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AN AMERICAN NEWSPAPER
J. .ADAMS, EOnOR AND PUBLISHER
8T. PAUL OFFICE
No. 301-2 Court Block, 24 E. 4th at
Q. ADAMS, Manager.
HONE: N. W. CEDAR 5f4t.
No. 2812 Tenth Avenue South
J. W. SBIXBRS. Manager.
tCatereri at the Powtoffice In St. Paul,
^flnnenota. a aeeond-elaaa mall
matter, Jane A. 1885, nnder
Aet af Canareaa.
War#h 3. 1879.
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SATURDAY, OCTOBER 21, 1922.
HOW TO ESCAPE FROM EVIL:
Because thou hast made the Lord,
which is my refuge, even the Most
High, thv habitation there shall no
evil befall thee, neither* shall any
plague come nigh thy dwelling. For
he shall give his angels charge over
thee, to keen thee in all thy ways.
The proposed $5,000,000 school
bond issue fcr the relief of present
school needs holds first place in the
attention cf St. Paul voters these
Ever since th? city council unani
mously passed the school bond issue
ordinance, the needs of our schools
have been emphasized in the press
cf the city, arid to judge from the
unusual interest manifested in dis
trict meetings cf the past ten days,
it would seem that St. Paul citizens
generally aie alive to the seriousness
of the situation that today con
fronts our schools.
It has been frequently explained
that the proposed school bond issue
is an "emergency" ordinance that
it is calculated to take care of im
mediate pressing needs.
The Department of Education has
for the past eighteen months en-,
raged in a thorough-going school'
survey to determine accurately the
exact needs of our schools.
Back in 1917, it will be remem
bered, the city council authorized a
similar school survey to be made by
an outside commission. This com
mission began its work and after a
thorough study of the school situa
tion, made its report back to the de
partment of education and to the
This school, survey 'commission,
headed by Dr. Lotus Coffman, now
president of the University of Min
nesota and collaborated in by Dr. C.
A. Prosser, head of the Dunwoodie
Institute and Dr. Thomas Strayer,
Columbia University, brought the
school study up to the date of- the
But the Department of Education
has carried on this work up to the
present time. Briefly stated, the
department's findings .at this time
1,893 school children are. allowed
to attend only half day sessions for
lack of accommodations that would
permit them to attend school on a.
%f.^ full day session bases g^^^g
|t,i. 2,691 children are now. attending
schcol in buildings that in 1917 were
declared "utterly Unfit for school'
purposes" by the school survey com-1
mission above referred to
1,960 children are forced to attend
their classes in make-shift portable
2.906 children are being housed" in
such auxiliary rooms as basement
storerooms, rocms in corridors and
halls, in gymnasiums, auditoriums
and even in swimming pool rooms
1.505 school children are being
housed in buildings that the depart
ment of education is forced to rent
from outside agencies
9 025 school children are in rooms
whose total attendance is more than
40 per room in- the elementary
schools! (One teacher, according to
best educational authorities cannot
do justice to pupils if more than 40
pupils attend the same class. In
some instances there are as high as
70 children under one teacher in one
classroom in SL Paul today.)
5,263 high school students are in
buildings erected to take care of
If St. Paul citizens have aroused
themselves, over present school con
ditions, it will readily be seen that
there is a good cause for their
aroused interest. Present school
conditions, to quote Mayor Arthur E.
Nelson who has vitally interested
himself in our schools since taking
office, "are simply impossible and
Last Tuesday evening, the All St.be
Paul Council, together with the
mayor's advisory board met at
council chambers to form the All St.ticularly
'Paul Committee for Better Schools.
This citizens' organization is repre
sentative of every civic, commercial,
social and neighborhood organization
of the city.
Our own district has a large rep
resentation on this committee.
The sole purpose of this organiza
tion is to further the campaign that
has been begun' to obtain the pas
sage of the $5,000,000 school bond
issue on November 7.
Perhaps the outstanding feature
of the school bond issue ordinance is
absolute guarantee it makes of
the expenditure of the money in
various schcol districts WHERE
THE SCHOOL SURVEY SHOWS
THE MONEY IS MOST NEEDED
This ordinance allots specific
amounts to the different school dis
tricts. It simply means that the
voters will not be asked to vote
blindly on a proposition. Every sec
tion cf the city will be benefited un
der the bond issue plan.
For purposes of a well thought
out plan of operation, the entire city
has been districted into eleven school
One of the first moves of the All
St. Paul Committee for Better
Schools, was to authorize the publi
cation of individual pamphlets show
ing just what is to be done in each
?f these districts. These pamphlets
will be distributed throughout the
city within the week.
It is a very significant fact that
the proposed school bond issue is re
ceiving the unqualified indorsement
of every organization in the city.
Speakers are presenting the propo
sition to the voters, laying the facts
before them, and these voters are
Mayor Nelson struck the keynote
pledging their support of the pro
when he declared that "once the
facts are known, there can be no
doubt that St. Paul citizens will sup
port this program for better
schocls." A part of the city press
has commented on the mayor's state
ment pointedly. This comment is re
"The clearest and- most concise
statement of the situation we have
vet heard has been made by Mayor
Nelson, and we commend his words
to everv man and weman in St. Paul:
"THIS BOND "ISSUE CONTEM
PLATES AN IMMEDIATE SCHOOL
BUILDING PROGRAM. WE CAN
NOT,, WAIT UNTIL FIVE YEARS
FROM NOW. THE NEED IS
HERE. IT IS AT HAND AND IT
IS DANGEROUSLY ACUTE. I
URGE EVERY FRIEND OF OUR
SCHOOLS AND OF OUR SCHOOL
CHILDREN TO STUDY THE
FACTS OF THE CASE. ONCE
THE FACTS ARE KNOWN, I AM
CERTAIN THIS BOND ISSUE
WILL RECEIVE THE UNITED
SUPPORT OF EVERY CITIZEN
IN ST. PAUL."
Next week's issue of this paper
will carry a detailed statement of
the improvements contemplated for
our district. It will also explain the
exact financial side of this proposed
school bond issue.
The Boston Guardian edited by'Wil
liam Monroe Tratter, is the paper
which stands first and foremost in
the battle against ftmcrowism. The
following editorial from a recent issue
The reason that a preparatory Y.
M. c. A. or civic centre is a step
backward is that in the North it
means nothing less than an invita
tion to white men conducting, places
for public patronage or recreation,
to refuse, deny or segregate all col
ored patronage and point to such an
institution, as a just reason for sogirl
doing, and soon the idea as well as
the practice of setting colored Ameri
cans, off by themselves in all places
for public acommodation will spread
until, tsto many cities throughout
the North will be found segregating
or denial in theatres, restaurants
and such places, until it reaches the
Ever attempt to help in any war
as a race, in this country, for whom
must be maintained separate places
of public acommodation, must be
the singling out of colored Americans
defiantly fought, not even lending ear
to the argument so common in cities
of the middle West that such sep
arate institutions furnishes "jobs"
for our men and women.
The colored people can not sell their
citizenship rights in education and
with the proceeds, pay the salaries
of a few persons who may get em
ployment in such jim crow insti
ON DYER BILL
White House Press Announcement so
StatesRep. Tinkham and Senator,
Lodge Wrote President in Support
of League PetitionLeague Urges
Race to Continue Signatures So-As'
to Get President to Name Dyer Bill
Washington, Oct. 12, 1922.Con-
gress is to be convened in. extraor
dinarysession- on November ~-v
Ku Klux paraders will have to
show their faces in Oakland, Cal., or
go to jail, by the terms of an ordi
nance passed bv the city council, at
the instance of the Northern Cali
fornia Branch of the National Asso
ciation for the Advancement of Col
ored People, and its president, John
The ordinance, which becomes ef
fective at once, provides:
Section 1. It shall be unlawful for
any person in the city of Oakland
to appear in public in any mask, cap,
cowl, hose, or other thing concealing
the identity of the wearer, provided,
however that the provisions of this
ordinance shall not apply to persons
attending or taking nart in carnivals
conducted in accordance with the pro
visions cf the ordinances of the city
of Oakland or under permission of
the proper authorities of said city
nor to any person holding a written
permit issued by the chief of poliee.
Section 2. Anv -oerson violating
the provisions cf this ordinance shall
be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor
and upon conviction thereof shall be
ounished bv a fine not exceeding five
hundred^ dollars ($500.00) or by imhave
prisonment in city prison for a pe
riod not exceeding six (6) months or
by both such fine arid imprisonment.
Warns Ku Klux Klan
Milwaukee will become the "hot
test place on earth for the Ku Klux
Klan if any klansman attack one of
our citizensblack or white red or
yellow, Jew or Gentile, Catholic or
Protestant," said Mayor Hoan, in a
letter today to C. Lewis Fowler, a
member of the faculty of the Klan's
Lanier University at Atlanta, in retionality
ply to a letter protesting the organ
ization had been misrepresented and
offering to aid the mavor in main
tenance of law and order in Milwau
kee. The mayor's letter said no klan
meeting would be oermitted in theple
Buffalo Branch N. A. A. G. P.
port. Th brancBuffalodbranch's calle the atten
tion of the district attorney'throug office
President Harding will issue the call
immediately after election. He
means to drive the shin subsidy bill
through and while the House is
wrestling with that the Senate will
expected to put the anti-lynching
"The calling up of the latter meas
comes as a complete and not par
pleasant surprise to the
average legislator, who* is as skittish
about this as about the shin subsidy,
but for the sake of .the colored vote
in Ohio and other Northern states
certain pledges were made and it is
the intention to redeem thsse as soon
This welcome White House state
ment comes while the National Equal
Rights League is in the third week
of effort in petitioning President
Harding to call a special session and
to name the Dyer anti-lynching bill
in the call. The League operating
from its headquarters in Boston, first
telegraphed a reauest to the Presi
dent direct. The President's secre
tary wrote back to Rev. M. A. N.
Shaw, the president, October 1. that
special session was not likelv but
in case of one the matter would be
nut before the President. Meantime
Representative Tinkham of Boston
had written the .President at the
League's request, on October 3, the
League had an audience with Senator
Lodge in Boston, as a result of which
he wrote President Harding that
night. Then came the press report
printed as above in several papers
including the Boston Globe.
The League wired Senator Lodge to
press the President to name the
bill in the ca1!.
I urges the rac
keep on signing its petition, also to
ask senators and congressmen to
write to the President and to ask
+heir senators to press the bill
through before the regular session.
The Boston branch is arranging a
meetine to thank Senator Lodge for
s'inoorting its petition, at which he
will be asked to speak.
BAN ON KU KLUX
MASKS IN OAKLAND
Sends White Rapists to^Jail "6"to 20
A white rapist, found guilty of at
tack upon a nine-year-old colored
of Buffalo, has gone to jail for
from 6 to 20 years, due to the efforts
of the Buffalo Branch of-the National ~ov ui
Association for the Advancement of, troubl
me white man, Morns Deitch, country where there is any trouble
was convicted of rape.. An appear between races of different colors,
for a new trial for him was denied,! doubtless is due to a lack, of mutual
according to the r
imta sentence was imposed. &> jation between men and nations come
PETITION TO PRESIDENT HARDING ON
SIGN, G^T OTHERS TO SIGN. ATTACH SHEETS AND USE
IN CHURCHES, LODGES, ETC. SEND IN
QUICKL TO BOSTON.
We, the undersigned, hereby earnestly petition the Presi-
dent of the U. S. A., Warren G. Harding, through the medium of
the National Equal Rights League, to call the contemplated special
session of Congress and in said call to specify-the Dyer Anti-
Lynching bill as a measure for consideration thereat, thereby
averting the loss of all the great progress made on this vital
measure and the consequent delay and danger thereto, which
constitute a real menace, if not calamity, to the Republic. Sent
from National Headquarters, 34 Cornhill, Boston, Massachusetts,
Rev. M. A. N. Shaw, President Wm. Munroe Trotter, Correspond-
Copy of telegram sent to the then President Woodrow Wilson, on
the eye of his departure for Europe to attend the meeting of the League
of Nations, by the late John Q. Adams, then editor of THE APPEAL
END AUTOCRACY OF COLOR
Asks Editor of THE APPEAL in an Appeal Wired to
President Wilson on the Eve of His.
Departure for Peace Table.
Colo Line Greater Menac to World
Hun MilitarismeJustPermanent Overthrown.
Asks President to Aid the Oppressed of All Nations.
Races, Colors, Creeds and Sex in Realizing
Liberty, Fraternity and Equality.
Saidt Paul, Minn., Dec. 2, 1918.
To tne President,
Washington, D. C:
Now that the world war is over and
military autocracy has been doomed,
I appeal to you as the representative
of the United States at the Peace
Table, to demand the abolition of that
greater menace to the peace of the
world, THE AUTOCRACY OF COLOR.
Through the centuries the colored
races of the globe have been subjected
to.the most unjust and inhuman treat
ment by the so-called white peoples.
Every atrocity which the Huns have
inflicted on the helpless white peoples
of the world during the four years of
war now ending, has been suffered by
the colored peoples of the world for
more than four hundred years.
In the recent war the colored races
furnished as many men as the"--
white races have supplied, if the labor
and fighting units are both counted,
and now that victory has been won,
it is but just that the colorv line which
has hampered the progress of the col
ored peoples, should be abolished at
once. Not only that, but the op
pressed of the white race should be
delivered from oppression.
Mr. President, I shall endeavor to
outline a program which should meet
the approval of every believer in world
l! Home rule for Ireland.
2. Home rule for India.
5. Home rule for all colonies which
4. Self-determination for the people
of all countries, in which the people
Be a Good Mixer.
(From the Boston Guardian.)
TOO MUCH STRESS cannot be
laid on the importance'of colored men
and women everywhere rubbing el
bows with men and women of other
races and colors. In this way alone
have vre any chance of understand
ing other people and having other
people understand us.' Most of theexcuse
key, or the Balkan States.
6. The abrogation of the "White
Australia" legislation and the ac
knowledgment of the right of all peo
ples to acquire citizenship.
7. The.repeal by the United States
of all anti-oriental immigration laws
and the acknowledgment of the right
of Japanese and Chinese and Malays
to become citizens.
8. The repeal of all United States
laws classing certain Indians as non
citizens, all people of American Indian
blood to be immediately recognized as
9. The repeal of all laws of, the
United States, or of any state, iu which
the words colored, African, Afro-Amer
ican, Negro, Mulatto, Indian, Japanese^
or Chinese are used for the"pu^rposTto I
or creed, and the immediate abroga-!
tio of-any color line restrictions en
forced without warrant of law.
of one race, or na*
and yet and
pressed by a few of a different race or
5.' The former German colonies to
become republics under the protection
of the League of Nations. These peo
are as capable of self-government
as the people of Russia, Germany, Tur-
the white and black
or any 'othe
uvu* understanding. And where such es
sential is lackntg misunderstanding
is the inevitable* consequence. Gen-
followed it uin sympathy and friendly co-dper
nations comprising the
^v. x uauuiw comprising tn no ^c
League ef Nations to" be forbidden to ^PPOAentOctober of the12,.states Dyer billthat
enact any legislation which in any way
discriminates against the people of the
Caucasian, Mongolian, African, Indian,:
on country to
and Malay races, or against any na- Subsidy bill, for consideration of
tionality, religious creed or sex which the
ll. The free immigration of the peo
membership the i
League to be -neither denied nor I
abridged on account of race, national-,
in liGvtuc an actual earuiiy
of the of God
and the of Man
Trusting Mr. President, that you will
as the representative of our great re
public, advocate the principles I have
enumerated, I am,
Very truly yours,
JOHN Q. ADAMS,
Editor The Appeal.
only from contact. Our best friends
are those who know more about us
and our bitterest antagonists ,are
those who know less about us.
Here in Boston all men of all races
may meet together in all public
places and if the opportunity for mu
tual understanding thus given is
used for all it is worth there is no
diffS.nr,.bl00 different laces of men and He in- -tor of the.Thnei and told hhnof the
tended that they should all dwell to- women's, movement. The W
getnerm peace and harmony: .This editorial'says of the anti-lvncMnl
is as it should be and as it will be crusaders: It is hopeful^E'
some sweet day. Therefor*, it be-'that, in then organisation of^
hooves us all to take advanage of million womento sSJMESBS ll
every given opportunity to know our the United States XSTL*
ue^bors better: Join in with the every BS^SP^ST^ tatog
^crowds. Be a good mixer. part."
Prepared by J. Q. Adams, 24. E.
Prepared bv and for# James H.
Burns, 2050 Grand Ave., St. Paul, for
which $1.00 per inch is to be paid.
JAMES H. BURNS
He needs no introduction to the
readers of THE APPEAL. Ask any
okUtimer among the colored men.
Dyer Bill Will Then Be Passed. New
York World, Foe of Measure, Justi
fies. Claims of N. A. A. C. P.New
York Times, Democratic Organ, Edi
torially Urges Action'.
Congress will probably be con
vened in extraordinary session -on
November 20, at which time pas
sagepredicte of the Dyer anti-lynchin,g bill
making discriminations against the World's Washington
people of any race, nationality, class
by the New Yor
din an announcemen
Nationato Associatio Ad
vancement of Colored People, 70 5th
avenue, New York.
The World has been a consistent
but its while
Washingtonis correspondent,theunderhwit dat
House wrestling Shi
session willl beepri--
th Senat wil ex
puw th anti-lynchin bill
ity, class, color, creed,.or sex .$* hecomes necessary for the Re-
The adoption the_ fore*,.,*,* $?$?,& StSSS
in the Constitution of the League of
Nations would not only mean freedom,
equality and democracy for all man
kind but would be an actual earthly
be brought to a vote early in the
next session. With this promise they
hope to hold the colored voters in
line until after November 7.
"It is said that with the influence
ofvthe Prescient, the bill will receive
the requisite number of votes."
At the same time, the chief Demo
cratic organ in New York city, the
New York Times, on October 13,
spoke of the anti-lynching bill as
"Next December, the matter will
normally come up as unfinished busi
ness. It is possible that then it may
be considered as one not of party in
terest but of national concern. By
a patriotic agreement some act* may
be passed to put the stamp of fed
eral disapproval upon a form of law
lessnes brings the whole na
tion int disrepute."
The editorial of the New York
Times was arranged through the
SESfSffid 5oh the*a
for ugly racd friction so com- anti-lynching crusaders, whose New
mon in other parts of the'country.'York representativeT Mrs iSZZL
Fourth street, St Paul, in behalf of
the candidate here named, for which
$1.00 per inch is to be paid. 1 i
A /^aaHII^^HHB^ ^M
JOHN W. BOERNER
Prepared by J. Q. Adams, 24 E.
Fourth street, St. Paul, in behalf of
the candidate here named, for which
$1.00 per inch is to be paid.
John J. KcDonough
Prepared by J. Q. Adams, 24 E.
4th St., for John W. Wagener, Court
Hcuse, St. Paul, for which $1.00 per
inch is to be paid.
The readers of THE APPEAL will
find it much to their advantage to
patronize the advertisers who place
their advertisements in it, thus show
ing that they particularly desire your
patronage. Tell them you saw their
ads In THSS APPEAL and that will
heln yon and us, too^sg^ :i,
J\ 1" i