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ffortliiesterfr FnbUsMog Company,
ROOM 27, UNION BLOCK.
COR. FOURTH AND CEDAR.
JT. O AUAUS, Editor.
tafia Coay, Mr ytr tiu
Ms .toatlu *,aa
"Urea Months jj
aabscrlpUuns to ba paid la adraara When'sus
scr atknsars not paid la adraucaor ay any mraa*
re allows* to ran without pvftymtM tae trmt
will b 69 cants for acb 18 wck* aaa aaata far
aca oii week.
Marriages and deathi fo be annoa&esd at alt ut
soma la ea on te bt- ni-w*
Karrtaga an. death notices, Mty oasts. Pajnaaat
strictly In advanca.
A.dTarti.tai rates, fltty cants ft s%aara af atgat
Unas solid .gt eaeb In.ertlon.
We do not hold omseires responsible ttr tke
TTewa af our eorreipoadenta
ItaHiling i otlcei is cents per live.
Spe. al ra ra for adrenUements far a longer- tlsia
tkaa a month
A blue croat nark eena!te yoar name daaotaa
tnat janr sjib.. rlption as expired Tea will sealer
a favar by renewing the same
Cewnnnteation* to recetre atteatien mast be
newsy, npontmrortaatsnbjects, ptataiy writua awly
vpos ue side uf the paper, mast rsaca as aet la er
thaa Thursdays, aad hew the signature a* the
aetkar No maaascr pt returned.
aeoi terms te ageata who desire ts piaee tka
paper an sale
ElfEHD1TPQST9FFICE AS SECOIU-BUSSHTIHL
MT TAKE NOTICE. ~ff
This paper is for sale by:
C. WALDON, 108, Fifth street, St. Paul.
CHAS.LANDRE, 111, Harrison St., Chicago.
R. S. BRYANT, 446, S. State &t Chicago.
One of the things we cannot under
stand is, whence comes the alleged dif
ference between the Colored men of
the South now-a-days, and during the
rebellion. It is a historical fact, which
political oiators wax eloquent upon,
that during the war, when the elm airy
of the South was al the front, battling
to retain them in their worse than
Egyptian bondage, these same slaves,
were at their homes caung for then
helpless children and an.touvitic wives,
and no instance of outrage, rapine or
murder is recorded against them. With
everv thing to incite thpm to deeds of
violence and opportunities abounding
on every side, they proved faithful in
every instance. Now, ever) morning,
the news is heralded to the world of
Negro outrages in the South, with the
consequencea lynching. We do not
believe these people have so degener
ated by being set free, we do not be
lieve Jiese alleged rape cases, but we
do believe that the poor Coloied peo
ple are the oiies outraged in ninety
nine cases out of a hundred, not onlj
outraged but murdered by these blood
thirsty miscreants, who kill their vic
tims first and then try them afterwards.
Yet this is called the land of the free
and the home of the brave,
a haven for the downtrodden and op
pressed "of all nations. Thousands ol
ftrs are spent annually to send mis-
sionaries to Africa and otLer foreign
lands, while all that portion of our
country South of Mason's and Dixon's
line, is swarming with satin's emis
saries who are buwly engaged in send
ing the esouls of their black but inno
cent hi others into eternity. Send the
missionaries to the South. Let charity
begin at home.
Recently, Judge M. W. Gibbs was
taken to task by the Little Rock Sun
for favoring a "Colored Peoples Day"
at their exposition. The Judge hap
pened to be in this city last September
about the time "Emancipation Day"
at our exposition was creating such an
excitement, and he saw some of the
practical effects ofsuch a day, and there
fore was prepared to favor such a day
for the Arkansas exposition. The Judge
came back at the Sun last week in his
usual vigorous style and wound up his
article with the following sound doc
All things considered, we are making
great progress, and we will continue in
the ratio that we obtain education anl
wealth, that we come forward in the in
cipiency of public enterprises with our
money and our time, with practical
knowledge obtained from the best
sources and although race identity may
still exist, the antagonisms and preju
dices of which we now complain will be
buried under our general usefulness,
when we have more bank and railroad
etock, and less high-sounding societies,
such aB the "Seventeen Stars of the
Consolidation" and the "RHng, Perse
vering Free Sons of Joshua," more
landlords and less tenants more owneis
of plantations and less share workers,
more merchants and fewer dudes more
piety and less religion more economy
and less wastefullness more confidence
and lePB envy.
I simply arise to submit that these
will be an irresistable claim to a higher
Colored men who remain in the
South to starve or eke out a scant
existence, and rear children in ignor-
-4 ance, deserve no more sympathy than
|^|do the foolish men who are killed. If
the South is too unfriendly, why not] vacancy
avail themselves of tlie light and privi
lige of immigrating to those sections
that all true men hold dear? This is a
large country -with miles of land to be
had by the mere occupying. "Why
should any be poo* when wealth lies
before them? Now that the masses of
Negroes have freedom/they need the
spirit of five men.
Female sugar hands in Louisiana get
65 cents a day and board, while New
York sewing women work fifteen hours
a day and earn 60 cents. The former
are black and the latter white, which
goes fo show that the colored troops
are marching on.Pioneer Pi ess.
That is only one of a veiy few in
stances where black laborers get more
for their labor or time than white ones.
Of course it would be in order for these
delightfully situated sisters to get down
on their knees and thank God that they
are better off than their white Sisters.
But what's the matter with the white
sewing women going down to Louisiana
and working in the sugar fields? This
is called a free country,and,for whites,is
comparatively free. They can at least
get anything they wish for, if they have
the money to pay for it. They can go
to work on the sugar plantations too, if
they wish to do so.
The large and enthusiastic national
convention of Republican clubs in New
York last week proves conclusively that
Republicanism is neither dead nor
Bleeping. Hon. John M. Lynch, of
Mississippi, in an admirable address
Thursday gave some pointers that the
managers will do well to look after. It
is evident from the earnestness of these
representatives of the party that the
battle of '88 will be waged for all it is
We hope that the reccommendations
of Commissioner Trenholm, of the
Freedman's ^avngs and Trust Co., that
congress pass a bill authorizing the pay
ment of all balances due depositors,
will be followed. Much for the benefit
of those who really lost money by the
suspension of the bank, but more to
shut up the mouths of those who did
not lose a dollar, and those who date all
their troubles from that point.
The corresponding secretary of the
Protective and Industiial Bureau tells
us he bason foot a plan, which he will
soon place before the bureau, and,
which,if the negotiations succeed, will
enable them to secure two pages of this
paper each week, and 5,000 copies for
fiee distribution throughout the South.
Also, to employ several able men at fair
salanes, to travel through the Northern
states in behalf of the bureau.
Of course we do not expect any, but
should any of our friends intend to sur
prise us with Christmas gifts, our ad
dress is room 27 Union Block. If you
have not anything else to send, your
subscription for 1888 will be acceptable.
If jour time has expired please lenew
and accept our thanks.
The ex-minister to Liberia, Taylor,
teems to talk two ways, if the different
interviews with him are to be consid
ered. We are of the opinion that Tay
lor is, to use a common slang expres
sion, "N. G."
Protective leagues seem to be spring
ing up in all parts of the North. The
Colored men are awaking to the fact
that God only helps him who helps
The aggregate wealth of the gentle
men connected with the recently
formed Protective and Industrial
League exceeds half a million dollars.
As there are 53 Saturdays in this ear,
and as 52 weeks make up a jear, we
send this issue of the WESTERN APPEAL
as Christmas gifts to our patrons.
Col. E. A. Fulton has sold his interest
in the Little Rock Sun to Prof. J. T.
Bailey who thus becomes sjle proprie
Eight Colored men were elected to
the Virginia legislature at a recent elec
tion, one to the senate, and seven to
the house of representatives.
Luther Cain, Colored, who lost a leg
being ejected from a Minneapolis & St.
Louis tram, was awarded $4,000 dam
ages at Shakokpee, Minn., last Wednes
Hampton, Va., has two Colored coun
cil men, two policemen, and in fact all
the officers in that county are Colored,
except fourthe Judge, Superintendent
of Public Schools, Commonwealth At
torney, in Chief of Police.
Prof. John M. Langston has been re
moved from the presidency of the Vir
ginia Normal ana Collegeiate Institute
at Peten-buig, Va., and Mr. James A.
Johnson, a teacher in one of the public
schools, has been appointed to fill the
Paragraphs of News Pertaining
to Colored People in All
"L Parts of the U. S.
Lieut. Howard L. Smith, of Boston.
Mass., is dead.
The Baptist Watchtower has sus
The Richmond Planet entered
its fifth year last Saturday.
There is a movement of foot in Pipyi*
The Colored citizens of Waverly, N.
Y. are about to organize a Protective
The Hunt&viUe Gazette celebrated the
nin+h anniversary of its birthday by
issuing a double sheet.
Henderson* Brandon, Colored, of
Huntsville, Ala., owns a brickyard and
is a building contrator.
Hon. Charles H. J. Taylor, minister
of the United States to Liberia, has
tendered his resignation.
Theie will be a national convention
of the Colored Y. M. C. A held, in
Lov isville, Ky., June 7th, 1888.
The present congre'ss has no Colored
man in it. Eight millions of people
with no representative among the law
makers of the lana.
MibS Sarah Warner, white, daughter
of a well-to-do farmer near Lexington,
N. N., has been committed to jail for
the muider of her newly born Colored
Mr. Frank E. Winslow, Colored, was
recently elected to the common council
of Boston, Mas. His election was ac
complished by the united action of the
Fran i Hicks, Colored, residing near
MoKiuney, Texas, is 117 years of age.
He has been married several times aud
his descendants are saijl to number
neatly a thousand.
Hon. James Hill, Colored, of Mississ
ippi, land agent loi the Louisville, New
O "leans & Texas ailroad, has lately
sold 50,000 acies of land to Colored
men in small tracts.
Mr. Cornehub King, of Little Rock,
Aik., and Miss VK tona Turner, of At
lanta, Ga daughter of Bishop H. M.
Turner, were united marriage
Wednesday Dec. 14.
Mibs Flora Batson, the Colored prima
donna and Mr John G. Bergen, her
white manager were quietly married at
the Sumner Hout in New York last
week by Uev. li. D. Wyun.
Lawver Hewlet, of Washington, was
reluoed accommodations on account of
color, at G. M. Haivey's restuaraut a
lew days ago. He brought suit in the
police court and Harvey was fined $100.
Mr. R. B. Bagby, of Indianapolis,
who was dibuusbed from the Third
Auditor's offic e, Washington, D. C, a
short tune ago, has been reinstated and
tiausferred to the Sixth Auditor's office.
It is reported that A. C. Bailey, a
Colored man, in Harnett county, N. C,
has oiiginated an impoitant variety ot
cotton balls, which are twice as thick as
the ordinary staple and superior to it in
fibre. He has refUBed.7b a bushel for
A child was born in Chatahoochee,
Fla., ieceutly that was black on one
side and white on the othei, a perfect
line was diawn fiom its head down,
The black part of its face had cauca
sionfeatures, while the white portion-,
had Negro ones.
Thomas White, who shot and killed
Harry Woodson, the Colored pugilist
known as "The Black Diamond," had
his trial in Chicago last week and was
found guilty ot manslaughter. His
punishment was fixed at five years in
At a recent examination of teachers
in Monroe county, N^ N., the record
was as follows, there being 23 whites
and 30 colored ones: 3 white and 6 col
ored made 1st guide' 12 white and seven
Colored made 2p grade: 5 white and 10
colored made 3d grade.
William Moiton, Colored, of Louis
ville, Ky sold his lforse and wagon
and also his house and lot, his only
property, and bet the whole amount on
the Republican candidate for mayor,
The Democrats won, and Morton cut
his throat from ear to ear.
While a dance was In progress in a
hall in Minneola, Texas, last Sunday
night, a wind storm arose and collapsed
the building,killing Thomas Hardeman,
Jack Wilson, Reuben Garrett, Fannie
Benson and Rose Benson, all colored,
about twenty others were injured.
The R. B. Elliott Republican club of
Cincinnati elected the following persons
to lepresent it in the National Repub
lican Club League that meets in New
York City in December: Dr. A. J. De
Hart, Tom. W. Johnson*L. H. Wilson,
Capt. Ford Stith and Thomas A. Trip
The Protective and Industrial
i^ Bureau, i^f^i&fl
The aim of the organization, under
which the bureau operates, is not so
much to make war against fancied
wrongs, but to encourage and assist the
people to make good us|. of the rights
and privileges which they have. It if
an apparent fact that tire white andCol
ored men of the South %ftmot affiliate.
If tlie Colored man becomes elevated it
will have to be as a distinct element of
the Southern people. The white class
are in the ascendency as toe- bloody
facts of twenty years prove, they will
not tolerate a class of ColorecUnen who
become their equals. Therefore the
Colored element of the South must
either be proven an inferior class, or
else must crush the whites who stand in
the way of their ascendency.| A race
war could only result in the destruction
of the Colored people. A century of
the most successful progress would not
place the Colored people of the South
in as good a condition as the Colored
people of Minnesota are at present. By
that we mean they would not stand in
as friendly relations with the whites
would not have as strong a h^'# as citi
zens, and would have not attained as
a state of true manhood. There is
little Lope for the Negro in the South,
either as a citizen or as a man. He
may be able to boast of some few achiey
ments, but they are mere pigmies to
what could be attained under the more
favorable conditions here offered, with
half the effort. It is the fear and weak
ness of a downtrodden people, which
causes the Negro to cling to the land of
curses. Why should a father spend a
life time of labor to eke out a scant liv
ing, when half the work in this state
would make him the owner of 160 acres
with an income of several dollars? Why
should he bring up his sons to plod in
the same hard path, when they could
be land holders, respected citizens and
nobl& men in a better country? Why
should he bring up his daughters in
that unhallowed land of shame when
they could be cultured, pure and re
fined ladies and the queens of happy
homes? If fll the stories of hardships,
murders and injustice, told of the South
are true where is the wisdom in stay
ing there? What is to be gained? Re
cently a number of Colored men lost
their lives in a strife for wages averag
ing $3 per week. Was not this rash
bravery, was it not ignorant reckless
ness? Why should men risk their lives
for $3 per week in one state, when they
could make $9 to $12 in another state
without vny risk? Our theory is this,
let courage be guided by wisdom and
no citizen of America can have just
cause of complaint. So long as the Col
ored people huddle in the cabins and
cotton fields of the South, they place
themselves beyond the sympathy of
their true friends. If the Colored man
really desires to become a worthy part
of the citizenship of America, he should
have sense enough to go where he has a
chance to grow. They who urge the
Colored man to stay in the South and
fight it out, are short sighted and should
not be heeded. W hy should the Color
ed people of the South risk their lives
and sacrifice thousands lives in a
bootless contention for something,
which if attained, would be inferior to
what they could have by the mere oc
cupying by going to God's country.
The Protective and Industrial Bureau
intends to place their thoughts before
the maltreated people of the south, and
hopes within a few years to have located
at leat ten thousand Colored men of
nerve and judgment in Minnesota,
where a man is a man. In Minnesota
every man has his political rights most
jealously guarded, suffers no serious in
convenience from a lack of civil riutits
and privileges, has the same opportun
ities of rearing a family with every ad
vantage as have the whites.
If one million Colored people came
to Minnesota th's year, in three years
time, every one of them who had ordi
nary energy and ability would be in a
good condition. But the rice lacks in
telligent leaders, the so called leaders
are either ignorant or else simply man
ipulate the means to attain selfish ends
The Moses' st in tha South and risk
their lives for a bone, when a Bumptious
meal is awaiting them in the Northwest,
In ten years, however, about ten
thousand of the race have come to Min
nesota, and many of them are now well
to do, while all are prospering nicely.
During the past three years nearly 30,-
000,000 acres of land have been entered
in the six Northwestern states and ter
Within a few years Dakota has been
built up and is now dotted with pros
perous towns and cities, while thous
ands erst while, poor men in other
states, are now independant farmers or
The bureau is seeking to locate about
50,000 acres of land, the secretary is
now in correspondence with land offi
cials holding public lands and also with
land commissioners of some North
western railloads. As soon as suitable
locations are found, the bureau will
proceed to investigate and enter into
control of lands chosen, and proceed to
organize colonies in the South, to occu
py the lands, in which undertaking they
feel confident that thev will have ample
financial backing. The bureau enters
into the enterprise with no small end in
view. Should thev successfully carry
out their aims in settling the first 50,-
000 acres, they will proceed to a
thorough and extensive canvas of the
whole West. Every enterprising Col
ored man in the state should write to
J. Q. Adams, of St. Paul, an I procure a
copy of the constitution, and join our
league. T. H. Lyles is president of the
league, and intends to push the work
until 3.000 members are enrolled. F. D.
Parker is president of the bureau and
will push his department to the front,
and in one year he, together with h*s
co-laborers, will have accomplished one
of the grandest achievments of the
J. M. HENDIRSOJT. gJlpt
Our Fair Correspondent Front
The Future Grea t, Once
More to the Front.
A Very Nice Letter.
Now that the great social event of the
season. The Home Club's annual ball
is past. Society is patiently gliding
through another lull, prepartory to the
Christmas festivities. The Home Club
people utterly surpassed themselves in
the management of this entertainment.
Space and time-will not permit any un
dertaking to describe the rich toilets.
When it is known that Home Club em
braces the young representatives of our
best families, it is enough to guarantee
the tastefullness and elegance of the
rare toilets displayed on this occasion.
Butler's famous reed band dispensed
charming music, to whose giddy strains
the young and happy throng danced
until the wee sma' hours, save the in
terval in which one of the richest re
past that ever tempted the appetites of
weary dancer was made to disappear.
Keen appetites being appeased, danc
ing was resumed and lasted until the
gray dawn announced the hour of rest
to grceful movements and tireless feet
had come. Thev know how to do it,
and the did it well. Among the dis
tinguished guests were Messrs. Alfred
White and lady, Samuel Mordecai and
lady, Edward S. Williams and lady,
Arthur D. Langston and htdy, Mr. R.
Hickman and lady, Miss Clothilde
Dora, Estelle Hickman and Edith V.
The Idle Hour Literary organization
holds its regula monthly meeting at
Mrs. C. C. Holms. Mrs. Holms is a
capital entertainer and the society an
ticipates a Jare treat on that eve. This
same public spirited little hostess has
thrown ajar her doors for the good peo
ple of the W. C. T. U., who will, on
Thursday next,give a social at her hand
Mr. Griffin, of Sedalia, Mo., will
spend his holidays in St. Louis.
It is a regretted fact that during the
festivity week, which is upon us, we
are to lose the society of one of our
belles. Miss Edie V. Mordecai is to ac
company Mr. and Mrs. A. D. Langston
to Nashville, Tenn., to spend the holi
A. M. IS. Church Notes.
The congregation of St. Jamea church
is constantly growing larger, Inch fact
is an evidence that refinment and pro
gressiveness are appreciated. As our
churches begin to take high rank, more
and more they draw to themselves the
support of tbe better element of the
The theme of the morning sermon
was "angels," Outlines: First, they
are a distinct order of beings. Second,
their office is simply to act as Divine
messengers. Third, they are not per
sonified agencies of providence, but
real entities. Fourth, in ancient dajs
they bodily appeared to men, though
we may not see them now, we should
believe that they still* exist, and con
tinue as God's ministers and men's
guardians. At night the theme was
"The means and methods of Divine
Communication." First, the mind
takes cognizance of objective realitv by
of the bodily machinery. Second, but
the spirit takes cognizance of spiritual
things by means of spiritual powers as
yet not understood. Third, spirit may
commune with spirit, and the Hoh
Spirit does hold direct communication
with the spirit of man. Fourth, God
communes with man through the scrip
tures and the events of life, by eulight
ening the mind and enabling it to
spiritually perceive. Also by direct
means, such as the sueden flasing of in
tuitions, cod^cientious convictions and
Rev. D. P. Brown, son of Bishop
Brown, will be present at the book re
ception Wednesday evening. Rev.
Brown is pastor of the church at Kv
anston, Illinois, and is a young man of
talent, culture and promising ability,
one of the few model young ministers.
Mars Lodge, No. 2,202, G. U. O.
The above named lodge will give a
grand panorama and musical entertain
ment at Turner hall, Tuesday evening.
Dec. 27th. The panoramic views will
be given by Mr. E. A. Bromley, who
will also give an interesting descriptive
lecture in connection with the same.
Tne concert program will be under the
direction of Mr. F. 1) Parker who has
secured the best local talent, together
with the popular twin city quartette,
who never fail to please with their mirth
provoking melodies, and who are now
better than ever. The orchestral music
will be given bv the Grand Opera
House Orchestra, a treat never before
enjoyed by the public at an entertain
ment of rbis kind. Thus presenting
three separate entertainments in one,
and for all this there will be one ticket
of admission which will entitle the
holder to the enjoyment of the entire
procram. Each lady attending this en*
tertainment will be presented with a
coupon that will allow her a chance in
the drawing for a dozen cabinet photo
graphs by a popular artist. Come early
and bring your childmn secure good
seats and avoid the rush. Admission
fifty cents* children under 12,25 cents.
TO SEE THEM IS TO BUY.
W^LOOkl LOOK! LOOK!
$200,000 worth of Fine Tailor Made
Winter Suits, Overcoats and Trowsers
at LOW PRICES.
BOSTON One Price Clothing-House,
Cor. Third and Robert Streets, ST. PAUL
JOS. McKEY, & Co.
The Finest Clothing House in the West.
Our line of medium priced Chamber aud Parlor Furniture cannot be excelled
in the City. We make a speciality of this grade of goods. If you are needing
anything in this line call and see our Antique and Mahogany Chamber suits, Par
lor Suits, Extension Table, Etc., Etc.
THIRTY-ONE. SOUTH FIFTH STREET, MINNEAPOLI
207, NICOLLET AVENUE, and 323, WASHINGTON AVENUE, SOUTH.
The Largest Household Goods Establishment West of Chicago. We can fit
your house up freru cellar to garret. We make a speciality of medium and Low
Priced Goods. People going to house-keeping will do well to give ue a call. We
carry a full line of Second-hand Household Goods, as well as new, and we wil)
give you Prices that no other house can compete with. Give us a call, as it is ne
trouble te shew goods.
We have FINE NEW LINES of Goods throughout, having cleaned out a
OLD STOCK in our Fire sale. Our fine, warm Felt Goods are worthy of examin-
ation. Our prices are as low as First Quality Goods can be sold for. We are
Strictly One Priced.
NEXSEN & WILLIAMS.
327, Nicollet Avenue, Minneapolis.
FRANK A. STEVENS,
312, HENNEPIN AVENUE, MINNEAPOLIS.
Refrigerators, Oil Stoves, Ranges, Tinware. Furnaces
Fine Household Articles, Roofing Spouting and Metal Work.
Heal Estate, Loans
ROOM I 284. (HKNNIPIH AVEflUI, MINNUFOU*