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J. H. D. Henderson, Editor and Proprietor. The Union of the States and the States Of the Union. I. W. CrKiuKciiAif, rciifsiB.
VOLUME 1. ' BOWLING GREEN, MO. SATURDAY, APRIL, 9, 1842 T NUMBER 2S
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The following gentlemen are author
ized to act as Agents for the "Radi
cal..' R. M. KtRcnnvAL, Louisiana, Mo.
A. Mase, P. M. Frankford, "
II. T. Kent, P. M. Clarksvillc, "
C. E. Perkins, P. M. Auburn, "
J. H. Britton, Troy, "
B. Gibson, P. M. Paynesville, "
P. W. Overly, P. M. Shamrock, "
J. D. S. Drtden, Palmyra, "
John Ralls, New London, "
A. Hendrix, P. M. Spencerburg. "
J. Crosthewait, P. M. Madisonville, "
W. H. Nicklin, New Hope, "
W. T. Bond, P. M. Sugar Grove, "
L. T. Musicr, Hickory Creek, "
E. Emerson, P. M. Louisville, "
J. B. Wells, Warrenton, "
H. Cave. Danville. "
From the Plalle City Eagle.
Sweet Cumberland! by the I've strayed,
And cull'd Springs earliest flowers;
And on thy verdant banks have played
In childhood's happy hours!
But ah! no more I'll pensive view
Thy chrystal waters glide:
I go where Mississippi rolls
Her dark majestic tide.
Yet, though I wander far from thee,
- There is a hallowed spot '
Within thy bounds, which ne'er can be;
While life remains forgot!
For there, in death's dark slumbers, rest
The friends I've lov'ed so dear
Whose mem'ry's 'shrined within my
With fond religious care.
But now, when gentle Spring returns,
With all her vernal showers,
Someother hands than mine shall strew
Their lowly grave with flowers,
And dear lov'ed ones in grief I leave,
Whose hearts are warm and true:
And deep's the anguish of my soul,
As I bid them adieu!
And yet to soothe each aching heart,
A hope divine is given:
Though friends so dear on earth must
They all may meet in Heaven!
And now the last embrace is o'er,
The boat hath left the strati,
And I perhaps shall see no more
Aught of that dear lov'd land!
And as I gaze, the windig stream
Conceals them from my view:
Ye friends so dear, a long farewell
Home of my youth adieu!
Air.Tlie Mellow Horn.
All hail the great, the glorious day,
The drunkard has reformed;
Come sign "the pledge" without delay
- Be of your fate fore-warned;
King Alcohol can reign no more,
His citadel is stormed.
All hail the great, the glorious day,
The drunkard lias reformed
Has reformed the drunkard has re
formed Has reformed the durnkard has re
formed, All hail the great the glorious day
The drunkard has reformed. &c.
Proclaim the tale o'er hill and dale,
Raise your voices high,
Ye angels clap your hands for joy;
Proclaim it through the 6ky
A pure and balmy air we breathe
New life begins to dawn;
All hail the great the glorious day,
The drunkard has reformed.
From tba New Geneiee Farmer. J
Briog bloiiomi of every hoe and name,
And budi for opening youth,
Crarlandf for honor and wreathf for fame,
And fadelete lovti for parert flamei
Of tba heart! enduring troth, -
Flower for tha mouner, floweri for tbe
Or garnish the hall of death.
And to atrew the biart of them who died,
la yoeth and age and maohood'f pride,
Fortuch and for all a wreath. Locke.
In all ages and in every clime, the
love of flowers has been cherished
and cultivated with increasing atten
tion and admiration. They have re
ceived the fondest titles that sympa
thy or affection could offer, and in
their opening petals and fading beau
ties, they invite to the most pleasing
reminitcences and affecting reflec
tions that are associated with life.
In the one, we behold the morning
of our own existence beautifully ex
hibited with freshness and dews of
youth upon us; while the other in
vites the reflection that "all flesh is
grass, like the grass it withereth, and
like the flower it fades and its good
liness passes away." Thus every
age finds in them some emblem of its
own fleeting being and every circum
stance of life may hail them as coun
terparts. In ancient times they were employ
ed to deck the feast, and strew upon
the bier and grave where affection
called the admiring crowd for convi
val festival, and weeping sorrow laid
its loved one to repose. They were
spread in paths of triumphant warri
ors as the emblems of victory and
honor; and in gay wreaths aJorned
the brow beneath which gay anJ
happy hearts beat in holy response
at love's pure rituals.
They bloom alike in the limited
territory of cottager, and in the proud
and extended parterres of the wealthy
and the gay.
A love of Mowers has every been
regarded as an index of moral excel
lence and intellectual refinement.
Who that beholds their unostenta
tious elegance, their gay simplicity,
and unassuming heautity every turn
away from them without being im
pressed with the emptiness of arti
ficial pomp and splendor? Who that
witnesses their evanescence, will not
read effectually the lesson of univer
sal frailty and decay! For childhood
and youth the cultivation of fllowers
presents an imposing employment and
an interesting and instructing amuse
ment. In the period of existenc,
when care does not present its cor
roding anxieties; when the spirits are
free and buoyant, and the world
smiles fresh and gaily on every hand,
when expectation is buoyant in look
ing through life's vista as upon a bed
of Jlouxrs; when homo and aear as
sociations are binding the soul in a
thousand ties as indissoluble as exis
tence; when every scene and every
object is impressing the mind with
images which are to dwell like bright
spots upon the memory; when man
hood comes with its sober reign and
a"e with its furrowed brow and sil
very hairs, in the morning of being
when every action does its full share
towards laying the foundation to
thought, feeling and principle for life,
what employment for leisure hours
can be more appropriate, than aiding
the floral world in its grand designs
of beautifying the earth, and what
teachings of wisdom can be more
powerfully inclulcated than those
thaught by the simplicity and purity
To the female sex, in every period
of life, it offers considerations of
creat and abiding import. From
them they may derive rich lessons to
aid them in rearing the temple ol the
mind in those who are to succeed
them, a sphere peculiarly their own,
and to close with a response the in
terrogatory of another. There is
no obiect in nature more beautiful
than a young and lovely woman seen
in a parterre of flowers, herielf the
fairest, adorned with innocence and
virtue, administering to the drooping
wants of the lily, or watenmg the
expanding beauties of the rose,
From the Spirit of the Age..
There is not a more foolish notion
afloat in the world than in the one
that it is the occupation that gives
character to the man. One occupa
tion, as the means of "getting a liv
ing," as the phrase goes, is precisely
as high and creditable as another, pro
vided that it be honorable and in ac
cordance with the laws of God and
man. The man whojiolds the plough
hammers his iron, or drives his peg
to support his family with the neces
saries and comforts of life, is not a
whit below the one who measures
tape behind the counter, mystifies tha"
law at the bar, or presides at the
councils of the nation. There is a
vulgar and most pernicious feeling a
broad in the community on this sub
ject. Fathers must educate their
sons for one of what are called the
"Learned Professions." Daughters
must marry a lawyer, a doctor, a
clergyman, or a merchant. Horror!
the good lady would as soon think of
marrying her daughter to a Winne
bago as to a homely, industrious, and
honorable mechanic. Why, the fami
ly would be disgraced the name
dishonored. No, no the business
of a carpenter, a blacksmith, or a
firmer, is not so respectable as that
of shaving notes, drawing stolidity
from the desk, peddling rotten wood
or pills, or selling snuff or tobacco.
And yet, the duty of all the learned
professions, as "well as those of a
mercantile character, are performed
for the same reason that a shoemaker
waxes his thread and the farmer plants
his potatoes, viz: to obtain a living.
Still a set of miserable upstart fools,
who are almost universally low bied
people themselves, people who have
begun to live in the ditch, endeavor
to establish in society artificial dis
tinctions which they bope will ele
vate them above the common mass
from which they were taken, and give
to them an importance when innate
worth and honesty could net com
mand them. Labor is labor Honest
labor is honest labor. Honest and
honorable labor are the same, wheth
er performed by the king or the beg
gar, and is just as honorable in the
one as in the other.
It is true that nil men, by habit and
by taste, are not fitted to pursue the
same vocations, and there are natu
ral divisions, not distinctions, as the
word is commonly used, created by
harmony and taste. This is as it
should be, and fits us for the discharge
of all the peculiar duties that devolve
upon us as members of society. But
to say that, because a man perforins
any given duty, however humble,
through necessity, degrades him or
renders him less merritorious than
his neighbor, who performs another
duty yet more faithfully, is to say
that we still adhere to the monarchi
cal principles of the old world.
Let the father educate his son to
some honorable calling, and if he has
predelictions for any particular busi
ness, as is otten the case, let him fol
low it if it be possible. It is the
man that ennobles the business, not
the business that ennobles the man;
and not spend a thought upon the
distinctions in occupations, honora
ble and honest, that fools have at
tempted to build up. Let children
be taught to be honorable, and honest
and upright, to set a proper value up
on the riches of the world, which is
only at best but a bubble, blown into
existence to-day to burst to morrow,
and to understand that the only true
and enduring riches are an intellect
duly cultivated, affections schooled,
and a heart that knows no guile.
Colic or Grubs.
I give you here a recipe for curing
horses of colic or grubs. I have tri
ed it more than a dozen times (with
severe cases of belly-ache, whether
from colic or grubs, I could not say)
and without failing in a single in
stance to afford almost instantaneous
Simply rub the large vein on eith
er or both sides of tha neck of the
horse, with spirits of turpentine.
Rub it in strongly the whole length
of the neck over the vein, and in
twenty minutes the horse will be re-leved.
I was told of this practice, two or
three years ago and have acted up
on it ever since, and have never
known it to fail. Further than this,
I vouch not for it but any thing that
ma'lesien the suffering of that no
ble and useful animal ought to be
known to and tried by all.
So if you think it worth a place in
quackery, I give it you for insertion
in your paper anonymously.
The above is an extract from a
letter written us by a friend who is
entiled by heditary right to know
something about horses, and for
whose veractity we will vouch.
The remedy is one of the most con.
venient character we have ever heard
suggested, which is a point of great
importance. Southern (Richmond
j From a conversation with our
friend, Mr. Thomas S. Dicken, whose
j practical knowledge of farming ise
. qual to that of any gentleman with
whom we are acquainted, we derived
j the following hints for the manage
ment of new grounds:
Cut down your trees in spring or
summer, whilst the sap is in full flow:
this expedites extremely? the decoy
of the stumps and laps. Great ad
vantage in obtained by cutting your
trees as close as possible to the
ground; your swingletree then passes
over the top of the stump, and you
can jffoujh much closer to it; besides,
the saving of firewood is considera
ble, and if the tree is a timber one,
every body knows the most valuable
part is that next the ground. After
removing )'our fire-wood, never burn
the laps and leaves, but permit them
to remain upon the surface of the
land, two years, if possible; by that
time, if they were cut when the sap
was up, they will te greatly decay
ed. Proceed, then, to fallow your
ground, turning under every thing
that the plough can manage; if any
large sticks remain undecayed, they
must of course bo removed by hand.
The following should be done during
the fall or winter. In the spring,
plant your corn and take a little
pains to cover it with dirt as free from
the trash as possible. The process
of decay still goes on, and a quanti
ty of decomposed vegetable matter
is obtained, much greater in quality
and quantity, than could have been
derived from the ashes of the burnt
Mr. Dicken, whose experience is
very great, and who attends to eve
ry opperation on his farm in person,
informs us, that this system was once
accidentally pursued, because it was
not convenient to follow the old, and
favorite, plan of burning. He was
astonished at the result; he of course
continued it, and he assures us that
he has never seen such crops of new
ground corn as it is sure to produce.
Here, again, is the cover afforded
to the land for two years producing
extraordinary effects. Mr. Dicken
gave no credit to this fact: but we
are satisfied that the ofSce of cover
ing and sheltering alone, which the
trash had performed for two year,
would have been worth more than
any benefits that could have been ob
tained by burning. 76.
The Editot of the New York Me
chanic speaks of an improvement in
the shape of a fencing machine, which
will enable the woikman to- afford a
very superior fence at a much lower
rate than the ordinary price of the
common post and rail. He thinks it
will soon be as common for a farmer
to apply at an agricultural warehouse
for his fencing as for his ploughs and
axes. Although well aware of the
vast amount of labor that may be
saved by well constructed machine
ry, we doubt very much if it can
evercomeinto competiton with south
em labor, which it either employed
at this work during the winter
months or idle altogether, especially,
when the cost of transportation and
the city value of timber is to be ad
ded. For these reasons, this is the
last subject to which we would have
thought of applying any machinery,
except that which could be worked
by every farmer on his own planta
tion. The subject, however, is of
vast importance, and we should be
glad to hear farther particulars of the
American Prisoners in Mexico.
Narrative of Mr. Franklin
Combs, one or the Prisoners.
The expedition after about ten
weeks march, through a country in
fested by Indians, arrived at the Palo
Duro, where being straitened for
food having previously sent their
guides in advance, it was determin
ed to dispatch about a third of the
armed force, and two of the commis.
sioners to procure provisions and
prepare the party for the entrance
of the expedition into the pro
vince of Santa Fe. The impres
sion at the time was that the expedi
tion had reached within 90 miles of
Santa Fe, in consequence of which
belief the advanced division took
with them only three days rations.
Col. Cook and Dr. Brenham where
the commissioners accompanying the
advance, and Capt. Sutton comman
ded the armed escort. The remain
der of the forces were left at the Pa
lo Duro under the command of Gen
eral McLeod, surrounded by a vast
number of Indians, who were con
tinually harrnssing them and who had
actually killed five of them the day
upon which the divisions set upon its
The advanced force soon learned
that the expedition had made a fear
ful'miMake in supposing Palo Duro
to be within 90 miles of Santa Fe.
The distance was nearly 300 miles,
and as a consequence, the rations pro
vided for the troops were exhausted
before they acconplished a 3rd, of the
road to Santa Fe. The division the re
sorted to every expedient to escape
starvation. They first subsisted up
on such of the horses as had broken
dewn, and wild berries which were
occasionally met with in the prairies.
When these resource failed, they
were compelled to live upon snakes,
horned frogs and other reptiles which
abounded in the pniries and which
constitutad their principal and for a
time, their only food. After march
ing in this way for two weeks or
thereabouts, the division arrived at
Gallina?. From this place, Van
Ness, Lewis, Howard and Fitzgerald,
accompanied by Mr. Kendall were
snt on to Santa Fe, to hold an in
interview with the Governor, to ex
plain the pacific objects of the expe
dition, obtain stores fur the trpoops
and permit to bring the merchandize
taken out by the traders within the
Two or three hours after these
gentlemen left the camp at Gallinas,
a note was receieed from Capt. Lew
is to the effect that the country was
in arms, but that they would proceed
on their journey to Santa Fe. They
where, however, seized shortly after
wards, (as Capt. Lewis stated) bound
and taken out to be shot, but that
their lives were spared through the
intercession of a ' Mexican officer,
took them to meet Governor Armrjo.
In the mean while the Governor had
despatched a force of several hundred
men to intercept the Texans. The
commander of these troops held sev
eral intervews with the Commission
ers, and endeavored to get the Tex
ians to by down their arms by assur
ing them of the friendly disposition
of the Governor and the inhabitants
This the Texians would net-do.
The Mexican officer undertook to
take care of the few remaining' hor
ses of the Texians, and supply the
men with food in order to allay alt
apprehensions of any hostile par
pose. His next step was to Cross'
the Gallinas with his mec with the
avowed object of camping the two
forces together as further proof of
friendship. This be did, but as he
drew near the Texian camp the dis
position of his lines left little doubt
of his belliggerent intention!. The
Texians were immediately got under
arms. About this time also another
party crossed the river, and forming
a junction with the first banished ev
ery lingering doubt of the objects of
the Mexicans, and an engagement
was on the eve of taking place when
Capt. Lewis and the nephew and
confidential secretary of the Govern
or made their appearance.
When Lewis and the Governor's
nephew came up, a parley was had
betweent them and the Texians, the
troops upon both sides maintaing
their buttle array. CabtLowis rep
resented the Governor as willing to
receive the Texians on condition that
they would lay down their arms in
conformity with a law of Mexico,
which'made it necessary for an arm
ed force entering the province to
give up their weappons before reach'
ing San Miguel. He represented
himself end the nephew and secreta
ry of the Governor as empowered to
stipulate for the surrender of the im
plements of war, and to negotiate fof
the safe conduct of the troops to the
frontier after they had complied with
this stiplation. The Governor had
empowered them to b'ml the authori
ties to label the property of each in
dividual, supply food for their march
home, and return to every man his
property. These representations
were confirmed by the nephew and
secretary of Governor Armijo, as
well as by Mexican officers, a number
of whom had joined in the parley.
The Commissioners hesitating to
confide in these representations, Capt
Iewis informedhim that the Governor
with a well appointed troop of 3,000"
men, was within 12 hours march and
if the Texians gained the battle, they
would soon be engaged with a more
formidable foe. The Commissioners
not yet satisfied, Capt. Lewis pleged
his honor,to the truth of all these state
ments, swearing upon his Masonic
faith, (both being Masons) to every
word of it.
Such being the circumstances of
the division, without food, jaded and
worn out by fatiguing marches, in
front of a force of some six hundred
men and expecting the arrival of
3,000 more, and being especially or
dered by the Texian government to
avoid hostilities if the people were
opposed to them, and not apprised
of the capture of the gentlemen dis
patched to Santa Fe, and not sus
pecting Lewis to be a traitor, the
Texians laid down their arms upon
the terms of surrender proposed.
Food was then furnished the troops,
and they were treated with some len
ity until the next day, when the
Governor arrived with about 1,500
men, a force sufficient to take him se
cure in his barbrity; we were seized
and bound six and eight together?
with hair ropes and thongs of raw
hide, and put in a filthy aheep-fold,
surrounded by a large armed guard-
The Mexican officers then excited
the Feons to the highest degree t(
phrenzy, by the accounts they gave
of the Texians, and we were preven
ted from being slaughtered by being:
huddled togeter in a small yard en
closed by a mud wall, and defended
by the regular troops. In this place.