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AN AMERICAN NEWSPAPER
J. .ADAMS, EDITOR AND PUBLISHER
ST. PAUL OFFICE
No. 301-2 Court Clock, 24 E. 4th at
J. Q. AD\M9, Manager.
PHONE: N. W. CEDAR 5649.
2S12 Tenth Avenue South
I. W. SBUKRS, Mstnair*r.
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Mlaneaota, aa necond-clasa mall
matter, Jane 6. 1885, under
Aet of ConarreRw,
March 3. 1879.
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SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 4, 1922
GIVING AND GETTING: Give,
and it shall be given unto you good
measure, pressed down, and shaken
together, and running over, shall men
give into your bosom. For with the
same measure that ye mete withal it
shall be measured to you again.
Luke 6:3& I
THE FREEDOM OF THE PRESS.
Postmaster General Hays, shortly
before signing his half million dollar
contract with-the movie moguls, came
out strongly against the attempt in
some quaiters to prohibit by law the
publication of racing news. The
movement had gained such "headway
that its friends succeeded in attach
ing a rider to a bill pending in the
House of Representatives so that
racing news would be prohibited
transportation through the mails,
along with lottery and cheating de
vices. "I was not consulted about the
provision," declared Mr. Hays, "and
I hope this section will not pass. The
whole bill had better be defeated, in
my opinion, than to add this addi
tional curtailment of the freedom of
the press. There has been a very
strong tendency of late in that direc
tion, and I am sure it is essential that
such a tendency should be checked. I
am reminded of Voltaire's statement,
'I wholly disapprove what you say,
but I will defend with my life your
right to say it.'
There are other ways of removing
the race track gambling evil than
through the indirect method of pro
hibiting the transmission of news
thereof through the mails. There are
probably certain crimes committed
for the sole purpose of achieving no
toriety for the criminal through press
account of his exploits. But that does
not mean that newspapers cannot pub
lish a news story of the incident.
Crime is sought to be checked through
laws directed at the perpetrator.
The racing evil can be curbed in a
-similar direct fashion. The people
are entitled to the news of the coun
try, whether it is good or bad, and to
curtail the freedom of the press in
giving it to them, strikes at the very
root of popular government.
WHO IS HE?
The press dispatches say that the
President has picked a "negro" to be
Recorder of Deeds for the District of
Columbia. THE APPEAL nas never
heard of the man who it is said to
have been selected. Who is he? Has
he been selected, for the reason that
like all of the other colored men who
have been given places under the
present regime, he will head a jim
crow* office? Will the office of Re
corder of Deeds be a segregated
place? The colored people who sup
ported Harding have a right to
know. And the colored people ought
to rise in their might, if they have
any, and protest against any more
A GOOD VIEWPOINT.
The following under the heading,
"The Colored Man's Viewpoint," is
from the Chicago Tribune:
I desire to compliment you upon
the fact that you have taken up the
THE SIN OF SILENCE
To sin by silence when we should
protest makes cowards out of men.
The human race has climbed on pro
test. Had no voice been raised against
injustice, ignorance and lust, the in-
quisition yet would serve the law, and
guillotines decide our least disputes.
The few who dare must speak and
speak again to right the wrongs of
many.Ella Wheeler Wilcox.
BRISBANE'S POISON GAS.
Arthur Brisbane, who contributes a
column headed "Today" to the Hearst
newspapers, is considered a great
writer, but THE APPEAL has no
ticed for years that he has great bit
terness against colored people in his
writings. Here is some of his latest
President Harding told the colored
men and women in the South that it
was a mistake for them to talk about
"social equality." said he: "This is a
question of recognizing a fundamen
tal, eternal and inescapable differ-
That earnest young Socialist plu
tocrat, Charles E. Russell, rebukes
President Harding and wants to
know what PROOF there is of a dif
ference between Negro and white
"Show me," says he. In any nat
ural history museum the polite at
tendant will "show him." He will
lead Mr. Russell to a row of skulls,
and say, "This is a Negro of
type this is a Negro of another.
This is a white man."
A 5-year-old child can be taught the Emperor Jones," sent him into Vir
difference. And to change the skull
To lift up the bone of a forehead, Gilpin is a colored man. But now
making it half an inch nearer to the Broadway hears a quick change in
perpendicular, would take 10,000 years plans came about,
at least. There is the "show me" an-J A letter with a Ku Klux Klan sig-
swer, most puzzling to those that
practice of using colored man or col
ored woman instead of Negro or Ne-'erty has introduced to ow' *j*Hs
THE MAN WHO DARES
I honor the man who in the consci
entious discharge of his duty dares to
stand alone the world, with ignorant,
intolerant judgment, may condemn,
the countenances of relatives may be
averted, and the hearts of friends grow
cold, but the sense of duty done shall
be sweeter than the applause of the
world, the countenances of relatives o,*?
*^fJ|earts of friends. Charles Sumner.
gress. This is attested by an article
which appeared on the front page of
Wednesday's Tribune and another in
this morning's Tribune.
I have not at all forgotten that your
paper at one time graciously agreed
to capitalize the word Negro. Al
though the word Negro is a ^term
which some persons of color dislike,
yet it was thought a half loaf was
better than none at all, and so we
contented ourselves with the capitali
zation. We cannot commend too high
ly your use of the word colored in
the place of Negro and are hoping
that the substitute will be both gen
eral and permanent.
S. A. T. WATKINS,
President Appomattox Club.
CHARLES S. DUKE,
Chairman Civics Committee,
It is a very important thing for a
great newspaper like the Chicago
Tribune to use colored instead of Ne
gro as a racial designation. Probably
no one thing has contributed so much
to the contempt in which colored peo
ple are held than the use of the word
Negro in describing the colored peo
ple of the United States. And it's a
lie. The colored people are not Ne
groes. The are, and they ought to
proclaim themselves, AMERICANS.
THE K. K. K. BARS GILPIN.
The tour of Charles Gilpin, the col
ored actor, has been abandoned so
far as the south is concerned, tern
Adolph Klauber, under whose man
agement Gilpin was playing in "The
except by interbreeding, which is not further south. In Richmond the show
desired, would take many thousands did well and it began to appear the
i a and had planned to send him
would LIKE equality, but that don't Virginia. It advised him not to
want to deceive themselves.
A great naturalist said, "The dif
ference between a low type of Afri- ber of white players. It was then
can savage and a highly developed that the route was changed and the
troupe is now in Ohio.
white man is greater than the differ
ence between that savage and a blade
of grass." That, unfortunately, is
true, and intelligent Charles E. Rus
sell knows it.
Let us not deceive ourselves
others, even in the noble cause of
brotherly love. Those that are de
ceived, no matter how kindly, lose
The bunk about the African savage
and a blade of grass seems to be a
favorite quotation of Mr. Brisbane for
he has used it at least a half dozen
times a year for the last ten years.
Other great naturalists have said that
there are no fundamental differences
between the white and black races
and the Christ has said that of one
blood were created all nations. The
colored people in America are not
African savages and probably half of
the so-called* white people in the
United States have more or less Ne
gro blood in their veins,. President
Garfield termed Alexander Hamilton
"the greatest man who ever trod
American soil,' and yet it has been
proved that Hamilton had .Negro
blood in his veins.
would overlook the fact that
was received by Gilpin while in
tempt to continue in the south with
his company, which contains a num-
GEN. MANGIN HAS RIGHT IDEA.
elite possesses the ability to excel in
every domain of human activity."
HARDING GtTS ANOTHER RAP.
At the annual meeting of the Na
tional Association for the Advance
ment of Colored People, held in New
York last week, Charles Edward Rus
sell, orator and author welcomed the
advent of the "new Negro" who, he
his rights. He also ridiculed Presi
dent Harding's assertion that there
was an "impassable gulf" between col
ored and white people in the United
States and advocated that, before at
tempting to lead the world to disar
mament, the United States disarm
the lyncher within her own borders.
And so say we all!
Here is one paragraph from Mr.
Russell's speech: "I must frankly
say to the gentleman who said that,
President Harding," said Mr. Russell,
"that you don't know what you're
talking If this great gulf you
speak of between the races which you
speak of exists, what does it look
like? Have you a photograph of it?
There is no such gulf, and the only
limit to the development of you col
ored people is" the one you place your
he asserted ii|, an interview. "And years and was well trained to reiter-
expenence has demonstrated that this ate that the colored man does not
JIM CROW LEADERS.
We derive^very much satisfaction
out of the position taken by theER
French General Mangin who recently
"An end must be put to this absurd
legend of the inferiority of the col
ored races. It is based solely on the
tradition of slavery and is not at allAMERICAN
flattering to the white races!"
Sc-declares Gen. Mangin, whose ut
terance is the most authoritative of
those who have taken up advocacy of
the cause of the colored peoples, fol
lowing the winning of the Goncourt
literary prize by the Martinique
writer, Rene Marin.
Mangin is the great champion of
the colored army theory, holding that
only by training and arming her co
lonial subjects can France redress the
balance in face of more populous Ger
many. Their fighting value he proved
in the war,., for "Manger" Mangin's
colonial army wa^s always in the
thick bf the French offensives.
The general gained his affection for
the colored races during the twenty
years he spent in colonial military
and administrative commands. He is
not merely a soldier, but has consid
erable competence in literary talent,
which gives weight to his remarks on
culture among the colored races.
"There really is an intellectual elite
among the colored races, whom lib-
declared, was ready to stand up for development work among colored
people are made in the will of Mrs.
Calista S. Mayhew, who died Dec. 19,
1921, in Newark, N. J. This will be
splendid if it is not used along any
of the jimcrow lines.
CRINGING AWAKENS CONTEMPT.
We cannot win by blinking at facts
or by ignoring fundamental princi
ples. Editor J. Q. Adams of the ST.
PAUL APPEAL is sound to the core
and we shall all have to accept his
kind of leadership if we expect to at
tain our full -stature and status under
the American Constitution. Cringing
may be comfortable for the time be
ing put it is mighty humiliating for
all the time thereafter and it awakens
contempt for us as it should do innot
the minds and hearts of our adver
Editor Adams points the way,
whether we accept his advice or not
and sooner or later he wil blaze the
way to our financial, industrial and
political enfranchisement this
country where none will dare molest
us or make us afraid. Wise colored
leaders will take notice and govern
The foregoing from The Planet of
Richmond, Va., edited by Hon. John
Mitchell, Jr., who recently polled
20,000 votes as candidate for gov
ernor of the state, is pleasing to the
editor but we accept it as a tribute
to the cause for which THE APPEAL
has fought for nearly forty years
rather than a personal compliment.
We had in a recent issue a sympo
sium of views of colored editors in
various parts of the country on thegation
speeches of President Harding in Bir
mingham, Xla., and Atlanta, Ga.
One of the strongest of these is
editorial from the Richmond (Va.)
Planet, by that fearless journalist,
Mitchell, Jr. Referring to
desire of President Harding to have
more "negro" leaders developed, The
THE SOUTH IS FULL OF THIS
KIND OF LEADERS. DR. BOOK-
ER T. WASHINGTON DID HIS
PART IN DEVELOPING THIS
KIND OF LEADERSHIP. IN LAT
YEARS HE REALIZED THAT
HE HAD GONE TOO FAR, TO THE
EXTENT OF ELIMINATING THE
PRINCIPLES OF MANHOOD,
WITHOUT WHICH NO RACE CAN
RISE TO THE FULL HEIGHT OF
This is a strong statement yet it is
absolutely true. No single thing in
the history of the colored people in
the United States has done so much
to prevent the full attainment of citi
zenship as that speech of Booker
Washington delivered in Atlanta, Ga.,
Since then the descent to hell has
been swift and sure and the depths
were sounded when the other day,
Warren G. Harding, President of the
United States, stood by the side of
the Grady monument in Atlanta, pro
nounced a ulogy on Henry W.
Grady, the most bitter, dangerous and
insidious enemy of the colored people
that the country has produced, de
clared that the race question must be
settled by the segregation of Ameri
Lured on by the enthusiastic recep- Perry Howard, another prominent
tion by the South of the B. Washing
ton speech* and the white man/s
"good negrr' pat on the shoulder, the
jimcrow leaders' tribe has increased
so enormously that it is now a men
ace to be reckoned with in. every com
munity which there are a hundred
Before he died Booker Washington
repented in bitterness what he had
done and longed for life to wash out
his unwise course but it was too late.
Although it may be news to many, it
is a fact that after his death an ar
ticle, written by him, was printed in
a leading magazine, in which he re
pudiated segregation which he "had so
No greater calamity could befall
the colored people than the harvest
ing of a new crop of "jimcrow, negro
j%^ TRUE TO FORM.
At the Detroit Methodist conference
Emmett J. Scott declared "The Negro
dpes not ask social equality and never
want that and other things which
would please tlurSouth. Now that he
is away from Tuskegee he ought to
learn a new tune.
NEARLY $3,000,000 WILLED FOR UP
LIFT OF COLORED PEOPLE.
Information has reached THE AP
PEAL that bequests of nearly $3,000,-
000 for educational, charitable and
ha ,t i*. AH t._ i__ _. peculiar to asked it Al he asks is sociai
justice." But, pray how can the col
ored man get "social justice unless lie '+V.n+
has every kind of equality before the,^
nant people do not give exact justice
to people they consider their inferiors
Protest always pays. For some
time the people of India have been
making "silent protest" against the
many injustices from which they suf
fer and now it seems that results are
about to be achieved. The govern
ment has introduced several bills for
the repeal of nearly all of the repres
sive and restrictive laws now on the
And because they have protested,
England will give independence to
the Egyptians. Down South, Moton
et al are lauding the brutal people
who have stolen the rights of the col
ored people and restricted them to a
jimcrow place in the social scheme.
Five men, two of them colored, have
been sentenced to life imprisonment
in the Oklahoma state penitentiary
for complicity in the lynching of Jake
Brooks, a colored packing house work
er. All of the men entered pleas of
The Irish having fought for 760
years to gain freedom intend to keep
it at all odds. The Irish Free State is
yet in official being, but the min
ister of defense is making plans for
a powerful standing army.
Six members of Howard's orchestra,
a Columbus organization, were taken
to the outskirts of Maimi, Florida, by
masked men, flogged and told to leave
the city within twenty-four hours.
(APPEAL Editorial Sept. 3, 1921.)
THE APPEAL is sorry to note that
the color line has been drawn in the
new Veterans' Bureau by the organ
ization of a "Colored Division" and
the appointment of Dr. J. R. A. Cross
land as its head.
Crossland lost a son who fell "fight
ing for democracy" in France, and it
is a poor reward for the father to
be given a segregated bureau. I is
also said that he was an effective
speaker in the last campaign, in
which it was given out that the Re
publican party would abolish segre
in the departments at Wash
ington. If these things are true
Crossland deserves better treatment
the hands of the victors, and he
also should have refused the appoint
ment as undemocratic and demanded
same treatment as is given to
other groups of American citizens.
One Lasker, a Jew, was made head
of the U. S. Shipping Board. Repre
sentatives of other racial groups have
been given places, but not in segre
gated bureaus. No President of the
United States would dare offer a Jew
a place as the head of a segregated
Jewish bureau. There is no such
place and never will be. Only color
ed people are segregated by this al
Some people may think that the
"special" appointments which have
been handed out by the present Re
publican administration are forward
movements, but they are really nails
in the coffin of democracy and are
dangerous to the social and political
status of the colored people.
The Administration ought to cut
out these "special" jobs, eliminate
segregation which was promised in
the campaign, and if colored men are
to have appoinotments let them be
on a level with those given to other
groups of American citizens.
Better no places at all than those
which lower the status of the race
and automatically make their holders
defenders of segregation.
(From the Chicago Whip.)
Dr. J. R. Crossland of St. Joseph,
Mo., has been appointed to handle the
claims of the black veterans of the
late World War. The claims of the
black soldiers are the same as those
of the white and Dr^ Crossland has
a Jim Crow job.
Uncle Tom" politician, also accepted
a Jim Crow job. As long as we take
these political handouts, as long as
our "leaders" are too hungry to re
fuse them, of course they willfeeten
dered our race.
Challenging Mr. Brisbane's .Challenge.
Sir: Mr. Brisbane in his "Today"
takes issue with Charles E. Russell
for challenging President Harding
and like thinkers to show him proof
that "fundamental, eternal and ines
capable differences" exist between the
black and white races. Mr. Brisbane
is forceful, original and brilliant but
a lightning bug is also brilliant. Un
like your other writers, manifestly
fair, he is given to pronounced racial
prejudice, the appointed prophet
warning the white race to preserve
itself while there is yet time. The
one proof he submits to Mr. Russell
of black inferiority is one of differ
ence in skull contour. Fa greater
differences are to be found as relates
to skull contour in each race than
between any two races the same is
true of brain weight, convolutions
and, in fact, a majority of physical
commonly by the layman as
a given race.
I liken toscience
OJ i~ ^T parade as A little reading
law and public opinion?" Domi-f0f
ScottgTwas private secretary to'
Booker Washington for nearly twenty
read Mr. Brisbane's
column,ebut he should Tie madeo awaret
have often had
^_ _J I _J.J. 1. .1 I
a t1 4
ll fL 1
Thomasscientific. "Sourc Book.for Socia
Boas' "Mind of Primi"e would stand Mr Brisban
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