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i,JUHl.JLMjHW)^Mi-lJ,ii II.I III
hN AMERICAN NEWSPAPER
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SATURDAY, JANUARY 21, 1922
FRUITAGE OF SECRET
PRAYER:Bat thou, when thou
prayest, enter into thy closet, and
when thou hast shut thy door, pray
to thy Father which is in secret and
thy Father which seeth in secret shall
reward thee openly. For your Father
knoweth what things ye have need of,
before ye ask him.Matt. 6:6, 8.
HON. J. FRANK WHEATON DEAD.
It was with deep sorrow the people
of the Twin Cities learned of the sui
cide of Hon. J. Frank Wheaton, for
merly a resident of this state, in New
York city, who was found asphyxiat
ed by gas in his apartments last Sun
The deceased was born in Hagers
town, Md., and was about 55 years
He acquired his education in vari
ous schools, including: Storer Col
lege, Harper's Ferry, W. Va., How
ard University, Washington, D. D.,
and the University of Minnesota
where he graduated in law.
He came to Minnesota in 1890 and
made his home in Minneapolis where
he made many friends by his genial
disposition. He was a very eloquent
speaker and was quite active in poli
tics and is entitled to the distinction
of having held more political posi
tions than any other colored man in
He served as one of the reading
clerks in the House of Representa
tives, as deputy clerk in the munici
pal court, and deputy assistant dis
trict attorney in Minneapolis.
He was a member of the Minnesota
delegation at the Republican Na
tional Convention at St. Louis in 1896.
He was elected to the lower house
of the state legislature from the 42nd
Minneapolis district and was the only
colored man ever a member of that
Wheaton was twice married, was
divorced from his first wife by whom
he had three sons, Layton J., Frank
P. and Richard W., who survive him.
He is also survived by his second
wife, Mrs. Dora Wheaton, whom he
married in 1916, his father, Jacob
Wheaton, aged 87 years, three broth
ers and two sisters.
He lived in New York for more
than twenty years and was a promi
nent member of the bar.
He was elected Grand Exalted
Euler of the Elks in 1910.
His funeral was held at Mother
Zion A. M. E. church Thursday.
-^Despondency over the possibility of
having to pay a bail bond of $5,000
which he signed for an ungrateful
friend is said to have been the cause
of his rash act.
HARDING GETS ANOTHER RAP.
HON. J. FRANK WHEATON.
Only Colored Member of a Minnesota Legislature, Who Committed Suicide
in New York, Last Sunday.
PREJUDICE STOPS 'NOT A THE
The late Governor Pinckney Benton
Stewart Pinchback who had the dis
tinction of having been elected to, or,
apopinted to more prominent political
positions than any other colored man
in Louisiana in life, now has the dis
tinction in death of being the only
(known) colored man buried in Me
taine cemetery New Orleans.
Thirty-five or forty years ago the
Pinchback family legally became the
ov/ners of a tomb in that exclusive
cemetery and the remains of the late
P. B. S. Pinchback were taken there
for interment and a storm of protest
was raised by the owners of tombs,
but as the family owned the tomb
they rested on their rights and the
interment was made, but no ceremony
of any sort was allowed to be made,
and only one automobile to accom
pany the hearse. On resurrection
morn, we wonder what those color
prejudiced people will do, when they
learn that a "nigger" is among them
NEARLY $3,000,000 WILLED FOR UP
LIFT OF COLORED PEOPLE.
Information has reached THE APnacle,
PEAL that bequests of nearly $3,000,-
000 for educational, charitable and
development work among colored
people are mad-e in the will of Mrs
Calista S. Mayhew, who died Dec. 19,
1921, in Newark, N. J. This will be
splendid if it is not used along any
of the jimcrow lines.
At the annual meeting of the Na
tional Association for the Advance
ment of Colored People, held in
York last week, Charles Edward Rus
sell, orator and author welcomed the
advent of the "new Negro" who, heSatehell
declared, was ready to stand up forold
his rights. He also ridiculed Presi
dent Harding's assertion that there
was an "impassable gulf" between col
ored and white people in the United
States and advocated that, before at
tempting to lead the world to disar
mament, the United States disarm
the lyncher within her own borders.
And so say we all!
Here is one paragraph from Mr.
Russell's speech: "I must frankly
say to the gentleman who said that,
President Harding," said Mr. Russell,
"that you don't know what you're
talking about. If this great gulf you
speak of between the races which you
speak of exists, what does it look
like? Have you a photograph of it?
There is no such gulf, and the only
limit to the development of you col
ored people is the one you place your
GEN. MANGIN HAS RIGHT IDEA.
We derive very much satisfaction
out of the position taken by the
French General Mangin who recently
"An end must be put to this absurd
legend of the inferiority of the col
ored races. It is based solely on the
tradition of slavery and is not at all
flattering to the white races!"
So declares Gen. Mangin, whose ut-
those who have taken up" advocacy of
the cause of the colored peoples, fol
lowing the winning of the Goncourt
literary prize by the Martinique
writer, Rene Maran.
Mangin is the great champion of
the colored army theory, holding that
only by training and arming her cofrom
lonial subjects can France redress the
balance in face of more populous Ger
many. Their fighting value he proved
in the war, for "Manger" Mangin's
colonial army was always in the
thick of the French offensives.
The general gained his affection for
the colored races during the twenty
years he spent in colonial military
and administrative commands. He is
not merely a soldier, but has consid
erable competence in literary talent,
which gives weight to his remarks on
culture among the colored races.
"There really is an intellectual elite
among the colored races, whom lib
erty has introduced to our culture,"
he asserted in an interview. "And
experience has demonstrated that this
elite possesses the ability to excel in
every domain of human activity."
CHARLES S. MORRIS, JR., RAPS
Gipsy Smith, the evangelist, con
ducted a three weeks' revival cam
paign in Norfolk, Va., at the Taber
which seats 10,900 persons.
Colored people were rigidly excluded
frome these meetings. Suddenly, be-
He declared the colored man was
too largely an imitator and not suffi
ciently a creator. "We have forty so
called Black Billy Sundays and notJohn
one of them is worth his weight in
sawdust. Indeed we appear to have
been dedicated to the proposition of
enthroning everything white and de
throning everything black.
In speaking of loyalty to ourselves
he waxed exceedingly bitter and vi-PART
trolic when he referred to the Gypsy
Smith jim crow meeting. And when
he said, "Down with those w^ak
kneed, cringing, cowardly colored
preachers, who led their flocks to the
slaughter, yea to be crucifixed on the
cross of the white man's prejudice,"
the" great crowd leaped to its feet and
attested that for that word it had
"Some of these old
wa it mg
mo thers," said he^oicing to"some"of
terance is the most authoritative ofminuteasc than Gypsy Smith and his
THE MAN WHO DARES
I honor the man who in the consci
entious discharge of his duty* dares to
stand alone the world, with ignorant,
intolerant judgment, may condemn,
the countenances of relatives may be
averted, and the hearts of friends grow
cold, but the sense of duty done shall
be sweeter than-the applause of the
world, the countenances of relatives or
the hearts of friends.Charles Sumner.
reasons an invita
tion was extended to them for a spe
cial afternoon meeting. Then a num
ber of the colored ministers accepted
the invitation to the jim crow meet
ing, and led something like 6,000 of
their congregations to this meeting
and they constituted the entire audi
ence, the white seekers for salvation
being conspicuous by their absence.
This was the second time that such a
had been held in two years.
The following Sunday at Queen'
Street Baptist church, Charles
Morris, Jr., "a chip of theto
block," addressed a meeting of
nearly 2,000 people including a body
of clergymen and severely trounced
the ministers and their people for at
tending the jim crow Gipsy Smith
meeting. He chose as Ms subject,
"The Blocks with which we Build,"
and plead for character, courage,
faith, aspiration and loyalty.
that'nevery can melt,
more Christianity in five
four bodies being publicly burned
JIM CROW LEADERS.
gang of profiteering discriminatory in pudiated segregation which he had so
^^^"^"Hi, "f~. if
ar very^ fortunate in having a
man like Mr. Morris, and a few
others who don't fail to rap-jim
crowism on all occasions. May
THIRTY-EIGHT LYNCHED WHILE
CONGRESS DEBATES ANTI
The National Association for thehas
CRINGING AWAKENS CONTEMPT.
We cannot win by blinking at facts
or by ignoring fundamental princi
ples. Editor J. Q. Adams of the ST.
PAUL APPEAL is sound to the core
and we shall all have to accept his
kind of leadership if we expect to
tain our full stature and status under
the American Constitution. Cringing
may be comfortable for the time be
ing put it is mighty humiliating for
all the time thereafter and it awakens
contempt for us as it should do inthe
the minds and hearts of our adver
Editor Adams points the way,
whether we accept his advice or not
and sooner or later he wil* blaze the
way to our financial, industrial and
political enfranchisement in this
country where none will dare molest
us or make* us afraid. Wise colored
leaders will take notice and govern
The foregoing from The Planet of
Richmond, Va., edited by Hon. John
Mitchell, Jr., who recently polled
20,000 votes as candidate for gov
ernor of the state, is pleasing to theas
editor but we accept it as a tribute
the cause for which THE APPEAL
has fought for nearly forty years
rather than a personal compliment.
We had in a recent issue a sympo
sium of views of colored editors in
various parts of the country on theblack
speeches of President Harding in Bir
mingham, Ala., and Atlanta, Ga.
One of the strongest of these is an
editorial from the Richmond (Va.)
Planet, by that fearless journalist,
Mitchell, Jr. Referring to theour
desire of President Harding to have
more "negro" leaders developed]" The
THE SOUTH IS FULL OF THIS
KIND OF LEADERS. DR. BOOK-
ER T. WASHINGTON DID HIS
IN DEVELOPING THIS
KIND OF LEADERSHIP. IN LAT-
ER YEARS HE REALIZED THAT
HE HAD GONE TOO FAR, TO THE
EXTENT OF ELIMINATING THE
PRINCIPLES OF MANHOOD,
WITHOUT WHICH NO RACE CAN
RISE TO THE FULL HEIGHT OF
This is a strong statement yet it is!
the history of the colored people m.
Advancement of Colorda People, 70 justice." But, pray how can the col-
Fifth Ave., New York, has made pub-
No greater calamity could befall
the colored people than the harvest
ing of a new crop of "jimcrow negro
the United States has done so much
to prevent the full attainment of citi
zenship as'-thalr speech of Booker
Washington delivered in Atlanta, Ga.,
Since then the descent to hell has
been swift and sure and the depths
were sounded when the other, day,
Warren G. Harding, President of the
United States, stood by the side of
the Grady monument in Atlanta, pro
nounced a eulogy on Henry W.
Grady, the most bitter, dangerous and
insidious enemy of the colored people
that the country has produced, de
clared that the race question must be
settled by the segregation of Ameri
Lured on by the enthusiastic recep
tion by the South of the B. Washing
ton speech and the white man's
"good negro" pat on the shoulder, the
jimcrow leaders' tribe has increased
so enormously that it is now a men
ace to be reckoned with in every com
munity in which there are a hundred
eolored men. 4% Z. "&-&*
Before he died Booker Washington
repented in bitterness what he haddefenders
done and longed for life to wash out
his unwise course but it was too late.
Although it may be news to many, it
is a fact that- after his death an arand
ticle, written by him, was printed in
a leading magazine, in which he re-to
TRUE TO FORM.
At the Detroit Methodist conference
Emmett J. Scott declared "The Negro
does not ask social equality and never
asked it. All he asks is social
lie a'statement to the effect that since'has every kind of equality before "the
the introduction of the Dyer Anti
Lynching Bill in Congress on April
11, 1921, there had been 38 persons
murdered by mobs in the United
States, of whom two were burned,
after lynching. One of those lynched, ate that the colored man does not
was a eolored woman. Three were
Since the Dyer bill was favorably
reported by the Committee, on thelearn
Judiciary, on October 31, 1921, there
have been seven lynchings, one body
being publicly burned, in Helena, Ark.
Among the causes assigned for
these lynchings are the following:
1. A colored man called to inquire
of a white girl why she had not retion
plied to a note he had written her.
He was lynched for this offense.
2. An old man was accused of as
sisting a man to escape.
3. Two colored men were lynched
for aiding a third to escape.
4. One colored woman was thrown
a bridge and drowned for aspressure."
sisting a,colored man to escape.
Georgia leads in the list of lynch
ings since the Dyer bill was intro
duced, having had 10. Mississippi is
second with 7, South Carolina third,
with 5 Louisiana fourth, with 4, and
Arkansas and Texas each have 3.
From the above everyone may read
ily see the urgent necessity of writ
ing to the state Representatives in
Congress urging their support for the
early passage of the bill.
man get "social justice unless he
law and in public opinion?" Domi
nant people do not give exact justice
to people they consider their inferiors.
Scott was private secretary to
Booker Washington for nearly twenty
and was well trained to reiter-
want that and other things which
would please the South. Now that he
is away from Tuskegee he ought to
a new tune.
COL. CHARLES YOUNG.
Highest Ranking Colored Officer
the U. S. Army, Died in Liberia.
Col. Charles Young, military at
tache of the U. S. Army at the lega
at Monrovia, Liberia, died and
was buried at Lagas, Nigeria re
from West Point in
18S9 and was promoted through all
the grades to that of colonel, and,
when the United States entered the
World War the Wilson Democrats
fearing he would reach the rank of
brigadier general, retired him on the
pretext that he had "too high blood
To demonstrate the fal
sity of the decision, Col. Young rode
horseback from Xenia, Ohio, to
Washington, D. C. Then he was
shelved by being sent to Africa to
tram the constabulary.
The following from the Richmond
Planet upholds THE APPEAL'S con
tention and says truly that the policy
will serve to "fan the flames of race
Hon. Charles R. Forbes of Seattle,
Washington, who was recently ap
pointed Director of the United States
Veterans Bureau, has seen fit to ap
point Dr. J. R. A. Crossland of St.
Joseph, Mo., "Special Expert" in this
department to look after the inter
ests of colored ex-service men. This
is a fitting recognition of one of our
ablest leaders. Nevertheless, it em
phasizes the drawing of the color line
which the far-seeing leaders
of the colored people in this country
have protested without seeming effect.
Under this ruling, it may soon be
expected that Irish-American citizens
will be appointed only with the under
standing that they shall look after
Irishman's interests. Hebrews
will look after those affairs, which
affect the Jews. Indians will be
pointed to look after the interests of
the Indians, the Germans to look after
the Germans. Italians to look after
the interests of the Italians, and soDr.
Dr. Crossland gave an only son to
the cause in Europe and as a result,
he is confined in his operations to the
race with which his son was identi
fied. We understand now, that col
lored men will hold offices all right,
but these offices will be confined to
work amongst the colored people ex
clusively. This will fan the flames of
race prejudice rather than stamp out
the crowning infamy of this age.
financially, we may be benefited, but
a matter of fundamental princi
ple, we are needlessly humiliated and
our progress in the direction of full
American citizenship and its attend
ant privileges checked for many years
the Chicago Whip.)
J- Crosslan of St. Joseph,
Mo., has been appointed to handle the
claims of the black veterans of the
late World War. The claims of the
soldiers are the same as those
of the white and Dr. Crossland has
really accepted a Jim Crow
war another prominen.job
Uncle Tom" politician, also accepted
a Jim Crow job. As long as we take
these political handouts, as long as
"leaders" are too hungry to re
fuse them, of course they will be ten
dered our race.
(APPEAL Editorial Sept. 3, 1921.)
THE APPEAL is sorry to note that
the color line has -been drawn in the
new Veterans' Bureau by the organ
ization of a "Colored Division" and
the appointment of Dr. J. R. A. Cross
land as its head.
Crossland lost a son who fell "fight
ing for democracy" in France, and it
}s a poor reward for the father to
be given a segregated bureau. It is
also said that he was an effective
speaker in the last campaign, in
which it was given out that the Re
publican party would abolish segre
absolve* true No single thing tolgSSnd^LSS bette? treatment
the departments at Wash
the hands of the victors, and he
also should have refused the appoint
ment as undemocratic and demanded
the same treatment as is given to
other groups of American citizens.
One Lasker, a Jew, was made head
of the U. S. Shipping Board. Repre
sentatives of other racial groups have
been given places, but not in segre
gated bureaus. No President of the
United States would dare offer a Jew
a place as the head of a segregated
Jewish bureau. There is no such
place and never will be. Only color
ed people are segregated by this al
Some people may think that the
special" appointments which have
been handed out by the present Re
publican administration are forward
movements, but they are really nails
in the coffin of democracy and are
dangerous to the social and political
status of the colored people.
The Admiiustration ought to cut
out these "special" jobs, eliminate
segregation which was promised in
the campaign, and if colored men are
to have appoinotments let them be
on a level with tho.se given to other
groups of American citizens.
Better no places at all than those
which lower the status of the race
and automatically make their holders
Marcus Garvey Arrested.
New York, Jan. 12.Marcus Gar
vey, president of the Black Star line
head of the Universal Negro Im
provement Association, was arrested
today charged with using the mails
defraud, ^^MEJ. J3&-JE
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