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17U llM :hi
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VOLUME VII. NUMBER 6.
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SWINE MAKING FORK.
In a very large part of the United States,
next to the cultivation of grain, the profits
f the farmer are more dependent on his
pork, than any other single item; and within
a few years past the sales of that article, it
is believed, have equalled in amount that of
any other farm produce whatever. Jt is
becoming, therefore, an object of interest to
the country, that the best breeds of swine
should be selected and disseminated, and the
most improved methods of fattening be adop
ted, as the saving of a single dollar on each
orer in rearing or fattening, (and expeii
eace proves it possible to save money) would
hi the saving of many millions annually.
To these two points, the bes' breeds and the
ipst mode ot 'aliening, me attention oi tar
mers should be directed.
Fortunately, as far as regards the rest
breeds of swine, the farmer in the United
States has the means of procuring th-we ani
mals that the common voie of fanners in this
citnntro' nnd nliron.l. have rtrononnced the
best for making Dork, and which unite the !
tlesired qualities of size, ease offattejing. and
fineness of quality. These are the Chinese
and Berkshire; but though the first arc supe
rior to all others for quietness, fineness of
flash, and rapidity ol fattening, they are n
lone, too small for profitable feeding, and it
has been found advisable to cross them with
nome of the most approved common or im-1
ported varieties, in order to give the requis
ite weight. At the bead -f these varieties,
whether for crossing or for feeding, stands
tlie Berkshire, a breed which, if it is of com-,
paratively recent introduction, has, by its
valuable qualities, proved itself worthy of a j
more rapid dissemination than any oilier breed
has ever received in this country.
The profits of making pork will depend
much on the breed of the animal fed ; much
on the food used for fattening; and much on
the manner in which the process of feeding is
, conducted. There can be no doubt that
some fanners have such inferior pigs, and
feed them -& such a careless and wasteful
manner, thai they aelually loose instead of
gaining by attempting to make pork. Al
most any hog, and in almost any condition
or place, will improve, and give him enough
to eat, but to profitably fatten, not only must
the food be of the right kind and given in
a proper manner, but every necessasy atten
tbn should be paid to the comfort, cleanli-
. r.ess, and health of the animal. The time
requisite for fattening is of cource depend
ent on circumstances, such as the condition
of the pig when puti.p, the food used, age,
From eight to twelve weeks maybe
said to be tho shortest time in which bogs
can be properly fattened with good care; and
under ordinary modes ol feeding, they may
require a still longer term to be made of good
quality; that is, to have the pork firm and
the animal well filled with lard- Hogs, when
put up for fattening if well, increase the fas
test in weight, and also consume the most
food, during the first weeks of their feeding.
The rapidity of fattening, and the food eaten
both gradually decrease, but the first lessens
most quickly, and after the hog has reached
a certain point, his gain will not pay for his
feed. When the animal approaches this
point he should be killed.
For several years past a large proportion
of the pork in the northern states, has been j
mostly made from apples or potatoes, or from
a mixture of these, with meal added for a
few cf the last weeks of feeding to give the
requisite firmness. On apples or potatoes,
t i e i .i i a. '
panicumny u sieamea, as tuey always should
be, pigs thrive very rapidly, and wi!l in time
acquire a very good consistence of flesh as
well as weight;, but they must be fed for a
longer period than when meal is ued. Bar
ley .has also been extensively cultivated for
making pork, as a substitute for corn and
peas, and grown for the tame purjoes by
many farmers. Some of the heaviest, finest
lots of pork we have ever seen, were made
from peas simply prepared by swelling them
in tubs with water, and feeding them with
milk. As a general rule it may be stated,
that all food for animals, certainly for fatten
ing ones, should be cooked. . In order to
thrive rapidly, and take on fat as a hog should
to render making pork profitable, the nutri
tive matter should be presented in a way
SATURDAY 51 O KVlflO I O V B
that will require little or no expenditure of
animal or vital power for its appropriation.
The following statement will exhibit at a
glance the advantages of so preparing food,
"Mr. Walker of Ferrygatc, on th 4th of
March put up two lots containing fire pigs
each of the same brood, and two and a half
months old. They v.ere separately fed, the
me on steamed and the other on raw pota
toes, with an allowance of two and a half
lbs. of broken bailey drily to each lot; the
barley To t!'i "-'.famed lol lcing prepared a
long with the potatoes. The live weight of
the two lots were
That on raw food, 1 03
That on steamed food, 106
and the following table exhibits their several
March 1 9, pigs on steamed f.Kd, 1 1 4
w a raw M
March SO 44 steamed 44 137
44 44 raw 44 1231
Mav 1, weight on steamed food 205
44 44 raw 44 175
June 44 44 steamed 44 279
44 ' 44 4i raw 44 223
Thus in three months the piss on steamed
food had increased 173 lbs. being C7 lbs.
more than double their original weight:
while those on raw food only gained 115
pounds." In another instance, two lots were
fed on steamed, and on raw potatoes, and in
ten weeks xhs lot led on steamed food earn
ed 33 stone G lbs., and the lot on raw pota
toes, 17 stone II lbs., making a diHerence
in favour of the Fteamed food of 360 pounds,
Uur experience is also decidedly in favor
of steaming or cooking food for swine; but it
should not bp forgotten, that in order to make
profit b!e pirk for rooking, it is indispensa
ble thai pigs fed on apples or potatoes sliouM j
have meal mixed witli their loo. I; the quanti
ty to be increased as the feeding approaches
its close. With this precaution the general
introduction of the plan of fattening swine on
steamed apples, or apoles and potatoes, or
cither alone, is one of the greatest improve
ments of modern f.ir.ning, adding mateiinilv
to the profits of the cultivator of the soil, and
furnishing a fiit rate article for the nmket.
fVrm tl.e.J!l.n TV!.'cr-ili.
Ma EntTOR By the letter of Amasa Wal
ker E"q-, published in your last number, my
attention lias again l en turned to Oregou
Territory. It K no doubt, remembered bv
many tint, at the meeting held in Alton, of
which Mr. W aiker speaks, an attempt was
made to direct the public eye of that meet
ing to the vast importance of a s,ccdy ac
tion in behalf of a chain of internal commu
nication from the Atlantic to the "Pacific O
ceans, by a link across the Rocky Mountains
from the headot navigation on the Missouri
river, to the head of navigation on the Col
umbia river; and that the attempt seemed to
be too visionary to demand serious attention.
Notwithstanding this, I have not been able
to dismiss the subject finally from my mind.
And the more I meditate upon it, the more I
am convinced ol its innumerable advantages
to the United States in general and to the
Western States in particular. And here
permit me, sir, if you please, to present to
i'ip public eye what I believe would be some
of iii'e advantage. And
1st. I believe that it would soon become a
grand thoroughfare to Asia, not only from
our Atlantic States, but from Europe. Any
person will believe this when he takesinto
consideration the safety, the saving of time
the danger of the scenery that a journey on
this route would n'lord, in comparison wilh
a voyage to Asia by the present course.
2J. I believe that'the friendly intercourse
it would induce between foreigners and our
own citizens would 'have a great tendency
:o keep us in peace and amity, with other na
tions. 3d. I believe that it would tend to the
augmentation of our national honor, for all
nations receive hor.ortor their magnificent
and magnanimous works. '
4th. 1 believe that it would be of immense
advantage to 'he United States in times of
war, to lie able to receive Irom Asia her rich
produce without the risk of a six months voy
age exposed to the ravages of a belligerent
5th. I believe that it would increase the
national revenue by bringing into market a
vast tcrriiory in which the sons of freedom
from every nation would take up their abodes
and ihus cause the tree of liberty, planted by
our forefathers to spread its umbrageous
branches from the Atlantic to the l'ucilic U
cean. 6th. I believe taat it would strengthen our
Nathionul Union, by forming- a 'ignment
that would connect the Nonh with fhe South,
and the East wilh the West, so finhly that
nothing but the arm of Omnipotence could j
ever break it.
I have thus, sir, cursorily preented what
I Relieve to be a few of the National advan
tages that would attend the accomplishment
of the proposed project. I will now hint'at a
few more which, although they are National
in their character, yet they are more imme
diately interesting to the Western States than
they are to the East. And.
1st. I believe that it would cause a rapid
(AT BOWM'CBBE E1V, PI li E COUNTY,
se of the population of the. West, as a
i resuitoi aueveiopeii'eni oi us rc3oar -
2d. I bcneve that it would soon cause the ,'tnazin' hundyT - '
w Western States to bccone trs middle ofi Gentle reader! look me steadfastly mthe
an extensive republic, and put them in that
.!:.... .., i. -r.u-tt:.
attitude towards the other States of the Union
which nattttc has designed for thsm, and to
which they are . justly entitled. I believs
this, because I have always observed thtt a
place where two rcat tboroiriV.Hres inter
sect, invariably becomes a place of impor
tance; and v.itii this observation before me,
my mind naturally inquires, What would be
the importance of that place where a grand
thoroughfare from the Atlantic to the Pacific
Oceans should cross the "Mississippi river;
and what would be the benefits that such a
place would bestow on the new Western
Mates! But these inquiries are too exten
sive for me to answer. For when with the
mind's eye I look at the Mississippi rolling its
waters from Isortli to outh, and a linet'l in
ternal conimuaicalion stictched from the At
lantic to the Pacific over our beloved coun
try, 1 cannot even hazard a cdniecture in re
I now, sir, for the prosent, leave the sub
ject with the hope that some mind abler than
mine will take it up, and that our Legisla
ture and delegation in Congress will endea
vor to induce our National Government to
have it investigated by survey or otherwise,
as speedily as possible.
Yours resjctfully, CLINTON.
A VEGETABLE MAN.
Sjrcima of Georgia, Table Talk. The
amusing 'Georgia Lawyer.' (no less a person
age than the lion. Judge Charlton, Mayor of
S ivannih.) in the Knickerbocker, gives the
1l!owing anccJote, in proof of his position,
that man is sometimes nothing more than a
Two frien N. and Ifoiiier l.iwversof mine.
wre tr-u el!n.
1 J," l:S :
ice, on rue c:r-
ctul. i aeir route t mm r.cross the san
Jy bill t iat f"; hi tuo tiorthen boundary of
t!ic Alatam tha, one of the noble rivers ot our
bcautiail state. These hill, or ridge?, how
ever, arc a barren and desolate as Arabi t
Petr.ia. You might plant a Yankee there,
and be would not grow! Pei!;..jT. after I'lia
assertion, it would le 4surpiusaagc to say,
th it no effort of industry or ingenuity could
coax a blade of grass to rear its bend above
the sterile soil. It was a rainy dny, and af
ter travelling for some time, w ithout encoun
tering any signs of human lii , their heart
were cheered by the sight of the 4smoke that
so gracefully curled,' and they knew, forth
with, 'that a cottage was near. An l sure
enough there it wa. A clu:i;y, ill shapeu
log hut, with intei or, to speak more
classically, 4chinks, widi enough to tiirowa
si.cabie liear through.
My friends dis.m Hinted and entered. A
fire of pine wood, oriighl-wood." as it is tech
nically called, bl-jzed in tiie clay chimney.
In one corner of th3 fire-place were huddled
a baker's dozen of vellow-complccled' brats.
A tall, gaunt female, with long, uncombed
tresses, or bunches of coarse red hair, was
seated upon the floor; while in front of the
lire, and occupying the only stool in the hovel,
4set the lord ol ti.e soil, shivering under the
malign inllucnee of a tertian ague.
4Good morning, my friend,' said one of the
visitors who is celebrated for his politeness
nnil nrh.-ir.il v.
.Morning!' was the laconic and ccho-like
reply. (1 beiiev e that is an incorrect expres-!
sW. Echo, like a woman, always gives the;
PmA it.int;.n vmi Iimvp bore' rftiimf.,! mv I
brother attorney. , "
Fineh Jli' "rcVoonded the host; 4vvl.al'sit
fine for? '
4Vhv, I should suppose '-ou would have
good sport here, ia hunting.'
. "Then vou'd turiioss a d n lio!
can't hunt,Vepting you -got something to
httiifat, kin vouJ'
very dear case; i inougnt,
t . i i .
however, that so near the river, there would
h? plentyof deer. Sliil if it is not a good bunting-ground,
it is a fine place for raising cat
tle.' It'tJ, is it! .Sposin' the cattle gets in tho
swamp, and the d d river rises pon 'em,
and fjie cu'sed 1oolt don'i get out of the way,
but get drowned 1 How you 'gwine to raise
'em then chT
4That certainly fs very bad,' continued my
indefatigable friend, 4bui there js one com
fort left to you. If you have not the richest
soil, nor the best hunting-ground, nor the
greenest pasturage, you have what is better
than the monarch's diadem, or the highest
niche "in tits Temple of Fame; you have
4The Iwl I have, stranger! Dont you
see them veljiv complected critter. in the
Corner tljri ? 'linTs lmI lie tltli, "nn't thev?
Th old wo:nan t'nen lias ot it 'sn't she?
And look ft me. with tins cu'sed ager ."baking
my bones into aj:!lyj .Yon call that JualtD,
don't yout' .
4Look here, my friend,' exclaimed my bro
ther qbip, 4answer me this question, and I
wont ask you another. If you cant get any
thing to grov? hereand nothing to Hunt: H
all your cattle drown, and your family are all
the while sick; vhy, in the name of common
M B E K .2 1S39.
sen-.do yorrhot up clicks" and off! Why
,do you ntny qerer
! Oh" cause the lirrht wood knots are so
, face. - Upon your honor, as a esntleman, for
! i. j j ' tt- .i . .r
lady,) do you believe that was n animal Y
Do yon believe that a real genuine rr.an,- or
brute would have remained his whole lite,
under thesev circumstances, in such a spot?
..e, you don t. Jvow, there is what I call a
man of the rrelable species. ' I can't tell
whether a vegetable thinks, or not; tut if it
does, I will bet my spectacles against the
prettiest lady's eye in the country, that, that
man s idea ol heaven was, that it consisted oi
a large pine barren, where the light wood
knots were 'maiin handy,' and where he
could shiver the whole day with a 4cused
agerj over a large fire of the aforesaid light
wood knot, kept in perpetual Maine by the
4ministering angels of the place.'
From "Toe School Boy."
THE BOY AND MAN.
A few years ago, there was in the city of
Boston, a portrait painter, w hose name was
Copley. He did not succeed very well in
busiess, and concluded to go to England to
try his fortunes there. lie had a little son,
whom he took with him, whose name was
John Singleton Copley.
Jd;n was a very studious boy, and made
iucli rapid progress in bis studies, that his
lather sent him to college, lhcre he aphed
himself so closely to his books, and became so
distinguisheda scholar, that his instructors pre
dicted that he would make a very eminent
After he graduated, he studied law. And
when he entered upon the practice of his
profession, his mind was so richly stored
with information, and so highly disciplined
by his previous diligence, that he almost im
mediately obtained celebrity. One or two
causcsofthcgreatcst importance beingintrucst-
cd to him, be managed them with so much
wisdom and skill, as to attract the admiration
of the whole British nation.
The King and bis Cabinet, seeing what a
learned man he was and how mu:h influence
he bad acquired, felt it to be important to se
cure bis services for government- lhey
the i e fore raised him from one post of honor
to another till he was created Ird High
Chancellor of England, the very highest post
of lienor to which any subject can attain;
so that John Singleton Copley is now Ixrd
Lyndhurst, Lord High Chancellor of Eng
land. About sixty years ago he was a little
boy in Boston. His father was a poor por
trait painter, hardly able to get his bread.
.ow. John is at the head ol the nobility ot
England one of the most distinguished men
in talcut and power in the House of Lords,
and regarded with reverence and respect by
the whole civilied world. This is the re
ward of industry. The studious boy bacame
tlin useful and respected man.
Had John ft. Copley -ipent his school boy
lays iu idleness, lie would probably ha9
passed his manhood in poverty and shame.
But he studie J in s chool when other boys
were idle; he studied in college when other
young men were wasting their time; he ev-
ier adopted for his motto, "Ultra pergera,"
Press onward and how rich has been his
Mon measure their charities by a peculiar
standard; A man who has but one dollar in
pocket would giv a penny for almost any
purpose. It be had a hundred, he might give
one: carry it higher & there comes a falling
oi'' One hundred dollars would be consid-
loo large a sum for him who has ten
UIOIISUIIU, WIUIC it MCJl lil Ol U1IC IllUUSdIIU
would be deemed almost miraculous from
a man worth one hundred thousand: yet
the proportion is the same throughout, & the
poor man s penny, ino wioow s rmie, i more
than the rich man s h:gh sounding widely
io.imnOAfl rnrfiiri in f i if rririiitiii
From the Pbilade)jb:a National Ustetta.
The Centenary o f Methodism. The oc
casion of so much interest to the Christian
world has been widely observed by the de
nomination who respect the Wcsleys as foun
ders of their Church. The appellation Meth
odist, was first applied by Charles Wesley
when at College, who from the sedateness of
his manners, the regularity and piety of his
life, gathered around him a few of the more
thoughtful, while he was subjected to the
ridicule of others. Their number at first, in
1 728, consisted of four, namely. John Wes
ley, fellow of Lincoln College, Charles Wes
ley, student of Christ Church, Mr. Morgan,
commoner of Christ Church and Mr. Kirk
man, of Moron College. In 1732, Mr. Ing
ham, of Queen College, and Mr. Broughton,
of Exeter, were added to tiieir number, and
soon r.fter Mr. Clayton, of Brazen Nose,
James Slcevy and George Whitefield joined
The first organization of a class of re
ligious' persons, under- the appellation of
Methodists was made by the Rev. John Wes
ley, in the year 1739, in the city of London.
His first place of worship was a transformed
foundry in London, and'the members number-forty-two.
ftow the societies number
half as many churches; the cumber of mem
BY HI. . WOTE8.
WHOLE NUMBER 321.
bers being exclusive of those- in the United t
States about 500,000. Their means and lib
erality may be estimated from the fact that
for missionary purposes alone they raised
ia 1837'about $400 000. ' V ' '
The principal Missionary Stations of 'lh
English Methodists are in Western & South
ern Africa, Ceylon and Continental India,
New South Wales. Van DiemanV Land,
Zealand, Tongp or Halai Minds, Vavou and
Fejes Islands, thewet4 Indies, and British
North'America. In man of the places they '
have 'printing esuMishmenlsr j1 The numberlV
of scholars in the Mission Schools "is 49,--
The first chapel erected in this country
was in John street, New York, in 1768,
though a church was organized there in 1766,
and about the same time a society was for
med by Mr. Strawbridge, in Maryland. The
society in New York was commenced by
Mr. PhiliD Embury, a local preacher, and
Captain Thomas Webb, of the British army,
also a local preacher. The first ministers
sent by Mr. Wesley, were the Rev. Messrs.
Board man & Pilmore, who came as missiona
ries, and landed in Philadelphia in 1769, where
they found Webb and a society of about one
hundred members. Mr. Boardman went to
New York and Mr. Pilmore continued here
where he preached, the first Sunday evening
upon the commission ; "having," as he says in
a letter to Mr. Wesly, "the stage appointed
for the horse tace for my pulpit, who listened
with an attention stni as night. In 1771
Messrs. Asbury, Whatwat and Wright land-
edin Philadelphia on the 7th of October
where they were most warmly welcomed.
In I77tkhe Methodists numbered in Phila- -delphia
180 member; now they, are over
7000. Then the number of the Ministers
stationed in the resj recti ve churchesin thiscoun
try was 10. now the number is 3300, to which
may be added nearly 6000 local preachers.
Then the whole number of members in the
Colonies was 1 1 60. Now there are in the
United States upwards of 750,000.
Thomas Coke, L. L. D. of Jesus College
Oxford, was ordained Bishop, and entered
upon his duties in 1784. lathe same year
Francis Asbury was ordained to the same
office. Bishop Coke may be deemed the
father of the missionary institution of the
Methodist Church. He crossed the Atlantic
on missions eighteen times and died on a voy
age to British "India in the year 1814. He
commenced the missions in Western Africa
and in the West Indies, and having spent the
whole of a large fortune in the cause, had
the hppiness of numbering 15,000 members
in the West India missions.
Bishop Asbury, who was more exclusive- '
Iy devoted to the care of the church in this
country, was born near Birmingham" in Eng
land, in 1745. He entered the ministry at
the age of 1 7. He -came a missionary to
the colonies in 1775, was ordained a Bishop
in 1784, and died at Fredericksburg, Va. in
1 8 1 6, in the 7 1 st year of his age.
The church in the United States having a r
wider territory," and being remarkable for its
assiduous labors in the new States, cannot .
be expected to accomplish as much as the
British connexion in the cause of missions.
Still its la'mrs are vast and efficient. Its
principal missions are among the Indiantribes, '
Africa, South America,Texas and the South-
era States; connected with these missions aer
230missicnaries,21,838 church members, 21 Eg
being Indians, 29 teachers, 838 scholars. For
fhe support of these were collected the past
year, 1 4X000 dollars. The centenary occa
sion besides being religiously observed, has
elicited gratuitous offerings in England to the
amount of 1,300,000 dollars. Of the sum
which will be raised in this country no es
timate can yet he made. About 10,000 dol
lars it is presumed, will be contributed from
this city alone. The Union Church in Fourth
street has collected 3000 dollars.
Humbug. The learned Dr. Watcrhouie,
justly denominated the "American enner,"
while professer of Natural History in
Harvard University, some years ago,
made an artificial insect, to the limbs of
which he could communicate motion, while
he held it in his hand. After exhibiting it to
the class he was lecturing, and penniting
every pupil to inspect it, none of whom
could tell to what class of insects it belonged,
though they all believed it to be a real living
creature, the Doctor thus addressed them:
44 1 suppose, young gentlemen, you wish to .
be informed of the name of this bug; had
you examined it more attentively, you
would have all perceived that it was a hum
The IV7U In h ITanmi. Cut rnnr root rinrl. '
incrtit vi-uir rlnlti. ia an rtl A maxim mnA m w!m
one; and ii people will only square their ideas
1? .1 . , .
accoruing 10 meir circumstances, now mucfit
happier might we all be! If we would come
down a peg or two in our notions, in accor- 1
dance with our waning fortunes, happiness .
nuuiu w tuniijs yviuiiu uur rcaco. it is noi
what wa have or nrhat tv ha nnl
adds to or subtracts from our felicity. It is the
longing tor more than we nave, the rnvyiEg
of those who possess that more, and the vi'i "
to appear in the world of more consequence
than we really are, which destroys our peace
cf mind and eventutlly leads to ruin. -
-' 1 t