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Published Every Saturday at
St. Paul, MINN, by the WES-
TERN Publishing Co., Boom 3
I ambert Block Cor. of 3rd and
Entered at St. Paul Post-office
second class matter.
This paper goes to press every Friday
afternoon, is mailed Friday evening, and
is ready for delivery Saturday morning,
The U. S. Government is responsible
for its delivery on the day of publication.
Advertising at reasonable rates.
Please send subscriptions by Postal
Note, Money Order or Registered letter.
J. K. Hilyard, Sr., 408 Robert Street.
All notices of church festivals and en
tertainments must be brief and in by
Wednesday noon. Churh advertise
ments at greatly reduced rates.
The management will not be responsi
ble for the opinion expressed by any of
its correspondents. Neither will they
publish any matter to satisfy personal
Correspondence that will be of in
terest to the readers of the APPE-VL is
solicted, we will not be responsible for
opinions expressed by our correspon
dents, but all communications must be
accompanied by the writers full name
not for publcation but for reference.
Mr. J. W. Cromwell has charge of the
editorial department of the Washington
Advocate. While we are glad to hear
of Mr. Cromwell's return to his former
vocation, we regret very much that his
leaving it did not affect his standing in
the department, under the so-catled
Civil Service Rules.
The Dispatch of Julv 14 in reporting
the appointment of the new patrolmen
said "there was to be two more appoint
ments made, and it is whispered by the
birds (black birds) that one of them is
to be 'a colored man." 'We did not
know that the mayor had such a rare
curiosity about his office as a blackbird,
to whom he could communicate his in
tentions as to future appointments. We
think that if the Dispatch would send
its reporters out to cage all the birds,
(black birds) they speak of, it would
make more money by keeping a museum,
than by running a paper.
As the authorities have begun the
good work among our people, it is hoped
that they will not cease until every
hovel and gambling hell is shut up, for
if we have no respect for ourselves as a
race, how can you expect white men to
respect you so long as you carry on bus
iness that is not only a disgrace to you
as men, and to your lace, but to the
community in which they are carried
on. We say, continue to wipe them
out and clean the city of the slum that
is congregating here from every quarter
of the country, for the moral standard
of our people is everything else but
good, and until we as a race, cultivate
principles of self respect, and encourage
a race pride, what can you expect of
any party or people who come in con
tact with you. Let us purify ourselves,
respect ourselves, respect our race, and
you can demand respect and protection
From under the shadows of the dome
of the Capitol of the nation is sounded,
as it were, the key-note as to the future
political policy of the negroes of Amer
ica, by the Advocate in its editorial on
the new regime. We hope that every
mouth-piece of the race will take up
the cry and call upon the masses to
stand firmly and truly by each other in
all coming contests, as much depends
upon a concerted action on the part of
the race, whether in a local or national
contest. The republican press can
always set up the howl of ingratitude,
but that cry has been sounded so long
that it has lost its force, and the party
of 1860, which truly was a grand old
party, is no more, for the party of 1885
is one that every honest man is afraid
to trust. The democrats of '60 are not
the same to-day, instead of favoring
slavery in all its worst forms, it is willing,
or so expresses itself, to aid and assist
the down trodden race in all ways where
merit should be rewarded, and it is for
us to wait and see. for if they really do
as they profess the time has come when
the solid negro vote will be indeed divi
ded, but not with the democratic party
unless it changes some of its principles,
but with an independent movement
that will be brought forward to take the
place of the now defunct g. o, p. that
was, and is no more. We echo the sen
timents of the Advocate, and "calmly
await the prospectus of the new regime."
The annual session of the African
Grand Lodge, A. F. and A. M, of Iowa
and Minnesota, was held Tuesday July
14. The meetings were held at the
lodge room of Pioneer Lodge, No. 12.
The Grand Officers were, Grand Master
A. A. Bland J- K. Hilyard,Sr.,D.G. M.
S. H. McCracken, G. S. W W. H. Cole
son, G. J. W Orange Fields, G. Treas
G. H. Claggett, G. Sec'y E. W. Vaughn,
G. Lecturer. Sessions were held after
noon and evening, and reports from, the
Iowa Jurisdiction of the order showed
things in a very prosperous condition,
and constantly increasing in member
ship. The business included the election
of officers which resulted as follows
Grand Master, A. A. Bland, Keokuk.
Deputy Grand Master. J. K. Hilyard Sr.,
Senior Grand Warden, W. F. Ewing.
Junior Grand Warden, J. G. Sterritt,
Grand Treasurer, H. H. Lewis, Des
Grand Secretary, G. H. Cleggett, Des
Grand Lecturer, C. W. Newton. Minne
The appointive officers were announc
ed on Thursday morning.
There was a parade on Thursday
afternoon, about 150 men being in line,
making a very imposing appearance.
The Mayor welcomed them in his hap
piest manner, and Grand Lecturer C. W.
Newton fitfully responded. In the
evening the public installation was held
Music Hall and was witnessed by a large
audience, after which many present in
dulged in the festivities of the evening.
During the morning session of Thurs
day the Lodge adjourned to meet at
Keokuk July 14,1886.
Many of the members of the Grand
Lodge were accomyanied by their wives,
and the citizens generally did all in
their power to make it pleasant for
them, for between the picnics to White
Bear and Lake Minnetonka. and the re
ception at Mr. T, H. Lyles, they had
but little leisure time and go home feel
ing very much gratified over the treat
ment received. The effect of the
meeting of the Lodge here, at this time,
will result in a great benei^t to the race
in this section, and be the means of
stirring up an interest not felt before.
Kansas City, July 9,1885:
Prof Page of Lincoln Institute was in
the city Monday.
Mrs. Geo. Teeters leaves for Chicago
Miss Willa Rhodes and Miss Lulu
Jones on last Thursday night enter
tained the Young People's Society at
the home of Miss Willa Rhodes. The
premises were illuminated, and an early
hour carriages began to arrive, and soon
the house and grounds were filled with
a gay and happy company of young peo
ple. The musical and literary pro
gramme presented was an interesting
one, and consisted of songs by Miss
Laura Lanson and Mr. Martin Piano
instrumentals by Miss Rhodes, Miss
Lulu Adams and Mr. Samuel Jordan
Select reading by Miss Lulu Jones.
Following this, Miss Rhodes and her
aids served the company with some very
choice and cooling refreshments. Up
wards of thirty were present, and the
evening proved to all a most delightful
The ladies of Kansas City would like
to see Mr. J. J. Lawrence in the city
A certain young lady of Kansas City
wishes to know Mr. Howard Green's
The illness of your correspondent
last week prevented a report of the
doings among us, nevertheless your
many readers were anxious to see the
The mysterious reaper, Death, visited
our community and robbed us of the in
fant son of Mr. and Mrs. Geo. Pullin,
and Mr. Robert Patterson, an old manpointed
of some 75 years of age, who was a jan
tor and general jobber. He died of the
heart disease. He was a queer old man
only known to us by sight upon his
mind there appeared to be a heavy bur
den, one too full for utterance. Never
was he seen in the company of any one,
nor is it known of him relating his tale,
the result is, he was friendless, home
less, and penniless. The coroner took
charge of his remains and he waaburied
last Saturday, with no one to shed a
tear or offer a prayer for him in the
needful hour, he was laid away in the
silent city of the dead to await the action
of Him who doth all things well.
Rev. Newton preached an eloquent
sermon Sunday eve, on "Life, its cares,
and its duties." As is usual, the house
was crowded, nd all joined in praise of
the elder's well chosen words.
Mr. Marshall, who is the proprietor of
the best known lunch counter in the
city, is an earnest and devout worker in
our Missiou Sabbath School. Through
him and a few others we had a prosper
ous literary society last fall and winter,
which will he revived when weather
One of our leading wholesale and re
tail fruit dealers has engaged the services
of one of our young men to Btraighten
up his books.
v- s* j^^iS
The Heathcock sisters, ofjubilee fame,
who have been the guests of Mrs.
Georgie McCullough the past week,
took their departure for Cincinnati,
Our railroad boys are loud in praising
the well kept boarding and eating house
of Mrs. Peterson, opposite the Chamber
of Commerce. She is a widow, and one
who deserves the encouragement she is
laboring so hard to gain.
At the session of the Grand Lodge,
our J. K. Hilyard Lodge, named in honor
ofyour beloved townsmen, will be repre
sented by Rev. Newton and P. M. X. G.
Sterrit, one of our brightest and best
members of the craft. By unanimous
consent he was delegated, and no lodge
in our jurisdiction will be more ably
Mr. J. H. Finley of Dayton, Ohio,
was the guest of Mr. and Mrs. M. W
Lewis. He contemplates locating
here and entering into the carpet and
furnishing business, having amassed
quite a neat sum at his home. Ill health
ofhis wife causes him to change climates.
We will gladly welcome him.
The Hotel Lafayette dining room is
this year in charge of Mr. Al. Plummer,
a Boston boy, who assumed control
some three weeks ago, assisted by an
able corps of young students from var
ious colleges in the south and east. Mr.
Plummer is well known throughout the
country by all, and as a caterer he
stands second to none in this part of our
commonwealth. He is a gentleman and
a scholar in its broadest sense, and an
honor to the profession and race he
Mr. and Mrs. William Morgan will
soon move in their elegant new home,
on the St. Mary Place, which they pur
chased and refitted some time ago. Mr.
Morgan was formerly a Wisconsin man,
and one who, by a steady application to
business and bv his good wife's assist-J
ance.has enabled him to have tn-dv?*
ance, has enabled him to have to-dan
the finest residence in the city. When
moved, they expect to open their house
by a splendid party for their many
best wishes they have.
We do not favor the celebrating of
the First of August as a general holiday,
but would prefer the 22nd of September
or the 1st of January, as these days are
marked by the greatest events in the
history of the American negro, the one,
proclamation day, the other the Emanci
pation day. Let us celebrate one or
both, let us show our patriotism and
love of freedom by demonstration, on
these, among the greatest days in the
history of the United States.
The Excelsior Literary Society met
on Tuesday evening at the Pilgrim Bap
tist church. The temporary chairman,
Mr. J. T. Burgett, called the meeting to
order, after the minutes had been read,
on the adoption to appoint a committee
of two to escort the President elect to
the chair. The committee thus appoint
ed having peiformed its duty, and the
president, Rev. Bird Wilkins, being
duly sworn in according to the consti
tution, he delivered a great speech of
some length, setting forth what he in
teuded to do, &c, &c, which was listened
to with marked appreciation by the
large number present, after which the
remaining officers were duly installed.
On motion, a musical director and an
organist was appointed, the president
appointing Mr. F. D. Parker and Miss
Lulu Griswold. Mr. Parker asked the
society to give him time to consider the
matter and arrange his business before
accepting it. The roll was opened for
new members, and a number presented
On motion, a sergeant-at-arms was ap
pointed. The motion qalled forth con
siderable discussion, but was finally
carried, and Mr. I. W. Evans was ap
to that honorary position.
The order of exercises for the next
meeting was announced
Essay by Miss Lulu Landay.
Oration by J. P. Anderson,
Discussion "Did Columbus, for the
discovery of America, or Washington,
for defending it, merit the most honor?"
Mr. J. T. Burgett, Mr. Curtis, Mr. Geo.
C. Allen, Mr. Gromes.
The meeting adjourned to meet on
next Tuesday evening at eight o'clock,
at Pilgrim Baptist church.
It is rumored in town that one of the
colored ladies who left here last Sunday
for Buffalo, Wyoming, was drowned in
crossing the Big Horn River. (Billings
We regret to chronicle the'fact that
the rumor above reported was true, and
the unfortunate victim was Mrs. Mary V, "V"
Jane Edwards, wife of our esteemed
fellow citizen Samuel Edwards, and
daughter of Mrs Julia Turner. We ex
tend to them our sympathy in their,
sudden and unexpected bereavement.
fellow nitizfi Sa^na i TM,I
ST. PAUL -MINN. SATURDAY? JULY 18M885.," NO 7 issrw*?w-EIhcassTerm.yearrpe0$2.0\
Hmes Kidd Hildyard was born in
Lancaster Pa. June 17, 1830. At an
early age he attended school for a short
tnnfe and acquired what education he
coujd. In 45 he went to Philadelphia to
live with Mr. Samuel Miller, who kept
the Chestnut street house on Chestnut
below Fourth street, where he remained
until 1852, after having risen from bell
boy to head waiter and head porter in
thy hotel, he left and went into the
clofhes renovating business and catering
in ^he Arcade building. In 1855 he
started for the west and on arriving at
Cincinnati he was engaged as porter on
the steamer Niagara, this was his first
steamboating and was quite a novelty to
tt $im. He soon tired of the south and
in 1856 came to Galena and Avent porter
on the old Granite State, the boat run
ning between Galena
which he did, and he has made his
home west ever since. The names of
these friends are, J. A. D. Mitchell, at
present the leader of a very fine brass
and string band, John M. Bush, the un
rivalled bass performer and music
tea chei,|and the other was John E. Bel
who was porter on the old Sultania, and
was lost when she was blown up on the
Mississippi river. Mr. Hilvard after
living in Cleveland until 1859, went to
New Albany, Ind. to live, and followed
steamboating again until the breaking
out of the war. He went out with the
38th regiment, as clerk in the sutler's
department. After travelling through
Kentucky, Tennessee and other southern
states, he returned home and went
steward on the steamer Duke, which
wis in the government service. He re
turned to St. Paul in '66' to remain, and
engaged in the clothes renovating bus
iness, and also, the Hilyard Quadrille
Band of which he is director.
married Sabia Anna Halforn of Oberlin.
Ohio. June 19,1873. By a former mar
riage he has three sons, Henry T. James
K. and William A. who are all in bus
iness, married and doing well. Mr.
Hilyard by strict integrity to business,
and honest purposes, has made for him
self a name and a reputation. He to-day
is worth considerable real and personal
estate, and is what might be tiuly termed
a self-made man.
In 1850 on the 17th of June he joined
the Masonic order. Father David Leary
one of the ablest masons, white or black,
in this country, assisted by Dr. J. Davis,
the great masonic journalist, Enoch
Hall. P. N. G. M. of America, Wm. C.
Gibson, P. G. M. of the state of Pa.,
Jonathan Miller, an old and able lawyer
in masonry,- Jas. Robinson and other
tried and true masons, performed the
initiation, all of whom except Gibson
and Robinson have gone to rest. Bro.
Hilyard helpedBro. David Leary to re
organize Prudence No. 4, of which David
Leary was W. M., was elected sec'y and
was given two other degrees. The next
year he Avas elected S. W., and the next
W. M., which position he held for two
years. In 1852 he helped organize
Pmdence Royal Aarh Chapter, and was
elected King, and the next year High
Priest, also the same year was elected
Treasurer of ^he Grand Chapter of Pa.
In 1852 he assisted in reorganizing St.
George Commandery, and Avas elected
Generalissimo In 1853 he assisted in
organizing St. Andrews consistory and
on the 21st, Day of September 1881, he
received the 33rd and last degree of
masonry and was ^elected a Deputy to
represent the United Supreme Council
33rd, for the state of Minnesota and
Northwestern Jurisdiction. Bro/ Hily
frends Paul.w In
^rnily- the fall of '56 he started backhit Phila
nplphia but only go as^faro as Cleveland,
masonry in the
A west has been very extended.^ In 1867
he received his demit from Prudence
No. 5, in Philadelphia Pa, and joins
Pioneer No. 5, in St, Paul. In 1868 he
AA-as appointed D. D. G. M. Avhich po
sition he held until 1879. In 1869 he
assisted P. G. M. Alex. Clark to organize a
Lodge in Minneapolis and it Avas called
J. K. Hilyard No. 38, AA'orking under the
Jurisdiction of the Grand Lodge of Mo.
it discontinued to meet in 1879, and in
1882 they surrendered their Avarrant to
Mo. and taken a warrant under the A.
G. Lodge of Iowa, in November, 1881
Bro. Hilyard receiA'ed his demit frm
Pioneer Lodge and joined the J. K.
Hilyard Lodge of Minneapolis of which
he is at present a member. In 1884 he
was a delegate to the Grand Lodge
which met at Ottumwa, Iowa, where he
was elected Deputy Grand Master, he
Avas spoken of for Grand Master, but
positively declined being a candidate as
a hard, earnest, and true Mason. We
have but few men of our race that equal
Bro. Hilyard, as a Good Templar, and
earnest temperance man, the order has
no one that takes*more interest, and
put forth more labor than he. In 1877
he joined Lincoln Lodge of Good Tem
plars in St. Paul, and when the lodge
ceased to meet he has kept up the or
ganization ever since by paying the
regular assessments, in hopes that it
AAOuld resuscitate sometime, and it is to
be hoped it ill. In 1882 he AA-as elected
a delegate to R. W. G. Lodge of the
Avorld Avhich met in Chicago, and again
in June 1885 he Avas elected delegate to
the R, W. G. L. which meets in
Richmond Viiginia in May 1886 to re
present in part the lodge of Good Tem
plars of white and colored in Minnesota.
As a churchman he is an Episcopalian
and a member of the church of the God
Sheppard in St. Paul, Minn., From the
success he has made in business, and
the labor and interest he has taken to
promote the race to a proper standard
in this section of the country, it has
made him indeed one of the foremost of
our race in the northwest.
BISHOP IRELAND says "America
needs brave citizens. Go forth, then,
determined to enforce and have enacted
just laws against the eAils of the liquor
traffic. There are Catholics of course
implicated in these eAils. We know it
they have our name but they have not
our spirit and AA repudiate them. I
A A ish to heaven the Catholic name Avas
not used by them in such a business.
To-day, Avhat America needs is laAv
abiding, laAv-enforcing, brave citizens.
Let her Catholic citizens spring to the
front, ready to vote, ready to work,
ready to die for law, order, religion and
the country." (Washington Record.)
It would be well if other denomina
tions than the Catholic were to take the
adAice of the Bishop, and spring to the
front with vote, labor and courage ready
to battle with the great adversary of
right and truth.
The Ne Postal Law
Let all remember that the neAV postal
law went into effect July I. The changes
that are made by it are: FIRST, A letter
Aveighing AX OUNCE, can be sent to any
part of the United States or Canada, for
the regular postage,TWO CENTS. SEC-
ONDLY, Newspapers can be sent from
the offices of publicatiou and from
agencies, at the rate of a pound for ONE
CENT. THIRDLY, When you wish to
send a letter, and have it delivered Im
mediately on its arrival, ask the post
master for a SPECIAL DELIVERY STAMP (it
cost ten cents), put it on your envelope,
and that will insure its instant delivjpry
from the office in any city of 4,000-4o-
habitants and upwards. A
Subscribe for the WESTERN APPKAL.
The Mayor's Address.
Gentlemen of the African Grand
Lodge of Iowa
The occasion of your holding Masonic
meetings in St. Paul is gratifying to me
and to our citizens without exception,
and in their name I cordially welcome
you. Your order is so widely spread in
all countries where civilization exists,
embracing most notable people of all
languages, races and creeds, that those
of us who know anything of its history
and purposes, are not surprised that
Free Mason's lodges of colored citizens
should be established in this and adjoin
ing states, and in fact throughout the
universe: indeed, Free Masonry held
sway in Africa in the ninth century, and
and from them extended and establish
ed lodges in Spain, and it is claimed that
to the Free Masons belongs the honor
of erecting Solomon's Temple. HoweA'er
that may be, their order has exercised
great influence for good, both in ancient
and modern times, and has done much
to disseminate useful knowledge and to
promote civilization, as Avell as ciAil
intercourse and mutual assistanca among
its members, and there are -1 think no
people on this continent for whom it
can do more, than for the colored citi
zens of African descent, and I sincerely
hope that they Avill derive all the bene
fits from the order that it is capable oj
affording them. Like yours, all kindred
associations prove benefactions to their
members and to the families of members,
nor can there be any danger that the
piinciples of these societies, or of yours
will eA-er be perveted to bad uses.
I take pleasure in renewing to you the
assurance that you are heartily welcome
to the freedom of our city and to the
hospitality of its citizens, and that you
Avill carry away Avith you the good will
and best wishes of all.
COMMENTS OF THE PRESS.
The first number of the WESTREN AP
PEAL, came to us in a beautiful dress. It
is a six column folio, edited by Messrs.
Parker, Burgett, and Hardy. Mr. Fred
erick Douglass Parker, is an Ohio man
born in Cleveland. To the gentleman
editors Ave wish them all the success
their enterprise richly deserves, "come
early and stay late."
The first number of the WESTERN
APPEAL was received this Aveek, with
its patriotic sentiments.
The WESTERN APPEVL is the latest
venture in the newspaper AAorld. It is
published at St. Paul, Minn.,' and starts
out under fair circumstancesSilver and
gold have Ave none, but such as we have
we cheerfully extend our best A A ishes for
a long life and prosperity.
The WESTERN APPEAL, published at
St. Paul, Minn, by F. D. Parker, J. T.
Burgett and S. E. Hardy, is the latest
addition to colored journalism.
(NeAV York Freeman.
WESTREN APPEAL comes to us form St.
Paul Minn., and is a bright, clean, six
column folio, and a credit to its pub
Ushers Messrs, Parker, Burgett and
We cordially AA'elcome the second
issue of the WESTERN APPEAL to the field
of journalism. It comes Avith spice
Aigor and aggressiveness, remarkable for
one so young.
The WESTERN APPEVL, the neAV St.
Paul organ of the colored population, is
ably conducted by F. D. Parker and J.
T. Burgett as editors, and S. E. Hardy
as business manager.
From all parts of the country we hear
the glad tidings of the birth of colored
journalistic enlerprises. This time we
are glad to hail the advent of the
"WESTERN APPEAL," published at St.
Paul, Minnesota, and edited by Messrs.
F. D. Parker and J. T. Burgett. We
extend the right hand of fellowship to
our youthful contemporary, and wish it
a hearty "God speed."
The "WESTERN APPEAL" is a good name
and chimes in Avell with the Advocate.
May they walk hand and hand to the
betterment of our race and the credit of
We have received the Farmer's Advo
cate, which is edited by Captain H. A.
Castle formerly of the Dispatch, and if
tfee Captain puts as muce energy in the
advocacy of the cause of the farmer in
this particular as he has always shown
in the past, we predict for the Advocate
a well merited success.
Subscribe for the APPEAL, give it to
your friends so that they can read it and
subscribe for it. Read our list of adver