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BENEFITS OF PROTECTION.
Samnel J. Kandall Makes an Earnest Plea
in Favor of Tariff LegislationA Good
Republican Speech Delivered Vy a I)eur
ocrat ic LeaderMr. McKinley, ot onto,
Talks Forcibly Against the Mil ls Bill.
WASHINGTON May 10.In the Kous^ /ester
day Mr. Randall took the floor in favor- of his
Ho opened his speech by referring to the
President's recent message, in which the Ex
ecutive advised Con
gress that the surplus
in the Treasury by the
30th of June, at the end
of the fiscal year,
would be expected to
reach the sum of $140,-
000,000, including prior
more closely stated,
the sum of $113,000,000,
apart from prior ac
cumulations, over and
above all authorized
expenditures, includ- SAMUE I, RANDALL,
ins the sinking fund for the current year.
then quoted from the President's mes
sage, defining his position on the tariff and in
ternal revenue questions, and said that from
the utterance of the President, he understood
the Executive to be adverse to any reduction of
the internal taxes, as that mode of taxation
afforded, in the opinion of the President, "no
just complaint, and that nothing is so well able
to bear the burden without hardsh ip to any
portion of the people."
Th President had further said that the
'Tariff law was a vicious and illogical source of
inequitable tax and ought to be revised and
modified and the President had urged upon
Congress the immediate expression of this
matter to the exclusion of all others. Th
President had asserted in substan ce that the
reduction necessary should be made by ad
ditions to the free list and by the lowering of
the rates of duty.
In the absence of such language, emanating
from the Executive, authorized by the direc
tion of the constitution to communicate and
from time to time, give to Congress informa
tion on the state of the Union, and recommend
such measures as he should judge nec
essary, it was required of the
representatives of the people to
ffive fair, intelligent and prompt attention to
the suggestions made. had done so.
had Introduced and had referred to the Com.)
mittee on Ways and Means a bill to re:
ducc and equalize duties on imports and
reduce the internal-revenue taxes, and
so me provisions of the bill showed
that the remedies he would apply
were at variance with those recommended by
the President. Th President sought to pre
vent the continuation of the surplus revenue
by resorting to changes in the customs duties
only. The remedy he (Randall) proposed
was through the repeal of internal-revenue
taxes as well as by a full revision of the
tariff, as promised to the people by the Dem
ocratic convent on of 188). Th reduction pro
vided for in his bill aggregat ed $77,000,000 on in
tern al taxes. Those tax es had always been.the
lust to be levied, and the first to be repealed
when no longer necessary. Jefferson
had given the death-blow to excise
taxesthat most vicious of all taxesand
among other things he received the thanks of
the Legislature or his native State for having
the internal taxes abolished. The first tax also
to he repealed after the war of ISl-Jhad been the
excise tax, which was recommended by Mad
ison, and was the first law enacted under the Ad
ministration of Monroe. The Democratic con
vention of issi declared that internal revenue
was a war tax, and this declaration, taken in
connection with the other declarations of the
platform, clearly established the fact that the
opinion of the convention was that some
of the internal revenue tax es should
flrst go, and that they should all go whenever
a sufficient sum was realized from cust om
house tax es to meet the expenses of
the Governmen t, economically adminis
tered. Th country was practically in
such a condition now, and the true
responses to these declarations were
warranted by the repeal of the internal revenue
taxes to the extent proposed by his bill. fa
vored now,as he had always done, a total repeal
of the Internal revenue tax es (applause). In
the bill which he introduced, ho proposed
to sweep all these tax es from the statute
books except a tax of 50 cents on
whisky, and he would transfer the col
lect.on of that tax to the custo ms offi
cials if that was found to be practi
cable. With Albert Gallatin he had regarded
excise taxes as offensive to the genius of the
people, tolerated only as a measure of emer
gency and as soon as the occason for that had
passe 1 away they should cease to exist.
Mr. Randall then began an analysis of the
Mills bill, but the gavel fell, the chair an
nouncing: '-Th gentleman's time has ex
pired' There were cries of "Go on!" but
Mr. Mills (Tex.) objected. Members from
both sides of the House crowded around
the chairman of the Ways and Means,
but he was inexorable. Finally Mr.
Randall asked as a personal favor
that he be given a few minutes more, but Mr.
Mills replied: No, I must dr aw the line and I
draw it here." This was greeted with groans
and hisses. In the midst ot the confusion Mr.
McKinley (O who was to follow Mr. Randall,
said he would give the gentleman from Penn
sylvania lifteen minutes of his time, and Mr.
Breckinridge (Ky.) made a similar offer.
Mr. Randall then resumed. declared the
Mills bill would bring about incalculable injury
to the industries of America. could Unci
nothing in the bill which gave a return for free
wool. found many inequalities in it, and
discovered few features intended to relieve the
poor or the laboring man quoted from
Edward Atkinson to show that since the close
of the war, and even since the so-called panic
of Is73, there had been greater progress in the
common welfare among the people of the
United States than ever before. The state
ments of Mr. Atkinson, Mr. Randa ll thought,
seemed to settle the question as to
whether we should adhere to the benevo
lent policyof protecti ntg hoeanuacture.
^onstrate unmisakab lm thme trutf that ts
wages products must be increased, for
5 wages were but the laborers' share
iducts. If the tariff itself did not give
uigUti- wages to the laborer it did preserve
from foreign competition the industries fror#
which the laborer received his wages. Re
ferring to the fundament al proposition which
had been advanced i this tariff discussion,
that the duties were always added to the price
to the consumer, Mr. Randa ll said that on
articles not produced in this country this
doubtless was true as a general rule,
and measurably true on articles in part pro
duced in this country, but not in sufficient
quantiti es to supply the home market. On all
commodities produced in sufficient quantities
to supply the home market a different principle
controlled. In these things competition deter
mined the price and the foreign producers
came into this market where the prices were
fixed, and th duties were what he paid for the
privilege of coming into the market. Another
erroneous proposition that had been put for
ward was that duties on articles produced in
this country were a tax or bounty which the
consumer paid to the manufacturer by which
the. manufacturer derived large profits. Mo
nopolies, Mr Randall said, existed without
the tariff. The Standard Oil Trust and other
trusts were not protected by it. was for
protection of labor in all States. Referring
TO the late Secretary Manning's re
ports on economic questions, he said that they
were marvels of honest, conscientious and ef
fective labor. quoted extensively from
them. then took up the criticisms that had
been made on the metal schedules of
his own bill, and quoted figures
sustaining his position. The Mills bill
placed on the free list as so-called raw ma
terials various articles which it would be im
possible to manufacture in this country, ex
cept by reducing American labor to a worse
condition than that of the laborers of Europe.
asserted that instead of reducing customs
revenue 854,000,000, the effect would be to
largely increase the revenue, while it would
destroy an incalculable amount of material
wealth. stated that the bill would give free
tin plates to the Standard Oil Company, and
would impose a duty of 100 peV cent, on rice.
I would make free the animals imported by
the gentlemen of the turf, and free statuary to
the millionaire. said he did not think
that the adoption of the committee's
bill would make sure Democratic control
of the Federal Government. would not
be coerced by party caucus. The period of the
political caucus had departed never to return
and yet the party should confer and have unity
if possible. I conclusion, Mr. Kanda ll spoke
of industrial development, in the Southern
States. A new era of industrial enterprise,"
he said, "has already dawned upon the South.
No sectioM of the country possesses greater
natural advantages than the South, with her
genial climate, her limitless raw materials, her
nines of coal and iron, with abundant labor
ready \o develop them. Considering what has
been there achieved in a single decade, what
nay not a century bring forth from her, under
i system calculated to favor the highest indus
rial development? When I re ad the history
my country and consider the past and pres
ent, and refleot on what is before us, 1 can not
believe that tne mea that went dtwn in the
convulsions of 1861 will ever again dominate
the destinies of the republic."
Mr. McKinley (O.) followed Mr. Randall.
said all were agreed
that there should be a,
reduction of taxation
the contention was as
to the manner of doing
it. All parties also
agreed that the tobacco
tax should be abolished.
During the last session,
however, the Speaker
had refused to recog
nize a member who
arose to offer a bill to
abolisb that tax. Su ch
a measure would have
passed by a tiro-thirds
w. M'KiNtBT, JK. vote and there would
not now be an immense surplus in the Treasury
to disturb the country. Aside from the tobacco
tax there was $40,000,000 still collected in ex
cess of the public necessities, and on the ques
tion of how this amount could best be remitted
was where parties and individuals divided.
This was an issue which left the past behind
and looked only to the present and the future.
I was an issue that appealed neither to race
nor to geographical linesan issue which the
House could discuss and divide upon as each
member should honestly believe was for the
best interest of the individual citizen and the
country at large. congratulated the country
that it had that issue now, and in that spirit he
welcomed the issue sharply made by the Pres i
dent of the United States in this bill.
Proceeding to discuss the merits of the bill,
which he called a revenue for tarff measure,
Mr. McKinley said that wool, a foreign pro
duct, the like of which was produced at home
in quantities large enough to supply the do
mestic consumption, was put upon the free
list, while sugar, a foreign product, th like of
which was produced at home, but in insuffici
ent quantities to supply the American con
sumption, was left upon the dutiable list, and
therefore the tax was added to the cost of
sugar to every consumer in the United States.
Wool was placed upon the free list
because the tax upon it would pro
tect the producers of this country. The
revenue-tariff system put a duty so low as
to stimulate foreign importations. This was
conspicuously illustrated in cotton bagging, the
duty on which this bill reduced so low as to
prevent their manufacture in this country, as
was the testimony of every manufacturer from
Missouri to South Carolina. Take from the
bill the internal revenue provisions, the $24,-
500,000 reductions in tobacco and in special
licenses, and you would make not a dollar of
reduction in the Treasury. Th 8-27,030,003 re
duction expected to be effected by the free list
would be more than offset by the increased
revenue which would result from the lower
Proceedi ng to point out what he called some
of the ridiculous features of the bill, Mr. Mc
Kfhley said that the duty -ai steel billets had
been increased from 45 per cent, to 03 per cent,
ad valorem, thereby eausingnn increase of from
?i to !i percent, on every pound of wire fencing
that inclosed the farms of the West. The duty
on cut nails de from steel billets was re
duced 25 per cent., while the duty on raw ma
terial was increased 45 per cent. declared,
that the bill was sectional in that every cotton
planter could get hoop-iron for his cotton ties
free of duty, while the farmers of the West
mu=t pay for the same iron 1 cents a pound
if he wishes to bind his thatch or his pail.
There were other strange features the bill.
It placed a duty of 2 cents a pound on white
lead, while orange mineral made from white
lead wi reduced to \V2 cents a pound. Colors
and paints were made dutiable at 20 per cent.,
while the manufactures of them were dutiable
at 10 per cent.
What in the world had the bill done for the
peopie anyway? What did it give the farmer?
Every thing he raised was put on the free list
and every thing he bought was dutiable exce pt
sheep dip. Ti plates were made free. They
wore made of 97^j per cent, of sheet iron and
2',-J per cent. tin. Tin plates were made free
and sheet, iron was dutiable at 2 cents a pound.
He might spend two hours pointing out such in
consistencies, but he left that for the live
Turning to the revenue part of the bill, he
criticised Hie provision repealing the law which
authorized the destruction of illicit stills, al
lowing th em to be preserved for future viola
tions of the law. The bill also provides, in case
a man was arrested for ill cit distilling, that
the judge should look after his well-being and
comfort while in prison. That provision did
not apply to any other class of criminals. There
was one feature of the bill, which was not by
any means its worst feature,but which of itself
was enough to defeat the entire measure, and
that was the substitution of th ad-valorem
I system of assessment for the specific system.
There was not a single nation except .Sngland
that imposed ad-valorem rates on imported
articles, and England had abandon ed that ex
cept upon one article, for the reason that there
can be no honest administration of the revenue
law as long as the value of the imported article
was to be left to be ascertained by exper ts
thousands of miles away from the point of pro
Passing on to a discussion of the general ef
fect of the protection system on the people, he
said he eared not whether the present prosper
ous condition of the country was the result of
protection or not. The fact that that condition
had come with protection ought to make Con
gress hesitate before it abandoned the system.
New England prosperity was due largely to the
protective tariff, and her prosperity had been a
positive benefit to every one of the 00,0O0,0OJ
people of the United State s. cited statistics,
to show the large amount of the farm
products of the North and West which were
consumed in New England, and asked if New
England was not a better market than old En
gland for the people of the United State s. Th
cotton production alone that went into New En
gland in 18S0 wasftlO per cent, greater than all
our domestic exports to the United Kingdom.
The principal trammel on the American
manufacturer was-the high price for libor, and
if the Democratic par ty intended to enable our
manufacturers to compete with foreign manu
facturers in a neutr al market it could only do
it by reducing the scale of wages in the United
It has been asserted that the wages of Amer
ican labor were not higher than those of Euro
pean labor. read a letter from Mr. Bar
bour of the Barbour Spinning Company of
Paterson, N. J., who was also interest ed in a
flax manufactory in Ireland, in which he said
that the 1,400 Americans in Paterson get as
much wages as the 2,900 employed in Ireland.
"This bill," commented Mr. McKinley, "pro
poses to equalize American production with
European by bringing down American wages,
and I give you notice that you can .not do it.
He also read a letter received from the Singer
Sewing Machine Company, of Elizabeth, N J.
and Glasgow, stating that the wages of the
American workmen were $35,000, against $18,-
000 to the employes in Glasgow, where there
were one-third more laborers employed.
Mr. Herbert (Ala.)"Can the gentleman give
us the price that a sewing woman pays for her
machi ne in Scotland and in New Jersey?"
Mr. McKinley'- I am told the prices are
abo ut the same. If any thing the machine in
Scotland costs a little more than the machine
in America." Proceeding, he said that the
country was ready for free trade the moment
European producors would bring the ir labor up
to the American standard. That was the free
trade the country wanted. Gentlemen talked
about cheap clothing. Cheap clothing was too
narr ow for a National issue. had nev er had
any complaints from men in his district that
the ir clothes were too high.
Mr. Morse (Mass.)"They did not buy of
Mr. McKinley"If they had bought of the
gentleman from Massachusetts it would not
have made any difference. The gentleman will
know his own goods (producing a suit of
clothes). The chairman of the Ways and
Means Committee talked about the labor man
who worked en day for $1 a day and then went
to buy a suit of clothes for $10. found he
could have bought it for 810, but the robber
manufacturers have been down to Congress and
had 100 per cent, put upon the suit and he has
to go back for ten days more of toil and the use
of his muscle to earn the extra $10 to buy it. A
gentleman who heard that speech sends me a
suit of clothes. I hold in my hand tue bill4J
D. Williams bought of Leopold, Morse & Co.
To one suit all-wool clothes, $10.' [Laughter].
And I never knew before of a gentleman en
gaged in that busine ss selling without a profit.
This is the very J10 suit of all-wool described
by the gentleman from Texas whi ch can be
bought in Boston, Chicago, New York and other
cities for $10 at retail40 per cent, cheaper
than in 1860 under a low tariff and low wages."
Mr. McKinley then turned to the tariff on the
poor man's blanket, and quoted from the books
of a blanket-manufacturing firm to ishow that
a blanket that sold in 1860 for $10 could bought
now for $5.85. and that which sold for $13 for
$0.80. I 1830 the spinner got $6 a week, now he
got $15. The weaver, In 1860, got $4, the un
skilled finisher $4.50, and the skilled J6. To-day
they get $10, $9 and $16.
When Mr. McKinley concluded he was greet
ed with round after round of applause, and
was immediate ly surrounded by his party col
leagues, who were profuse in their congratula
THE TARIFF DEBATE*
Representative Reed Closes tlie Discussion
for the ProtectionistsAn Incontroverti
ble Criticism of Cleveland's Free-Trade
Ideas. WASHINGTON, May 21.The debate on the
tariff closed on Saturday, Mr. Heed, of
Maine, delivering the last appeal in favor
of protection and home industries.
Mr. Reed took strong ground in favor of protec
tion. Referring to the President's assumption
in his messa ge that the
amount of duty on pro
tected goods is paid by
the consumer and goes
into the manufactur-
ers' pockets, he said
if it were true, accord
ing to statistics, the
would be enormous,
and men acting on it
ought to wipe out the
tariff instead of a mere
reduction of 7 per cent,
as is proposed in
the bill. Wealth comes
from a man's in- T. B. REED.
dustry. Diversified industry which protection
fosters gives the needed opportuni ty and com
petition gives the lowest prices.
If it be true that by havi ng their goods manu
factured abroad the people of the United
States as a whole would become richer and
more prosperous would have the ir houses
better furnished, the ir tables spread with
finer linen, and covered with more health
ful food if their bodies would be protected
by warmer woolens-from the cold of Maine
and by finer clothing from the burning sun*
of Texas if they would, on the wholes
and from generati on to generation, enjoy mora
of the comforts and luxuries of life, and would!
themselves be more intelligent, more- inde-
pendent, and better fitted to be the citizens
of a Republic already great, and destined to
be mighty beyond all former dreams-of em
pire, then by all means sink National preju
dice, burst the barriers of provincial narrow
ness, and with one accord adopt not merely
the present bill, but such legislation as would
treble the spindles of Europe and destroy our
own, such measures as would put out our fur
naces and illumine those bevond the sea.
Napoleon was right when he said that Europe
must be Cossack or republican Lincoln was
right when he said the United States must be
either free or slave. The house divided against
itself has to unite or fall. Th revenue reform
argument was either false pretense or covered
the whole ground. Protection was eith er in
its essence a benefit or a curse.
The President was the leader of the Democ-.
racy. was also the dispenser of patronag e,
and as he was rapidly shaking the dust of Civil
Service reform off his feet he was assuming con
trol over his party. There was but one free
trade, and the President was it3 prophe t.
There are remarkable figures to be deduced
from the President's message figures which
must light up the pathway of Democratic duty
with the electric light of conscience. I 1887
$-10,000,000 of woolen goods were imported,
paying S2?,000,000 of duties, 40 per cent,
on cost and duties. This went to the
Government. Three hundred and fifty
six millions of domestic woolen manufactures
were brought that same year by the impover
ished American people. Under the radiant
light of the message, it would be seen that
14-2,000,000 of that money went into
the gaping pockets of manufacturers and
were lost forever to the down-trodden
people. W imported $31,000,0:0 worth of silks
we manufactured $46,000,000, of which $10,-
500,000 lined the purses of the plunderers.
The same story could be told of every pro
tected industry, until the total of more than
1.000,000,003 of the people's money rolls
into the pockets of these licensed robbers of
the poor. If this messa ge from our rul er
be true, every factory is the abode of
a robber baron, more fell and sure
than ever swooped down a European bill
side to harry a cavalcade of hone st merchants.
In every mine lurked a more dreadful
giant than ever before%melled the blood of an
Englishman. But what do the friends of vir
tue propose to do with these wicked peopie?
The castles of the marauders were still to
smoke up on the hill-tops, an'l the tall chim
neys were still to break the sky-line of this
unhappy country? They are to be allowed to
rob within 7 psr cent, of what they rob now,
and as a compensati on they were to be let
loose upon the markets of the world, where,
according to the learned chairman, they were
to reap larger wealth and pile up statlier mill
If the President w-as right, and the gentle
men did not da re to doubt him, an annual trib
ute was paid protected manufacturers out of
the pockets of the people, more impoverishing
than ever was exacted by an Oriental despot.
In the race of duty to free the people from this
iron yoke, you gentlemen stand higgling
about the amount of the tribute. Instead of
$47 for every hundred they proposed to give $40
of the people's money, and throw into the trade
the markets of the world. If it be a tribute,
be bold and sweep it away. Why
did they hesitate? Was it because they
dared rot be caught lowering the wages of the
\aboring men who have votes? I it out of
mercy to the capitalists that you falter?
you say there is capital invested under our
laws, and we must keep faith with those who
have invested it? Whether faith should be
kept with such vampires, is for you to say.
But surely no better faith need be
kept than to pay back every cent they have
invested. If the President be right, and John
Randolph Tucker be right, if the honorable
and gallant member be right, if J. S. Moore,
who fixes the tribute of 1882 at $1,000,(100,000
more than any of us be right, if they all be
right, then every year more than $1,000,000,000
come out of the people for these men.
did not propose to defend protection. Its
vast growth within the last quarter of a cen
tury, defended it better even than eloquent
orations. Russia, the granary of Europe, had
abandoned free trade, with tho stirring result
that, whereas, in 1870, before the duties were
raised, she bought 8.000,000 hundred-weight
of British metals and paid therefor $30,000,-
000 she got the same quantity in 1881 and paid
only $17,000,000 for it. Austria, Germany, Ita
ly, Mexico and the Dominion of Canada, that
child of Britain herself, had all joined the army
of protection. I was the instinct of humanity
against the assumptions of the bookmen. I
was the wisdom of the race against the wisdom
of the few.
For a nation to get out of itself, or out of the
earth, all the wealth there was in both it was
not necessary for the nation to buy cheap or
sell dear. That concerned individuals alone.
What concerned the nation was how to utilize
all the work there was in men, both in muscle
and brains, of body and of soul, in the great en
terprise of settling in motion the ever-gratuit
ous forces of nature.
Here in ths United States were 60,000,000
people, with all the varied characters their
numbers indicate. Some had faculties fit for
farming, so me for the management of machin
ery, some for invention. Th problem before
Congress was what system would get from all
these creatures, so different from each other,
the maximum of work and wealth and wisdom.
There was only one way to get the best work
out of men, and that was to give each the work
he can do best. You can only accomplish this
by diversifying industry. diversify industry
completely in a country such as ours, there
was but one way given under heaven among
me n. enable the American people them
selves to supply all their wants you must give
and assure to the American people the Ameri
"My dear," said Mrs. Snaggs to
her husband, "What is a canardP"
"Don't you knovvj what a canard is?"
queried Snaggs, rather sneeringly.
"Why, the word itself conveys its
own meaning." "Does it? Well,
really, I can't see it. What does it
mean, dear?" "Why, a canard is
something one canardly believe,, of
Early rising, says the Medical Rec
ord, is one of the characteristics of
people who live long lives. Of course,
if they do not go to bed early also it is
plain how they get their long lives.
N. Y. Graphic.
Mr. Einstetter (in the bosom of his
family)."How mooch mein liddle
Davit loaf he's fatherheh?" Little
David."Von hundert per cend., no
discound, fasd golors, mit exchanche
on Lohndon!" Mr. Einstetter (in an
agony of filial love)."Ach! mein
fader's own chrantson, say dot agins!"
When a public man is called
"Honest Jake" or "Honest Tom" it is
time to examine his account*.N. O.
Strawberries never are good until
they are cheap. Any boarding-house
keeper can tell you that much.#. 6.
Bacon probably had his next door
neighbor's piano in his mind's eye when
he wrote, "Full of sound and fury, sig
Young bachelor"I see Mrs. John
Sherwood says American men are the
most indulgent husbands in the world."
Married man"Humph! We have to
be."- Omaha World.
"Discrepancies in my accounts?"
repeated the bank cashier indignantly
"not a bit of it. The accounts are all
right to a mill. The trouble is with the
Dr. John Hall, of New York, is
worth a million, and preaches to a con
gregation worth $400,000,000. Let the
camel be greased and have the needle's
eye reamed out.Alta California.
Washington hostess (giving an
evening party)"James, are the am
bulances at the door?" James
"Yes, ma'am."-"Washington hostess
"Then you may announce supper."
mster"I understand that you
believe that a person is suffi
cienriy punished on the earth for his
misdeeds?" Neighbor"O, yes, I do
now but 1 didn't until I heard you
It is a curious thing that so many
people who sell goods below cost man
age to use pure cream in their coffee
and keep two base burners in operation.
A scientist says that the reason why
people blush in the face is because that
is the only portion of the body which is'
exposed to view. This scientist is not
in the habit of attending balls. Bur
lington Free Press.
"1 wish I knew what to preach
about next Sunday," said Rev. Mr.
Smoothtext. "Preach against the evils
of riches." suggested the elder "there
isn't a man in our church worth over
"1 think an egg would make that
coffee settle, Mrs. Scadgers," said the
impecunious boarder heedlessly. "If
the i*eeipe is a sure one, pray let me
oner you an egg, Mr. Sloapa," re
sponded the landlady severely, and
then tho conversation languished.
Boston Commercial Bulletin.
Miss Marlboro"I had such a mis
fortune to-day, professor. My parrot
escaped and I haven't seen it since."
Professor (of mathematics)"Indeed?
How sad! And yet, do you know, Miss
Marlboro, your affliction could be beau
tifully diagrammed." Miss Marlboro
"All?" Professor"Yes it's a pol-
ly-gone."Detroit Frez Press.
SLAUGHTER OF TRAMPS.
A Brakeman Tells lloxv the Gentry of the
Road Steal Hides.
Statistics of the number of tramps
killed annually in railroad accidents
are appalling, but no attention is paid
to this wholesale slaughter of an un
desirable element of society. However,
for the amount of traveling done by
the worthless gentry of the road, the
accident rate is very small. Scarcely a
passenger or freight train makes a trip
but one or more tramps ride on the
trucks or "blind baggage." Should an
accident occur they are very liable to
be injured, but the number of marvel
ous escapes they make causes one to
imagine they lead charmed lives. 1
was on a train two weeks ago when I
saw a tramp escape in a way that was
simply marvelous. Our train ran on
a switch and into a freight. The two
engines were badly smashed, and the
first passenger car was piled on top
of the freight engine. The engineer
of the former and both firemen were
killed. When everybody had rushed
out and the true state of affairs was
discovered, there emerged from under
the cars piled on the engine, a badly
scared tramp who was not injured at
all. He walked away very calmly after
shaking himself, and no doubt left on
the trucks of the next train. These
fellows become very expert at riding in
difficult places. As the cars are ex
amined at most stations, they have to
hide between the trucks or get off. In
the latter case they run under the car
and resume their place while the train
is moving. "Blind baggage" is another
method of stealing a ride. This is a
technical phrase to designate the plat
form of the baggage-car that is coupled
to the engine. There is no entrance to
the car, and hence when the train starts
at night the tramp runs and jumps to
the platform, where he can remain un
seen until the next station, where he
jumps off as the train slows up. He is
safe from the conductor and brakeman,
and is only in danger of discovery from
the engine. The fireman and engineer
if tender-hearted will not disturb him,
but otherwise they pelt him with coal
and throw water upon him until he is
glad to leave when the train stops. If
he has luck he can ride all night more
safely than on the truck, but he gets a
dose of cinders and smoke from the
engine.St. Louis Globe-Democrat,
he Ways of Nature.
In the universe every thing is changing
and every thing is in motion, for motion
itself is the first condition of vitality.
The firm ground, long thought to be
immovable, is subject to incessant mo
tion the very mountains rise or sink
not only do the winds and ocean cur
rents circulate round the planet, but
the continents themselves, with their
summits and valleys, are changing
jtheir places and slowly traveling round
the circle of the globe. In order to
explain all these geological phenome
na it is no longer necessary to im
agine alterations in the earth's axis,
ruptures of the solid crust, or gigantic
subterranean downfalls. This is not
-the mode in which nature generally
proceeds she is more calm and more
regular in her operations, and, chary of
her right, brings about changes of the
grandest character without even the
knowledge of the beings that she nour
ishes. She upheaves mountains and
dries up seas without disturbing the
flight of the gnat. Some revolution
which appears to us to have been pro
duced by a mighty cataclysm has, per
haps, taken thousands of years to ac
GLADSTONE is said to have received $1,209
for a magazine article.
TRANSLATORS of French works are so
plenty that 20 now pays for the translation
of any new French novel.
ANY one can now buy a translation of the
"Kalevala," the epic poem of Finland,
which Max Muller pronounces the equal of
THE highest price ever paid for a book in
Germany is said to be $1,650, given for a
copy of the original Latin edition of the
"Letters of Columt as," printed in 1493.
A WOMAN'S Scho )1 of Journalism has
been opened in Detroit, where girls are
taught type-setting, short-hand, proof-read
ing, revision of manuscript and reporting
so far as it can be taught.
A Jolting on the Rail
Grievously disturbs the stomach of invalid
travelers. The motion of the ship and vi
bration of the screw in crossing the ocean
does the like for many in good health. All
travelers should have, as a companion,
Hostetter's Stomach Bitters, which for*'fies
and regulates the stomach and bowels, coun
teracts hurtful influences of climate and
changes of temperature, and is a sovereign
remedy for malarial, rheumatic and kidney
IT is a little funny, isn't it that draught
causes a cold, cures a cold and pays the
doctor's billlPhiladelphia Gall.
A Madman at X.arge i
He is a well-known citizen, and his nearest
and dearest friends do not suspect his in
sanity. How do we happen to know about
it? Listen his appetite is gone, he is low
spirited, he don't sleep -well, he has night
sweats, he is annoyed by a hacking cough.
These symptoms are the forerunners of con
sumption and death, and yet he neglects
them. Is it any wonder that we call Iiim a
madman? If you are his friend tell him to
get a bottle of Dr. Pierce's Golden Medical
Discovery without delay. It will cure him
if he takes it in time. It will not miracu
lously create new lungs when the old ones
are nearly gone, but it will restore diseased
ones to a healthy condition. Tell him about
it, and warn him that in his case delay
A BOY live years of age is astounding the
people of Haddonfield, Pa., and surround
ings with his phenomenal chess playing.
He has defeated the experts of his vicinity
and baffles those of years and experience.
IF afflicted with Sore Eyes use Dr. Isaac
Thompson's Eye Water. Druggists sell it 25c.
A POLITICAL candidate will often win a
man over to his side by a simple drink.
This is what is known as a winning smile."
The fact that the sp.le of Dr. Pierce's
Pleasant Purgative Pellets exceeds that of
any other pill in the market, be it great or
small, is on account of the fact that they are
tiny, little, sugar-coated granules, and that
in most cases one little "Pellet" is sufficient
for a dose that they are purely vegetable
and perfectly harmless and for constipa
tion, biliousness, sick headache, and all dis
eases arising from dei-angement of the liver,
stomach or bowels, they are absolutely a
specific. A gentle laxative or active cathar
tic, according to size of dose.
ALL for the betterthe jack pot.N. Y.
W E are informed that anew and powerful
ly-written story, delineating college life in
America, and the remarkable religious ex
perience of a former infidel and other stu
dents, in which the great truths of Chris
tianity are dealt with in a manner calculated
to interest all readers, has just been written
expressly for the christian Herald, by Rev.
L. S. Keyser, author of the famous and pop
ular story, The Way Out." The first chap
ter appears May 24, under the the title of
"The Epochs of a Life," and will be con
tinued from week to week. This journal is
now the most popular and extensively-read
illustrated religious paper published. For
sale or can be ordered at all news-dealers.
Price, 3c. Subscription price, 5?1.50 per year.
Address 63 Bible House, New York
MONEY is an enigma that every body must
give up.iV. Y. Journal.
Use the great specific for cold in the
head" and catarrhDr. Sage's Catarrh
UP in armsthe man who makes them.
A SKIXG garmentthe wire bustle.
For The Nervous
PRES Nervous Prostration.NervousHea*.
.Stomach and Liver Diseases, and all
affections of the Kidneys.
AS A NERVE TONIC, It Strengthen*
and Qulet3 the Nerves.
AS AN ALTERAT.VE, It Purines and
Enriches the Blood.
AS A LAXATIVE, It acts mildly, but
surely, on the Bowels.
AS A DIURETIC, It Regulates the Kid.
Beys and Cures their Diseases.
Recommended by professional and business men.
Price $i.oo. Sold by druggists. Send for circulars.
WELLS, RICHARDSON & CO.. Proprietors*
CHICAGO, ST. PAULl
& OMAHA RAILWAY.
THE BEST EQUIPPED LINE O
CHICAGO, OMAHA 0 KANSAS CITY.
tr^* These Vestibuled
Trains are limited as
to time but not limited
as to the number of
All classes of passen
gers carried, with sepa
rate apartments for
each class, and
NO EXTRA FARES.
Trains Eastward will
run as follows:
Minneapolis, 6:50 P.M.
St. Paul, 7:30 P.M.
Milwaukee, 7:40 A.M.
Chicago, 9:30 A.M.
The Sleeping Cars on these trains have
been prepared especially for this service,
and together with the VESTUBTXLED Din
ing Oars, Coaches and Baggage Cars are
the finest equipped trains of their class
in the world.
TICKETS AT LOWEST BATE S, and good
on these Vestibuled Trains, can be- se*
eured at the following officas:
8t. Paul-159 East TMrd Street.
Minneapolis13 Nicollet House Block.
Duluth112 West Superior Street.
Also at St. Paul and Minneapolis
Union Depots and at offices of connect
ing lines. Sleeping Oar Accommoda
tions secured in advance.
NOTE.The above advertised time is
the actual running time, and the motto
of the Northwestern Line is
"ALWAYS ON TIME."
E. W WINTER, 7 B. CLARKE,
GeaU Manager. Genl Traffic Managsft
T. W. TEASDALE,
Gen'l Passesset Ag't, ST. PAOK.
MAT SHIBPUSS, a zdne-ya. "*-oW
York girl, is said to"he the richey"*
ch u*or*windHe a
America. She has in her own rib
ane estimated latrine million doX13,1^-
is thought that te|fyear& hence shoA'V"1
the richest women* on the'.eontineni.
SONOMA COUNTS-, Gel.t hajp'% wild wov.na
who will not eat the food of human bein^
nor dwell with mankind, praferring instead
to run over the mountains- as the compan
ion of cattle. Her name is Mary Terry,
and she is said to be the daughter of a
FREE! A 8-foot French Glass, Oval
Front, Nic-kel or Cherry Cigar Case. MER
CHANTS ONLY. K. W. TAXSILL & Co. .Chicago.
A WAXKIXG-STICK may be described as
"the old man's strength and the young
man's weakness," and an umbrella as a
fair and foul weather friend who has had
many ups and downs in the-world."
THE microbe of the human racea dude.
BOUND to sellthe gaudily-covered novel
Of cares accomplished by Hood's Sarsaparilla can
never be completely written. Thousands with
hearts overflowing with gratitude have written to
us telling of the wonderful things Hood's Sarsapa
rilla has accomplished for them. The peculiar
curative powers of Hood's Sarsaparilla are success
ful when everything else has failed. If your blood
is impure, your digestion out of order, your kidneys
and liver inactive, your body tired and full of aches
ana pains, try this peculiar medicine. I twill do you
For twenty years I have been troubled with dys
pepsia and liver complaint. My bowels have been
constipated, so that I had to take pills continually.
I tried many different medicines to no effect. Last
spring I WE3. recommonded to try Hood's Sarsapa
rilla, and one bottle cured me. My bowels are now
regular, I have no liver difficulty, and the dyspepsia
has entirely disappeared. I can eat anything with
out distressing me. Hood's Sarsaparilla was a God
send to me." J. B. IIoil.vnECK, So. Fallsburg,
Sullivan Co., N. Y.
Sol-d by all druggists. $1 six for $5. Prepared only
by C. I. HOOD & CO., Apothecaries, Lowell, Mast.
IOO Doses One Dollar
Our new stamping outfit ia free to,
erery reader of thia publication it
contains IOO perforated stamping
patterns and includes a great variet'
of all sizess that are wanted. Thi^
outfit is a real work of art no
stamping outfit has ever been
offered heretofore, on which
anything like so much artistic
ability was brought to bear. With
eachoutatis A BOX of UEST STAM P-
ISO POWDER, FAD, A.ND BOOK of
INSTRUCTIONS, givins full directions'
for stamping, tells how to mako the
powder and stamping paint, con
tains instructions for JL list re,
KeiiHlnstunandllaiKl painting?, tells colors tones
in paintingred, white, blue, yullow, pink and other flowers
also contains hints and instructions on other matters, too nu
merous to mention. Bought singly, or a few nattcrns at a time,
at usual prices, the equal of tho abovo would"-ost SIO. Al
though it is free, yet this is tho Ttecal ieen
Stamping Outfits and on every hand is acknowledged to
be superior, yes, very much superior, and very much mora
desirable than those which hare been selling for S I each and
upwards. By having 200,000 of these outfits made for us,
during the dull season, wo get them at first cost the manu
facturer was glad to take tho order, at cost, that his help might
be kept at work. All mny depend that it is the very best, most
artistic and in every way desirable outfit ever put bofoio tha
public. Farm and Housekeeper (monthly, 1G large pages, 64
long columns, regular prico 75 cents a year) is generally ac
knowledged to be the best genoral agricultural, housekeeping
and family journal in America it iscntertaininGrandof great
est interest, as woll as useful its contributors embrace the widest
range of brilliant talent. Furthermore, we havo lately becoma
managing owners of that grand monthly, Sunshine, fop
youthalso for those all ages whoso
hearts are not withered 1U large pages. 64 long col
umns, regular price 75 cents a year. Sunshine is known favor
ably as the best youth's monthly in America. The best writers
for youth, in the world, aro its regular contributors it is now
quoted all over the world as standing at the head. Both papers
aro splendidly illustrated by tho best artists. We will take
200,000 triiii year subscribers at a prico which gives ua but
a portion of tho cost.
OCI? Furthermore, everv trial year subscriber, for
IraEI ei'ber of tho papers will receive free by mail
BBSaB our new SOO pattern Stamping Outfit. Trial
year subscriptions will be received for either of
the papers as follows: 1 subscription and 1 outfit. JS3 cents
3 subscriptions and SJ outfits, if sent at one time, 2 cents
4 subscriptions and 4 outfits, if sent at one time,SI. For 81
send a dollar bill, but for leBS, send l-ent postage "tamps.
Better at once get three friends to join you, at 25 cents each!
you can do it in a few mhvutc3 and they will thank you pa
pers will bo mailed regularly to their separate addresses. Whilo
trial year subscribers are served for much less tha:i
cost, it proves the rule that a very large proportion of all who
read cither paper for a year, want it thereafter, and aro willing
to pay the regular prico of 75 cents a year through this, ai
timejolls on,_\vo a profit that us
trial year subscription ar= almost free
an this the IScglQue Stamp.
___ inK best knownis en
tircly free. It is the greatest and best oiler
cvermado to the public,, J^ai-jje Bizes of patternsevery
size that can bo desired is included all other outfits surpassed,
by this, tho best, the most artistic, the Xtegal Queen.
Below we give a list of a few of the patterns space is too valua
ble to admit of naming all: 1 Poppies for Scarf. 7 1-2 inch
2 Tidy design,71-2 inch 3 Splendid Tinsel design, 8 inch i
Golden l!od,4 inch 51'ond Lilies: 6 Pansies 7 Moss Kose Buds:
STubeltoscs: 9Wheat ]0Oak Leaves llMaiden HnirFcms
12 Boy 13Girl's Head 14Bird 15 Strawberries 16Owl 17
Dog 18 Butterfly 19 Apple Blossoms 20 C'alla Lily 21 Anchor
22 Morning Glories 23 Japanese Lilies 24 ltabbit 2o Bum-h For
get-me-nots 26Fuchsias 27 Bell Drops 28 Fan 29 Clown's
Head: 30 Cat's Hearr. O other splendid patterns are included
in this Itcgal Queen of stamping outfitsin all IOO
patterns. Safe delivery guaranteed. Possessing this outfit any
lady can, without expenso, mako home beautiful in many ways,
can embroider childrens' and ladies' clothing in the most charm
ing manner, and readily make money by doing stamping,
Lustre, Kensington and Hand painting for others. A good stamp
ing outfit is indispensable to every woman who cares to ntaka
home beautiful. This outfit contains patterns for each anil every
branch of needle work, flower painting, etc., and tho Book
of Instructions makes all clear and really easy. This
outfit will do more for HOME and LADIES than many times the
amount of a trial year subscription spent otherwise no horns
should bo with out it. Tho beautiful designs of this HEOAI.
QUEEN of outfits AEE ALL THE RAGE wherever seen when
ever one or two reach a locality their fame spreads, and many
TltlAL YEAR, subscriptions usually follow. Many who have
paid from $ 1 to$$& for outfits and were satisfied until they saw
our designs, have secured our outfit and laid aside forever tho
others. Those who subscribo will find tho papers well worth
several times tho trifllngcost of a trial year subscription, and
tho majority will make up to us the loss, that this year we incur,
through such alow price, by continuing subscribers, year after
year, at tho regular price, which all will be willing to admit ia
low enough. Tho money will gladly bo refunded toonyono
Who is not fully satisfied. Address,
GEOKGESTINSON&CO..BOX 242 PoSTIdUTD. ILUirE.
Bar NAME THIS TAPER every time jou writ*.
Highest Honors at all Great World's E xh ibitions since
1867. 100 styles, 822 to S900. For Cash. Easy 1 ayments,
or ItenteU. Catalogue, 40 pp., 4to, free.
Mason Hamlin do not hesitato to make the extra
ordinary claim that their Pianos aro superior to alt
others. This they attribute solely to the remarkable
improvement introduced by them in 1882, now known
a" he- "MASO,. N &HA!\fT.TM PIA NU PH Fu
"I" ^...^i. uuiil-UU lllfl 11RTiTCrji?tj 1 IOO^, I1UVV
as the MASO N & HAMLI N PIANO O STIUNUEE
particulars by mail
BOSTON, 154 Tremont St. CHICAGO, 149 Wabash Ave.
NKW YORK, 4 6 East 14th St. (Union Square.)
-NAMiS THIS PAPER CTcrr tims jou Trrto.
Wholly unlike artificial systems.
Cure mind wandering.
Any book learned I rendin.
Classeps!olfi 108T at Baltimore. 1006 at Detroit. at
llia H13 aot Washingtong. 11
at Bostonjarge classes of
ale Layw Wellesley, OberliColumbia Universit ostudents.. Penn
Michigan Universlty,Chautauqua,&c.,&c.I EndorsedDr.NOS
by RICHARD PROCTOR, the Scientist. Hons W.
BENJAMIN. Judge GB.
BROW N. E H. CopK, Principal N. Y. State Normal
College. &c. Taught by correspondence. Prospectus
POST FREI from PROF. LOISETTE, 237 Fifth Av., N.Y.
V-NAUX THIS PAPKR mry Uos jou wnu.
The most Elezant Blood Purifier, Liver Invigora
tor, Tomo and Appetizer ever known. Th first
fitters con taming Iron ever advertised in America.
Unprincipled persons are imitating the cams: look
out for frauds. See that
the following signature
is on every bottle and
take none other: vivv^ **V
ST.PAUI.,M 1 MN.fi/ ^arist&Chernit
OUR $70 S,
W JX *p 4 \J Tirea. Either Side Spri negr oT Brewster Sprin gi
NOBS retrains nnltas
tamped with tha abore
iot have the "ma SSAITD". send for descriptive catsjlO
If is thE Brea^st Remedy knov/q
CDLTTBTDRUGGISTS AND OEALER5*
THiCftASA.UOGELEH C5 BALTO. M?
The treatment of many thousands of cases
of those chron ic weakness es and distressing
ailments peculiar to females, at the Invalids?
Hotel and Surgical Institute, Buffalo, N Y..
has afforded a vast experience in nicely adapt
ing and thoroughly testing remedies for tha
cure of woman's peculiar maladies.
Dr. IMorce's Favorite Prescription
is the outgrowth, or result, of this great and
valuable experience. Thousands of testimo
nials, received from patients and from phyes
cians who have tested it in the more aggro*
vated and obstinate cases which bad baffled
their skill, prove it to the most wonderf ul
remedy ever devised for the relief and cure or
suffering women I is not recommended as a
"cure-all," but as a most perfect Specific for
woman's peculiar ailments.
A a powerful, invigorating tonic,
it imparts strength to the whole system,
and to tho womb and its appendages in.
particular. For overworked, "worn-out,"
''run-down," debilitated teachers, millinera,,
dressmakers, seamstresses, "shop-girls," house*
keepers, nursing mothers, and feeble women
generally. Dr. Pierce's Favorite Prescription
is tho greatest earthly boon, being unequaled
as an appetizing cordial and restorative tonic.
A a soothingan strengthening
nervine. "Favorite Prescription" is une
qualed and is invaluablo in allaying and sub
duing nervous excitability, irritability, ex-.
haustion, prostration, hysteria, spasms and
other distressing, nervous symptoms com*
monly attendant upon functional and orgunin
disease of the womb. I induces refreshing
sleep and relieves mental anxiety and de
r. Pierce's Favorite Prescription
is a legitimate medicine, carefully
compounded by an experienced and skillful
physician, and adapted to woman's delicat
organization. I is purely vegetable in ill
composition and perfectly harmless in it
effects in any condition of the system. Foi!
morning sickness, or nausea, from whatevef
cause arising, weak stomach, indigestion, dys
pepsia and kindred symptoms, its use, in small
ao8es, will prove very beneficial.
"Favorite Prescription" i a posi
tive cure for the most complicated and ob
Btinate cases of leucorrhea, excessive ilowinr
painful menstruation, unnatural suppressions,
prolapsus, or falling of the womb, weak back,
female weakness, anteversion, retroversion,
bearing-down sensations, chronic congestion,
inflammation and ulceration of the womb, in.
flammation, pain and tenderness in ovaries,
accompanied with internal heat."
A a regulator and promoter of func
tional action, at that critical period of changa
from girlhood to womanhood, Favorite Pre
scription "is a perfectly safe remedial agent,
and can produco only good results. I ia
equally efficacious and valuable in its effects
wnen taken for those disorders and derange
ments incident to that later and most critical
period, known as The Change of Life."
"Favorite Prescription," when taken
in connection with the use of Dr Pierce'a
Golden Medical Discovery, and small laxativo
doses of Dr. Pierce's Purgative Pellets (Little
Liver Pills), cur es Liver, Kidney and Bladder
diseases. Their combined use also removes
blood taints, and abolishes cancerous and
scrofulous humors from the svstem.
"Favorite Prescription" is the only
medicine for women, sold by druggists, under
a positive guarantee, from the manu
facturers, that it will gi ve satisfaction in every
case, or money will be refunded. This guaran
tee has been printed on the bottle-wrapper,
and faithfully carried out for many years.
targe bottles (100 doses) $1.00, six
bottles for $5.00.
For large, illustrated Treatise on Diseases of
Women (160 pages, paper-covered), Bend tea
cents in stamps. Address,
World's Dispensary Medical Association,
663 Main St, BUFFALO, N. TT.
This Shoe is warranted Firot Quality in every respecfc
Very Stylish. J'erfect Fit. Plain Toes ami Tipped. JIen'%
Boys' and Youths'COXGKKSS, BUTTON and LACK. Askyout
dealer tor FARGO'S $2.60 SHOE. It he does not keep thep
send to us, and we will furnish you a pair, Express paid,
on receipt of $3.50. C. II. FAItUO &. CO., Chicago.
NAME THIS TAPER Terj tims jou write.
XX E I
5 Ton Wagon Scales,
Iron Levers, Steel Bearings, Bran
Tare Beam and Beam Box for
BTCTT file Scale. For free priee UU
Bestlon this paper and addreu
mainland in Florida.
and healthful,and climateperfect. Delight*
fuls.urf bathing Winter Unequaled boat*
ing, fishing and hunting. Fine fruit anf
Vegetable Lands below the frost line*
Kor map and Illustrated pamphlet, addret*
ROBINSON, ZKLLVTOOD, ORANGE CO., FLORIDA.
*3-NAit THIS PAPZB (Terr time jou write.
Wanted in every County. Shrewd men to aefiinder initrnctiorr
In our Secret Service. Experience not nccessafjr. Particulars fret*
Grannan DotoctiTe Bureau Co.41 AradD.Cincinaati.Q,
Jkfouenient of the Age. 60 TeacW
ers CO Courses Popular Projtram Noted Speakers!
Hotel and Cottages. W.A.DUNCAN, Syracuse, N.X.
gWHAMB THIS PAPZB trnjUmt youwrit*.
By return mall. Foil description
Moody's New Tailor System of Drest
Cutting. MOODY & CO., Cincinnati, O.
NAME THIS PAPER mry time you write.
UUfl at anything ebo in the world. Either MX CoetlvoatSi
WKKM. TermaFKSX. Addreu, TBCBst ftTiirmti Mi has
WHAM* IHli *AP*K erary ttmejMwiite.
UAUP STUDT. Book-keeping:,Penmanship, Arrtt*
flUMC metlc, Shorthand, etc., thoroughly tamrhl
by mail. Circulars free. BBYA5T*8 COLLXQE. Bal,K.r.
PIS0S CURE FORCONSUMPTIOrt
A N .K..-G 1188
WHEN -WRITING O ADVERTISERS
please state that you saw tha adnrtiM*
anent in this paper.
^r&"? *..attur Quarter Top. Back Boot. Steel Axles and Steel
leathop (except curtans, which are rubber) Bae
Steel Band Wheel, Steel Tir es and Axles, Safety Circle. Eithel
Side Spring or Brewster. Open Buggies 860.00. All work fully warranted.
E HALLOWELL ft CO., Cor. 10th and Minnesota Sts., St. Paul.
Don't waste your money on a gum or rubber coat The FISH B&AKD von'(wasxeyonTinoneyonanmorrnbbercoat.. TbsFISHBH
is sjoiiiteI water and wtiulrBOor, and Trill keep you dry in the
Aakiorth/'FISH BflAND" auccxBandtakenootherrif yours
yourS storekeeperJ doeis BQe^^^^roWBR^SimrnonsL^ostonJas