Newspaper Page Text
GO TO CHURCH SUNDAY
ONCE, DURING THE DAY
VOL. 88 NO. 38
APPEAL OPPOSES ARMY COLOR
THE APPEAL wrote the Secretary
of War for information relative to
the segregation of colored Americans
in the United States army. The fol
lowing is the reply:
Mr. J. Q. Adams,
-Editor- "THE APPEAL,"
St. Paul, Minnesota.
I am in reecipt of your letter of
May 14th, in which you take excep
tion to the idea of organizing colored
troops into a separate division for
National Guard service. In reply I
may say that although the separate
organization of a colored'division has
not been ordered by the War De
partment for peace time National
Guard service, it is strictly in ac
cordance with the policy of this De
partment that colored units shall be
organized into complete and separate
divisions whenever the necessity arises
for the formation of such units in
time of war. This policy is based
upon the experience gained by the
War Department throughout our
country's military history. It was
carried out during the World War in
the organization of the 92d and 93d
Divisions which saw overseas service,
and I am surprised that this plan
which met with such thorough ap
proval at the time should now be
I think that you must have been
incorrectly informed as to the War
Department's attitude on this ques
tion for years is the first criticism of
this policy which we have received.
On the other hand this office has re
ceived numerous letters from colored
citizens endorsing the organization of
combat divisional units of colored
membership and objecting to the fact
that the War Department has found
it necessary (in view of limited ap
propriations and the difficulty of
training units scattered over wide
areas) to restrict for the present the
organization of colored troops in the
National Guard to those units that
operate directly under orders of the
jorps or Army Commanders and
which do not enter into the composi
tion of a division.
Very truly yours,
(Signed) JOHN W. WEEKS,
Secretary of War.
This is the reply of THE APPEAL
St. Paul, Minn., June 28, 1921.
to Secretary Weeks:
Hon John W. Weeks,
Secretary of War,
Washington, D. C.
I have received your letter without
date written in reply to my letter of
May 14, asking information relative
to the formation of a separate color
ed division of the National Guard.
While I am pleased to learn that no
such organization has been ordered
for peace time, I regret to hear that
it is the policy of the War Depart
ment to organize separate divisions at
any time, either in peace or war.
The matter of organizing colored
soldiers into separate units is funda
mentally wrong, and I believe uncon
stitutional. It is a wrong which has
continued since the organization of
colored troops, but the continuation
of a wrong does not make it right.
It is a wrong which the World War,
fought as it was claimed "to make
the world safe for democracy," should
have righted. It is wrong because it
It is wrong because it takes the
colored soldiers out of their proper
places in the states in which they
live and makes them a segregated
part of the Federalized National
Guard. It denies them their rights
as citizens of their respective states
and forecs them into a special segre
gaterd statuss whicAmericansapplied is not to
up of such as
Germans, Irish, Russians, French,
Poles, Spanish, Portuguese, Danes,
Swedes, British, Austrians, Hungari
ans, Serbians, Bulgarians, Belgians,
etc. and it is not applied to Indians,
Jews, Japanese, Chinese, Koreans,
Javanese, East Indians, Burmese, and
other colored races.
If the colored man is a citizen, he
is entitled to ALL the rights of citi
zenship and this includes the right
to be on an absolute equality with
all other citizens. It is unjust for
the government to single him out
from the various elements which
compose American citizenship and
place upon him the badge of a pariah
I am sorry to learn that I am the
first to protest against this wrong,
but trust that from now on protests
may come in by the thousands, to the
end that you may be induced to
change this policy of your predeces
Very truly yours,
J. Q. ADAMS,
Editor THE APPEAL.
WILL BE DISAPPOINTED
The imperialistic Harding adminis
tration is absolutely opposed to giv
ing immediate independence to the
Philippines and the Filipino independ
ence commission due to arrive in this
country soon to plead its cause prob
abl" is doomed, to failure. Both the
President and the Secretary of War,
Weeks are opposed to independence.
Of course the United States solemnly
promised to give the Filipinos free
dom, but what is a promise to a great
country well supplied with warships
and money and the people to whom
the promise is given re weak and
A letter of instructions issued by
independence commission of the Phil
ippnes to the second Filipino mission
says at the outset:
emen: The mission/1
can people of granting us our inde
pendence as soon as stable govern
ment can be established in our coun
try should be, without delay, com
bring before the President and con
gress of the United States this just
demand of the Filipino people. The
sacred promise made by the Ameri-
SOUTHERN "FORWARD" BUHK.
Recently there was a laymen's con
ference of the Methodist Episcopal
Church, South, held at Lake Juna
laska, N. C, and one Rev. W. W.
Alexander of Atlanta, Ga., took the
stage and said:
"The next big forward step in the
inter-racial readjustment is to come
from the South, and the reason for it
is perfectly apparent. The South can
afford to do it. Then too the South
has the social prestige to do this.
The social question figures largely in
the race question. So the South can,
when it will take the leadership in
inter-racial co-operation. I believe
that the South will assume the leader
ship with the same sort of pride and
determination as it led the nation.
It has been the universal opinion of
those who have come in close touch
with the question that Negro leaders
do not desire or seek social equality.
They have asked for police protec
tion, better housing and living con
ditions and a chanec to develop into
useful American citizens with every
determination to maintain their own
social life and the purity of the two
It is true that some of the jim
crow "leaders" of the South have said
that they do not want anything but
police protection and do not care to
vote, etc, ad nauseam, but the color
ed people of the North will fight to
the last ditch against any scheme of
the South to impose its plan of set
tlement upon the country.
They know that the South has, in
all its "forward" movements pro
ceeded like the crabbackward. They
know that the colored citizens of the
South have been disfranchised, dis
criminated against, segregated, de
graded in every way, denied educa
tion, lynched, burned at the stake.
There have been riots and lynchings
in the North, but never a- burning,
and for'every lynching in the North
there have been 50 in the South.
Nowhere in the South have the
colored people any part in the local
government, and first of all they wish
the right to vote and participate in
the governments under which they
live. The colored people know that
the so-called Christian church has re
mained dumb for 50 years in spite of
growing anarchy, and now when it
speaks it comes with a jimcrow plan.
And as usual the South talks of
"social equality." The real intelligent
colored people all over the country
do not wish to be segregated from
other American citizens in the enjoy
ment of CIVIL RIGHTS. They do
not wish to be designated as pariahs.
This has nothing to do with inter
marriage, and it is the veriest rot to
say that it means intermarriage for
white and colored people to ride in
the same car or to go to the same
library. In the North, where there
are no jimcrow laws, colored and
white people go together in public
places without intermarriage. Mar
riages between white and colored
people are so rare that when they
occur, and that is seldom, there is a
long story in the papers about the
event. In the South, where there are
ly all of the UNLAWFUL mixing
goes on as it is promoted by the
difference in the social status of the
white and colored people. The surest
way to "maintain racial purity" would
be to repeal all of the Southern jim
crow laws. So long as the colored
people are a voteless people and on a
lower social and civil plane, the il
legal racial mixing will continue.
That is history.
In his enuemration of what the
colored people desire, Rev. Alexander
omitted two of the most important
thingsthe right to vote and the
aoblition of public segregation. There
is absolutely no hope of a settlement
of the race question on just Amer
ican lines if the South is to have the
leadership, especially if that leader
ship is to eb vested in the Methodist
Episcopal Church, South, which has
ever been the foe of the colored peo
ple from the time of the split over
slavery in the forties up to the pres
ent time when the church refuses to
merge with the Methodist Episcopal
Church, North, because the latter
church elected colored bishops.
WOULD "CONVERT" THE JEWS.
Some members of the Episcopal
board of missions favor the raising of
a fund of $1,000,000 for the purpose
of converting the Jews, "because they
are losing faith in Judaism and be
This move brought a quick retort
from many of the rabbis, three of
whom we quote:
"Attempts to 'convert' the Jew
have never been successful," said
Rabbi Joseph Stolz of Isaiah Temple,
"and the thronged synagogues refute
the charge that the American Jew
is straying from his faith."
Rabbi Stolz said that reports that
the Episcopal Church might be in
duced to appropriate large sums for
Christianizing the Jew were too ri
diculous to discuss.
Rabbi Abraham Hirschberg of Tem
ple Sholom declared that Judaism
was stronger than it had ever been
and that the American Jew was one
of its greatest factors.
5 In Europe they have had for hun
verting" the Jews by surrounding the
dreds of years, a great way of "con
ghettos and murdering men, women
and children. In Hungary, recently,
hundreds of Jews have professed
Christianity to save* the lives of them
selves and families, but all of the cer
tificates of baptism were overprinted
in red, "Not good in base of pogroms
The Jews of the-United States will
not rush to Christianity because they
know that American Christians would
then segregate them and compel then!
to ride in jim-crow cars and lynch
them just as they have their colored
A BLACK YEAR FOR COLORED
The first year of the Harding ad
ministration has been a distinct dis
appointment to right-minded, clear
thinging, far-sighted Christian Amer
icans, especially the colored people
who have been placed by fate under
the rule of the U. S. A.
The Filipinos, a colored race, have
been denied the freedom which was
solemnly promised them more than
twenty years ago. In 1921 there was
a farcical "investigation" of condi
tions, by the man who had been picked
to rule the islands and whose policy
had evidently been decided upon be
fore the results of the "investigation""
had been received in the U. S. A.
A man with bitter racial prejudices
has been sent to govern the Porto
Ricans, the majority of whom are
colored people, who are anxious to
get from under the American yoke.
Santo Domingo wishes to be free
from jimcrow rule but the present
American regime hangs on without
rhyme or reason.
The man sent to "investigate" and
rule Haiti, is the very man who was
the ruler when the alleged outrages
took place. The Haitians are nearly
all black people and Catholics in re
ligion. Not satisfied with the "pa-
cification" outrages, the oppressors
have added insult to injury, by forc
ing jimcrowism into the Catholic
churches where separate masses are
now celebrated for colored and white
people. That is one of the sacrileges
of the rule in Haiti of the U. S. A.
The Harding administration has
failed to recognize Mexico, although
the conditions are now stable and,
there is not as much lawlessness in
the whole republic as there is in the
city of Chicago in the U. S. A. The
population of Mexico is approxi
mately 70 per cent Indian 25 per
cent mixed white Indian and Negro
and not more than 5 per cent pure
When the President was a candi
date he addressed a large delegation
of colored people and said, "Fellow
Americans, fear not, America will not
fail you." Coolidge, the candidate,
handed out seme very touching
phrases couche 1 in the purest Bos
tonese, in which he made a plea for
more rights for the colored people.
Elder Will H. Hays and his assist
ants, including the "jimcrow" cam
paign bureau under Lincoln Johnson
and Perry Howard assured the peo
ple that the election of the Republi
can ticket would make this country
practically a territorial paradise.
It was not long after March 4,
1921, that it became evident that a
policy of segregation was being form
ulated for Americans of darker hue.
Practically all of the jimcrowism of
the Wilson regime have been con
tinued and many new wrinkles have
The speeches of President Harding
in the South last fall, in which he
practically read the colored people
out of the Republican party and in
effect endeavored to relegate them
to an inferior status in the social or
der were a veritable curse upon a
group of loyal citizens.
The administration has invaded the
states in which the colored had an
actual part in the party organizations
and has practically decreed that thev
must "fall in behind the white man,"
or get out.
The administration started a K. K.
K. investigation which was suddenly
called off without any reason for the
action being given.
A few jimcrow offices have been
thrown out like bones to a horde of
hungry dogs and a few jimcrow col
ored men have been base enough to
Mates, it has been a dark year for
the dark peoples.
The writer has been an active Re
publican for more than fifty years
and still believes in the principles
laid down by Lincoln, Grant, McKin
ley and Roosevelt, and it is with re
gret that we are compelled to note
that the present national administra
tion has strayed from the G. O. P.
CRINGING AWAKENS CONTEMPT.
We cannot win by blinking at facts
or by ignoring fundamental princi
ples. Editor J. Q. Adams of the ST.
PAUL APPEAL is sound to the core
and we shall all have to accept his
kind of leadership if we expect to at
tain our full stature and status under
the American Constitution. Cringing
may be comfortable for the time be
ing put it is mighty humiliating for
all the time thereafter and it awakens
contempt for us as it should do in
the minds and hearts of our adver
Editor Adams jjoints the way,
whether we accept his advice or not
and sooner or later he wil blaze the
way to our financial, industrial and
political enfranchisement in this
country where none will dare molest
us or make us afraid. Wise colored
leaders will take notice and govern
The foregoing from The Planet of
Richmond, Va., edited by Hon. John
K*^*^^jf ,^*pip$]gr- *5Sti*^aaawipi 5
y*** v- -?i
ST. PAUL AND MINNEAPOLIS. MINN.. SATURDAY: SEPTEMBER 23, 1922
Strong Editorial Utterances ot the late John Adams, Militant Editor of THE APPEAL
Reflecting the Policies Which Made THE APPEAL a Powerful Moulder of Pubic. Opinion
Mitchell, Jr., who recently polled
20,000 votes as candidate for gov
ernor of the state, is pleasing to the
editor but we accept it as a tribute
to the cause for which THE APPEAL
has fought for nearly forty years
rather than a personal compliment.
THE "NIGGER" IN THE Sf®A-
"Prof. Neval H. Thomas, $ school
teacher in Washington and ajj* active
member of its N. A. A. C. P., con
cludes a vigorous news article pub
lished in the Cleveland Gazette with
words which answer the boasts of
those who get money for institutions
and houses for Colored people that
keep the races apart. Says Prof.
"I have heard many silly Negro ad
vocates of segregation boast of how
much money they can raise for a
Negro enterprise, too blind to see that
most any white man will contribute
liberally to any movement that will
keep Colored people away from him
and make them acknowledge their in
feriority. In fact, the most dangerous
enemy of democracy with which we
have to contend, and the mdst serv
iceable capitalistic tool, is organized
charity. The large donors t$ these
Negro "charities" are making profit
able investments when, through some
well-paid Negro, they can establish a
separate Y. M. C, A., Y. W. C. A. so
cial settlement, or school. These in
stitutions aid in keeping the toiling
masses apart, so that on the principle
of "divide and conquer," these wealthy
"donors" can exploit. So, the collec
tion of large "contributions" by these
Negro segregationists is no achieve
ment, but another barrier to the prog
ress of the race. I well remember how
one of these international "secre
taries" boasted of getting the money
to build a Negro Y. C. A. in the
great city of Chicago. If that institu
tion remains there long the great civil
rights law of Illinois will be null and
void. Already its presence there has
popularized a movement for separate
schools and segregation as to homes
for our people.
"No, our solution is not surrender,
but FIGHT! Let the churches and
welfare clubs of Cleveland exert extra
activity for the moral betterment of
Cleveland's youth, and your press, pul
pit, your ballot, and every otbev%ewer
within you. Agitate for admission
into the associations which bear the
name of Jesus who was "no respector
of persons," until they acquire a sense
THE APPEAL agrees with every
word that Mr. Thomas has written.
The Y. M. C. A., social settlements,
"Community service," and all similar
schemes are efforts at segregation,
pure and simple. Their purpose is to
bar the colored people from quasi-pub
lic institutions, to which all other peo
ple are admitted without question.
When the "colored" Y. M. C. A, was
opened in Chicago, THE APPEAL pre
dicted editorially that it would prove
a curse,, by reason of creating greater
prejudice and the prediction has been
more than verified. It will take a thou
sand years to undo the wrong it has
done. Possibly ten thousand years
may not right the wrongs done by the
establishment of jimcrow Christian
associations in the United States.
The man who has given so much
money to divide American Christians
along the color line is a Jew. How
could it be possible for a Jew to be in
terested in the spread of Christianity?
The idea is ridiculous. The shrewd
Jew knew that by catering to the blind
prejudice of the so-called white Christ
ians would bring in dollars. He also
knew that jimcrow "negroes" would
laud him for his "philanthropy" and
start a lot of colored men's white sil
ver dollars rolling his way. It was a
plain Jewish business proposition.
Cupidity not humanity caused him to
spend his money for his pet charity."
And it has paid. For every dollar he
has put in he has taken out two.
The colored man must fight to a fin
ish any attempt to bar him from any
public or semi-public institution.
THE COLORED DIVISION
(APPEAL Editorial Sept. 3, 1921.)
THE APPEAL is sorry to note that
the color line has been drawurin the
new Veterans' Bureau by the organ
ization of a "Colored Division" and
the appointment of Dr. J. R. A. Cross
land as its head.
Grassland lost a son who fell "fight
ing for democracy" in France, and it
is a poor reward for the father to
be given a segregated bureau. It is
also said that he was an effective
speaker in the last campaign, in
which it was given out that the Re
publican party would abolish segre
gation in the departments at Wash
ington. If these things are true
Crossland deserves better treatment
at the hands of the victors, and he
also should have refused the appoint
ment as undemocratic and demanded
the same treatment as is given to
other groups of American citizens.
One Lasker, a Jew, was made head
of the U. S. Shipping Board. Repre
sentatives of other racial groups have
been given places, but not in segre
gated bureaus. No President of the
United States would dare offer a Jew
a place as the head of a segregated
Jewish bureau. There is no such
place and never will be. Only color
ed people are, segregated by this al
Some people may think that the
"speeiaP appointments which have
been handed oat by the present Re
publican administration are forward
movements, bat they are really nails
in the coffin of democracy and are
dangerous to the social and political
status of the colored people.
The Administration ought to4
STEPPING OVER THE LINE.
The recent revelation of the census
that the increase of 6.5- per cent in
the "negro" population of the coun
try during the last decade was the
lowest on record has been accounted
for in many ways, but there ife still
There are a lot of inaccuracies in
all United States Census reports.
The enumeration of the "negro" pop
ulation is based on a false premise,
and it follows that the figures are
The mixing of the races has been
going on for 300 years and still con
tinues in spite of law and public
opinion. In many cases it is impos
sible to decide who is "white" and
who is "colored" in the U. S., and
why is it necessary?
There are millions of so-caWed
"white" people in whose veins runs
Afnc's warm blood, and yet they are
unaware of its presence. The editor
is personally acquainted with hun
dreds who are known as "white,"
but who have a percentage of Negro
blood in their veins, and whose chil
dren have not the remotest idea that
they are "colored." And if the edi
tor knows so many there must be
many known to others, but unknown
to the writer.
During the last decade, because of
the increase in race prejudice, thou
sands of "colored" people who would
really have preferred to have been
"colored" if they could have enjoyed
the rights of American citizenship
and economic opportunity have sim
ply stepped over the color line and
become "white." This is not so dif
ficult. Every "colored" person is
aware of this fact, and if any
"white" reader doubts it, just ask
any "colored" person if the state
ment is true.
Recently the (editor met a man
once "colored" who is now "white,**"
and in conversation, he said: "I
realized that there was no hope of a
future for any children in Alabama,
not only because of the attitude of
the white people but because Negroes
were preaching that we ought not to
try to vote or do anything else that
the white people objected to. So I
withdrew the money I had in the
bank, disposed of my interests and
cut loose from the jim-crow crowd
who were willing to endure condi
tions in Alabama without protest
and I am now living in Iowa as a
man, in all that word implies. Eight
other members of my family and
twenty other families from my
neighborhood have done [ias I have
done and have settled the problem
so far as they themselves are con
cerned, and we have not forgotten
our brethren we left behind as we
all give about a tenth of our incomes
to aid them in various ways."
The "white" people who imagine
that they have succeeded in barring
all persons with Negro blood are
greatly mistaken. There are few
communities in the United States in
which there are not people of mixed
blood taking part in all industrial,
professional, civic and social activi
The census plan of designating all
persons with even the smallest per
centage of Negro blood as "negroes"
is basically wrong and is done in no
other country. Really segregation is
just as much out of place in the
census as it is in anything else in a
democracy. All persons born in the
United States, no matter what their
race or color, should be classed as
For many yearn It has been the
custom to treat colored people as
aliens, although they are more than
ninety-nine per cent of Amerioan
birth and there Is a growing ten
dency among the colored people to
regard themselves as aliens. This la
being encouraged by a class of lead
ers who call themselves "Negroes"
and yell about "Negro Kultnr" al
though they have not more than half
and often less than one-eighth of
Negro blood. Such men ought to
top the "Negro" propaganda and be
Americans and demand justice be
cause they are Americans and not bv
the false assertion that they are
They should not have any rights as
"Negroes" tout every right of an
American citizen should be and will
be accorded them, If they fight for
their rights as American cltlsens by
right of birth.
ALL HAIL, "THE HAMMER!"
For many years we have heard a lot
about throwing the "hamme*" into the
discard and giving time to "construc
tive work." Many have said: Build
up never tear down.
But knocking and tearing down are
just as necessary in the economy of
things, as building up. Battering
down Wrong is a useful process and
must usually precede the building up
"Foul as it is, hell itself is defiled
by the fouler presence of John." That
was the terrible verdict of the con
temporaries of King John of England.
In his person were combined insol-
out these "special" jobs, eliminate ty, shamelessness and tyranny. The
segregation which was promised in barons rose against him and demanded
the campaign, and if colored men are
to have appoinotments let them be
on a level with those given to other
groups of American citizens.
Better no places at all than those
which lower the' status of the race
and automatically make their holders
defenders of segregation.
a change A. D. 1215, they invited the
King to a little meeting at Runny
mede and they informed the absolute
monarch that there must be some ma
terial modifications in the autocratic
power of the King. John did not relish
the demand but he realized that he
stood alone and that the barons had
their little "hammers" up their sleeves
and were ready to use them, so he
granted the Magna Charta. The Great
Charter was discussed, agreed to, and
signed in a single day. Thus modern
democracy and liberty had their origin
in "hammer" work.
In the sixteenth century the Cath
olic Church had grown corrupt. The
priests were guilty of immorality, ex
tortion and all the other crimes in the
decalogue. The Inquisition was work
ing overtime. When conditions were
at their worst, Martin Luther appeared
on the scene armed with a "hammer,"
and he battered down the Devil so
braced Christianity and this in the
strongly entrenched in the church
Thus began the Reformation which
separated the Protestant church from
the Romish See, and conferred in
estimable benefits on mankind.
For many years the American col
onies had been opprossed by England,
the mother country. The colonies
protested against taxation without
representation. Mother England re
fused to heed the cries of her children,
so in 1775, the colonists revolted, the
first blood shed being that of Crispus
Attucks, a mulatto, whose valor the
Commonwealth of Massachusetts has
commemorated in enduring granite
and bronze on Boston Common. The
continued "hammering" of the colon
ists finally brought the liberty which
was proclaimed, July 4, 1776.
In the seventeenth century, African
slavery was inaugurated in America.
William Wilberforce and others "ham
mered" at the vile wrong in England.
The agitation was continued until the
year 1834 saw the abolition of slavery
in all British colonies.
Bond-service had a strong hold in
the United States, but the abolition
ists had already unsheathed their
"hammers." William Lloyd Garrison,
Frederick Douglass, Wendell Phillips,
Harriet Beecher Stowe, Charles Sum
ner and hundreds of others "hammer
ed" the great evil until the slave hold
ers' rebellion came, when "hammers"
were exchanged for guns, and with
the assistance of nearly 200,000 former
slaves, who fought nobly, the great
blot was wiped from the escutcheon.
The work of the hammer is not yet
complete Thousands of social wrongs
still exist which must be hammered
until they disappear.
Thousands of men, such as women
slavers, jimcrowists and their ilk, men
who would barter their birthrights,
must be hammered until they beg for
mercy and reform or are knocked into
Great is the hammer! Long may it
exist to knock down the Wrong to
build up Right.
PROTEST AGAINST INJUSTICE.
We trust that our editorial friends
will print strong editorials and write
letters to the Secretary of War pro
testing against the color line in the
army, and advise the writing of let
ters of protest to every cabinet mem
ber portesting the color line in the
various departments. And ask the
President to abolish segregation where
it can be done by executive order.
Let us stand toegther for the abso
lute abolition of the color line in
DEATH OF ABDUL BAHA.
A cable from Haifa Syria, an-,
nounced the death in that city of
Abdul Baha Abbas, one of the great
est men of the day and the leader of
the Bahaist movement.
Abdul Baha, "servant of God,"
traveled through the United States in
1912 and visited St. Paul among other
places. He was the guest of the large
congregation of Bahaists in Chicago
the latter part of April and early in
May in 1912 and on May 1, he dedi
cated the site at the Sheridan road
bridge in Wilmette, a suburb of Chi
cago, where the Bahaists are now
building a temple costing several mil
lions of dollars, to be the world cen
ter of Bahaism.
Abdul Baha was born in Teheran,
Persia. He was the successor of the
Bab, "gateway of knowledge," who
began about 1844 proclaiming
throughout Islam the coming of a
messenger of God and made much
headway until executed at.the age of
31. The noble father of Abdul Baha
was Mirza Hossein Ali of Nour, a
disciple of the Bab.
Father and son were banished in
1868 to Akka, a prison city in Syria.
Forty years later the Young Turks
overthrew the despotic regime in Con
stantinople, and Abdul Baha was
The death of Abdul Baha will be
mourned by millions of his co-re
ligionists all over the world and it is
now claimed that there is at least
5O,000,0lD0 of them, who practice as
well as preach that "of one blood God
made all nations."
There are many thousands of col
ored people in the United States who
have left orthodox Christianity and
have become Bahaists because of hy
procrisy of the so-called Christians on
the color question.
Bahaism is a social reform. It
aims at the freeing of mankind from
religious, social and political yokes.
Among the things for which it stands
are: Universal religion, universal
language, a parliament of men with
representatives from all countries for
AND YOU WILL BE REWARDED
WHEN YOU'RE CALLED TO PAY
2.40 PER YEAR
the settlement of international dis
putes, universal education, a perfect
(civilization founded on simplicity and
co-operation, and emphasis on the
spiritual things of life.
In this world movement which
i found adherents of almost every re-
ligionIslam, Buddhism, Hinduism,
Zoroastrianism, Confucianism, Juda
ism and Christianity. Almost every
race and country of the globe con
tributes adherents to the organization
for international brotherhood.
People came to the city of Acca
from all parts of the world to see and
talk with Abdul Baha Abbas. His
home was a regular Babel. Within
it gathered peoples of all races and
creeds. A CURSE, NOT A BENEFACTION.
The recent offer of Julius Rosen
wald, a wealthy Jew of Chicago, to
give money to aid in the organization
of segregated Young Men's Christian
Associations will not in the end
be a benefit to the colored people.
If he had confined his offer to the
Southern States the harm would not
have been so great, but to include the
whole country, he is doing a great
wrong, from which it will take hun
dreds of years for the country to re
cover. He wrongs not only the col
ored people but he wrongs the whole
people by catering to an un-Christian
It is surprising that a man of Jew
ish ancestry whose people have been
for thousands of years and are even
now the victims of race hatred would
do anything to increase the race hat
red between white and colored Chris
tions of the United States, for there
is no questioning the fact that such
establishments have served to increase
the prejudice of the white people
against their colored brothers, as the
establishment of any kind of segre
gated semi public place will do.
If Mr. Rosenwald had told the Cen
tral Y. M. C. A.'s in the North that
he would give money only on condi
tion that these quasi-public institutions
be open to colored men as freely as
they are to those of other races, even
the scum of the earth he would have
been a true benefactor.
"GENTLEMEN OF THE MINIMUM."
In 1917 during the world war, a num
ber of colored men were called to
meet at Washington, at the sugges
tion of Secretary of War Baker, and
they were asked what they wanted.
The colored men drew up resolutions
stating that they really wanted noth
ing, that's what they said amounted to.
THE APPEAL, the Boston Guardian
and a few other papers, under the
head of "Gentlemen of the Minimum"
criticised their action and stated that
that was the proper time to demand
the abolition of Jimcrowism in the
army and if it was not done at that
time, the future would show that a
great mistake had been made.
Time has proved the truth of the
contentions of THE APPEAL and the
other papers. Jimcrow lines were
rigidly drawn even on the battlefields,
the American colored soldiers were
shamefully treated, but they fought on
and many thousands gave their pre
cious lives to "make the world safe
Now by a strained interpretation
of the new army bill Secretary Baker
practically excludes colored men from
entering the federalized national
guard. Instead of free men they are
to go in as pariahs in "pioneer" seg
"The gentlemen of the minimum"
ought to hang their heads in shame.
IT MUST NOT BE
The proposition to establish a play
ground for COLORED children St.
Paul is un-American and THE AP
PEAL is opposed to it.
One of the strange phases of jim
crowism in these days in the fact that
nine-tenths of the plans to degrade
the colored people into a pariah class
are conceived in the brains of people
who call themselves Christians. In
the majority of cases when the col
ored man is kicked down it is done
"for his benefit" and "in the name of
No doubt some of the promoters
believe that they are doing a great
thing for the colored people of Saint
Paul but they are mistaken.
No greater evil could come to Saint
Paul, to the white people as well as
the colored people, than the attempt
to segregate one group of citizens.
It is a thing which will serve to in
flame the fires of race prejudice.
It is inconceivable that any col
ored people could so belittle them
selves as to be parties to so infam
ous a scheme and it is infamous
whether it is so intended or not. We
are glad to know that the superin
tendent of playgrounds opposes the
The decent self-respecting people
of Saint Paul must fight the nefari
ous scheme to a finish. If you are a
good American you should oppose it,
IT MUST NOT BE!
BEAUTIFUL BLUE BUNK.
Beautiful blue posters all over the
"JOIN THE NAVY
For honorable service, travel, sure
pay, trade instruction, excellent pro
motion" and so on ad infinitibunktum.
One-eighth of the citizens of the
United States are barred from general
service In the Navy. When a citizen
of dark complexion tries to enlist he
is told that he can only enter as a
Thus the United States government
lies and insults a group of its patriotic
citizens. Isn't it enough to give one