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Congress with information on that eulijevt,
J -11 .l u -i '
;uu an vuiris ruurciru wiin lire rmiinisii
trf nts in several of the most consider; ble
European countries. 1 have epjtehed one
ct the special agents of the Department
to Europe with instructions to visit them in
person and furnish me with minute details
ol their organization and operations.
hill- CALHOUN'S LAND BILL.
The followijg outline of this Bill is given
in a letter firm Washington to the N. Y.
Mr Calhoun's Laid Bill, iniroduced on
leave hist Friday, was piinted to day, and 1
have, obtained a .opy of it. It is a decided
check mate to Mr Clay's, and ulihouuli re-
popud the Inst session, pretty much in the
lhape it now stands, it was r.ot particularly
. attended to by the people, as it wns then
supposed Mr. Calhoun was flat on his back.
1 he first cession of the I ill enact that
fill the puMic lands within the States of Ala
bama, A'i-sitsipi i, Louisiana, Aikansns, Illi
nois, Missouri, Ohio, Indinn.i and Michigan,
with the exception of sites for frti(ications
arsettr.ls, &c. shall, after th fifhh of June,
U42. be ceded to the States within the lim
its of which they lie, on the following terms:
Firsts That the States t-hall pas irrevo
cable acts, binding themselves to pay 50 per
cent of the sales of such lands on or before
the first day ol February of each succeeding
Secondly That the minimum, price now
estnl-li-hed bylaw, shall remain unchanged
till 20th June, 1 842; but after that pe;iod.
mav he reduced to the fallowing scale.
All I::nds that have been offered for sale
end remain unsold ten years priceding the
?0:h June 1842, may hereduced to a price
rot less than a dollar per acre.
All ihat remain unsold 15 vears, to be
reduced to 75 cents.
AH that have been offered for sale 20yars,
and remain unsold, 40 rents.
All that remain unsold 25 vears 25 cent.
All that icmain unsold SO years, shall lie
ceded immediate lv to the States in which
thev are situated.
Provided, That all lands which remain tin
sold after having been offered at public sale
for ten years, and do not come under the
forgoing provisions, shall be suject to the pro
visions oi graduation and cession, nt the
respective periods of 10, 15, 20, 25 and
30 years after the sale, commencing from
the expiration of ten years sdter they had
been offered for snle.
Thirdlv The lands are to be subject to
the same legal subdivision, in sale and sur
vey, that they now are. including ihe san e
reservations; and are to be offered for snle
by the States for cash only. I.mds that
remain unsold alter havti-g been e posed
fi.r iV.U shall fce subject to private entry,
for cash only.
As soon as the "President of the United
States is informed official! v of the accent
mice of any State, of the condition expressed
.in the bill, he is to witdraw the public land
offices, and surrender the lands.
These are the leading features of the bill,
and it wii! undoubtedly pass, and secute to
Mr Culhoun, as a candidate for the Piesiden-
cv, the electoral vole of Wisconsin, Florida.
and I )UJ, that are to be admitted to the
Union before the election o! the successor,
The bill will, beyond all d-uht. produce
much sensation throughout the In ion.
From the. N. O. I'icatjvne of the )th.
RECEPTION OF fi EN'L JACKSON IX
As had been previously- arranged, the
steamer bearing the venerable ex president
arrived yesterday morning at about 10
o'clock. An immense throng assembled at
the wharf to wel :nmj him, and the steam
' boats, vessels in the river, and houe-'op.
were, aJ;ve with the people warm; their
hats and handkerchief as he approached.
I lie old l-eneral looks some whit the worse
for age, but still remarkably active and heai
ty for one of his vears.
Tho reception, generally, was one of
which the aged veteian should feel proud.
There was a lukewarmness on the part ol
some ol las political opponents which we
' consider anything but praise worth)-; but
. the body of our citizens were out and cordi-
- , ally welconl(Tlnrrtka!nvilATin IU15. rna.
manfully braved, not only an almost uncon
querable enemv but public opinion, in their
behalf. We, in our individual capacity, are
among those who have politically opposed
ten. Jackson in thought, word and deed
ij't eleventh hour men, but went against hi
pohiical advancement fiom the lirst jump out
still, we yesterday forgot the politician &
thought only of the man welcomed him as
t'le Hro of New Orleans' and the fearless
defen lor of his country, and were ivillin to
fonet ought else.
On Ie.ivin? the boat a barouche with four
horses was read v to receive him, from whence
he was eseoiteJ, by the Legion and Wash-
ioilon Bittalion, to the State House. As
I the procession n issed along Ginil street, a
dense nust of citizens thronged each side.
and th numerous balconies jvere croaninj
with their fair burthens; ladies waving their
handkerchiefs, while the silver-headed wa--
rior bowed in acknowledgment of their sal
utations. r rom me state uouse ne was escorted to
the public square, in front of the old chathe
dral.by the veterans of '14 an I I5, the
members of the city councils, and a large
. concourse oi citizens. Arrived at the pub
Tjcsmiare, he was conducted to the ca hedral
sfbere an oration was delivered, af:er which
. he reviewed the troops in the squire, the
' V cvto&iert nvanwhije firing a salute. Thi
hart of the4eremo iies'trrer, be wis escor
by the military, after which they were dismissed.
Ne Orleans has won some fame for the
brilliances ol her military dipl.iv a, b.t the
parade of yesterday exceeded any Hung of
the kind we have eer achieved. All feel
ings cf rivid ry were forgotton. and the I
gun and Washington liatiuliin turned out
in concert. We never saw them look to
more ad vantage than the) did o.:that occasion,
and the light of other days could be een
bnghtmng in the old soMier s eyes as he col
templated the fine martial display before
him. He who had led raw and undisciplined
Tennes.ennsand Louisianians to battle and
to victory, bom the same spot, now beheld
a wel-d rilled array ol troops and his pleased
cri ntentnee u.lly indicated Ins sniiM:iclitn
In the eveninir, ngreable to the invitation
of the managers, the General and his
suite attended ti e St. Chailes. At the rlose
of the net .f the comedy then pcrlorming,
the curtain was dropped, anr. the aiithem
plaved according to announcement. The
curtain then rose and Mr. J. M. Field deliv
erer a poetical address from his own pen to
the Defender of New Orleans, the aged
veti ran who came,
"To bless the children of the sires I e s ived."
The house wns crammed from the pit to
the dome, and the General twice arose to
acknowledge the entuhsiastic (-.herring ol
the multitude. Hail Cohiml in was thin
sung by the full company ol the St. Charles
and the white-headed warrior left the theatre
amid the prolonged cheeisofan admiring
audience of some two thousand souls. Thus
ends our brief and hastilv written record of
a day that will be remembered while New
Oilcans stands, and the Mississippi flows.
From Brother J una than.
STEAMBOAT LEXINGTON BURNED
IN THE SOUND! !
150 LIVES LOST!!!
TJe appalling calamity of the destruction
of the Steamboat Islington, on her wav
from thiscitr to Providence. th,ew the com
munis v into a state ofm-! m-lio!y and jjoom.
n the arrival of die Intelligence at 2 o'ch:l
Wednedav, such as e have nver belore
witnessed in ihis metropolis. From Capt.
Hillard. the following particulars have beep
The Lexington left N. York at 3 oYloi k
on Monday eveninc.and poceeded regulati
on her way till hull past 7. when between
La ton's Neck, and Crane's Neck, a fue was
discovered to have taken place among sotrt
I ales of cotton, rear the smoke pipe, spread
ing with fearful rapid it v. A fruitless attempt
was immepintely niadetorxtir.uislt.e f!;.n rs
by means ol the suction pipe. hil the ex
traordinary heat incteased the action of the
engine wiih alaiming rapidity. AU access
to the engine was cut off. Cart. ChiVN de
termined to steer the boat for the nearest
shore, and was the last on seen in the
wheelhouse. In fiitn-n minutes more, the
engine stopcd, and the progress of the I Hint
was cut shoit two ii.ii's awav fiom land.
there she ultimately went down tibout 3
o'clock next morning.
The scene that now folio. .cd vvn too aw
ful to dwell on. All order and discipline
were rone. The life lxat and all the other
boats had been lowered down and swamped
while the Urn! was under full headway
and hardly a gleam of hope remained to the
devoted sulk-rer on lioard. li lies o! rot
ton &l other articles were thorn n o ei boar'tis
a means of assistance in the inpending ex
treme of necessity, but those who tucceed
ed at last in reaching them were soon wash
ed oil to a watery grave. 1 he lire was
amidships and cut oiTall communications fue
and aft. The I ireer part of the passengers
were seen clinging to portions of the es l
in clusters, nnd thev all went down with the
ill-r tel bo'it on Thursday mornin.
The policy of the owners of this line has
been to save their (test boats, during this
wintry season, and to put their two oldest
worst vessels upon that dangerous passage
These they have sent o.Ton every other day.
laden deeply with vast misses of combusti
ble freijrht, and hundreds of piswngers thu
carelessly nndjekjei!vl rifling w.'?Ji human
life. e "iope that the aggregation of so
many prvds. will ha v convinced the triv
fetf?nrjiubric, by this ti n. of the danjer of
trusting their l.ves ami those ol their kin
dred and friends, to the tender mercies of a
money making monopoly.
A recent traveller in the Unitd l States
gives a curious accounted a mat' imonial lot
tery, which was formed with beneficial effects
however singular it may seem.
We are highly pleased with the modus ope
randi, and w-ouid he irtily recommend it.
K)o the 31st of December list said he44!
was passing thronHi the State of South Ciro
lina, in the evening arrived in the suburbs of
the lownot- , where I had an ncqu nnt
ance, on whom I called. I was quickly in
formed that the family was invited to a wed
dimr in a neighltoring house, nnd on being re
quested, went with them. As soon as the
couple were nm ried, the company was seat
ed, and a profound silence ensued. A young
lawyer arose, and addressed the compan
very eloquently; and in finishing his disclose
begged leave to o'.Iera new scheme of matri
mony, which heJWieved would be beneffciil.
nd on obtaining leave, heroposed Hhnt
one man in the company" should be selected
at president, and should be duly sworn to
keepeatirelv secret all the communications
that should be forwarded to him in his official
.department that niht; nod that each unmar
ed gentleman and lady, shuld write his or
on a piece of paper, and under it
the name of the ptirson they wished U
n;arr ;andhand it to the President for in -
siiectHn; and if miv cent email and ladv h -d
-n i i. -i .
teciprocauy cnosen encn oioer, inepresiaen ,ieci sUH-ioe in uiiiiiiHirc on un ivn w.
was to inform e"ach other ol the result, and He was ld lothe act by the refusal of the
those who I a I not been reciorocd in their 'mother of a yon g lady, to whom he wis be
choice, kept entirely secret. - trothed, to assent to their marriage. Thede-
Alter the appointment of the president,
communications weie accordingly handed up
to the chair, and Jl-Was lound that twelve
young gentlemen td ladies had made recip
rocal choice" f but wlnHii they had chosen,
remained a secret to all but themselves and
the president- The conve sat ion changed,
and the company respectively retired.
XSow hear the conclusion. I was p issing
through the same place on the 14th of M irch
lollo wing and wns intormed that eleven ol
the twelve matches had been solemnized.
Murder! Murder! Murder! Although no.
thing in the hape of murder has recently
occured in this city, of which the Attorney
General could take cognizance, yet are such
deeds daily perpetrated as come leitiinau ly
under this brad, l ure religion is daily mur
dered with the. sword of hypociisy; patriot,
ism is murde1 by ary j honor is murder
ed by ambition; and honesty by pretension.
Playeis murder their parents; doctors murder
their ntients; lawyers murder thei." clients,
and orators murder the King's English.
Slander murders teputaiion; avarice murders
charily; and vice murders virtue. Dissipa
tion murders health; serenade murders sleep:
itinerant lecturers murder science and la
dies hv tight lacing, murder themselves. Or-
can grinders murder music; editors murder
ideas; toddies mur.ler tipplers; and tyrants
murder liberty. I rov drivers murder horse
flesh; fops murder fashion; affection mur
ders beauty ; nnd pleasure very often murders
leeling. Poets murder fancy; poison murders
rats; cooks murder poultry: and politics
murder peace. I'ainters murder their art;
pi insets often murder their copy; mustachios
murder the appearance of the human face,
divine; and miikmen.cn the cold water prin
ciple, always murder their milk. Humbug
murders modesty in every corner. In f ict
ouirder daily stalks abroad, notwithstanding
i he apathy of the authorities to arrest its
progress, and is likely to go on till the long
looked-for milleniiim comes. When will t: at
The bill introduced by Mr. Adams provi
ding for the management of the Smithsonian
B- quest, proposes to :iproint trustees, who
are to ho a bo.lv corporate and politic, enti
tled "The Smithsonian Institute tor the in
cieasetrnd diffusion of knowl?de among
men.' The main provisio is of the bill are
"The tus!ee are to consist ol the Vice Pres
ident of the United States, the Chief Justice
of the V. S. th Seciet iries of State. Treas
ury. War and Navy; The Attorney General
f the U. S., and the Mayor of the City o'
Washington, ti'getlier with f.-ni rnrnilx-rs ol
li e House of Representatives, and three of
the Senate, lo ie annua ly elected by their
respectite Houses. He proposes that the
fond shall be placed in the Tr. nsmy of the
United States, nnd the faith of the Uciied
Slates, pledged tor its p'eei vation iintlimiri
ished anii unimpairfif, wi-h si ier ciit. in
terct. which shall he paid nnnnallv, and ap
plied lo the purHses of the nnd, thai no
part of Ihe fund shall be applied to school,
college, university, institue of education, or
ecclesiastical eti lishment,that all appiopri
ation from the fund shill be from the interest
and not the principal of the same; and thet
the sum of thirty thousand dollars, part of
the first year's interest accruing on said fund,
he appropriated towards the errcf'on and
establishment, nt ihe city of Washington ol
an Astronomical Observatory adapted to the
most effective and continual observations of
the phenomena of the Heavens; to lie pro
vided with the necessary and lest instru
mentsas hooks for the periodical publication
of the said ohsei v.nions, an. I for the annual
composition and publication of a Nautical al
manac." A friend I'.avint! pointed out to Mr. Sheri
d.in that Lord Kenyon had fallen aleep at
the first reryfeit ition ol IV.-ito, and that,
too, in the nvd-t of oVJ.'a fine speech to
the Peruvian soldiers, the dram iti-t u-tt r-ittV
er mortified; hut instantly recovering his usu
al good humor, he said. 'Ah, pHr man! let
him sleep, he thinks he is on th 'r. c'i!'
One day. meeting two royal dukes walking
nn SJf f.idins trf. vmin fost tlnw flin.
. ......... , -
pantly addressed him: 'I siy. Sherry, we'
have just been discussing whether you are a
greater fool or rogue; what is your own
opinion, my boyf Mr. Sheridan having
bowed, and smiling at the compliment, took
each of them by the arm, and instantly re
plied, Whv, faith, I believe 1 am between
Cap'. Samuel Bhjat, tve same who
latelv flourished in the Mormon war, at a
military election, held at Far West, in Cald
veH county. Mo., a short time since,
dflilieratelv shot Mr. Alexander Beattie, a
young man of about 29 years of age. Im
mediately after doing the deed Bogart fled,
it is supposed for Arkansas or Texas. A re
ward of $l.0:K) is offered for his apprehen
sion r.nd delivery, either at Richmond, or
A chemist in Albany, a few days ego, expati
nt ing Ail the late discoveries in chemical sci
ence, observed that snow had been found to
poess a considerable- degree of heat. An
Irishman present at this remark, observed.
"that truly chemwtfr' wis valuable sri.
ence." (and anxious thit the discovery might
mane probable) inquired of Ihe orator what
nfmber of snow-balls would I futbcicnt to
1 SuicUe. Mr. Thoiwisjvirkby. oft!ie firm
til K rkl-v & Miller, of u dena, 111. c Niiniil-
i . - - - .l e k ..it
ceased was in good circumstances, and bore
nn excellent character. He proceeded with
great deliberation; having written letters on
business and other subjects, in which his
purpose wns avowed, the very hour he ac
complished it. Com. But,
A painter, whose talents were but indiffer
ent, turned physician. He was askeJ the
reason of iu 'In p tinting, answered he. all ,
the faults are exposed to the eye; but in
physic, they are buried with the patient, and
one gets oif more easily.
Hope is a prodigal young heir, experience
is his banker; hut his rirafts are seldom hon
ored, since there is often a heavy balance
against hi n. hectuse ie draws largely upon
a small capital, is not yet in possesion, and if j
he were, would die.
Anecdote of Faulkner. Mr watch. says
Sir AV B. Faulkner, in his rambling notes,
had stopped, and I took it to AiiukfiKijmt
it ripht. He armed his eyes with a micro
scope, and confined to exhaust all my pa
tience, for a considerable time, very sapieutly
occupied, as I thought, examining the ma
chinery to discover the disorder. At length
he told me he could do my watch no good
unless he took it all to piece; to which ob
jecting, I carried it to another, who, a good
deal to niv surprise, discovered that 1 had
only forgotten to wind it up ."
The house of Representatives of Massa-
chusets has supplied the vacancies in the
Senate i)f that State, by electing five Van
uuren men and seven u higs.
The United States Court, in session at
New York, has decided that a raft is not a
vessel in law. Argus.
A gentleman or horseback finding himsell
at a spot where four raids met, asked a
coii itrvman, who was working on one ol
thein. where it run to. Clod pole raising him
self from his stooping posture, scratching his
head; replied with a giin, "I doesn't know
where it riV to zur but we finds it here ev
SATURDAY. FXnSRTJABY 8, 1840.
Errata. In looking over the communi
cation signed 'Medic us' in our last number,
we discovered several typographical errors,
which we take pleasure in correcting via:
In the third line for 4 the country read, this
county; line ihrty-lourtu lor 'country re- d
county; line forty-first, f.r 'conversed real
converse; forty fifth, for c lused' read cause;
and in the fortv-'x:h. for 'on read or.
CThe couiinunicaiion of ML B. was
eceived t- o late for this weeks paper. We
shall take pleasure in giving it a place in our
Viroisia Wm. M. McCarty, (W.) has
been chosen to fill the vacancy in Congress,
occasioned by the resignation of Hon. C.
F. Mercer. Toe 231 ult waj fixed upon in
the legislature for the election of a U. S.
Illinois. Toe ch trier of the State B nk
hasleeu reiited on certain conditions and
her susjiension legalized until the end of the
next sr si.,n of the legislature, provided the
restrictions i:iiHscil, he accepted. If not
accepted, her charter will bs loifeited. The
lollowing are the principal amendments pro
Nscd, and the bill only wants the approval
of the council of revision to beco ne a law.
1st. The bank shall make no loan on any
hypothecation of its st ck.
2d. It sl.all not sell or dispose of its spe
cie or bullion, except in sums of five dollars,
31.. It shall make a monthly statementMjaTiberinore than twenty thousand dollars in
its transactions, u'liler oath, to the Governor.
4 ill During the suspension, it shall not is
sue notes so that the amount shall nt any
time exceed the amount of the capital stock
Cth. It shall receive state funds and pay
out the same free of any charge to the S:a(e.
Cth. Any stockholder holding five shaies
of its stock shall be eligible as a director in
7ih. Until the resumption of specie pay
ments, citizens who have notes discounted
by the bank shall be allowed to pay such
notes in instalments of ten per cent, each,
according to the customary rules of banking,
they gi ing satisfactory security for rhe res
idue of their debt, which is thus extended.
8th. The bank shall not loan to any indi
vidual or firm so that their indebtedness shall
exceed $10,000 at any one time.
Dili. At the next elect ion for directors at
least three new directors shall be appointed
in place of those now holding the office, and
thereafter, at every election two new direc
tor shall be appointed.
The legislature haa also passed a law lirti
i ing the tenn of service of the secretary d
State to four years, and a resolution approv
ing of Mr. Calhoun's Land Bill. They alsol
repudiated some of the loins, contracted in
England by the commissioners, Messrs. Raw
lings and Oakley.'
Bohokr troubles" AXUN.It teems ihat
England is determined, to mainUin her claim .
to the di-puted territory J- e yen's t the point
of the bayonet. Sbe has made some move- .
ment with her troops, that has - been made , -known
by Governor Fait field of Maine, ' to
the President, and by the President to the
British Minister at Washington. In addi tion
to this, the Governor of New Brunswick '
has issued something like a proclamation
which certainly contemp'ates a war with the
Unite J States. The whole matter was hid. -before
Congress on the 23d alt. Ft r want of .
space, we are unable to jive more partial-',
lars this week. . ,
CONGRESS But little hat been done -in
either House since our last accounts from t
Washington, of much interesU ' The Sub
Treasury Bui, has passed the Senate by.
a vote of 24 to 18, after a discussion of some
d lys, in which Messrs. Benton, Buchanan, ,
Henderson and. others, participated. Oa
the I3ih ult, Judge Wh'te declared his inten
tion to resign his seat, rather than obey the
instructions of the Legislature.of his Slate,
oi.'the subject of the Sub-Treasury Bill and'
at the same time read his tetter to that body,
justifying his public conduct. In the House,
the New Jersey case has been referred to
the committee on elections, by a large vote.
The slavery question, growing out of the
presentation of Abolition petitions, has af
forded a jruttnit souice of discussion, tni
waste of time To deny thenit of petition
on this subject, is rather horri fyng to a larjra
majority of the members, nnd though they
are unwilling to go into the merits of tHs
question, they 'whip the devil abound th;
stump by receiving the petitions and hying
them on the table.
Hon. N. P. Tallmadge, (Con.) has been
reelected to the Senate of the 17. S. by tl;
( egislature of New York and Dnn:el Sur
geon, (Dem.) has been chosen, to supply the
vacancy occasioned by the expiration of the
term of Mr- M-Kean, by the Legislature of
Pa. Hon. R. J. Walker, (Dem.) has been
re-dec ted from Mi. am" Michigan has
elected Augustus Porter, (Whig) to overlook
her interests in the same body vice Mr. I yn.
The Su Louis Republican gives an account
of a large and respectable meeting of the
citizens of Lexington Mo., without distinc
tion of party, held on the 2 1st ult., to ex
press their senti nents in relation to the re
moval of Mr. Aull, late postmaster at that
place. Judge Ryland presided. A Cumlier
land minister by the name of Henderson,
lite of Callaway county, steps into Mr. A's
S oc and the meeting say, that be has
palmed himself vpon the community, if not
in defiance, at least in advance of its wishes,
several resolutions were passed condemning
the removal, and among them the following
which meets with our most cordial concur
rence uIteso!irdt That this meeting fieelv ad
mits the right, and commends its exercise by
the appointing power, to give the offices in
its bestowal to its political friends instead of
its foes, where the qualifications of the appli
cants are equal; yet it denies the right of
my and every high public functionary, in
my depinmentot the government, to abridge
the freedm of speech and opinion on the
part of their subordinates; much less to pun
ish them for the exercise of their birthright
as freemen: and this meeting repudiates the
assumption of such right, as foreign to th
genius ol a free government, violative of tSo
principles or our constitution and subversive
of the undoubted rights of the citizen.
Mori bank friud. The Ohio Statesman
says, that the Legislature of that State hat
ascertained that the Bank of Zmes.ille, has
sold in Philadelphia, since the first of Sep
specie, and tbat the Bank of Muskingum
has sold ten thousand dollars. In other
w rds, they have depreciated their own pa
per by suspension, and then turn rosat, ns
a certain gentleman has it, and buy up their
notes at a discount.
How long will this system of ban; swin-i
ling be permitted ! How long will it Le, I e
fire the people, will take some step to reform
the enormous abuses of the present banking
system! If with such facts as these and the
transactions recently detected in the Schuyl
kill bank of Philadelphia, they wilt no
open their eyes, and will still connive at
such instances of fraud and villanr, they aro
certainly 'past salvation and we can almost
add, are hardly worth saving.
It is now reduced to a certainty thst Moe-
ton, (Dem.) is elected Governor of Mass, by
one vote the legislature has elected a Whig
lieutenant governor, in tne vacant Con
gressional district in the tame State, H.iLer.
(Whig) is elected by two votes. This is
'getting through with a 'tight squeeze.
Wilmington N. C was visited bv a vcrv
disasttous fir on the 17th ult. 'The loss
sustained - is estimated at 1500.003 the
best and most businsss part of the town was