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MTHffl) A PQSTIFnCE 13 SECOIB-eUSSIimX
This paper is for sale by: v,
C. WALDON, 108, Fifth street, St. Paul.
CHAS.LANDKK, 111, HarrisonSt., Chicago.
R* S. BRYANT, 446, S. State St., Chicago.
The Conservator still refuses to catch
on, and vehemently disclaims its ability
.to see the point in our criticism. We
respect our contemporary for many rea
sons the Conservator is beginning to
be something, it is taking positive
grounds on living questions it is show
ing business tact and makes money, it is
not what it was but is beginning to
of some force in candor, we add this
favorable comment to our rather severe
criticism of the Conservator of yore
but in the present attitude of the Con
servator we see danger ahead. Our
brethren are bewitched of the fair
promises of some long haired temper
ance crank. Thus beguiled, they have
sailed in on the prohibition question
they have connected themselves to its
platform, they have championed it
an issue, that far they are alright, but
evidently they have been beguiled into
the championship all the issues of which
they are not prepared to face. This is
the evil of hasty and inconsiderate ac
tion, had they stopped to think, beiore
entering upon the fight for prohibition,
they would have discovered that it
placed them in antagonism with Color"
ed saloons and Colored drunkards.
Now, if they are not prepare*! to accept
the situation and light the battle like
men who are deadly in earnest they
should back down and draw oui. The
Conservator is a Colored paper, its
work is among Colored people. The
advocates of prohibition among the
whites supplement their efforts by tem
perance organizations, and these organ
izations are white and contain no rep
resentative of the Colored people and
exert no influence over the Colored
people. The Conservator stands as
the sole representative champion of
prohibition among the Colored folks,
and it relies solely upon its editorials in
endeavoring to advocate the cause. Its
editorials are no more nor no less than
loud voiced discharges of trashy gen
eralities, aimed *t nothing but the ear
of the long haired temperance crank
aforesaid, who is supposed to represent
so much money or preferment held in
reserve for the Conservator in case the
prohibs climb into power by political
means and methods. If the motive
for advocating temperance finds its
foundation in the moral natnre of (he
question, and if high and benevolent
motives are the incentive then should
the Conservator be willing to risk its
very existence and enter uncompromis
ingly in the fight and stand before the
world as a clean and clear cut temper
ance sheet. We do not chum to be a
prohibition organ, if we were, then
eur fight would begin upon our enemy
in his stronghold, but not being able to
see our way clear to make a valiant
fight, we refuse to straddle the fence
and cut up ridiculous didoes ior the
sake of any little offer of helpjlllt
sounds strange to hear a Colored paper
cant ogainst the color line being drawn
in an issue which it advocates only
among Colored people, however, not
withstanding the fact that our friends so
staunchly denounce temperance work
among the Colored people, we are
pleased to notice that Colored Metho
dist ministers of Chicago have gathered
together and appointed a located
preacher as temperance evangelist.
Our criticism has done that much good
With tbe isbue of to-day our patrons
receive the fifty-third copy of the AP-
they rented, which they can call their
own. We have not heardvof any who
have lost their property, or who are in
a worse financial conjition to-day, than
-they were one year ago. There nevei
haa been a year in which the Colored
people of the Northwest have been call
ed upon to.give of their means tw so1
many benevolent, christian or oharit
able objects as the one closing, with to
day. Yet, they have"responded nobly
on every occasion. The two magnifi
cent churches, both of which have been
completed during the year, stand as
monuments of the liberality of our peo
ple, and as evidence of our material
prosperity and progress. The propor
tion of the crimes and misdemeanors
committed by the Colored people com
pared to the population is very small in
deed pie has been remarkably good for a
population made up with people from
all parte of the United States. True
the weather is quite cold sometimes,
but we seem to become acclimated with
wonderful ease and rapidity and our
general health is as good as it ever was
on our native soil. We are all of us en
gaged in some sort of occupation where
by we can earn our daily bread, and
while some are not so well situated as
we would like to be, we certainly should
God that things are no worse.
The new year which dawns to-morrow
will be an eventful one, and the peace
and quiet which has been ours during
the off political year just closing will be
changed for the bustle and activity of
political warfare. The national conflict
which occurs next November will have
more importance attached to it than
any that has occurred in twenty years,
and will be waged with stubborness on
sides. Then we have a few local
contests tp look, after which will bring
out the politicians, open up the "bar'ls"
and make glad the hearts of the politi
cal bums. The prospect for a lively
year is bright and we wish our readers,
one and ail, a. Happy New Year and
many of them.
No doubt the words of the secretary
of the Protective and Industrial Bu
reau will sound somewhat Utopian to
many of our readers, yet calm and care
ful consideration reveals the feasibility
of all he claims Much more stupen
dous undertakings have been success
fully carried out, right before our eyes
in this state during the past ten years/
While some of us here have found it
all we could do to make a living and
buy us a little home, others, of the
white race, have started in without a
cent and are now worth a million, they
have not worked any harder than we
have, but they have had the grit to en
ter into big enterprises and have had
the ability to succeed. Many Colored
men have accumulated no insignificant
amounts. We do not doubt that there
are men of our race in this state who
have the ability to accomplish all the
secretary suggests. Now is the time
for strong men to come to the Iront.
This is not the first time the gentleman
has been engaged in this very work
and judging from the success which at
tended his previous efforts, we believe
he knows what he is talking about.
The annual meeting of the Minnesota
State Agricultural Society will convene
in this city, Tuesday Jan. 10th. The ob
jects of the meeting are, "The Ad
vancement of Agricultural,\Horticultur
al and the Mechanical and Household
Arts," and to elect a president, two vice
presidents and two managers. There
will be several interesting lectures and
addresses upon proper topics. The so
ciety now.owns the finest, best located
and most amply equipped state fair
grounds in the United States, which are
worth more than half a million of dol
lars. The meeting will doubtless be
interesting one. [g^|ggg|
ST. PAUL"3 MI
PBAL for 1887. During the 'year there
have been many change*amongjus, b$f
we have been wonderfully- blessed- in
every way. Few have diea% fewer still -guile the innocent and. unwary wittx
have married, and a number have been
born* Quite* number who lived in
rented houses on the last day of last
The Philadelphia Sentinel celebrated
Christmas by issuing a double number,
cut and pasted and elaborately illus
trated. In this issue are also given
brief sketches of a number of the Col
ored men of the city, which show the
wonderful progress we are making.
The time was, a few years back, that
Colored journals did not amount to
much, but now they exhibit a wonder
amount of enterprise and prove to beto
up to the times in every respect. We
are always gladto see these^evidence*of
prosperity and progress,
-The Herald of Philadelphia- Lum.
Smith, editor and proprietor, is still
nuking it warm for the frauds who be-
'their bogus advertisementeand rake in.
t^ir shekels. The Herald isooly fifty
cents per year, and no better, invest-
year, now reside in nouses tbanUient can be made than, to subscribed
for. it, as it may be the means., qf^savin
many dollars for you.
The New Year being leap- year- the
girls will have a chance to pop to? bash
I We are having pretty good Ice Palace
weather now, and no mistake.
The Protective OJJ4 J^duatria)
No organization ever formed among
Colored men could boast of so fair a
prospect of achieving so much material
ami practical good lor the race, as can
the recently formed league. If backed
by the sympathy and support of the
six thousand prosperous Colored citi
zens of Minnesota, it can find ready ac
cession to any quantity of fertile farm
ing lands capable of sustaining colonies
of thousands from the South. Should.
The general health of our peo-^s leaders prove to be men who are un
selfishly devoted ta the cause they have
undertaken, and should the Colored
citizens stand loyally to their support,
no difliculy will be experienced. in se
curing all the financial backing neces
sary to carry into successful execution
the immigration feature. Minnesota
has millions of acres of land of unsur
pasased fertility, also has unparalleled
fofests. Claims may be taken up where
the settlers can earn good wages the
whole winter, by cutting timber for the
railroads.Assoonasan incorporation has
been efiected,one of the first thingsto do
will be to negotiate for favorable tracts
of land which the bureau should hold
for settlement then means should be
provided and a number of competent
men sent in the South to form colonies,
so that in a short time, at least five
thousaud persons shall be here, settled
upon the land and another year should
witness the advent of five or ten
thousand more. Discerning Colored
capitalists need not ponder long to see
their way clear to immense fortunes.
Small farmers in the South who, dur
ing a life time of labor, have not been
able to accumulate more than $500, can
readily find in this an opportunity to
realize the fulfillment of their fondest
The undertaking is a mammoth one,
but its every feature is feasible and its
every detail easy of accomplishment, if
it enlists in its support the unselfish
and earnest efforts of competent men.
At the present rapid rate of progress,
twenty years more will find Minnesota
filled up with people now id the time
for the race to get in their work. If we
fail, ten years from now we will be
saying, like many of the old residents
of St. Paul now say, "if I only had
known how it was going to turn out, I
could have owned fortunes in real es-
tate." This after wisdom is the capital
of fools, forethought and prompt action
makes the fortunes of wise men. Let
urhe awake to the opportunities of to
day and enter heart and soul upon the
work before us. Five thousand dollars
judiciously invested within the coming
two years, will represent one million
before two decades have passed away.
Five hundred dollars and five years ot
labor is equivalent to 160 acres of land,
a good house, abundant stock, a good
bank account, and a comfortable happy
home in a free state and a land of liber-'
ty. Let the success of Nicodemus coun
ty, Kansas, be our encouragement and
fet us be inspired to undertake, in the
hfdre favorable climate and circum4
stances of Minnesota, a far greater en
deavor. Minnesota being so remote
from the South, will escape the incom
ing^, drifters and be blessed with only
the hardier and bolder represnta
tivesof the race. What we want are
thoughtful men, men who deliberate
first, men who having once begun will
not back down. ,sv&"i 'f
$- Yours for the cause,
'A Colored shoemaker, in Memphis,
Tonn., recently drew |5,000 from the
Edward Wilmot Blyden is perhaps
tho ablest Negro in the world. He can
read the Koran in Arabic, the Bible in
Hebrew, Homer in Greek, Virgil in
Latin, Shakespeare in English and
Dante in Italian. Though, a native of
the island of St.Thomas.be was brought
lipftn Monrovia, Liberia, and there, by
his unusual literary ability, he has at
tracted attention to himself as the
champion of a Negro civilization that
shall'be coterminous with the limits of
the. Dark Continent. Blyden contro
verts the idea of Winwood Beed that
the the natives in Afiica will* disappear
before, the whites, as the Indians did in
America. The climate will save them,
and, instead of being destroyed by the
Europeans, they will be civilized by the
efforts now being made to open Africa
to commerce and settlement. To Bly
den the Anglo-Saxon is hard ot heart
and strong of will, while the Negro is a
child of love and suffering. Blyden is a
complete know-nothing, and his cry is,
"Africa for the Africans." He is likelv
have few to oppose him in this mat
ter, for not even the children of Arfri-
to remain there if they have
to get away. --t
cancnised in America can be induced Henderson is also the author of "Black
Labor/' "His Own Daughter," "Tradi
Fablesof the Negro" and "A
our State Prison,
Uwas passed by
ied by McFarlaudi
rCbrttaas service in the Minne
sota state pr&pn at Stillwater was open
ed-by an jwuthem: sung by the prison
choaKiiltor the prayer by the chaplain,
thVKev. J.H,Albert, the choir from the
Congregauoual church sang an' anthem,
alter wnujh the Misses Wolf song the
well known duet trom Maritana, "Holy
Mother (idide His Footsteps." Stale
tieiuitorjlWunt then addressed the in
matesrtoueinu on th subject of the
here, he said
that would not endorse them, touching
upon our present condition, said, tout
many of us were doubtless living in ex
pectation of a pardon. The foundation
of every pardon was good conduct
here.' He desired to state that he was
a.friend of every man here and that if
any one wished to see him, by sending
him word, he would respond at once.
He closed his remarks by wishing us ail
a merry Christmas. Pline E. Bennett
then gave in a very realistic manner a
character recitation, entitled*?"'-''The
Vagabonds." After another anthem by
the choir, Mr. A. T. Lindholm recited a
piece of his own composition, "On the
Ocean." After a.piano solo by Prof.
Sebzifandt, Miss Mabel Boiles recited
"How he saved St. Michael's," the reci
tation was exceedingly well delivered
and met with hearty appreciation. Mr.
John Smith then sang "Oh Fair Dove,"
alter which Mr. V. C. Seward recited
Orpheus and Kurydice after a piano
solo by Miss Ehune Anderson, Mr. H.
H. Heart, the secretary of the Board of
Charities, then spoke of the organiza
tion that is nearly effected for the pur
pose of providing employment for dis
charged prisoners. Alter explaining
this matter fully, he related a case of a
friend of his who went out into Mon
tana, who got into bad company and
finally committed a crime, was sent to
prison for a term of years.?- Through
the exertions of Mr. Heart and a num
ber of others a pardon was obtained,
and the young man returned home.
Detirmined to retrieve his lost reputa
tion, and it is my pleasure this morning
to say, that after a long, bitter struggle,
for years, he is now a respected and
honored member of the community in
which he lives. I have merely told
vou of this young man to show you that
there is hope in the future for each one
of you. It will be a struggle, but the
goal is beyond all price. The Congre
gational choir then sang a secular piece
entitled "Oh Moses." Warden Stor
dock then spoke very briefi}', referr'ng
to what Senator Durant said about par
dons, he wished us te remember the
pardon that was granted to us all, near
ly, nineteen hundred years ago. As the
years of eternity rolled on in the dis
tant future a temporal pardon would
matter little. But a heayanly pardon
this is free to all who will accept. This
is the one to determine whether we
will be free men for all ages or doomed
to eternal punishment.|s SThat is the
pardon that we should seek the most
for. Mr. Stordoek congratulated the
inmates on thJ Fourth of July and
Thanksgiving day, and also spoke of
the etnertainments that, had been, and
would in the future be given us, if our
conduct would warrant it, and he fully
believed it would. He closed by- wish-
ing usa merry Christmas. The entire
audience then joined in singing, "All
Hail the Power of Jesus' Name."" The
benediction was pronounced and the
inmates marched to their cells to enjoy
good dinner, consisting of escalloped
oysters, cold slaw, biscuit, coffee, apples
^thatthere Waono liberal minded
A Good Book by a. Colored
There has been placed in our office
for sale a number of copies of the
"Black Man and His Descendants," a
neat little book written by Rev. J. M.
Henderson. It was written last year
and has met with very flattering success,
considering the fact that it was designed
only for local sale, and was sold for the
benefit of a church, of which the au
thor was the pastor. We have not
copies enough to supply all who should
read this production, but those who ap
ply in time will become the posessors of
a book truly strong and good. The first
topic discussed is "The Unique Element
in the Commonwealth of the United
States", the second is "Clannishness
third "The Struggle Against Many
Odds fourth, "The Race Prejudice
fifth, "The Evils for which Race and
Color Prejudice are Accountable sixth,
"What is the Destiny of the Africo
Caucasion?"* Seventh, "What is the
Demand of the Hour?" Under these
seven heads the race question is briefly
bnt fearlessly discussed those who are
acquainted with the author are well
aware, that if once aroused to consider a
question, he does it with ungloved
hands. While we would not wish to
express ourselves as unqualifiedly en
dorsing all that this book claims and
argues for,yet we can candidly say to
our readers, that it is fair, logical, vigor
ous, broad andmanly. No Colored per
son after having once read it, will fail
to take a more hopeful view of the race,
and feel renewed self respect. Bev.
NN., DECEMBERS f? l887.
^Eoot dotT^fl)rv^ Grating' He has
been a well paid correspondent to vari
ous prominent journals, and at present
iapreparing for-tfe press,' a* romance
entitled "Boband a Million?' The Black
Man and? His Descendants is a neat
phamphlet'of 16 pages and sells for. 25,
cents. By sending us the ampunt in
postage stamps or by- .postal-note witf
your address, it.will^be forwarded to
you by return mail, copies caa^also be
purchased at the bariter shop of S^ C.
Waldon on Fifth street..
A. M. E. Church Fair
The fair which had run of seven
nightsat the Old Swedenborgtan church
was the most successful undertaking ev
er inaugurated in this city. The gen
eral and special decorations
were very elaborate, beautiful and
attractive. The ladies in charge were
indefatigable in their laborsand the pub
lic responded to their calls most noblj*.
Every evening saw the church crowded
to overflowing with a merry liberal
throng. The musical and literary pro
gram each night was well rendered,and
the fair in every particular was a grand
success. The grand finale Monday
night attracted an immense concourse
of people from all parts of the city and
a fair contingent from Minneapolis. All
were eager to learn the result of the
different contests for prizes which -were
FINE FRENCH I)0LL.
Emma Glover, $22.14.
Jessie Williams. 18.39.
Bernice Alston 15.20.
.V Total, '?_ $55.73.
SMALL "BOYS OVERCOA'r.
Harvey Jackson, $11.13.
Philip Scroggins, 5.75.'
S. Harris, 2.00.
LARGE BOYS OVEHCOAT.
Artrudal Lee, $7.65.
Harry Black, 2.67.
Jesse Bowman, ^.75.
GIRLS GOLD WATCH.
LADIES GOLD WATCH.
MINK FUR OVERCOAT.
Thos. H. Griswold,
M. D. Pettis,
Jasper Gibbs, ,v
Prizes were awarded to each contest
ent according to the amount collected
first, second or third as the case war
ranted. In the contest for the mink
overcoat both Major Pettis and Mr.
Griswold did so well that the committee
awarded mink coats to both.
Oliver Allen held the lucky number
213 and was awarded the handsome
Queen Anne rocker.
The ladies of the fair purchased a
beautiful-natural seal overcoat winch
was presented to Rev. J. M. Henderson
for a Christmas gift. Tbe Christmas tree
exercises by the children of the school
were well rendered and their hearts
were made glad by numerous presents
from parents and friends. The fair was
a grand success. The total amount
taken in during the week was some
thing over $1,300. What church can
The members of the committee ten
der their heartfelt thanks to tbe differ
ent persons who labored so earnestly
and who contributed so liberally toward
makiDg the fair a success.
SS Tlie Carnival Program
The change in the weather has had
the effect of inspiring the directors with
renewed enthusiasm and they promise
"the greatest show on earth." The
hauling of ice has begun and the palace
is to be more elaborate than the two we
have had. The pyrotechnic displays
are to be the grandest ever seen and
are being especially manufactured for
the carnival. The following is the pro
WednesdayfJan. 251Formal opening
of the Carnival Park at 11 a. m. with
appropriate ceremonies. Arrival of tne
Ice King by rail at 7:30 p. m., and re
ception and parade, starting a 8 p. m.
Thursday, Jan. 26.Equipage display
Friday, Jan. 27.First storming of the
Saturday, Jan. 28.-^Children's_ day
with procession. t'^^-rT^y^K^Jli-UjM
Sundav^Jan. 29.Special services at
all the churches. Fine jiusic and free
Monday, Jan. 30.--Procession of old
settlers and Indians..
Tuesday, Jan. 31.Day parade of
clubs and floats. gg|
Wednesday, Feb. 1.Trades and In
Thursday, Feb. 2.Minneapolis day.
Second storming of the Ice Palace.
Friday, Feb. 3.Second equipage dis
play and floatsfn'.
Saturday, Feb. 4.-To be arranged
First Sergeant William Staney, of
Troop F. Ninth Cavalry, Colored, while
riding from Crawford to Fort Robinson,
Neb., was shot and instantly killed.
Tbe sergeant was a strict, disciplinarian,
and it is thought that he was murdered
by some member ot his troop whom'he
had corrected. The dead sergeant was
considered one of the most capable
non-commissioned officers in the ser
vice. He had been awarded a medal
by congress for rescuing children from,
the Indians. 1
TO SEE THEM IS TO BUY.
$4.50 PER: YEAR.
LOOKI LOOKI LOOKI
$200,000 worth of Fine Tailor Made
Winter Suits, Overcoats and Trowsers
at LOW PRICES.
BOSTON One Price Ming-House,
Cor. Third.and Robert Streets, ST. PAUL
JOS. McKEY, A Co.
The Finest Clothing House in the West.
Our line of medium priced Chamber and Parlor Furniture cannot be excelled
in the City. We make a speciality of this grade of goods. If you are needing
anything in this line call and see our Antique and Mahogany Chamber suits, Par-
lor Suits, Extension Table, Etc., Etc.
THIRTY-ONE. SOOTH FIFTH STREET, MINNEAPOLIS
207/NICOLLET AVENUE, and 823, WASHINGTON AVENUE, SOUTM.
The Largest FoesehoM Goods Establishment West of Chicago. We eaa ft
/oar house up from cellar to garret. We make a speciality of medium and Low
Priced Goods. People going te house-keeping will do well to give a calL We
carry a full line of Second-hand Household Goods, as well as new, and we wis)
give-you Prices that no other house can compete with. Give maftcall, as it ae
trouble te skew goods.
We have FINE NEW LINES of Goods throughout, having cleaned out a
OLD STOCK in. our Fire sale. Our fine, warm Felt Goods are worthy of examin-
ation. Our prices are as low astfirst Quality Goods can be sold for. We are
Strictly One Priced.
NEXSE^ & WILLIAMS.
^5*327, Nicollet Avenue, Minneapolis.
^^^g 312 .^HENNEPIN AVENUE,
Refrigerators, Oil Stoves, Rim
is Fins HsntkoM Articles, Roofing Spurting and Meta Work if
(HENMIPia AVEMUB, MINHKAMUt