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WBSTB EN APPEAL PUBLISHING COUPAXTT.
ST. PAUL. MINN.
CALIFORNIA has green cucumbers in
the market a foot long.
STRAWBERRIES are now selling
twenty cents a quart in Florida.
ALAN ARTHUR, son of the late ex
President, is preparing some memoirs
of his father.
REAL ESTATE in South America
ranges from five cents an acre in Para
guay to $4.80 in Buenos Ayres.
THE United States has $240,000,000
Invested in Mexico in mines, railroads
and ranches, and England has $80,-unlawful
FROM the top of Mount Whitef ace, in
the Adirondacks, sixty lakes can be
counted. This mountain is over five
thousand feet high.
MRS. GRANT has already received
1400,000 as her share of the profits
from the General's book, and it is still
having a large sale.
THE proposed Longfellow statue at
Portland, Me., will cost $10,000. The
pedestal will be of New Hampshire
granite, twelve feet high.
A SAN FRANCISCO girl slept twelve
tiays, during which time she partook
of no nourishment, but she \v3 ready
for her breakfast when she awoke.
AFTER thirteen years' litigation an
Albany (N. Y.) estate has realized
eighty-five cents apiece for the heirs.
The lawyers got about $11,000 each.
THE widows of President Garfield
and General Geor ge B. McClellan are
guests at the same hot3l in Paris,
where they are spending the winter.
A PRIVATE communication from a
European resident in China to the
London Times says that the loss of life
in the recent Yell ow river disaster was
but little less than two million.
A LIVE, full-grown grasshopper was
found in the street in Superior, Neb.,
the other day There is some doubt
whether it is an advance agent or one
left over from last season's crop.
THE State of Sonora, Mex. levies a
tax of two dollars on eve ry baby born
within its limits, and charges the
farmer five cen ts for every chicken he
raises and fifty cents for every sheep.
I is said that there is a man in a
Michigan town who keeps his family
of four persons on nineteen cents a
week, exclusive of house rent. has
been known to buy threes cents' worth
of butter at a lick.
MRS. MATHNER, of Texarkana, Ark.
hid $500 in the stove to prevent the
burglars getting it, and next morning
built a fire without taking out the
money. Her husband is excused by
all the neighbors for his swearing.
MR. AND MRS. JAMES O. ROBINSON
are solid citizens of Charlestowu, Mass.
They have be en married fifty years
Mr. Robinson weighs 278 pounds, Mrs.
Robinson weighs 225, and of their sev
en living children none weighs less
than 200 pounds.
MANY persons use the phrase "in a
trice" who have no conception of its
meaning. A trice is the sixtieth part
of a second of time. The hour is
divided in to sixty minutes, the min
utes in to sixty seconds and the seconds
into sixty trices or thirds.
A Sioux squaw at Colonel Cody's
Wild West camp in London gave birth
to a daughter a few days ago This is
the first Indian child ever born in En
gland. The infant has been named
Frances Victoria Alexandria, in honor
of Mrs. Cleveland, Queen Victoria and
the Princess of Wales.
THE time of thinking has been esti
mated with some interesting results:
It takes about one-tenth of a second to
see a color, one-seventh second to see
a word. It takes longer to see some
letters and words than others. A word
can be named in one-tenth second,
whereas one-third second is needed to
name a color. It takes about two
fifths seconds to call to mind the coun
ty in which a well-known town is sit
uated one-half second to say which of
two eminent men is thought to be the
IN New York recently it took a jury
in a court just four minutes to find that
Mrs. Mary A. Wilson was entitled to a
verdict of $19,400 against the widow
and executrix of her father-in-law, old
Jacob Wilson. The plaintiff had been
induced by the latter to marry young
Jacob under an agreement that she
was to receive $15,000 in cash, $100 a
month and a house and lot at Union
town, N. J. She did marry the young
man,who had a broken nose and whom
she had several times refused, and the
agreement was not carried out.
LADY COOK, formerly Tennie C.
Claflin, now visiting in New York,
says that her brother-in-law, John B.
Martin, the London banker, has given
his wife, formerly Victoria Woodhull,
permission to erect an institution in
this country for the education of
young girls. Lady Cook says it is not
settled yet where the institution will
be built, but Mr. Martin is strongly in
favor of Philadelphia. Mr. Martin will
build and maintain the institution at
his own expense, and the cost of its
erection will be $1,000,000. The corner
stone will soon be laid.
IN Florida and Georgia are vast shell
mounds, which are the refuse of the
feasts of the prehistoric races. In
them are found implements, bones
and skuds. A mioroscopical examina
tion of the teeth in the skulls has been
made and Mr. White has reported to
the English odontological society the
finding of truces of vegetables, fruit,
feathers, scraps of wool and bits of
cartilage. Evidently food was largely
partaken of in the raw state and torn
in pieces with fingers and teeth. Dr.
Brintou says we have no right to call
flm Mows pn, buj anjjnaty
Epitome of the Week.
INTERESTING NEWS COMPILATION.
FRIDAY, Feb. 17The senate was not
in session. In the House the Urgent-Defl
ciency bill was passed and the Blair Edu
cational bill was reportaB.' The bill to pay
Donald McKay & Son $50,000 for losses
in constructing monitors during the war
was passed The bill to exempt mineral
lands from tbe operation of the Alien law
was approved by the Committee on Mines,
and the post-office sub-co.nmittee made an
unfavorable report on the bill to exclude
from the mails papers containing lottery
advertisements. Adjourned to the 20fch.
MONDAY, Feb. 20.In the Senate bills
were reported from committees for the
establiament of a bureau of animal industry,
and to relieve purchasers and indemnify
States under the swamp and overflowed
lands act. A bill was introduced declar
ing that any person convicted of carnal and
intercourse with any female under
the age of eighteen years shall be punished
by imprisonment for from five to ten years,
and for the second offense during bis nat
ural life. The provisions of the bill are
made applicable to all places within the
jurisdiction of the United Statea In the
House bills were introduced for the protec
tion of settlers on the public lands for the
apportionment, on the basis of illiteracy, of
$165,000,000 among the States and Ter
ritories for educational purposes to amend
the homestead laws so as to provide that
only eighty acres can be entered instead of
one hundred and six acres, and to permit
only citizens of the United States to enter
homesteads providing for the monthly
payment of pensions. A joint resolution
was introduced proposing a constitutional
amendment extending the Presidential
term to eight yeara
TUESDAY Feb. 21.The fisheries treaty
was made public by the Senate. A bill
was introduced to provide for the es
tablishment of an experimental graBS and
forage plant farm, and for the conducting
of experiments relating to gr.ss and forage
plants, the farm to be in the vicinity of the
one hundredth meridian I the House ths
Senate 11 to credit and pay to the several
States and Territories all maneys collected
under the direct tax was reported. A reso
lution to amend the const:tution so as to
make polygamy unlawful in the United
States, and defining the meaning of polyga
my, was reported.
THEBE were 236 business failures in the
United States during the seven days ended
on the 17th, against 237 the previous seven
AT twenty-six leading clearing-houses in
the United States the exchanges during the
week ended on the 18th aggregated
$857,322,273, against $875,459,773 the
previous week. As compared with the corre
sponding week of 1887 the decrease
amounted to 10.8 per cent
IT was estimated on the 18t that the
Government had been defrauded ous of $2,-
000,000 by the illicit traffic in opium.
PBESIDENT CLEVELAND and his wife left
Washington on the 21s for a visit to the
sub-tropical exposition at Jacksonville, Fla.
NOTIFICATION was sent to Bev. J. 0. Price
(colored), president of Swengston College
at Salisbury, N. of his appointment as
Minister to Liberia
OB the first seven months of the fiscal
year, internal-revenue receipts increased
$5,500,000 over the same time last year.
ON the 17th Fanny "Wye, aged thirteen
years, was married at North Stonington,
Conn,, to Charles Drake
AMONG the striking miners at Shenandoah,
Pa., terrible destitution was discovered on
the 17th, several families having been
without food for two daya Most of the
contributions intended foe them were ab
sorbed by the railroaders for whose benefit
HIBAM WEISSMAN'S house at Newark, N. J.,
was destroyed by fire on the 17th, and Mr.
Weissman, his wife and child were fatally
EEVEBAL business buildings at "Westerly, B.
L, were destroyed by fire on the 17th, en
tailing a loss of $150,000.
HE striking miners in the Schuylkill (Pa)
region were on the 17th ordered by Master
Workman Lewis to return to work
HE Governor of Pennsylvania on the
17th signed the death warrants for the
hanging of three murderers, the dates for
executions being March 27, 28 and 29.
IN Boston the license of retail liquor-deal
ers was raised on the 18th from $800 to
A FIEE on the 19th in Providence, B. I
destroyed the Daniels building, occupied by
business firms, causing a loss of $250,000.
FI BE destroyed the Lebanon cotton-mills
near Pawtucket, B. I., on the 19 th. Loss,
AUSTIN COBBIN, president of the Beading
railway, on the 18th Bent to Pottsville, Pa.,
a personal contribution of $20,000, to be
distributed among the miners for the relief
of their families.
BOGEBS & SHELDON'S iron works at Bridge
water, Masa, were destroyed by tire on the
18th, involving a loss of $100,000.
A LADY living in New York, formerly Miss
Callan, of County Cavan, Ireland, said on
the 18th that General Sheridan was the
heir to a fortune of $150,000, left him. by
a relative in Ireland.
A NATIONAL conference of Anti-saloon Re
publicans will be held in New York City
April 18 and 19.
HE Cylindrograph Manufacturing Com
pany and other firms were burned out in
New York on the 20th, causing a loss of
ON the 20th nine men started in a six-day
(twelve hours per day) bicycle race at the
Elite rink in Philadelphia.
FBU IT dealers and brokers in New York
sent a petition to Congress on the 21st ask
ing that the duties on foreign fruit be re
HE firm of Graff, Bennett & Co., iron
manufacturers of Pittsburgh, Pa., failed on
the 21st for $1,200,000.
HE Swift Company's dam at Chicopee,
Mass., was carried away by an ice-pack on
the 21st, stopping sixty thousand spindles,
throwing six hundred hands out of employ
ment and doing other damage.
GEOBGE H. COBLISS, of Providence, B. L,
the famous mechanical engineer and manu
facturer, died suddenly on the 21st, aged
AT Palmer, Masa, the Inabaug river over
flowed on the 21st, flooding the town and
doing great damage.
WEST AND SOUTH.
A BOILEB exploded on the 17th on a plan
tation near Bastrop, La., killing four men
and fatally injuring four othera
ON the 17th Martin L. Scott was hanged
at Deer Lodge, T., for the murder of his
wife in a fit of drunken jealousy last No
WILLIAM B. TASCOTT was on the 17t
charged with being the murderer of Amos
J. Snell, the Chicago millionaire, and are
ward of $4,000 was offered for his capture.
Tascott is the wayward son of a prominent
Chicago business man.
PET EB VANNICE, eighty years of age,
dropped dead of heart disease on the 17th
at his house near New Maysville, Lid, and
his wife, aged eighty years, was so shocked
by his death that she fell dead from the same
disease a few hours afterwarda
HE steamer City of Pekin arrived on the
17th in San Francisco with small-pox on
board. This was the fifth sucoessive steamer
to arrive there with that disease.
A FIBE at Oscala, Fla, burned a dozen
business houses and residences on the 17th.
ONE year ago Daniel and John O'Day, of
Jackson, Mich., were convioted in Tennes
see of counterfeiting, and sentenced to fif
teen and ten years' imprisonment re
spectively. I twas discovered on the 17t
that they were innocent of the crime, and
they were released
ON the afternoon of the 19 th a cyclone
swept over Mount Vernon, 111, resulting in
the death of at least thirty persons, the
I wounding of about two hundred others,
I **4 ft? almost total destruction of one-half I
of the city. Beports from the surrounding
country say the storm sweptK every thinI for
HE firm of Mueller & Gogreare whole
sale dealers in liquor at Cincinnati, failed
on the 19Jh for $150,000.
ON the 18 th F. B. Pouparfc, confidential
secretary to Adolph Schreiber, treasurer ot
the New Orleans Cotton Exchange, ab
sconded with $20,000 belonging to the ex
ON the 18th Matthew Gardner, seventy
years of age, and his wife, Anna Gardner,
who waB one year older, were both found
dead in bed at their homes in Milwaukea
They died from old age.
AT Grand Bapids, Mich., A. B. Brandt and
his daughter were arrested on the 18th for
making and passing counterfeit silver dol
ON the evening of the 18th Miss Emma
Black, weary from watching at the bedside
of a sick friend, fell asleep before a fire at
Winchester, O., her clothing caught fire
and she was burned to death.
HE failure of tbe Western Nail-Mill Com
pany of Belleville, UL, occurred on the
18bh for $50,000. Five hundred men
were thrown out of employment.
IN a theater at Youngstown, 0., the gal
lery fell on the 18 vh, and a number of per
sons were badly injured
FUBTHEB advices of tbe 20th say that the
recent cyclone in Mount Vernon, BX, killed
th'rty-f our persons outright, wounded over
one hundred others, some fatally, swept
nearly four hundred houses from the face
of the earth made homeless over one
thousand people. An appeal for financial
aid had been sent out, and Governor Oglesby
also issued a proclamation calling upon the
public to contribute.
IN Perry and Bandolph counties, HI., a
tornado on the 20th wrecked several build
ings and destroyed vast tracts of timber.
No lives were lost
AT the Bellaire (O.) blast furnace the
workmen were given a voluntary advance
of ten per cent by the management on the
HE Prohibitionists carried four more
counties in Michigan on the 20thLenawee,
Livingston. Ionia and Newaygo.
ON the 20 Dh George W.Hill, manager at
New Orleans for the Diamond Match Com
pany, disappeared with $10,000 belonging
to the company.-
A TOBNADO unroofed nearly all the houses
in Lafayette, Ky., on the 20th, and num
bers of tobacco barns and granaries were
blown down. No one was injured
MBS. J3ABAH SEE D, aged seventy six years,
living near Indianapolis, was burned to
deatb on the 21st, her clothing taking fire
from a stove.
A DESPERADO named John McCelvy, who
admitted having killed nine persons, was
shot and killed on the 21st by Sheriff Hol
comb, of Houston County, Tex, while re
BELFUNE JONES, a popular young man,
was seizsd with hydrophobia at a sociable
in Milledgeville, Ga, on the 21sc and died
in a short time. He had been bitten by a
mad dog four months ago.
ON the 21st Dennis McGraw and his wife
were suffocated in their home"at Lima, O.,
by. natural gas which leaked from the
HE miners at Palmyra, O., who struck
two months ago for an advance, resumed
work on the 21st at the old pricea
IN a mine near Camphausen, Germany, an
explosion on the 16 th killed forty miners.
ADVICES of the 16t from Vienna say
seven persons were buried by an avalanche
which blocked the end of the S Gothard
ON the 17th Louis W. Fleury, postmaster
at .so del Norte, Mex., was arrested for
robbing the mails of $65,000 in diamonds.
the falling of a bridge in a quarry in
Carnarvonshire, Wales, on the 17th five
men were killed.
DISPATCHES of the 19th say an earthquake,
in the province of Yunnan, China caused,
the loss of two thousand Uvea
HE Montreal Herald declared on the 20th
that the fisheries treaty was a surrender of
Canada, and a more effective blow for an
nexation to the United States could not have
HE Minister of Agriculture said in the
House of Commons on the 20th that thou
sands of acres of land had been permitted
to go out of cultivation, 700,000 agri
cultural laborers were unemployed, and
that those working were receiving greatly
IN the twenty days ended on the 20th
fifty-six persons were treated for wounds
with guns and knives in Havana, Cuba, and
ten persons were murdered.
BUSSIA advices of the 20th say that
thirty-six trains coveying troops had left
Odessa and proceeded in the direction of
ON the 21st Peter Shandreau, of Napanee,
Ont, fatally shot his wife because she
joined the Salv.xtion Army and then killed
THE authorities of the State of Durango,
Mex., announced on the 21st that they had
captured and shot most of the members of
Bernal's band of robbera
HE Democrat Nat onal Coam ttee met
in Washington on the 22d and fixed upon
July 3 the time for holding their conven
tion. Ten ballots wero taken on the ques
tion of location, with no result, and the
committee adjourned for the day-
HE second nat onal encampment of the
Union Veterans'L?g on began at Youngs
town, Ohio, on tbe %id.
HE Eouse committee on agriculture on
the22d, gave a hearing to persons interested
in the Buttxrworth bill to regulate the
manufacture- and sale of counterfeit or
HE Senate committee on interstate
commerce on 22d decided to report ad
versely tbe bills to license railroad con.
ductors and limit the hours of employ
ment to railroad employes.
A TELEGKAM from Winnipeg says William
Rialtoi:, a ta,x-collector, was robbed and
probably fatally wounded by highwaymen
while en route between Qu'--*ppaLe and
HE Michigan Club celebrated Washing
ton's iirthay at Detroit by a banquet and
spe ches wer* made by Senator Hawley of
Connecticut, ex-Senator Harrison, of In
diana, Hon. John Finerty, of Chicago
and others. T.ie Union League Ciub of
Chicago listened to an address by Ohauncy
M. Depew, the New York railway magnate.
CHARLES WINGA BD and Annie Fox, hi
niece, in jail atvPittsburgh, Pa., for eloping
from Monroe, Mich., committed suicide on
A NEW YO RK dispatch of the82d says
John McGuire, an old man who died of
hea t-disease at the anti-poverty meeting
Sunday night has been refused burial in
the Catholic cemetery on the ground that
he had neglected the sacraments of the
church. He was a jonner member of Dr.
JO HN SMITH, the oldest resident of
Hastings, Minn, died on the 22nd.
MOODY and Sankey, the evangelists, com
menced a series of revival m-.etings at
Sioux City, Iowa, on the 23d.
HE churc of Notre Dame Pierre at
Montreal, Canada, was damaged by fire on
the 22nd to to the extent of $5,000. A\
WILLIAM CHALET, a prominent theater
manager of Pitts urgh, Pa., oied in that
THE Western Union Telegraph Company
on the 22d offered the free use of theii
wires to the relief committee of Vernon,
HI., fer the transmission of messages
and answers in *gard to the relief of guff,
er rs. Twenty one dea hsha^e SQ far been
Text of ttie Proposed New^Treaty
?kg with Great Britain.
the President Expresses Satisfaction with
Its ProvisionsConcessions to Aineri-
^h|oan FishermenA Tempo
SETTLING A VEXED QUESTION.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 22The Senate yes
terday made public the fisheries treaty with
the President's letter of transmittal The
President's letter, with the historical part
omitted, reads as follows:
To THE SENATE O THE UNITED STATES:
In my annual message, transmitted to Con
gress-in December, 1886, it was stated that
negotiations were then pending for the
settlement of the questions growing out
of the rights claimed by American fisher
men in British North American waters. As a
result of such negotiations a treaty has been
atrreed upon between her Brittanio Majesty
and the United States, concluded and
signed in this capital under my direction and
authority on the 15th of February inst., and
which I now have the honor to submit to the
Senate, with the recommendation that it shall
receive the consent of that body, as provided
in the constitution, in order that the ratifica
tion thereof may be duly exchanged and the
treaty carried into effect.
The treaty meets my approval because I
believe it supplies a satisfactory, practical and
final adjustment upon a basis honorable and.
just to both parties of the difficult and vexed
question to which it relates. I believe
the treaty will be found to contain a just, hon
orable, and therefore satisfactory solution
of the difficulties which have clouded
our relations with our neighbors on our north
The treaty now submitted contains no pro
vision affecting tariff duties, and, independ
ently of the position assumed upon the part
of the United States that no alteration
in our tariff or other domestic legislation could
be made as the price or consideration of
obtaining the rights of our citizens secured by
treaty, it was considered more expedient to
allow any change in the revenue laws of the
United States to be made by the ordinary ex
ercise of legislative will and in promotion of
the public interests. Therefore, the addition
to the free list of fish, fish-oil, whale
and seal-oil, etc., reoited in the last article
of the treaty, is wholly left to
the action of Congress and in connection
therewith the Canadian and Newfoundland
right to regulate sales of bait and other fishing
supplies within their own jurisdiction is recog
nized, and the right of our fishermen to freely
purchase these things is made contingent by
this treaty upon the action of Congress in the
modification of our tariff laws.
"Our social and commercial intercourse with
those populations who have been placed upon
our borders and made forever our neighbors is
made apparent by a list of United States
common carriers, marine and inland, con
necting their lines with Canada which was
returned by the Secretary of the Treas
ury to the Senate on the 7th day of
February, 1888, in answer to a resolution of
that body, and this is instructive as to the
great volume of mutually profitable inter
changes which has come into existence during
the last half century. This intercourse is still
but partially developed, and if the amicable
enterprise and wholesome rivalry between the
two populations is not obstructed the promise
of the future is full of the fruits of an un
bounded prosperity on both sides of the border.
The treaty now submitted to you has been
framed in a spirit ot liberal equity and recipro
cal benefits in the conviction that mutual ad
vantage and convenience are the only perma
nent foundation of peace and friendship be
tween States, and that with the adoption
ot the agreement now placed before the Senate
a beneficial and sat'sfactory intercourse be
tween the two oountries will be established so
as to secure perpetual peace and harmony.
"In connection with the treaty herewith sub
mitted I deem it also my duty to transmit to
the Senate a written offer or agreement, in the
nature of a modus Vivendi, tendered after the
conclusion of the treaty on the part of the Brit
ish plenipotentiaries, to secure kindly and
peaceful relations during the period that may
be required for the consideration of the treaty
by the respective Governments and for the en
actment of the necessary legislation to carry
its provisions into effect if approved. This pa
per, freely and on their own motion, signed by
the British conferees, not only extends ad
vantages to our fishermen pending the ratifi
cation of the treaty, but appears to have been
diet ated by a friendly and amicable spirit.
"Executive Mansion, Feb. 20, 1888."
The text of the treaty and protoools is as
WHEREA S, Differences have arisen concern
ing the interpretation of article 1 ot the con
vention of October 20,1818, the United States
of America and her Majesty the Queen of the
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland,
being mutually desirous of removing all causes
of misunderstanding in relation thereto, and
of promoting friendly intercourse and good
neighborhood between the United States and
the possessions of her Majesty in North Amer
ica, have resolved to conclude a treaty to that
end. The plenipotentiaries have agreed upon
the following articles:
"Article 1. The high contracting parties
agree to appoint a mixed commission to de
limit, in the manner provided in this treaty,
the British waters, bays, creeks and harbors of
the coasts of Canada and of Newfoundland as to
which the United States, by article 1 of the
convention of October 20, 1818, between the
United States and Great Britain, renounced
forever any liberty to take, dry or cure fish.
"Article 2. The commissipn,shall consist of two
commissioners to be named by Her Britannic
Majesty and of two commissioners to be named
by the President of the United States without
delay after the exchange of ratifications of this
treaty. The commission shall meet and com
plete the delimitation as soon as possible there
"Article8. The delimitation referred to in
article 1 of this treaty shaU be marked upon
British admiralty charts by a series of lines reg
ularly numbered and duly described. The charts
so marked shall, on the termination of the work
of the commission, be signed by the commis
sioners in quadruplicate, one copy whereof
shall be delivered to the Secretary of State of
the United States and three copies to her Maj
esty's Government. The delimitation shall b
made in the following manner, and shall bo
accepted by both the high contracting parties
as applicable for all purposes under article 1 of
the convention of October 20, 1818, between the
United States and Great Britain: The three ma
rine miles mentioned in article 1 of the conven
tion of October 20, 1818, shall be measured sea
ward from low water mark but at every bay,
creek or harbor not otherwise specially pro
vided for in this treaty such three marine miles
shall be measured seaward-from a straight
line drawn across the bay, creek or harbor in
the part nearest the entrance at the first point
where the width does not exceed ten marine
Article 4 prescribes the lines of the three
mile limit at the various bays coming under the
provisions of the treaty. Other articles pro
vide that any disagreement of the commission
ers shall forthwith be referred to an umpire
selected by the Secretary of State of the
United States and her Britannic Majesty's
Minister at Washington, and his decision shall
be final also that each of the high contracting
parties shall pay its own commissioners and
officers, but other expenses, jointly incurred,
including compensation to the umpire, shall be
paid by each in equal moieties.
Article 9. Nothing in this treaty shall inter
rupt or affect the freB navigation of the Strait
of Canso by fishing vessels of the United
Article 10. United States fishing vessels
entering the bays or harbors referred to in ar
ticle 1 of this treaty shall conform to harbor
regulations common to them and to fishing
vessels of Canada or pf Newfoundland. They
need not report, enter or clear when putting
into such bays or harbors for shelter or
repairing damages, nor when putting into the
same, outside the limits of established ports of
entry, for the purpose purchasing wood or
obtaining water except that any such vessel
remaining more than twenty-four hours, exclu
sive of Sundays and legal holidays, within any
such port, or communicating with the
shore therein, may be required to report, enter
or clear and no vessel shall be excused here
by from giving due information to board
ing officers. TheyshaU not be liable in any
such bays or harbors for compulsory pilotage:
nor, when therein lor the purpose ot shelter, of
repairing damage, of purchasing wood, or of
obtaining water, shall they be liable for harbor
dues, tonnage dues, buoy dues, or other similar
dues but this enumeration shall not permit
other charges inconsistent with she enjoyment
of the liberties received or secured by the con
vention of October 20 1818,
Article 11. United States fishing vessels en.
taring the ports, bays and harbor* of the eastr
rn and northeastern pemft of Canada or of the
er or other casualty may unload, reload, tran
ship or sell, subject to customs laws and
regulations, all fish on board, when such un
loading, transhipment or sale is made neces
sary as incidental to repairs, and may replen
ish outfits, provisions and supplies damaged or
lost by disaster and in case of death or sick
ness shall be allowed all needful facilities, in
cluding the shipping of crews. Licenses to
purchase in established ports of entry
of the aforesaid coasts of Canada or of
Newfoundland, for the homeward voyage,
such provisions and supplies as., are ordi
narily sold to trading vessels, shall be
granted to United States fishing vessels in
such ports, promptly upon 'application, and
without charge, and such vessels, having ob
tained licenses in the manner aforesaid, shall
also be accorded upon all occasions such facil
ities for the purchase of casual or needful pro
visions and supplies as are ordinarily granted
to the trading vessels, but such prov sions or
supplies shall not be obtained by barter, nor
purchased for resale or traffic.
Article 12. Fishing vessels of Canada and
Newfoundland shall have on the Atlantic coast
of the United States all the privileges reserved
and secured by this treaty to United Statea
fishing vessels in the aforesaid waters of Cana
da and Newfoundland.
Article 18. The Secretary of the Treasury
of the United States shall make regulations
providing for the conspicuous exhibition by
every United States fishing vessel of its official
number on each bow, and any such vessel, re
quired by law to have an official number, and
failing to comply with such regulations shall
not be entitled to the license provided for in
this treaty. Such regulations shall be commu
nicated to her Majesty's Government previous
ly to their taking effect.
"Article 14. The penalties for unlawfully
fishing in the waters, bays, creeks and harbors
referred to in article 1 of this treaty may ex
tend to forfeiture of the boat or vessel and ap
purtenances, arid also of the supplies and cargo
aboard when the offense was committed and
for preparing in such waters to unlawfully
fish therein, penalties shall bo fixed by the
court, not to exceed those for unlawfully fish
ing and for other violation of the laws of Gre it
Britain, Canada or Newfoundland relating to
the right of fishing in such waters, bays, creeks
or harbors, penalties shall be fixed by the
court, not exceeding in all three dollars for
every ton of the boat or vessel concerned. The
boat or vessel may be holden for such penal
ties and forfeitures. The proceedings shall be
summary and as inexpensive as practi
cable. The trial (except of appeal) shall be at
the place of detention, unless the judge shall,
on request of the defense, order it to be held at
some other place adjudged by him more con
venient. Security for costs shall not be required
of the defense, except when bail is offered.
Reasonable bail shall be accepted. There
shall be proper appeals available to the defense
only, and the evidence at the trial may be used
on appeal. Judgments of forfeiture shall be
reviewed by the Governor-General of Canada in
council, or the Governor in council of New
foundland, before the same are executed.
"Article 15. Whenever the United States
shall remove the duty from fish oil, whale oil,
seal oil and fish of. ail kinds (except fish pre
served in oil), being the produce of fisheries
carried on by the fishermen of Canada and
Newfoundland, including Labrador, as well as
from the usual and necessary casks, barrels,
kegs, cans and other usual and necessary cover
ings containing the products above mentioned,
the like products being the produce of fisheries
carried on by the fishermen of the Un'ted
States, as well as the usual and necessary cov
erings of the same, as above described, shall be
admitted free of duty into the Dominion of Can
ada and Newfoundland and upon such removal
of duties, and while the aforesaid articles are
allowed to be brought into the United States by
British subjects, without duty being reim
posed thereon, the privilege of entering the
ports, bays and harbors of the aforesaid
coasts of Canada and Newfoundland shall be
accorded to United States fishing vessels by an
nual licenses, free of charge, for the following
purposes: 1. The purchase of provisions,bait,ice,
seines, lines and all other supplies and outfits 2.
Transhipment of catch, for transport by any
means of conveyance 3. Shipping of crews.
Supplies shall not be obtained by barter, but
bait may be so obtained. The like privileges
shall be continued or given to fishing vessels of
Canada and of Newfoundland on the Atlantio
coasts of the United States.
Article 16. This treaty shall be ratified by
the President of the United States, by and
with the consent of the Senate and by Her
Britannic Majesty, having received the assent
of the Parliament of Canada and or the Legis
lature of Newfoundland: and the ratifications
shall be exchanged at Washington as soon as
In faith whereof we, the respective pleni
potentiaries, have signed this treaty, and have
hereunto affixed our seals.
Done in duplicate at Washington this 15th
day of February, 1888.
"T. F. BAYARD.
"WILLIAM L. PUTNAM,
"JAMES B. ANGELL,
"L. SACKVILLE WEST,
THE TEMPOBABY AGBEEMENT.
Three protocols are attached to the treaty,
including a proposition by the British commis
sioners for a temporary arrangement for a
period not exceeding two years, in order to
afford a modus Vivendi pending the ratification
of the treaty. The proposition and the reply
thereto are as follows:
1. For a period not exceeding two years
from the present date, the privilege of entering
the bays and harbors of the Atlantic coasts of
Canada and Newfoundland shall be granted to
United States fishing vessels by annual
licenses, at a fee of-11.50 per ton, for the follow
ing purposes: The purchase of bait, ice, seines,
lines and all other supplies and outfits, tran
shipment of catch and shipping of crews.
"2. If, during the continuance of this arrange
ment the United States should remove the
duties on fish, fish oil, whale and seal oil, and
their coverings, packages, etc., said 1.cense
shall be issued free of charge.
3. United States fishing vessels entering
the bays and harbors of the Atlantic coasts of
Canada or of Newfoundland for any of the
four purposes mentioned in article 1 of the
convention ot October 20, 1818. and not remain
ing therein more than twenty-four hours, shall
not be required to enter or clear at the custom
house, providing that they do not communi
cate with the shore.
"4. Forfeiture to be exacted only for the of
fenses of fishing or preparing to fish in terri
"5. This arrangement to take effect as soon
as the necessary measures can be completed by
the colonial authorities.
"L. SACKVILLE WEST,
"Washington, Feb. 15, 1888."
*'The American plenipotentiaries, having re
ceived the communication of the British pleni
potentiaries conveying their plan for the ad
ministration to be observed by the Govern
ments of Canada and Newfoundland in re
spect of the fisheries during the period which
may be requisite for the consideration by the
Senate of the treaty this day signed, and
the enactment of the legislation by the respec
tive Governments therein proposed, desire to
express their satisfaction with this manifesta
tion of an intention on the part of the British
plenipotentiaries, by the means referred to, to
maintain the relations of good neighborhood be
tween the British possessions in North Amer
ica and the United States and they will
convey the communication of the British plen
ipotent aries to the President of the United
States, with a recommendation that the same
may be by him made known to the Senate for
its information, together with the treaty, when
the latter is submitted to that body for ratifi
cation. "T. F. BAYARD,
"WILLIAM L. PUTNAM,
"JAMES B. ANGELL.
"Washington, Feb. 17.1888."
HONORS TO ALBERT.
Tbe Champion Pedestrian Given a Warm
Reception at Atlantic Ciiy, N.
ATLANTIO Cm, N. J., Feb. 22.James
Albert, the champion pedestrian, arrived
here Monday evening1.
He was met at the
depot by a committee of citizens with a
band and escorted to the city hall, where a
reception and banquet were held. I was
attended by about 300 of Albert's fel
low citizens and a number of invited
friends from Philadelphia and New York.
The mayor of Atlantic City presided
and the officers of the city gov
ernment were present. There was
great enthusiasm and a number of
speeches were made at the banquet table.
A feature of the occasion was the absence
of any thing stronger than lemonade to
drink. This was on account of the presence
of ladies and in deference to Albert's tem
perance habits. Albert's home is on "Vir
ginia avenue in this city.
A Ba Man Killed.
COBBIOAN, Tex., Feb. 22.John MoCelvy,
a desperado, was killed by Sheriff Holcomb,
of Houston County. He had broken jaiL
MpCelvy claimed ?9 tave kill*4 ffbe per-
MOUNT VERNON'S MISFORTUNE.
A Scene of Utter 1BS ation in the Path
of the CycloneOver 400 House's De.
molishuri, Thirty-Six L,ives Lo-it, 147
Persons Badiy Hurt and Orer S500.O0O
Worth of Property Destroyed Relief
Asked ForGovernor Oglesby's Procla
THE XA3SS OVEB $500,000.
MOUNT VEBNON, D.L, Feb. 21.The world
at large has aire dy been informed th-.t the
town of Mount Vernon, the beautiful litt
capital of Jefferson County, has been vis
ited by a great calamity, but what has been
printed gives but a feeble idei of what has
befallen the 2,500 people who had
ther homes there. Those who hava at
tempted to count the tieid and com
pute the loss in dollars and cenls
are unable to give accurate fignrea Tue
most reliable figures obtainable show that
thirty-six people are now numbered among
the dead, while the count of in-jured
shows that 147 people received injuries
more or less serious. Many of these
injured are suffermg from wounds that
may cripple them for life, and so.ne can
not survive their hurts. A moderate esti
mate shows that 480 buildings, large and
small, were leveled to the ground or
twisted and wrenched so that tiiey will
have to be rebudt before tenants dare oc
cupy them. The loss financially has been
placed at a little over $500,000, but
an estimate, based on a careful sur
vey of the situation, shows that
$1,000,000 will hardly cover the loss.
Summing up the county building, the
churches, business houses and stock of
goods aggregate a loss of $410,000 fine
residences totally destroyed, $38,000 fine
residences injured, $10,000 cottages,
warehouses, barns, etc., $115,000 total,
$573,000. Other incidentals will increase
It has been discovered that the cyclone
formed one and one-half miles southwest of
Mount Vernon and traveled in a north
easterly direct:on. I was first seen upon
the crest of the hill, where it appeared
as a black and funnel-shaped mass of
whirling, twis ing cloud?. The roar was
loud and ominous, and the natives say
th it it closely resembled the rumble of a
heavily lo ided trair.
THE COMMITTEE'S APPEAL.
The following ercular was issued yester
day morning and is now being sent through
MOUNT VERNON, HI., Feb. %0.
and Citizens: The city of Mount rnon, II1..
Was visited by a terrible cyclone ou yesterdr.y
afternoon, which carried death and destruoiion
In its path. About thirty people were killed
outright and scores of men, women and
children are maimed, wou*ded and
bleeding, and about 1,000 people are
made homeless by the disaster. Some 300
houses are swept almost from the face of
the earth, among which are the county court
house, public-school buildings, Methodist and
Baptist churches, Supreme Court building,
round-house of the Louisville & Nashville rail
road, and many of the leading business houses
are also total wrecks, their contents being
buried beneath the debris. A raging fire
which broke out also destroyed much of
the property which might otherwise
have been saved from the ruins. We are
sorely in distress and are forced to call upon
the charitable people o| the country lor money
and such other timely assistance as they may
feel able to contribute. Money is needed more
than provisions, as there are a few business
houses that may be able to supply the demand.
Send cash contributions, if possible, to
GEORGE W. EVANS,
Chairman Finance Committee.
NORMAN H. MOSS, Secretary."
AID FOB THE SUFFEBEBS.
ST. LOUIS, Feb. 21. The citizens of
Mount Vernon, as soon as the injured had
been released from their perilous positions
and the wounded turned over to the care
of physicians, held a meeting and organ
ized permanently. The City Council acted
promptly and appropriated $500 for imme
diate relief, and although there is no money
in the city fund the order was quickly
cashed by the bunks.
SPRHTGETEXJ*, in, Feb. 9.1. GoTej.n
Oglesby yesterday received notice that
1,000 persons are homeless at Mount Ver
non and last, evening issued the fo.lowiug
"EXECUTIVE OFFICE, STATE OF ILLINOIS
Richard J. 0c l?sby, GovernorTo the People
of the State of Illinois: A great calamity lias
fallen upon the city of Mount Vernon, Jeffer
son County, in our State. On yesterday after
noon a cyclone swept over that city leaving
death, devastation and ruin in its track. Ad
Vices up to this time state that
more than thirty persons were killed, 100
severely and some fatally wounded, and 1,000
of its citizens are left homeless and destitute.
A calamity such as this falling suddenly upon
a peaceful people at this inclement season of
the year must of necessity inflict serious and
distressing loss and misery. Such a misfort
une can not but appeal to the deepest sym
pathy of a generous public, and to that public
in the name of the whole people of the State I
without hesitation appeal for immediate aid
and encouragement. It is well known that the
General Assembly places no appropriation at
the disposal of the Executive to be used on oc
casions like this. I therefore request
mayors of cities and" all religious and
charitable associations, aociet es and as
sociations to lend a helping hand in
this hour of sorrow and distress by as
sisting in raising contributions for the relief
of those people. All subscriptions in money or
other supplies will be forwarded to George W..
Evans, chairman of the local finance commit
tee. Mount Vernon, Jefferson County, 111. In
witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand
and caused the great seal of the State to be
"Done at the city of Springfield this 20th
day of February, A*D. 1888.
"RICHARD J. OGLESBY.
By the GovernorHenry u. Dement, Sec
retary of State."
The Governor also sent the following
(Telegram to George H. Varnell, mayor of
"The great calamity of yesterday to
the people and city of Mount Vernon
fills the pubic heart with sorrow. Is there
any thing the State can do to relieve present
distresses in the way of supplies, tents, or oth
erwise to aid the suffering^ommunity? Please
telegraph me the condition of affairs this
morning. Dr. Rauch, of the State Board of
Health, and Adjutant-General Vance will leave
on the first train to-day for Mount Vernon.
"R. J. OGLESBY."
MOUNT VEBNON, HI., Feb. 21.Floods of
telegrams have teen received asking about
friends. Among these messages were also
offers of assistance, and before night dona
tions exceeding $1,200 in cash had been
telegraphed and promises for much more.
It is just being learned that none of the
buildings have insurance against storms,
and the enormous loss is total to the own
ers of the property.
VANDALIA, IlL, Feb. 21 The citizens last
night raised $11 3 forth relief of the cy
clone sufferers at Mount Vernon.
Seven Hundr ed Thousand Farm Labor
ers Unable to Find Work.
LONDON, Feb. 21.In the House of Com
mons yesterday Chaplin, Minister of Agri
culture, said that the loss to the
farmers by deficient agricultural values
was 42,000,000 in 188 5 and 50,000,-
000 now. Many thousand acres of land
had been permitted to go out of cultiva
tion, and there had been a great decrease
in the number of cattle and sheep in the
country. Reliable estimates showed that
there were 700,000 agricultural laborers
unemployed, and that those working were
receiving greatly reduced wages. (Jovern
mentask ed a bill founding a department of
agriculture. Stories of Terrible Suffering a the Far
North of Canada.
St. PAUX, Minn., Feb. 2LA dispatch
from Winnipeg gives reports of the terrible
distress among the Indians in the Fa
North. Rev. W. S. Pendlove, a missionary,
has reached Winnipeg from north of Mac
kenzie river, where lie has been for
nine years. His journey down took nearly
three months. From Peace river he heard
of cases where Indians had died of starva
tion and had then been eaten by their com
rades. Beer have been soiree for the last
two yeara There is mu ch feeling because
the Government in Ottawa has taken no no
tice of the destitution of these Indiana,
which has been, repeatedly brought ty a
Making Use of Consrremn.
The queer requests that arp received
by members of Congress from their
constituents are innumerable. The
other day a Western member had a
letter from a rural supporter, who
wrote that he had seen in the news
papers that hay was selling at a very
high price at Washington, and that he
had shipped a car load to the Con
gressman's address, and hoped he
would ^e able to dispose of it profit
ably and remit him the proceeds. The
member read the letter to several
others sitting around him with much
amusement, not unmixed with annoy
ance and dismay. His feelings under
went an agreeable change, however,
when one of the listeners said, quietly:
"I have several horses here, and my
coachman told me this morning that
the hay is about used up. I'll take
two tons of that car-load." "I'll take
a ton of it," and inside of ten minutes
the entire car-load was sold. The
member, with much satisfaction, re
mitted to his thrifty constituent $30
more than the latter had expected.
Another member received yesterday
a letter from a constituent which ran
in this way:
"Der Sur: Sum time ago I cent sum
chickus to Messers, & com
ishun men. No. street, Wash
ington, and they hev nut cent me iny
munny, and I wish ef it ain't askin tu
much as how wud kollect end favard
keepin out enuf to pay ecpenses fur
colleckshun, pleas do this ez sun ex
kin ez I em hard up."
Of cour.-e the member made the
"colleckshun" and didn't charge any^
thing for expenses.
Constituents of Congressmen in every
part of the country ought to make
much more use of their Representatives
in this way than they do. It is part of
the duty of a Representative to sell
hay, butter, and eggs for his supporters,
and make "colleckshuns."
It is to be hoped that the above ex
amples of the kind and successful at
tention awarded to such requests will
result in a widespread employment of
our National lawmakers in these
practical honest, and useful channels.
Washington Letter to Pittsburg Dis
Where I Mostly Goes To.
People who are troubled by a scar
city of brown paper when they want to
do up a bundle may realize the cause
better when they learn that more than
3,000,000 cigars are made in this
country every month.Somerville
"Let us then, be up and doingwith a
heart for every fate" or we we 1 know
tbat all the olds we take in the proc ss
can be cured by the timely use of Dr. Bull's
"he man who goes fishing and sits in a
cramp-inviting posture on a narrow thwart
from early morn till dewy eve and calls it
fun is the same chap thar. never goes to
church because the pews aren't comfortable.
A clergyman, after years of suffering
from that loathsome disease, Catarrh, and
vainly trying every kn remedy, at last
found a prescription which completely
curea-ami Ha-t3d-iii from aoi*t 'A ny snf
fererof this dreadful disease sending a
self-addressed stamped envelop to Prof.
A Lawrence, 212 Bast 9th St., New York,
vill receive the retipe free of charge.
A righter of wrongs is, as rn'e, even more
poorly paid than a writer of poetry.
Yes, he loves you now. 'tis true,
Lass with eyes of violet blue,
Lips as sweet as honey-dew,
Bonny little bride!
Will he love you as to-day,
vVben your b'loom has fled away,
When your golden locks are grey,
Wilt bis ove al ide?
Yes, if it is the true kind it will surviv
all the inevitable wastes and cha* ges of life
But, it is every woman's desire and duty to
retain, as long as sfce can, the attractions
that made her charming and beioved in
youth. No one can keep her youthful
bloom or equaLle temper if weight down
and suffering from female weakness and
disorders. Dr. Pierce's i avorite Prescr.p
tion is a remedy lor these troubles. Sold
A Georgia man named George R. Shine
has sued a fellow-citizen lor asserting that
he (Shine) was "no fit to be used for fish-
An Offensive Breath
is most distressing, not only to the person
afflicted if he have any pride, but to those
with whom he comes in contact. I is a
delicate matter to speak of, but it has
arte not only friends but lovers. Ba
and catarrh are inseparable. Dr.
Sage's Cata rh Remedy cures th worst
cases as thousands can testify.
What is the difference between twelve
pennyweights and the bu letin board?
"One is an ounce and the other announces."
Piso's Cure for Consumption is the best
Cough Medicine. If you don't believe it,
take a dose. By druggists, 25c. a bottle.
Suggestion to rash lovers: A ounce of
keep-your-mouth-shut is better than a
pound of explanation after vou've said it.
T) down your
3 ^C I\and
OR KINDR.ED ILLS