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AN AMERICAN NEWSPAPER
J. .ADAMS, EDITOR AND PUBLISHER
ST. PAUL OFFICE
No. 301-2 Coui T,iock, 24 E. 4th at.
6. Q,. AD\MS, MaoaKer.
PHONE: N. W. CEDAR 5649.
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SATURDAY, JANUARY 28, 1922.
FRUITAGE OF SECRET
PRAYER:But thou, when thou
prayest, enter into thy closet, and
when thou hast shut thy door, pray
to thy Father which is in secret and
thy Father which seeth in secret shall
reward thee openly. For your Father
knoweth what things ye have need of,
before ye ask him.Matt. 6:6, 8.
DYER ANTI-LYNCHING BILL
PASSES THE HOUSE.
Owing to the constant and efficient
fight of the National Association for
the Advancement of Colored People
the Dyer Anti-Lynching Bill passed
the House of Representatives in Con
fess Thursday by a vote of 230 to
Seventeen Republicans joined 102
Democrats in voting in the opposition
while eight Democrats and one Sople
cialist, London of New York, voted
with 221 Republicans in favor of the
"Piaise God from whom all bless
The bill now goes to the Senate
with every hope of successfully pass
ing that body.
BRISBANE'S POISON GAS.
Aithur Brisbane, who contributes a
column headed "Today" to the Hearst
newspapers, is considered a great
writer, but THE APPEAL has no
ticed for years that he has great bit
terness against colored people in his
writings. Here is some of his latest
Piesident Harding told the colored
men and women in the South that it
was a mistake for them to talk about
"social equality." said he: "This is a
question of recognizing a fundamen
tal, eternal and inescapable differ-
That earnest young Socialist plu
tocrat, Charles E. Russell, rebukes
President Harding and wants to
know what PROOF there is of a dif
ference between Negro and white
"Show me," says he. In any nat
ural history museum the polite at
tendant will "show him." He will
lead Mr. Russell to a row of skulls,
and say, "This is a Negro of one
type this is a Negro of another.
This is a white man."^4~%?
A 5-year-old child can be faught the
A GOOD VIEWPOINT.
THE K. K. K. BARS GILPIN.
The tour of Charles Gilpin, the col
ored actor, has been abandoned so
far as the south is concerned, tem
porarily at least.
Adolph Klauber, under whose man-
THE SIN OF SILENCE
To sin by silence when we should
protest makes cowards out of men.
The human race has climbed on pro
test. Had no voice been raised against
injustice, ignorance and lust, the in-
quisition yet would serve the law, and
guillotines decide our least disputes.
The few who dare must speak and
speak again to right the wrongs of
many.Ella Wheeler Wilcox.
difference. And to change the skull
except by interbreeding, which is not
desired, would take many thousands
To lift up the bone of & ^forehead,
making it half an inch nearer to the
perpendicular, would take 10,000 years
at least. There is the "show me" an
swer, most puzzling to those that
would LIKE equality, but that don't
want to deceive themselves.
A great naturalist said, "The dif
ference between a low type of Afri
can savage and a highly developed
white man is greater than the differ
ence between that savage and a blade
of grass." That, unfortunately, is
true, and intelligent Charles E. Rus
sell knows it.
Let us not deceive ourselves or
others, even in the noble cause of
brotherly love. Those that are
ceived, no matter how kindly, lose
The bunk about the Afucan savage
and a blade of grass seems to be a
favorite quotation of Mr. Busbane for
he has used it at least a half dozen
times a year for the last ten years.
Other great naturalists have said that
there are no fundamental differences
between the white and black races
and the Christ has said that of one
blood were created all nations. The
colored people in America are not
African savages and probably half of
the so-called white people in the
United States have more or less Ne
gro blood in their veins. President
Gainel-d termed Alexander Hamilton
"the greatest man who ever trod
American soil,' and yet it has been
proved that Hamilton had Negro
blood his veins.
The following under the heading,
"The Colored Man's Viewpoint," is
from the Chicago Tribune:
I desire to compliment you upon
the fact that you have taken up the
practice of using colored man or col
ored woman instead of Negro or Ne
gress. This is attested by an article
which appeared on the front page of
Wednesday's Tribune and another in
this morning's Tribune.
I have not at all forgotten that your
paper at one time giaciously agreed
to capitalize the word Negro. Al
though the word Negro is a term
which some persons of color dislike,
yet it was thought a half loaf was
better than none at all, and so we
contented ourselves with the capitali
zation. We cannot commend too high
ly your use of the word colored in
the place of Negro and are hoping
that the substitute will be both gen
eral and permanent.
S. A. T. WATKINS,
President Appomattox Club.
CHARLES S. DUKE,
Chairman Civics Committee,
It is a very important thing for a
great newspaper like the Chicago
Tribune to use colored instead of Ne
gro as a racial designation. Probably
no one thing has contributed so much
to the contempt in which colored peo
ple are held than the use of the word
Negro in describing the colored peo
of the United States. And it's a
lie. The colored people are not
groes. The are, and they ought to
proclaim themselves, AMERICANS.
agement Gilpin was playing in "The his rights. He also ridiculed Presi-
THE MAN WHO DARES
I honor the man who in the consci
entious discharge of his duty dares to
stand alone the world, with ignorant,
intolerant judgment, may condemn,
the countenances of relatives may be
averted, and the hearts of friends grow
cold, but the sense of duty done shall
be sweeter than the applause of the
world, the countenances of relatives or
the hearts of friends.Charles Sumner. 4#
Emperor Jones," sent him into Vir
ginia and had planned to send him
further south. In Richmond the show
did well and it began to appear the
south would overlook the fact that
Gilpin is a colored man. But
Broadway hears a quick change
plans came about.
A letter with a Ku Klux Klan sig
nature was received by Gilpin while in
Virginia. It advised him not to at
tempt to continue in the south with
his company, which contains a num
ber of white players.,. It was then
that the route was changed and
troupe is now in Ohio.
GEN. MANGIN HAS RIGHT IDEA.
We derive very much satisfaction
out of the position taken by the
French General Mangin who recently
"An end must be put to this absurd
legend of the inferiority of the col
ored races. It is based solely on the
tradition of slavery and is not at all
flattering to the white races!"
So declares Gen. Mangin, whose ut
terance is the most authoritative of
those who have taken up advocacy of
the cause of the colored peoples, fol
lowing the winning of the Goncourt
literary prize by the Martinique
writer, Rene Maran.
Mangin is the great champion of
the colored army theory, holding that
only by training and arming her
lonial subjects can France redress the
balance in face of more populous Ger
many. Their fighting value he proved
the war, for "Manger" Mangm's
colonial army was always in the
thick of the French offensives.
The general gained his affection for
the colored races during the twenty
years he spent in colonial military
and administrative commands. He is
not merely a soldier, but has consid
erable competence in literary talent,
which gives weight to his remarks on
culture among the colored races.
"There really is an intellectual elite
among the colored races, whom lib
erty has introduced to our culture,"
he asserted an interview. "And
experience has demonstrated that this
elite possesses the ability to excel in
every domain of human activity."
PREJUDICE STOPS NOT AT THE
The late Governor Pinckney Benton
Stewart Pmchback who had the dis
tinction of having been elected to, or,
apopinted to more prominent political
positions than any other colored man
in Louisiana in life, now has the dis
tinction in death of being the only
(known) colored man buried in
tairie cemetery in New Orleans.
Thirty-five or forty years ago the
Pmchback family legally became the
owners of a tomb in that exclusive
cemetery and the remains of the late
P. B. S. Pinchback were taken there
for interment and a storm of protest
was raised by the owners of tombs,
but as the family owned the tomb
they rested on their rights and the
interment was made, but no ceremony
of any sort was allowed to be made,
and only one automobile to accom
pany the hearse. On resurrection
morn, we wonder what those color
prejudiced people will do, when they
that a "nigger" is among them
HARDING GETS ANOTHER RAP.
At the annual meeting of the NaAlthough
tional Association for the Advance
ment of Colored People, held in New
York last week, Charles Edward Rus
sell, orator and author welcomed the
advent of the "new Negro" who, he
declared, was ready to stand up for
mament, the United States disarm
the lyncher within her own borders.
And so say we all!
Here is one paragraph from Mr.
Russell's speech: "I must frankly
say to the gentleman who said that,
President Harding," said Mr. Russell,
'tha you don't know what you're
talking about. If this great gulf you
speak of between the races which you
speak of exists, what does it
like? Have you a photograph of it?
There is no such gulf, and the only
limit to the development of you col
ored people is the one you place your
JIM CROW LEADERS.
TRUE TO FORM.
At the Detroit Methodist conference
Emmett J. Scott declared "The Negro
does not ask social equality and never
has asked it. All he asks is social
justice." But, pray how can the col
ored man get "social justice unless he
has every kind of equality before the
law and in public opinion?" Domi
nant people do not give exact justice
to people they consider their inferiors.
Scott was private secretary to
Booker Washington for nearly twenty
years and was well trained to reiter
ate that the colored man does not
want that and other things which
would please the South. Now that he
is away from Tuskegee he ought to
learn a new tune.
NEARLY $3,000,000 WILLED FOR
dent Harding's assertion that there Calista S. Mayhew, who died Dec. 19,
was an "impassable gulf" between col- 1921, in Newark, N. J. This will be
ored and white people in the United splendid if it is. not used along any
States and advocated that, before at- i of the jimcrow lines,
tempting to lead the world to disar-
CRINGING AWAKENS CONTEMPT.
We cannot win by blinking at facts
or by ignoring fundamental princi
ples. Editor J. Q. Adams of the ST.
PAUL APPEAL is sound to the core
and we shall all have to accept his
kind of leadership if we expect to, at
tain our full stature and status under
the American Constitution. Cringing
may be comforjable for the time be
put it is iffighty humiliating for
all the time thereafter and it awakens
contempt for us as it should do in
the minds and hearts of our adver
Editor Adams' points the way,
whether we accept his advice or- not
and sooner or later he wil blaze the
way to our financial, industrial and
enfranchisement in this
country where none will dare molest
us or make us afraid. Wise colored
leaders will take notice and govern
The foregoing from The Planet of
Richmond, Va., edited by Hon. John
Mitchell, Jr., who recently polled
20,000 votes as candidate for gov
ernor of the state, is pleasing to theis
editor but we accept-it as a tribute
to the cause for which THE APPEAL
has fought for nearly forty years
rather than a personal compliment.
We had in a recent issue a sympo
sium of views of colored editors in
various parts of the country on the
speeches of President Harding in Bir
mingham, Ala., and Atlanta, Ga.
One of the strongest of these is an
from the Richmond (Va.)
Planet, by that fearless journalist,
John Mitchell, Jr. Referring to the
desire of President Harding to have
more "negro" leaders developed, The
THE SOUTH IS FULL OF THIS
KIND OF LEADERS. DR. BOOK-
ER T. WASHINGTON DID HIS
PART IN DEVELOPING THIS
KIND OF LEADERSHIP. IN LAT-
ER YEARS HE REALIZED THAT
HE HAD GONE TOO FAR, TO THEthe
EXTENT OF ELIMINATING THE
PRINCIPLES OF MANHOOD,
WITHOUT WHICH NO RACE CAN
RISE TO THE FULL HEIGHT OF
This is a strong statement yet it is
absolutely true. No single thing in
the history of the colored people in
the^ United States has done so much
to prevent the full attainment of citi
zenship as that speech of Booker
Washington delivered in Atlanta, Ga.,
Since then the descent to hell has
been swift and sure and the depths
were sounded when the other day,
Warren G. Harding, President of the
United States, stood by the side of
the Grady monument in Atlanta, pro
a eulogy on Henry W.
Grady, the most bitter, dangerous and
insidious enemy of the colored people
that the country has produced, de
clared that the race question must be
settled by the segregation of Ameri
Lured on by the enthusiastic recep
tion by the South of the B. Washing
ton speech and the white man's
"good negro" pat on the shoulder, the
jimcrow leaders' tribe has increased
so enormously that it ,is now a men
ace to be reckoned with in every com
munity in which there area hundred
Before he died Booker Washington
repented in bitterness what he had
done and longed for life to wash out
his unwise course but it was too late.
it may be news to many, it
is a fact that after his death an ar
ticle, written by him, was printed in!
a leading magazine, in which he* re
pudiated segregation which he had soedge
No greater calamity could befall
the colored people than the harvest
ing of a new crop of "jimcrow negro
LIFT OF COLORED PEOPLE.
Information has reached THE APis
PEAL that bequests of nearly $3,000,-
000 for educational, charitable and
development work among colored
people are made in the will of Mrs.
Five men, two of them coloredfhave
been sentenced to life imprisonment
in the Oklahoma state penitentiary
for complicity in the lynching of Jake
Brooks, a colored packing house work
er. All of the men entered pleas of
The Irish having fought for 760
years to gain freedom intend to keep
look it at all odds. The Irish Free State is
not yet in official being, but the min
ister of defense is making plans for
a powerful standing army.
Six members of Howard's orchestra,
a Columbus organization, were taken
to the outskirts of Maimi, Florida, by
masked men, flogged and told to leave
the city within twenty-four hours.
Marshal Foch of France has been
signally honored during his visit to
the United States and in many places
colored men have been members of
the reception committees. It is meet
that the colored people should render
him great honor as he brigaded the
American colored soldiers with his
French troops when the white Ameri
cans refused to fight with them.
FIVE LYNCHERS GIVEN LIFE.
Three Whites and Two Colored Plead
Guilty to Lynching Colored Man.
Oklahoma City, Okla., Jan. 24.
Five men, two of them colored, were
sentenced to life imprisonment in the
state penitentiary when they entered
pleas of guilty in district court here
today to charges of complicity the
lynching of Jake Brooks colored,
packing house worker, here the night
of January 14.
Two other white men under similar
charges were to be arranged today
for evamming trial. An eighth man
under arrest at Mart, Texas.
The white men are Lee Whitley and
Elmer Yearta, striking members of
the Butcher Workmen's union, and
Charles Polk, a union sympathizer.
The colored men, Robert Allen, cousin
of the man who was lynched, and
Nathan Butler, also are union men.
(APPEAL Editorial Sept. 3, 1921.)
THE APPEAL is sorry to note that
the color line has been drawn in the
new Veterans' Bureau by the organ
ization of a "Colored Division" and
the appointment of Dr. J. R. A. Cross
land as its head.
Crossland lost a son who fell "fight
ing for democracy" in France, and it
is a poor reward for the father to
be given a segregated bureau. It is
also said that he was an effective
speaker in the last campaign, in
which it was given out that the Re
publican party would abolish segre
gation in the departments at Wash
ington. If these things are true
Crossland deserves better treatment
at the hands of the victors, and he
also should have refused the appoint
ment as undemocratic and demanded
same treatment as is given to
other groups of American citizens.
One Lasker, a Jew, was made head
of the U. S. Shipping Board. Repre
sentatives of other racial groups have
been given places, but not in segre
gated bureaus. No President of the
United States would dare offejr a Jew
a place as the head of a segregated
Jewish bureau. There is no such
place and never will be. Only color
ed people are segregated by this al
Some people may think that the
'special" appointments which have
been handed out by the present Re
publican administration are forward
movements, but they are really nails
in the coffin of democracy and are
dangerous to the social and political
status of the colored people.
The Administration ought to cut
out these "special" jobs, eliminate
segregation which was promised in
the campaign, and if colored men are
to have appoinotments let them be
on a level with those given to other
groups of American citizens.
Better no places at all than those
which lower the status of the race
and automatically make their holders
defenders of segregation.
(From the Chicago Whip.)
Dr. J. R. Crossland of St. Joseph,
Mo., has been appointed to handle the
claims of the black veterans of the
late World War. The ^laims of the
black soldiers are the same as those
of the white and Dr/ Crossland has
really accepted a Jim Crow job.
Perry Howard, another prominent
Uncle Tom" politician, also accepted
a Jim Crow job. As long as we take
these political handouts, as long as
our "leaders" are too hungry to re
fuse them, of course they will be ten
dered our race.
Dangerous and Undemocratic.
(From the Crisis.)
"Mr. Harding meant that the
American colored man must acknowl
that it was a wrong and a dis
grace for Booker T. Washington to
dme with President Roosevelt!
"The answer to this inconceivably
dangerous and undemocratic demand
must come with the unanimous ring
of 12 million voices, enforced by the
voice of every American who believes
Mr. Harding Down South.
To the Editor:
The colored man, according to Mr.
Harding in his Birmingham speech,
should seek to be the best possible
black man, and not the best possible
imitation of the white man." This is
the Harding standard for the race.
We admit that in many respects the
white man is a poor model for imi
tation, as in lynching, discriminatory
practices against his friends and his
arrogant assertion of superiority by
birth and color, but why does not Mr.
Harding advise us to become the best
possible men, and forget distinctions
on both sides apart from merit? Of
course, we know how hard it is to be
logical and at the same time avoid
offending the South while a recipient
of its hospitality, but it does seem
amusing, as well as pathetic, that in
the same speech he says: "The one
thing Wc must sedulously avoid is the
deevlopment of group or class ^organ
izations in this country." Gee, but it
hard to straddle!
*w 1J. MILTON SAMPSON^
Dicertor of Research and Records,
Chicago Urban League.
asoqjji utua |jfl o\ pjuoraara t? no %i
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