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nN AMERICAN NEWSPAfER
J. .ADAMS. BDITOR AND PUBUSHEt
8T. PAUL OFFICE
No. 301-2 Court Block, 24 E. **h it
g. ADAMS. Mnagw.
PHONE: N. W. CEDAR 5*4.
Mo. 2812 Tenth Avenue South
"'Kterrri ml the PoNtoffice In 94. Paul.
Wlnnmnta. Necoad-claM wall
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At af Caaareaa,
March 3. 1ST#.
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SATURDAY, OCTOBER 28, 1922
HOW TO ESCAPE FROM EVIL:
Because thou hast made the Lord,
which is my refuge, even the Most
High, thy habitation there shall no
evil befall thee, neither shall any
plague come nigh thy dwelling. For
he shall give his angels charge over
thee, to keep thee in all thy ways.
A dcrk for every child in a sat
isfactory school building for a full
day session will ccst each St. Paul
citizen approximately one-third of a
cent per day.
This "cost" proposition is the ulti
mate thinej that St. Paul citizens will
determine for themselves when they
vote on the proposed $5,000,000
school bond issue November 7.
These are the two principal points
made in a statement by Mayor Nel
son, re'ative to the financial phases
of the proposed bond issue.
Mayor Nelson's statement has been
verlifieJ by the Bureau of Municipal
On'y the sinking fund charges will
be addad to the cost of government
under the per capita limitation,
Mayor Nelson points out. These
charges amount to only $90,000 a
ear for 30 years, during which the
$5 000,000 bond issue will run, hepresumably
On present valuation which ex
ceeds $150,000,000, the total amount
addfid to the tax rate will be only
57 cents a year, Mayor Nelson ex
"A $5,000 house is assessed at 40
per cent of its value," Mayor Nel
son says, "and therefore to arrive at
the increased tax, 4Q per cent of, the
$5,000 house value, or $2,000, must
be multiplied by the .57 mills. This
then gives an increased cost to the
taxpayer of $1.14 on a $5,000 house
or home and $2.28 on a $10,000
ho"sw or home.-
"This amount will naturally be de
creased as the assessed valuation of
the city increases and there is no
question in my mind but what the
erection of new school buiidings will
increase property values to such an
extent not only immediately around
the new buildings, but throughout
the city, that while'there appeals to
be a small added cost -to the. tax
payer, in reality this cost will be
i,^" i, more made up by the increased
proximately $212,000 a year, will be
virtually made up by decreases in
the annual budget through items
"hat will be eliminated when the
bond issue passes. The items in
clude improvements and equipment
schools'existing now,-but that will
not be necessary if the bond issue
nasses. These costs now come out
of the per capita limitation, but will
oome out of the $5,000,000 capital
fund if the bond issue passes.
Present fixed charges that will be
eliminated for the same reason, in
clude architect's fees, equipment and
remodeling of present schools, rental
fees of rented school quarters, and
repair charges on present build-
ings that will be abandoned when
the bond issue passes. These total
charges now coming out of the per
capita limitation will aggregate
"Interest charges on the bend is
sue will come out of the per capita
?ost of government." says Mayor
Nelson, "and with the savings to be
effected when the bond issue passes,
*t will readily be seen that the
tual added cost to the taxpayer will
'"e approximately 57 cents per thou
sand of assessed valuation-. The in-nee,
Teased value of real estate brought
*bout thrruerh the erection of the
new buildings will' further decrease
his amount so that the total in
creased cost will be almost negligi-
Mayor Nelson, as chairman of the
Board of County Commissioners, has
made a determined effort to reduce
taxation, particularly in the county.
Next year's county budget, which
already has been passed, calls for
$1,040,000 less than this year, St.
Paul, which pavs 97 per cent cf the
county taxes, will be saved more
$970,000 in taxes next year on
account, according to Mayor
Nelson. The saving amounts to
more than $6.00 per thousand valu
No State Tax
The state tax rate for next year
will be eliminated entirely. "With
these two material and important
tax reductions for next year, tax
payers can expect a very materially
reduced tax statement next year,"
Mayor Nelson says.
"For the small increased amount
of 57 cents per thousand of assessed
valuation,' the city will be able to
build an adequate school plant. Our
school buildings will be brought up
to a standard that has been estab
lished in other cities and the people
of St. Paul will be able to point with
the .same degree of pride to their
schools as do citizens of other com
"The small increase is never com
parable and hardly worthy of con
sideration in relation to the large
product that is contemplated."
In his talks about the city oh dif
ferent occasions,* Mayer Nelson has
stated that the total annual cost of
*he bond issue to the city will be
$300,000 a year, or $1.20 per capita.
or $2.00' per thousand of assessed
"While this in reality is actual
cost," Mayor Nelson says, "it must
be realized by the taxpayers that
the larger portion of this $300,000,
or more than $260,000, the amount
that goes to interest, is within the
$30 per capita limit, which would
be expended at all
"Therefore, the real additional cost
to the taxpayers per year would be
only $80,000 or 33 cents per capita,
amounting to ap
THE MAN WHO DARES
I honor the man who in the consci
entious discharge of his duty dares to
stand alone the world, with ignorant,
intolerant judgment, may condemn,
the countenances of relatives may be
averted, and the hearts of friends grow
cold, but the sense of duty done shall
be sweeter than the applause of the
world, the countenances of relatives or
the hearts of friends.Charles Sumner,
THE SIN OF SILENCE
To sin by silence when we should
protest makes cowards out of men.
Tho human race has climbed on pro
test. Had novoice been raised against
injustice, ignorance and lust, the in-
quisition yet would serve the law, and
guillotines decide our least disputes.
The few who dare must pa.k and
spaal^ again to right tho wrongs of
many.-Ella Wheelar Wilcox.
cr 57 cen+s per thousand of assessed
"Figured in the simplest possible
terms, even on a basis of $300 000 a
year, this program costs one-third of
one per cent per capita per day
This then, is the price of providing a
de*k for every child in a satisfac:
Lorv building for a full-day session.
This is the price St. Paul citizen?
are asked to pay that they may give
children one of the first things o*
their birthright a decent chance a'
a fair education."
OPPOSE REP. OPPO-
NENT OF DYER BILL
Delaware's sole congressman, C. R.
Layton, Republican, is threatened
with defeat by colored voters be
cause he opposed and voted against
the Dyer anti-lynching bill in the
House of representatives, according
to announcement today by the Na
tiona Association for the Advance
cf Colored People, 70 5th ave
nue, New York. Colored votes may
go instead to the Democratic nomi
former Judge William H. Boyce
At a mass meeting held in Wil
mington, Del., on Sunday, October
15, Jame3 Weldon Johnson, Secretary
of the N. A. A. C. P., said:
"Delaware's representation in con
gress voted one hundred per cenl
against the Dyer anti-lynching bill
when it was in the lower House, and
therefore, the colored voters of Del
aware ought to vote one hundred per
cent against that representation.
You have the political power, the
vote, and you ought to use it for
your highest and best good If theW
aver, was an opportunity for colored
voters to show that they fully ap
preciate the power which they have
in their hands, it is the opportunity
which the colored citizens of Dela
ware now have. Yen should do your
utmost to defeat Congressman Lay
ton. The issue upon which you stand
is not one of petty politics, but a
fundamental issue involving life,
common safety and the good name
of America. If you defeat Layton
you will show that you deserve the
ballot and that you have manhood
and common sense enough to use
Furthermore, you will achieve your
political emancipation in the state of
The Wilmington mass meeting was
held under the joint auspices of the
Anti-Lynching Crusaders, the Inde
pendent Citizens' League, and the
National Association for the Ad
vancement of Colored People.
Walter F. White, Assistant Secre
tary of the N. A. A. C. P., is to speak
on the same subject in Wilmington
a.t a mass meeting planned for Sun
day, October 29.
W. Wizbach of Texas Voted for
By an unfortunate error the name
of Harry M. Wurzbach, representa
tive from the 14th district in. Texas,
was omitted from the list of those
who voted for the Dyer anti-lynching
bill in the House of representatives.
Mr. Wurzbach was present in
House on January 26, 1922, and voted
for the Dyer anti-lynching bill, ac
cording to announcement today, by
the National Association for the Ad
vancement cf Colored People, 70
avenue, New York.
Senator Calder of New York Pledge*
Vote for Dyer Bill
Senator Calder of New York, au
thorizes announcement by the Na
tional Association for the' Advance
ment of Colored People that he will
work for and vote fcr the Dyer anti
lynching bill in the Senate, and pre
dicts early passage of the measure.
"I shall continue to work for it
and I am sure we shall pass it very
soon," said Senator Calder in a letter
recently received bv the Assistant
Secretary of the N. A. A. C. P.
How to MsJce and Use It
GOOD ADVICE FROM THE
The Reformatory Pillar, is a little
paper published in the prison at St.
Cloud, Minn., has many good things
.n it, from' time' to time, but one of
the best we have seen lately follows:
Lack of information regarding
matters that hav# no direct bearing
on a man's life is not ignorance,
neither is it a disgraceful circum
stance. Never be ashamed to admit
that you know nothing whatever
about the subject under discussion, if
you don't. Only a fool will laugh at
you and as snickering is a fool's nat
ural mode of expression, don't get
angry at himpity'him. If you are
in a mixed crowds and someone asks
you whether you know how certain
chinas are performed,, don't say "Cer
tainly," unless you do know. If you
don't know, .say "No, how is it done?"
and then listen cfcrefully to his ex
planation so thta you can say "Cer
tainly" next time.
You will get a much more liberal
education by keeping your ears open
than your mouth.. Very few of the
human encyclopedias ever get to the
top, or even near it in any trade or
profession. Usually they are third
or fourth-raters and their friends
understand why. They can't
understand why John is not a howl
ing success. They say "Why, there
is hardly a subject you can mention
but that John seems to know all
about it." That is just what is the
difficulty with John, he seems to
know all jKbout everything, but boiled
down to/ facts, he knows nothing
about anything. In his wild desire
to be considered well read, he crams
Ms head with a little of this and a
^ttle of thatjust"skims the surface
so that he really knows very little
of anything. Just enough to know
the name of a thing when it is men
He cheats himself of a real educa
tion on any one subject, because his
air of authority kills off general dis-
c"!sin among those who do know.
All he can say about most any sub
ject is what he has figured out for
Hmseif. because he has not taken the
time to study the matter, either from
books or from men of actual knowl
and experience. For instance,
he has never heard a mechanical en
gineer expound the whys and where
fores of a locomotive, probably has
never even heard an engine crew's
he has only the passenger's
an^le. Yet when railroads are men
tioned he claims to know just what
steam pressure a mogul engine can
stand, and makes an ass of himself
arguing about it when there are loco
motive firemen present.
The sorriest ,toob on earth is the
Tellow who wllr^ot admit honest
ignorance,^ Learn, by' varied opinions
all there is to know about a subject
you are interested in and flavor *the
who*e with your own ideas for an in
telligent discussion when it comes up
Never bluff about your knowledge.1
The weakest man in any organiza
tion, or any place in life is the bluffer.
If you don't know a^thine- confess it,
I and your associates will at least take
'notice of your honesty, your mental
integrity. The way to' avoid the tem
I Nation ^o Muff is to fill your whole
mind with the facts, figures and prob
I -ems of your life's work. Avoid! try
ing to be a jack-bf-all-trades. If you
[work in a bank, then think, eat and
-*.ream banking three hundred and
^ivty-five days in* the year. If you
are in a printing establishment, sat
^rate yourself with printer's ink
hventy-four hours a dav and seven
?avs a week. Never be afraid to ask
inecttion fronv anyone whofknows
A***At. strand or wires is of no advantage in re
ceiving, and still more remarkable. It
makes no difference whether the wire be
bare or insulated, for the C. W. used in
radio telephony penetrates solids of ev
ery kind. Indeed, a wire stretched around
a room or through a hallway indoors, or
even a metal bedstead or bed spring, may
serve as an aerial for receiving wireless
telephone messages, although far better
results are secured by properly installed
:V aerials out of doors. And here it may be
wise to impress ail users of receiving sets with the fact that the longer the
aerial and the higher above the ground the better will be the results obtained
although an aerial 150 feet long and well dbove other large buildings will serve
very purpose, ^oreover, it makes no difference whether the aerial is hori-
zontal, vertical %a an .angle, provided it is thoroughly insulated from all sur-
roundings, and ver good results have been obtained by aerials run vertically
up an air shaft or along the side of a building. So too, the lead-in, or wire
connecting the aeria with the receiving instrument, serves as an aerial itsejf
and therefore along lead-in with a short aerial will serve almost as well as a
long aerial'and short lead-in, which is a tremendous advantage to dwellers in
hotels, apartment houses, etc., where it is very difficult or impossible to install
a long and lofty aerial on the roof. But before going into details and describ-
ing the installation of aerials, let us consider the rest of the receiving equip-
ment and thoroughly understand its principles.
The detector, without which it would be impossible to register or detect
the minute currents of waves which pass through the aerial is a very important
part of the mechanism. There are two types of detectors in use, the first
known as the crystal detector and the other as the vacuum tube. In the for-
mer, a crystal of some mineralpreferably galewja^is used, while in the lat-
ter, a form of incandescent lamp with especially prepared filament is employed.
Of the two, the former is the cheaper and is used on most of the cheap, ready-
made sets, but it has limitations and is not nearly as satisfactory in many ways
as the vacuum tube, as will be explained later. The third unit or tuner is the
means by which the entire apparatus is made to pick up the sounds from some
station or elsewhere and by means of which other sounds are shut out, for
only by means of the tuner can the receiving set be placed in synchronism, or
"tune" with the waves carrying the sounds you wish to hear. The last unit or
receiver is merely a telephone receiver made for the purpose and which, on a
small set, Is worn over the ears exactly as in receiving wireless telegraph mes-
Figure 7 iiiusjtrates in diagrammatic form these units with their relative
positions in the set, but there are several good accessories which are essential
to good results.
about any phase your
Work. J.' r^
at Vina. wK
lVk cJil-oviitTy tom thingr and sav
he is handicapped a single-track.
Well," if thery is not enough
for more than one track.
that a single track.
T?ind is mind of a specialist and
\Prmerly rftfflated. A.one-track _.
of a specialist jstht niind
iC^r" -'M A '^I^iSKSJl^.'.'V.1
ormed deirV pretend ijoMje antr be
content to be expert on one subject.
By A. HYATT VERRIU.
^**i. the receiving set consists of the antenna or aerial, the
tuner, the detector and the receiver, but aside from the aerial, each part of
the instrument is made up of several other units and appliances, each devised
and used for a definite purpose.
The aerial, which is a wire designed to interrupt or catch a portion of
the continuous waves (always referred to in wireless telephone parlance as
C.eW.) consiststelegraphy, of a singlea wire, forr un-
wireless numbe of
RE- PAID ADVERTISEMENT
Prepared bv and for James H.
Burns, 2050 Grand Ave., St. Paul, for
which $1.00 per inch is to be paid.
JAMES H, BURNS
He heeds no Introduction to the
readers of THE APPEAL. Ask any
old-timer among the colored men.
JOHN I. LEVIN
He is a true friend of ALL the
people and is a candidate for re
election on his record. Why change?
v.*v **.r MVVJV.-.y WUCd W Uffie VIICe bUUIg
yw J^ar,^ jrreat amount of traffic if which they founded their success. compel them to come in
THE GREATESfT THING:
Some men are capable of making a
success of more than one thing at a
time, but where one such man makes
a remarkable success, a thousand
equally remarkable failures.
Study over the records of air the suc
cessful men you have ever heard of
and you will find that they all con
ffoed tlieir efforts,.diligently^ and, con- _e. nave quaaruprea
stantiy to the one thing, or to things the membership of my church in four
closelJ allieU to th on thing on years. Christ said: 'Go out and
PAI& ADVERTISEMENT IPourt
j-*.-.~i.-A u rx
Prepared by J. Q. Adams, 24 E.
Fourth street, St. Paul, in behalf of
the candidate here named, for which
S1.00 per inch is to be paid.
it, I unutmk nom
To informed on many subjects conclusion impressed upon me, that met bv the eollectinn bn* +hl !,0,o^,=^,
Hundreds of people can talk, for one
who can think but thousands can
think, for one who can see. To see
clearly is poetry, prophecy, and re
ligion, all in one.John Ruskin.
Kansas Rep. Convention
Endorses Dyer Bill
Twelfth Such Endorsement, Besides
Three From Democrats
The twelfth Republican state con
vention has put into its platform a
plank endorsing the Dyer anti-lynch
ing bill, according to announcement
today by the National Association
for the Advancement of Colored Peo
ple, 70 Fifth avenue, New York.
Ihis latest endorsement comes from
Kansas and is due to the efforts of
Jas. H. Guy, a member of the Exec
utive Committee of the Topeka
Branch, N A. A. C. P.
The states in which Republican
conventions have endorsed the Dyer
bill are: Colorado, Indiana, Ohio,
West Virginia, New Jersey, New
York, Massachusetts, Rhode Island,
California, Delaware, Missouri and
Kansas. In three of these states
New Jersey, New York and Massa
chusetts Democratic conventions
.have also endorsed the Dyer bill.
I The text of the Kansas state Re
publican plank on the Dver bill is
"We commend the Kansas delega
tion in the national congress for un
divided and untiring efforts in sup^
port of the Dyer anti-lynching bill
and recommend a continuation of
their efforts for its enactment into
Pastor Proves Value of Advertising.
It is no trouble at all for Rev.
Oliver Kene, pastor of the Methodist
i church of Kearney, Neb., to stand up
I and testify to the value df church ad
[vertismenis in newspapers. Re
cently he said: "By advertising in
th local papers I have quadrupled
compelling advening ine
fa half page ad in th
ther I inserted
Th expense was
hnd this home town papers. The expense was
Prepared by J. Q. Adams, 24 E. 111.00 per inch is to be paid.
JOHN XV. BOERNER
PAID ADVERTISEMENT PAID ADVERTISEMENT
candidate here named, for which8
Prepared by J. Q. Adams, 24 Er
Fourth street, St. Paul, in behalf of
the candidate here.named, for which
$1.00 per inch is to be paid.
John J. McDonough
Prepared by J. Q. Adams, 24 E.
4th St., for John W. Wagener, Court
Hcuse, St. Paul, for which $1.00 per
inch is to be paid.
Files Anti-Klan Bill
Bowim, Oct. 24.Mathew Bullock,
colored Republican candidate for the
Massachusett Hous of representa
House a bill
to prohibit the organ-