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W'KOTBBN APPEAL PlTOXJSBXBO CoKpAOTf.
5T. PAUL, MDTN.
THE first ten miles of the Panama
canal oil the Atlantic end Is declared
open for navigation.
PROJP. E. STONE WIGGINS says that
the next earthquake period in this
country will begin August 19, 1904.
A LOW estimate puts the number of
persons supported by all the forms of
employment furnished by electricity at
A NEW YOBK: correspondent asserts
that there are fifty widows in that city
with fortunes ranging from $1,000,-
000 to $16,000,000.
IT is estimated that the Chinese mer
chants of New York pay the United
States Government over $2,500,000 per
year for duties on imported goods.
A FIDD LE one hundred years old has
been presented to Governor Taylor, of
Tennessee, who fiddled himself into
office in a contest with his Republican
CROWDS of people recently crossed
the Hudson river on the ice from
Yonkers to thu New Jersey shore Th
feat had not been performed before
since the winter of 1879.
MK S. MARIA BARPON will not write
any more books except for pleasure.
Her claim to Mexican property worth
$6,000,000 has just been decided in her
favor after eighteen years of hard
C. M. LOOMIS, ot New Haveu, Conn.,
recently asserted that in the last
twenty-five years he had sold more
than thirteen thousand pianos.
h:is sinco appealed to the authorities
RUNAWAY mairiages are not popu
lar in Russia. A young girl has been
sent to prison for four months, and
will lose her share in the family prop
erty because she married without the
DAVID DAY, the hermit of Green
Pond Mountain, was lately found dead
in his cabin near Middle town, N. Y.
Ho was seventy years old, and for
thirty-five years had lived alone in a
miserable old hoveL It was a case of
THE Electric Club rooms in New
York City were formally opened to
members and guests the other night.
A number of electric contrivances were
in motion. Doors were opened, safes
unlocked, steaks and chops cooked
and docks were moved, all by elec
FRANCIS MURPHY, it is said, intends
to enter the ministry if the conference
of the Methodist church will accept
h.m. alieacly has a license as a
local preacher, inch v, as granted him
the Erie (Pa. couierence of the
Methodist Episcopal church before he
went to Europe.
LATE ST advices from China estimate
the total loss of human life by the
great flood that submerged one of its
chief and most pojHilous provinces in
December last at seven million. It
was tho most disastrous overflow
known in tho history of the world
since the great Deluge of the Bible.
EIGHTEEN State prisoners in Russia,
under sentence of death for having be
longed to a secret society with bombs
and a printing-press its possession,
had their sentences commuted to vary
ing terms of banishment and imprison
ment Among them were a nobleman,
Cossack Captain and four women.
JAIL officials of Dayton, Tenn., hit
upon a novel way of punishing runa
ay prisoners. Silas Blanchard and
his wife, Alice, convicted of burglary,
escaped, but -were recaptured at Stev
enson, seventy-five miles away. A a
hint to beha\ better in future they
were made to walk back the entire dis
THE Washington Critic drops into
leap-year poetry as follows
We do not hesitate to st8
Is something very choice and grS,
For ladies who desire to m8.
And when they meet their proper f8,
You bet we don't exaggerate
When boldly we asse\er8
That not a woman will be 18
In gobbling up the tempting b8.
CAPTAIN GEORGE B. LEAVITT, of
Deenng, Me., who ha3 passed two win
ters at Point Barrow, in the Arctic
Ocean, thus desciibes the climate there
"In the summer months, whieh are
July and August only, butterflies and
bumblebees are common here. These
are not the only insects to be found at
this point flies are plentiful, and mos
quitoes are so numerous and large
that they drive herds of deer into the
water for shelter from their torment.
This may seem a little drawn for an
Arctic story, nevertheless it is strictly
I is injurious to rub the eyes while
inflamed by the cutting winter winds
and the dust raised thereby, and equal
ly so to bathe them and go out im
mediately again in the air, as then
there is danger of catching a cold. A
prominent optician declares that most
of the eye troubles at this season are
caused by imprudence in rubbing and
bathing. also says that in rubbing
the eyes the tear-line from the outside
to the nose should be followed, though
the majority pass the fingers from the
inside out which, ho asserts, affects
WHEN the first vessel completed the
passage of the then new Erie canal, in
1826, there being no such thing as a
telegraph, tho ne ws was communicated
to Now York and to Buffalo by cannon
placed within hearing of each other
from Albany to each of the other cities.
The signal was passed along in this
way from Albany to New York and
back again to Albany in fifty-eight
minutes. This is quicker than a mes
sage can be sent over the same route
and answered now, considering the
time usually consumed in the delivery
t* I. ZMmsffim
Epitome of the Week.
INTERESTING NEWS COMPILATION.
^s FIFTIETH CONGRESS,
FBTDAY, Feb 3The Senate was not In
session. In the Boose a bill was re
ported which prescribes the death penalty
for willfully casting away a ship with in
tent to defraud the underwriters. The
Committee on War Claims has agreed to re
port favorably the bill to reimburse the sev
eral States for interest on money expended
by them on account of raising troops em
ployed in, aiding the United States in sap
pressing the late rebellion.
SATURDAY, Feb. 4.The Senate was not
sees on. In the House the consideration
of the Lowry-WMte contested eleotion case
occupied the session, Mr. Cookran (Dem.)
New York, making a strong Bpeech in favor
of Mr. White, who is a Bepublican, retaining
his seat No vote was taken.
MONDAY, Feb. 6.In the Senate the
time was mostly occupied by Senator Piatt
(Conn.) in a speech critic zing the Presi
dent's message and charactenz'n it as a
free-trade document. The bill to amend
the postal laws so that newspapers now
sent free of postage to persons residing
within the count of publication maybe
sent to persons living in other counties
when they receive them at post-offices
within the county of publication was
passed. In the House Speaker Carlisle re
sumed his dutiea The Lowry-White con
test was decided in favor of White, the
sitting member, by a vote of 187 to
105, forty-seven Democrats voting with the
Bepublicana Bills were introduced to refund
United States four per cent bonds into
two and oue-holf per cent bonds to di
vide the surplus money in the Treasury on
the 1st of January, 1838, among the sev
eral States and Territories, to be used iu
aid of the common schools to extend the
commerce of the United S.ates, and to pro
vide a full reciprocity between the United
States and the Dominion of Canada to pro
tect the consumers of butter by requiring
wholebale dealers to pay an annual tax of
$500 and retail dealers to pay an annu 1
tax of $1. Also to repeal the oleomargarine
TUESDAY, Feb 7 Bills were intro
duced in the Senate providing that all sol
diers who served at least ninety days in the
late war, and were honorably mustered
oat or discharged, shall receive the same
bounty as if they had seived their full terms
of enlistment granting a bounty of $100 for
each year's enlistment to seamen who
enlisted in the navy between March 1,1861,
and March 5, 1863. and to amend the
mining laws of the United States so that no
person shall acquire more than one mining
claim, on the same vein. In the House the
Diplomatic and Consular bill, appropriating
$1,403,867, was reported also a bill to
provide for a Fourth Assistant Postmaster
General Bills were introduced to limit
the hours of labor of letter-carriers to set
tle and adjust the claims of any State
for expenses incurred by it de
fense ot the United States to dispense with
proof of loyalty for bounty for wars prior
to 186 Bills were passed providing for
the punishment of bank examiners for mak
ing false reports or suppressing facts in
their reports to amend the law prescribing
the death penalty for willfully casting away
vessels so as to allow punishment by flue or
imprisonment if there is no loss of life.
THERE were 28 0 business failures in the
United States during the seven days ended
on the 3d, against '268 the previous seven
PBESIDENT Cleveland on the 3d approved
and proruulgatpd a revision of the civd
service rules, which makes an office-holder
who levies political assessments or attempts
to coerce the opinions ot their subordi
nates liable to discharge Several other im
portant changes in the rules are also made
AT twenty-six leading clearing-hoasesin
the United States the exchanges during the
week ended on the 4th aggregerfed
$956,871,458, against $861,571,933 the
previous week. As compared with the corre
sponding week of 1887 the deorease
amounted 2 2 per cent
THE Government decided on the 4th to
arm all of the postal employes in charge of
mail matter on exposed Western routes,
the object Leing to put a stop to mail rob
IK the United States the fire losses during
January last were $13,320,885, against
$7,912,535 January, 1887 In the first
two days of this month nearly $2,000,000
worth of property was destroyed.
NEW YOBK advices ot the 3d were to the
effect thai the outlook for spring business
throughout the country was never better,
ani that trade was constantly on the in
crease, with an easy money market
STBIKIKO miners at Shenandoah, Pa, at
tacked non-union woikmen on the 3d, a
not followed, and in the fracas thiee men
were wounded, two fatally.
AT Shenandoah, Pa., another riot occurred
on the 4th between the men working in a
Bead ng mine and the strikers, and several
persons were badly beaten.
ON the New York, Pennsylvania Ohio
road a train was thrown from the track by
a broken frog on the 5th near Sieamburg,
N. Y., killing four men and one woman and
injuring ve others more or less severely.
ON the 5th an international six-day's
walking match, with forty-eight contest
ants, commenced in New York City.
IN several lodging-houses in New York
small-pox was discovered on the 4th, and
hundieds had been exposed to the disease.
AN explosion of mine gas occurred on the
4th at Slope No 1 at Nanticoke, Pa and
four men were fatally burned
ON the 6th the wife of Dr. Oliver Wendell
Holmes d.ed at the family residence in Bos
ton, aged sixty-nine years.
JOHN CKOWLEY, who occupied a prom
inent plioe in society in Boston, was on the
6th said to be a defaulter to the probable
amount of $75,000, mostly trust estates.
AT Titusville, Pa., Mrs. Sarah Stem, aged
seventy-nine years, accidentally hung her
self whde putting up a clothes-line on the
GEORGE Hm/s residence near Bolivia,
N Y., was destroyed by hre on the 6th and
Mrs Hill and two small children perished in
the flamea Mr. Hill was probably fatally
JUDQEHAND, of Pennsylvania, rendered
a decision on the 6th that the disagreement
of a ]ury in a murder trial precludes a sec
ond trial tor the same offense, the prisoner
having been once placed jeopardy. This
is contrary to all precedenta
THE failure of C. Farwell & Co boot
and shoe manufacturers at Danvers, Mass.
for $200,000, occurred on the 6th.
THE farm of Grote & Co., of New York,
manufacturers of ivory goods, failed on
the 7th for $411,000.
A LABOBEB named O'Neill, of Pittsburgh,
shot tnd killed his wife on the 7th and
then fatally shot himself through jealousy.
WEST AND SOUTH.
NEAB Long View, Ga., Hubbard Harrel. a
colored boy ten years old, was made drunk
by a party of men on the 3d, and going to
the home of his brother-in-law, James
Popo, killed three children
DUBTNO January the product of the Miohi
gan copper mines was 3,152 tons.
ON the 3d Governor Ogiesby was at the
State prison in Joliet, and accorded an in
terview to Fielden and Schwab, the Chi
cago Anarchists, who expressed their grati
tude to him for saving them from the gal
A COLORED former named Amos Grant,
living near Macon, Ga., murdered his wife,
his boy and hie wife's sister on the 3d and
then killed himself. Family troubles caused
EENST BBOCKOB, a thirteen-year-old Chi
cago boy, died in great agony on the 3d of
hydrophobia He was bitten by a dog a
A BonJEB explosion on the 4th in a saw
mill near Belmont, O, killed five men and
fatally injured two more.
DtJBiNQ the absence on the 4th of Lester
Singletary and his wife from their home
1 near Columbia, a a their house was de.
stroyed by fire, and the six children, who
were locked in the building, perished In the
On the-4thTines Hicks celebrated bis one
hundredth birthday at his home in White
hall, UL He was born on the James river,
Ta, February 4, 1788, and was one of
BoBQiiABs entered the jewelry Btore of
Chapman 4 Gale, at Norfolk, Ya,, early on
the morning of the 5th and stole property
valued at $30,000.
IN portions of Texas terrible mortality
among cattle was reported on the 4th.
THE store of Cahn, Wampold A Co, in the
business center of Chicago, was entered by
burglars on the 4th, who made way with
money and bonds to the value of $5,000.
A MEETING of the Republican clubs of
Illinois will be held at Springfield on the
8th of March.
ON the 4th Thomas Ellis, editor of the
Birmingham (Ala) Herald, was fatally shot
by Detective Sullivan for publishing a libeL
THE doors of the Metropolitan National
Bank of Cincinnati were closed on the 6th.
The bank's trouble was traced to the in
crease of stock from $500,000 to $1,000,-
000. It was thought depositors would be
paid in uIL
AT the dynamite works at Woodside,
Mich., an explosion on the 6th destroyed
two packing-houses and killed three men.
AN Iowa farmer named Charles Tierson,
living near Hamburg, shot and killed two
men on the 6th who were stealing his hogs,
and his neighbors talked of giving him a
gold watdh for breaking up the gang of
H. HALVEBSON, aged eighty-three years,
hung himself on the 6th under abridge at
Janesville, Wia He was partially insane.
DISPATCHES of the 6th say that the En
glish bark Aberoorn, with a cargo of iron
ore, was wrecked on the coast of Washing
ton Territory, and twenty lives were lost
The money loss was $125,000.
WILLIAM BALL on the 7th shot and killed
Miss Eva Everett at her home near Stewarts
vdle. Mo., because she refused to marry
him, and then killed himself.
ON the 7th four counterfeiters were ar
rested near Saline, 111, and a large amount
of spurious coin was secured.
ATPairmount, 111, five brothers named
Wise were arrested on the 7th on the charge
of numerous robberies.
AT the twelfth annual meeting in Dea
Moines on th3 7ch of the Iowa Temperance
Alliance the secietary stated that eight of
the eighteen district judges reported crime
lessened by the Prohibition law seventy
one oounties reported the law a success and
fourteen id it was a failure the effect
business was said to bo good by twenty-one
reports and bad by two, and twenty-four
saloons were reported to be in operation,
against three thousand when the law was
THE bursting of burrs on the 7th in a new
corn mill at Boadlands, I1L, killed John C,
Hays, a well-known farmer, and his son
Andrew, and two other persons were seri
IN Cincinnati on the 7th Judge Sage de
cided that bank directors are not criminally
liable for the acts of cashiers unless their
connection with the crime is definitely
W. J. GORDON'S famous trott'ng mare
Clemmie G., record 2:15, and valued at
$20,000, died on the 7th near Cleveland, 0.
THOMAS M. NORTON'S house at Anderson,
Ind., was blown to pieces by a natural gas
explosion on the 7th, instantly killing Fen.
ton Rogers and badly injuring Mrs. Norton
and her daughter.
ON the 7th William Means, president of
the Metropolitan National Bank of Cincin
nati, was arrested by Government officers,
oharged with violations of the banking lawa
ON the 3d Dr. Derby, a chemist, his wife
and six children were found dead in their
dwelling in Manchester, Eng It was sup
posed that they were poisoned by the man,
who was made desoerate by poverty.
IN Rome on the 3d Mgr Adam, of Cal
ifornia, presented the Pope a photograph
of Gabriel, an Indian Catholic, 140 yearB
old, for whom ho asked a speoial blessing.
BY an explosion, in a gunpowder factory
at Ham.u, Germauy,on the 5th four persons
SOLDIERS hred upon riotous striking min
ers on the 4'h at Huelva, Spam, and fitteen
of the miners were killed and many others
NEAELY one hundred Irishmen were ar
rested under the Crimes act in Ireland dur
ing the week ended on the 4th
PRINCE BISMARCK in a speech before the
Reichstag on the 6th in Berlin said he be
lieved the assuranoes of the Czir that there
would be no war, but Germany must be
prepared for any emergency.
SEVENTEEN families left the Ottawa Con
sular district during January to settle in
the United States.
SHANGHAI advices of the 7th say that
nearly two million persons were utterly
destitute througn the Hoang-Ho flnoda
INSURANCE companies lost $1,500,000 by
fires in Montreal last year, which is two or
three times as much as they reoeived from
THE trial of M. E. Billings, oharged with
the murder of County Attorney Kingslpy,
at Waverly, Iowa, in progress at Du
MOUE than 3,C03 tickets were sold for the
Kuights of Pythias ball at Chicago, on the
Sth It was the largest ball ever given in
SENATOR C. El Davis has resigred as a
member of the Republican National com
mittee for Minnesota. The Sta commit
tee will choose his successor on the 15th.
WEATHER Prophet Kellogg, of St. Paul,
predicts a mild March, the gradual disap
pearance of the snow without high water,
and an early spring The worst storms of
the month will occur on the 3rd and 4th and
27th to 31st
THE Brainerd, Minn., Board of Trade has
GEO WELLS, of Rochester, Minn., was
lied at Rhinelander, Wis, white working
to date $30-1,000 have been paid for
saloon licenses at St. Paul, Minn.
AT the Re wood, Canada, boundary line,
U. S. Customs officers captuied $2 ,00J
worth of opium which was being sniuggl
nto New York state
A N=w York Mills, Minn A. S. Blowers,
assigned on the Sth, liabilities $!0,v)u0 assets
STILLWATER celobratod its now Union
railway depot with a ball.
ATJamedtown, Dak, Fred Nowhauser
committed suicido on tho Sth, taking 15
grams of arsen Finnuc.al trouble was
A employe in a St. Cloud, Minn., planing
had a hand cut off by tho raacb nery, on
Tnn House, at Washington, will not pass
tho Blair education bill.
THIS kitchen of tho house of C. M. Pareb,
at Brainerd, Minn., was demolished by the
explosion of the cook stove from a stick of
wood malio.ously loaded with dynamite.
1 HE trial of James Funk for the murder
of his wife last December is in progress at
THE death of Ira DeGraff of Winona,
Minn., took placo at the Merchants Hotel,
St- Paul, on the Sth, after an illness of a
few hours. His age was 60 years.
THE stones in a corn mill at Broadlands,
III., bustfro-i overheating, on the Sth, de
molishing the mill, killing two men and
seriously injuring two others.
A Center City, on the 8th, Brick Erick
son was sentenced to the penitentiary for
life, for tho murder of his wife Dec. SO,
1337, at Nesseltown Miun.^M r**s
PreHldent M*i.n, of the Broken Mstri
p^Mtan Ntt i liark 11 Ci'icJuaari, Ar
rested on a i barge orMisupproprla fu
Fanda of tho la* itution.
CnrciNNATi, Feb. 8.Yesterday President
Mean.i, of the suspended Metropolitan Na
tional ink, was arrested on a charge of
breaking the law 1n allowing loans to
be made to bank officsra Tnere is
much sympathy foi Mr Meana
His position po iticid and socially is
iu his favor. He has ever teen a public
sp nt"d citizen and has devoted his ener
g.es freely and energetically to 'h* public
servio?. He has held many offices of honor.
He has been president of the Duck
worth Democratic Club, and more
recently was pres dent of the Ohio
Democratic Club. He was one of the
founders and has always been an ardent
supporter of the Queen City Club, a high
grade social club A3 mayor of Cincinnati
he Bhowed wisJom, and by hiB contact with
the masses that capacity endeared him
self to them. In facD he is almost univer
PreBiaent Means was charged with mis
appropriating $221,000 of the bank's funds
by loans to himself. He was arraigned be
fore United States Commissioner Dorger
and ILB bond placed at $20,00*0. Henry
nm, May Pecheimer, C. Holloway and
E Boach signed the bond, after which
Mr Means was released
It believed Cashier C. W. Edward and
Director* E. N Both and George Duck
worth of the Metropolitan Bank wdl be ar
rested. Bank Exunmer Senders has pos
session of the bank, which has only
about $10,000 in coin in the vault.
The bank officials claim about $700,000
assets. President Means says that about 8 5
cents on the d3llar will be paid He says
suspens on would not have occurred but for
sensational reports of an unreliable after
I he bank did not open yesterday morn
ing, a placard announcing that the bank
is in tha hands ot the Comptrollei ot the
Curiency, acfcng through Mr. Sanders, the
Vn ted States National Bank Examiner
All coanected wieh the bank say this would
uot have happened if the Government had
not caused the arrest or the ex-vice-presi
The true inwardness of the failure Bhows
as rotten a condition of affairs in the man
agement of the Metropo itan as that char
aut' zing the Fide ity Months ago, at the
time Bank Examiner Powell cosed the
Fidelity, he was ordered to examine into
the affairs of the Metropolitan. He did so,
making a harried examination and pro
nounced it all right
The cashier states that there remains
about $500,000 of the $1,500,000 de
posit account It is thought depositors
will be paid in full, whde stockholders
will be subjected to an assessessment of 10 to
15 per cent, on the par value of their hold
ings It is developed that among
the direotors there was a ring com
posed of Pres dent Meana, Vice-Piesident
Decamp, and Directors Gerkc, Duckworth
and Both. This quartette has invested In all
sorta of wildoat schemes, and had loaned
the money ol the depos tors to each other
In an extraordinary manner, without any
security being given. The amount thus
loaned in these investments alone will ex
A dispatch from Wosh'ngton says the
Comptroller of the Currency is now consid
ering the question of appointing a receiver
to wind up the affairs ot the Metropolitan
National that several names have already
been suggested to him in that connection,
and that an appointment will piobably
made in a few days.
Ho Arrive* fioui Enjj'uml and Uefflns His
En'orU to Save His SonN Keck.
NEW YORK, Feb 8 Among the passen
gers on the steamship Aurauia Monday waB
Mr N S Brooks, the father of the pnsonei
Brooks, alias Muxwel', who is under
Bentence of death at Si. Louis for thu min
der of Mr Preller. He was met at the pier by
a lav, yer, cn4 -from the conversation be
tween him and Mr. Brooks it was evident
that another attempt would be made to
save M^xv, ell from the halter. This effort
will probably tane the shape of an i.ppeol to
the Governor of Missouri for a pardon or
commutation of sentence. Ha is under
stood :.s being disposed to blame the Su
preme Court tor what he regarded as "one
of the most unfair and unjust judgments
ever passed in a civilized country One
Bouroe of regret in the mind of the fataer
is that his son did not tell the whole truth
of the matter immeiiately afW the death
WASHINGTON, Ten. 8 The father of Hu^-h
Brooks abas Mdxwell, is this city and
will make application to the Suprenid
Court for a rehearing of his eon's case,
which will prevent the issuance of the
court's mandf,t forth term.
COMPETING WITH STANDARD OIL.
A New Syndicate to Pipe Oil to Toledo
and Erect Refineries.
TOLEDO, 0,Fcb. aThe Blade publishes
a statement that a syndicate of New York,
Toledo, Chicago and Detroit capitalists,
representing $25,000,000, held a
meeting Monday night and organ
used to build ptpe line from the Noith
western Ohio od fields in Toledo, and to
erect refineries, so as to compete with the
Standard Oil Company. They claim to own
patents on a new proc ss of refining, and
can place the product on the market at a
cheaper rate. Ihe capital stock ot ie new
company is $10,000,000 The only name
that has yet been publ cly connected with
the enterprise is George Clark, of Chi
She Refuses to Enter a Plea of Guilty to
(he Charges Against Her.
CINCTNKATI, Feb. 8Monday it was
agreed Le'-ween 5l!S3 Josie Holmes, con
nected With the Fidelity Bank illegalities,
and the dis.rict attorney, all the au
thorities concerned having consented, that
Miss Holmes, who is still jail,
should t-ppear in the United States Court,
plead guiity and receive a sentence which
the court would afterwards suspend, she
in the meanwhile to be liberated from
prison. When the time came yesterday for
this proceed ng Miss Holmes, thiough hei
attorney, informed the district attorney
that for the present she had changed her
mind and that she would not enter a plea
Thu Dakota .Blizzard.
Sioux FALLS, D. T., Feb. 8.It is the pur
pose of the Territorial Superintendent of
Public Instruction to compile a list of
every person who perished Dakota dur
ing the fatal snow-storm of the 12th of
January last, for general distribut'on The
work of gathering the statistics is being
performed- by county super.ntendents of
schoo a This county furnishes seven.
The object of the publication is to contra
dict the exaggerated reports circulated
throughout the States.
Death of Mrs. Holmes.
BOSTON, Feb. 8Mra Holmes, wife of
Dr. Oliver Wendell Holmes, died here Mon
day morning the 60th year of her age
MJ*s Koyee'i Sad Condition.
PLAIKVIBW, Neb., Feb. 8 Miss Louie
Boyoe. the set ool-teacher who laid on the
prairie all night during the recent blizzard,
with three of her pupils, all of whom diei
in her arms, had both feet amputated here
yesterday. Her left arm is badly deformed
by large pieces of flesh dropping off, bat
physicians say it will probably not be nec
essary to amputate it
Father and Son Killed.
DAKVTLLE, Hi., Feb. 6By the bursting
of burrs in anew corn mill at Broadlands,
UL, Tuesday, John 0. Hays, a well-known
farmer, and his son Andrew were killed
and two other persons seriously wounded.
THE KNOCK ALPHABET*, v3
A Heans of Communication Resorted to
tor Roman Prisoners
The taleutedJiussian novelist.^
who has been twioe exiled to Siberia
and half a dozen times imprisoned,
told me last summer that when he was
arrested for the first time he had never
even heard of the "knock alphabet
and that when, during the second day
of his imprisonment, he noticed a faint
tapping on the other side of the wall,
he regarded it merely as an indication
that the adjoining cell was occupied,
and gave it no particular attention.
A the knocking continued, however,
and as the faint taps seemed to be
definitely segregated into groups by
brief intervals of silence, he became
convinced that his unknown neighbor
was endeavoring-to communicate with
him. Upon what principal or plan the
knocks were grouped he did not know,
but he conjectured that the number of
taps between two *rests' might corres
pond with the serial number of a letter
in the alphabetone knock standing
for a,' two for '1?,' three for c,' and so
on up to twenty-six for *z.' Upon put
ting this conjecture to the test he was
delighted to find that the knocks re
solved themselves into the letters \D-o-
with forty-nine knocks, so grouped and
spaced as to make Y-c-s' but long be
fore he had finished this short word he
became mournfully conscious that, at
the rate of forty-nine knocks for every
three letters, he and his unknown cor
respondent would not be able to ex
change more than half a dozen ideas a
week. Th invisible prisoner on the
other side of the wall did not seem,
however, to be at all discouraged, and
began at once another long series of
knocks, which extended to two hun
dred and ninety-six, and which, when
translated, made the words 'Teach you
better waylisten!" Mr. then
heard one loud tap near tho corner of
the cell, followed by the sound of
scratching, which proceeded from that
point towards the door at about the
height of a man's head, as if the un
known were drawing a lo ng horizontal
line with some hard substance on the
other side of the wall. After a brief
interval of silence there came two stao
cato taps and the noise made by the
scratching of a second line parallel with
the first one, but a little lower down.
When seven of these invisible lines had
been drawn under one another about a
foot apart, with a group of knooks at
the beginning of each one to denote its
number, the unseen artist went back to
one knock, and proceeded to draw six
perpendicular lines crossing the firsfc
series at right angles, so as to make a
huge audible checker-board. A soon
as Mr. heard this invisible dia
gram, the purpose for which it wa3 in
tended flashed upon his mind, and be*
fore the unknown instructor had fin-,
ished knocking out the words, "Put
alphabet in squares,1'
pupil had scratched upon the floor oi
lus cell a reduced copy of the audible
tracing, and was numbering its lines
and columns. Hi diagram when fin
ished looked something like this:
1 S 3 4 5
After giving Mr. time to con.
struct the figure, the unknown prisoner
began another series of knocks, so
grouped and spaced as to indicate tho
lines and columns in which the re
quired letters weie to be found. Five
knocks followed by three knocks meant
that the equivalent letter would be
found at the intersection of the fifth
line and third column: two knocks fol
lowed by one knock indicated letter
f,' at the intersection of line two and
column one and five knocks followed
by four knocks meant letter at the
intersection of line five, column four.
The first question asked by the un
known was 53 23 35 11 4c 15 55 35 51:
Who are you?" Th prisoners then
exchanged brief biographies, and Mr,
discovered that he had learned
his a c's and taken his first lesson in
prison telegraphy from a common
criminala burglar, if I remember
rightlywho was awaiting exile to
Siberia.George Kennan, in Century,
Forest Destruction in Russia.
According to the Moscow Viedomosti
the banks of the Syr-D.iria. not more
than twenty years ago, were so thickly
covered with woods that the operations
of the Russian armies were thereby
considerably impeded. So great, how
ever, ha been the destruction of tim
ber in recent years that there are now
extensive areas of from 5,000 to 8,000
square milesnotably around Perovsk,
the old Ak-Metchet fortressin the
greatest want, not only of building
material, but of ordinary brush fire
wood. remedy this state of affairs
several experienced foresters have been
recently invited by General Rosenbach
to visit Central Asia, and to take step9
for the immediate formation of exten
sive plantations of young trees in this
and other districts of Turkestan.
I kno ws some pussons da I likes tei
talk ter, not becaze 1 think so much o'
'em, but becaze w'en I 'verses wi 'em
I alius thinks mo' o' nierse'f.
Natur', it 'pear like, takes er sort o1
pleasure in flingin1
cold water on de
bright promises dat she hab made. De
blackest ha'r is nearly alius do sooncs'
ter turn gray.
Dar is many things wu den lie
dat is used fur ter kiver up er bad
truth not da kine da hidcB er crime,
bat kine dat makes us b'lebe dat
sutbiu' good has been said erbout us,
when de fack is da suthin' bad has
been said.Arkansaw Traveler.
For thirty-two years Mrs. Catherine
Murdock has kept the light in the
Kondout (N Y.) lighthouse burning
Scientists say that the potato rot
3omes once in ten yearsevery de
layed, as it were. Tid-Bits.
A ton of diamonds is worth $30,-
BOO.OOO.^Don't let the dealers come
the 1,800 pound dodge on you."Puck.
Too cold for ice cream and no
sleighing. The young man who can't
3ave money now never can.Albany
One Robert Rickman has lately
patented a calf weaner. Perhaps he
can invent a device to wean a dude
from nursing his cane.
There is nothing under the face of
the sky that can be quite so stuck up as
a sheet of stamps, when it tries to.
Detroit Free Press.
It is all well enough to say that
thirteen is an unlucky number. But this
country stai-ted in business with thir
teen States, and seems to be holding
Some of them en who are anxious
for a revolution as to theater hats
might do good work toward a reform
in theater breaths.Merchant Traveler.
-"Papa," asked little Bobby Mc
Swilligen, "what is a railroad pool?"
"Arailroad pool, Johnny?" replied Mc
Swilligen, "is where they water the
What this country needs is a so
ciety to protect the innocent seals from
slaughter. A least that is what the
average impecunious husband thinks.
A match vender entered a butcher
shop, when the following brief dialogue
was heard: Vender"Hello, Chops!
How's your liver to-day?" Chops
"Three cents a pound. How 's your
A new cab company just started in
New York, bases its claim for patron
age on a patent hansom with a top that
lowers to suit the occupant. A ea
with a price that lowers to suit the oc
cupant would fill a long-felt want.
"What is your specialty, my
friend inquired the visitor of a
dime-museum freak. "Phenomenal
intelligence." "In what direction does
it lie?" "I'm the man who always
shuts the door.' "Harper's Bazar.
People who have studied into the
origin of phrases all agree that the say
ing, "I acknowledge the corn," was
invented by a man. A woman never
acknowledges a corn no matter in what
condition a husband miy find his pet
An article in a newspaper tho other
day was called A Novel Railroad,"
W have traveled on it. It is the i ail
road on which a train-boy drops forty
seven soiled novels of tho Suicide Li
brary series on the passenger's lap be
fore he travels ten miles.Drake's Mag
Tramp Could yon furnish*me
lodgings of some kind to-night?" "Wh
don't you work and earn money to pay
your way?" "I did work until a month
ago "What business were on in?"
"I was pastor of one of the we lkhiest
congregations in Connecticut." "Is
that so? Then what reduced you to
this condition sSeven don ,ition par
ties in six months." Omaha World.
THE WORP TUMBLER.*
How I Came to be Applied to Ou Com
mon Drinkln Utensils.
I, for one, never thought why the
large glass that holds our milk or T\ ater
was called a tumbler until, once upon
a time, I happened to have luncheon
at All-Souls' College, Oxford. All
Souls' is a curious college. I has no
students or "under-graduates," as we
call them in England. It consists of a
master and a number of "fellows"
men who have taken their degrees and
have distinguished themselves as schol
ars. There is a quaint old rule in
Latin that says a man, to be a fellow of
All-Souls', must be "well born, well
dressed, and a moderately good doctor
in singing." There is "no question
nowadays of singing! Bu of good
breeding and good scholarship there is.
And to be elected a fellow of All-Souls'
is a great honor.
One of the most distinguished fel
lows is Prof. Max Muller, the great
philologist, who, though he is a Ger
man by birth and was not educated at
Oxford, was elected to All-Soul's as a
mark of respect for his immense learn
ing. Th "common-room," or the fel
lows' smaller dining-room, is a delight
ful place, with its great fireplace and
its wall3 all wainscoated with black
oak, while through the great window,
with its. heavy stone mullions, you look
out on to ancient ivy-grown buildings
round a quiet oourt which is filled with
a space of velvet turf. On the day of
which I speak, Prof. Ma Muller was
giving a luncheon in this splendid room
to the charming and talented Princess
Alice, the wife of the Grand Duke of
Hesse Darmstadt, aq second daughter
of Queen Victoria. There were not a
dozen guests besides the Princess and
her husband, and a veay agreeable lun
cheon we had, with pleasant talk on all
kinds of interesting subjects.
But what excited the curiosity of all
the strangers present was a set of the
most attractive little round bowls of
ancient silver, about the size of a large
orange. They were brought round,
according to the custom of the place,
filled to the brim with the famous ale
brewed in the college. These, we were
told, were tumblers, and we were
speedily shown how they came by their
namesa fitting lesson for the guests
of a philologist! When one of these
little bowls was empty it was placed
upon the table mouth downward. In
stantly, so perfect was its balance, it
flew back into its proper position, as if
asking to be filled again. N matter
how it was treated, trundled along the
floor, balanced carefully on its side,
dropped suddenly upon the soft, thick
carpet, up it rolled again and settled
itself with a few gentle shakings and
swaying into its place, like one of those
India rubber tumbling dolls your baby
brothers and sisters delight in. This,
then was the origin of our word tum
bler, at first made of silver, 03 are these
All-Souls' tumblers. Then, when glass
became common, the round glasses
that stood on a flat base superseded the
exquisitely balanced silver spheres and
stole their names so successfully that
you have to go to All-Souls' and a few
other old houses to see the real thing.
Tears in Rachel's Eyes.
One night after playing in the
Francaise Rachel had a' fancy to re
hearse to some of her friends the cul
minating scene in "Adrienne Lecouv-
reur." Teats were drawn from their
eyes by the intensity of her play and
elocution. A the end she sat do wn
and sobbed herself. Legouve, from
whom I have the anecdote, kissed her
hands and said: "What an imagina
tion you must have to faney yonrself
to that degree the character you re
present!" A sardonic smile passed
over her face. "D you think," sho
asked, "that I'm a lunatic? I never
for an instant fancied myself Adrienne
or any other hproine whom I was per
sonating. I was not crying for her,
but for myself. I' attacked with
phthisis, and know I' done for. What
was in my mind all the time was my
own approaching death."Paris Letter
in London Truth.
A man's character is li a fenceit can
not be strengthened by whuewa3 but ha
can strengthen his voice by using Dr. Bull's
The law would be a bird of paradise were
it not for its dreadful 11Douglas Jerrold.
FAIXS VIEW was unknown until created
by the Michigan Centicd itailroad, which
stops its trains at this point to enable its
passengers to enjoy the grandest and most
comprehensive view of the falls that is to
be anywhere obtained Before that time
people came in carriages from tho Ameri
can side to "Inspiration Point." the view
from which Howells said was "unequalled
for sublimity," but Falls View, being mora
elevated, the scane from it is much finer.
No other road runs to or near tins point and
through passengers by the Michigan Cen
tral, "The Niagara Falls Route," have this
great advantage without detention or addi
Make it the interest of others to b3 your
friends Command honors as well as be
The Only lane That Gets There.
It has been well said by a distinguished'
writer that the Michigan Central is the
only 'Niagara Falls Route' in the country."
It is the only railroad that runs directly
by the falls and stops its trains at a point
from which all parts of the falls and the
rapids are full view From this nomt,
called Falls View, the scene from the Michi
gan Central tram, -whether in its summer
setting of emeiald or its winter setting of
crystal, is one of unexampled grandeui and
sublimity. A it is on the direct route to
New York, Boston and Ne England, no
east-bound traveler should fail to tako ad
vantage of it.
Learning without thougnt is labor lost
thought without learn ng is perdous Goa
When a threatening Inn disorder,
Shows its first proclivity,
Do not let it cross the iorder
Quell it with activity.
Many a patient, young or olden*
Owes a quick lecovery
All to Dr Pierce's Golden
He struck a blow in the world that re
sounded through the universe Gratten on
A Business-like Offer
For many years the manufacturers of Dr.
Sages Catarrh Kemedy have offered, in
good faith, $ ,00 reward for a case of Nasal
Catarrh which they canuot cure. Ihs Rem
edy is sold by druggists at on'y 50 cento
This wondmul remedy hab fpirly attained
a world-wide reputation If you have d^ll
heavy headache, obstruction of the nasal
passages, discharges fal'ing fiom the bead
into tbe throat, sometimes profuse, watfry,
and acrid, at othei s, thick, tenac ous, mu
cous, purulent, bloody and putnd if the
eves are weak, Wdtery, and inflamed, if
there is ringing in the ear-,, deafness, hack
ing or coughing to cleai the throat, expec
toration ot offensive matter, together ltb
scabs from ulcers, the voice beiug changed
and has a nasal twang, the In eath offers ve
smell and taste impaired, sensation of dizt
zmess, with mental depression, a hacliing
cough and general debt ity, you are suffer
ing irom nasal catarrh The more coni
Eheated your disease, the greater the num
er and diYer&ity of sv mptom Thousands
of cases annually, without manifesting halt
of the above symtoms, re&ult in consump
tion and end in the grave No disease is
so common more decept ve and dangerous,
or lees understood, or more unsuccessfully
treated by physicians
Strength is like gunpowder, to be effect
ive it needs concentration and the aim.
1 The Greatest Cure oa Earth for Pain." Will
ireaeTenjoro quickly than any other Lirorn rem
^=issafe edy Uheuiratis n, kenrajma.
Swellings, eu lyeek, Bruises!
.Burna, Scalds, Cute, tmriba
\go, Pleurisy, Sores, lrot-bite3,
il Backache. Quln-jv, Soro Throat,
feriatira. Vf omnia, Headache,
SZ Tootaache, Spi-aing, etc. Price
Ej25cts a DctJe. gold aU
gists Caution.Thoy Re
-Sj^sgjifr i Salvation Oil bears our
I Trr*^ isteredlrade-Mark,mdour
|fac-simil8 signat'iru A C. Jicycr & Co., Bole
Proprietors, Baltimore, Jld ,V 11.
DR. BULL'S COUCH SYRUP
For the cure of Coughs, Colds, Hoarse
ness, Croup, Asthma, Bronchitis,
Whooping Cough, Incipient Con.
sumption, and for the relief of con
sumptive persons in advanced stages
of the Disease. For Sale by ll Drug*
gist s. Price, 2$ cents.
A First-Olass Line in Every R-espeot!
CHICAGO, ST PAUL, MINNEAPO-
LIS & OMAHA, AND
CHICAGO & NORTHWESTERN RTS,
makes a specialty of its 8t.EEPIVQ, PAB-
LOftana DINIVW carservlce.covering all
the principal points of the system
t*Ho other Line can *lio such aEecord*Ce
BEAD, ANi E CONVINCED:
ST. PAUL anil MINNEAPOLIS aflU
fan Claire, Madison, Janesville and Chi
cago. TwpTrain3 a day each way, with
through Sleepers and Dining Cars.
Dalath, Superior and Ashland, Night
trains each way with through Sleepers.
Morning trains each way with through Par
Sioux City. Council Kluffis end Omaha.
Through Sleepers Sleeping Cars each way.
Pierre, Sleeping Car to Tracy.
8t. Joseph, Atchison, Leavenworth and
Kansas City. Through Pullman Buffet
Mankato, Des Moines, Charlton, St. Jos
eph, Atchison, Leavenworth and Kansas
City, Through Combination Chair and
Gasota, Manhato, St. James, "Corthington,
Sibley, LeMars, and *iu City, Day trains
each way with elegant Parlor Cars.
This tarries has been nrr&ngetf with a tingle rtev
to ebc comfort and convcaieuio ot the tmrelUar pub
lie, *nd oilers the best and mo- luxurious tocoinmo
datlons between the above named points.
For time tablet and all other information asnlr two
enjr tloket agent, or to
T. W. TEAbDALE, Gen'l Pass. Agent,
8 K.eCULLOUGH. IT. M. WHEELEB,
AMt. Gen'l Pass. Agt. Travl'g paju. Agft,
ST. FAUX, M3NN.