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W AMERICAN NEWSPAPER
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SATURDAY, JULY 1, 1922.
THE RESURRECTION: Jesus
said unto her, I am the resurrection
and the life: he that believeth in me,
though he were dead, yet shall he
live! and whosoever hveth and be
lieveth in me shall never die.John
ILLINOIS' NEW CONSTITUTION.
After being in session for nearly
two vears the Illinois constitutional
convention has completed the draft of
the proposed new constitution fory
the state of Illinois. Two colored
men were members of the convention
and took piominent parts in the work
of the sameEdward H. Morris, the
great Chicago lawyer, who was a
member of the committee which
drafted the bill of rights, and suc
ceeded in having placed therein the
following: Section 19. Laws shall
be applicable alike to all citizens
without r?gard to race or color.
Bishop A. J. Carey, the other col
ored member, was instrumental in
having engrafted the provision that
the reading of the Bible without com
ment shall not be held to be in con
flict with the constitution.
The draft of the new basic law was
adopted by a unanimous vote and
will be submitted to the voters of
Illinois at a special election on De
cember 12, 1922.
STILL THE OLD SOUTH.
The thirty-second annual reunion of
the United Confederate Veterans
which met in Richmond, Va., adopted
a report submitted by the historical
committee declaring the Civil War
was "deliberately and personally con
ceived" by Abraham Lincoln, and
that he was "personally responsible
for forqing the war upon the South."
The assertion was made in connec
tion with a recommendation that
Southern schools "use a history of the
war period written by Col. Huger W.
Jackson of Curryville, Ga., which,
the committee said, "proved the truth
of its declaration regarding Lincoln's
responsibility in the war."
Asserting that the states of Mis
sissippi, Texas, the Carolinas and
Louisiana were now using histories
"fair to the South," the report de
clared that "the young children of
the South will now be taught that the
South was right, eternally and ever
lastingly right, in fighting for prin
ciples upon which our glorious coun
try was founded."
WILL PROBE JEW BAN.
The American Federation of Labor
convention adopted a resolution
favoring an investigation "of the
alleged discriminatory action which
is said to be contemplated by Har
vard college" to bar admission cf
Jews as students.
The resolution declared the federa
tion's disaproval of "any departure
from tiue liberal tradition," and con
demned as "un-American any policy
which may deny to any racial or re
ligious groups equal opportunities for
U. S. HEMAINS IN HAITI.
The senate has passed the naval ap
propriation bill. An amendment by
viding for withdrawal of American
marines from the two republics and
Nicaragua, Dec. 31 next, was rejected,
42 to 9, after a nearly all day debate
in which the American policy of in
tervention was both attacked and de
Controversy on the Haitian and Do
minican intervention policy divided
both parties. Five Republicans, Sen
ators Borah (Idaho), Johnson (Calif.),
Ladd (N. D.), La Follette (Wis.), and
Norris (Neb.), opposed Senator
King's withdrawal amendment, and
four Democrats, Senators King, Over
man (N. C), Walsh (Mass.), and
Walsh (Mont.), voted in its behalf.
JEWS TO PROTEST.
A nation-wide protest against the
anti-Semitic policies of Harvard
University, and the treatment ac
corded Leonard Kaplan in the Lucky
Bag, the United States Naval Acad
emy publication, will be made by the
Jewish population generally, Louis
Friedman of Brooklyn has announced.
Organizations already are being
formed, he said, to seek legislative
protection against what he described
as the rising tide of racial antag
onism. If the Jews, with all their
wealth find it necessary to protest
against racial descriminations, it is
doubly necessary for the colored, with
little wealth, to fi,ght against racial
A GOOD SUGGESTION.
Senator Arthur Capper of Kansas
suggests that Secretary of War
Weeks should resign.
"If a member of the President's
cabinet holds the views Secretary
Weeks says he hold*, whether as a
private citizen or public official, he
should resign immediately as an offi
cial of the government, for he has
shown himself to be so wholly out of
sympathv with what he has sworn as
an official to maintain and uphold that
he'is in no frame of mind to uphold
And the colored people know that
Weeks has jimcrowized the national
guard and the training camps, de
THE MAN WHO DARES
I honor the man who in the consci
entious discharge of his duty dares to
stand alone the world, with ignorant,
intolerant judgment, may condemn,
the countenances of relatives may be
averted, and the hearts of friends grow
cold, but the sense of duty done shall
be sweeter than the applause of the
world, the countenances of relatives or
the hearts of friends.Charles Sumner.
The resolution specified the edera-1 parley, the arms parley at Washing
tion should cause the investigation to ton, the council of Versailles ,are as
be made and that the officers, if they those of yesterday, met in distrust
found that a ban were to be placed
on the Hebrews, should take "such
action as they deem feasible to re
move the discrimination contemplated
and to assure equal opportunties to
all, regardless of race and religious
It will be noticed that the resolu
tion declaies as un-American any dis
ci imination against any racial group.
It is well.
Senator King of Utah, Demcorat, pro- the majority of cases when the col-
In a commencement address at
Northwestern University, Chicago,
Chase S. Osborn, former governor of
Michigan, said: "The white race has
seized thiee-fourths of the area of
the earth and placed two-thirds of its
population in tributary slavery, he
declared, and predicted that unless
Americans learn the way of life and
human justice _this country will follow
the descent of Babylon and Greece
In chalenging present day civiliza
tion, Mr. Osborn said: "The Genoa
and not yi contrition for safety first,
rather than for light, justice, and
IT MUST NOT BE
The proposition to establish a play
ground for COLORED children in St
Paul is un-American and THE AP
PEAL is opposed to it.
One of the strange phases of jim
crowism in these days in the fact that
nine-tenths of the plans to degrade
the colored people into a pariah class
are conceived in the brains of people
who call themselves Christians. I
fnr if i^u^
status below other Americans. its exposa of the Ku Klux Klan."
Thus man devotes his brother, and destroys:
'Tis human nature's broadest foulest blot.
ored man is kicked down it is done
"for his benefit" and "in the name of
No doubt some of the promoters
believe that they are doing a great
thing for the colored people of Saint
Paul but they are niistaken.
No greater evil could come to Saint
Paul, to the white people as well as
the colored people, than the attempt
to segregate one group of citizens.
It is a thing which will serve to in
flame the fires of race prejudice.
It is inconceivable that any col
ored people could so belittle them
selves as to be parties to so infam
ous a scheme and it is infamous
whether it is so intended or not. We
are glad to know that the superin
tendent of playgrounds opposes the
The decent self-respecting people
of Saint Paul must fight the nefari
ous scheme to a finish. If yo are a
good American you should oppose it
IT MUST NOT BE!
NO FREEDOM NOW.
President Harding told members of
the Philippne parliamentary commis
sion that he could not urge upon con
gress the desirability of Philippine in
Members of the mission who called
on the President today at his request
to receive his reply to the inde
pendence petition presented last Fri
day said the executive indicated that
he was not unalterably opposed to
Philippine autonomy, but regarded
the matter as a question of time.
Frank Crane says that the black
race has been the tragedy of historyy trvf^V
for it has lacked the combative spirit
of other races. In other words the
lickspittle crown has been dominant
President Harding has given orders
to Congress to pass the ship subsidy
bill. He has put no pressure on the
national legislators to make them
come across with the anti-lynching
The New York World won the gold
medal for "the most disinterested and
"HUMAN NATURE'S FOULEST BLOT."
My ear is pained
My soul is sick with every day's report
Of wrong and outrage, with which earth is filled.
There is nofleshin man's obdurate heart.
It does not feel for man: the natural bond
Of brotherhood is severed as the flax
That falls asunder at the touch of fire.
He finds his fellow guilty of a skin
Not colored like his own: and having power
To enforce the wrongs for such a worthy cause
Dooms and devotes him as his lawful prey.
#r. .i 4 vCowper.
Divorce Rare, Liquor
Unknown in Ethiopia
Says Prince in Talk
Flappers Get "Wings Clipped"
and Lovers Always Court Un
der Parental Eye, Declares
RoyalVisitorSpeakingatZion Presbyterian Church.
Ramsey county's divorces granted
during the past year will total about
625, according to District Judge G.
M. Orr, Ethiopia, with its 48,000,000
inhabitants, has had only two di
vorces in the past 105 years, accord
ing to Dr. W. S. J. Challoughlezil
czise, pastor of the Coptic church of
East Africa and prince of the royal
house of Ethiopia, who spoke on the
social and religious customs of his
country at the Zion Presbyterian
church, Farrington and St. Anthony
avenues, Wednesday night.
"You say we are wild in our coun-
try," said he. "Then we will call
you tame. But we wild people do
our courting differently from you.
When the young man* of Ethiopia
courts he pays three visits to the girl
of his choice. The first time he sits
next to the father, who sits next to
the mothei, who sits next to the
daughter. His stav is limited to an
hour and a half. The second visit
the arrangement is the same. The
third time he comes he takes his
wife away with him."
Clip Flappers' Wings.
The prince, who was dressed in a
long black velvet robe with flowing
sleeves and can of the same mate
rial, said that the natives of his coun
try were strong believers in pre
natal and hereditarv influences. He
said he was interviewed in an Ameri
can city as to whether or not flap
pers, vamps and cake eaters were
known in Ethiopia.
"When girls reach the stage of flap
perdom and desire to flap their wings
we clip them," he said. "I have
learned that the flapper is nothing
more or less than the twentieth cen
tury womar over here. In our coun
try we substitute the cottage course
for the college course if our young
women desire it."
The speaker said that Ethiopian
boys were boys until thev were 26
years old and girls did not reach" le
gal age until their twenty-third birth
Believe in Zodiac Signs.
His people, he said, tfelieyed in'thp
signs of the Zodiac and that the lives
of their children were affected bv the
signs thev were born under.
"Archaeologically," said he, "we are
inclined to be superstitious."
The Coptic" church, maintained the
prince, is *n of the oldest religions
in the wo^ld, dating more, than 2,000
years before the coming of Christ.
The country of -Ethiopia, he said, was
named before the book of Genesis
was written. The doctor said his
country was not troubled with pro
hibition problems, as whisky, rum
and opium had always been unknown
The prince has been in the citv all
the week stopping at The Henrietta
and has spoken at St. James A. M.
E., Pilgrim, Baptist, St. Philips and
at Zion Presbyterian chui'ches. He is
a remarkable man and all who have
heard him are delighted with him.
COLORED BANK FOR CHICAGO.
Charter Signed of First National
Financial Institution of Kind.
^Washington, D. C, June. D. R.
Crissinger, comptroller of the cur
rency, has signed the charter of
the Douglass National Bank of Chi
cago, the first national bank ever
chartered to be run by members of
the colored race.
KLAN UNDER MASONIC BAN.
North Dakota Grand Lodge Issues
Ultimatum to Members.
Fargo, N. D., June 28.Masons in
North Dakota may not join the Ku
Klux Klan, according to a pronounce
ment by the Grand Lodge, which met
here this week, W. L. Stoekwell,
grand secretary, announced.h
Organizers fo thee Klan have been
yin^ tT effec organization in the
state for more than a year, and in
many instances have directed their
efforts at members of the Masonic
order, he said, and added:
"Masonry does not believe in re
ligious or lace hatred. During the
past few months organizers have
been at work in the state. Some off
them, unfortunately, member of the
Masonic fraternity. For this reason*tee
the Grand Lodge felt compelled to
take a very definite stand with dras
tic penalties attached thereto."
Members of the order who have
joined the Klan must withdraw with
in six months under penalty of ex
pulsion from the Masonic fraternity,
THE GREATEST THING.
The more I think of it, I find this
conclusion, impressed upon me, that
the greatest thing a human soul ever
does in this world is to see something
and tell what it saw in a plain way.
Hundreds of people can talk, for one
who can think but thousands can
think, for one who can see. To see
clearly is poetry, prophecy, and re
ligion, all in one.John Ruskin.
Pastor Proves Value of Advertising.
It is no trouble at all for Rev.
Oliver Kene, pastor of the Methodist
church of Kearney, Neb., to stand up
and testify to the value of church ad
vertismencs in newspapers. Re
cently he said: "By advertising in
the local papers I have quadrupled
the membership of my church in four
years. Christ said: 'Go out and
compel them to come in/ What is
more compelling- than advertising in
the modern way? I often inserted a
quarter page or half page ad in the
home town papers. The expense was
met by the collection box, and the
more people the advertising draws to
church the larger the collection. So
the ads jai for themselves in actual
DELEGATES, COME TO THE
15TH ANNUAL CONVENTION
NATIONAL EQUAL RIGHTS
July 4th to 8th, 1922
Abolition's Stronghold and Free
THE CHIEF EVENTS WILL
Historical Tours To Boston's
Old Landmarks Each Day
TION AND PARADE
A GRAND BALLPICNIC
A SAIL DOWN BOSTON
Afternoon Reception, Hospital
ity Headquarters, Affiliated
Outings, Auto Rides
National Concerted Action for
Dyer Bill at Home of Senate
TO NAT'L ED. CONVENTION
All Colored Americans going
to the Convention of the Na
tional Educational Association
which convenes in Boston, July
2 to 8, are invited to be dele
gates to the 15th Annual Con
vention of the National Equal
Rights League, which convenes
at the 12th Baptist Church July
4 to 8 ,with advance registra
tion headquarters at 96 Ham
mond St., Mrs. M. E. Gibson,
Chairman. All such delegates
are asked to send word in ad
vance to the Registration Chair
man, also to Housing Chairman,
Mrs. M. Cravath Simpson, 5
Claremont Park. For General
Advance Information write to
W. M. Trotter, 34 Cornhill,
A committee comnosed of repre
sentative colored citizens of St. Paul,
appeared before 'the state of Minne
sota Industrial Commission on
Wednesday morning, June 28 last, for
the purpose of investigating and en
tering a protest against a certain
proposed separate and distinct col
ored employment office operating un
der the Minnesota State Industrial
Commission. The committee soon
found from the conference that the
commission did have under consider
ation such a project and that such
an office was to be located in the
Rondo street district and that it was
acting upon the advice received from
a group of colored men who had from
time to time appeared before the
commission strongly urging such a
course. The eommittee at once en
tered a strong portest to the com
mission against such a course on the
ground that the state of Minnesota
through its delegated powers would
be setting up a jim-crow institution
backed and financed by the state
which would tend to open the doors
to all the evils which accompanies
jim-crowism and segregation under
the authority of state government.
The committee found the members of
the commission with open mind, ac
tuated only bv a sincere and honest
desire to work out some plan with
our people in behalf of our own un
employed and did not look uDon such
a plan as an instrument "of jim
crowism until the committee had
called to its attention the evils of
such a course. The committee
strongly recommended that if a Ne
gro with the proper training and ex
perience were attached to the gen
eral office of the commission would
be able i to amply care for the situa
tion without the odium of jim
The committee was composed of
F. D. McCracken, Atty. Hammond
Turner, Walter Chestnut, Dr. L. Ray
mond Hill, S. E. Hall, J. Q. Adams,
Atty. J. Lewis Ervin. The commit
was presented by Horn John I.
Levin, representative of the 42d dis
trict who made a strong plea against
any sueh action. Each member of
the committee expressed sentiments
against the proposed jim-crow move
MAN SAVED FROM MOB.
Colored Man Rescued After Noose
Was Placed Around Neck.
Newport News,' Va., June 28.
Mack Tabb, colored, had a noose
aboue his neck and was being hauled
up to a cypress limb by a crowd of
Matthews county young men late Fri
day when older men saved him and
turned him over to the county author
ities on charges of assaulting Henry
B. Jamess, a salesman of Matthews.
RICE CONVERTS ONLY
A wire from Mexico states that the
Women's American Baptist. Home
Mission Society has decided to buy an
old palace in the city of Puebla at a
cost of $75,000 and convert it into a
kindergarten and graded school. A
gentleman who has recently returned
from Puebla told THE APPEAL that
the Baptists had sustained a mission
in Puebla for twenty years and had
spent thousands of dollars, without
making a single real convert. As in
China there are a number of "rice
converts," that is people who pretend
that they have been converted for a
consideration. The people of Mexico
are Catholics. Why should Baptists
spend money trying to induce them
to give up the religion of their
mm** MfN l*W^l
THE HOME RADIO
How to Make and Use It
II. PRINCIPLES OF WIRELESS TRANSMISSION
Before attempting to explain the functions and the principles of the radio
telephones, or describing how to make, use and operate them, it is necessary
to understand something of the underlying principles and fundamental laws
of wireless transmission.
It is not, however, necessary to enter into a long discussion on the theories
and principles of electricity or physics which enter into the subject, but
merely tc illustrate and make clear a few important and salient laws, causes
and results which make the transmission of sounds possible without the use
of wires between the sending and receiving instruments.
The first and most important principle of all radio transmission is the
fact that all our atmosphere is constantly disturbed by vibrations or oscilla-
tions or, as we may call them for the sake of simplicity, waves. We are accus-
tomed to think of the atmosphere about us as a more or less uniform sub-
stance which we call air, but in reality the air or atmosphere, space, and in
fact all solids as well are pervaded by an invisible, odorless, and almost weight-
less but exceedingly elastic substance known as ether or luminiferous ether.
It is by means of this ether that aU heat, light, electricity, etc., are transmitted,
in the form of waves or vibrations. Light and heat waves have been known
to science for a long time, but it is only within comparatively recent years
that man has learned that electric or electro-magnetic waves also travel
through the ether, and it was through this discovery, and by means of these
waves, that wireless telegraphy and telephony became possible. In a way,
the electro-magnetic waves are very similar to the waves or ripples formed
by dropping a stone in a calm pool of water, for, just as the water waves
travel in gradually widening circles from the splash, so the electric waves,
started by the spark of a wireless transmitting or sending instrument, spread
in ever-widening circles through the ether. Moreover, just as the waves in
the pool are short and clear near the spot where the stone is thrown and grad-
ually become longer and less noticeable and farther apart as they flow from
the splash, so wireless waves are clearer and sharper near the instrument and
decrease in clearness and size as they get farther and farther away and, to
draw still another comparison, just as the shore of the pool or any object in
the water interrupts or breaks the waves, so a wireless receiving instrument
will interrupt or receive the electrical waves of the ether. Indeed, just as the
waves or vibrations set up by the wireless spark are electro-magnetic waves
and the energy that starts them is electrical energy, so the waves in the pool
are started by muscular or mechanical energy. You ean readily understand
how it would be possible to communicate by means of such liquid waves, for,
il a person at a distance should toss stones into the water at stated intervals,
a person watching the shore, and noticing the intervals of the waves, could
understand signals which had been prearranged. This, of course, would be
a very crude and uncertain method of communication but if you could de\ise
some instrument to count and measure the "waves and could devise means for
creating waves of definite sizes and numbers, a practical means of communica-
tion could be established. It is just this which occurs in the transmission and
reception of electro-magnetic or wireless waves, for, by breaking or interrupting
the waves sent out bj the spark they are transformed into long and short sec-
tions which correspond to dots and dashes as used in wireless telegraphy.
These waves set in motion by the sending apparatus, possess the property of
starting oscillations in any conductor which they strike, and if they strike the
serial or antennae of a wireless station they start oscillations in the wires,
but so faint and weak that they would not be detected unless sensitive instru-
ments were provided to magnify and catch them. Such instruments are known
as detectors and consist of various substances or devices which are adjustable
and from which wires lead to a telephone receiver. The high frequency oscil-
lations of the ether, which are known as alternating currents, as they flow
back and forth, are cut off by the magnets in the receiver, while the detector
is designed to allow the oscillations to pass through in one direction, but will
not allow them to return, and thus it acts as a check-valve in a water' pipe and
the alternating, back-and-forth currents are transformed into impulses going
in one direction onlj- and known as direct currents. These will flow through a
telephone receiver and cause the diaphragm to vibrate, and thus the ear detects
the interrupted buzzing sounds which indicate the dots and dashes of the code.
Another very important part of the mechanism of the wireless apparatus is the
tuner, for without this the various vibrations of the ether sent out from num-
berless stations would come as a hodge-podge of meaningless sounds to the
receiver. But by arranging the receiving instrument so it may be adjusted to
receive or pick up only those waves of a certain length, all other vibrations,
and the messages they carry are eliminated or cut out. So, the wireless op^
erator who is receiving messages, may adjust his instrument back and forth
until he picks up any message which may be passing through the ether at the
THE FLORSHEIM SHOE 1
By A. HYATT VERRJLL
I Copyright by Harper& Brother*
always pays to buy Flors
heim shoes they are
made to satisfy. You get value
for what you pay. The name
on every pair is proof of qual
ity something you do not
get when you accept a shoe
of unknown merit
Two Shops in St. Paul
Florsheim Shoe Store Co
421 Robert St.
FOR THE MAN
16 W. Seventh St.
ST. PAUL UNIVERSAL CO.
GENERAL SALES AGENCY
Ladies House Dresses and Hosery. Fancy Aprons Suitable
for Street Wear. Mens and Childrens Hosery.
Call Us and W Will Call.
504 COURT BLOCK TELEPHONE CEDAR 3173
ST. PAUL STOVE & FURNACE REPAIR WORKS
Manufacturers and Jobbers
Repairs to Fit All Makes of Stoves, Ranges and
Furaaces. We are Experts at Installing Furnaces.
105 E. THIRD ST.
*m+M* tfaST. PAUL MINN.