Newspaper Page Text
AxncF.i.oTE of Da. Franel:::. The
doctor was walking one day in
Front street, in the city of Philadel
phia, at the dawn of our Revolution,
when he was thus accosted by a tar:
1j your name Den Franklin!' Yes.
Are jo'.i the man who invented the
sawdust pudding?' Yes, replied the
Doctor: Then,' said the s ailor, 'don't
give the receipt to make it to old ,
our merchant, or ho will feed all his
crews on it.'
The story of the 'sawdjst pudding,
as it was called, nrosa in this man
ner. The Doctor Uud conducted an
independent paper i.i Philadelphia,
which gave o!l nca to a class who
wanted to rule everybody in their
own way; and the heads of this par
ty, some fifteen or twenty, informed
the Doctor that they would frown him
down, unless ho would submit to the
curb. The Dact. proposed to explain,
r.nd fixed the lime at his house, where
the gentlemen were invited to dine.
Ile requested his lady t employ two ! V'.Uon, qnicknf ss, and an abject reve
pence in the purchase f a peck ofjrential f.ibh in the dogmas of hi
wheat bran, an J to :mke two pud
dings of it, ona for eai'. end nf i!ie ta
ble, as he was !o nave fifteen or
twety ft tends to c!:n with him. The
The eoiiip.wy met: the two pudJings
were served on the table without smv
other dishes; the compwy sit down,
nnj each fri-nd was served with his
sliee of pudding. Their curi.issty led
them to try it; they cxinvned each
other's countenance?, and at length
were satiated with the pudding.
Friend,' sii 1 the Doctor,' 'will you
be helped to mure?' 'No,1 they all re
plied. 'we hive had enough of your
pudding. I it what means this?'
'Why,' replied the Doctor, 'it means
to tell you that the two puddings cost
two pence, fifteen friends say
they h ive ha J i-;i t;;:'". Know, then,
ns long as Benj i.i. u T-anklin can sat
isfy fifteen fii.n Is wvth two pence,
he wi'l nsver srtrill :e the indepen
dence of his p ;-c: !'
Whiskej'. A m t remarkable re
duction has tikru l.ici in the de
mand for this a. tilo dining the past
twelve months. The demand was
muh rcdoci'd a year ago; but now it
is not half whir i' wis then. The
distillers, four r fi.e years sine",
wore running their w-'rks night and
day. pressed who e demand for
whiskey, and C'-r.-u ning rye and corn
in i:n:ii' ns3 qurmti it; at onetime,
four thousand live bundled bushels
d ;!y. Now the consumption is less
than two thousand bushels daily, and
is rapidly diminishing. There is on
hand here n stock of twelve thousand
barrels of whiskey, and such is the
decreased demand, that there is no
diminution of stock, notwithstanding
the great diminution of supply. The
distillers appear to be as much pleas
ed with the change, ns their fellow
citizens generally. Thv are now
reducing their won; as fist as possi
ble, so that for the next crop of coarse
grain we presume the demand in this
market. from the distilleries will not
exceed one f nrt'i of what it was at
the highest p.iM. The falling off
cannot he less ;! m a nii'lion of bush
els for the yea'. This change cannot
but have some e:'.H-t on the muket.
Yet on the o'her I and, 'he men who
for years b :!;. h.ivc been puzzling
whiskey, an I having their families
half starved, ui.l now cat bread and
meat and krep tiVir families well fed.
In a multitude of families this happy
change has a! road) t.iken place. The
nation will nt b? made poor bv the
revolution, b it a:';; business will not
be stagnated. I it stimulated by it.
No man is wcio-is and wasteful with
out causing iirtio :(;i-nhtef to society,
and no man is industrious nnd virtu
ous without addi.ig something to the
common aggregate of general wealth
ami happiness. Society does not
truly thrive upon the vi-.-es and dis
sipation of its members, but upon
their morality ml general good hab
its. Vice wit! be made a mother of
trade, as every tiling else is; but those
who make money by it, are likely to
contract its pollution, and so sink
with those whom they pamper or
rob. Virtue makes the man who
practices it, vigorous and comforta
ble, and generally gives him some
property. As the wealth of a nation
is the aggregate of its individual
wealth. so the business of a whole peo
ple .'J mens ire I bv the aggregate of
Its lau'l.irv. x nir miss ui uic wins-
Jcy business", therefore, will be a gain
to the general business and wealth ol
the country.--!''"'- of Com.
TlIE 11 '.'SSI an a'&iK,
ing is cx'ra:!ed from u feT-ture
livcred by .Mr. Dallas, late minister
to Russii. It ic!ures to the life li.'c!
charact3r of the Rusian serf. Of
them, there arc no less than forty
' million', twenty of whom belong to
ilie Emperor Nicholas:
"Imagine a h i rian being covered.
we car.not say clothed, in imaiessed
sheepskin the wool turned inward,
, - i , ,,, , , ,l
that which should be a coat resemb-
. . ii i
lin" a loose muni Having no conar. ;
anil a cape hippo J over by a piece of (
rope or other miteriuU, as- a belt
around the waist. His neck is un
covered, red, rough, and hard, his
leardlong, matted and coarse, his
moustache hanging down and cover
ing liis mouth. He wears a bell
shape cap of woollen stuff, trimmed
with dirty fur, and shoes either pieces
of hard wood scooped out, or a kind
of sock of pebled pliable- bark he
has hung nt his back a sort of axe or
hatchet, and his exterior is altogeth
er harsh, soiled or dirty, and repul
sive. A man thus characterised and habi
ted, sudden'y Appearing in our streets,
or in anv part of the country, would
awaken at once alarm and pity, as
some escaped wanderers from the
cells of lunacy or crime. lit, the
moral mrntal qualities of the Russi-
inn serf, there are mingled traits of!
good and evil. He is mild and amia
ble, but imbecile and servile. To
the pr.foundes ignorance and vilest
superstition, he unites a Chinese imi-
church.. He crosses himself at every
flash of lightning, nnd faces death
fearlessly under a priest promise of,
paradise. He endures without com
plaint the most frightful extreme of
physicial exposure nnd privation.
lie is content with a block of w:ood
or stone for a pillow, a p'ank for bis
couch and some black bread and on
ions for his daily meal. Like our
western savage he yields at every
opportun tv ta allurement! of intoxi
cating drinks. In the presence of
power he falls prostrate in the dust,
propiii iting safety or kindness from
his superiors, in the most disgusting
servilitv. Yet, notwithstanding the
rigor of bis destiny, he is utterly un
conscious that there exists happier or
lairer regions on the earth, he loves
his country with enthusiastic and on
bounded ardor, and when fighting his
batiles abroad he is almost a willing
victim to the enemy, in theconfiJen'
belief that after death, but before he
take final his flight to heaven, he is
sullered to visit lor three davs his
AxF.r.iciN follt. We have seen it
frequently stated in paragraphs and
in b.oks that Americans in Europe
are noted jt extravagance in dress,
and under pretentions of love of
show. If this be true it indicates a
most ridiculous vanity, to say nothing
of very bad taste. The Paris cor
respondent of the National Intelli
gencer in a late letter says, at a late
presentation of some Americans at
the French Court, one of them remind
ed bis majesty that he was an ac
qnaintance, and the King remarked
with a sly expression of his free.
"Why yes, 1 did not know you at
first, dressed up, but I shall always
be glad to see you in any costume."
Mr. Walsh goes on to say that he
has held, of late conversations with
a very intelligent American traveller,
who had surveyed, within the three
years past nearly all the communities
of Germany, and who testifies that
in general, there is considerably less
luxury and show, pretentions and
style, than in our United States, At
lantic and western cities.
There is unquestionably great room
for improvement, at home in these
To say that our habits of living and
dressing are extravagantly expensive
would be nothing to the purpose with
many because it is for that very rea
son that they indulge in them, or
seek to do so. It seems to be re
garded as the highest post of secial
rank to be able to spend money pro
fusely. Of course it will be done by
those who can aflbrd it, and will be
attempted by many who cannot af
ford it. Can good taste, true refine
ment, fitness and propriety, do noth
ing in the way of establishing a bet
ter standard? Simplicity, the most
charming of graces, in her union with
elegance requires no lavish adorn
ments, no gaudy decorations. It is
a vulgar ambition that aims at splen
dor, which indicates nothing but an
unmeaning glare, or a mere show to
strike the eye. Dayton Turns,
Absent Minded. A lady laid the
mop in the cradle, and wiped up the
floor with her baby. She discovered
,'icr mistake by its squalling when she
cam'c to wri"g lt-
The Baltimore American of the 15th
contains a dreadful accouut of the ex
plosion of the steam boat Medora on the 1 4 .
jnst The WM tfCW had just been
, 'rrnn khp
copleted, and a number oi persons were
' . . ,
;to,i in im m lir nn hpr .XDenmen-
tal trip. A great number of lives were
ost, and many severely.
Correspondence of the Louisville Journal.
. Cincinnati, April 18, 1842.
The news this ir.orninghas relation
to but little except the state of the
markets and the history of Congres
sional proceedings. With regard to
the former, the Philadelphia Gazette
says: "The state of the money
market has decidedly improved. A
little more courage, a little more ef
fort, a little more concert, and the
dangers will be passed, and the diffi
culties surmounted. The ability of
our merchants to meet the present
crisis, and their manly beaming, thus
far, has excited the administration of
people at a distance, who, only a few
months ago, made the misfortunes or
misdoings of certain institutions in
Philadelphia an cTion of sneering
at .he business of this city.
The Baltimore American has the
Specie. The Fredeiick Examiner
says that the banks of that city are
redeeming their obligations in specie,
and continue to icceive greatly more
of it than they pay out. We may
add that the bank of Baltimore free
ly pays specie on demand for their
issues, and that they also are receiv
ing more coin from depositors than
is paid our. The truth is, there is no
demand whatever for specie, exocpt
for the purposes of small change;
and many persons who have been
bearding coin for a considerable lime
past are now glad to be relieved from
the risk and anxic y connected with
it, by depositing it in bank. The
law of Maryland, authorizing the is
sue of small notes, works admirably
well, both lor the community and the
In the Senate of the United States
on the 13th inst., the loan bill was
Mr. Graham advocated the bill,
conlending that the exigency of the
Treasury should insure prompt and
speedy action on the bill.
Mr. Berrien followed, replying at
length to the objections urged a
ga'mst the bill on the other side.
The delate was continued by
Messrs. Mangum, .Sevier, Crittenden.
Linn, Kmg.rnd Wulkci; when trere
were cries of "adjourn, or question."
The question was then taken on
the passage of the bill, and decided
in the affirmative, as fullows: Yeas.
2J Nay si 8.
A few minutes before six o'clock,
the Senate adjourned.
In the House, among the memori
als presented, was one by Mr. Kerr,
of Maryland, from John If. Penning
ton, of Baltimore, stating that he had
invented a machine for navigating
the air; and, not having the means
of building it, he prajs the ai l of
Congress. He thinks it would be
useful to the Government, in the
event of a war, enabling those in
the machine to reconnuiter the ene
my. Mr. Williams of Maine, reported
resolutions of the Legislature of that
Slate, in which Congress is asked to
enact a law for the regulation of
elections, so that they may take place
in one day in all parts of the Union, j
Would not such a law be a great pre-i
vention of election frauds, which '
we have much reason to believe,
have been heretofore practised?
Slock continues to improve. On
the 12th inst., Indiana sterling bonds
advanced 1; Illinois, 1; Ohio, 6's, 1
Inland exchanges remain inactive;
Baltimore is at par a i discount; Vir
ginia, C; North Carolina, 51 a C;
Charleston! J a 2; New Orleans, CJ
a 71; St. Louis, 17 a 20; Cincinnatti,
The demand for Treasury notes
has partially subsided; they may now
be quoted at j a 21 per cent, discount.
Genesee flour at .$61. Nothing do
ing in grain.
The Whigs have elected their
Mayor in Jersey Citv by a majority
It is said that Mr. Barstow, of Sa
lem, will be appointed consul at Rio.
In the New York Legislatuie, the
bill to extend the exemption of house
hold furniture and working tools from
distress for rent or sales on execu
tion, has passed both houses; the value
of exempted irticles being 150 in
addition to existing exemptions, and
the law to take effect on the first of
In this city, flour (city mills) sells
at 4. From wagons, 3 78; canal,
$3 88. Corn meal, 37 cts.
We had a heavy and incessant rain
here yesterday, which, if extended
far, must create quite a rise in the
Appointment by the President.
BT AND WITH THE ADVICE AND CONSENT
OF THE SENATE.
Samuel Prentiss, Judge of the Dis
trict Court of the United States, or
the district of Vermont, in the place
of Elijah Paine, resigned.
John S. Maxwell, of New York,
Secretary of the legation of the
Uniied States to Russia, In the place
of John I Motley, resigned.
William A. Butler, of New York,
Consul of the United States for the
city of Grenada, in Central America.
New Orleans, April.
FLOUR. The market remains in
about the samo state as noticed in
our last Saturday's report, there hav
ing been very little animation in the
demand throughout the week, though,
in consequence ot moderate receipts,
and a considerable portion being for
re-shipment to the North, holders may
be said to evince rather more firm
ness, and it is only occasionally that
lots are bought from the Steam Boat
landing at $5, most oi the sales be
ing from store, and at $5 121 for su
perfine. The stock is somewhat re
duced, but there is still a very fair
supply on hand for this period of the
season. Arrived this week 1,148
obis. Cleared 9G52 bbls., viz: to
New Yoik 3237, Boston 3562. Mo
bile, &c. 317, foreign ports 2537
PORK. Tho Pork market is still
laboring undergreat depression, there
being none but a very limited de
mand for Plantation consumption,
Ship Stores, &c, and we have again
to reduce our figures for some des
criptions. Our quotations are now
as follows, viz: Clear 9 00, Mess,
$7 50 a $'7 75. M. O. 6 50 a $6 75,
Prime .$5 75 a G 00, P. O $1 75 a
5 00. These are the prices at pre
sent obtained by the regular commis
sion houses, according to quantity
nnd terms, but lots arc occasionally
forced by the owners at still lower
rates. Bulk Pork is exceedingly dull
at 2 a 21 cents per lb, and the tenden
cy is rather downward than other
wise. All descriptions are very
abundant, and the stocks are daily
increasing. Received this week,
70G3 bl Is. 325,080 pounds. Cleared
4039 bbls, viz: New York 1772.
Boston 1835, Mobile, &c. 302, For
eign ports 130 bbls.
BEC?. The receipts this season
fall materially sdiort of the corres
ponding period last year, but ow ing
to the extremely limited demand a
very ample stock ha gradually ac
cumulated, with a yielding of prices
for some time past. We have agiin
to quote a slight decline in the rate--for
Prime, which are now .$'5 75 a G
per bbl., Mess $10 a 10 50"per bbl.,
half bbls. do. .5 50 a 6. Arrived this
week 199 bbls. Cleared 123 bbl.
viz: to New York 53, Mobile, &c.
50. Cctie 20 bbls.
BACON. The market has a very
ample supply of all desci iptions, but
holders find it impossible to client !
sales to any condcraMe extent, ow-
ing to ihe very limited demand,' and j
even the small business transacting
is done at lower rates than our quota
tions of last week our figures are
reduced accordingly ami are for Hams
41 a 41, Sides 3 a 21, Shoulders 2 a
21c. per lb. The difficulty of effect
ing sales here induces considerable
shipments to other markets, on own
ers account. Arrived this week G15
casks and 7C.O00 lbs. Cleared 79G
casks, viz: to New York 483, Boston !
103. Mobile, &c. 101 casks.
LARD. There has been rather
more business done in this article
during the past week than for some
time previous, several considerable
parcels having been taken for the
North and for France. Tho market
a, the same time has exhibited no
animation or firmness on the con
trary the large stock and the desire
ol holders to e fleet sales, together
with the fact, that tiiere is none of
strictly prime quality, have reduced
prices to a still lower range, and we
now quote extremes at 31 a 45c. per
lb., most of the transactions having
been in qualities ranging from 4 a 41.
It is probable, however, that choice
parcels would still command 41 a 5c.
Arrived this week 284 bbls. and
9177 kegs. Cleared 14,147 kegs,
viz: to New Yoik 1798. Boston
4377, Mobile, &c. 55, Marseilles 7787
other foreign ports 130 kegs.
GRAIN. Some considerable par
cels of shelled Corn, in sacks, have
been taken for shipment to the North,
but the abundant supply has caused'
a further decline in prices. We now
quote at 34 a 3Gc. per bushel. Corn
in the ear 43 a 45c. per bb. Oats 30
a 34c. per bushel. Arrived this week
7474 bbls. Corn in tho ear, 4032
sacks do., 500 bbls Oats. Cleared
7888 sacks Corn, viz: to New York
31 16, Boston 3172, Mobile, Sec. GOO
Bagging & Balu Roce. Since the
considerable transactions noticed in
our last, further sales to a fair extent
have been made, and at prices equal
ly irregular nnd widely Tarrying.
The business is principally confined
to Western Bagging and "Rope and
the sales range from 141 a 16; and 6
a 7c. cash, nnd 17 a 19, and 71 a 81c.
on time. The highest prices were
paid for some lots for Mobile, on 8
to 9 months credit. India Bagging
has been sold at 16c. cash and 181c.
on time. In other descriptions there
is nothing doing, and our figures for
them are nominal. Arrived this
week 1827 pieces Bagging and 1229
"I'm a 6tfjtf-er,"as the sculptor said
when he was asked his business.
Fromthe N. O. Picayune of the 19th.
Important from Texas.
The schooner Virginia Antoinette ar
rived here yesterday from Vera Cruz.
By pGaengers on this vessel we have
been placed in possession of very re.
cent letters form Mr. Kendall. He
was still in the hospital, but was en
joying excellent health and spirits.
He rites to us in his usual good hu
mor. The Courier of last evening
gives the following summary of the
A letter from a respectable and
well informed : gentleman in Vera
Cruz, gives it as a current and gener
ally accredited report, that Santa
Anna had negotiated a loan with
Englishmen for several millions of
dollars, and had agreed to deliver the
Califor-aians into their hands, until
the money should be returned.
The yellow fever: carried ofF lour
or five daily.
Trade is represented as dull in
Vera Cruz. A condncta, with mon
ey from the inferior, was looked for
the 1 5th inst. , - -7;'-:
The captures I?teljrma0e my the
Texan vessels oft.-War Bad tended to
casta cloom over the j commerce of
Vera Cruz. t ; 5 -
General Tompsn htid arrived in
the Woodbury, bt, bad not landed
when the Virginia' Antoinette bad
Since the above was written, we
have conversed with an American
gentleman, who left the city of Mex
co on the Gih instant. He heard
there of the English loan to Sar.ta
Anna's government, but did not un
derstand that the California were to
begivenas security. He adds that
the public mind was in an unsettled
state in .Mexico there w;:s thought
to be a strong party opposed to San
ta Anna, and some people went so
faras to anticipate another revolution.
Rumors were also afloat that Santa
Anna would declare himself Empe
ror, and seize cn the property tf the
church, should tho clergy oppose
About 20.0.K) troopi wrre rst'm-r
IfJ in lhe r;,P't'-I 4 ,00 at Vera C:u?,j
anu con-i.ieraiiie unites were sr.hJ to
be in the northern department.
There was no talk of invading Ti x
as. The prisioncrs were still made
to work in chains. Two of th-m,
however, one by the nan.o of How
ard, lad escaped.
United States frigate, Macedonian,
sailed from Vera Cruzon the 9th inst,
to goofT Tnmpico. The sloop t f war
Warren sailed from Vera Cri.z on the
7 1I1 inst.
The government of Mexico has
renewed cn old decree, requiring all
strangers to have a pass about them,
which pass is to be presented at the
beginning of cvry year for re inspec
tion. A letter from General Bravo, da
ted at Chilpancingo, March 23, gives'
an account of the defeat of a band of
native Mexicans, or red men, who!
had taken up arms against the gov-!
It appears that the city of San
flirtipl llW rl-Ptl.'Ait 11'itK f.unn np.j I
r- , , ....
ucucrui .tiorazin, wnose ueieai, oy
General Carrera, two years ago, is
so vividly described by our tratcllePi
Dr. Rafael Gutierrez Martinez, and
some other Mexicans of note, were
on the 20th of March, assassinated 1,,:-,, . , i .1 it . .
. . . . . i 1 lino "ade, the House went into
in their bouses, by a band of lift v f .. r n .
. . . , ' J . ""''Committee. Mr. Thompson, ofln-
Clo sing cene ok Like. The last
t'wiua ui uai. .ruiicrisoil, v no UlCu-
just half a century after the- passage
i rnr t., . ...
of his immortal Declaration of Inde
pendence, were "I resign my soul to
God, and my daughter tomycountnj.n
The dying words of John Adams,
the same day, were still, before he
died, being roused by the firing of a
cannon, and told that his neighbors
were rejoicing for the 4th of July,
he exclaimed, is a glorious y',"
and expired with the words, "Inde
dendence forever " on his lips. Pres
ident Monroe died on the morn in r
of our National independence.
When the firing began at midnight,
he opened his eyes inspiringly, and
when the causo was communica
ted that ho understood what the oc
casion was, although speechless.
Gen. Harrison's dying words will
never beforgotten: " wish you to
understand the true, principles of the
government I with them carried out
I ask nothing more."Cinn. fop.
COXGBESSIOX A ANALYSIS.
Washington, April 14.
Senate. The President of the '
Senate laid before the Senate a mes
sage from the President of the U.
States, in further compliance with
the resolution of the 2d of February
last, requesting information in rela
tion to the demarcation ol the bounda
ry line between the United States
and the Republic of Texas.
Also a communication in compli
ance with the resolution of the 24th
of July last, calling upon the Presi
dent for the correspondence of any
diplomatic agent or minister of the
United States at the Court of Austria,
having reference to the commercial
interest of the United States.
House. The House commenced
its session at 1 1 o'clock.
Mr. Fillmore said that the Genera.
Appropriation Gill had been before
the House in Committee of the
Who'e since the Gih of February last,
now more than two mouths. He
hoped that the debate was now over.
He had wished that the bill might be
taken from the Committee without
a resolution of the kind he was a
houi tointroduce,buthe saw no proba
bility of this, and felt called upon, in
order that the House might act upon
other bills, to move to take this from
the committee on Saturday next at
1 2 o'clock. The Resolution was ac
Mr. Andrews of Ky. moved to
amend, and proposed that the Bill be
taken Irom the Committee lo-mox-row
Mr. Adams said that alter the re
marks w hich had been submitted yes.
terday in .'regard to the annextionof
Texas, he felt that some reply was
necessary. Opinions had been utter,
ed in this House, and gone forth to.
the country, which ought to be re-,
pi if d to.
The pievious question wa then,
moved, and the main question order
cd. The amendment of Mr. An
(hews w;: then rejected without a
'!::. The vns and n.ivs were-
' d Uir i pon t! e res.-hni. n of Mr..
ore, n::d btir.g ordered, the vote-
was 100 to 73.
So ti e House decided to take the
General Appropriation Bill from the
CWiuiitee of the whole, or that all'
del ate shall cease on Saturday at 12i
-Mr. FiHmoie then as!ed the House
to take up the bill from tho Senate
for the extension of the loan. Ob
jections were made.
The Previous Question was moved?
and seconed, and the main question
ordered. The vote was first taken upon the
amendment of Mr. Clifford, and it
was rejected, 101 to-82.
The amendment of the Senate
was concurred in without a count.
Ine Loan Bil', therefore, wants
j but iho. signature of the President to
become a law of the land.
Mr. Cushing, from tho Committee
oa Foreign Relations, wished also for
ihe adoption- of a resolution calling
iiitormaiion ia reference to the
tra.l nnd treaties
between the Uni
ted States and the British Provin
ces. Mr.. Fillmore moved that the
House resolve itself in Committee of
the Whole to take up the General
A nnrfmrintinn Itill IV.. Aki..fiAn.
1 Jianat was caicj
to the Chair, and
the debate oroeeedci!
Mr. Adams' comments upon the
subject of a war with Great Britain,
created more sensasion than is usuai
on such occasions. He deprecates
war as the greatest of eyils to our
own and all countries, and will resist
upon all grounds short of a sacrifice,
of national honor.
SENATE, April 15, 14
Mr. Walker, as a member of tho ju
diciary Committee, hoped the Sena
tor would press those instructions at
the earliest moment. He was anx
ious that the committee, to which
the subject had some time sine been
referred, .should be forced to reoprt
back the bill for the remission of that
Mr. Young remarked that a print
ed reported from the Secretary ol