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THEO. H. BEAULIEU.
KDXTOK AKD MANAGER.
AN INDEPENOENDENT NEW8PAPER,
JOB Published In the Interest of the White Earth OWn thinking.
Reservation and the Northwest generally.
An Exponent of a Higher Olvlllzatlon a
Fearless and Zealous Advocate whenever -wo+irtr. 4-1, ^1
Right and Justice may need a Prlend, and
Termi, tS.OO A Tear, I Idrauet.
All kinds of Job Printing, such as
Bill Heads, Letter Heads,~
Blanks, Cards, Tags etc., solicited
Werk Warranted and Satisfaction
J^tOM gso. to $53."
This Elegant Parlor Organ
style 70 containing 8 oc
*TSS. 4 Bfets of reads, 10
tops, 3 knee swells. Wool
and Book tree. For only
$83.00. With rigbt and loft
coupler. "Warranted for 6
references as to your re
sponsibility from any bank
er, postmaster, merchant or
express agent .and the Organ
xrlll be shipped promptly on
ten days' test trUl.
circular tree to all.
Be writs me, and save money. Soli
slansure esseso. *d
Mention Payer yaws this "AD seen.
Reelected Mayor April O, 1888, by a large
Washington,: Warrtn County,: New Jersey,
WHITE lwi or AMERICA.
$8.0<p>Iss*^"**s i BENTS
World for low prices.
double their motvej
to Fraud and oppression a 8ieopis Foe. terest to the public, and therefore
RICE RIVER, Minn.
Feb'y 11, 1889.
Editor Progress:It has occured
-T a representation of the condition
CorrespoMdence bearing on the In
dian questionpreblem, or on general "*is community I think deserves
interest, is solicited. public record. -"^*^AC'-?^-^^f
The people of this portion of the
reservation have been sufferers
with others in the loss of their
crops by last season's frosts.
I saw at one time, in print, a
report that a crop of 100,000 bu-
shels of wheat and oats had been
raised upon this reservation last
season. I for one do not credit
this report. I am in a position to
know something of the yield and
from personal knowledge can say
that among the full-blood Indians
the failure to realize, to any ex-
tent whatever, was great. Among
those who are considered leading
farmers the income in grain
reached but from 10 to 20 bushels,
not per acre, but the total crop of
I am led to believe th at the re-
port was based on the standing
grain while still in the early stage
of growth, but it strikes me that
crop reports, to be reliable, should
be made up from the results shown
of a harvested crop. I must ap-
pear to any one who is disposed to
look at the matter reasonably th at
such vivid reports are
Hurtful to the Indian's Interest.
He is represented as making pro
gress in agriculture at the rate of
two and three fold over and above
that which he is really making.
The Government, through its
agents, is made to understand that
the Indian has plenty while the
truth is that he has nothing
The Commissioner does not
know the actual condition because
he relies, and necessarily so, upon
the reports made to him by his
subordinates. Sometimes Inspect
ors come to this reservation they
halt at the agency office, they
make no extended tour. They
have never come to this region,
either here or to the Pembina set
The Pillagers have still annui
ties due them by reason of the sale
of lands. Th Otter-tail Indians
are part of this band. Heretofore
it has always been the custom to
make the payments in the fall
This year no payment has as yet
been made. Such a course is wrong
to the poor, the blind and the sick.
W e, for I am an Indian, feel de
sufferings of the helpless wards
W e, the Ojibwas, have always
been at peace with the whites,
while the Sioux have frequently
been at war, killing and butcher
ing innocent womeenc ande children
ltfTifai5JiL!5: of the Great fatW,, Rt
P085Jia4iAKiii1cfirfnlt|thatwedonot receive the
privation as strongly as the white it out for yoursolvea and this is the
We Feel Hunger and Cold
just as keenly. Those who have
aspt th counsel "^,iAthfe 0
KFlECHffiSAFEIf LAMP. -^a dt have always been benet 2tl^
indulgent consideration th at the
warlike tribes receive. ^^*|_
Finally, it is my way of think
ing that the precepts of anew civ,
ilization can best be promoted by|
education and religion and thef
to me to send you a brief. commu- blending together of the loities^
nication rejative to matters of my
to the general welfare of the res-
think- are. of generali in-
motives of liberality, justice an
A Montreal y. nth twenty-one
years old is serving his fh'lecnth. tern:
A Distressed Parent.
"Is that true what I hear about vour
"What do you hoar about him?"
"I hear that he is rather dissipated
and is deeply in debi."
"Yes, but that's not the worst of it.
It is much worsj than people gener
How is thai?"
'The popular impression that I am
wealthy is erroneous, hence I can't
disinherit my scapegrace son, as I
would like to. I am so poor that in
order to cut him off with a shilling I'll
have to the borrow the shilling."
Texas Sifting a.
A Schoolmaster's Story.
Happening into classroom of boys
recently I gave them this opinion:
"You desire to know just how old I
so am going to have you figure
problem:, I am twice one-half the age
of my twin brother and he is thirty
three years old, now how old am I?'*
theiirr J? nc i *w uoys wuroiin Hiemirayca iin ne
cnaige ot our affairs, I take, are grammesrt grade werenot reckoned
not suffering. They are warmly stupihdl or backward by their tea
clad and well fed, and when their
repast is over they can recline in ZT
should extend the S^^lf
die from these delays in the pay
ing of the annuities children
die of starvation and disease in
duced by want and exposure.
WHITE EARTH AGENCY, MINNESOTA, SATURDAY, FEBRUARY^, 1889.
REV. CHAS. WRIGHT.
easy chairs and smoke cigars, and
this without one thought of the wij
i i W*V A tneiro seats,w whe^ an answer was given
helping hand. I know that many that was like theirs. Most of the boys
insisted that I was sixty-six years of
age, some that I was forty-nine and a
half years old, others Various answers,
and but four that I was about as old
as my twin brother. Iu the words of
Arteraas Ward. "What is the rea^n
of this thusnes*?"American Teacher.
Tne Boston Transcript tells of' a
five-year-old boy who picked up a stone
in th path*** and thro it one side ii
order to make the way clear when
attitude and we hav should7 come:along%on his bicycle.
country roads to clear the paih of
same ieks and stones. &%
An KntliuNlastlft A 'mlrer of Snakes TeUaJ Seized the Story-writer's quill wi!h
Few Stdrles About Them
My favorite among ophidians is th&s failed.
lovely grass stiako, c7clo]ihis
I have, never been able To"Koi!tirern'ioi^*
than one of these, which I kept f
some time as a pet It was milky
green in color, and continually re
minded me of the de bracelets so
much worn by the Ciii^e.-o. One day
Gypsy, as this little fellow was
christened, esenped from his usual
place of confinement-,
and coiled about
a window-fastening. wliro ho was
discovered by a member of th family
who had ,'Hlecidol bj ctions"
to snakes. As I could not
bear to add to tnv alcoholic
specimens one which had been a pet
I took him to the woods and released
him, where no doubt he is disponing
joyously at this moment.
The best method I have uid for
capturing snakes, excepting the lare
black ones, is the following: When
you see one that you want endeavor,
by all possible means, to cover him
with your net. Then grasp'the neck
between the thumb and forefinger ofs
your gloved hand and put him into
one of the tin cans. Oi re urn ing
home saturate a small sponge with
chloroform, which thrust into the can
with your snake. You cm do this in
a small room, topreven ihu snake's
escape. 'In the course of a quarter of
an hour the snake may bo taken from
thereat! anil arranged in a bottle, which
is then to be filled with alcohol and
tightly corked, and your specimen i3
ready, for thu museum.
On one of the hunts a Indy who was
searching for botanical spocimens hap
pened to come along jtst as 1 was put
ting a snake into one of the tin can-.
She inquired what I was sroing to do
with it, and I said: 'Preserve it."
Whereupon she asked "D they
make good preserves? "...iprobability
Goethe kept a pet snake which he
took from the chimney corner and
fondled every night, whieh shows-lhal
he was partial to thrs "noxious rep
tiles," and Dr. MiCo says the snake
is the most beautiful animal in cr..-
lion. I don't know but I agree with
An Expert Tells How Sun nation
Are Put Tetittr
"The A\riling of i.vtion \i
nin has become n lm|*it*:.*i
ranch of literal mo,M
ritei- whose choriuing sum a h.i\
ckhsd a genenition of yo i' JK-OJ 1
"It seisms simple enough, duesn'i i
lo draw a lhtle upon th- iniii'rwa'io
and spin out a lot of suiff abou
/Jimmy the Safe Cracker' or 15b ih.
JJoy Detective,' butin somenof the bis
''I .npwgpaper ^v^,i^oj,
3 thi city hn
sort of holy cuthus asmand hav
One of them whose heart
tale was published had th
^lappirtess oa hearing himself called
e"andf the question waa
7 one would answer correctly, and
::d gondi i crifi who ha
jus\finished reading the effort.
"I* guess ihis faculty of wi-itin
lietion must come voluntarily to a per
son. 1 have tried, my hand at othe.
branches of literature, and have in
mediately and with- great nnanimiii
been prtuounec no good* Shortly
:if er thm rebuff a story, telling of the
superhunian deeds of a young hen
and ever since I have not
been nblet to turn out manuscripts
quickly enough for the publishers.
"On sohie days I can't, to save me,
write a single line, while at other ti-mv
I may worry through a long para
graph, button reading it a sec md lime
I tear it up iu disgust. Nothing re
mains bi4 \u wait lor an inspiration.'
'J his does not come from above, a gif
from the gods, as is vulgar!v .'*wi-ed.
but is brought on by a kno'ndg
the fact that the publisher is waitin
impatiently for the next chapter of m\
story. When I once get s:artd th.
thoughts come almost loo qiicklv.
"Do I ever correct my copy? Well,
not much. I put the story together i:
my cranium and then spin it out. 1
sometimes read it a seco-id time and
change a word occasionally, then nfl
she goes to the printer. We are no
very particular, any Way, since we an
working for boodle, not for undvi.
fame. If we were to follow the adv'.i
of Horace and lock up our ninnus-cri]
for nine years, and then take it out and
revise it, I am afraid that bootblack?,
messenger boys and the. j'oung in gen
eral Mould go A\ithou inlelleesunl food
for some lime. That, however, rniglr
not prove a serious blow to the com
munity, for messages would then.in nil
be delivered promptly.
Why, 1 have seen a messenger boy, oi
whose lleetness of foot a fortune oi
probably a life depended, sand
ing on a corner for half an hour in
tensely absorbed in one of my com
positions. Quite flattering to me, was
it noi "You think the increasing drain
should exhaust my store-house of
ideas, do vou? Let-me inform voi.
that it doubtless would, did 1 not I ear
something new every day. I alway.
make a note of every thing strange
see or ler and books and papers
give me any number of il as wh ch'l
mold to suit my leadersnot my
readers exactlybut the publisher's
readers. We write to please but on.
person, and he is that all powerful in
dividual who can take the story or re
turn it with thanks.
"Yon want to know how we an
paid? W.'1I none of us ever broom
-millionaires, yet a person with ordinary
talent can alwirys make a good ]ivi:
at the business.
"Idoallefmv writing in two
three days of the week and ran inaic
fifty or sixiy dollars withou exertin.:
myself. The most money I ev re
ceived for a story was five lumdre
dollars for a little thing I n'ni-died i
four days. It was for a celebrated
comedian who. with my pcivnissioi
erased my-name from the title pa
and inserted his own. 1 don't kuo
how much he received for nan
"I think I am doing a* much goo
for the. youig us ninny who maki
more pretentious. i of ny stories
are founded on his oiv, and probably
impress truths on youthful minds mor.
forcibly than do some of the profe.v'
sors.who affect to despite our prol'os
sion so much."^V. Y. Telatj uuiu
A High School boy went into one of
our city bookstores and asked for a
pen and a quire of foolscap paper.
"How many sheets in a quire?"
asked magnificently, as he flipped
quarter on the counter.
"Twenty-four," answered the deal
"Is it possible," inquired a citizen
as the youth went out, "that a boy iu
the grammar school can be ignorant
of such a simple thing."
"They don't teach those things at
school," answered the dealer, "they
are too, easy. If our young, people
learn thifeni at all, it must be at home.
Professors have no time to waste on
such common kiwwledjv."Detroit
Free Frcs*. v^4f^c-?igs- fcrai
Mail Orders From
THE PRICES TELL, THE QUALITY SELLS.
H'AR WAR E
BAKER'S BARB WIRE,
the Country Will Receive
Boots & Shoes,
Everything Firsi-Clasi, and at Astoniahingly Low Pricti.
Car-oads of New Goods Arriving Every Day, Come Early,
WHITE EARTH AGENCY, MINN.
1888. 8PEMTG Al^]S'OT72irCllMBl^,
Glassware and Lamp.
JO HN DEERE PLOWS,
HARROWS AND CULTIVATORS*
00HPLBT1 LIITI OF
he CARTRIDGES AND GUN SUPPLIES.^FISHING%icixE,^
25m2 JC^" Mail Orders will Receive Prompt Attention.
'trtftDO of OUmE, 15oenU,ciicopy
INWstipedsc-B. xh GreatestKovelty^^^
I faT|lBb.!to.t:ystriped, al duhe with wliito sdeH^-^-^
BRANDING A: SHITH
In ih Werl(
f^\ XIM^M^ tM
nam twk ssKsfta!
Inw liiEE, ZiSSTJSg'l
frfcs flM, prepaid, and
.certoT io& x^vlvAi GUIDE *2L?t
H(B f Amtres sow rea4r wrbtd snd nl*rn IMW tana- r frrnTv,l^-^T
^J TICK'o S FLOSH, GUIDE
wfptionff errr pay lay phot, Sower sad TrsrtibV and pricw of
HU .ae OT(