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AN AMERICAN NEWSPAPER
J. .ADAMS, EDITOR AND PUBLISHER
ST. PAUL OFFICE
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SATURDAY, JANUARY 7, 1922.
GUARD YOUR THOUGHTS.
Finally, brethren, whatsoever things
aie true, whatsoever things are hon
est, whatsoever things are just, what
soever things are pure, whatsoever
things are lovely, whatsoever things
are of good report if there be any
virtue, and if there be any praise,
think on these things. Philippians
ONE MORE OF THE "OLD GUARD"
In the death, in Washington, D. C,
the latter part of last month, of
Pinckney Benton Stewart Pmchback
at the ripe age of 84, we lose one of
our most striking and historic char
Few, if any, men among us had so
varied a career as Pinchback.
He was born in Macon, Ga., but at
the outbreak of the Civil War he was
living in New Orleans, La., and was
made captain in the Louisiana Native
Guards. He was a very fine looking
man and made many trips to the
cities on the Ohio and Mississippi
rivers. Few men were more widely
or more favorably known than Le
During the reconstruction period
after the war he was quite active in
politics both state and nation. He
was a member of the Louisiana con
stitutional convention in 1868 and at
the following election was elected to
the state senate. When Oscar J.
Dunn, who was lieutenant governor,
died in 1870, Pinchback was elected to
fill the vacancy, and when Governor
Warmouth was impeached .PinchbackJ
was acting governor fo? \Zl Ias
since which time ,4*ej 'has .been gener
ally known as "povfernoy- Piie^bat&"
having enjoyed the 'disftiichon* -df ''be-
ing the only colored man who served
as governor of one of the United
States. He was delegate at large to
the Republican national conventions
of 1868 and 1884. He was at one
time a member of the school board,
served as president of the board of
police commissioners and was ap
pointed surveyor of the part of New
Orleans. He was elected on the re
turns representative at large from
Louisiana but his seat was contested
by Gen. Geo. A. Sheridan who won
out just one day before the term e^-
^WpIred^Pinchback collected the salary
f^^fov the nearly two years of the con
test. At the same period Pinchback
bad been elected U. S. senator by the
THE SIN OF SILEBCR
CHARLES S. MORRIS, JR., RAPS
Gipsy Smith, the evangelist, con
ducted a three weeks' revival cam
paign in Norfolk, Va., at the Taber
nacle, which seats 10,900 persons.
Colored people were rigidly excluded
from these meetings. Suddenly, be
cause of financial reasons, an invita
tion was extended to them for a spe
cial afternoon meeting. Then a num
ber of the colored ministers accepted
the invitation to the jim crow meet
ing, and led something like 6,000 of
their congregations to this meeting
and they constituted the entire audi
ence, the white seekers for salvation
being conspicuous by their absence.
This was the second time that such a
meeting had been held in two years.
The following Sunday at Queen
Street Baptist church, Charles
Satchell Morris, Jr., "a chip of the
old block," addressed a meeting of
nearly 2,000 people including a body
of clergymen and severely trounced
the ministers and their people for at
tending the jim crow Gipsy Smith
meeting. He chose as his subject,
"The Blocks with which we Build,"
and plead for character, courage,
faith, aspiration and loyalty.
To sin by silence when we should
protest makes cowards out of men.
The human race has climbed on pro
test. Had no voice been raised against
injustice, ignorance and lust, the in-
quisition yet would serve the law, and
guillotines decide our least disputes.
The few who dare must speak and
speak again to right the wrongs of
many.Ella Wheeler Wilcox.
Louisiana legislature but-after a long
fight the senate refused to seat him.
He published a weekly newspaper,
"The Louisianan," for a number of
years of which Henry Corbin, an unwas
cle of the editor of THE APPEAL,
was manager. He moved to New
York and was a deputy U. S. marshal
there. Later he moved to Washing
ton where he practiced law.
He is survived by his wife and two
His remains were taken to New
Orleans for interment.
He was one of the few survivors of
the "Old Guard" whose members are
rapidly thinning out.
Peace to his ashes!
He declared the colored man wascago,
too largely an imitator and not suffi
ciently a creator. "We have forty so
called Black Billy Sundays and notter
one of them is worth his weight in
sawdust. Indeed we appear to have
been dedicated to the proposition of
enthroning everything white and
throning everything black.
In speaking of loyalty to ourselves
he waxed exceedingly bitter and
trolic when he referred to the Gypsy
Smith jim crow meeting. And when
he said, "Down with those weak
kneed, cringing, cowardly colored
preachers, who led their flocks to the
slaughter, yea to be crucifixed on the
cross of the white man's prejudice,"
the great crowd leaped to its feet and
attested that for that word it had
been waiting. "Some of these old
mothers," said he, looking to soma of
"he aged females of his audience,
"with the snows of seventy winters
upon their brow that never can melt,
can practice more Christianity in five
minutes than Gypsy Smith and hiswell
jang of profiteering discriminators in
We are very fortunate in having a
man like Mr. Morris, and a few
others who don't fail to rap jim
crowism on all occasions. May
THIRTY-EIGHT LYNCHED WHILE
CONGRESS DEBATES ANTI
The National Association for the
Advancement of Colored People, 70
Fifth Ave., New York, has ma,de pub
lic a statement to the effect that since
he introduction of the Dyer Anti- Instead "of being a great charter of
Lynching Bill in Congress on April liberties, it is really a curse hurled at
11, 1921, there had been 38 persons the colored people from which it will
THE MAN WHO DAREb
1 honor the man who in the consci
.^ntiotts discharge of his duty dares to
stand alone the world, with ignorant,
intolerant judgment, may condemn,
the countenances of relatives may be
averted, and the hearts of friends grow
cold, but the sense of duty done shall
be sweeter than the applause of the
world, the countenances of relatives or
the hearts of friends.Charles Sumner.
murdered by mobs in the United
States, of whom two were burned,
four bodies being publicly burned
after lynching. One of those lynched
a colored woman. Three were
Since the Dyer bill was favorably
reported by the Committee on the
Judiciary, on October 31, 1921, there
have been seven lynchings, one body
being publicly burned, in Helena, Ark.
Among the causes assigned for
these lynchings are the following:
1. A colored man called to inquire
of a white girl why she had not
plied to a note he had written her.
He was lynched for this offense.
2. An old man was accused of as
sisting a man to escape.
3. Two colored men were lynched
for aiding a third to escape.
4. One colored woman was thrown
from a bridge and drowned for
sisting a colored man to escape.
Georgia leads in the list of lynch
ings since the Dyer bill was intro
duced, having had* 10. Mississippi is
second with 7, South Carolina third,
with 5 Louisiana fourth, with 4, and
Arkansas and Texas each have 3.
From the above everyone may read
ily see the urgent necessity of writ
ing to the state Representatives in
Congress urging their support for the
early passage of the bill.
DEATH OF ABDUL BAHA.
A cable from Haifa Syria, an
nounced the death in that city of
Abdul Baha Abbas, one of the great
est men of the day and the leader of
the Bahaist movement.
Abdul Baha, "servant of God,"
traveled through the United States in
1912 and visited St. Paul among other
places. He was the guest of the large
congregation of Bahaists in Chicago
the latter part of April and early in
May in 1912 and on May 1, he dedi
cated the site at the Sheridan road
bridge in Wilmette, a suburb of Chi
where the Bahaists are nowing
building a temple costing several mil
lions of dollars, to be the world cen
Abdul Baha was born in Teheran,
Persia. He was the successor of the
Bab, "gateway of knowledge," who
about 1844 proclaiming
throughout Islam the coming of a
messenger of God and made much
until executed at the age of
31. The noble father of Abdul Baha
was Mirza Hossein Ali of Nour, a
disciple of the Bab.
Father and son were banished in
1868 to Akka, a prison city in Syria.
Forty years later the Young Turks
overthrew the despotic regime in Con
stantinople, and Abdul Baha was
The death of Abdul Baha will be
mourned by millions of his co-re
ligionists all over the world and it is
now claimed that there is at least
50,000,000 of them, who practice as
as preach that "of one blood God
made all nations."
There are many thousands of col
ored people in the United States who
have left orthodox Christianity and
have become Bahaists because of hy
procrisy of the so-called Christians on
NOT A MAGNA CARTA
We are sorry to notice that some
colored man has written an article in
which he says that President Hard
ing's Birmingham speech is a "Magna
Charta of Negro rights." Evidently
the gentleman, like President Harding
has not^thought the question through.
speeches and we recommend that the
people who have been disposed to
swallow the discourses in toto, should
read the articles carefully and learn
of the dangers which lurk in the
JIM CROW LEADERS.
WERE TH E CARDS STACKED?
Twenty-three years ago the United
States occupied the Philippine Islands,
promising independence for the Fili
pinos in about twenty years or as
soon as the natives were "qualified for
Shortly after coming into power the
present Republican administration
sent a mission consisting of Gen.
Leonard Wood and W. Cameron
Forbes to investigate present condi
tions and the report, which has just
been made public, recommends that
tho United States must keep the
Months ago, long before the investi
gation had been completed, Gen. Wood
was nominated for governor and- is
now in office.
Did Uncle Sam stack the cards on
the liberty-loving. Filipinos?
TRUE TO FORM.
At the Detroit Methodist conference
Emmett J. Scott declared "The Negro
does not ask soci|l equality and never
has asked it. All he asks is social
justice." But, pray how can the col
ored man get "social justice unless he
has every kind of equality before the
law and in public opinion?" Domi
nant people do not give exact justice
to people they consider their inferiors.
Scott was private secretars to
take a thousand years to recover. CRINGING AWAKENS CONTEMPT.
We have gathered together and re
print in this issue many columns of
comment on the President's Southern
We present in this issue a sympo
sium of views of colored editors in
various parts of the country on thesaries.
speeches of President Harding in Bir
mingham, Ala., and Atlanta, Ga.
One of the strongest of these is an
editorial from the Richmond (Va.)
Planet, by that fearless journalist,
John Mitchell, Jr. Referring to
desire of President Harding to have
more "negro" leaders developed, The
THE SOUTH IS FULL OF THIS
KIND OF LEADERS. DR. BOOK-
ER T. WASHINGTON DID HIS
PART IN DEVELOPING THIS
KIND OF LEADERSHIP. IN LAT-
ER YEARS HE REALIZED THAT
HE HAD GONE TOO FAR, TO THE
EXTENT OF ELIMINATING THE
PRINCIPLES OF MANHOOD,
WITHOUT WHICH NO RACE CAN
RISE TO THE IfULL HEIGHT OF
This is a strong statement yet it is
absolutely true. No single thing in
the history of the colored people in
the United States has done so much
to prevent the full attainment of citi
as that speech of Booker
Washington delivered in Atlanta, Ga.,
Since then the descent to hell has
been swift and sure and the depths
were sounded when the other day,
Warren G. Harding, President of the
United States, stood by the side of
Grady monument in Atlanta, pro
nounced a eulogy on Henry W
Grady, the most bitter, dangerous and
insidious enemy of the colored people
that the country has produced, de
clared that the race question must be
settled by the segregation of Ameri
Lured on by the enthusiastic recep
tion by the South of the B. Washing
ton speech and the white man's
"good negro" pat on the shoulder, the
jimcrow leaders' tribe has increased
so enormously that it is now a men
ace to be reckoned with in every com
munity in which there area hundred
Before he died Booker Washington
repented in bitterness what he
ddhe and longed for life to wash out
his unwise course but it was too late.
Although it may be news to many, it
is a fact that after his death an arthe
ticle, written by him, was printed in
a leading magazine, in which he reon.
pudiated segregation which he had so
No greater calamity could befall
the colored people than the hai vest
of a new crop of "jimcrow negro
We cannot win by blinking at facts
or by ignoring fundamental princi
ples. Editor J. Q. Adams of the ST.
PAUL APPEAL is sound to the core
and we shall all have to accept his
kind of leadership if we expect to at
tain our full stature and status under
the American Constitution. Cringing
may be comfortable for the time be
ing put it is mighty humiliating for
all the time thereafter and it awakens
contempt for us-as it should do in
the minds and hearts of our adver-
Editor Adams points the way,
whether we accept his advice or not
and sooner or later he wil blaze the
way to our financial, industrial and
political enfranchisement in this
where none will dare molest
us or make us afraid. Wise colored
leaders will take notice and govern
The foregoing from The Planet of
Richmond, Va., edited by Hon. John
Mitchell, Jr., who recently polled
20,000 votes as candidate for gov
ernor of the state, is pleasing to the
editor but we accept it as a tribute
to the cause for which THE APPEAL
has fought for nearly forty years
rather than a personal compliment.
The U. S. Senate has refused to
confirm Henry Lincoln Johnson as
recorder of deeds, even after he had
declared for the President's segrega
tion program. The fight against him
was led by Senator Watson of Geor
Porto Ricans are demanding the re
call of E. Mont Reily who was re
cently appointed governor. He is
charged with deep-seated prejudice
against the natives.
The following from the Richmond
Planet upholds THE APPEAL'S con
tention and says truly that the policy
will serve to "fan the flames of race
Hon. Charles R. Forbes of Seattle,
Washington, who was recently ap
pointed Director of the United States
Veterans' Bureau, has seen fit to ap
point Dr. J. R. A. Crossland of St.
Joseph, Mo., "Special Expert" in this
department to look after the inter
ests of colored
ex-servicef men.ofThisre fitting recognition ^n ou
ablest leaders. Nevertheless, it em
phasizes the drawing of the color line
against which the far-seeing leaders
of ther colored peoplet iseemingcountry
for nearly twenty JCJOSSUUMI
years an was well trained to reiter-' rfLSftof
want that and other things which
would please the South. Now that he
is away from Tuskegee he ought to
learn a new tune.
Under the heading "Gamaliel Emu
lates Gililean," the Republican Pub
licity Association is sending out to
Republican newspapers a lot of dope
comparing President Harding to Jesus
Christ, but the resemblances are not
many. Christ did not teach that there
were "fundamental, eternal and un-been
escapable differences" between hu
man beings. Rich and poor, bond and
free, black and white all looked alike
to the Galilean.
HONOR GIVEN WHEN DUE.
It is with very much satisfaction
that we learn, Rene Maran, a young
colored author, born on the Island of
Martinique, French West Indies, has
won the annual prize of the Gon
court academy for the best French
novel of 1921. The novel, entitled
"Batouala," deals with colored life in
Central Africa, the race question and
problems and aspirations of the col
ored people. France has a ver
pleasing way vof giving honor wher
ever due and talent is duly and full
recognized even when found under
colored skim Vive la France.
otest withou effect
Under this ruling, it may soon be
expected that Irish-American citizens
will be appointed only with the under
standing that they shall look after
Irishman's interests. Hebrews
will -look after those affairs, which
affect the Jews. Indians will be ap
pointed to look after the interests of
the Indians, the Germans to look after
Germans. Italians to look after
the interests of the Italians, and so
Dr. Crossland gave an only son to
the cause in Europe and as a result,
he is confined i his operations to th
whicn his son was identie
fied. We understand now, that col
lored men will hold offices all right,
but these offices will be confined to
work amonjrst the colored people ex
clusively. This will fan the flames of
race prejudice rather than stamp out
the crowning infamy of this age.
financially, we may be benefited, but
as a matter of fundamental princi
ple, we are needlessly humiliated and
our progress in the direction of full
American citizenship and its attend
ant nrivileges checked for many years
^ossland of St. Joseph,
(Fro,m the Chicago Whip.)
Mo., has been appointed to handle the
claims of the black veterans of the
late World War. The claims of the
black soldiers are the same as those
of the white and Dr. Crossland has
a Jim Crow
toward another prominen.job
Uncle Tom" politician, also accented
a Jim Crow job. As long as we take
these political handouts, as long as
our "leaders" are too hungry to re
fuse them, of course they will fee ten
dered our race.
'WM'ial Sent. 3. 1921.)
THE APPEAL Ts sorry* to note that
the color line has been drawn in the
new Veterans' Bureau bv the organ
ization of a "Colored Division" and
the appointment of Dr. J. R. A. Cross
land as its head.
Crossland lost a son who fell "fight
ing for democracy" in France, and it
is a poor reward for the father to
be given a segregated bureau It is
also said that he was an effective
speaker in the last campaign, in
which it was given out that the Re
publican would abolish segre-
gation^ inUpartthes-eS theS department^at ington. If things
deserves?bette0 tl T*
the same treatment as is given to
other groups of American citizens.
One Lasker, a Jew, was made head
of the U. S Shipping Board. Repre
sentatives of other racial groups have
been given places, but not in segre
gated bureaus. No President of the
United States would dare offer a Jew
a place as the head of a segregated
Jewish bureau. There is no such
place and never will be. Only color
ed people are segregated by this al
Some people may think that the
"special" appointments which have
handed out by the present Re
publican administration are forward
movements, but they are really nails
in the coffin of democracy and are
dangerous to the social and political
status of the colored people.
The Administration ought to cut
out these "special" jobs, eliminate
segregation which was promised in
the campaign, and if colored men are
to have appoinotments let them be
on a level with those given to other
groups of American citizens.
Better no places at all than those
which lower the status of the race
and automatically make their holders
defenders of segregation.
Colored Vote No Longer Wanted.
(From the Philadelphia Tribune.)
As the spokesman of the Republi
can party of the Nation the President
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HUMAN NATURE'S FOULEST BLOT."
My ear is pained
My sou is sick with everyhday's report
outrage, wit which earth is filled
There is no flesh in man's obdurate heart.
It does not feel for man: the natural bond
Of brotherhood is severed as the flax
That falls asunder at the touch of fire.
He finds his fellow guilty of a skin
Not colored like his own: and having power
To enforce the wrong, for sucM a worthy cause
Dooms and devotes him as his lawful prey.
Thus man devotes his brother, and destroys*
"Hs human nature's broadest foulest blot.
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