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"OCR COUHTRT AND OCR COUNTRY WEAL.
BY HENDERSON & ADAMS.
BOWLING GREEN, PIKE CO., MISSOURI, SATURDAY, JULY 23, 1842.
VOL. I. NO. 38.
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From the Lnuell Offering.
ABBY'S YEAR AT LOWELL.
"Mr. Atkins, I say! husband, why
cant you speak? Do you hear what
"Anv thins worth hearing: was
the responsive question nf Mr. At
kins; and be Jaid down the New Hamp-
SpVctac!es7 with a look which seemed
to say, .that an event so uncommon
deserved particular attention.
"Why, she says lhat she means to
ca to Lowell, and work in the ficto-
"Well, wife. let Iter gv' and Mr.
Atkins took up th Patriot again.
"But I do not see how I can spare
her; the spring cleaning is not done,
nor the soap made, nor the biy's sum
mer clothes; and you say that you in
tend to board yourown men-fo!ks,and
keep two more cows than you d:d
last year, and Charley can scarcely
go alone, I do not see how I can get
along without her."
"But you s ty she doe not assist
you any about the house."
"Well, husband, she might."
"Yes, she might do a great many
things which she does not think of do
ing, and as I do not see that she means
to be useful here, we will let her go
to the factory."
"Father, are you in earnest? may I
go to Lowell?'' siid Abby, and she
raised her bright black eyes to her
father s with a look of exquisite de
light. "Yes, Abby, if you will promise
me one thing, and that is, that you
will stay a whole year without visit
ing us, excepting in case oi sicuness,
and that vou will stay b;it one year."
"I will promise any thing, father, if
you will only let me go, for I thought
you would iay I had better stay at
home, and pick rods, and weed the
garden, and drop corn, and rake hay,
and I do not want to do such work
T go with the Sla
y? for that is
..et for their re
turn. ' "'"
"Yes, Abby, if you will remember
that you are to stay a year, and only
Abbv retired to rest that night with
a heart nuiwnnz wun pinasu.c, .
: f ,ii Sla.pr rrirl.
r. .. 1 -
evci u o ; '
with new sundresses, ana mavanuu
bonnets trimmed w ith flowers, and
lace veils, and gauze handkerchiefs,
herhead had been filled with visions or
tine clothes: and she thought if she
eould onlv go where she could dress
tike them', she would be completely
happy. She was naturally very fond
of dress, and often while a little girl,
had she sat on the bank of the road
side, watchincr the slaze which daily
went by her father's retired dwelling;
and when she saw the cay ribbous
and smart shawls, which passed like a
bright phantom before her wandering
eyes, she had thought when older she
. . . -. a t 1.1.
would have such things; ana sne iook
ed forward to woman-hood as to t
state in which the chief pleasure must
consist in wearing fine clothes.
But as years passed over her, she ! about to be abandoned to herself, be
became aware lhat this was a source cause her parents despaired of bein
from which she could never derive
any enjoyment, while she remained
at home, for her father was neither
able nor willing to gratify her in this
respect, and she had began to fear
that she must always wear the same
brown cambric bonnet and the same
calico gown would always be her
"go to-meeting dress." And now
what a bright picture has been form
ed by her ardent and uncultivated
imagination! les, she would co to
C ' avj unv uuiu llv-- w ,
new Navarino bonnet, far more beau
tilul than Judith Slater's; and when
at last she fell asleep, it was to dream
of satin and laces, and her glowing
fancy revelled all night in a vast and
beautiful collection of milliner's fine-
But very different were ihe dreans
of Abby's mother, and when she a
woke the next morning, her first
words to her husband were, "Mr.
Atkins, was you serious last night
when you told Abbv that she might
o to Lowell! I thought at first you
were vexed because 1 interrupted you,
and said it to stop the conversation."
"Yes, wife, I was serious, and you
did not interrupt me, for I had been
listening to all that you and Abby
were saying. She is a wild thought
less girl, and I hardly know what to
do with her;, but perhaps it will be
as well to try an experiment, and let
her think and act for herself. I ex
pect that she will spend all her earn
ings in fine clothes, but after she has
done so. she may sae the folly of it;
and at all events, she will bo more
likely to un lerstund the value of mo-
nei &f lufo- she-haff'fef ''i.e?.
own way for one year, she may pos
sibly be willing to return home and
become a little more steady, and be
willing to devote her active energies
(for she is a very capable girl) to
household duties, for hitherto her ser
vices have been principally out of
doors; where she is now too old to
work. I am almost willing that she
should sec a little of the world, and
what is going on in it, and I hope lhat
if she receives no benefit she wiil at
least return to us uninjured.
"O, husband, I have many fears for
her," was the reply of Mrs. Atkins,
'she is so very giddy and thoughtless,
and the Slater girls are as hair-urain-ed
as herself, and will lead her on in
all sorts of folly, I wish that you
would tell her that she must stay at
"1 have made a promise," said Mr.
Atkins; "and will keep it; and Abby
I trust will keep Aer's."
Abby flew around in high spirits to
make the necessary preparations for
her departure, and her mother assist
ed her with a heavy heart.
ClI APTEIl II.
The evening before she left home
her father called her to him, and fix
in upon her a calm, earnest and al
most mournful look, he said, "Abby,
do you ever think?" Abby was sub
dued and almost awed by her father's
look and manner. There was some
thing unusual in it something in his
expression which was unexpected in
him, but which reminded her of her
teacher's look at the Sabbath School
when he was endeavored to impress
,w,., l,or mind some serious truth.
aV... father." she al length replied,
"I have thought a great deal lately
RntIdo not believe, my child,
that you have had one serious thought
,mnn the subject, and I fear that I
havfl done wrong in consenting to
... frr.m home. If I was too
iruB- , . ,
noorto maintain you here, and had
r-- . n nhollt which VOU
' .nJnmpnt about
UJ c...r-j ,, r..t I kU
IJ vnnrse I useiui, a.iwu.u
feel no self reproach, and would let
ou go trusting thai an m." j -
wen uu,..-" I
-n: nnvu i nave uuuo
-Fht at some luture time
pent of; and . you "
r - 0 r rrj wish iti
malm mi wreiiiirem j-- -
... . iw,.ir. milder and more
10 US llv,
moug.ii.u.. fl .j mnra ...
.. t..r..i r ."
That night Aooy -
. u- KiI i-verdone in her
ruy a..... word3, ren
lite Deiore. ,u ilini.
dersd more iiuy." - .
ana tone wiui ,...- na mnr.
livered, sunk into nern
hnn never ouus ,
new meaning, frne ieu
Lowell and earn all that she possibly care of me. I know that I have not
could, and spend those earnings in done as well as 1 might have done,
beautiful attire, she would have silk i but I will now, and when I return,
dresses, one of grass green, and an- they shall see that I am a better, mild
other of cherry red, and another upon er, and more thoughtful girl. And
the color she would decide when she the money which I intended to spend
purchased it, and she would have a in fine dresses shall be put into the
able to do any thins for her; thev
thought her too wild, reckless, and un
tameable, to be softened by aught but
the stern lessons of experience.
I will surprise them, said she to
herself; I will show them that I have
some reflection: and after I come
home, my father shall never ask me if
I llnnk. Yes, I know what their
(ears are, and I will let them sse that
I can take care of myself, and as
twu t,ai C CI
good care ns they have ever taken
bank; I will save it all, and my father
shall see that I can earn money and
take care of it too. O how different
I will be from what they think I am;
and how very glad it will make my
father and mother to sec that I am
not so very bad, after all.
New feelings and new ideas had
begotton new resolutions, and Abby's
dreams that night were of smiles from
her mother, and word from her fath
er, such as she h id never received
When she bade them farewell the
next morning, she said nothing of the
change which had taken place in her
views and feelings, for she felt a slight
degree of self distrust in her own
firmness of purpose.
Abby's alf distrust was commenda
ble and auspicious, but she had a very
prominent development in lhat part
of the head where phrenologists lo
cate the organ of firmness, and when
she had once determined upon a thing,
she usually went through with it.
She had now resolved to pursue a
course entirel v different from the one
she had first marked for herself. This
SFJng p'ftpVrFit'y, io? flfcount of l.ejr
which was freely gratified" j her
companions. But when Judith Slater
pressed her to purchase this beautiful
piece of silk, or that splendid piece
of muslin, her constant reply was.
'No, I have determineded not to buy
any such things, arid I will keep my
Before she cams to Lowell, she
wondered in her simplicity, how peo
pie could live where there were so
manv stores, and not spend all their
money ; and it now required all her
firmness to resist being overcome by
the tempting display of beauties
which met her eyes whenever she
promenaded the illuminated streets.
It was hard to walk bv the milliners
shops with an unwavering step, and
when she came to the ccnieciioners
she could not help stopping. But she
did not yield to the temptation, she
lid not spend her money in mem
When she saw fine strawberries, she
said io herself, "I can gather them in
our own pasture next year;" when
she looked upon the nice peaches,
:herries, and plums, which stood in
templing array behind meir crystal
barriers, she said again, "i win ao
without t hem this summer," and
when apples, pears and nuts were ol
fered to her for sale, she thought she
would eat none of them till she went
home. But she felt that the only sale
place for her earnings was the sav-
ncs bank, and there mey were regu
larly deposited, that it might be out
of hemowerto indulge in momenta
ry whims. She gratified no feeling
hut a new v awakened desire lor men
tal improvement, and spent her lei-
sure house in reading useiui oooks.
. a-' 1
Abbv's vear was one of perpetual
self-contest and self denial, but it was
hv no means, one of unmittigated
miprv. The ruling desire of years
wag not to be conquered oy tne reso
j ... -
lutinn of a moment, but when ihe
contest was over, there was to her.
triumph of victory. If the battle
was sometimes desperate, there was
more merit in being conqueror.
One Sabbath was spent in tears, be
cause Judith Slater did not wish her
tr attend their meetine with such a
dowdv bonnet, nnd another fellow-
boarder thought her gown must have
been made in 'the year one.' The
color mounted to her cheeks, and the
lightning flashed from her eyes, when
asked if she had just come down;
and she felt as though she should be
find to be away from them all, when
she heard their sly inuendoes about
rmh whackers.' Still she remained
unshaken. It is but Tor a year, said
she to herself, and the time and mo
ney my father thought I should spend
in folly, shall be devoted to a better
At the close of a pleasant April
day, Mr. Atkins sat at his kitchen fire
side with Charley upon his knees.
"Wife," said he to Mrs. Atkins, who
was busily preparing the evening
meal, "is it not a year since Abby
"Why, husband; let me think; I al
ways clean up the house thoroughly
just before fast day, and I had done
it when Abby went away. 1 remem
ber speaking to her about it, and tell
ing her it was wrong to leave me at
such a busy time, and she said,
"Mother 1 will be at home to do it all
next vear. Yes, it is a year, and I
should not be surprised if she should
come this week."
"Perhaps she will not come at all,"
said Mr. Atkins with a gloomy look,
"he has written us but few letters,
and they have been very short and
unsatisfactory. I suppose she has
snse enouh to know that no news
is better than bad news, and having
nothing pleasant to tell about herself,
she thinks she will tell us nothing at
all. But if I ever get her home a
gain, 1 will keep her here. I assure
you, her first year in Lowell shall al
so be her last.
"Husband, 1 told you my fears, and
if you had set up your authority,
Abby would have been obliged to
stay at home, but perhaps she is doing
pretty well. You know she is not
accustomed to writing, and that may
account for the few and short letters
we have received, but they have all
even the shortest, contained the as
surance that she would be home at
the close of the year."
"I'a the stag's has stopped here,"
said I i t tic Charley, and ho bounded
from his father's knee. The next
moment the room rang with the shout
Abby has come! Abby has come!"
In a few moments more, she was in
the midst of the joyful throng. Her
father pressed her hand in silence,
clamorous with delight, all but little
Charley, t whom Ahby was a stran
ger, and who repelled wun terror an
her overtures for a better acquain
tance. Her parents gazed upon her
with speechless pleasure, for they felt
that a change Ur the better had la
ken place in their once wayward u'ul
Yes, there stood before them, a little
taller and a little thinner, and wuen
he flush of emotion had faded away,
perhaps a little paler; but her eyes
were bright in their joyou? radiance,
nnd then the smile of health and in-
noclnce was plaving around her rosy
ins. Sho carefully laid aside her
new straw nonnet, wr.n us piain
trimming of light blue ribbon, nnd her
dark merino dress showed to the best
advantage her neat and symmetrical
form. There was more delicacy of
personal appearance than when she
eft them, and also more soilness oil
manner, lor constant collision wun
so manv females had worn off the lit
tle asperities which had marked her
conduct while at home.
"Well, Abbv, how many silk gowns
have you got?" said her father, as she
opened a large new trunk. "Not one,
father." said she: and sne nxeo ner
dark eyes upon him with an expres
sion which told all. "liut here are
some little books for the children,
and a new calico dress for mother;
and here is a nice black silk handker
chief for you to wear around your
neck on Sunday; accept it, dear fath
er, for it is your daughter's first gift."
"You had better have brought me
a pair of spectacles, for I nm sura I
rannot see any thing." There were
tears in tha rough farmer s eyes, but
he fekrned to laugh and joke that they
mioht not be perceived. "But what
did vou with all your money."
"I thought you had better leave it
there," said Abby, and she placed her
bank book in her father's hand. Mr.
Atkins looked a moment, nnd the
forced smile faded away. The sur
had been too cieat, and tears
Wl fast from the father's eyes.
It is but a little," said Abby. "But
it was all you could save," replid her
father, "and I am proud of you, Ab
bv, yes, proud that I am the father of
ooh a rrirl. It is not this paltry sum
which pleases me so much, but the
nrndence. self command, and real af
fection for us, which you have dis
r.lnvpd. But was it not sometimes
hard to resist temptation."
"Yes. father, vou can never know
how hard; but it was the thought of
thit night which sustained me through
it all: I knew how you would smile
nd what mv mother would say and
feel: and thoush there have been
moments, yes, hours, that hare seen
me wretched enough, yet this one
evening will repay for all. There is
but one thing now to mar my happi
ness, and that is the thought that this
little fellow has quite forgotten me,"
and she drew Charley to her side.
But the picture book had already
effected wonders, and in a few mo
ments he was" in her lap with his
arms around her neck, and his mo
ther could not pursuade him to retire
that night until he had given "sister
Abby" a hundred kisses.
"r alher," said Abby, as she arose
to retire, when the tall clock struck
eleven, "may I not sometimes go back
to Lowell? 1 should like to add a
little to the sum in the bank, and I
should be glad of one silk gown.
"Yes, Abby, you may do any tlung
you wish, l snail never again oe
afrid to let vou spend a year in Low
ell. veto message:.
To the House of Representatives :
I return the bill which ongnated
in the House of Representatives en-j
tilled, "An act to extend for a limi
ted period the present laws for laying
and collecting duties oa imports,"
with the following objections:
It suspends, in other words abro
gates for the time, the provision of,
the act of 1833, commonly called the j
Compromise Act. The only ground
on which this departure from the sol- surely re-establish the public credit,
emn adjustment of a great and agitat- will "secure to the manufacturer all
ing question, seems to have been re-the proctection he ought to desire,
garded as expedient, is the alleged i with every prospect of permanence
necessity of establishing by legisla-J and stability which the hearty acqui
tive enactment rules and regulations escence of the whole country, in a
for assessing the duties to be levied
on imports after the 30th June ac
cording to the home valuation; and
yet the bill expressly provides that "if,
before the hrst ol August, there be no
further legislation upon the subject,
the laws for laying and collecting du
ties shall be the same as though this act
had not been passed. In other words
the act of 1833, imperfect as it is
under such rules and regulations as
previous statutes had prescribed, or
had enabled the Dxective Department
to prescribe for lhat purpose leav
ing the supposed chasm in the reve
nue laws just as it was before.
I am certainly far from being dis
posed to deny that additional legisla
tion upon the subject is very desira
ble. On the contrary, the necessity,
as well as difficulty, of establishing
uniformity in the appraisements to be
made in conformity with the true in
tention of that act, was brought to
the notice of Congress in my Missage
to Congress at the opening of its
present session. But, however sen
sible I may be of the embarrassments
to which the Executive, in ab
sence of all aid from the superior wis
dom of the Legislature, will be liable,
in the enforcement of the existing
aws, I have not, with the sincerestj
wish to acquesce in its expressed will,
been able to pursuade myself that the
exigency of ihe occasion is so great
as to justfy me in signing the bill in
question, with my present views of
its character and ellects. Ihe exist-
ng laws, as I am advised, are suffi
cient to authorize and enable the col
lecting officers, under the directions
of the Secretary ot the I reasury, to
evy the duties imposed by the act
That act was passed under peculiar
circumstances to which it is not ne
cessary that I should do more than
barely allude. Whatever may be in
theory, its character 1 have always
regarded as imposing the highest
moral obligation. It has now exist
ed for nine years unchanged in any
essential particular, with as general
acquiescence, it is believed, of the
whole country, ns that country has
ever manifested for any of her w ise
ly established institutions. It has en
sured to it the reposo which always
flows from truly wise and moderate
councils a repose the more striking
because of the long and angry agita
tions which preceded it. This salu
tary law proclaims in express terms
the principles which while it led to
the abandonment of a scheme of indi
rect taxntion founded on a false basis
and pushed to dangerous excess, jus
tifies any enlargement ot duties that
may be called for by the real exigen
cies of the public service. It provides
"that duties shall be laid for the pur
pose of raising such revenues as may
be necessary to an economical ad
ministration of the Government." It
is, therefore, in the power Congress
to lav duties s his h as its discretion
may dictate, for tha necessary uses of
the Government, without intring ng
upon the objects of the act of 1833.
I do not doubt that the necessities of
the Government do require an in
crease of the tariff of duties above 20
per cent., and 1 as little doubt but
that above as well as below that rate
Congress may so discrim inate, as to
give incidental protection to manu
facturing industry thus to make the
burdens which it is compelled to im
pose upon the people for the purposes
ofGovernment, productive of a dou
ble benefit. This, most of the rea
sonable opponents of protective du
ties seem willing to concede, and if
we may judge from the manifesta
tions of public opinion in all quarters,
this is all that the manufucturing in
terests really require. I am happy in
the persuasion, that this double object
can be most easily and effectually ac
complished at the present juncture,
without any departure from the spir
it and principle of the statute in ques
tion. The manufacturing classes
have now an opportunity, which may
never occtr ,again, ol permanently
identifying their interests with those
of the whole country, and making
them, in the highest sense of the term,
a national concern. The moment is
propritious to the interests of the
whole country in the introduction ot
harmony among all its parts
its several interests. The same rate
of imposts and no more as will most
reasonable svstem, can hold out to
But of this universal acquiescence
and the harmony and confidence and
the many other benefits that will cer
tainly result from it, I regard the sus
pension of ihe law for distributing the
proceeds of ihe public lands as an in
dispensable condition. This rnea-
sure is m my
fy,' onhe'people of the U. States, by
the state of the public credit and
finances, by the critical posture of our
various foreign relations, and above
all, by that most sacred of all duties,
public faith. The act of September
last, which provides for the distribu
tion, couples it inseparable with the
condition that it shall cease 1st. In
case of war; 2d. As soon and so long
as the rate of duties shall, for any rea
son whatever, be raised above 2C per
cent. Nothing can be more clear,
express or imperative than this lan
guage. It is in vain to allege that a
deficit in the Treasury was known to
exist, and means taken so supply it by
loan when the act was passed. It is
true that n loan was authorized at the
same session during which the Distri
bution law was passed, but the most
sansuine of the friends of the two
measures entertained no doul t but
that the loan would be eagerly taken
up by capitalists, and speedily reim
bursed by a country destined, as they
hoped, soon to enjoy an overflowing
prosperity. The very terms of the
loan making it redeemable tn three
years, demonstrate this beyond all ca
vil. Who at that time foresaw or
imagined the possibility of the actual -state
of things, when a nation that
has paid odher whole debt since the
last peace, while all the other great
powers have been increasing theirs,
nnd whose resources, already so great
are yet but in the infancy of their de
velopcment, should be compelled to
haggle in ihe money market for a pal
try sum, not equal to one year' reve-
I nue on her economical system? If
the Distribution law is to be indefi
nitely suspended, according not only
to its own terms, but by universal
consent, in case of war, wherein are
the actual exigencies of the country,
or the moral obligation to provide for
them, less under present circumstan
ces than thsy could be were we actu
ally involved in war ? It appears to
me to he the indispensable duty of all
concerned in the administration of
public affairs, to sea that a state of
things so humiliating and so perilious
should not last a moment longer than
is absolutely unavoidable. Much
less excusable should we be in part
ing with any portion of our available
means, at least, until the demands of
the treasury were fully supplied. But
besides the urgency of such conside
rations, the fact is undeniable that
the Distribution act could not have
become a law without the guaranty
in the provi.-o of the act itself.
This connection, thus mesftt to b
inseparable, is severed fey ths bill pre
sented to me. The b;'ii violates the
principle of the act of 1833, and
September 1841, by suspending tha