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AN AMERICAN NEWSPAPER
J. .ADAMS, EDITOR AND PUBLISHER
ST. PAUL OFFICE
No. 301-2 (_\ k, 24 E. 4th
J. Q,. Al us*, Manager.
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SATURDAY,JANUARY 14, 1922
GUARD YOUR THOUGHTS.
Finally, brethren, whatsoever things
are true, whatsoever things are hon
est, whatsoever things are just, what
soever things are pure, whatsoever
things are lovely, whatsoever things
are of good report if there be any
virtue, and if there be any praise,
think on these things. Philippians
GEN. MANGIN HAS RIGHT IDEA.
We derive very much satisfaction
out of the position taken by the
French General Mangin who recently
"An end must be put to this absurd
legend of the inferiority of the col
ored races. It is based solely on the
tradition of slavery and is not at all
flattering to the white races!"
So declares Gen. Mangin, whose ut
terance is the most authoritative of
those who have taken up advocacy of
the cause of the colored peoples, fol
lowing the winning of the Goncourt
literary prize by the Martinique
writer, Rene Maran.
Mangin is the great champion of
the colored army theory, holding that
only by training and arming her co
lonial subjects can France redress the
balance in face of more populous Ger
many. Their fighting value he proved
in the war, for "Manger" Mangin's
colonial army was always in the
thick of the French offensives.
The general gained his affection for
the colored races during the twenty
years he spent in colonial military
and administrative commands. He is
not merely a soldier, but has consid
erable competence in literary talent,
which gives weight to his remarks on
culture among the colored races.
"There really is an "intellectual elite
among the colored races, whom lib
erty has introduced to our culture,"
he asserted in an interview. "And
experience has demonstrated that this
elite possesses the ability to excel in
every domain of human activity."
HARDING GETS ANOTHER RAP.
At the annual meeting of the Na
tional Association for the Advance
ment of Colored People, held in New
~,York last week, Charles Edward Rus
sell, orator and author welcomed the
advent of the "new Negro" who, he
declared, was ready to stand up for
his rights. He also ridiculed Presi
dent Harding's assertion that there
jwas an "impassable gulf" between col-
ored and white people the United
States and advocated that, before at
tempting to lead the world to disar
mament, the United States disarm
the lyncher within her own borders.
And so say we all!
CHARLES S. MORRIS, JR., RAPS
Gipsy Smith, the evangelist, con
ducted a three weeks' revival cam
paign in Norfolk, Va., at the Taber
nacle, which seats 10,900 persons.
Colored people were rigidly excluded
from these meetings. Suddenly, be
cause-of financial reasons, an invita
tion was extended to them for a spe
cial afternoon meeting. Then a num
ber of the colored ministers accepted
the invitation to the jim crow meet
ing, and led something like 6,000 of
their congregations to this meeting
and they constituted the entire audi
ence, the white seekers for salvation
being conspicuous by their absence.
This was the second time that such a
meeting had been held in two years.
The following Sunday at Queen
Street Baptist church, Charles
Satchell Morris, Jr., "a chip of the
old block," addressed a meeting of
nearly 2,000 people including a body
of clergymen and severely trounced
the ministers and their people for at
tending the jim crow Gipsy Smith
meeting. He chose as his subject,
"The Blocks with which we Build,"
and plead for character, courage,
faith, aspiration and loyalty.
He declared the colored man was
too largely an imitator and not suffi
ciently a creator. "We have forty so
called Black Billy Sundays and not
one of them is worth his weight in
sawdust. Indeed we appear to have
been dedicated to the proposition of
enthroning everything white and de
throning everything black.
In speaking of loyalty to ourselves
he waxed exceedingly bitter and vi
trolic when he referred to the Gypsy
Smith jim crow meeting. And when
he said, "Down with those weak
kneed, cringing, cowardly colored
preachers, who led their flocks to the
slaughter, yea to be crucifixed on the
cross of the white man's prejudice,"
the great crowd leaped to its feet and
attested that for that word it had
been waiting. "Some of these old
mothers," said he, looking to some of
the aged females of his audience,
"with the snows of seventy winters
upon their brow that never can melt,
can practice more Christianity in five,
minutes than Gypsy Smith and his
gang of profiteering discriminators in
We are very fortunate in having a
man like Mr. Morris, and a few
others jvho don't fail to rap jim
crowism on all occasions. May his
THIRTY-EIGHT LYNCHED WHILE
CONGRESS DEBATES ANTI
THE SIN OF SILENCE
To sin by silence when we should
protest makes cowards out of men.
The human race has climbed on pro
test. Had no voice been raised against
injustice, ignorance and lust, the in-
quisition yet would serve the law, and
guillotines decide our least disputes.
The few who dare must speak and
speak again to right the wrongs of
many.-Ella Wheeler Wilcox.
The National Association for the
Advancement of Colored People, 70
Fifth Ave., New York, has made pub
lic a statement to the effect that since
the introduction of the Dyer Anti
Lynching Bill in Congress on April
11, 1921, there had been 38 persons
murdered by mobs in the United
States, of whom two were burned,
four bodies being publicly burned
after lynching. One of those lynched
was a colored woman. Three were
Since the Dyer bill was favorably
reported by the Committee on the
Judiciary, on October 31, 1921, there
have been seven lynchings, one body'were sounded when the other ~day~
being publicly burned, in Helena, Ark. Warren G. Harding, President of the
Among the causes assigned for United States, stood by the side of
THE MAN WHO DARES
these lynchings are the following:
1. A colored man called to inquire
of a white girl why she had not re
plied to a note he had written her.
He was lynched for this offense.
2. An old man was accused of as
sisting a man to escape.
3. Two colored men were lynched
for aiding a third to escape.
4. One coloied woman was thrown
from a bridge and drowned for as
sisting a colored man to escape.
Georgia leads in the list of lynch
ings since the Dyer bill was intro
duced, having had 10. Mississippi is
second with 7, South Carolina third,
with 5 Louisiana fourth, with 4, and
Arkansas and Texas each have 3.
From the above everyone may read
ily see the urgent necessity of writ
ing to the state Representatives in
Congress urging their support for the
early passage of the bill.
CRINGING AWAKENS CONTEMPT.
We cannot win by blinking at facts
or by ignoring fundamental princi
ples. Editor J. Q. Adams of the ST.
PAUL APPEAL is sound to the core
and we shall all have to accept his
kind of leadership if we expect to at
tain our full stature and status under
the American Constitution. Cringing
may be comfortable for the time be
ing put it is mighty humiliating for
all the time thereafter and it awakens
contempt for us as it should do in
the minds and hearts of our adver
Editor Adams points the way,
whether we accept his advice or not
and sooner or later he wil blaze the
way to our financial, industrial and
political enfranchisement in this
country where none will dare molest
us or make us afraid. Wise colored
leaders will take notice and govern
The foregoing from The Planet of
Richmond, Va., edited by Hon. John
Mitchell, Jr., who recently polled
20,000 votes as candidate for gov
ernor of the state, is pleasing to the
editor but we accept it as a tribute
to the cause for which THE APPEAL
has fought for nearly forty years
rather than a personal compliment.
JIM CROW LEADERS.
We had in a recent issue a sympo
sium of views of colored editors in
various parts of the country on the
speeches of President Harding in Bir
mingham, Ala., and Atlanta, Ga.
One of the strongest of these is an
editorial from the Richmond (Va.)
Planet, by that fearless journalist,
John Mitchell, Jr. Referring to the
desire of President Harding to have
more "negro" leaders developed, The
THE SOUTH IS FULL OF THIS
KIND OF LEADERS. DR. BOOK-
ER T. WASHINGTON DID HIS
PART IN DEVELOPING THIS
KIND OF LEADERSHIP. IN LAT-
ER YEARS HE REALIZED THAT
HE HAD GONE TOO FAR, TO THE
EXTENT OF ELIMINATING THE
PRINCIPLES OF MANHOOD,
WITHOUT WHICH NO RACE CAN
RISE TO THE FULL HEIGHT OF
This is a strong statement yet it is
absolutely true. No single thing in
the history of the colored people in
the United States has done so much
to prevent the full attainment of citi
zenship as that speech of Booker
Washington delivered in Atlanta, Ga.,
Since then the descent to hell has
been swift and sure and the depths
I honor the man who in the consci
entious discharge of his duty dares to
stand alone the world, with ignorant,
intolerant judgment, may condemn/
the countenances of relatives may be
averted, and the hearts of friends grow
cold, but the sense of duty done shallfe^
be sweeter than the applause of
world,the countenances of relatives:
the hearts of t\
clared that the race question must be
settled by the, segregation of Ameri
Lured on by the enthusiastic recep
tion by the South of the B. Washing-
ONE MORE OF THE "OLD GUARD"
In the deathfMn Washington, D. C,
the latter part of last month, of
Pinckney Benton Stewart Pinchback,
at the ripe age of 84, we lose one of
our most striking and historic char
Few, if any, men among us had so
varied a career as Pinchback.
He was born in Macon, Ga., but at
the outbreak of the Civil War he was
living in New Orleans, La., and was
made captain in the Louisiana Native
Guards. He was a very fine looking
man and made many trips to the
cities on the Ohio and Mississippi
rivers. Few men were more widely
or more favorably known than Le
During the reconstruction period
after the war he was quite active in
politics both state and nation. He
was a member of the Louisiana con
stitutional convention in 1868 and at
the following election was elected to
the state senate. When Oscar J.
Dunn, who was lieutenant governor,
died in 1870, Pinchback was elected to
fill the vacancy, and when Governor
Warmouth was impeached Pinchback
was acting governor for 43 days,
since which time he has been gener
ally known as "Governor Pinchback,"
having enjoyed the distinction of be
ing the only colored man who served
as governor of one of the United
States. He was delegate at large to
the Republican national conventions
of 1868 and 1884. He was at one
time a member of the school board,
served as president of the board of
police commissioners and was ap
pointed surveyor of the part of New
Orleans. He was elected on the re
turns representative at large from
Louisiana but his seat was contested
by Gen. Geo. A. Sheridan who won
out just one day before the term ex
pired. Pinchback collected the salary
for the nearly two years of the con
test. At the same period Pinchback
had been elected U. S. senator by the
Louisiana legislature but after a long
fight the senate refused to seat him.
He published a weekly newspaper,
"The Louisianan," for a number of
years of which Henry Gorbin, an un
cle of the editor of THE APPEAL,
was manager. He moved to New
York and was a deputy U. S. marshal
there. Later he moved to Washing
ton where he practiced law.
He is survived by his wife and two
His remains were taken to New
Orleans for interment.
He was one of the few survivors of
the "Old Guard" whose members are
rapidly thinning out.
Peace to his ashes!
DEATH OF ABDUL BAHA.
A cable from Haifa Syria, an
nounced the death in that city of
Abdul ^Baha Abbas, one of the great
est men of the day and the^ leader of
the Bahaist movement.
Abdul Baha, "servant of God,"
traveled through the United States in
1912 and visited St. Paul among other
places. He was the guest of the large
congregation of Bahaists in Chicago
the latter part of April and early in(
the Grady monument in Atlanta, pro- am at the freeing of mankind from
nounced a eulogy1
May in 1912 and on May 1, he dedi-h"
bridge in W41aiette, a suburb of Chi
cago, where the Bahaists are now
building a temple~costing several mil
lions of dollars, to be the world cen
ter of Bahaism.
Abdul Baha was born in Teheran,
Persia. He wjas the successor of the
Bab, "gateway of knowledge," who
began about 1844 proclaiming
throughout Islam the coming of a
messenger of God and made much
headway until executed at the age of
31. The noble father of Abdul Baha
"was Mirza Hossein Ali of Nour, a
disciple of the Bab.
Father and son were banished in
1868 to Akka, a prison city in Syria.
Forty years later the Young Turks
overthrew the despotic regime in Con
stantinople, and Abdul Baha was
The death of Abdul Baha will be.
mourned by millions of his co-re
ligionists all over the world and it is
now claimed that there is at least
50,000,000 ofthem, wjho practice as
well as preach that "of one blood God
made all nations." ^*fS^^^CSn
lnere are many thousands of col
ored people in the United States who
have left orthodox Christianity and
have become Bahaists because of hy
procrisy of the so-called. Christians on
I the color question. ^c
Bahaism is a~sociaI reform. It
on Henry W. religious, social and political yokes.
Grady, the most bitter, dangerous and Amon^ the things for which it stands
insidious enemy of the colored people are: ^Universal religion, universal'
that the -country has produced, de- language, a-parliament of men with
ton speech and the white man's. spiritual things of life,
"good negro" pat on the shoulder, the I In this world movement which
jimcrow leaders' tribe has increased found adherents of almost every re-
so enormously that it is now a men-' ligionIslam, Buddhism, Hinduism,
ace to be reckoned with in every com-1 Zoroastnanism, Confucianism, Juda-
munity in which there are a hundred^ ism and Christianity. Almost every
Before he died Booker Washington
repented in bitterness what he had
done and longed for life to wash out
his unwise course but it was too late.
Although it may be news to many, it
is a fact that after his death an ar
ticle, written by him, was printed in
a leading magazine, in which he re
pudiated segregation which he had so
No greater calamity could befall
the colored people than the harvest
ing of a new crop of "jimcrow negro
representatives from all countries for
the settlement of international dis
putes, universal education, a perfect
civilization founded on simplicity and
co-operation, and emphasis on the
race and country of the globe con
tributes adherents to the organization
for international brotherhood.
People came to the city of Acca
from all parts of the world to see and
talk with Abdul Baha Abbas. His
home was a regular Babel. Within
it gathered peoples of all races and
TRUE TO FORM.
At the Detroit Methodist conference
Emmett J. Scott declared "The Negro
does not ask social-equality and never
has asked it. All he asks is social
justice." But, pray how" can the col
ored man get "social justice unless he
has every kind of equality before the
law and in public opinion?" Domi
nant people do not give exact justice
to people they consider their inferiors.
Scott was private secretary to
Booker Washington for nearly twenty
years and was well trained to reiter
ate that the colored man does not
want that and other things which
would please the South. Now that he
is away from Tuskegee he ought to
learn a new tune. __
Marcus Garvey Arrested.
New York, Jan. 12.Marcus Gar
vey, president of the Black Star line
and head of the Universal Negro Im
provement Association, was arrested
today charged with using the mails
The following from the Richmond
Planet upholds THE APPEAL'S con
tention and says truly that the policy
will serve to "fan the flames of race
Hon. Charles R. Forbes of Seattle,
Washington, who was recently ap
pointed Director of the United States
Veterans' Bureau, has seen fit to ap
point Dr. J. R. A. Crossland of St.
Joseph, Mo., "Special Expert" in this
department to look after the inter
ests of colored ex-service men. This
is a fitting recognition of one of our
ablest leaders. Nevertheless, it em
phasizes the drawing of the color line
against which the far-seeing leaders
of the colored people in this country
have protested without seeming effect.
Under this ruling, it may soon be
expected that Irish-American citizens
will be appointed only with the under
standing that they shall look after
the Irishman's interests. Hebrews
will look after those affairs, which
affect the Jews. Indians will be ap
pointed to look after the interests of
the Indians, the Germans to look after
the Germans. Italians to look after
the interests of the Italians, and so
Dr Crossland gave an only son to
the cause in Europe and as a result,
he is confined in his operations to the
race with which his son was identi
fied. We understand now, that col
lored men will hold offices all right,
but these offices will be confined to
work amongst the colored people ex
clusively. This will fan the flames of
race prejudice rather than stamp out
the crowning infamy of this age.
financially, we mayjje benefited, but
as a matter of fundamental princi
ple, we are needlessly humiliated and
our progress in the direction of full
American citizenship and its attend
ant privileges checked for many years
(FroR the Chicago Whip.)
r-* xx Crossland lost a son who fell "fight-
^ated the at the sLld^ tad 'gi^Vle^ &?\
also said that he was an effective
speaker in the last"" campaign, in
of St. Joseph,
Mo., has been appointed to handle the
claims of the black veterans of the
late World War. The claims of the
black soldiers are the same as those
of the whiter and Dr. Crossland
reall accepted a Jim Crow job.
Uncle Tom" politician, also accepted
a Jim Crow job. As long as we take
these political handouts, as long as
our "leaders" are too hungry to re
fuse them, of course they will fee ten
dered our race.
(APPEAL Editorial Sept. 3, 1921.)
THE APPEAL is sorry to note that
the color line has been drawn in the
new Veterans' Bureau by the organ
ization of a "Colored Division" and
the appointment of Dr. J. R. A. Cross
land as its head.
democracy" in France, and it
which it was given out that the Re
publican party would aboKsh segre
gation in the departments at Wash
ington. If these things are true
Crossland deserves better treatment
at the hands of the victors, and he
also should have refused the appoint
ment as undemocratic and demanded
the same treatment as is given to
other groups of American citizens^
One Lasker, a Jew, was made head
of the U. S. Shipping Board. Repre
sentatives of other racial groups have
been given places, but not in segre
gated bureaus. No President of the
United States would dare offer a Jew
a place as the head of a segregated
Jewish bureau. There is no such,
place and never will be. Only color
ed people are segregated by this al
Some people may think that the
special" appointments which have
been handed out by the present Re
publican administration are forward
movements, bat they are really nails
in the coffin of democracy and are
dangerous to the social and political
status of the colored people.
The Administration ought to cut
out these "special" jobs, eliminate
segregation which was promised ini
the campaign, and if colored men are
to have appoinotments let them 1
on a level with those given to other
groups of American citizens
Better no places at all than those
which lower the status of the race
and automatically make their holders
defejders of segregation^
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