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AN AMERICAN NEWSPAPER
J. .ADAMS, EDITOR AND PUBLISHER
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SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 11, 1922
GIVING AND GETTING: Give,
and it shall be given unto you good
measure, pressed down, and shaken
together, and lunning over, shall men
give into your bosom. For with the
same measuie that ye mete withal it
shall be measured to you again.
One hundred and thirteen years ago
tomoriow, Abiaham Lincoln was born
into this world.
No other American, and very few
men of any nation or period have en-,
tered so intimately into the personal
experience of millions -as Abraham
Lincoln. The words of him who
never had a year in school are used
teaching college students the high
est possibilities of language. His
coined phrases aie worn smooth and
dateless in cm lent speech. But more
than that, his habit of thought has
guided the thinking of errand boy and
Piesident. His faith quickens the
faith of us all.
Abraham Lincoln was not a spec
an originator of
systems of thought. But he was one
of the greatest exponents and de
fenders of truth in its applications
and illustrations in human experience
that the world has ever seen. His life
and wordswhich are inseparable
perfectly teach the balance between
thought and act, principle and prac
tice, general truth and particular
As the years roll by he rises higher
and higher in the estimation of those
he left behind.
Would to God that we had more
Lmcolns in these troublous times.
THE FREEDOM OFTHE PRESS.
Postmaster General Hays, shortly
before signing his half million dollar
contract with the movie moguls, came
out strongly against the attempt in
some quarters to prohibit by law the
publication of racing news. The
movement had gained such headway
that its friends succeeded in attach
ing a rider to a bill pending in the
House of Representatives so that
racing news would be prohibited
transportation through the mails,
along with lottery and cheating de
vices. "I was not consulted about the
^provision," declared Mr. Hays, "and
hope this section will not pass. The
whole bill had better be defeated, in
,jny opinion, than to add this addi
Iptional curtailment of the freedom of
WHO IS HE?
"The Great Emancipator," the 113th Anniversary of Whose Birthday Will Be
The press dispatches say that the
President has picked a "negro" to be
Recorder of Deeds for the District of
Columbia. THE APPEAL has never
heard of the man who it is said to
have been selected. Who is he? Has
he been selected, for the' reason that
like all of the other colored men
have been given places under the
present regime, he will head a jim
crow office? Will the office of Re
corder of Deeds be a segregated
place? The colored people who sup
ported Harding have a right to proved that Hamilton hacT^Negro
know. And the colored people ought blood in his veins.
to rise in their might, if they have
any, and protest against any more
BRISBANE'S POISON GAS.
Arthur Brisbane, who contributes a
column headed "Today" to the Hearst
newspapers, is considered a great
writer, but THE APPEAL has notain
ticed for years that he has great bit
terness against colored people in his
writings. Here is some of his latest
President Harding told the colored
men and women in the South that it
was a mistake for them to talk about
"social equality." said he: "This is a
question of recognizing a fundamen
tal, eternal .and inescapable differ-
That earnest young Socialist plu
tocrat, Charles E. Russell, rebukes
President Harding and wants to
know what PROOF there is of a dif
ference between Negro and white
"Show me," says he. In any nat
ural history museum the polite at
tendant will "show him." He will
lead Mr. Russell to a row of skulls,
and say, "This is a Negro of one
type this is a Negro of another.
This is a white man."
THE MAN WHO DARES
I honor the man who in the consci
entious discharge of his duty dares to
stand alone the world, with ignorant,
intolerant judgment, may condemn,
the countenances of relatives may be
averted, and the hearts of friends grow
cold, but the sense of duty done shall
be sweeter than the applause of the
world, the countenances of relatives or
the hearts of friends.Charles Sumner.
A 5-year-old child can be- taught the
difference. And to change the skull
except by interbreeding, which is not
desired, would take many thousands
the press. There has been a very
strong tendency of late in that direc
tion, and I am sure it is essential that
such a tendency should be checked. I
am reminded of Voltaire's statement, of years.
'I wholly disapprove what you say, I To lift' up the bone of a forehead,
but I will defend with my life your making it half an inch nearer to the
right to say it.' perpendicular, would take 10,000 years
There are other ways of removing' at least. There is the "show me" an-EXTENT
the race track gambling evil than swer, most puzzling to those that
through the indirect method of pro
hibiting the transmission of news
thereof through the mails. There are
probably certain crimes committed
for the sole purpose of achieving no
toriety for the criminal through press
account of his exploits. But that does
not mean that newspapers cannot pub
lish a news story of the incident.
Crime is sought to be checked through
laws directed at the perpetrator.
The racing evil can be curbed in a
similar direct fashion. The people
are entitled to the news of the coun
try, whether it is good or bad, and to
curtail the freedom of the press in
giving it to them, strikes at the very
root of popular government.
would LIKE equality, but that don't
want to deceive themselves.
A great naturalist said, "The dif
ference between a low type of Afri
can savage and a highly developed
white man is greater than the differ
ence between that savage and a blade
of grass." That, unfortunately, is
true, and intelligent Charles E. Rus
sell knows it.
Let us not deceive ourselves or
others, even in the noble cause of
brotherly love. Those that are debeen
ceived, no matter how kindly, lose
The bunk about the African savage
and a blade of grass seems to be a
favorite quotation of Mr. Brisbane for
he has used it at least a half dozen
times a year for the last ten years.
Other great naturalists have said that
there are no fundamental differences
between the white and black races
and the Christ has said that of one
blood were created all nations. The
colored people in America are not
African savages and probably half of
so-called white people in the
United States have more or less Ne
gro blood in their veins. President
Garfield termed Alexander Hamilton
"the greatest man who ever trod
American soil/ and yet it has been
CRINGING AWAKENS CONTEMPT.
We cannot win by blinking at facts
or by ignoring fundamental princi
ples. Editor J. Q. Adams of the ST.ticle,
PAUL APPEAL is sound to the core
and we shall all have to accept his
kind of leadership if we expect to at
our full stature and status under
the American Constitution. Cringing
may be comfortable for the time be
ing put it is mighty humiliating for
all the time thereafter and it awakens
contempt for us as it should do in
the minds and hearts of our adver
Editor Adams points the way,
whether we accept his advice or not
and sooner or later he wil blaze the
way to our financial, industrial and
political enfranchisement this
country where none will dare molest
us or make us afraid. Wise colored
leaders will take notice and govern
The foregoing from The Planet of
Richmond, Va., edited by Hon. John
Mitchell, Jr., who recently polled
20,000 votes as candidate for gov
ernor of the state, is pleasing to the
editor but we accept it- as a tribute
to the cause for which THE APPEAL
has fought for nearly forty years
rather than a personal compliment.
HARDING GETS ANOTHER RAP.
At the annual meeting of the Na
tional Association for the Advance
ment of Colored People, held in Newthe
York last week, Charles Edward Rus
sell, orator and author welcomed the
advent of the "new Negro" who, heored
declared, was ready to stand up for
his rights. He also ridiculed Presi
dent Harding's assertion that there
was an "impassable gulf" between col
ored and white people in the United
States and advocated that, before at
tempting to lead the world to disar
mament, the United States disarm
the lyncher within her own borders.
And so say we all!
Here is one paragraph from Mr.
Russell's speech: "I must frankly
say to the gentleman who said that,
President Harding," said Mr. Russell,
"that you don't know what you're
talking about. If this great gulf you
speak of between-the races which you
speak of exists, what does it look
like? Have you a photograph of it?
There is no such gulf, and the only
limit to the development of you col
ored people is the one you place your
JIM CROW LEADERS.
We had in a recent issue a sympo
sium of views of colored editors in
various parts of the country on theister
speaches of President Harding in Bir
mingham, Ala., and Atlanta, Ga.
One of the strongest of these is an
editorial from the Richmond (Va.)
Planet, by that fearless journalist,
John Mitchell, Jr. Referring to the
desire of President Harding to have
more "negro" leaders developed, The
THE SOUTH IS FULL OF THIS
KIND OF LEADERS. DR. BOOK-
ER T. WASHINGTON DID HIS
PART IN DEVELOPING THIS
KIND OF LEADERSHIP. IN LAT-
ER YEARS HE REALIZED THAT
HE HAD GONE TOO FAR, TO THE
OF ELIMINATING THE
PRINCIPLES OF MANHOOD
WITHOUT WHICH NO RACE CAN
RISE TO THE FULL HEIGHT OF
This is a strong statement yet it is
absolutely true. No single thing in
the history of the colored people in
the United States has done so much
to prevent the full attainment of citi
zenship as that speech of Booker
Washington delivered in Atlanta, Ga.,
Since then the descent to hell has
swift and sure and the depths
were sounded when the other day,
Warren G. Harding, President of the
United States, stood by the side of
the Grady monument Atlanta, pro
nounced a eulogy on Henry W.
Grady, the most bitter, dangerous and
insidious enemy of the colored people
that the country has produced, de
clared that the race question must be
settled by the segregation of Ameri
Lured on by the enthusiastic recep
tion by the South of the B. Washing
ton speech and the white man's
"good negro" pat on the shoulder, the
jimcrow leaders' tribe has increased
so enormously that it is now a men
ace to be reckoned with in every com
munity in which there area hundred
Before he died Booker Washington
repented in bitterness what he hadof.
done and longed for life to wash out
his unwise course but it was too late.
Although it may be news to many, it
is a fact that after his death an arthese
written by him, was printed in
a leading magazine, in which he redered
pudiated segregation which he had so
No greater calamity could befall
the colored people than the harvest
ing of a new crop of "jimcrow negro
A GOOD VIEWPOINT.
The following under the heading,
The Colored Man's Viewpoint," is
from the Chicago Tribune:
I desire to compliment you upon
the fact that you have taken up thewarning
practice of using colored man or col
ored woman instead of Negro or Ne
gress. This is attested by an article
which appeared on the front page of
Wednesday's Tribune and another in
this morning's Tribune.
I have not at all forgotten that your
paper at one time graciously agreed
to capitalize the word Negro. Al
though the word Negro is a term
which some persons of color dislike,
yet it was thought a half loaf was
better than none at all, and so weoccasion
contented ourselves with the capitali
zation. We cannot commend too high
ly your use of the word colored in
the place of Negro and are hoping
that the substitute will be both gen
eral and permanent.
S. A. T. WATKINS,
President Appomattox Club.
CHARLES S. DUKE,
Chairman Civics Committee,
It is a very important thing for a
great newspaper like the/chicago
Tribune to use colored instead of Ne
gro as a racial designation. Probably
no one thing has contributed so much
to the contempt in which colored peo
ple are held than the use of the word
Negro in describing the colored peo
ple of the United States/ And it's a
lie. The colored people are not Necourse,
groes. The are, and they ought to
proclaim themselves, AMERICANS.
Protest always pays. For 'some
time the people of India have been
making "silent protest** against the
many injustices from which they suf
fer and now it seems that results are
about to be achieved. The govern
ment has introduced several-WIls for
the repeal of nearly all of the repres
sive and restrictive laws now on the
And because they have protested,
England will give independence to
Egyptians. Down South, Moton
et al are lauding the brutal people
who have stolen the rights of he col
people and restricted them to a
jimcrow place in the social scheme.
One of the greast victories of right
over color prejudice has just been
won in Louisiana in the case of Miss
Lillie Taylor, who has* legally secured
absolute right to property valued at
over $29,000,000 to which she is
heiress. Every effort, that white men
could conjure up, was made to wrest
the property from her but she finally
won and now is, probably, one of the
richest women in the world.
That "the way of the transgressor
is hard," especially if he is colored,
has been terribly verified in New
York in the case of William Burke, an
18-year-old colored youth who was
sentenced to ten years in Sing Sing
prison for the larceny of fifty cents'
worth of bread.
The Irish having fought for 760
years to gain freedom intend to keep
it at all odds. The Irish Free State is
not yet in official being, but the min
of defense is making plans for
a powerful standing army.
(APPEAL Editorial Sept. 3, 1921.)
THE APPEAL is sorry to note that
the color line has been drawn in the
new Veterans' Bureau by the organ
ization of a "Colored Division" and
the appointment of Dr. J. R. A. Cross
land as its head.
Crossland lost a son who fell "fight
ing for democracy" in France, and it
is a poor reward for the father to
be given a segregated bureau. It is
also said that he was an effective
speaker in the last campaign, in
which it was given out that the Re
publican party would abolish segre
gation in the departments at Wash
ington. If these things are true
Crossland deserves better treatment
at the hands of the victors, and he
also should have refused the appoint
ment as undemocratic and demanded
the same treatment as is given to
other groups of American citizens.
One Lasker, a Jew, was made head
of the U. S. Shipping Board. Repre
sentatives of other racial groups have
been given places, but not in segre
gated bureaus. No President of the
United States would dare offer a Jew
a place as the head of a segregated
Jewish bureau. There is no such
place and never will be. Only color
ed people are segregated by this al
Some people may think that the
special" apppintments which have
been handed out by the present Re
publican administration are forward
movements, but they are really nails
in the coffin of democracy and
dangerous to the social and political
status of the colored people.
The Administration ought to cut
out these "special" jobs, eliminate
segregation which was promised in
the campaign, and if colored men are
to have appoinotments let them be
on a level with those given to other
groups of American citizens.
Better no places at all than those
which lower the status of the race
and automatically make their holders
defenders of segregation.
(From the Chicago Whip.)
Dr. J. R. Crossland of St. Joseph,
Mo., has been appointed to handle the
claims of the black veterans of the
late World War. The claims of the
black soldiers are the same as those
the white and Dr. Crossland has
really accepted a Jim Crow
Uncle Tom" politician, also accepted
a Jim Crow job. As long as we take
political handouts, as long as
our "leaders" are too hungry to re
fuse them, of course they will be ten
Challenging Mr. Brisbane's Challenge.
Sir: Mr. Brisbane in his "Today"
takes issue with Charles E. Russell
for challenging President Harding
and like thinkers to show him proof
that "fundamental, eternal and ines
capable differences" exist between the
black and white races. Mr. Brisbane
is forceful, original and brilliant but
a lightning bug is also brilliant. Un
like your other writers, manifestly
fair, he is given to pronounced racial
prejudice, the appointed prophet
the white race to preserve
itself while there is yet time. The
one proof he submits to Mr. Russell
of black inferiority I one of differ
ence in skull contour. Far greater
differences are to be found as relates
to skull contour in each race than
between any two races the same is
true of brain weight, convolutions
and, in fact, a majority of physical
and biological characteristics which
are commonly taken by the layman as
peculiar to a given race.
I like to read Mr. Brisbane's
column, but he should be made aware
that men of science have often had
to laugh at his efforts to
parade as scientific. A little reading
of Thomas' "Source Book for Social
Origins" and Boas' "Mind of Primi
tive Man" would stand Mr. Brisbane
in good stead.
CASWELL W. CREWS.
4230 Champlain Ave., Chicago.
Mr. Harding Down South.
To the Editor:
The colored man, according to Mr.
Harding in his Birmingham speech,
"should seek to be the best possible
black man, and not the best possible
imitation of the white man." This is
the Harding standard for the race.
We admit that in many respects the
white man is a poor model for imi
tation, as in lynching, discriminatory
practices against his friends and his
arrogant assertion of superiority by
birth and color, but why does not Mr.
Harding advise us to become the best
possible men, and forget distinctions
on both sides apart from merit? Of
we know how hard it is to be
logical and at the same time avoid
offending the South while a recipient
of its hospitality, but it does seem
amusing, as well as pathetic, that in
the same speech he says: "The one
thing wc must sedulously avoid is the
deevlopment of group or class organ
izations in this country." Gee, but it
is hard to straddle!
J. MILTON SAMPSONT
^HDicertor of Research and Records,
Chicago Urban League.
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