Newspaper Page Text
70L. 38N O
New York.Fate, in her time, has
tossed up many a queer and unexpect
ed combination on her dizzily spinning
wheel of chance but seldom so odd a
one as that of today, when Lady A j^
itor, the winsome, the brilliant, the
idol of two continents, looked down
from the heights of her fame to do a
jgood turn for a fellow Virginiana
iman who had been the companion of
criminals and jailbirds and who went
to prison himself because he shot Ed
die Guerin, the most famous interna
tional criminal of the last forty years.
The woman known as "Chicago
May," to whom no depths of wicked
ness were unknown, dragged this man
down with her and now Lady Astor
lifts him up.
When the great Majestic tied up at
the dock in New York recently among
her passengers was the man known
as "Charley Smith"a man who has
been in an English prison for the last
fifteen years, and who would have
been there another ten long years if
it had not been for Fate and her
younger sister, Nancy, Lady Astor.
Onc "Charley Smith," facing a
judge, said that his real name was
"Mr. Nobody, from Nowhere." The
years haven't added much to that
identification, nor to what is known
about that arch-criminal, the man
whose path "Charley Smith" luckless-'
ly crossedEddie Guerin. The un
derworld knows all their secrets, and
the underworld doesn't tell.
Let's begin with what is known
about Eddie Guerin. Nobody knows
in what obscure hole he is lurking to
day. The chances are that he is a
miserable, grayhaired derelict, thiev
ing and begging on the streets of
London. But there was a time when
he posed as an American millionaire,
and when the police of London, Paris
jan New York held him in awe.
Guerin a Gang Leader.
Eddie Guerin was born in a poor
quarter of Chicago, some sixty years
ago, in a day when Chicago was no
torious as a sink hole of vice and a
breeding place of crooks. By the time
he was twenty, in 1880, he and his
brother Paddy were leaders of a gang
of young toughs. Their first big "job"
was to walk calmly away one day
with nearly $10,00u in cash from the
counter of a bank in Galesburg, 111.
Eddie might have stayed on in Chi
cago, but, only a few days after the
bank robbery, he shot Thomas Tre
harn, a policema^i, in the back room
of a Chicago saloon, and fled from
his old haunts.
On his way East, a bank in Alle
gheny, Pa., was robbed daringly, and
Eddie Guerin was "wanted" for the
crime. But he reached New York and
managed to keep out of harm's way,
though he became known to the New
With the money from an occasional
bank robbery or burglary of jewels,
Eddie hung about uptown gambling
houses and spent it freely in the dives
of the Tenderloin. He was a husky,
handsome young fellowif you didn't
study his eyes too closelyand he
liked "the women." One of them in
particular he liked"Chicago May"
Churchill. He was to change his opin
ion of her later.
May was easy to look at, If con
temporary reports are to be believed.
Her blue eyes could seem very allur
ing to well-to-do men who didn't know
her record. Afterward, when jthey
had accepted an invitation" to her flat,
and, once there, found Eddie Guerin
suddenly demanding a fat bankroll
from them as the price of silence^
they found May's blue eyes as cold
as the steel of Eddie's revolver.
Paris Attracts Them.
New York cramped the two after a
while and, in the 90's they decided to
take a look at Paris.
There was a robbery of 250,000
francs from that famous Parisian
bank, the Credit Lyonnais, in 1891.
Eddie was suspected of having had a
hand in that. But nothing happened
to him for a good ten years.
Then, in the warm spring days of
1901, when all Paris and its guests
was basking at the little tables of the
boulevards, the distinguished Ameri
cans planned a more spectacular and
richer haul. Around the corner from
the Cafe de la Paix, the busiest and
most famous corner in all Paris, and
in the 'very shadow of the great
opera house, were the offices of the
American Express company.
With them now were Kid McManus,
a young Eastsider who had ascend
ed from the prosperous state of a
New York saloonkeeper. to the com
panionship of Eddie Guerin, and
Dutch Gus Miller, a notorious Ger
Their booty from the express rob
bery consisted of only 30,000 francs,
then worth about $6,000. They had
overlooked or had been unable to'
break the larger safes.
The four accomplices left Paris on
different days. Kid McManus went
first and reached London, but was
later arrested for another crime and
spent seven years in a Canadian peni
tentiary, emerging a mental wreck.
Dutch Gu Miller and Chicago May
were arrested as they left on differ
ent trains. And on June 13"thir-
teen" was again to figure as an un
lucky number for himEddie Guerin
was arrested just as he reached the
^tf' TJ* VF1^
LADY ASTOR FIGURES MOST
ROMANTIC CRIMINAL EPISODE
Through Her Influence "Charley" Smith, Who Shot Noted Bank
Robber, Eddie Guerin, Is Set Free in England
Guerin, World Famous for His Escape From
Devil's Island, Now Broken Man.
French border and broTjght back to
Chicago May was sentenced to five
years of penal servitude. Dutch Gus
to imprisonment "at hard labor" for
As the sentence was pronounced
Chicago May threw her arms about
Eddie Guerin and kissed him long and
passionately. Eddie was affected.
But he learned later that it was she
who, in order to gain a lighter sen
tence for herself, had given the in
formation which led to his arrest.
Guerin and Dutch Gus were shipped
to that penitentiary which is the hor
ror of French criminalsDevil's Is
land, that ghastly strip of land off the
coast of South America in French
Guiana, where a tropic sun beats
down mercilessly on steaming clay
and pestilential swamp.
But then came the most sensational
episode in all Guerin's sensational
career. From "Devil's Island," the
hopeless saying is, "no man ever es
But Guerin escaped!
The true story of the way in which
he effected it has never been told. In
all probability it ntfver will be. The
generally accepted version is that Pat
Sheedy, New York's famous gambler
and "patron of art," who had con
ceived a real liking' for Guerin, gave
or collected a fund of some $50,000
which was sent secretly to Guerin on
Devil's Island, and used to bribe his
Guerin reached New York in the
early summer of 1905, just four years
after the court in Paris had sentenced
him to imprisonment for life. He was
seen at his old resorts. In the autumn
he revisited his boyhood haunts in
Chicagoand then he dropped out of
Charley Smith Appears.
Two years went by before the po
lice found him troublesome again. By
this time, Chicago May had completed
her five-year term in a French prison 4^
and had gone back to London, where
she had rented' a flat in Gower street,
in the sedate Bloomsbury neighbor
hood, and was back at her old game,
it was said, of blackmailing wealthy
admirers. But now it was no longer
Eddie Guerin who acted as her male
accomplice in the business. It wasji
slender, curly-headed young American",
who sometimes gave the name of
Sabine Jackson and sometimes that
of Charley Smith.
I Eddie Guerin suddenly reappeared
in London. With him was a woman
known as Emily Skinner, who passed
as his wife, at times.
Guerin had been in London for at
least six months before their old
quarrel broke out violently. This was
On June 15, 1907. Guerin and the
Skinner woman were walking along
Oxford street, when Chicago, May and
"Charley Smith" dashed up alongside
them in a taxicab. It may be that
May was jealous of the woman who
had supplanted her. It may be that
she had resolved to "get" Guerin be
fore he could revenge himself on her.
She and her companion jumped from
the cab and a bitter quarrel at once
began among the four.
Suddenly young Smith drew a re
volver and fired. Guerin sank to the
pavement, as Smith and Chicago May
hurried away. Afterward It was found
that he had been wounded merely in
the foot. He was dismissed from the
hospital in a week. But for all that,
British justice was no less plain in
the case of Smith than' the French
verdict had been in Guerin's case.
Smith was sentenced to 25 years' im
A Broken Old Man.
In the 15 years that have passed
since then, Guerin, still living in Lon
don, has been arrested again and
again, on suspicion of complicity in
burglaries, but has managed to escape
lightly each time.
Two years ago. the chaplain of the
prison where Smith was serving out
his term paid a call to John Savage,
the American consul at Southampton,
and told him that Smith had behaved
himself admirably under prison dis
cipline and that all the officials be
lieved he deserved a commutation of
his sentence. More than that, said
the chaplain. Smith had jumped in
when one of the keepers was attacked
by a convict and had saved the keep
The 'consul Interested (himself in
the American's case, but without re
sult, for a year .or more. Then he
learned that Smith was a Virginian
The consul suddenly bethought him
self that Lady Astor was born In Vir
ginia! Nancy Langhorne she was,
I before she married Viscount Astor,
land campaigned until she was elected
a member=flrst woman member1of
the British parliament. "And she
hasn't forgotten Virginia," he said to
himself, "and she will help out this
poor chap if any one can!"
And he was dead right. Even'
though Lady Astor had never heard
of Smith before that moment, her
.sympathies were aroused immediate
jly. She investigated the case person
*ally, and was satisfied that Smith de
served a fresh start In life. She
pulled wires as none but she. can pull
them. And he is free I 3&
TEXAS CITY ONCE
Austin Was Seat of Government
of One-Time independent
Republic of Texas.
HAD ENVOYS AND EVERYTHING
When Washington Wat Little More
Than Village of Mud Street* Be-
Similar "World Capital."-
Washington, D. C."Austin, third
Texas city to be imperiled by the
forces of nature In little more than a
week, has played an important, but not
generally known, part In American his-
tory," says a bulletin from the Wash
ington, D. C, headquarters of the Na
tional Geographic society, in regard
to the capital of Texas, the outskirts
of which were struck by a cyclone.
"When Washington, capital of the
United States, was little more than a
village of mud streets between 1836
and 1846?' says the bulletin, "Austin
was a similar 'world capital,' the seat
of government of the independent Re
public of Texas, which, for ten years
existed as the fellow nation of the
United States. Ministers and special
envoys were accredited to the re
public by the United States and half
a dozen or more of the leading nations
of Europe and the forms and ameni
ties of world diplomacy were carried
out punctiliously in the little capital.
"Most of the legations have been
torn down now to make way for mod
ern buildings, but traditions still lin
ger of the efforts of the French and
British ministers to gain the greater
influence with the young republic, and
of the watchfulness of the representa
tive of the United States to see that
no loopholes were created to facili
tate an attack on the Monroe doctrine.
Descendants of some of the families
of the diplomats are residents of the
Selected Like District of Columbia.
"Like the District of Columbia, Aus
tin was located by special commis
sioners charged to select a creditable
site for the future seat of the re
public's government. This was im
mediately after Independence had beent from Mexico. They chose & trac
on the Colorado river among gently,
rolling hills just below where the
stream breaks, from a range of low
mountains. So the modern city, set oh
Its series of heights, has for a back
ground a great sweep of purple hills
that adds greatly to its scenic attrac
"But these .hills have U. more utili
tarian aspect than that of a pictur
esque setting for the capital of Texas.
In past geologic times a tremendous
cataclysm occurred which formed a 500-
foot cliff for "500 miles across Texas
along the line of the eastern edge of
these now rounded hills. This is the
Balcones escarpment, fast becoming a
commonplace term in financial dis
tricts for along its line have been dis
covered nearly all of the great Texas
oil fields that have spouted and are
spouting their millions of barrels of
"Austin preserves a memory of the
only republic to enter the United
States in the name of its principal
street: Congress avenue. Along this
thoroughfare were situated the epn
gressional halls of the nation. At the
head of this avenue, on the crest of
a commanding hill, is the present state
capitol. Its architecture, like that of
many other state capitols, is largely
borrowed from the capitol at Washing
ton, and it is almost as extensive, be1
Ing the largest of the 48 state houses.
"Texas, being a sovereign nation,
was the only one of the states to re
serve for itself Its public domain. One
of the important state functions, there
fore, has been the maintenance of a
land office like that of the federal gov
ernment. The state capitol is a monu
ment of this unique condition, for the
state was able to obtain its huge gov?
ernment building without the expendi
ture of a cent of money by 'bartering'
to a construction syndicate a tract of
3,000,000 acres. This was a negligible
portion of the public domain, though
it covered an area more than twice
the size of Delaware. It was kept in
tact for years by its private owners
and constituted the most extensive
cattle ranch in existence.
Has Huge Dam. i
"The present-day Austin is credited
with a resident population of 35,000,
but the presence of 5,000 students of
the State university and the inmates
of more than half a dozen state insti
tutions carries the total during the
greater part of the year close to the
"Across the gorge of the Colorado
river just west of Austin Is one of the
largest of American dams, which
forms In the mountain-rimmed can
yon a lake 30 miles long. It was con
structed by the municipality as a
source of water and power, but with
the numerous mountain streams1
ing Into it, it constitutes a popular
playground as well. The breaking of
the dam a decade and a half ago Is
the only other natural calamity that
has befallen the city. The losses were
confined to the river bottoms. Since
then the structure has been replaced
and heightened." -v^v
Lived Eight Years With Broken Back.
Warren, Mass.After living eight
years with a broken back, Charles R.
O'Nell, twenty-nine, is dead. He'suf
fered the Injury, when" he fell from an
electric car. Ul
ST. PAUL AMhMINNEAPOLIS. MINN.. SATURDAY JUNE 3, 1M2 2
Tnis photo shows a demonstrator
holding a Thompson Submarine gun"
against his nose xwhile It poured a
stream of lead at t% rate of 1,000
shots a minute, proving its negligible
recoil, a feature of the demonstration
of the gun as a crime wave remedy,
given for the benefit of New York
police at Tenafly, N. J.
SURRENDERS AFTER 15 YEARS
Ohioan Confesses Setting Fire to
Bakery to Get InsuranceCon-
science Gets Him.
Columbus, O.Declaring his con
science hurt him, that he wanted "to.
get right with God," "and expressing
willingness to pay the penalty for his
wrong-doing, Edward H. Fiedler, sixty
two years old, local resident, gave him
self up to the police and confessed set
ting fire to his bakery at Plain City,
Madison county, 15 years ago.
Married and, without employment
for months, Fiedler said he, went to a
church here and was so deeply im
pressed by the sWvice that he had
been unable, to quiet his conscience
He declared that need of money
caused him to set fire to his shop and
collect $700 insurance. The fire, which
occurred" nT^e"ceinh^-1908 resulted^
In a $1,500 loss. Officials of the state
fire marshal's office took Fiedler into
NO FLAPPER RIGHTS FOR BOYS
High School Lads In Ohio Town Lose
Strike to Wear Shirts
Washington Courthouse, O.Twen
ty-five high school boys here have lost
their strike for flapper rights. Princi
pal Thompson was adamant in his
stand to keep them from school unless'
they discarded their demands for
equality in dress styles with the girls,
that iSi no collars or neckties, shirts
decollete and shirt sleeves rolled up.
The boys insisted they had the right
to wear their clothes just as comforta
bly as the girls, now that the warm
weather had arrived. Mr. Thompson
told them they all could stay home un
til they decided to revamp their ideas
They returned to school after a one
day strike, promising to live up to the
principal's idea of how a gentleman
WRITER ON JOB AT* 101
M. Maille Saint Prix Does Long Article
for Newspaper Every
Paris.M. .Maille Saint-Prix^ the
oldest working journalist In France
and probably in, the world, one hun
dred and one years old, contributes
an article of a column to a column
and a half every week to a French
M. Maille Saint-Prix told a corres
pondent who called on him at his
chateau, about an hour's journey from
Paris, that his great yegcet is that he
can no longer go shooting, which he
had to abandon at the: early age..of
Man, 91, Uses Auto to Avoid
Taking First Train Ride
Lexington, Ky.Many years
ago, when steam railroads were
In an experimental stage in
southern Kentucky, James L.
Johnson of Allen Springs, Simp
Tson county, who is ninety-one
years old, made a solemn vow
that he would never .ride on a
Johnson was tempted recent
ly to break his vow, buff the au
tomobile came to his aid and
.enabled him to keep faith with
himself.- JHe has always been
averse to leaving home, but a
few days ago yielded to the in
sistence of his grandson, Claude
Meredith, who holds a position
with the fish and game bureau
at Frankfort, the state's capital.
Although the distance Is more
than 100 miles, the eccentric
nonagenarian made the long
trip overland in an automobile
rather than break Ms vow.
Johnson is as, erect as a sol
dier and his facilities are unlm-
1 i i i
Census Bureau Also finds
Women at Alt Ages Have
Better Chance for Life.
S HAVE BEST CHANGE
Examination of Mortality Tables In
dicates Decided Improvement in
Infant Mortality RatesEx
pectation Is Increased.
Washington, D. C.The Department
of Commerce, through the bureau of
census, announces that the second of
ficial publication on life tables derived
from births, deaths and populations
is soon to be issued. These tables
show conditions as they existed in
1890, in 1901 ,and in 1910, thus making
it possible to study the changes which
have taken place in mortality during
It is shown that mortality at practi
cally all ages is higher among *men
than among women. In particular,
it appears that the most, favorable
mortality in this country Is found
among women living in the rural dis
tricts. The rural classes, regardless
of sex, enjoy a much lower mortality
for nearly the entire range of life
than those living in the cities. While
the expectation of life, both among
men and women, in most classes has
steadily increased, there is no in
dication of any definite lengthening
of the span of life.
In other words, while almost all
classes of persons are living to an
elder average age, the limiting age of
human life does not seem to have ad
Girl Babies Have Best Chance.
In 1901 the expectation of life
among white girl babies at birth was
about three years more than among
white males, and in 1910 the excess
in favor of the girls had increased to
almost three and a half years. There
seems to have been a general improve
ment for all classes for the ages up
to about age forty for men and age
fifty for women, except for the negro
population. Above these ages no im
provement is shown, and in some cases
the mortality at the older ages in
1910 was actually-less favorable, than
it was in 1901.
An examination of the infant
mortality tables indicates a decided
improvement in the infant mortality
rate in most classes of the population
between 1901 and 1910. The expecta
tion of life of children born in 1910
also shows a considerable improve
ment over the expectation of life of
children born in 1890 and 1901 and
practically all classes of the popula
tion. The infant mortality in the
rural districts was considerably lower
than that in the urban districts, both
in 1901 and 1910, but the difference
in favor of the rural districts was not
as great in 1910 as it was in 1901,
indicating that the efforts to improve
infant mortality conditions in the
cities are undoubtedly meeting suc-
Life tables are also given by sex for
Australia, Denmark, England, France,
Germany, Holland, India, Italy, Japan,
Norway, Sweden and' Switzerland.
They may be used to compare rates
of mortality and expectations of life
at any age in one country with those
of any other country or with those in
the United States.
Low Mortality in Norway.
A comparison with these countries
shows that, except for France, India
and Japan, the rates of mortality
among men and women are less favor
able in this country than in the
foreign countries mentioned. For ex
ample, the lowest annual rate of mor
tality a thousand at birth is found
in Norway to be about 81 for
males and 67 for females, while
for a similar class in this
country it is about 127 for males and
105 for females. This indicates that
there is still much room for improve*
ment in this country.
The most important mortality tables
used by life insurance companies in
this country and in foreign countries
are included in this publication.
BOYS BUY MARKS IN PARIS
French People of All Classes invest
Their Money in German
Paris.The fever which has prompt
ed French people of all classes to in
vest their francs in German marks led
a twelve-year-old boy to a large Paris
bank, where he asked for "a franc's
worth of German money."
"Perhaps, though," said the child,
"it would be better if .1 bought Hun*
garian money. I read in the paper this
morning that marks had gone up, but
Hungarian money -hadn't, but Hungary
has lots of corn and I think her money
will go up soon, don't you?"
The clerk told the child to invest
his franc in candy.
Put on Shoes in Sleep.
Hammond, Ind.Al Roberts, tem
porary resident of the Hammond jail,
was given a pair of new shoes by a
jail worker. He put them under his
pillow when he went to sleep. Awak
ening, they were gone. He accused
his cellmates and his fists started a
small riot. When the police persuaded
the rioters to cease, Roberts found
the shoes on his feet^He had put
them on while asleep, so the police be
live and stanchly declare..
CANADA GIVES UP HER NAVY
Ships Donated by British Too Expen
sive to Keep, Is Statement
Ottawa, Ont.In the matter of naval
defense, Canada has decided to live up
to the letter of the demand for disarm-,
ament, the government having an
nounced in parliament that the navy,
consisting of several vessels given by
the British government, would pass out
of existence. All that Canada will do
Is to protect the wharves and harbors
at Halifax and Esquimau, and train
about 1,500 youths a year in naval ser
Whether the vessels donated by the
British government will be given back
remains to be seen. Certainly they will
be of no service to Canada as long as
the present policy continues, there be
ing no money for their upkeep.
The policy announced comes as the
result of an insistent demand for
economy. The progressives, who corre
spond to the agricultural bloc in the
American congress, are clamorous for
reduction in expenditure and have had
theis-way both in respect to military
and naval expenditure.
The policy of the government has
the overwhelming support of the house
WOMEN ATTACK DRUG CLERK
"Doping" of Children in Constanti
nople Arouses Americans to
here are aroused by discovery that
scores of refugee children are being
kept in "doped" condition by women
who make a living day-nursing them
while their mothers work for bread.
Nearly 1,000 of the children have
been found in hovels and cellars after
having been given a native narcotic
solution to keep them quiet. Sleeping
potions are sold by street criers and
the women had resorted to the plan of
stupefying the children so that their
own work would be uninterrupted.
Led by Mrs. R. S. Emrich of Fram
ingham, Mass., an American Near East
official, five American women have
formed _a committee to stop the con
dition of affairs. Mrs. Bie Ravndal of
Fllmore county, Minn., wife of the
American consul general, is chairman.
Mrs. Emrich found children sitting
stupidly on water-soaked dirt floors in
danger of developing tuberculosis as
well as suffering from drug effects.
CHURCIt BtJttDS 'SPITE WALL'
Pastor "At Outs" With Woman Living
Next to Parsonage at Pa
Paducah, Ky.Resumption of the
construction of an alleged "spite wall"
between the residence of Mrs. Mattie
Norvell and the parsonage of St. Paul's
Lutheran church, occupied by the pas
tor, Rev. G. Goerich, will be begun im
mediately, it has been announced.
Judge J. L. Price dissolved a tempo
rary restraining order because the pe
tition disclosed that the plaintiff had
an adequate remedy at law and upon
a failure to aver that the trustees of
the church are-ihsolvent.
The trustees refused to enter into an
agreement not to begin construction
until the- question of the ownership of
the strip of property is tried at the
May term of Circuit court.
It was announced that the trustees
prefer to erect the wall to obtain peace
for their pastor, and to tear down the
wall should the court hold that the title
to the property is in the plaintiff's
BANISH BOOZE,MOSLEM PLEA
Manifesto Urges Men of Faith to Halt
Feelings of Mutual Hatred
Constantinople.A manifesto has
been issued to the Moslem faithful by
the Islamic religious department ex
horting them to banish feelings of mu
tual hatred and rancor and to be
united in religion and faith.
The manifesto says: "In olden times
when we were united and attached to
religion, we dominated over vast terri
tories In three continents and these
territories we kept for many centuries*
thanks to our high qualities.
"Bet us give up alcoholic drink and
do riothing which our religion forbids
us to do. Let us try and love one
another and preserve no rancor to
Broke Into Federal Pen,
Now He Can't Get Out
David Wolman wanted some
place to spend the winter where
board and lodging would be
free. In Chicago he posed as a.
deserter from the navy and was
sentenced to two years in the
federal penitentiary. When
spring came he revealed his true
identity, expecting to be re
leased. Bat the government
wants pay for his board and
Wolman explained In a letter
to the Navy department that he
was not Michael McCarty, a
real deserter, whom he claimed
to be. An Investigation dis
closed the hoax.
i ^Now Wolman
Is being held for fraudulently
breaking into the penitentiary.
"The government Is seeking a
friend of Wolman who received
a reward of $50 from the gov
ernment for surrendering Wol
man as a deserter.
$2.40 PER YEAR
General Federation Plans Com
prehensive Program for
PROMINENT SPEAKERS LISTED
"Woman as a Working Power" Will
Be Keynote of Convention"In
ternationalism" and "American
Citizenship" Given Prominence.
Chautauqua, N. YWhat in the
changing order of things is woman's
duty and relationship to her home? To
her community? To her country?
What should be her interest in world
problems? What part can women, fed
erated into a world organization, play
in bringing about an international un
derstanding and friendly feeling with
out which there can never be perma
nent peace? What can woman, as a
working power, achieve?
These, and many more questions,
touching upon every phase of life and
living, will be answered when women,
representing the 2,000,000 members
composing the General Federation of
Women's Clubs will meet at Chautau
qua in biennial convention June 20-30.
Between 10,000 and lff.OOO delegates
are expected to attend.
"Woman as a Working Power" will
be the keynote of the convention and
one entire session will be devoted to
"Internationalism," and the promoting
of international friendly relations.
Discussions during this session will be
led by Mrs. Thomas G: Winter of Min
neapolis, president of the General Fed
eration of Women's Clubs and one of
the four wom/en members of the ad
visory committee of the Washington
conference who will speak on "The
Arms Conference and Afterward":
Mrs. Horace Mann Towner, Washing
ton, chairman of the national commit
tee on international relations and
Mrs. Charles Evans Hughes, wife of
Secretary Hughes, honorary chairman
of the same committee.
A new challenge to women's world
old responsibilities will be sounded by
Frank P. Garvin, president of the
An entire day will be devoted to
American citizenship under the chair
manship of Mrs. Percy V. Pennyback
er, chairman of citizenship training.
Guests of honor for this program will
be Bishop Clinton S. Quin, coadjutor
of the diocese of Texas, who will
speak on "Citizenship Plus" Jessie
Burrall of Stephens Junior college, Co
lumbia, Mo., whose subject is, "Dy-
namics of Citizenship," and Hanford
MacNider, national commander of the
American Legion, who will speak on
"The American Legion's Attitude
Toward Citizenship" Judge Martin J.
Wade, United States District court,
Iowa, who will speak on "Organizing
for Defense of American Institutions."
At this session plans will be made to
celebrate July Fourth as an annual
Citizenship day in every city, town
and hamlet in America.
"The New Public Health" will be
the topic of Dr. Hugh S. Cummings,
surgeon general of the United States,
and the question, "Is a high moral
standard, the same for man and wom
an, possible to achieve?" will be a
question discussed by experts and lay
The responsibility of clubwomen In
promoting the welfare of children will
be a topic discussed by Grace Abbott,
chiefs of the children's bureau, United
States Department of Labor, and the
public welfare and modern medicine
will be the general topic of Simon
Flexner, M. D., LL. D., director of the
laboratories of Rockefeller Institute
for Medical Research.
Many Questions of Interest.
The fate of the education bill in con
gress and other questions of interest
to organized women from a legislative
standpoint will be presented by Mrs.
Edward Franklin White, national leg
islative chairman .and deputy attorney
general of the state of Indiana, and a
war on illiteracy will be waged under
the leadership of Mrs. Cora Wilson
Stewart, chairman of the illiteracy
commission, National Education assd
The possibilities of motion pictures,
for either good or evil, will be dis
cussed and Will H. Hays, former post
master general, now president of the
Motion Picture Producers of America,
will speak on "Upbuilding the Nation's
Life Through Motion Pictures."
Mr. and Mrs. Thomas A. Edison will
appear on the program for June 22.
Recreational events and music will
relieve the program. O. Nevin and
Thurlow Lieurance, noted musicians,
are among those who will appear, and
there will be pageants and plays.
Moliere's masterpiece, "Don Juan,"
will be staged by the famous Guild
players and the Holy Land will be
Jbrought to the convention through a
blbu^al pageant staged by Nanette B.
Paul, owner of the world's greatest
collection of biblical costumes brought
from Jerusalem. 1
Hard Times for English Doctors.
London.London doctors are com
plaining as loudly as their professional
dignity will permit of hard times. They
declare fewer people seek medical ad
vice nowadays than ever before and
that they complain more loudly of the
fees charged by specialists. \ff
On the other hand some citizens re^
port fees of specialists have beenP"i
maintained at their highest markv^)
while British salaries, and rocom^fl
have been depleted.