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title: 'The Progress. (White Earth, Minn.) 1886-1889, December 15, 1888, Image 2',
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T. XL BEXULiEU, Editor.
I N the trial in Chicago on the 27th of
Hronek, the Anarchist, informer'Chleboun
testified that Hronek confessed to him
that he tried to throw a mb under Presi
dent Cleveland's carriage in the procession
last year and that he threw the Haymarket
I, CHARLES E. -STANLEY, treasurer of the
Cleveland Gas mpany, was on the 27th
charged with defalcations amounting to
BANKERS at Milwaukee on the 27th re
ported counterfeit five-dollar silver certifi
cates in circulation. They are of the
series of 1886, and bear a blurred picture
of Grant, which is the principal defect of
the bill, aside from the paper not having a
,V, silk fiber.
A BOILER explosion on the 27th at Ral
Epitome of the Week.
^"TEHESTINQ NEWS COMPILATION,
ADVICBS of the 36th say that the recent
storm in the East had resulted in great
loss of life. The fishing schooner Edward
Newton went to pieces on the Massachu
setts coast and fifteen of her crew were
drowned. A various points snow fell to
a considerable depth, seriously interfering
with railroad travel. Thirteen coal-barges
were sunk in New York bay. but no live9
were lost as far as known. Five seamen
were drowned off NantasketBeach, Mass.
A Long Branch, N. J., many cottages
were carried out to sea
In a drunken affray on the 26th at Vian,
Ind. T., four Cherokee Indians were killed
and another was shot through the hand.
Two MEJT were killed and three injured
in a collision on the 26th between passenger
trains near Husted, Col. and three oars
THE bootblacks of Indianapolis inaugu
rated a strike on the 26th to put the price
of a shine up to ten cents.
"DOCK" HAGGERTY was unloading glycer
ine at Pleasantville, Pa., on the 26th when
it exploded by some means and Haggerty
was blown to atom3. Parts of his two
horses were found in neighboring trees,
and a piece of the wagon was found half a
A Centerville, Pa,, on the 26th thre8
men were killed and one badly injured by
a boiler explosion.
NEA.R Brazil, Ind., oa the 26th Tom War
ren and John R. Berry, miners, were killed
by falling slate.
A KBO of powder exploded in George
Palmer's store at Scrufftown, Pa., on the
26th, fatally injuring him, killing a ten
year-old daughter and wounding three
ACOTT OS mill wi th a capacity of ten
thousand yards a day, and employing two
hundred men, was started at Des Moines,
la., on the 26th, and cs it was the first in
the "State the event was celebrated by
speeches and other ceremonies.
I REPORTS on the 26th from Rochester and
Albany, N. Y., and St. John, N. B., say
that vessels had been frozen in and navi
gation was closed up.
HE St. Louis. Quincy, Omaha & Sioux
City railroad was incorporated on the 26th,
with a capital stock of $12,000,000.
TWEJJTZ miles west of Chattanooga,
Tenn., a deposit of rich lubricating oil
was found on the 26th at a depth of one
HE store of the Canton (O.) Co opera
tive Clothing Company was closed on the
26th on executions aggregating $26,000.
The liabilities were 50.000.
THE corner stone of the new court-house
at Evansville, lnd.% to cost $500,000. was
laid on the 27th with masonic ceremonies.
HE true sour"e of the Mississippi river
has, it was alleged on the 27th, been dis
covered by persons living at Sauk Center,
Minn., who say the Father of Waters
flow3 from two small creek-fed lakes
whose waters are emptied into Lake
^Glazier, recently discovered by Captain
JOHN WOODS, aged sixty-five years, and
his bed-ridden sister M:ry, aged sixty-one
years, were burned to death in Brooklyn,
N. Y., on the 27th by the destruction of
their house by fire.
A STATEMENT prepared at the Pension
Bureau in Washington on the 27th showed
that of the 15,000 estimated cases under the
-act of June 7, 1888, allowing widows ar
rears of pension from the date of their
husbands' death, 14,502 had been allowed
HE new church of the First Congrega
tional Society at Northampton, Mass., was
ruined by fira on the 27th. It cost 575,000.
ADVICES of the 27th say that the steamer
Allentown went to pieces in the recent
storm on the coast near Cohassetts, Mass.,'
and eighteen lives were lost. The losses
caused by the storm at Atlantic City, N.
J., were greater than had been experienced
since the incorporation of that city.
FRA NK TRAVIS, a bar-tender, committed
suicide on the 27th at Shelbyille, Ind., be
cause he had been discharged for drunk
A Morrelton, Ark., on the 27th City
Marshal Bentley was accidentally shot and
killed by his brother, Sheriff Bentley, who
was examining a pistol
HE City Council of Reading, Pa., on
the 27th passed an ordinance making it
unlawful for contractors to employ any
but citizens of the United States on muni
OR the first time in one hundred and
twelve days there were no new cases of
jrellow fever reported at Jacksonville,
Fla., on the 27th. Towns all around were
-raising the quarantine and trains were
JEW ET DARGENTON, proprietor of a
'boarding nous 3 at Amesbury, iss., shot
'his wife on the 27th and then killed him
self. Jealousy prompted the act.
ston's saw-mill at Adams Corners, Pa.,
killed three men.
HE canning house of McGaw Bros., near
"Spesutra Island, Md., was destroyed by
fire on the 27th. Loss, $100,000.
HE sale to a New England syndicate of
thirty-six thousand acres of mining land in
Alabama was announced on the 27th. The
price obtained was nearly 11,000.003.
ALBERT L. WALLACE, of Sandusky, O.,
,-t- ,v accidentally dropped two sticks of clyna
mite in his office on the 29th ult., demol
ishing the building and causing his own
FIFTEEN business houses at Durant,
"'A'V-* Tii*8., were burned on the 29th. ult.
rt*% i r. THEWoodsdale (Kan.) State Bank sus-
Upended payment the 28th.ts
Spikerville.on Ind. Elia Jacllsdn^'on
JU. ,^i% ,the 29th ult. mortally shot Curtis Jellison,
widower, owing to his alleged intimacy
Hl^^^^U DURING the twenty-four hours ended on
fijy^i*&*>#th 29tThW ult. there were 7 cases ofdyel-
Jacksonvillenew Fla. an no
sir&it!^ ideaths from the disease., Total cases to
idate, 4,684: total de ths, 408.
ABOUT three-score Democratic cfrftnd
Army of the Republic veterans met in In
dianapolis on ie 23th and effected an or
ganization to be known a3 the Democratic
.of Indiana. Tnfs organization is the result
of what has been termed the revolt against
the G, A. R.
HE Ne York Graphic was purchased
on the 28th by Henry Stoddard in behalf
of a syndicate. It would be made Repub
HE Michigan Supreme Court on the 28th
declared unconstitutional the newspaper
law of libel enacted in 1885.
ERNE ST WUXSC H, a button manufacturer
of Newark, N. J., committed suicide on
he 28th from despondency over the elope
ment of his wife with a son of Hon. Joseph
Chamberlain, M. P.
BAN DS of Russian and Italian miners
fought on the 28th in the streets of Mount
Carmel, Pa., a number on both sides being
stabbed, three fatally.
EARLY on the morning of the 29th ult. a
band of armed men stormed and broke into
the jail at Wytheville, Va., and rescued
Wayman Sutton, sentenced to be hanged
the next day for murder.
A Ozark. Ark., on the 29th ult John
W. Watson, a planter, gave his sick wife
a dose of carbolic acid by mistake, and she
died after an hour of agony.
rA DRUNKEN riot on the 29th ult. in the
negro quarter of Savannah, G-a., caused
the killing of one man and injuries to some
other persons, black and white.
THREE men hitched a hand-car to a
freight train on the 28th at Tiffin. O. The
car was wrecked and all the men were
GEORGE' COBB, a school teacher near
Nevada, Mo. outraged and murdered Ella
Wray, aged twenty-one years, on the 28th,
and after bsing arrested Cobb committed
suicide with poison to escape lynching.
A LOCKOUT in New York and New Jer
sey breweries took place on the 28th, and
no union men would hereafter be em
ALFK ED WII.IER a young man was ar
rested at Olean, N. Y., on the 28th for
making and passing counterfeit nickels.
A LODGE of Good Templars was formed
on the 28th at the Tuscarora Reservation
near Lockport, N. Y., with thirty-six
charter members. This was the first time
that a temperance lodge of this character
had been formed among the Indians.
THERE were 264 business failures in the
United States during the seven days ended
on the 30ih ult., against 253 the previous
seven days. The total failures in the
United States since January 1 to date is
9,166, against 8,739 in 1887.
IN the Titusville (Pa.) oil district eighty
three new wells were opened during No
A LL the coal mines on the Monongahela
(Pa) river shut down on the 30th ult. for
an indefinite period. The cause was be
cause there was too much coal in Cincin
nati, Louisville and other river markets.
Over six thousand miners were thrown out
DUKING the twenty-four hours ended on
the 30th ult. there were 5 new cases of yel
low fever at Jacksonville. Fla., and no
deaths from the disease. Total cases to
date, 4,689 total deaths, 408.
HE McClary Manufacturing Company's
building, the largest stove and tin-work
ing establishment in Ontario, was com
pletely destroyed by fire on the 30th ult.
JAMES WO OD (colored) was hanged on
the 30th ult. at Aiken, S. for tae mur
der of another negro, and John Henry
Myers was hanged at Placerville, Cal., for
the murder of John Lowell, a ranchman,
WHITE CAPS at Sardinia, O., on the
night of the30t:i ult. whipped Mrs. Annie
Jester and her grown daughter.
AFIRE was discovered.on the30th ult. in
No, 3 shaft of the Calumet and Hecla cop
per mine at Calumet, Mich. All but eight
of the miners escaped, and these, mostly
Cornishmen, perished. Indications point
ed to the fact that the fire was of incen
HE log cut at Minneapolis (Minn.) mills
for the season ended on the 30th ult. was
THOMAS B. BAKER, of the new Baker
Theater in Chicago, made an assignment
on the 30th ult. to W. W. Charles, with li
abilities of $150,000.
TRAINS arriving in Kansas City on the
30th ult. from the west were fifteen hours
late, being delayed by a severe storm of
snow which extended over the entire
western and southern portion of Kansas.
HE annual report on the 30th lilt, of the
Inter-State Commerce Commission esti
mated the railroad mileage of the country
on June 30, 1S88, at 152.781 miles, of wh:ch
2,312 were completed within the preceding
A N explosion of dynamite on the 30th
ult, on the Kentucky Midland railway
near Lexington killed four men and dan
gerously injured several others.
A LARGE vein of coal was discovered on
the 30th ult. on the farm of John T. Davis,
near Chamberlain, D. T.
A Glasgow, Mo., on the 30th ult. Mrs.
Emma Jackson, aged twenty years, at
tempted to whip her brother, aged fourteen
years, because he refused to bring her a
bucket of water. The youth immediately
procured a gun and shot her dead.
WI LL SCHRIEBEB, aged twenty-two years,
teller of the rirst National Bank of Co
lumbus, Ind., fled to Canada on the 30th
ult. with $8,500 of the bank's funds.
W. L. WILLIAMS, a star route mail car
rier, was shot. dead from ambush near
Moulton, Ala., on the 30th ult. and the
mail-pouch cut open and robbed. Regis
tered packages taken contained about $400.
HE treasurer of Spink County, D. T.,
was on the 30th ult. said to be short in his
accounts to the extent of $100,000. His
whereabouts were unknown.
mPERSONAL AND POLITICAL.
"'SENATOR.QUAY said in Washington on
the 26th that the Republicans would have
a majority of nine in the next House of
Representatives. He did not believo the
Governors of States would give certifi
cates of election to any one not entitled to
HE official canvass on the 26th of the
electoral vote of Florida gives Cleveland
39,561 Harrison, 26,659 Fisk, 403 Cleve
land's plurality over Harrison, 12,904.
HE official canvass on the 27th of the
vote for President in Indiana at the recent
election shows the following result: Re
publican, 263 361 Democratic, 261,013
Prohibition, 9,881 United Labor, 2,694.
Republican plurality, 2 348.
HE official canvass on the 27th of the
vote of New Jersey gives Cleveland 151,-
493, Harrison 144.344 and Fisk 7,904. The
plurality for Cleveland is 7,14!fc
TnE official canvass on the 27th of the
vote for Governor in Illinois at the recent
election shows that Fifer (Rep:) received
367,860 votes. Palmer (Dem.) 355,603, and
Hart (Pro.) 18,913. Fifer's plurality, 12,247.
HE wife of General W. T. Sherman
died in New York City on the 23th. The
cause of her death was heart trouble. Mrs.
Sherman was sixty-four years of age, and
was the daughter of General Thomas
Ewing, ex-Governor of Ohio.
WILLIAM G. BOWMAN, of Shawneetown,
111., Surveyor-General of Utah, died at
Salt Lake City on the 29th ult., aged sixty
HE Alabama Legislature on the 28th re
elected John T. Morgan United States Sen
ator for the term beginning in March,
HE official returns oh the 28th of Iowa's
vote for electors were, as follows. Bar*
9,105 Fisk, Sy550 total vote, 404180- n*
nson's plurality, 31,731.
MARYLAND'S new Congressional delega
tion received their certificates on the 28th
from the Governor. It is made up of two
Republicans and four Democrats.
HE biennial session of the Vermont
Legislature adjourned sine die on the 28th.
COMPLETE official returns on the 28th
from every county in Wisconsin show as
follows: For PresidentHarrison 176
553 Cleveland, 155,282 Fisk, 14,277-
Streeter, 8,553. Harrison's plurality SJL
271. For GovernorHoard, 175,696 Mor
gan, 155,425 Durant, 14,853 Powell ft 100.
Hoard's plurality, 90,271.
MISS KATHERINE T. SIMOND'B on'the 28th
completed her fiftieth year of service as
teacher in the Franklin school tit Boston.
WILLIAM H. FOSTER, cashier of the
Asiatic Bank of Salem, Mass., from 1828 to
1884, and probably the oldest bank official
in the country, died on the 30th ult. aged
HE official canvass of the vote of Ore
gon showed on the 30th ult the total vote
to have been 61,918 the vote lor Harrison
34,293 Cleveland, 26,524 Fisk, 1,677
Streeter, S63 scattering, 61. Harrison's
HE electoral vote of California, official
ly announced on the 30th ult., was: Har
nson, 124,809 Cleveland, 117,729 Fisk,
5,761 Curtis, 1,591. Harrison's plurality,
HE official count of the vote of Maine
completed on the 30th ul gives Harrison,
73,734 Cleveland, 50,482 ?isk, 2,690
Streeterj 1,345. Harrison, plurality, 23.-
HIGH winds prevailed all along the Brit
ish coast on the 26th, and many ships were
stranded. The Clyde overflowed ita-banka,
and several factories at Polljk8haw were
IT was announced on the 27th that nine
fishermen had starved to death at Pom
inish, Ireland, off the Donegal coast, the
recent heavy weather having prevented
their return to the mainland.
A Sidney, N. S. W., a lire on the 26th
destroyed the office of the town and Coun
try Journal, entailing a loss of $500,000.
HE village of Vaubecourk, France, was
totally destroyed by fire on the 27th and
thousands of persons were rendered home
less and absolutely without shelter.
A LIFE-BOAT was upset on .the 27th at
Whitby, Eng., and twelve persons were
M. HERTENSTEIN, President of Switzer
land, died on the 27th at Berne.
A BOAT race on the Paramatta1
Australia on the 27th between Hanlan and
Beach for 500 a side resulted in favor of
A FIRE on the 27th at Yesbela de Sagua,
Cuba, destroyed forty-two houses and one
hundred families were rendered home
THE Dominion Parliament is announced
to meet Thursday, January 31.
ELEV EN persons were killed and 175 in
jured by the explosion of a boiler at Kin
eshma, Central Russia, on the 28th.
A PAKCEL-POST convention was signed on
the 28th between San Salvador and the
United States. Its terms are similar to
the convention with Mexico. The rate of
postage will be sixteen cents a pound.
HE Spanish Cabinet on the 29th ult. ap
proved the bill granting the suffrage to
all citizens of twenty-five years of age who
hava resiled two years in their districts.
ADVICES of the 29th ult. report, a heavy
mail robbery at Ottawa, Ont including
registered letters from the United States.
W. F. OWENS, a well known horse
trainer, died in Toronto, Ont, on* the.29tb
ult, after a two days' illness. His name
was a familiar one on every race-course in
A Montreal, Can., on the 30th ult. three
boys while drunk lay down to sleep in an
old shanty, and when found one had been
frozen to death while the others were
ADVICES of the 30th ult say that Aus
tralia was suffering greatly from a pro
tracted drouth, which threatened famine
and ruin. Thousands of sheep. had per
ished on the ranches.
A FIRE on the 30th ult. destroyed forty
two buildings at Isabel, Cuba. The loss
was great, with very little insurance. The
origin of the fire was accidental.
A BLOoinr and murderous fight took place
in Street's City, Or., on the 2d between two
factions of Chinese highbinders. Over fifty
sho.s were fired. Four hiarhbinders were
shot down and two others badly wounded.
LrrTLEWooD, the EngliBh pedestrian won
the world's championship in the Interna,
tional walking match which closed on the
night of the 1st at Madison Garden at New
York. He made 62 3 miles beating all
CHRISTJAN HOLBECK, proprietor of the
hotel Farmer's Home at Moorhead, Minn.,
was robbed on the morning of the 2d by
three masked men in the office of the
A EICH vein of silver ore was located on
the 1st, near Wakefield, Wis., by Capt
W. W. Warner, for the Minneapolis and
FRANCIS JOSEPH, emperor of Austria cele
brated tne- fortieth anniversary of his as
cent to the throne on the 2nd.
Miss BOLETTB E. HAGE. clerk in the reve
nue collector's office tit Harrisburg, Pa., te
a defaulter to the extent of $6,000.
LORD SALISBURY i a speech at E Jinburgh,
Scotland, on the 30ih advocated the right
of suffrage for women in the English
WORD was received at Ft Dodge, la, on
the 1st, that one of the evicted settlers on
the river land had died from exposura
AT Granite, Mont, on the 2nd. a discharg
ed signal man in the Bitnetalic mine, stab
ted Foreman Banks in the,left,side,makinsf
a dangerous wound, A*
E the Panama steamer that arrived at
S in Francisco, Cal.. on the 2 from Peru, it
was learned that the Indians in the interior
of that country had committed many
outrages andjure on verge of revolution. At
La Paa:i a riot occurred wherein 140 men,
wom-.tn and children were killed and fifty
HRONK, the Chicago anarchist was con
vie don the 1st of conspiracy and sen
tenced to 12 years in the penitentiary.
MICHAEL DILLON, a ra lroad employe at
ivenporc, la, retired oil the night of the
30th and left a student's lamp burning on
a stand beside his bed. During the night
the lamp was upset upon the bed and when
he awoks he was in flames. He was burn
ed sob dly teas he died on the Isu
Two boys aged 5 and 3 years, named
Coif .nan living in Shelby County, Io
watched their father kill hogs on the 30ih.
The elder boy told his brother to come into
the yard and he would show him how to
Inch jr. When some distance away the
eld boy stxues. his brother in the head
with a Hammer and then taking along sli
ver of glass and stuck him in he throat sev
ering his windpipe. The little fellow died
in a few lours. -fj^-- A
THE Rock Hill mines' at Robertdafe^Pa,
became flooded on the lsc soon after the
men went to work. Tae men 150 in num
Jber were driven to the further' end where
they stood in water up to their china for, 1 0
hours before they were liberated.^Si^v"
THE INT&R-STATE LAW.
The- CommiMloft Charged wftfe Ito Ad*
mlufMnUlon Makes It Kepbrt The
Loar and Short Hani Glauite Must
KnfortfwdEvil* of Bate-Cuttlnff^Com-
mootlTpon the proposed Bail way Trust*
WASHINGTON, Dec. 1.The report of tne Ic
ier-State Commerce' Commission, ithieh
will be ready for' distribution in a few
Says, estimates* the railroad mileage of lihe
country on June 0, 1888, at 152,781 miles, of
which 2,81-2 were completed within the pre^
Bedinjj six months. The number of cor
porations represented In the mileage is,
1,251. but by reason of leases, etc,
many corporations operate roads owned \f
rther corporations, and the whole num-.
ber making reports of oparation was 6f5. Ot!
the 107 cases submitted to the commission 60
nave been decided, 28 withdrawn or settled, itf
suspended by request audi $t are still pending*
The report says there have been few cases ua-:
3er the long and short-haul clause in the terri*
toryeastot the Mississippi and north of the
With some exceptions^ resulting from ocean
competition, the rule orthe short-haul provis-.
ion of the law has been put in force upon the
transcontinental roads, where its operations!
and effect can be observed under what nov^
appear to be favorable conditions. In the*
S uthern and Southwestern States the com
.mission has bad reason to- think the carriers
were moving more slowly ia bringing theic
tariffs into conformity with the general stat
utory law than in other sections. An investi
gation has been ordered on December ia
The commission is in possession of no evi
dence showing that the operation of the law
has been harmful to the carriers, and is fully
convinced that the effect has been beneficial."
Railroad business during the year has suffered
severe losses, but. these are not traceable to
the act to regulate commerce,
With reference to the rate wars in the North^
west and among the trunk lines during the
'year the report says: "The ware* rates pro
ceeds without possibility of external authority
interposing to bring it to an end. The legal
right of the carr ers to reduce their general
scale of rates to any extent under the law as it
now stands is believed to be unquestionable
they have done so, and whether with any ulti
mate benefit. to themselves is at least very
The making of unreasonably low rates, the
report intimates, is often for atoefe-jobbing
purposes, or to compel the purchase of the
road by competing lines. Persons, having con
trol of railroads may deliberately make in
sufficient rates in the expectation of
profits to be indirectly and' improperly
derived therefrom. Every case of rate war
may be regarded as one of this character.
Present profits are sacrificed on a calculation
that by crippling a rival or forcing an agree
ment or compromise on some matter of con
tention the loss will in time be more than made
up. In the majority of such cases, the losses
exceed the gains.
The statute has not conferred upon the com
mission auy power to order, any increase of
rates which it can see are not remunerative.
In general, therefore, it may be said that rail
road managers possess the power to- destroy
the increases not only of their rivals but of
their own stockholders. Good service
and unreasonably low rates are antagonistic
ideas. The danger of committing the rate
makng power to subordinates whose training
and experiencesHave not generally fitted them
to deal with matters that involve questions of
policy is also touched upon.
The report says that the teniieney among
railroads seems likely to be in the direction of
consolidation as the only means to prevent
rate wars, now that pooling is forbidden, and
"But any thing equivalent to a creation of
what is now technically denominated as a trust
could hardly be supposed possible, even if the
parties were at liberty to form it at pleasure. If
the parties could come into harmony on the sub
ject an arrangement of the sort would be so
powerful in its control over the business inter
ests of the country, and so susceptible to uses
for mischievous purposes, that public policy
could not for a moment sanction it, at least un
less by statute it were held in close legal re
straints and under public confroL Like arrange
ments in other lines of business are already
sufficiently threatening to the publie in
terest, and the most ardent advocate of
the concentration of ra lroad authority can not
reasonably expect that any thing of the sort
to control the transportation of the country
will be provided for by legislation. Lacking
concentration of authority,, railroads can do
much toward better relations with the public,
and do better service by first establishing bet
ter relations among themselves."
While the commission is not at this time
prepared to recommend general legislation
toward the establishment and promotion of re
lations between the carriers that shall better
subserve the public interest than those which
are now common it must, nevertheless, look
forward to the possibil ty of something of tbat
nature becoming at some time imperat.ve un
less a great mprovement in the existing con
ditions is voluntarily inaugurated.
The report next considers the- subject of the
effect of the law upon cities,, showing that the
act has in some cases benefited consuming in
terior cities and injuriously affected distribut
ing points formerly favored' in rates. The com
mission believes uniformity in classification
as fast as possible without serious mischief is
Immigrant transportation is next consid
ered, and the commission recommends a re
ception place larger than Castle Garden, from
which those not legitimately connected with
immigrant transportation shall be excluded,
interior lines should have agents there
on equal footing. Payment of com
missions for routing immigrants, and
for procuring the shipment of immi
grants from foreign countries, should
be declared illegal and made punishable. The
commission should have power to. fix immi
grant fares. These objects can not be fully
accomplished except by the Federal Govern
ment taking complete control of the whole
The subject of the payment or commissions
is treated extensively. The eommiss on be
lieves that the evils of the system esceeds its
advantages. The subject is brought to the at
tention of Congress.
The- subject of overcapitalisation is recog
nized as an exceedingly important one, but it
is believed that it can only be handled grad
ually and in detail. It has been found impos
sible to satisfactorily obtain immediate infor
mation which shall show the cost of railroad
property, franchises and equipments.
Another quest on of construction ought also
to be settled by legislation in order to take
away the pretense on which certain through
1-nes are now claimed to be local lines in fact
and through lines only in appearance. The
commission thinks if a line is in fact a through
line by reason of ownership the corporation
controlling ought not to be at liberty to make
through rates or to decline to make them at
pleasure. The commission favors joint tariffs
and through rates, and recommends that the
carriers engaged independently in inter-State
traffic on the rivers, lakes and other navigable
waters of the country be put, In respect
to the making, publishing and main
taining of rates, upon, the same footing with
inter-State carriers by rail, so that the excuses
now made by carr era by rail for great dispar
ities in rates for corresponding transportations
as .between points which are and which are not
affected by water competition would thereby
to a large extent be taken away.
-*What time," asked a lady Mth
an armful of bundles, "does the next
train leave?" "It leaves on schedule
time," responded the affable and ac
commodating ticket agent. And the
lady retired to the waiting-room with
the remark that she didn't know it
left so late.Norristown Herald.
First Customer This coat
pinches me in the shoulder, Mr.
Cutter." "My dear sir, that is, the
^Second Customer"Why did
you make this coat so loose in the
shoulders, Mr. 6?" "That, sir, is the
way we're gutting all our coats, now."
HE SPONGE TRA0C
a JKrw York Dealer Telia Where aW HOW
Ho Obtains His Goods.
"Tlfe only place in this country
where sponges are to be obtained is efl
she Florida KeyV said abigNew York
lealer. "They are also found among
the islands of the West Indies and in
the Mediterranean) Sea. They also
"abound in the Greefr and Turkish archi
oes. The natives dire for them,
amd sometimes they .go down in from
&Mrty to forty fathom* of water. The
iWers live oaly a short, time, and after
Bve or six years becomeblimd or deaf
bhait is, if they are not eatea by the nu
merous sharks- that abound in these
waiters. They are a lazy/ set of men,,
and after they get their vessels well
provisioned will!*not work until their
3upply }s exhausted. Th-n tb^y will
work until they obtain a good cargo,
and then dispose- of it on thie outer
islands^ Six to eight men go en each
vessel. They live-on fruit, drink wine
and hanker after the society offfeiBales.'*
"Is the sponge f animal growth?"
'That's the question whichi after an
exhaustive scientific discussion! in this
city some years ago, resulted, iai the
conclusion that it is* In its original
state the sponge resembles the blow-fish
In its appearance. When it is first taken
from the water it has a pulpy fleshv and
it is laid on the shore and covered with
rushes until the rays- of the sunburn
the flesh off. Then it-is put in shallow
water and 'cradled.'""
"What are the different grades of
sponges, and whence do they come?"
"Sheep's wool, grass,, velvet and1
sponges can be obtained on the Florida
sea-coast. Sheep's wool also* comes
from Nassau, but it is not as good as
the Florida article. Itf-has large-paces.
The grass, velvet, reef and wire
sponges can also be obtained at Nassau.
The wire sponge is not sold for- use.
The Mediterranean sponge is known as
the Turkish bath sponge in this- coun-
try and as the honeycomb in Europe^
It is brought to this market after under
going the process above-described and
bleached here. The bleaching is^ done
by the use of manganate of potash,
After this is applied: the sponge is
placed in cleansing, acids, washed1,
salt water, and finally colored to the
desired tint by a solution of common
washing soda. From Nassau we- also
receive the silk, surgeons' large- oupv
eye-cup, toilet and Zamoca sponges."
"What are the finest sponges,,and
where to they come from?"
"They are known as cup-sponges*
and we get them from the Greek arohi
pelago. The sponges used in hospitals
are the small surgeon and abdominal,
and they are rapidly being- done away
with, absorption cottonbeing their sub
stitute. The sponge now made for medi
cal use is called a sponge-tent.. It is
made of reef-sponge, and is used for
cleaning out wounds and also in-ob
stetrical cases. The sponge is an:arti
cle noae of which goes to waste.. The
oiijjpings are used for filling mattresses,
atrd are also used by rail engineers for
packing journal boxes.""
"I suppose there are no tricks in.the
"0, ye3, there are. The sponge can
bo easily doctored. Common grass
spcages are frequently bleached au
put n the market as Turkish goods.
So neat is the work that evenidruggista
can not detect the difference. ."N.. T.
Wnat tne Scientist)* Know About the Curl
At a rocent meeting of the New York
Academy of Sciences, Dr. A Julian
&&& Prof. H. C. Bolton gave a-report of
the interesting results of theiclong con
tinued researches oni sonorous sands.
Tho cause of this remarkable phenome
non, which was fifs'b known: to occur in
Arabia, has long been' a mystery. In
course of time many other localities in
which sonorous sands occur become
known, and, in fact,, it may be found
almost every where- on beaches and! in
deserts. The authors collected samples
from all parts of the- world, and on
elose examination,, found that all sonor
ous sands are clean. that no dust or
silt is found mixed with, the-sand that
the diameter of the angular or rounded
grains ranges between 0:3and 0.5 of a
millimeter and. that the- material may
be siliceous, caleajeous,. or any other,
provided its specific gravity'issot very
great. When these-sands are moistened
by rain or by the- rising tide and
the moisture*is-evaporatedv a film of con
densed air is- formed oa. the surface of
each grain, which acts as an elastic
cushion, and enables the sand to vibrate
wlien disturbed. In sands mixed with
silt or dust, these small particles pre
vent the formation of a continuous air
cushion, and therefore such sands are
not sonorous. If this theory be corr ect,
sonorous sand must- beeome mute by
removing the film of air. Experiments
of the authors prove that by heating,
rubbing and shaking the sand is
"killed." All these operations tend to
destroy the film of air condensed on
the surfaces. On the other hand, sam
ples of sonorous sand were exhibited
which had been kept undisturbed for
many years. They had retained their
sonorousness but, after having been
rubbed for some time, became almost
mute. The theory advanced by the
authors appears very plausible, and
will be firmly established when they
succeed in making a sonorous sand.
Their experiments in this line have
eot yet been completed, but promise
fair success. Science. Hs-fet-ss***
1^Nuts when partly dry are sweeter
than when freshly gathered, but they
soon get too dry unless care is taken.
If mixed with an equal amount of sand
in a box and kept in a cool place the
Will tMkt drir fV
SCIENCE ANJT fUOVSTH Y.
""-Most of the needles *fld in thf#
xmntry are imported from England,
ind the number consumed annually i fi
bout 5,000,000. "Hfe
Wool growing isthesfatfc in im-|||
ortanc of the agricultural industries
n. the United States, and is surpassed yf
mly by corn, hay, wheat cotton and
A series of experiments lately -f|
nade by a French machinist are saidv^
'o have proved that steel loses weight 4*1^1
}y rust twice as rapiilly as cast ironvL'ff
vhen exposed to moist air. ^XJM- ~LV
According to Prof. Potter asphalt,
ihe artici of prominent? commercial
importance* of the present* day, was,
ased in the building of the tower of:..
Babel and other ancient structures.
-A new system of lighting called
will be usedl at the-
Wyandotte shipyard. It is1
fSSft&iS CAUSES OFF1TWE..
Some Ne Observations on. the- Subject
of Spontaneous Combustion.
In regard to spontaneous, combus
tion, the fires of the year in- Boston
have furnished some new observations
of considerable importance^. In one
case a quantity of father- dtust in a
bedding manufactory took fire without
apparent reason. Ic was found, how
ever, that a piece of thick glass had
been lying on the.feathers,, and the
sun's rays, concentrated in- some way
by the glass, had set fire to them, al- -^ljt^
though the day was a cold one in the ^f-
month of March. In another case-, a .*A"
number of tarpaulin hats were lying,
stacked together, in a window. The
high temperature, with, perhaps, the
close packing of the hats, caused them
to burst into ablaze. Two other fires
were caused by putting parafflne paper,
such as candy is wrapped in, into
refuse barrel which contained a litjtle
sawdust and a third, which destroyed g
twenty thousand dollars' worth of|f^
property, was occasioned by putting'*'"
greasy paper, which had been used to,
wrap lunches in, into a wooden refuse^
barrel, which contained some sawdust~Xk*-Ls
and sweepings.American Architect/^ ?4ifi
A Door-Step Dialogue:
3rude petroleum and air pumped by a
small engine, the flame being: three
The discovery and utilization of/
natural gas have* proved a powerful
rtimulus to the manufacture of iron
pipes and tubes in- this country there
are now 2,300 miles of mains in- theT
Dnited States for* conveying natural
As, a case ot deafness a result of
"fazing for a few seconds at a powerful
srlectric arc has been, reported toth
French Academy of* Sciences. The
after about' an
hour and a half, but returned om a
repetition of the experiment.
Dr. Charcot, the great French
physician, says that children under
sixteen can not have their brains over
worked. No forcing, he asserts, will
get out of them more cerebral work
than the brain will accomplish jrith
out fatigue. It is not till after tho
age-of sixteen or eighteen that forcing'
An international congress of nearly
five hundred physicians lately in ses
sion in Paris was practically unani
mous that consumption, or tuberculosis,
is contagious and transmissible be*
tween man and beast. There was una
nimity also as to the prime necessity"
of boiling milk and cooking meat well
as a preventive of much of the con*
sumption which now afflicts the human
Investigation has shown that po
rous terra-cotta bricks and blocks best
resist the action of fire, water and frost:
Next to these as fire-resisting materials
comes concretes and burnt clay work.
For buildings intended to be fire-proof,
the best materials are iron work, in*
cased To. porous terra-cotta, with tile or
brick work in roof and floor, and tile
construction. The hollow tiles are
faced with vitreous tile, slate, or any
goods weather-proof coating, or with a
single thickness of brick.
It is not generally known, says th
Mining Review, that important mining
operations are carried on in the Arctic
Orel'. Cryolite is carried from Green
land to Philadelphia by the ship-load
to be- used in making candles. Exten
sive copper mines have been worked
for a long time in Finland. Most of
the work of mining has to be done un
der ground, and the workmen in deep
mines suffer from heat, consequently it
is apparent that mines can be worked
as profitably in these high latitudes-as
in oar own country.
Dr. Dastre, a French physiologist,
who has been experimenting with ani
mals to determine the nature of sea
sickness, reports that after they had
been subjected to various kinds of mo
tion, corresponding to the rolling and
pitching of vessels, he found their in
testines strangely displaced." He con
cludes that a similar disturbance pro
duces seasickness on board-ships. Co
caine is said to be an excellentremedy.
Another French physician who.agrees.
with Dr. Dastre as to the causes of sea
sickness, claims to have discovered two
infallible remedies, one a mixture ot
atropine and strychnine, aud.the-othor
A wdinan called at a house on Caslf^
avenue, and asked the lady if she could*''
sell her some paints.
_z A "1 am not an artist, and do not use
any paints," said the lady. Splli*
"But this is paint for the 'complex-
ion," answered the woman.
"I do not paint my face," said the
lady, preparing to close the door.
"Well, it would look better if you,
did," retorted the other as she turned
to ZQ.Detroit Free Press.