Newspaper Page Text
' " Culture of Corn.
Tim ftillnu inrr vnlnul 1 mine Cnv milt Itrf Inn
of cum, are laid down lv Jno. M. Millikin, Esq. .
of Hamilton, Ohio.
"1. If the ground intended to be cultivated
in corn has a sod upon it, it should be broken up ,
n the fall or winter preceding if the
suitable, if not, it should be ploughed
ary, or at least in March. If not level, it should
be rolled, and if not mellow, it should be har
rowed before planting.
2. If stubble or corn ground, no stubble or
stalks should be removed, unless taken to the
manure pile should be ploughed six inches
deep, and if not mellow, should be harrowed.
3. While small, the corn should be harrowed,
amlthe ground shonld afterwards be kept loose
6 . . . .....
. . .
9nr1 ma aw hvtha VAtuiitnrl ncanl t in lll Ill'nTnr
4. On sod ground, a plough should never be
.. . ... .
used in the cultivation of corn. i
5. On other ground, the plough should never '
beusedaflcr the roots have extended any dis-
tance from the hills, and at no time unless indis-
pensably necessary to prevent the ground from
6. The fibres or small roots of the corn should
not be cut; tha cutting ofT of every fibre de -
prives the stalk of some part of its nourishment, j
7. The earth should not be thrown high upon (
the hills, as it induces the throwing out ol addi- j
tional spur roots. A very sliglu portion ct
mould may be placed arouud the hill. no vieivsof ourselves, unless we look downwards; cac, seventh year is climaeterical, and brings
8. The ground in the cultivation of corn, to teach us what humble admirers we ought to be vith it some change in the modes of thinking, sit
should be kept as level as possible, to permit the , of our own value. The slighter and less solid .unions, and manner of life.'
roots to extend in every direction, and to retain his materials are. the more room they take un. I
moisture. Ritlrin.' cuts the roofs-prevents 1
Ritlging cuts the roofs prevents
the extension of the surface roots drains the
water from the hills exposes more surface to
the action of the sun, and is therefore injurious
to a crop in a dry season."
In addition to these, it is only necessary to say,
that where the depth of soil will allow of it, it is
of ereat advantage to turn it over by double i
ploujrhini runnins one ploneh, say three inches ,
deep, which turns over the sod ; whilst a second ,
plough follows, in the same furrow, and throws
the light, mellow soil from below, over the sod,
to the depth of five or six inches, covering it up
completely, to remain undisturbed by the subse
quent tending. Manure will allways pay well
for its application. A practice opposite to that
laid down in the last four rules, is one most in
jurious, and too frequently practised. It is "di-
rcctly at variance with every well established ;
principle of vegetable physiology, and is opposed
by the experience of multitudes of the most suc
cessful corn growers in the country. Liebig, in
his invaluable work, asserts, and no one can con
trovert his position, ' That the size of a plant is
proportioned to the surface of the onrans which
are destined to convey food to it. A plant gains
a new mouth and stomach with every new fibre
of root, and every new leaf.' But the notion in
question, supposes that the best way to make a
plant flourish, is to destroy all its mouths, and
..... "... .
compel it to lorm new ones, it nature is compc- (
tent to the process. Corn is always benefitted
by frequently stirring the ground, and as plough- I
ing does this, the advantage conferred
some strange process of ratiocination, been
posed to be the result of cutting the roots.
Most of the crops of corn recently grow
Kentucky, giving the enormous yield of from
150 lo nearly 200 bushels per acre, were planted
in drills, just far enongh apart to allow a narrow ,
cultivator to be run, and a single plant left every
8 or 10 inches in the row. The ground was
in fine condition, and the plough and hoe were i
scarcely ever used. It has now been clearly j
proved, that drill culture for this crop is the
most economical, yielding the greatest return for
the same amount of labor and particularly
when such a. machine as "Bacheldcr's Patent
is used decidedly the most efficient
and complete pi
cte planter ever invented.
Hofex Cattle. James Cooper, ofNew Jersey,
gives the following as a cure for this dangerous
complaint in cattle:
"Make a twisted band of straw the size of the
wrist, and place it in the mouth of the animal,
drawing it tight and making it fast over the top of talily, I perceived that the flesh had been com
the head, just behind the horns; this will cause pktely devoured from the bones by Pariah dogs,
the beast to endeavour to rid itself of the incon- vultures and other obscene animals. The only
veruenceby chewing the band, and the act of portion of the several corpses I noticed that re
moving the tongue and jaws will open the gullet ' mained entire and untouched were the bottoms
and permit the air to escape.' 0f the feet and insides of the hands, and this cx-
A cow dangerously attacked was treated in this traordinary circumstance immediately brought to
way; as soon as the straw was applied, the air
rushed violently from the stomach, and the cow
The Proud 3Ian.
A proud man is a fool in fermentation, that
6wells and boils over like a porridge-pot. He
sets out his feathers like an owl, to swell and
seem bigger than he is. He is troubled with a
tumor and inflamation of self conceit, that renders
every part of hira stiff and uneasy. He lias giv
en himself sypathetic love-powder, that works
upon him to dotage, and has transformed him in
to his own mistress. lie is his own gallant, and
makes most passionate addresses to his own dear
perfections. II commits idolatry to himself, and
worships his own image though there is no soul
living of his church but himself, yet he believes
as the Church believes, and maintains his faith,
. . 1 f . 1 11 V. 1111.! n . .
I with the obstinacy of a fanatic. lie is his own , examined, and there is a similar appearance m
i' favorite, and advances himself, not only above side some of the blisters. When the pipe manu-
his merit, but all mankind; is both Damon and
Pythias to his own dear self, and values his cro-
ny above his soul. He gives place to no man but
s broken up, uimscii, anu inai wun very ereai cisiance io an i
weather b! ' otherswhom he esteems it worthy to approach ,
liFebru-!him. He believes whatever he has, receives a
himself, and that with very great distance to all
.. i... ? .... v i
vaiue in ueing nis; as a norsc in a iiouiemuii s
1 J 1
stranger, with ceremony and compliment but ad-
mits of Tin nrivnnv. ITi strivps to look belter
.tiian lamseU, as well as otliers, ana is no Dcucr :
Li i . ii.. v.,1-
'.. . . , ,. .. . i
llian niS OU'n TViraSllft HTK1 IKllLCrcr. J 111L1C
flood will make a shallow torrent swell above its.
lit . i i.ii. .
bank, and raic, and foam, and yield a roaring'
noise, while a deep silent stream glides quietly (
on; so a vain-glorious, insolent, proud man, swells
with a little frail prosperity, grows big and loud, 1
and overflows its bounds, and when he sinks, '
leaves mud and dirt behind him. I lis carriage is
as glorious and haughty, as if lie was advanced j
upon men's shoulders, or tumbled over their (
heads like Knipperdoling. He fancies himself a
Colossus and so he is, for his head holds no pro- !
portion to his body, and his foundation is lesser
than his upper stories. V e can naturally take
and m;.ke him swell the biraer, as feathers and !
and m;.ke him swell the bigger, as feathers and
cotton will stuff cushions better than things
more solid parts. Duller,
A Xen way of getting a School .Master,
The passion for knowledge received not ma-
ny years ago a singular and striking illustration,
The PC0Ple inhabited a rude district of the
r i ... r i. .1 . , e . i I
cn me necessity oi a icaeii-
cr for tIlcir dUren. They were a half savage
racc who had "sqnattcd" among the rocks and
buiuiu uiu ucui a iruau'i uiiwc uiou in a luiuiuuii
market. He is so proud, that he is hard to be nOTey an P,n,on w, '."n' f f N. J., Mf. Burnell of Mass., Mr. W. Cost
acquainted with himself as with others, for he is , JT i ' n he i" 1 Jhn of Mar, land, Mr. W s, of Va. , Mr.
very apt to forget who he is, and knows hiinsclt t P 1 'e a" " ra . .i rf, nn(r: I L. Williams of N. C, and Mr. PenJ'eton of
bogs, parts of which they had reclaimed, so as to to the lady, informing her of his mutilated coiuli
afford something beyond the means of existence. tion, and generously cifTering, to release her from
They could, however ofler very little inducement her engagement. "Tell him," replied the noble
to a school master to settle among them; every girl, "that I will joyfully marry him if he has
temptation was tried without cfTecl; at length they only "enough of body to hold his soul.' "
resolved upon a daring expedition to remove the I Thg nihle l a Discovni.-JeW, a daughter of
evil ot which they complained. 1 hey took lore-
iblc possession of a Dominie, and conveyed him ,
by night from a distance of several miles to the !
. . i il 1 . 1 , r
iiv-iiui, ui muii iuiic mountain nuts. lie was
freely and bountifully g.ven everything to make
him comforlablc; a cabin was built for him; his
"garden was dug and planted; a "slip of a pig" j
was added to his household goods; and he was
,lolJ tIlal he ual on,J' to orJcr to have aught that
the "neighbors could procure lain. But he
was closely watched and given clearly to under
stand that until he had educated one of his new
pupils, and fitted him to supply his place, he was '
. i r i:. .i
"ul r""1" lu aimer a nine irom m uouu-
cile' This imprisonment actually continued for
ve years, and it will, perhaps, surprise no one
P'e ,0 whom he had becotne attached, and whose
children s children he lived to educate.' Ire
lmuh by Mr. and Mrs. Hall, Part VI., p. 2(i0.
A Striking Fact. In "March last," says an
. T T.l" , i, . -
lnu,a rrespon,.ent, -as i w as repairing to
Ul "al,ve v,1,e of Kustom ,0 surve' a bri,,ferp
niuuii was iiiruwn across ine roau on my rout
from the station at Jelasore, on crossing the Sou
bunreeka river, my attention was attracted to a
number of human skeletons, which lay scatlcrcd :
in various directions on the white sands adjacent
tothc coursc of t,,c sheam. Upon inquiry I j
learned that these unfortunate relics were the rc-
mains of pilgrims, who were on their road to the
great pagoda at Jugernaut, and had been drown-
cd two evenings before, by means of a ferry-boat
sinkintr with them A,,rnrr ,.riWf.... 1 1
' approaching several of these sad vestiges, of mor
my mind that remarkable passage recorded in the
'. 2d book of Kings, relating to the death and ulti
mate fate of Jezebel, who was, as to her body,
eaten of dogs and nothing remained of her but the
'palms of her hands, and soles of her feet.'
Curious Effect of Lightning o Cfe.Tlie !
Maidstone Gazette states that durintr a thunder '
storm in that neighborhood, when several hay
stacks were tired, and much oilier damage was
done;one flash of lightning, after strikingachimney
and the tiles of a pipe manufactory, was partially
dispersed, and reflected against the dwelling house
opposite, the four windows of which facing the
chimney, and about fifteen or twenty feet distant,
presented a l ery singular appearance. In seve
ral panes oval blisters have been raised, like the
air-bubbles seen in badly manufactured sheet
glass. When first observed, they were covered
with a fine dark colored powder, which was un
fortunately brushed away without being minutely
I has by ,to leJrn that, when the Dominic obtained permis-,ol's guises that insanity puts on, cutting pigeon out ion attack on the Niuth.
sun . sion lo visit his old friends and communicate to wings in the ball room. It was, however, with-' 9 1 nl""n'T was "PI,osr l,J'
... them the fact of his being still in existence, he out doubt, a salutary change of discipline. ' cu. j.,,,.,.,. (Jlnun WbrVi leV a ui
n in ' positively rclused to stir, and died among the peo- -"'""" ...... ....,. j-1(
factory was struck, four men at work were knock-
ed down, and were of course dreadfully alarmedj
Prejudice of Reform. The prejudice of re
, , .i, v
f"' an?, the Tl IvT 1
thinks -7?, I
w orn out. ncn ne icons tr- - .
. t,rrnr tu.
on.y cue uuwiy . " " r r
I la Ul Ul JUUIU1 l-iui" ...... -
I" , 1 f 1 -Ar.irtn iinil nf ItH'l' 11 H I) 1 P -
al combinations for the converson of the world.
hould he once
iui a new far- nc ,
1 1ILI t 13 1IU 1IUM1 I ' LillS IIIUII
it long enough to mak it his own.
Climacterics. 'On such a day,' says Luther,
. w;n cclehraln my sonfs tiirth. lie will then
c going into his seventh year, which is climacler
icl,l, that is, producing a change. For the seventh
vc;ir mates an alteration in human creatures.
o n.i n'.i i; ; ,n f Plnir wis snstaineJ-the
erasp the truth bv accident, he would not hold the decision ot Hie Uliair was siismuieu, mr
The fjrst slate of life is infancy, then childhood, branched oil' upon the removal of the depos-
which learns something. At fourteen the lad is itcs. The Chair called him to order. Mr.
taught more important things. At twenty-one j C. sppealed. After a little explanation, Mr.
lie thinks of marriage. At twenty-eight he is'C. withdrew the appeal, anJ w ent on. He
providing for his family. At thirty-live has ' said if Captain Tyier had approved the hank
SOme office in Church or State. In his forty-sc- i bill there would have been no necesMt y for
conJ year he is engaged as a magistrate. So .
TI,C frwii.g beautiful anecdote is from a new
work by Mrs. Ellis, entitled "The English Mai-
i!cn: her Moral and Domestic Duties."
'Sir Robert IJarclay, who commanded the Bri-
tish squadron in the battle of Lake Erie, was
horribly mutilated by the wounds he received in :
that action, ha ing lost Ids right arm and one of
his legs. Previously to his leaving England he
. i . . 11. l i.
as engaged io a young iay io wiioni ne as
tenderly attached. Feeling acutely, on his re-
turn, that he was a mere wreck, lie sent a friend
j5ar(.,ms W(. slri(.kcn ;n kJ . .
. iu na(1(Ii , anJ jrawi a we
j worn bible from under her cloak, presented it to
'.i i , , ,, r
e a(lvisnd ,i(r ,0 uU . ,omc anJ se it. !
,)Ut lc wom;m Hcdf . ' sirf ;f , Q. nap WQ I
mc f()r , ivJ cclados for a I
. . v m . .
ony ntair!' Scottish Paper.
Ball among the Insane. The Bangor W big says
that on Thanksgiving evening a splendid ball j
came offal the Insane Hospital, Augusta. Most
Uf ,.,i;t. :.. ,u
. , ,r..iU .,. WK amusi-im-ius ..i
the evening, and appeared very happy. It must
have been a strange si-,'ht to have seen the vari- j
Mu.v:.v, J.mtnry 10.
v i i
i.tr .ii-u.iu mi- (i.iy in iisi' innp io a tl:
speech iVoni the Il.m. Mr. Evan-, of Maine,
upon the reference, &c, of the Fiscaliiv.
After prayers by the Rev. Mr.
which were short, sweet, and hi"hly satisfac-
lory the Jourmd was read, and then .Mr.
Fillmore moved to suspend ihe
lor pe- .
titions to go into Committee of the Whole
for the purpose of taking up the bill to an-1
tiioiize the issue of Treasury notes. j
Ti . . .t r r
Ihe motion, nt the suggestion of Mr.
tti iggs, of Mnsracl.uetts, was now amended,
so at to postpone the receptions untd lo-mor
The speaker siij il would require two
thirds of the meinbcis presented to post
pone. Th.? yeas and my were demanded, and
ordered upon the motion, and there were
yeas 145, nnys 41.
So the House deci.led to postpone the
call for pemions until to-morrow.
The House then went into Committee of
the Whole, Mr. Hopkins in the Chair.
r. w: -.ii i- i
, T " wmu,rew ms -
, L" U'C ,'nnU "n e g" Wat
it would jeopardize not only Treasury Note
bill, but the repeal of the Land bill.
After adopting an amendment, afford by
Mr. Fillmore, Mr. Wcller, of Ohio, proposed
an apdiiional section to suspend the action
of the Distribution bill: and apply the land
fund to the payment of the debts of tl e
United States. He did not offer the amend
ment to embarrass the Treasury, but to aid
t. He wished a direct vote upon the sub
ject. Mr. Fillmore, of New York, raised a
question of order.
The Chair deciJed the amendment oui u.
order. His reasons will be given at length
Mr. McKeon, of New York, appealed
from the decision of the Chur.
Mr. McKean, Mr. CiiilVd, Mr. Holmes,
of S' - Mr' Go',on f N' Y" '
1. Mr. Smith of Va-, and Mr. A. V.
..c t c.h ni the annea.
diuu hi icuurascv, -rr-
Mr. T.llinghast of R I , Mr. Maxwell ol
Ohio sustained the Chair.
The question on the appeal was then tn-
ken, and there were yeas 92, nays 73. So
Whigs mostly voting ye i, and the Demo
j Mr. Co"per of Va. sniil be did not intend
to inflict a long and set speech upon the Com
mittee, but he wished to give his rensons
nir linst the issue of Treasury noies. Mr. C.
t,e issue of the Treasury notes, but now-
" lie has gone so f.ir tint to wade no more,
Returning would be as bad as In go o'er."
lie said he knew the 1'iesideiil had court
ed the Damsel , cuficiim.
Mr. Wise asked him to specify the time
M'. Cooper referred to the MaJisonian.
Mr. Wise denied that there was any such
Mr. lVo.Tit ol Indiana answered Mr. Coop
er com lusively.
Mr. Marh.."l of Ky. fallowed Mr. Trcfiit.
The House was in session at half past 3
Washisgtojc Citt, Jan. 11, 1842.
In the Senate petitions and memorials were
presented during the morning hour by Messrs.
Wright, Calhoun, Maugtim, &c. some for and
some against the repeal or postponement of the
liankrtipt Law. Ihey were severally referred
lo the Committee on the Judiciary; after which
hills of a private and local nature were advanced
on their passage. j
i :n . . r : . . ii ..i . i
Mr. Prentice gave notice that on lo-morrow ;
, . . . . .....
rpose of abolishing the offiee of commissary. I
Mr. Calhonn's resolution, ofTered yesterday, 1
f'r inqiiiring into the circumstances of the mt.r-
f"''''"',,eJ slaves on board the (reole, and
-jiuc imeriereiire oi ureal iniain wun tne prop-
j crty of American citizens in that vessel and those
slaves, coming up for consideration in the order
of the day
Mr. Porter inoed to strike out the word
? - VES al"' "'sert the word rERsoss, as being
in uoiuui iiii.y uu mu wonts ny wnien persons
: .. r ...:.i. .!.- i i i i
j)oumj m scrvituje wtrc j,. by tj,e Con
Mr. Calhoun opposed this as an insiduous Ab-
j The question of referring the Secretary of the
Treasury's report and exchequer bill being in
M- TV-It l l . r
. nami-i uuuicssi-.i me rcnaie ior more
ban an hour in faver of the Suit Trrasnrv nnr.
tion of the bill, and a modification of the cur
rency and exchange clause. The Senate then
went into executive session.
In the House of Representatives the special
order was the report of the Judiciary Committee
for the repeal of the Bankrupt Law.
On motion of Mr. Fihnore, after a long debate
on points of order, the special order was post -
I l... : . i ' TM . - i i-
a juajuriiv ui o. x ne consideration oi
,l t . , , .
" iiciuuii noic uui n as men resumeu in oin-
mittee of the Whole.
Messrs. Underwood, Gamble and Fessendcn
advocated the bill, and Messrs. Dean and Floyd
opposed it. Whilst the latter was sneakiii"-, it
' ' i,rv.i ,v "'.i.;
was observed there was not a quorum; so the
Committee rose and the House adjourned.
Wasiu.xctox, January 12, 1842.
Petitions from New York were presented by
Messrs. Wright, Huntington, Walker, Clay, and
others some for the repeal, modification, or
postponement of the Bankrupt act; and some
against any interruption to its immediate opera
tion. In presenting one of the latter kind,
Mr. Calhoun observed that, deeply as he sym-
PalhisC(l with the petitioners, he could not con
cur in the prayer of their petition, because it
was his firm conviction that the continuance of
the act would eggravate the evils complained of,
by spreading the distress of the country much
wider. No doubt many innocent individuals
were suffering from the effects of an inflated and
irrredeemable bank currency, which he con
sidered the cause of all the insolvency and bank
ruptcy which gave rise to such appeals. If this
act was continued in operation for three years,
one thonsand millions of dollars worth would be
brought under the hammer of the auctioneers ;
and the conntry could not furuish means to pur
chase it, unless at an enormous sacrifice to both
debtor and creditor.
Mr. Berrien replied to Mr. Calhoun ; after
which some business of little general interest was
transacted; and the orders of the day were
The unfinished business of yesterday was tie
motion to refer to a Select Committee the report
and Exchequer bill of the Secretary of the
Mr. Merrick had the floor, and spoke for
about an hour in favor of the reference, and of
the adoption of the principal features of the
measure, in the absence of what the Whigs
wished, a National Bank.
Mr. Sevier followed, principally in opposition
to both the reference and the scheme itself.
Mr. Benton obtained the floor, but the hour
being late, gave way for a motion to adjourn.
And then the Senate adjourned.
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES,
Jannary 12, 1842.
The Journal having been read
Mr. Fillmore asked the Chair what business
came up first in order.
The Speaker informad him that the presenta;
tions of petitions, under the suspension of the
Mr. Fillmore moved to suspend the call of pa
tions, and the House decided to suspend.
Mr. Fillmore then introduced a resolution to
lake the Treasury Note Bill out of Committee of
the Whole to morrow at 12 o'clock.
Mr. Athcrton objected, and called for reports
from Committees. He wished the Committee of
Judiciary to have an opportunity of presenting
its report of a bill to repeal the Bankrupt act, in
conformity with the order of the House.
Mr. Fillmore observe! that it was very ev
ident that report could not be made to-day. He
therefore moved a suspension of the rules, for
the purpose of presenting his resolution.
The rules were n-it suspended yeas 119,
nays u'j two-thirds not voting in the affirmative.
The House then went into Committee of the
Whole, yeas 10.), nays 92, (Mr. Hopkins of Vir
ginia in the chair.)
Mr. Johu G. Floy.l of New York continued his
remarks in opposition to the issuing of Treasury
notes' Mr. Floyd arraigned the Whig party at
the bar of public opinion for their enormous ex
penditures, and showed th rottenness of their
When Mr. Floyd liad finished,
Mr. Arnold of Tcnncsce commenced where
he left ofT on the TarifT resolution, and cursed
John Tyler worse than Dr. Slop did Obadiah,
when Mrs. Shandy was in distress.
The House was in session at 3 P. M. and Mr.
Arnold was still speaking.
ArroRTioxMr.NT or Reptesestati vfs to
Congress We extract fiom the recent Report
of the Secretary of the State the following table
containing the number of Representatives to
Congress each Slate will he entitled to under
the new Censes, at the rate of one to every 60,
000 inhabitants to be represented :
KcprcscntUivcs, and the tractions over.
N. Hampshire, 4
Thc whole number of which the Hmit .;n
be composed, if 60,000 be adopted for its ratio,
is 251. That number is large enongh for the
despatch of the public business, and we thinfc
60,000 should be the ratio. If practicable, we
should not object to a ratio, high enough to di
minish the unwieldy numbers of the present
House, and make the new one more dignified?
and deliberative. Under the control of the
W higs, it has been as turbulent and precipitate
in uj acuon, as me largest mass meetings durin"
the last presidential contest.
Waking up the wrong Passengers.
A Wobd. The New Era, refering to our re-
mnrlr fin iYia r?-..t-- . T
iMn.iujii urn, says:
"We may be allowed to remark, however, that
it .i . . ..
" a.gucs me possession oi no inconisderable share
,of presumption in the editor, for him to under-
u, nnyuung in regard to the public opin
ion in St. Louis. I le can know nothing respect
ing it. The dust of another city is not yet off his
shoes. A stranger here thrown by circumstan-
.uuiigSi a lew politicians, and, necessarily,
unacquainted with the views and wishes of the
mass of the people he can mrl. t, i..i
to speak advisedly on such a point. Of course,
j .tCillelll wnicu ne may make in regard to
public opinion will be considered by all thinking
men a random, "reckless assertion."
If we have not resided in the City a legal age,
we can at least say our views have been disinter
estedly given unl)Lin,l K . h.
- j nunc luiwruK
P .h se"t,mcnt' and M to make it, by
amendments, what it should be.-.