Newspaper Page Text
PARKER, BURGETT & HARDY, Pubs.
ST. PAUL, MINNESOTA.
NOTES OF THE TIMES.
DENNIS KEARNEY, who was never
known to do a square day's work in
his life, announces himself as the labor
candidate for Governor of California.
The "sand lots" will support him
because they are composed of men
who, like himself never do any work.
THE plumbers have been holding a
national convention at St. Louis. The
American people are to be commiser
ated. I was bad enough to have the
plumbers act singly, but when they
come to charge on the public in a body
it is eqnivalent to transfering the own
ership of the National banks.
DESPI TE conflicting reports there
seems to be no doubt that Emperor
William of Germany is in precarious
health and at the best cannot long
survive. His life may be prolonged
some months and possibly a year, but
it would not be surprising if it should
terminate quite suddenly. His advanc
ed age renders his continuande only a
question of a short time.
A NEWS item is going round to the
effect that there are 1200 post offlices
in Minnesota and 900 in Dakota. This
is sited as evidence of the growth of the
countn. This is all well as far as it
goes but more significant and impress
ive still is the thought that there are at
least an average of ten to one (12,000 in
Minn., and 9,000 in Dakota) struggling
with a desire to take charge of these
postoffices. It takes a good many peo
ple to do this.
Ex-U. S. MINISTER PHELPS died
it Lima, South America, before his suc
cessor --eached there. His death was
lue to climatic influences, The wife of
James Russell Lowell ex-minister to
England.died a short time before he was
relieved, from similar causes. These
examples, however, go unheeded and
patriots can be found ready to accept
any foreign position no matter how fatal
the climate may be.
RI EL seem& to have been so unwise
as to keep a diary in which he was con
fidential with himself and wrote down
a pretty full history of the "rise and
progress" of the Northwest rebellion
up to the time of his capture. It is not
always safe to tell all you know, even
to yonrself. The Dominion Govern
ment has secured this diary and it has
been sent to Regina where it is to be
used on the trial as the strongest wit-
WE BEATING has ceased to be popular
in Maryland. Within the past week two
white men have received twenty lashes
in Baltimore for wife beating. The
strokes were upon the bare back, with
a raw hide well laid on. Heretofore
flogging in that state has been confined
to colored men but the recent event is
a new era though the law has, for a
long time, been a dead letter on the
statute book. A man who whips a
woman deserves a dose of his own med
IT is reported that Comptroller
Cannon of Minnesota was a good deal
alarmed for his own official head
when Burchard, dfrector of the mint
was removed. They both held under
a special law which was supposed to
fix the term of office and make
removal impossible unless some offence
was committed. Cannon has the
advantage of being a personal friend
of Burchard's successor, and also a
protege of Senator Sabin of Minnesota
who secured him the place. As Sen
ator Sabin has a vote on confirmation
the administration is not likely to direct
ly antagonize him.
JOHN L. SULLIVAN, the muscular Bos-
tonian seems to be regarded as a priv
ileged character and goes about the
country getting drunk and raising cain
with impunity. He hag just been down
to Philadelphia on one of his usual
sprees and as usual terrorized the Qua
ker city without molestation. Now
that he has gone away the chief of po
lice has issued a formal proclamation
that if he comes again he will be treat
ed like any other white man who gets
drunk. This is very radical on the
part of Philadelphia but still it is an
example which it would not be a bad
idea for other municipalities to follow.
LO RD COLERIDGE of England is not
happy over the marriage of his daugh
ter which occuredlast week. His pro
spective son-in-law sued him for slan
der and secured the very peculiar ver
dict that when the marriage took place
Lord Coleridge should supply his daugh
ter with four thousand pounds ($20,000)
per year. Under sush circumstances
it cannot be considered surprising that
he declined to accept the invitation to
his daughter's wedding. He didn't
mind the loss of the girl so much, but
to be present and witness a compact
which was to cost him $20,000 a year was
more than he could bear. The mother
of the young lady is dead but the rel
atives on her mother's side were in her
favor, and they attended en masse and
'danced at the wedding'' quite literally.
HISTORY OF A WEEK.
Rebecca Samuels, 12 years old, has been
convicted at Barnesville, S. of the
murder of Lucy Graham, a six-weeks-old
infant she was nursing. She soaked the
child in a pot of concentrated lye. Thepersonal
only theory for the crime is that the
prisoner killed the child to escape the duty
of nursing it. This is the second crime of
the same kind she has committed within
two years. She appeared to be totally
unconscious of what was going on during
the trial, and twice went to sleep in the
dock, with her head resting on her hands.
The G. A. R., in session at Portland elect
ed Samuel S. Burdell of Washington com
mander in chief. Ex-Gov. Selden of Maine,
was chosen senior vice commander in
chief, and Comrade Lewis of Atlanta junor
vice commander. The candidates for com
mander and chief, other than the success
ful one were John W. Burst of 111. and
John A. Reynolds of New York. The con
test made a good deal of bad blood in the
When Buffalo Bill applied to Secretary
Lamar for permission to take Sitting Bull
around the country as part of the show,
the secretary consented, and said he wished
that he would also take Red Cloud and Dr.
Bland. So far as Sitting Bull was con
cerned, the secretary thought it would
have a good effect upon him to let him
travel, see the country and mingle with
It is stated on reliable authority that
Mr. Walker Blaine, son of Hon. James G.
Blaine, is to be married this summer
to Miss Ettie, the beautiful and accom
plished daughter of ex-Gov. D. T. Farns
worth of Buckhannon, W. Va. The ac
quaintance was formed while Miss Farns
worth was attending a musical school in
James D.Fish, the president of the Marine
National bank of New York has been sen
tenced to ten years imprisonment in states
prison at Auburn, for misappropriation of
the funds of the bank. The commutation
for good conduct will reduce the term to
six years and six months. Fish is now 65
Capt. E. T. Johnson has just been ac
quitted at Greenville, Tenn., after two
weeks trial for the murder of Major Edwin
Henry, Major Henry held improper rela
tions with Capt. Johnson's wife. The
woman confessed and committed suicide
and Johnson killed Henry.
Thomas James a member of the Illinois
House of Representatives is under arrest
for criminal assault upon a 12-year-old
girl employed as a page in the house. The
assault took place in one of the committee
rooms in the State house.
The American Steamer City of Tokio
which plys between San Francisco and
Japan has been wrecked off Yokahama and
will probably prove a total loss. The ves
sel and cargo will make a los of a uarter
of a million.
Vice President Hendricks is making a
"round up" of New England. After ad
dressing the students at Yale and Harvard
he was tendered a banquet at the Parker
house, Boston, where he made quite a po
Hon. Charles Francis Adams is seriously
ill at his residence in Quincy, Mass. He
has been in very poor health for the past
two or three years and has now, it is said,
completely lost control of his mental
The car drivers and conductors on the
West Side, Chicago*are on a strike to the
number of 1000 The company discharged
16 of the employees and the others struck
to compel their reinstatement.
S. W. Tallmadge of Mil-raukee makes an
estimate of the total wheat yield of the
country, placing it at 331,000,000 bushels.
The yield of spring wheat will, he thinks,
be 121,000,000 bushels.
A riot occurred Sunday afternoon in the
Polish Catholic church at Toledo, Ohio, two
men being killed, the result of the differ
ence of two factions regarding the officia
The marble statue of the late President
Garfield presented by the State of Ohio to
the National Statuary hall at Washington
has been unveiled without ceremony.
J. C. Mackin the Chicago politician who
was accused of stuffing the ballot box last
fall has been sentenced to five years in the
penitentiary for perjury.
Mrs. Dudly, the woman who shot
O'Donovan Rossa in New York has been
acquittdd on the ground of insanily.
John McCullough, the actor, has been
placed in the Bloomingdale insane asylum.
Baltimore, Md., has been damaged $50,000
by a rain storm.
GEN. GRANT'S CONDITION.
The physicians attending Gen Grant pub
lished on the 25th the first bulletin they
have issued for a month. They report that
the disease is progressing slowly but
surely. The removal to Mt. McGregor has
proved favorable, but affords, of course,
only temporary relief. He spent mobt of
the day out of doors and talked only with
his pencil, writing on the tab he keeps con
stantly with him.
Gen Grant's condition was not so favor
able on Saturday and Sunday. His phys
icians attribute it to over exertion in his
work upon his book.
Gen. Grant's condition grows less favora
ble every day, showing that the end is ap
proaching. The removal to Mount Mc
Gregor may have prolonged his life but the
relief was but temporary. On Wednesday
in reply to something which was said he
wrote: "The atmosphere here enables
me to live in comparative comfort while
nature takes its course with my disease.
I have no idea that I should have been ablo
to come here now had I remained in the city.
It is doubtful indeed whether I would have
been alive now. I would be much better
able to move back than to come at the
time I did." Having written the above,
and while the Doctor was reading it, the gen
eral in writing, asked Dr. Douglas if he
would like his signature to the above as
the patient's indorsement of his doctor's
judgment. Dr. Douglas assented, and the
general then added the signature "U. S.
Grant," and affixed the date "June 30,
The postmaster general has decided to
set apart the two weeks following the
Fourth of July for the purpose of disposing
of the large number of cases of presidential
postoffices which have been prepared for
consideration, and for the transaction of
other necessary and pressing business and
therefore announces to intending applicants
that he cannot, during that time, hear
applications for appointments.
The Vienna Frendenblatt asserts that
the cabinet has suggested to the United
States government ha a friendly'way that
it is doubtful whether Minister Kieley's
reception will be as warm as that extended
to former ministers from America. The
Frendenblatt thinks President Cleveland
will reconsider the appointment. Mr.
Kieley remains in Paris awaiting further
Wm. Dorsheimer has been appointed dis
trict attorney for the southern district of
New York vice Elihu B. Root resigned and
Martin T. McMahon U. S. Marshal vice Joel
B. Erhart. Dorsheimer was endorsed by
Tammany though he is not an absolute
member of that organization.
Edward L. Hedden has been appointed
collector of the port of New York vice
Robertson. Hedden is a merchant and
banker and a representative of the County
Democracy. The Tammany Democrats
are quite indignant at his appointment.
H. C. Burchard, director of the mint has
been suspended and James P. Kimball of
Pennsylvania appointed in his place.
Among new postmasters commissioned
are C. Herman, Brandon, Wis., and J. B.
Buntons, Rutland, Wis.
James B. Hays of Maysville, Wisconsin,
has been appointed chief justice of Idaho.
Mr. Balfour has just caused to be pub
lished for general circulation a brochure on
the Irish question. In this the new chief
secretary strongly supports home rule for
Ireland, but contends that this home rule
shall extend to local interests only. His
argument for this is the favorite one of the
Tories, viz: That it is as necessary for the
general welfare of Ireland itself as it is for
the stragetic security of Great Britian that
in all national affairs the present state of
dependence shall be maintained and that
all concession to Ireland shall be based on
the absolute maintenance of England's
imperial control. Another idea is elabor
ated in this brochure, namely, that in any
new organization of the government of
Ireland the rights of the Irish Tories, such
as the loyal minister in Ulster, must be re
spected and maintained. While it may be
said that these statements lack definitneess,
still it must be admitted that they indicate
a remarkable change of attitude in the Con
servative feeling toward Ireland.
The Paris Gaulois affirms that Prince
Bismarck directly influenced the Marquis
of Salisbury's acceptance of office through
the German princess imperial, the daughter
of the queen. He advised the queen of the
imminent possibility of a change in reign in
Germany, and said a renewal ofthe alliance
with England was desirable. The queen
then renewed her insistance that the Mar
quis of Salisbury should accept office, and
The Marquis f Salisbury, the new prime
minister, and Baron de Staal, the Russian
ambassador, will resume negotiations on
the frontier question this week.
The Dakota firemen's tournament Closed
at Sioux Falls on the 25th. In the novelty
ladderman's contest, C. C. Langley of
Huron won first, time 16 seconds Pierre
second. The 100 yard foot race was won
by Atherton of Aberdeen, time 10 3-10
seconds Lawson of Deadwood second.
There were twelve entries. The free-for-all
hose race was won by a team composed of
men picked from Chamberlain and Dead
woodtime, 471-10 seconds Sioux Falls
second and Sioux City third. A man by
the name of Loseier was employed to run
with the Sioux Falls and it was charged
that he sold the race. He is a professional
and it is claimed was bought by Sioux City.
He was mobbed and pounded severely, but
the crowd was parted by the sheriff and
officers. The following officers were elected
for the ensuing year: President, Mark
Bridge, Sioux Falls first vice president,
T. W. Pratt, Pierre second vice president,
C. Muskrey, Deadwood recording sec
retary, C. H. Osborne, Huron correspond
ing secretary, A. F. Shaw, Sioux Falls
treasurer, J. W. Hutchinson, Sioux Falls.
The next annual tournament will be held
At noon on Tuesday three prisoners
escaped from the county jail at Eau Claire,
Wis., by overpowering the turnkey, who
was entering with a pail of water. One
was under a thirty days' sentence for
stealing a valise. The other two, Matt
Weir and F. L. Smith, were awaiting trial
at the October term of the circuit court,
Weir for trying to throw a passenger train
from the track on the Sault Ste. Marie
railway near Bruce, Wis., and Smith for
horse thieving and robbery. Smith' has
thus far eluded capture, but the other two
were soon retaken.
A building occupied by Xavier Steit as a
brewery, saloon and residence, was
stroyed by fire at Beaver Dam, Wisconsin
on the 29th. The flames spread with great
rapidity and Steit and wife were compelled
to jump from a window with a baby leav
ing the remainder of the family to their
fate. Jacob, aged eleven, Francis, aged
eight, and Cecilia, aged five, were burned
to death. The property loss is less than
C. W. Mclntyre, the lessee of the
Metropolitan hotel closed the house on the
morning of July 1st. The immediate cause
was the opening of the Ryan hotel which
occurred the same day, and as the Ryan
will monopolize 4he trade upon which the
Metropolitan largely depended, Mr.
Mclntyre concluded to close. The owners
will probably secure other parties to
continue the hotel.
State Insurance Commissioner McGill
has made his annual report which shows
that the insurance companies lost $123,686.10
on their business in Minnesota the past
year Aggregating the past seven years
Mr. McGill puts the losses of the companies
at over half a million. The new risks
written the past year aggregated $196,895
004 and the premium paid $2,545,580.15.
Sells Bros, circus* train en route from
Faribault to Austin, Minn., was wrecked
near Owatonna at an early hour on the
30th ult. The train jumped the track on a
-estle twenty-five feet high and seven
cages of animals were tumbled overboard.
A kangaroo was killed and an eland badly
rzz i 1
injured. The zebra made the flight but
wi is uninjured. No one was hurt.
rhe commissioners appointed by the gov
ernor to select a site for a state school for
in ligent children have decided on Owaton
That city gives 160 acres of land,
agrees to pay freight on all building ma
terial brought into the city and provide
such water supply as the school mayTe
qi ire. The state appropriation is $10,000.
The Senate committee of inter-state com
merce composed of Senators Cullom of
Hinois, Harris of Tennessee and Piatt of
Connecticut have been holding sessions
at St. Paul and Minneapolis conferring
with people relative to the regulation of
cemmerce and transportation generally.
At Wmona, Sunday morning, Peter
Waltey, abridge carpenter on the Chicago
& Northwestern railroad, was found dead
upon the ground with his skull crushed in,
under his window at the Commercial hotel.
_ere is a strong suspicion f murder.
Arthur K. Delaney has been appointed
U. S. District Attorney for the Eastern
District of Wisconsin vice Hazelton
suspended. Mr. Delaney has been the
competitor of Gtn. Bragg for congressional
honors in the Third Wisconsin district.
Anson R. Hayden of Anoka, Minn., had
an ingrowing toe nail which caused the
anputation of the big toe. Three weeks
later it became necessary to cut off his
right leg above the knee and from the
elfects of that operation died.
Judge Lochren 'has denied the nation
for a new trial for Thos. Hanley of St.
Paul and sentenced him to state prison
for life. Hanley was a blacksmith who
s] lot his partner, Ryan, about two years
a o. He has had three trials.
Redfield, D. T., had a severe storm on the
2"th. A residence about seven miles out
0 3cupied by a man named Hartley was
blown down and Hartley was instantly
killed and his wife and three children
Two military prisoners, enroute from
PortBuford to Stillwater escaped from
tlie trains near St. Cloud, Minn., by jump
ing from the water closet window. They
were under three years sentence for horse
The election in Southern Dakota for
members of a constitutional convention to
meet at Sioux Falls in September called out
a very light vote no interest being taken eith
in the election or the convention.
A Fort Keogh special announces that two
to three hundred Blood Indians have left
their reservation in Northern Montana to
join the South Piegans in making war on
le Crows and Gras Ventres.
N. P. Clark, president of the State Fair,
asks St. Paul and Minneapolis to advance
$20,000, to complete the State Fair building,
tie $100,000 appropriated by the state
The Oshkosh, Wis., carriage works have
been sold by the receiver for $12,600, which
was one third of the inventory. S. D.
Eambark of Chicago was the purchaser.
The Harmonia society of Minneapolis,
took the first prize at the Northwestliche
S aengerqund, at Watertown, Wis., Lacrosse
tie second, Milwaukee the third.
An attempt was made to fire the St. Paul
and Omaha freight depot at River Falls,
Wis a few nights ago, and Charles Spohn
is under arrest for the offense.
The summer meeting of the Minnesota
1 horticultural society which has just been
held at Minneapolis, was largely attended
and very successful.
Ex-Governor Crosby's effects in Montana,
including fancy dogs, horses and ranch
property, have been attached by his credi
tors in Helena.
Gov. Hubbard has signed the death war
rant of Weiseman, convicted of murder at
I uluth, Minn., fixing August 28th as the day
Mrs. Unger, wife of a farmer at Dawson,
I T., has been I horribly murdered by a
tramp. He beat in her head with an iron
Lieut. Col. Wm. T. Gentry, commanding
officer of the post at Fort Snelling, Minn.,
dLed on Sunday of Blight's disease, aged 53
It is officially announced that the Fargo
S outhern has become part of the Milwau
kee & St. Paul system and is owned by that
The work of the Huron, D. T. land office
is two years behind, notwithstanding which
iree clerks were discharged July 1st.
A big lumber fire occurred at Antigo,
Wis., on the 30th. The loss was $300,000 and
The Hotel Astoria at St. Paul has fol
I we the example of the Metropolitan and
The Winona postofflce was formally
transferred to W. J. Whipple on the 30th
A man named Wolf has been arrested for
tie murder of Mrs. Unger near Dawson,
The steamer Blanchard burned at Mil
Loss $25,000, uninsured.
The new census gives Duluth, Minn.,
The Hotel Ryan was opened at St. Paul
AFFAIRS I N MANITOBA.
WINNIPEG, June 29.A most important
decision was given in the Manitoba court
to-day. It will affect proceedings in Riel's
iind other half-breed trials. The dominion
act of 1880 provides for an appeal to the
Manitoba court from the sentence of
stipendiary magistrates in the North
west Territories. Unlike procedure in all
(the courts of justice in Canada, there can
l)e no grand jury in territories. Hence
it was contended that any conviction in
he territories would be illegal. A man
named Connors, who recently murdered
II Jew at Moose Jaw, was broguht before
11 stipendiary magistrate at Regina, tried
jeforea jury|of six as the law provides,
without a bill being returned by a grand
jury, was convicted and sentenced to death.
An appeal was made to the Manitoba court
bo have the sentence quashed on the ground
mentioned above. Long and powerful
arguments were offered and the law for
the past century quoted on the question,
rhe queen's counsel in the Riel trial argued
3nbehalf of the crown. It was contended
on behalf of the prisoner that the British
law, which was introduced in the territory
a century ago, should obtain now. Chief
Justice Wallbridge and Judges Taylor and
Dubuc gave judgment to-day upholding
the sentence of the stipendiary magistrate
and confirming the conviction of the pris
oner. Riel and other half-breed prisoners
will, therefore, be compelled to abide by
the decision of the magistrate who tries
them at Regina. The queen's counsel and
deputy minister of justice will leave for
Regina tomorrow, to prepare indictments
against the prisoners.
The Dominion government is having
Riel's private papers, captured by Middle
ton, carefully copied with a view of prov
ing him guilty of treason.
Late telegrams from Battleford report
Poundmakers, Indians as unruly and
anxious to go on the war path.
Gen. Middleton's troops are being
gathered in with a view of returning home.
Riel's wife and two children accompanied
by Riel's brother have arrived at Winnepeg.
Wheat, No. 1 hard, 92c. bid June, 92c.
bid July, 92c bid No. 2 hard, 88c bid
No. 2 regular, 78 80c. bid.
Corn No. 2, 43c.Tid
Oats No. 2 mixed, 31c. bid, 32c. asked
No. 2 white 32c. bid.
Barley No. 2, 58c. bid.
Rye No. 2, 55c. bid,
Baled hay, $9.00 bid, $10 50 asked.
Dressed beef, choice steers 8Kc. 9X
Flour, patent spring $5.00 5.50.
Butter, extra 15c. bid, 17 c. asked.
Cheese, 8 9c.
Eggs, extrold a 10e bid ll%c. asked
40- Per bushel New
$3 $3.50 per barrel.
Strawberries, $2.50 per 24 quart case.
Chickens dry picked 8c.@9c.
No. 1 hard cash 93 14a bid July 95V-
August 95% 96 No 2 hard 89c cash.
FlourPatents, $firstname.lastname@example.org bakers' $3.85
4 low grades, $2@3.
Wheat, June 87 July 879^ August 89
Corn, June 47^
Oats, Cash 31% Julv 31% 32W
Mess Pork, June, $email@example.com July $10.-
Live Stock, Cattle $firstname.lastname@example.org Hogs
$email@example.com Sheep, $firstname.lastname@example.org.
Wheat No. 2, S73c July 87 l-2c August
Corn No. 2,47c.
Oats No. 2, 32)c.
Barley No. 2, 47c.
SOME FAMOUS BIG TREES.
"Here are the extremes of plant life,"
said a botanist, holding a micrnscope
slide in one hand and the picture of a
great tree in the other. ''This is diatom,
one of the smallest vegetable organisms,
invisible to the naked eye, while this,"
flourishing the picture, "is the largest
tree as to height in the world."
"One of the sequoias?"
"No," was the repjy. "Uncle Sam
has done pretty well with trees, but
when it comes to the height the British
Lion takes the belt as the loftiest trees
are found in the Australian dominion.
This picture is one found by a traveler
in the black range of Berwick, and it is
estimated at 500 feet from the ground
to the topmost branch. Think of it a
moment," continued the speaker.
"Five hundred feet means a good deal.
It would dwarf the Bartholdi statue
Trinity would look like a telegraph
pole compared to it the Brooklyn
bridge would be nowhere Strasburg
Cathedral, the highest building on the
globe, would be fifty-four feet below
the birds' nests on the top branches,
and if the giant was placed by the side
of the pyramid of Cheops, the leaves of
the eucalyptus would still be twenty
feet above it. That's the kind of trees
they have in Australia, and they are
undoubtedly the largest on the globe,
though it is claimed that the California
specimens are more impressive from
their greater bulk. The gum trees, as
the Australian giants are called, are
a comparatively modern discoveiy, and
for a long time it was impossible to ap
proach them, but now roads are broken,
and travellers can ride directly to the
foot of several. One of the first lown,
a Kanni eucalyptus (Eucalyptus colos
sea) of botanists, was discovered in a
glen of the Warren River, western Aus
tralia. When found by a party of ri
ders, it was prostrate upon the ground,
and four riders abreast entered the
trunk, that was estimated at 4G0 feet
in length. Another species E. Amzgda
lina, measured by Boyle in the gloomy
forest of Daudenong, was found to be
420 feet long, while another, now grow
ing on the Black Spur, ten miles from
Healesville, is 480 feet high. These
measurements, you see, are far ahead
of the California trees,- one of the lar
gest, that I think is known as 'The Father
of the Forest,' only measuring 435 feet,
and being 110 feet in circumference at
the base. The one called 'The Mother
of the Forest,' measures 820 in height,
with a circumference at the base of 90
feet. When they felled the famous
'Traveller' in 1853, by the way, every
man that had a hand in it ought to
have been sent to Dry Tortugas, it took
five or six men nearly a month to bring
it to the ground, and they had all kinds
of tools to work with, pump augurs,
wedges, and everything you could
"For a good many years the trees
were subjected to all kinds of in
dignities, and I have a list of over
thirty names of so-called civilized
human beings that I copied from the
bark where they had been carved.
Nearly everybody feels called upon to
do this but the rest, who have no
knife or are too lazy, have contented
themselves with building fires around
the roots. Why," continued the ex
cited botanist, "upon my word I would
as soon think of carving my name on
my great-grandfather's back, or burn
grandmother at the stake, as
harming these trees.
"Most all the California trees grow
in a limited area, embracing about 240
miles, and in all about 200 big trees
have been discovered, though in other
parts of the Sierra Nevadas there may
be many more that will be discovered
when the country is opened up."
"Can the age of these large trees be
determined?" asked the writer.
"Not to a certainty," was the reply.
"In those extremely old fellows the
_ino3 are not easily determined, but, if
you want a guess, I should say that,
when King David was nourishing, the
seeds of these giants were sprouting.
In one that I have examined, two
thousand annual rings could easily be
counted, but around the so-called
heart of the tree they multiplied so
rapidly that it was impossible to count
them but it was very evident that
some of the trees are much older than
the earth in which they grew,
that is, presupposing that we' go by
Biblical time. In short, the trees may
be all the way from two to ten thousand
years old. That this is not a wild
statement you can see by taking the
case of the great tree known as the
'Dragon'sblood.' of the Canary Islands.
Some one had the curiosity to hunt up
the history of it, and found that
descriptions of it, written several
hundred -years ago, agreed exactly
with those of to-day so that say in
three hundred years the tree has not
changed at all in general appearance.
The legends of the natives say that the
tree was worshipped by the orignal
inhabitants. In the fifteenth century
the Roman Catholic priest stationed
there, used its hollow, or partly hollow,
trunk as a room in which to say mass,
and the ruins of the altar can be seen
to-day. It was discovered, or revealed
to science, so to speak, in the days
when the father of Columbus was a
child, or about 1402, and since then has
not changed in the slightest. When
Humboldt visited it in 1799 he still
found it forty-five feet in circumference,
and so it stands to-day, hale and
hearty, just as it was 483 years ago,
when first seen by a European, and
how long before that it had been grow
ing no one knows.
Europe is not behind in the matter of
large trees, although they are not,
perhaps, so well known. Near Mount
Etna there is a chestnut tree that is
known as the tree of a thousand norses,
from the fact that it has given shelter
to many of these animals at once, the
occasion being during the visit of
Jeanne of Aragon from Spain to
Naples. I seems that she stopped at
Sicily, and, with a train of courtiers
representing all the nobility of Catania,
visited Etna, and while there was
caught in a passing shower durino
which the branches of the great tree
protected the entire party. This tree
has a circumference of 190 feet. A
shepherd has built a house in the hollow
of the trunk, and as the wood that
drops service him as fuel in the winter
and he eats the fruit in the summer,
he may be said to gain a living from
his silent friend.
Blood Under the Microscope.
"The only instance on record when
the blood of two persons was compared
in a criminal trial," said Dr. Piper
recently, was in a murder case in
Chicago. The comparison settled the
innocence of the woman on trial for
her life. A comely woman, with
$20,000 married a man in Chicago, and
placed her snug little fortune in his
business. In the course of time he
began to abuse her, and finally she
decided to apply for a divorce, The
double calamity of losing a woman to
beat and withdrawel of her $20,000
from his business made the brute
furious and the next morning he was
found dead in one corner of his bed
chamber, a bullet having gone through
his heart. His wife was found
wounded in another part of the room.
She said that her husband had come
home the night before in a fage and
began to abuse her while she was in
bed: that he hit her on the head with
the butt of his revolver while her
head was on the pillow, and spattered
blood over the linen that she jumped
up, and he shot her, inflicting a slight
flesh wound in her side. She then
rushed at him, and, snatching the
revolver from him, shot him through
the heart. He reeled to the corner
where he was found and died. The
prosecution did not believe her story,
and set up the theory that she shot him
when he was asleep and dragged him
to the corner, and then inflicted the
wound on herself. The carpet where
the dead man lay was saturated with
blood. According to the theory of the
prosecution the blood on the pillow
was his also. I put the section of the
pillow with olood upon it under the
microscope, and drew on a cardboard
the shape of the corpuscles, enlarged
about two thousand diameters. I then
put the blood on the carpet under the
microscope in the same way. The
comparison was wonderful. The
corpuscles on the pillow were bri-ht
round, and clean. They were beau
tiful. The corpuscles on the carpet
were large and disfigured, the result of
disease. The comparison settled 'that
question at once. The blood corpuscles
were as different as day and night, and
sustained the woman's account of
the shooting. She was acquitted on
that and other evidence.
"As between human blood and dog's
blood, the microscope enables the
expert to determine precisely whether
a specimen is from a human being or
a dog. But it is impossible to deter
mine between human blood and a
hog's blood. This fact convicted one
man that I know of. claimed that
the blood on his clothes was dog's
blood. I was able to show that it was
not dog's blood but if he had said that
it was hog's blood I could not have
contradicted the statement."San
The Parson's Mistake.
A few Sundays ago a minister preach
ed a sermon on the evils of mendacity,
to a congregation in the backwoods
nearNipantuck. In the course of his
remarks he alluded to the tragic death
of Ananias. At the close of the sermon
an old deacon took the minister aside,
and informed the reverend gentlemen
that he had made a mistake in regard
"How so? asked the astonished
"Why, by telling the congregation
that Ananias is dead," said the deacon.
"II don't understand," said the
minister in some confusion. "Please
"Dang it!" said the deacon, "nearly
every man in the congregatioa is an
office seeker, and when they learn that
Ananias is dead the whole dufned
crowd will want to fill his place."