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The News of the WeeL
TELEGRAPH AND MAIL.
i FIFTIETH CONGRESS.
FMDAT, July 20.The Senate confirmed
Melville W Fuller, of Chicago, for
Justice of the United States Supreme
Court. The vote sto od 41 ayes to 20 noe s.
The Naval Appropriation bill was reported
and placed on the calendar, and the bill to
prohibit the coming of Chinese laborers
into the United. States was considered. I
the House the Senate bill appropriating
350,000 to aid State homes for disabled
volunteers was passed. The conference
report on the River and Harbor bill (*22,-
277,116) was agreed to. A the evening
session twenty-four private pension bills
were passe d.
SATURDAY, July 21In the Senate the
bill to reimburse th depositors of the
Freedman's Bank was discussed and
passed. I appropriates $1,000,000. The
fisheries treaty was discussed in open ses
sion, Mr. Teller speaking against the
measure. I the House the Mills Tariff bill
was passed by a vote of 162 to 149, two Re
publicans voting for and four Democrats
against the measure. A bill was also
passed to provide for the adjudication and
payment of claims arising from Indian
MONDAY, July 23.The conference re
port on the River and Harbor bill was pre
sented to the Senate and agreed to. A
message was received from the President
transmitting the fourth annual report of
the Civil-Service Commission. The fish
eries treaty was further considered, and
the House bill for the relief of the South
ern Illinois Normal University was passed.
I the House the Senate bill to perfect the
quarantine service of the United States
was passed. A bill was introduced to tax
the product of all trusts forty per cent.
TUESDAY, July 24. I the Senate
the Naval Appropriation bill was consid
ered, and an amendment to the Sundry
Civil bill providing for refunding the di
rect war tax paid by the States and Terri
tories in 1861 was favorably reported. A
resolution was offered and referred for the
appointment of a committee of seven Sen
ators to inquire into and report upon the
relations of business and commerce be
t-ween the United. States and Canada. I
the House tho bill forfeiting lands granted
to the Hastings & Dakota railro ad in Min
nesota was passed. The Senate bill pro
viding that the Alien Land act shall not
affect the title to mineral or mining claims
was reported favorably. The Oklahoma
bill was considered.
THE Director of the Mint reported on the
19th that for the year 1887 the product of
gold amounted to $83,000,030, and of silver
to $53,257,000. Coinage of the mints during
the calendar year, 160,379,151.
THERE were 141 business failures in tho
United States during the seven days ended
on the 20th, against 150 the previous seven
THE exchanges at twenty-six' leading
clearing-houses in the United States dur
ing the week ended on the 21st aggregafc
a *943,7?i,301., against y0S,215,333 the pre
vious week. A compared with the corre
sponding week of 1887 the increase amount
to 10.3 per cent.
A 9:55 o'clock on the evening of the 22d
a total eclipse of the moon commenced and
continued four hours. I was generally
observed throughout the United States.
THE physicians of Samuel J. Randall and
relatives on the 23d positively denied the
report that he was sufferi ng from cancer
of the stomach.
THE Treasury Department on the 23d
issued a new twenty-dollar certificate. O
its face in the center is a vignet of the
late Daniel Manning.
ACTING SECRETARY O THE TREASURY
THOMPSON sent a communication to the
House on the 24th giving information of
Canadian discrimination against American
vessels passing through Canadian caji^ls
THE New Hampshire Republicans'*!!!
hold their State convention in Conco rd Sep
LESTER HOWE died at Cobleskill N Y.,
on the 20th, aged seventy-eight years. O
May 22, 1842, he discovered the now famous
Howe's cave, next in size to Mammoth
cave. All his children were married in
GENERAI, SHERIDAN'S physicians report
ed on the 20th that his condition had not
materially altered in the last three days.
O the 20th Rev. E P. Roe the well
known novelist, died in Newburgh, N Y.,
of neuralgia of the heart, aged fifty years.
A Monticello, N Y., Jack Allen was
hanged on the 20th for the murder ol Ulsura
Ulrich last October.
TI IE Legislature of New York on the 20th
abolished the use of machinery in penal in
stitutions, decreeing that convicts shall
make only and by hand the goods required
in the prison system.
THE wife, daughter and two grandchil
dren of W Jones were drowned by the
upsetting of a boat on the 21st on a po nd at
VIOLA and Victor Ramsey, twins, aged
nine years, fell into the Allegheny riveriat
White Rock Station, Pa. on the 21s and
O N the 21st a new oil furor was started
in the Pittsburgh region by the discovery
of oil in the abandoned territory around
Pithole, which was supposed to be worked
out years ago
O the 22d General Sheridan enjoyed his
best day at Nonquitt, Mass. was happy
and restful in mind, his appetite and diges
tion were satisfactory, and all his other
symptoms were favorable.
I a three-mile race at Syracuse, N Y.,
John Teemer defeated Hamm, Hosmer,
Ten Eyck and Henley on the 23d, winning
$1,000 and a championship medal. The
race was rowed in twenty minutes.
JOSEPH GUILFOYLE, of Binghamton, N
Y., after lying in a trance for two years,
awoke on the 23d. remembers nothing
that happened during his long sleep.
SEVERAL skilled counterfeiters were ar
rested at Pittsburgh, Pa., on the 23d, with
$45,000 in spurious greenbacks on their per
O N the 23d Levi M. Bates, a dry-goods
dealer of New York, failed for 250,000.
O N the 24th Selwynn Taylor, of Pitts
burgh, Pa., a prominent mining engineer
and coal expert, said he thought natural
gas was giving out, and that in two years
more the supply would be exhausted.
I N New York on the 24th Mayor Hewitt
refused to perform the marriage ceremony
when asked to wed a negro to a white
HIRAM SIBLEY'S will was probated at
Rochester, N. Y., on the 24th. The value
of the estate is $10,000,000.
WEST AND SOUTH.
Au, over Arenac County, Mich., heavy
forest fires were raging on the 20th and
all the way between Deep river and Glad
win. Timber of all kinds had been de
stroyed, fences had been burned and other
I N the Eighth Iowa district George C.
Calkins was nominated for. Congress on
the 20th by the Union Labor party.
I N the Lake Superior Company's mine
near Ishpeming, Mich., a single blast on
the 20th dislodged amass of gold-bearing
rock, weighing three hundred pounds, the
gold in which was valued at $10,000 to $30,-
-HICKS CABMICHAEL (colored) was ex
ecuted on the 20th in Knoxville, Tenn., for
the murder of Deputy-Sheriff Shipe.
LINVILLB COMBS, aged eleven years, was
on the 20th imprisoned for life at Frank
fort, Ky., for killing his three-year-old
A BOILBH explosion on the 21st at the
Cdal shafts tit Williams & Moss,-at Zion,
&&, killed four men.
Git the iit a sail-boat eotttaittitig tm*
*n .& WAB ttp*st on ti&ite MinhoWakft,
Tnsna were seven cases oi yellow ievts*
at Plant City, Fla. on the 22d.
FRANK WILLIAMS was hanged at Black
foot, I. T., on the 21st for the murder of
Charles Reed and Captain Winn near Cari
bou, December 17, 1886.
FREIGHT trains collided on the Norfolk &
Western road on the 22d, near Lynchburg,
Va., and both engineers, one fireman and
five of the crews were killed. The prop
erty loss was $100,000.
Two ROUG HS attacked Allen Collins,, of
Marietta, Ind. on the 32d, and in defend
ing himself fatally cut both of them.
MRS. OSCAU W DORAN, of Golumbxta,
Ind., was arrested on the 21st, charged
with murdering her husband by pouring
carbol ic ac id down his throat while he was
A BANDIT held up a stage near San Luis
Obisp o, CaL, on the 21st, took all the val
uables of the passengers, amounting to
?500, and also secured the express box con
taining $1,000, and mail packages.
FIRE on the 21st in a mine at Sunny
South, CaL, caused the death of six miners.
I N alight on the 23d over the enforcement
of prohibition at Harlan Court-House, Ky.,
five men were badly wounded.
O N the 23d Samuel Baldwin made a suc
cessful leap with a parachute from a bal
loon four thousand feet above the earth at
A FIRE destroyed tho town of Roslyn,
W. T., on the 23d, 250 houses being burned
and 1,500 inhabitants made homeless. The
loss was $500,000.
WISCONSIN Republicans will hold their
State convention at Milwaukee on the 22d
O N the 23d eleven thieves attempted to
rob a passonger train between Ashtabula,
O., and Geneva, but they were overpow
ered, and nine of them were captured and
placed in jail.
A LABOR Congress, composed of trades
unions, met at Dubuque, la. on the 23d
and formed an organization, el -cting James
White, of the Knights of Labor, president.
The obje ct is to see all labor laws en
WHILE drunk on the 23d at Mobile, Ala.,
Ide Lambert, a white man shot and killed
T. Hestle and two negroes. was ar
FOUR naval cadets were dismissed from
the service at Annapolis. Md., on the 23d
for hazing. Their names are Richard
Leigh, MississippiGeorg Shepard,
WisconsinBio B. Bierre r, Kansas, and
Charles W Lyle, Virgini a.
NEAR Benham, Tex. Jack Walker (col
ored) was lynched on the 23d because he
struck the wife of a German in a quarrel
over a horse.
REPRESENTATIVES of organized bodies of
locomotive engineers and firemen and
switchmen met in convention on the 24th
at St Joseph, Mo. to consider their com
mon interests in general and the "Q"
strike in particular.
A ten o'clock on the night of the 24th a
rainbow was distinctly seen during a rai n
storm at Princeton, Ind
RICHARD AIKEN, aged thirty-five years,
had both eyes blown out by the accidental
discharge of a gun on the 24th near Ver
saille s, Ky.
THE Wisconsin Union Labor party met in
State convention on the 24th at Oshkosh
and nominated the following ticket: For
Governor, Dr Powell, of a Crosse Lieu
tenant-Governor, N E Allen, of Beaver
DamSecretar of State, William Lock
wood, of RiponTreasurer Alfred Mann
haimer, of ManitowocAttorney-General
A. Ryan, of WaukeshaSuperintenden of
Schools, E KrackowitzerRailroa
Commissioner, John E Thomas, of Sheboy
gan FallsInsuranc Commissioner, Ritt
ner Stevens, of Gre_*n Lake.
JOHN GRAYSON and Lillburn Trigg were
fatally shot in a quarrel on the 24th, at Ab
ingdon, Va., and the mother of Trigg died
from the shock caused by her son's death.
DEMOCRATS of the Seventh Illinois dis
trict on the 24th nominated Owen Lovejoy
G. W BLEWETT was on the 24th nomi
nated for Congress by the Prohibitionists
of the Second Indiana district.
THE shoe factory of Krippendorf, Ditt
man&Co., at Cincinnati, was destroyed
by fire on the 24th. Loss, $310,000.
PROHIBITIONISTS of the Tenth Illinois dis
trict on the 24th nominated Sedgwick
MRS. JOHN S. MARTIN died on the 24th in
Chicago from hydrophobia, caused by the
bite of a little dog
A COMMITT EE of the British House of
Commons submitted a report on the 20th
recommending perpetual Sunday closing
of saloons in all part3 of Ireland, and also
the closing of inns at nine o'clock on
THE Madrid police on the 20th searched
the houses of persons suspected of plotting
against the Government and found three
FOURTEEN men on a log-drive on the
Mattawan rive r, near St Maurice, Can.
procured some whisky on the 20th, and in
a drunken freak, decided to run tho rapids,
but the boat was capsized and all were
FOUR HUNDRED rebels attacked a village
near Wady Haifa on the 22d, and Colonel
Wodehouse, after severe fighting, repulsed
the rebels, inflicting great loss. Twenty
villagers were also killed or wounded.
Ross, HASKELL & CAMPBELL, wholesale
dealers in fancy goods at Montreal, failed
on the 21st for $100,000.
O N the 24th Mr. O'Connell, the chief
clerk of the New York court of pleas, who
is traveling in Europe, complained to the
authorities at Queenstown, Ireland, that
his steps were constantly dogged by En
A Pontypridd, Wales, seven thousand
colliers struck on the 24th for an increase
RUDOLPH SEVIC, a. Bohemian was arrested
in Chica on the morning of the 25th.
is charged with having furnished dynamite
toHronk, Chapek and Chelbowa, the three
anarchists who were arrested for conspir
ing to assassinate the officers prominent in
the Haymarket prosecution. Several in
fernal machines were capture d.
UPON unloading a car of lumber at Oma
ha on the 25tb, the dead body of Irwin S.
Barley was discovered.
A a caucus of the publican Senators
on the 25th, it was decided to prese nt a sub.
stitute for the Mills bill.
A a meeting of the Locomotive engineers
in Chicago it was resolved to continue finan
cial support to the striking engineers of the
A DYNAMI TE bomb was discovered on the
25th in a barrel of app'es s'lipped to Chica
go* over the Pan Handle road.
THE S tug Mystic arrived at Port
Townend, W a Ter., from Alaska on the
25th with four British schooners in tow, the
same having been seized for illegal seal
fishing in Behrings straits.
THE 11th annual session of Ameiican pa
per makers was held in Saratoga, 1*. Y.,
on the 25th.
ENGLISH courts on the 25th, released John
Dillon from the Dublin jail.
THE Senate on the 25th passed the naval
appropriation bill. O the same date Sen
at Cullom introduced a resolution, di"
recting inquiry into the alleged acquisition
of the "Soo" railroad and its tnridge facili
ties at 85t. Maries River, by the Canadian
A Chester, Pa., on the 25th, the steam
boat Puritan was launche d. The Purit an
is for Fall river line arid is the
largest boat of the kind ever laurichedi
BY the falling of sprite heavy' folding
mfteMaef in 6 2fov Yofk building &* tfe*
mmis HmhYfwtii Mlmt wirti #w s&tb, tfe*floor**) sM me gm w
MM a4 M&& Injwp*
W^A ROUSING APDKESS^
Private Joe lifer, the Kepnblican Can
didate for the Governorship of Illinois,
Delivers a Grand Speech at Springfield,
111Cleveland and His Weak Civil-Serv
ice Reform Given a Bitter Scoring.
W are now entering upon a political canvass
the results of which must prove of high and
Svsting importance to the people of this Nation,
a long established American policy, vital to all
interests, is on trial before the voters on the
Mte hand, while upon the other an Administra
tion that gained power under a mask of reform
and by the most solemn promises of a Jeffer
3onian virtue is to receive attention in response
to the demand that its doings and^retensionB
shall be ratified in November.
The result of this campaign must also go a
long way toward determining whether any
sitort in the future is to be made to enforce the
provisions of the constitution'"relatim? to suf
frage in the South or whether^, we are to sit
Sown helplessly and aftow a political party to
enjoy the perpetual fruits of "violence and
fraud. Such questions may well receive the
:antlid consideration of candid men. This cam
Jgn Is, I hope, to be a battle of opposing
principles, and not a petty fusillade of personal
Jetracl'.on and calumny.
Republican ideas have conquer8 a continent,
we behold to-duy the Derabtratic party
the old, uncompromising snemy of Republican
Ism, the party that contested with bludgeon,
Ueel and calumny each step b^-the splendid
advance from, the last 11:1 becile act of Buchanan
np to the pure and lofty statesmanship of Ar
thurcrawling under tiic big tent of Repub
licanism, and saying: "O, yes, we agree to all
this and always did, but it you will give us a
chance wo would liko to reform the civil serv-
After referring to the fact-that Mr. Cleve
lar-d was elected upon his repeated assertion
that ho would, if elected, reform the civil serv
ice, tho speaker continued:
Jt is interesting as well as instructive to note
Hie manner in which these?pledges of Civil
Scrvico Reform have been kept. I shall not re
sort to the long columns of statistics which are
tu hand to show the exact -percentage of re
movals and appointments which Mr. Cleveland
has made in three years, moved thereto by
partisai and personal motives. Happily with
aaen who have been living in this country tho last
three years and have kept their eyes and ears
open, no tedious statistics are needed to prove
the recreancy of this Administration to its
promises. Scarcely had the ink with which the
President wrote his reform inaugural became
dry ocf ure the axe of the Administration heads
man began, to be wo with the blood of Re
publican officials whose efficiency asd faithful
ness were unquestioned, and who were slain
solely that their places might be fflled by
Democrats. It was only necossary to look and
listen for a single day to be convinced of the
aollownoss of all the pretenses of the Presi
dent concerning the civil service, and to know
these pretenses were put forth for the dishon
sst purpose or securing votes.: from the men
[ormerly affiliating with the Republican party
who renlly did not believe civil service questions
to bo more important than any others. Even
private character was not safe from assassina
tion at the hands of the Executive head of the
Nation in the search for "causes," which would
help to make partisan acts seem to accord with
Mite election professions and we find this
same Executive as the time approached when
he should in all honesty respect his own dec
laration of the groat danger lying in a Presi
fleat's personal ambition to renominate him
self not only setting at naught his own argu
ment, but sliding down from his high pedestal
into the camp of the party spoilsman, where
Ac has been wholly invisible to the long-
"S eye of the "mugwump" for to I these
r.any months. All the alleged abuses
vhich before election furnished tho texts
)f Mr. Cleveland's various homilies on re
'orm now hold unlimited sway nnder his ad
ninistration. Pernicious activity by officials
party management: the levying" of assess
ments upon Government employes for ca
paign purposes the removal of faithful officials
io make places with which to reward ignorant
art helpersall these vices and many more
ibout which Mr. Cleveland theor zed so well
(hat he won the admiration of Mr. Curtis and
dr. Schurz,have held unbounded sway at Wash
.ngton for the last two years, and that, too,
jot only in violation of the President's per
gonal pledges, but in violation of the statute
the land. O, reform, thou art a jewel, but
hou art not a Democrat.
But are you not more than glad, fel
ow citizens, that the days of the civil
iervice masquerade have. drawn to a
jlose? Mr. Cleveland makes a much better
Igure as an avowed spoilsman than he
.ver did in the guise of a reformer. In the
leight of the exhibition he resembled a hip
popotamus trying to balance on a slack rope.
\li is now changed. Th last "mugwump'-' has
iisappeared down the back stairs of the White
Souse, followed closely by tho masterful boot
it the Democratic "bouncer," and henceforth
.here is to be none to molest the President or
JO make him afraid. It is to De hoped we shall
future have less of hypocrisy, whatever may
je the fate of the civil service.
In the face of the fact that the Democratic
Administration is distinguished tor its im
becility and for its pledges to the people un
fulfilled Mr. Cleveland is accounted by his
party as a great leader. To be the leader in a
party in which a man is accounted wise by
reason of what he has not wrttten or said, a
reformer by reason of what he has not reformed,
and a patriot by reason of the sacrifices he
has not made, is, in my judgment, rather an
Taking up the tariff question, Mr. Fifer said:
I predict that the Democratic party long be
fore the close of this campaign will be chiefly
exercised to convince tlie voters, ana particu
larly, the mechanics and wage-workers of the
country, that they are not a lree-trade party
and are not even infected with the kindred and
worse heresy of a tariff
,lfor revenue only,"
but the issue upon this question is now made
and defined far beyond the power of any
Democrat to obscure and-- befuddle it.
Upon this circumstance the country is to be
congratulated. Time was when the Democratic
party, which lies principally in the South.hated
the manufacturing industries of the North and
had the honesty and courage to say so boldly.
Away back in the sixties the.. Democratic party
said ifc terms that it was for free trade. A
late as 1870 it said in terms that tariff should
be "for revenue only." In 1880 and 1881 i\ pre
varicated and straddled. It sat unon the politi
cal fence with one leg hanging down in Iowa
and the other in Pennsylvania, but neither
foot quite touching the ground. Bu while this
is true, there has never been the least doubt as
to the real conv.ctions and desires of that
party upon the tariff question. I is and always
bas been a free-trade party. Such, are its tra
ditions and its history. And now in the full
ness of time a Moses has arisen in the Demo
cratic Israel, and with all the stubbornness of
the taurine animal wh'ch disputed the right of
way with the locomotive, and with about the
same perception of the question,proclaims with
the courage of his conviction that the protective
features of the tariff are unjust and illogical
and should be abandoned. Le us thank the
President for his courage if not for his wis
dom. has so far alighted from the fence
that one foot at least now touches the ground.
The different theories advanced to-day by the
advocates of protection on the one hand and of
free trade on the other are as old as the Gov
ernment itself. It is not too much to say that
the supporters of those different views of our
tariff are no nearer an agreement now than
they were in the days of Clay and Calhoun and
if left in the domain of theory alone it is safe to
say they will be as far apart at the close of the
next century as they are to-day. Now, some
questions may, I concede, be settled theoreti
cally, but the tariff is not, in my opinion, such a
question. A single year's experience is worth
all the theories that have been advocated, from
the clear and statesmanlike utterances of
Alexander Hamilton down to the musty theories
of Grover Cleveland.
"You want to build up vast, monopolies and
impoverish tho many to enrich the few," shouts
the free trader," to which tho protectionist re
plies: "We wish to do nothitfg of the kind our
object is to diversify our industries, keep our
home markets for home products, and at the
same time protect tho American laborer from
competition with the unpaid laborer of the Old
An ounce of faot, we are told, is worth a
pound of theory and the argument in favor of
protection as deduced from theory is power
fully andconclusively reinforced by the solid
facts derived from one hundred years of ex
The speaker then went on to show that the
country has invariably suffered business de
pression from large reductions of the tariff,pros
perity following their restoration that protec
tion has cheapened the cost of the necessities
Of life, and to deny that the tariff is mamtauied
in the interest of a class.
I am ready to say now that if it be true that
protection is for a class and not forth whole
Nation ae a Nation, then I ant not in favor of it.
Protection for the country and not for any indi
vidual or class is the end to he atta, ned and
with this kind of protection all articles that by
reason of bur natural advantages and re*
koufees ban and should be manufactured in
ifeie &e*bti inevitably m& eertamiy
ftHolitfh im ififlttenes cf bete* eombeuttaa U
If^usd !e tfw tettent jjfi?* wtei
as low as any patriotic American should ask to
buy them. Experience has taught us that in the
manufacture of many article* that should be
and now are produced in this country we can
not compete with European manufacture, and
part cu'.arly with the manufacture of England.
Many reasons conduce to this end. such as the
larger accumulations of capital in the older
countries, the longer and more permanent es
tablishment of their manufacturing institu
tions, the lower rate which capital commands
in an old country but the important and the
chief reason why the European manufacturer
can undersell the American is the cheapness of
labor on that side of the water. W can not
compete witn them in tlie production, of many
articles unless the price of labor in America is
reduced to the European standard. I am not
in favor of protecting any interest which does
not require protection, nor am I in favor of
protecting any industry which we do not have
natural facilities form aintaining. I would not
be in favor of helping any man or set of men
by law to grow coffee and tea in a hot-house.
S largely does the wages of labor enter into
the price of manufactured articles in this coun
try that I conceive it would be impossible to.
maintain the great lines of our manufactures
without a substantial protective tariff upon for
Furthermore, the moment we allow our home
manufactures to be broken down, the so-called
"monopolies" and "trusts" upon which the
free-trader loves to descant are only removed
tptbe other side of the Atlantic ocean. W
would in that event soon learn by sad expe
rience, as has been learned by several countries
trying the experiment, that we would be re
quired to pay more for the manufactured arti
cles than they os under the policy of protec
The President does not even suggest the fact
that there is nothing at all to prevent any per
son among our 60,000,003 of population from en
gaging in any manufacturing enterprise prom
ising large rewards. Money is plenty in the
market to be loaned at six per cent., and even
a less rate. If- manufacturing enterprises
promise to capital such large rewards under
what the President is pleased to term our
vicious and illogical" tariff laws, wby will
capitalists, who are certainly as shrewd and
farseeing in money matters as the President
himself, loan their money at four, five and six
It will be found in almost every instance that
the prices of protected articles now as com
pared with four years ago have been reduced.
Woolen goods of nearly every description are
cheaper now than they were in the good old
Democratic days of free trade. A woolen
blanket worth $9 before the war can now be
bought for five, and the price of almost every
article of clothing in general use among the
laboring classes has Ijeen reduced, in like pro
portion. Salt, one of the most necessary arti
cles of life, we are told, is required to pay a
heavy duty in order to build up a monopoly in
the manufacture of that article at home and
yet salt is as cheap, if not cheaper, than it ever
was before in the world. You can purchase a
barrel of salt from your city merchant about as
cheap as you can re a drayman to fill a bar
rel at your nearest sand-bank and deliver it in
your baok yard. W have reached these con
ditions, not through foreign competition, but
by a competition arising at home among our
own manufacturers and when we manufacture
all we need at prices as low as the article can
be made for at home, then we have reached as
favorable a condition as the natural advantages
of our country will warrant. To cut lower than
this must inevitably be done at the expense of
the mechanics and the laboring men.
The Democratic party has been six years in
control of that houso of Congress in which
under the constitution all revenue laws must
originate. It has been in control of the Execu
tive Department of the Government more than
three years. Yet with a large working majori
ty in the lower house, with its President in the
chair, that party has originated and passed no
single measure to relieve the burden of unnec
essary taxation which just now is the slogan
and tho war cry of the Democratic campaign.
I do not say and I do not believe that the
present Tariff law is perfect. The Republican
party long ago set the example of revising the
tariff, and may be relied on to correct all its
present and its future inequalities. But there
is one matter in which I am firmly persuaded
that the good sense of the American people as
a whole will constrain them to agree with the
Republican policy and principles, and that is
that the doctrines of the English free-trade
school, under which American manufacture
would inevitably be confined to such opera
tions as sawing wood and mending shoes,
should never he permitted to gain ascendency
upon this continent. Men who can only view
the tariff question through the free-trade gog
gles of Richard Cobden and from the stand
point occupied by the English manufacturer,
whose desix-e in the matter is his own selfish
gain, will never be permitted by the voters of
this Nation to lay their unwashed and ignorant
hands upon the citadel of American industry.
Fellow citizens, I should feel that I had been
recreant tom sense of duty if I failed to call
your attention to one other question, a ques
tion that lies at the foundation of our free in
stitutions, and compared with which all others
sink into nothingness. I refer to the political
condition of the colored race in the South.
Nearly twice as many members of Congress as
constitute the present Democratic majority in
the lower house hold their seats by counting in
the enumeration of electors a disfranchised
constituency. A race beyond the Ohio is
robbed of a constitutional right by fraud and
violence. This I know has been said many
times, but oven at the risk of provoking harsh
criticism and bitter vituperation it ought to be
said and shouted and proclaimed in the face of
Heaven until a just God hears the cry of the
oppressed and tho fact ceases to exist.
Twenty-three years nave elapsed since the
great tragedy closed at Appomattox. A new
generation with faces toward the rising sun
are already on the stage. The passions and
bitter hates engendered by war are gradually
giving way before the bright sunlight of peace.
No one rejoices at this more than I do. I
would not wantonly revive the bitter memories
of a bitter war or stir up the angry passions of
men. Let the dead post bury its dead. Bu
this is not a question of the dead past but of
the living present and tur.i which way we wd
it stares at us from every section of the South.
Those responsible for these crimes are the
men who are enacting laws which our citizens
North and South, including the State of Illi
nois, are required to obey. These are the men
who have been unanimous in their vote to
keep South Dakota out of the Union, a Terri
tory nearly one-third larger than that of Illi
nois, with a population of 403,033 people, a
population greater thpn the combined popula
lation of Ohio, Indiana, Illinois. Michigan and
Wisconsin when they Were admitted into the
Union. This Territory, filled as it is with in
telligence and wealth and all the progressive
ideas of the North, is kept out simply forth
crime of being Republican, and that, too, by
men who are in Congress with the broken
laws of their country under their feet. Th
Nation is ruled to-day by the solid South, and
a territory within cannon-shot of the city hall
in tho city of New York. What a spectacle is
here presented to the American people.
these influences Cleveland was elected in 1884,
and by them he expects to be re-elected in No
vember. If this condition of things was
brought about by a fair and untrammeled ex
pression of op iion at the.ballot-box there would
be no just ground for ebmpla-'ttt? but we know
it is not. W know it is the result of frauds, of
violence, of intimidation, and sometimes of
murder. Th facts were first denied until
proofs rendered further deniaf useless. No
the crime is by some boldly avowed, and by
others and the best of the beneficiaries con
nived at and apologized for. Think of a man
having the effrontery to set up as a reformer
whose own election to high office is the fruit
of a crime against that right preservative of all
rights, the ballot.
Senator Wade Hampton, of South Carolina,
a gentleman who has profited as much as any
one from Southern bulldozing, in an article
published in a recent number of the Forum,
while practically admitting these crimes seeks
to justify them by saying that the negro is in
capable of self-government. W know this is
untrue, and the ereat advances that have been
made in the duties of citizenship by the col
ored race in the North, many of whom were
once slaves, proves his statement to be false.
At flrstrthe Democrats opposed making the
black man's vote constitutional, but do you
think they-would now recall that measure?
By no means. And why? Simply because
they are willing to count the negro since they
can refuse to count his'vote. And the Govern
ment at Washington which took these same
negroes and stood them up in front of rebel
cannon to save the constitution, now sits down
and says the constitution is nowerless to save
the negro. I say out on sucr outrage and in
justice. This is not a question of the negro's
rights alone it is a question of your rights and
mine. It presents the question whether the
man down South who fought to destroy the
Union shall count for twice as much in Ameri
can politics as the man up North who fOught
to preserve it
et no Republican orator be so mealy
mouthed and unpatriotic as not to speak of
theseotitf ages. Let suoh injustice be arraigned
at the bar tit the (Similized Opinion of jfesferictt.
Denounce it en the ktttap} a^noanSS it &$*
wherei pfeHf# the fttKtfet&g m& ct&trnot*?
the outrage and place the negro's nut sni tho
white man's palace equal beneath the protect
ing shield of the constitution.
Fellow-Republicans, I feel that we shall go
forth to victory in this canvass, not alone by
reason of what we have done, but by reason
also of what we can and will do forth country
in the future. Th party which has done all
the political reforming of the last fifty years
can do some more if needed. If the tariff needs
reforming and readjusting, what party can bet
ter do it than the one which has proved itself
the friend of American enterprise and Ameri
can labor? If the constitutional amendments
which embody the great results of the civil
war are to be- vitalized and. protected from
practical nullification in the Soujh, what party
can be better trusted to do it than the one
which with bayonets and blood wrote these
amendments in the constitution against the re
lentless opposition of the entire Democratic
Our National candidates are men worthy of
the great principles for which they stand.
Levi Morton illustrates grandly in his career
the superiority of American institutions.
is a man of character, of ability and of wealth
and I mention his wealth only to pay him this
rare complimentthat,having acquired fortune
honorably by the labor of his bands and brains,
he has used it as a trust for the benefit of his
fellow-men. When his country in its darkest
financial hour needed money for its defense, he
put to shame the slanderers of his country's
credit by staking his all upon National perpet
uity and honor. Hi bounty has freighted
ships forth hungry of other lands, and built
homes for the friendless of his own. His valua
ble services to his country prove him more
than worthy of the high office to which the so
ber judgment of the people has already de
creed his election next November.
W have placed at the head of our National
ticket a name conspicuous in the history of
every conflict where the English speaking race
have drawn swords in the cause of freedom.
With the name of Harrison lefjjrfier'gne history
of human liberty could j^^iewrltten. When
the people's rights w"ere to be preserved in
America against the encroachments of an En
glish tyrant a Harrison was there to stake life,
fortune and honor upon its accomplishment.
When in 1843 a dishonest Democratic Adminis
trationthe prototype of Mr. Cleveland'swas
to be hurled from power by the people another
Harrison in the person of grand Old Tippe
canoe was there to lead to deserved and hon
orable victory. When the mad career of the
slave power was to be curbed, when the Union
of the fathers was to be preserved, and a race
exalted from slavery to citizenship, yet anoth
er Harrison with an honor and a courage
worthy the great name he bears drew his
sword and sheathed it not again until the great
worfe was done. And now -when another Demo
cratic Administration, which has sunk patriot*
ism in partisanship, is to he swept from power
we have found another Tippecanoe who will
not take his hand from the plow nor look back
until the second term aspirations of Cleveland
are sent to join tbose of Martin Va Buren.
General Harrison is not running upon the
record of his ancestors but upon his own. Hi
friends point to a personal career of command
ing ability, of spotless honor, and of high pat
riotism. is best praised by saying his ca
reer has been in all respects different from that
of his opponent. A aristocrat only in the
sense of duties faithfully performed, a true no
bleman in the blazonry of patriotic deeds done
for mankind, he comes forward under the true
colors of his manhood to give to this country
an American administration devoted to Ameri
THE ISSUE MADE.
A Fight in Which Patriotism I VUted
Against Toreign Interference.
Although the Democracy entwined
itself gracefully about every pillar ia
the temple of the tariff so that visitors
approaching- the structure from differ
ent directions would be able to get
glimpses of the parts embracing- the
question in all its various aspects, Hen
ry Watterson, the most advanced, and
outspoken of the free-traders, was able
to declare after the adoption of the
platform that Democrats could see
what was meant without looking around
the corner. Watterson had impor
tuned the convention to be honest and
declare itself, for free trade, of course,
or tariff for revenue only, which is lit
tle better, and it is evident from his
cordial indorsement of the platform
that he believed he had carried his
point. We see no other interpretation
of the platform in conjunction with
Watterson's part in its prepar
Democratic This, then,
which the campaign of 1888 is to
be fought. It must have been a source
of sincere satisfaction to the manu
facturers of England and the rest of
Europe to read the professions of a
great American political organization
in favor of a policy that would open to
them the most magnificent market on
the face of the earth. True, these pro
fessions are ambiguous, but the astute
foreign manufacturers are sharp
enough to perceive their true import.
The Republican party ought to be
glad of the alignment made by the St.
Louis convention, and rally to the bat
tle as they never did before since Lin
coln led the loyalty of the Nation to its
defense. Once again it must fight the
battle of the country, once again the
Democratic party is the enemy of the
people and we are confident that
every Northern State will be a politi
cal Oregon in the fight.Sacramento
Protection and Politics.
We recognize no special training re
quired for politics, and provided the
crookedness \y& discarded and is a
live man, we see no reason why a pious,
good man may not indulge in politics
as an exercise or pastime. We frankly
admit if the election took place in the
near future the Republicans would easi
ly win with a good, solid ticket. At
present the dismay is widespread over
the issue of free trade and protection.
The Republican statesmen
and journals have espoused the princi
pie of protection, discarding all refer
ence to the surplus as an unnecessary
element in the discussion, and so far,
we are bound to admit, the advantage
is with the Republicans. They have
spread broadcast the fruits of Demo
cratic teachings. Right wrong,
they have impressed labor with a dread
of Democratic rule. They have unceas
ingly dinged it into the laborer's ear
that a revised tariff means cheap labor,
lower wages and all the squalor and
wretchedness of the European laborer.
It is an adroit issue to raise by a party
skilled in astuteness, and it must bear
evil fruit. During the interval between
now and election, unless Democratic
voters can be disabused of this notion,
the Democratic ticket will be defeated.
This will be a bread-and-butter canvass,
and the party that will protect labor
the best will win.Troy (N. T) Catho
JBgrWhile it is true that Levi T.
Morton contributed a shipload of pro
visions to the famishing people of Ire
land, it must not be overlooked thai
Grover Cleveland is also a generous,
impulsive man. gave twenty-five
dollars to the Charlestdii earthquake
sufferers.St. Paul Pionser-Press.
ten in the Seha'te Judfe Thur
mari voted against thte ftmeitiment ib
tho MxioftH Fe*iei fetti Silflu^g
$m umis tern tim bmM Qt
Don't Learn to Carve*
Never learn to carve, young mail.
There is no fun in it. A knowledge ol
the art saddles you with a responsibil
ity^ which, while it may procure you
invitations to dinner, sits heavily on
the soul and brings wrinkles into the
foreheads If you do not perform the
work artistically, you are criticised. If
a tough fowl gets away from you and
takes refug-e in a lady's lap, you are
laughed at and make an enemy of the
fair one whose dress you soil or spoil.
You offend Jones if you send the choic
est out to Smith, and vice versa. You
must send the best away and reserve
only the least to be desired for yourself.
The waiters make you the subject ol
their remarks, and by putting their
heads together and jerking their thumbs
over their shoulders in your direction
embarrass you dreadfully you know
by the fiendish leer on their faces that
they have set you down as a blacksmith.
If the room is warm you are thrown in
to a violent perspiration your collar
wilts, nocktie gets awry, your appetite
leaves you, and when your labors are
finished you begin your dinner with the
air of one who has been in a pugilistic
mill and come out second best. Don1!
learn to carve.Nebraska State Journal.
When a man learns to mind his own
business and to leave tho affairs ol
others alone he accomplishes a success
as great as falls to common mortals.
Martha's Vineyard Herald.
They Never Fail.
No. 8 Ftn/roN MARKKT, NEW YORK Crrr, I
I have been using BBASTDBETH 'S PILLS for
the last ten years. They are a wonderful
medicine. There is nothing equal to them
as Blood Purifiers and Liver Regulators.
But I wish to state how remarkably they
cure rheumatism, and how easilyI was
affected by rUes-umatisTi of tU legs.
business (wholesale fish dealer) naturally
leads me to damp places. I was so bad I
could not walk, and at night I suffered fear
fully I tried Balsams, Sarsaparillas and
all kinds of tinctures, but they did me no
good and I was afraid of being a cripple. I
finally commenced using BBANDBETH'S
PILLS. I took two every night for ten
nights, then I began to improve. I con
tinued taking them for forty days and I got
entirely well. Now, whenever sick, I take
BRANDRETH'S PILLS. They never fail.
A Good Impulse.
Don't balk your good impulses, particular
that one which incites you to abandon
fruitless medication for dyspepsia, kidney
trouble, fever and ague and constipation,
and adopt instead Hostetter's Stomach Bit
ters, which supplements the important cre
dential of a long and successful career, with
the commendation of the medical profession.
Give it a systematic trial.
SOME men are fiddlers and others are
performers on the violinth same sort of
distinction is to be found at every turn in
ALL good grocers keep NATIONAL YEAST.
THERE are two things that a woman will
always jump ata conclusion and a mouse.
Burlington Free Preis.
Allen's "Iron Tonic Biters" Will Supply
the klood Avith iron, and build up strength
en, tone and puri fy the whole system, cre
ate a healthy appetite, aid diges ion and
invigorate the liver. A single dose is suffi
cient to show its good effect. Look out for
counterfeits. Every bott le bears the signa
ture of J. Allen, St Paul, Minn.
SOME girls are maidens all forlorn, while
others are maidens all for lawn tennis.
Weak and Weary
Describes the condition of many peoplo debilitated
by tho warm weather, by disease, or overwork.
Hood's Sarsaparilla is just the medicine needed to
overcome that tired feeling to purify and quicken
the sluggish blood, and restore tho lost appetite. If
you need a good medicine be sure to try Hood's
My appetite was poor, I could not sleep, had
headache a great deal, pains in my back, my bowels
did not move regularly. Hood's Sarsaparilla in a
short time did me so much good that I feel like a
new man. My pains and aches are relieved, my
appetite improved." GEORGE F. JACKSON, ROI
bury Station, Conn.
When I took Hood's Sarsaparilla that heaviness
In my stomach left the dullness in my head, and
the gloomy, despondent feeling disappeared. I
began to get stronger, my blood gained better cir
culation, the coldness in my hands and feet left
me, and my kidneys do not bother me as before.'
G. W. HULL, Attorney-at-Law, Millersburg, O.
Bold by all druggists. $1 six for $5. Prepared only
by C. 1. HOOD & CO., Lowell, Mass.
IOO Doses One Dollar
The dyspeptic, the debilitated, wheth
from excess work mind
body, drink exposure i
will find Tutt's Pills the most gonial
restorative ever offered tike suffering
Try Them Fairly.
A vigorous body, pure blood, utrong
nerves and a cheerful mind will result.
JS8 A DAY. Samples worth $1.50
K. Lines not under the horse's feet. Write
BREWSTKB SAFETY BEINHOLDEB CO., Holly, Blok.
j^KUlU THIS AVKK mtj time TOU wit*.
caliber Flobert Rifle Prepaid for
95.00. Order quick. H. J. GARKETT, St. Charles, Minn.
WNAUE TBI8 PAPER
nio Cheap. Good Sen for description
AnHIO and price. i N. BANCUOF T, Jefferson, O.
WJAMB XHI8 PAPE& tmj time jou mite.
PIS0S CURE FOR CONSUMPTION
m~*~ *""TO# that it 5
than a mo*-
MRS. DARTS TRIPLETS.
President Cleveland's Prize for the three best
babies at the Aurora County Fair, in 1887, was
given to these triplets, Mollie, Ida and Ray,
children of Mrs. A. K. Dart, Hamburgh, N.
She writes: "Last August the little ones became
very sick, and as I could get no other food that
would agree with them, I commenced the use
of Lactated Food. It helped them immediately,
and they were soon as well as ever, and I con
sider it very largely due to the Food that they
are now BO well."
Cabinet photo, of these triplets tent free to the mother
of any baby born this year
Is the best yood for bottle-fed babies. It keeps
them well, and is better than medicine
when they ara sick.
THE MOST PALATABLE,
At Druggists, 25c, 50c, SI.OO.
THE BEST AND MOST ECONOMICAL FOOD.
ISO Meals for an Infant for Sl.OO.
J6S~ A valuable pamphlet on Nutrition
of Infants and Invalids," free on application.
WELLS, RICHARDSON & BURLINGTON, VT.
MACHINE Known as the best in
use for boring wells
from 5 to 4 i inches in,
It also drills rock.
ALTHOUGH a tennis match does not pro
voke such noisy enthusiasm as a ba ll game,
tho costumes of the players are loud enough
to be heard a mile.New Haven News.
THIS IS THE GREAT
Tubular Well and Pros
pecting Machine, fam
ous for succeeding where
others have failed!
Self cleaning! Drill
drons 60 to 90 times
LQOMIS & NTtfAH
$J5,S|l l| GOID WATCH FREE!
1 his splendid, Eoltd gold,,nhunting-cue watch, ifs nowl sold fo.r
885 at tha izte is the best bargain hi America: until lately
it couldld~,!rttbprices no purchased for less than SNX). Wo hare both la
works and cases equa value
OKE FEKSOST in each locality can secure one of thess
elegant watches absolutely FKKE. These watches may ba
depended on, not only as solid gold, but as standing among tb
most perfect, correct and reliable timekeepers in the world. Von
ask how is this wonderful otter possible? Wc answerwe want
one person in each locality to keep in their homes, and show to
those who call, a complete line of our valuable and very useful
HOUSEHOLD S A MIXES theso samples, as well as the watckx.
we send ABSOLBTELT II:F.K, and after you have kept them ia
your home for 2 months, and shown them to those who may
have called, they become entirely your own property It Is pos
sible to make this great offer, sending tho Solid Gold
Watch and large lino of valuable samples FERE, for tho
reason that the showing of the samples in any locality, always
results in a large trade for us after our samples have been in a
locality for a month or two, we usually get from 81,000 to
$5,000 in trade from tho surrounding country. Those who writs
to us at once will receive great benefit for scarcely any work
and trouble. This, the most remarkable and liberal offer ever
known, is made in order that our valuable Household Sample!
may be placed at once where they can be seen, all over Ameri
ca reader, it will bo hardly any trouble for you to show them to
those who may call at your home, and your reward will be most
satisfactory. A postal card, on which to write us, costs but 1
cent, and if, after you know all, you do not care to go further,
Why no harm is done. Hut if you send your address at
once, you can secure, FREE, AN KLEGANT SSSO, SOLID Ooi.r*.
Hra-riNO-cjASE WATCH and our large, complete line of Valu
able HOUSEHOLD SAMPLES. WO pay all express freight, etc
Address, STUSOX CO., BOX 212 Portland, Maine.
83-XAJU: THIS PAPER every timejou writ*.
This is the Best Shoe
made for boys or girls.
Warranted no Shoddy
and sold as follows:
SIZES 8 to 10% si.25
11 to 13}$ 1.5
Our name is on the bottom
every shae. P7*Ask
dealer for Fargo'*
Tip Shoes. If he
does not keep them
to us and we
furnish you a
pair on receipt
FARGO fc CO., CHICAGO, nx.
ejy-NAME THIS l'Al'Kft erirj woe jou r.t-.
diin A t^nn
CURED to star
cured by rspto
Catarrh Cur e.
the Nasal CavityChronic and Ulcerative. Catarrh
of the Eye, Kar or Throat. It is taken internally
and acts chiefly upon the Blood and Mucus Surface
of the System. I will give 81
of Catarrh it will not Cure.
Price. 7 5 cen ts a Bottle.
FRANK FHISB V, Proprietor,
Bismarck, Dak. Noyes Bros.
& Cutler, Agents, ST. PAUL.
W NAiLE THIS PAPBB snrj tim.
ca be made working
9IUU IV t^aifU (or us. Agents preferred v?h
can furnish their own horses and give their whole tlm
to the business. Spare moments may be profitably em
ployed also. A few vacancies in towns and cities.
B. F. JOHNSON A CO., 101S Balo Street, Richmond, Ya.
3-NAME THIS PAPER trery time JOB write.
disabed pay. etc.: De-
"^'srtersrelieved Laws free.
A. VT. HctOKMICK SONS, Cincinnati, O., TTasalnrton,D.C.
THI PAPER ner 70a
ToOa-NAUB introdnce.TrfllS send a pairrftune splendiwrite. (22x28 Inch) 3-Colored
IDEAL. CR AYON-LITHO. PORTRAITS
with Ira.Oalc Frame border for 50e. GEO.P.HOOSTO*. Cincinnati,O
Send '2c. for List of Campaign requisites. 3*AJGKXTS WAXTKI
VUWM at anythingelse in tho world. Either sex. Costlyoatttt
U(E. Terms FKK. Address, TBirjtst Co., Augusts,JbiM.
9-KA1USTH1: PAPER .TOT timeyou write.
Wis., is magnificently and healthfully locat
ed. Write for catalogue and full particular!.
NIO COLliEGEof I,AW,Chic
Sept. 19. For circular add.
so. Fall Term be-
A N .K..G 1197
WJJKN WRITING O ADVERTISERS
please state you saw the advertinexneat
In this paper.
GRAND JUBILEE calibrating tbe Settlement eftheNorthwestern Territory.
yxCURIO RATES FROM ALL POINTS.
rhe man v^ohaairrrested from threS
to five dollars in Bobber Coat, and
tt Ma first half boor's tepttftnttfi
}$.* 55?1th *Pnttthat in keeait
J^upraai," a name fltS&rtes*S"
Md. With ths