.
Better no places at all than those
which lower the status of the race
and automatically make their holders
defenders of segregation.
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"HUMAN NATURE'S FOULEST BLOT."
My ear is pained
My soul is sick with every day's report
Of wrong and outrage, with which earth is filled.
There is no flesh in man's obdurate heart.
It does not feel for man: the natural bond
Of brotherhood is severed as the flax
That falls asunder at the touch of fire.
He finds his fellow guilty of a skin
Not colored like his own: and having power
To enforce the wrong, for such a worthy cause
Dooms and devotes him as his lawful prey.
Thus man devotes his brother, and destroys:
'Tis human nature's broadest foulest blot.
SAINT PAUL 4**^
ST. PAUL, MINN.