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BV I. ADAMS.
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The Young Slodier of 1TJ6.
A TALE OF THE REVOLUTION.
Among the youthful, bnt lo!d find
Tearless asserters of American rights,
during this period, (the American
devolution.) was a young man (or
rather we should call him boy,) by
the mine of Arihur Stewart. He
bad entered the army of the Revolu
tion at the early age of 15. He was
horn and reared in the good old Hay
State, (-i State worthy to claim such
t bny). He had manifested, very ear
ly in life, a fearless and warlike dis
position. He accordingly joined n
company of volunteers, during the
disastrous peri od of 1775 77, nnd
was during a greater part of the Rev
olutionary war, a soldier of that t!i
vison of the American armv. which
was under the command of General
Putnam. Captiin Wetherby com
manded the company to which he bo
locgei. TJ Captain well under
stood the warlike merits of the strip
ling; but lie was not personally
known to General Putnam, as in
deed it would have been mere luck
s nd chance if he bad bern. He had
already signalized himself in one or
two ha.d fought battles, and but for
hi extreme youth, would at the time,
of which we arc about to speak, have
been promoted ti the rank of ensigu
or lieutenant. The incidents of the
following story occurred just upon
the eve of the battle
The British armv was lying en
camped within less than two miles c.f
the Americans. lhe two nrmies nau
been watching each other's move
ments for several days, without com
ing to a general engagement. At
length, on the eve of the 22d of ,
the Americans and British were mak
ing the necessary preparations for the
night's rest, expecting on the morrow
to try the precarious fortunes of a
general fight. The Captains of the
several American companies were
busily employed in choosing senti
nels, who were to stand guard durint
the ninht. Captain Wetherby bad
already selected from bis ow n compa
ny, (we think by lot.) all bis quota of
..on exeent one. He was anxiously
nnred in makin? the full number,
nc mnd fortune or bad would
fiat if. we don't know which) len
eral Putnam passed that way. As
ii. ..-.iM.l0i- the Contain was in
vie ejpi ui-u-7 i
the net of calling from the ranks Ar
thur Stewart, a beardless boy, act
ifiA atari if cpn tinel thatnicht. The
General, with mingled emotions
surprise nd contempt, steps up to
CSn.otn anl -LinT hiirt a lltllC
A .-... iir.-ntain Weatherby.wnal
ilthamMninonftllis! Are 0U 30
thourmtlesi nnd imnrudent as to 1
this stripling for a sentinel? a boy
who has just left his leading strings, to
discharge the responsible duties of the
soldier! You know that the British
army is almost within musket shot of
the American lines! Are we not in
imminent danger of being surprised
this niaht in our camp, or at least ol
having British spies sent here to re-p-ormoitre
us in our sleep? I beg you
. look a little to this."
" . our fears are entirely groundless,
said Captain Weatherby;"I know i7 This if we mistake not, would
the boy; I wouM be willing to sleep have formed a fine subject for a rain
under the very puns of a British fort ( ier's pencil.
wiih Arthur Stewart fora sentinel:
1 here's not another soldier in my!
company that I would choose sooner
thi.n 1 would him, either for a senti-
nel or any thin? else. warrant you
he mil do good service to-night.
U.) as you please, lien, saul the
r I. it ! ....
general : "i nave commence in vou; !
nnd be turned up his heel, nr.d left
he Captatn. It so happened that
i ns conversation, though intended to
he carried on one side, was over-
"Card ly the
We don't know how
''V Sle w;r!.
it ia, but there i an unaccountable
sensibility in the oran of hearing,
when we suspect we ourselves are
the subject of remark, especially ani
"77 come vp rrith you for this, old
General,'1 said Stewert, as be listen
ed with breathless anxiety and anger
lo hear what was coming next.
You'll find I'm not the cabbage stump
you take me to be,'' muttered Arthur
U himself, l is eyes all the while
snapped with scorn nnd fury. Tm
a boy it is true, but old Put,may know
before he dies that boy's don't always
wot k at boy's play."
Stewart had taken his post as sen
tinel during the former p trt of the
night. It so happened tli:it General
l'utai in had occasion during th'n pe
riod to pass outside the lines. C:i his
way out he tlil not encounter Arihur
Stewart, but another sentinel, who.
ascertaining it wathe ocneral, t im
mediately allowed him to pass. Af
ter being absent a slioit time be made
towards the lines, as though he inten
ded to return. In coining he unfortu
nately encountered Arthur Stewart.
"Who goes there!'' says the sen
tinel. 'Gt-n'l Putnam," was the reply.
'We know no General Putnam
here," says the sentinel.
"Bull" am General Putnam," by
this time growing somewhat earnest,
"love me the countersign,
It so happened that the officers of
the army bad only a day or two pre
vious adopted a new counteisigu, &
the General hid some what unaccoun
tai ly forgot what it was or at least
could not, at this moment of bis ex
tremity-, call it to mind. "I have lor-
gotir n i'," was the reply.
I bis is a pretty story trom tne nps
.f Genera' Putnam. 1 ou are a Brit
ish officer sent over here a a spy,
returned Stewart, well knowing who
l.c was, for the moon was shining in
her full strength, and revealed to l.iin
the features of General Putnam; out
be held the stalf in his band and lie
meant to use it.
"I warrant you that I am not, said
the General, and he mad? a motion as
though be would pass on.
"lVs that bne and you ore a aeaa
man," utterea niewari, ai um mmc
time cocking Ins ' 4,SP where
vou are. or I w ill make vou top,f aid
the sentinel. The General disregard
ed him ns before.
Hastily drawing up Ins gun and tak-
- i i i M:n.
ing a somewhat oemieraw ut', nc
snapped: but the gun, Irom some un
accountable reason or other, refused
to dicharge its contents.
"Meld! bold!" said tne uencrai.
' do hold," says Stewart. -The
gun holds Us charge belter man i
meant to hav it, immeuiiiiciy .n
miner bit min for anothei rencounter.
uVruinr not rr'unin2 that cun for
me?" said lhe General.
"That depends entirely on circum
stances; I warn you once more not
to prss those lines."
"But I am vour General," said Put-
"I deny it unless you give me
irn." said the voung man
"Here the General was baulked
He strove with all his migtilio recan
hawmd hut in vain.
"Bov." said he,"do you know me?
I am General 1'utnam.
"A Bri:Uh officer more like; if you
r:nr.-l Putnam, as you say, why
don't you give the countersign? So
. I'm mv mother's son, if you
attempt to pass the lines without giv
ing me the countersign, , ....
nf Villi. I'm a sentinel.
my dot v, though there be some people
S lhe world marvellously inclined to
AtSA'he General, finding further
parly useless, df sUt boy
verr deliberately nuu.u....e, Bj
began with a great deal of assumed
hhti- pace 15;-
eralPutnam, the hero of a hundred'
PIKE COCA'TV, MISSOURI, SATURDAY, JULY 1, 1843.
battles, kept at bav bv a striolins ol i
Cenerol Putnam fmrlinr that
burning proof of j,,) durst , foT his
jfe proceed a step fur'.her. He waited
ntil S,ewart W3- relievedf who find.
ing Umt he Wng jn , General Put-
'nam, allowed him to nass with.., ihr.!
ing. wererribYv excited. He
jin ,,;s -wM s-, ,, ,he .
a tne funeral s led-
done nothing but bis duty; still he
felt be bad been most egregiouslv in
sulted. Had Stewart permitted him
to pnss without the Connlripn. and
he bad proved to be n British rfficer,
the boy, according lo the rules of war,
would have been shot for his pains.
This was the manner in which Gen
eral Putnam's intellect reasoned, but
his feelings by no means coincided
with bis reason.
It's a terrible warfare when a man's
feelings thus come to an open rupture
with bis sound judgment, and such
cases are by no means rare.
General Putnam threatened, on re
turning to bis quarters, to severely
punish the bo ! but after a night's
rest over the subject, he felt some
what differently about it. A sense
of honor and justice returned, an,
calling the boy to him on the morrow
fou are the young man who stood
sentinel at ," naming the place.
'I was, replied Stewart.
"Did you know the man who en
countered you there last night!"
'I suspected who it might be," re
turned the hoy.
'Why did you not let him pass!"
"I should bav forfeited the char
acter of a sontinel had 1 done it,"
said the boy.
"That's right," said the general:
"y JU did just ns I would have done
myscu nan i neen in your place, v. p
have nothing to fear from the Bri'.ish
or any olher enemy, with such yenti
neis as vou are: and lakini? a i.ipre i,
l-,Yf . l.
b3VSgold from bis pocket, and presented it
I to the boy, at the same tuv.e charging
bun never to forfeit ti.e character
which be had already ncquired.
Shortly after be was promoted to the
rank of ensign.
from the Star in the
Of all the numerous sins which are
rolled as a sweet morsel on the
tongue,' we deem that of profaiify
lhe most inexcusable, because the
most usele is. Prof.inity will neither
ferd the hungry, give di ink to the
thirsty, nor clothe tho naked; it will
neither rjive pleasure to the mind nor
peace U the soul; it will neither gain
friends, nor destroy enemies; it will
neither remove our trobules nor les
senourafTlictions;ii is neither a mark
of fentility or politeness. It is bad
in prosperity, and worse in adversity;
it is tingentlemanly in mirth, nnd ir
reverent, nnd extremely sinful, in sor
row: and at nil times, on all occa
sions nd in all circumstances, is a
sin nnd an evil of no small magnitude.
And yet how many indulge in it!
How often in anger, in jest, in com
mon conversation, from the old, the
middle aged, the young; and even
from little children, do we hear that
name uttered which should never be
spoken but wiih the profoundest rev
erence and deepest humility! Often
as we have walked t!ie streets have
we been made to shudder, by hearing
little children irreverently lisping the
names of that kind nnd merciful be
ing to whom we are indebted for life
and all its attendant blessings. And
we have thought how dreadful will
be the day of retribution to those pa
rents, who by their example teach
their children to swear. One wrong
and sinful practice naturally leads to
another; nnd when children are
taught by the example of their pa
rents to have no moro love to God,
and reverence of bis holy name than
wontonly to take it in vain, we may
not expect that His laws or the Inws
of man will have sufficient influence
upon their minds, to keep them from
the commission of other and greater
crimes. Many a poor wretch, who
has forfeited his life by sinful practi
ces, and many who for their crimes
are now dragging out a miserable ex
istence in the penitentiary, might
have been, nnd doubtless would have
been useful and respectable members
of society, had not their parents by
their example taught them to profane
the name of the Most High and Ho
ly One. Oh! that profane parents
would pause and consider the blight-
ing. withering, pernicious
their example has unon the
rising gener;"ion! Would to God
they co-j'id be made to realize the a
mount of sin and misery, wretched-
ness, shame and discrace they are the
means of causing by indulging in this
useless and sinful habit. 1 know it is
often said by the swearer, that -he
means no harm.;" '-it is only a habit;'
b is the effect any the less perni
cious? Is the less harm done, on ac
count of his meaning no harm?
Would a 'man, flinging about fire
brands, arrows nnd death,' cause any
the less mischief by saying, 'am not I
in sport?' Whether the sweater
rr.eanL-;m or rot, one thing is cer
tain, beean mean no good; and in
asmuch ns he knows that no good, but
much evil will result from his indul
gence in this vice, he is bound to re
frain from it altogether, and is justly
chargeable with all the wickedness
which be occasions, if be does not!
We sometimes hear it asserted,
that the avowed believers in a world's
salvation swear! My brethren can
ibis be true? What! persons profes
sing to believe that God is their Fath
er, thier greatest, best, and Kindest
Friend, guilty of taller, 3 Holv
name in vain!
fessing to believe that all mankind are
brethren; sharers alike in the love
and fi vor of God, and destined alike
to u glorious immortality beyond the
tomb, acting so inconsistent with
their profession, ai Vo call down cur
ses on the heads oi those whom they
profess to believe that God will bless!
Oh! what inconsistency! what bypo
chrisy! what wickedness! Dear read
er, are yon in the habit of using pro
fane language? If so, pause and con
sider the evil you are causing in the
world, nd oh, may you for your own
sake, for your children's sake, and
for h amanity's sake, abandon it. But
if Vou will not do this, do not, mv
i brother, oh! I entreat you do not add
to yourguilt by f.dsely professing to
be what vou are not a Universa
lis!. Bnlm of Gileai.
Extract from the IonJon Corres
pondence of the Journal of Com
merce, dated May 3d:
"The iron trade is the most depress
ed at the present time, and appears
to be getting worse and worse daily
In 1839 the exports n iron, steel,
copper, and brass, to the United
States, amounted to 1,227.808, be
sides cutlery lo the sum of 849,640
making in all 2,077,448. INow the
exports are too paltry even for ex
tract. Ul 111 lurnaces 53 are now
i blown out, and
have been cold for
twelve months. Lvery month add
another to their number, nnd, as if
troubles are not to come singly, Swe
den has just agreed to reduce her du
tie on the exports of iron ore and
"The trade circulars however, that
have been issued during the week
relative lo the cotton manufactures.
are of a favorable character, and
speak well for the demand for labor
in the 1-incashire districts, bvery
day business appears to become more
brisk and encouraging, and has every
appearance of continuing permanent.
This is highly gratifying, particularly
ns the demand appears to come from
the home trade, which shows areviv
al of means of expenditure among the
middling and lower classes.
"The announcement of Mr. Lane
Fox, for pulling an end to the repeal
agitation, by prosecutions, or a new
enactment ol a law tor that purpose,
has created quite a ferment in Ire
land, and armed Mr. O'Connell with
renewed powers. It is stated that
he Intends to defy the order of a call
of the House, and will allow himself
to be captured by the sergent at arms,
and then, when brought to the bar,
will lay the whole question of the
neglect of Ireland, by the Imperial
parliament, beiore the House. II this
should be his resolve, it would prove
a new and a bold move.
"The all important measure, which
is to allow the importation ot wheat,
and western flour, at a duty of three
hillings, from the United Slates into
Canada, and from the Colony into the
mother country, is now definitely put
down for discussion, on the 15th inst.
Some papers have been printed in
connection with this subject, and laid
upon the table of the House of Com
mons, from which a strong case is
made out in favor of the intentions
of the government. The opposition
to the bill will not, I am disposed to
think, ha a mere point, because the
more ultra county members really do
believe that it is likely to be most
dangerous to them as landlords, and
jto their farming constituencies.
"I cannot refrain from calling your
attention to the following extract
from the report of the special com
mittee of the Canadian Legislature.
"One of the most striking advan
tages which this measure confers up
on the Canadian grower is, that al
ihdiigh tie cannot, for reasons already
assigned, successfully compete Vilh
the c rower in England, still he will
realise the full benefit of the home
market, as well as that of British
North America, from which he has
hitherto, uuder the existing system
been too successfully excluded by
his more fortunate rival the Ameri
can grower. The protection which
will be afforded by the proposed duty
will ensure to the Canadian grower
a higher price for his products, and
induce the investment of capital for
agricultural purposes in this province
in preference to the United States.
It will also preserve our carrying
trade, by securing the transportation
through Canada w hen prices are high
in England, when otherwise it would
be directed through the Erie Canal."
"The Anti Corn Law League will
hold their last meeting this evening
at the largest theatre, DrtKy Lane,
which the metrcp-.rii can boast ot.
The government official, the Lord
Chamberlain, has intimated to the
lessee, and to the managing commit
tee of the theatre, that the royal pat
ent'to enact plays,' will be with-,
drawn if the houe should continue
to be devoted to the League meeting. ' rnntera looK.ng up: wen, as aoui
This Uverv mean and paltry conduct s'" s;,ys n 0,16 .f hls incomparable
on the part of the government, and essays, 'that Eentiment can pass.
will only operate to augment lhe zeal
of the leaders of the League, and the'
subscriptions of its friends nnd
porters. Mr. Cohden is nut a man;
to be foiled, for if, by any accident, Jonnson ana tne philosophic projunm
i - i . . ii: i i ; tv of 9 wlnn the withering nr-
he is made to stumble even, he is sure
to stumble foward. 'Onward is ap
parently his motto, and 'retreat is a
word not to be found in his vocabula
ry, i his paltry manoeuvre, there
fore, to annoy the League, and to
prevent its progressive exhibitions
and assemblies, in London, will, I
have no doubt, be turned, like Sir
Robert Peel's infamous accusation
against Mr. Cobden in the House of
Commons, to good account. I should
not be surprised if it did become the
means by which money may be rais
ed, by subscription, to erect a vast
b ree I rade Hall in town, worthy
alike of so desirable an object, and
the indignant resolves of three mill
ions of duly registered leaguers.
The tickets for the meeting this even
ing are selling at a high premium,
and I am sure that the newspapers
will tell you tomorrow morning,
thousand have been disappointed in
not being able to gain admission.
The other patent theatre, Covent
Garden, has nlso been refused to the
Council of the league, though the
house is closed for dramatic perform-
ances. having failed as a theatrical
snernlntion this season, and the bun-'
dred and fifty pounds weekly, offered!: ci'y in lho Union. Crescent
bv the League, must have been mostj'-
acceptable to the impoverished
shareholders. The league have ad
vertised a meeting at a large minor
theatre, the Victoria, on the Surrv
side of the Thames, for the 5th, such
theatres being independent of gov
eminent control. The portion of the
metropolis, however, in which they
are situated, is not respectable, and
therefore i. is not prudent to have the
weekly meeting of the league held
there. The shabby coercive conduct.
on The part oi the government, has
given an additional impetus to tine
cause, and win, ihereiore, ue n vufh-
cieni excuse lor my inns stating in
detail the present difficulties of the
League, and the mean, dastardly, nnd
contemptible opposition r.nd hostility
of the Peel government.
Heap and Hantj Labor. The Ban
gor Whia has the following excellent
remarks on the subject of labor:
What honest vocation can be nam
ed that does not contribute, in a grea
ter or less degree, to the enjoyment
of man? It may be humble, indeed,
but it goes to swell the mighty aggre
gate; it may be the rill that trickles
from the mountain side, but it diffuses
fertility through the valley, and min
gles its drops at last with the ocean.
The true American motto is and must
be marked upon our foreheads, writ
ten upon our door posts channeled
in the earth, and wafted upon the
waves Industry Labor isllonora
oe,and idleness is dishonorable, end
I care not if it be labor, whether it be
the head or the hands. Away with
the miserable jargon of the political
economists, who write so complacent
ly about the producing and non pro- J
Vol. II.--N0. 35.
ducing classes. It has no foundation
in nature or in experience. Whit
ney, whose cotton gin doubled the
value of e very acre of land in the south,
raised more cotton with his head than
any twenty men ever 'raised with
their hands. Let me exhort those of
you who ate devoted to intellectual
pursuits, to cherish, on your part, an
exalted and a just idea of the dignily
and value of manual labor, and to
mate that opinion known in our
works end seen in the earnest of our
action. The laboring men of this
country arc vTtst in number and re
spectable in character. -We owdo
them, under Prorjdcnce, the most
gladsome spectacla tJ?c sun beholas in
its course a land of cultivated end
fertile fields, an ocean white whs can
vass. We owe to them the annual
spectacle of golden harvests, which
carry plentj and happiness, alike" to
the palace and the cottage. WV
owe to them the fortresses that guard
our coasts the ships that have borne
our fl.ig to every clime and earned
the thunder ot our cannon triumph
an !y over the waters of the deep.
Printers Looking lp.
A journeyman Printer by the name
of Kellkt, is a candidaie for the
Pennsylvania Legislature fiom the
The above paragraph i.i from the
t'r notl"n ' P.eC1' T "fT
J ho editor ot the courier may db a
'Drigntj particular star in mc nrma-
. ment of letters for aught we know
he may possess the erudition of a
casm of a Jeffiries or the boldness of
thought of a Mackintosh but in our
opinion, he is decidedly the smallest
quill driver that ever wasted in?; and
paper. Printers looking up! Does
the editor suppose that the gentleman
referred to will be honored by a seat
among a body of blockheads, not one
in ten of whom possesses a moiety of
the ability that distinguishes the mem
bers of the 'art preservative of all
artsf We venture to assert that in
a printing office containing fifty jour
neymen, there will be found more
learning, intelligence, and sterling
good sense, than ever fell to the lot
of an equal number of Legislators in
any State in the Union. The bright
est names on the pages of history be
long to Printers, and in our own day
and generation we can point to
prominent actors on the stage of life
who are proud of the profession which
first engaged their attention and pre
pared them for future tie fulness. .
Printers looking up! We can ns
sure this 'unatcher up of unennsider-
e,d trifle' that printers generally look
tiown ?n, the brainless starvl.ngs who
crowd the learned professions in eye
Whenever you hear a young Miss
lecturing her mother on gentility,
contradicting her parents, pouting
and complaining whenever she can
not have bor own way, depend upon
it she will make a poor companion.
In prosperity she will never be satis
fied in adversity she will despond
and complain in sickness she will
distress herself and all around her
never choose her for a life companion.
Kin the contrary, when you see a
mild, modest, unassuming" girl who
may be seen sometime ministering to
the wants of poverty nnd sickness,
who is ever mindful of lhe wants or
wishes of her friends, and unmindful
of her own, who is ever ready to re
lieve distress by kin J words and good
works, nnd who never publishes her
benevolent labors sho will make
your home a paradisa she will cheer
you in prosperity sustain you in ad
versity smooth and soothe the pil
low of sickness she will indeed be
a treasure with or without wealth
she is a pearl above all price.
When you hear young men sneer
ing at their old fashioned parents, or
listening to such remarks from others.
slighting or tensing their sisters and
brothers, disobliging nnd unkind to
servants and others, fond of grumb
ling, too lazy to keep tip the fires or
get themselves a drink of water, sucht
a fellow is a bad chance for a husband.
On the contrary, if he loves his pa
rentsis kind and obliging to his sis
ters and brothers, industrious, and
attentive to his business or his studies,
kind and considerate to the- poor and
unfortunate he will be a good man
or a good husband. '