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- VOL. 29. ' BOIYLlAG-UftEEX, MO. SATURDAY, ItIAY g, 1840. WHOLE ft UMBER 341
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SgCotf Hawr quo.
A Clerical Dancino Mastkr. The fol
lowing anecdote of Edward Young, the au
thor.of the Night Thoughts, is told in the
last number of the London Metropolitan
When Young left the university he was
a master of arts, and brought away with
him a vast stock of Greek and Latin. But
the fire of a fine imagination was not extin
guished under the heavier acquisition of his
scholastic pursuits ; its vivitla vis and enthu
siasm had survived, and when he began the
wonu.ms neaxi was uew anu peculiarly sin-
, j , 1 I
ccuuuie ii caul luiuresaiun. i mis consult-
l -,. r. -.
- . u : : ti .:. .
love on his road ; and oung soon discover-
.i .u i... ...... M.n.e auu p.Mua.u grace
sfvf Anna Kjiu'Iav ti wnnm ha nn&ra.i n fimiil
7 . , . L . .
nomage, wiiica was accepiea wixnui nesi-
. .. . .,....,
moveu,necear..y ueawra tne centre o, ...s
universe, auu mo i.iuie mat cum Ktsea u,
- i- .i . -.
V - " , . , .
One fine summer evening he escorted them
to the river side, not then w thickly built.
upon as now It was the middle of sum-
mer. and the hour was that deln'hlfnl an I
when the wings of the breeze bring coolness
with them to refresh all nature, which
was languid and exhausted by the heat of
one of those oppressive davs which ever
and anon give us a taste of the fervid hours
of a torrid cliino. Buttle and activity
prevailed around ; the river was instinct
with life and motion, and a thousand boats,
gallantly equipped and manned, furrowed its
broad bosom ; a thousand confused sounds
floated in the air ; and the John Bull of the
elden time seemed to be in the full enjoy
ment of his proverbial merriment that pic
turesque John Bull of the sreond quarter of
the eighteenth century, in cocked hat and
laced cravat, embroidered and bright colored
coat, knee breeches, and high quartered
Young enjoyed the scene with a poet's
eye, and found ample materials for the indul
gence of his satirical turn, when one of the
ladies proposed that they should all go to
Vauxhall, as it was a public night. The pro
position was received with acclamation and
a wherry was soon freighted with the joyous
company. By way of amusing bis fair friends.
Young drew from his pocket a flute, on
which he excelled, and his notes were so
perfect that a crowd of boats soon gathered
around ; among others was one filled with
young officers, which pulled hastily up, and
took a station alongside that of the musician.
As Young only played for the gratification of
his comrany and himselt, he did not choose
to be made a public spectacle ; so he soon
ceased, and returned his flute into its case.
One of the officers took offence at this ; and,
thinking that his game was sure with a young
man in a clergyman's dress, and whose aspect
was anything but martial, he ordered the play
er to produce his flute and begin a new.
Young shrugged his shoulder at this piece
- of impertinence, but took no further notice of
it ; it was followed by threats and curses,
which had no greater effect upon the person
against whom they were directed. The of
ficer, who was very angry that his orders
were disobeyed, and his menaces despised,
directed his rowers to close with the boat
of the refractory musician, and swore he
would fline him into the Thames unless he
immediately began playing. The alarm of !
the ladies was intense, and seeing that ihe
oldier was about putting his threat into exe
cution, they entreated ' xoung to yield to
the exigency; but the indignant flutist still
Edward f exclaimed a soft voice at his
aide ; will you do nothing to oblige me f
. Do you with me, Anna, to submit to the
decrradinz insolence of such a brute f
f 4 Yes, I do; I beg it, if you have any re-
I mr1 frtr m J .
- Young drew out his flute without another
word, and played several gay air, whilst the
triumphant soldier beat time with ostenta
tion, . applauded vehemently, and looked
- round as if to impress upon the auditors the
idea of bis irresistible importance.
The company soon alter reached Vaux
hall, where the parties separated, .But al-
- though Young's exterior was calm, he felt
a deep resentment for the insult to which he
had. Men subjected, in bis mistress' presence.
Her accents had soothed his wrath, but' it
could not extinguish the desire of vengeance
md of making his oppressor ridiciu8 in his , , . " ' ,t,-Mmm
i l. -'Ij ... .i..-.;k. r'f the 18ih msu my attention was caught
turn ; so he determined not to lose sight of i
the aggressor, and to take the firt opportu
nity, when he was alone, of speaking to him.
An occasion soon oflered, when he coolly
( Sir, said he, 4you have cot an awkward
habit of speaking too loudly
Ah !' rejoined the other, that's because
I make a point oi being obeyed at the first
But that depends upon your hearers ; and
I have a different opinion
Have you t and yet it seems that just
O, but you must know why I submitted
to your rudeness.'
Well what is your ih now, sir f
To give you to understand that if I pro
duced my flute, it was not to gratify you,
but solely to oblige the ladies under my es
cort, and who were frightened at your long
sword and loud oaths ; but they are not here
now ; so
1 lou know tins is a challenge, and your
Whv should it ! You have affronted me.
and owe me satisfaction
The soldier smiled disdainfully as be said
As yu please, sir : you shall be satisfi
When and in what place shall it be
' .-morrow, at daybreak, in Bittersea
IIC-'I tlll.l U3 tlC C&1IUII will.
rnnrprm von Ann mp. nnil m v nrotpssion
i . . t .. .
compeu me to have some regard to the pro-
4 R? u Sf) vour ani- .
, , T ie gwor , , :veni,e mP1ier
of the church miliMnt
Tlie conditions hein-r thus arranged, the
ynun,, mon yno,i their reactive parties
Qt) thp fl,win2 mominj. ,hev were U.th
. i . .u , , , p, r .
punctual to their appointment. 1 lie officer
h:)j ,,ravvn ,lis rapiefwhen Young produced
' a larjre horse postol from beneath his cloak,
? ,. ' j , , .. ,
. Wh d, Vlin-mfnn t akH the ag,onish.
ed ,di , v b h
.. . 1
sin ite me t
1 erltaps ; hut that will depend upon
yourself, last nirlit I phved on t ie flute ;
this morning it is your turn to dance.
4 1 would die first ; yon have taken an un
worthy advantage of this stratagem.
As you did yesterday of the ladies' pres
ence ; but come, captain, you must begin
s j a
I shall do nothinjj ot the kind, sir ; your
conduct is most ungentlemanly.
No strons language here, captain ; dance
at once, or I will lire.
These words, wlich were uttered with
much earnestness and accompanied with a
corresponding jiesture produced the effect
desired. The officer, finding himsell in a re
tired place, and at the mercy of a man whom
he had crievously offended, and who seemed
determined to exact reparation after his own
fashion, did as be was deired, and stepped
through the figure of a minuet, while Young
whistled a slow and appropriate measure.
When it was finished. Young said 'Sir.
you have danced remarkably well ; much
better in its way, than my flute-playing.
We are now even ; so if you wish, we will
begin another dance, in which I will be your
rhavis.1' Saying which, he drew his sword.
But the dancer very justly thought he
had received a proper lesson, and more
favorably appreciating the man he had so
wantonly insulted, thought it would be Letter
to have him lor a friend than an enemy. He
therefore held out his hand to Young, who
shook it coidially ; and in perfect harmony,
and arm-in-arm, they quitted the Sot which
might have been fatal to one of them, but
had, fortunately, only served to give and
take a lesson in' dancing.
Singular Will. An Er glsh miser, John
Pleech, lately died in London, leaving the
following will: I give and bequeath to my
nephew, my old black coat : 1 give and be
queath to my niece, the flannel waistcoat I
now wear ;
1 give and bequeath to each ot
my sister's grand children, one of the little
Tearthen pots on the top of my wardrobe :
finally I give and bequeath to my sister, as
'a last token of the affection I have always
felt forher. tbe brownstone jug at the head of
my bed. The disappointment of the legatees,
when this strange will was read, may easily
be imagined. The deceased was spoken of
by all in a way by no means flattering to
him, and his sister in a fit of anger, gave the
stone jug her legacy, a kick which broke it
in pieces, when lo ! a complete stream of
guineas poured out of it, and the general
disannnintmpnt anvf. WRV to ioV. E-ich
rrr p . , .
hurried to examine his or ner legacy, ana
th flunnol urnistennt and little earthen pots
were found equally well filled, the testator
having only wished to cause them an agreea
A tavern keeper in Illinois advertises a
young lawyer who has left his house without
paying his bill under the following express
ive caption : . -
44 Absquatulando damnum et Swartwout
andibus in transitu, non est inventus ad libitum
scape goaturo, non come atibus in Swlmpo."
FOR TUB SALT RIVER JOURNAL.
AT J? ,,.. In lnstltina nvfr tha TnnrnnI
by a communication it contained, and from
"that boldness" with which the piece becnn,
I expected to see at the bottom of it the
rame of some well known citizen of Pike
county, who justly felt himself agrieved; but
at the end of the article, I found the name
Now, I likewise have been a citizen of
Tike county, a number of years, and am in
terestcd in our county affairs, but I'cnnnot
force myself to be terribly alarmed at the
course of our county officers. I have been
at court and conversed with the Justices up
on the subject of which Umenes' " com
munication speaks, and found them cheerful
to give every explanation of that rumor; and
I do not doubt but that any member of the
court would satisfy any person ( Umenes'
not excepted.) by stating the facts, and refer-
ing to the public records; but, I have noticed
for some time, that the county court and the
clerk, seem to be an eye sore to a few anx
ious expectant partizans, and some of their
more immediate menials; thus it follows that
a hue and cry must be kept up, when the
truth of the case is just at hand, and easily
obtained, and has been unhesitatingly civen
to all wh j really wish to know for the good
of the county. M What is ruth f said Pd ite
to Jesus, and would not st iy for an answer.
As to publishing the proceedings ot the court,
every one knows there is no law to tint pur
pose, and no appropriation to defray the ex
pense nor has it ever been the practice of
the courts; their proceedings are recorded,
and that record is always ready fir public in
spection. "Umenes' gives the worthy Sen
ior Judge praise for opposing what he calls o
private investigation of Ihe Clerk's account,
w hereai, if I am correctly informed, the court
held no private inrestigntion as a court, but
on the contrary, had the said account public
ly investigated in open court, and ordered the
over-charge refunded; to which, the Senior
Judje dissented. It must be plain then, that
the Jr. Judges, as well as the Senior Judge,
are for saving the people's money, and do
not intend that it shall be improperly expen
ded nor wasted by hurrying into unpromising
law suits, at perhaps a heavy expense to the
country. No doubt "Umenes" has heard
all this" talked of through the county, and as
he appears so partial to rumors and relies so
much upon them, he certainly should allow
the one to have as much influence with his
fruitful fnncy as the other. But that would
not suit his purposes, he loves to deal in a
particular kind of rumor. "Umenes" seems
to think, because he glories in looking at the
dark side of matters of interest, from flying
report, the people of the county will do like
wise; but let me assure him he is in error.
He would induce the people to believe the
justices ot tJ-e court had power to hx their
taxes at their discretion to any extent, when
ic fact, it is reasonably limited bv law. h
would be a tedious task to noticeall the
surdities of 'Umenes heat one time makes
the proceedings of the court dark and mys-
terious.nd at another, it is clear and plain-
quite plain! He inlorms us in his valuable
publication, thnt "the c.iurt once determined
ujon the arrest of their clerk for drawing
more money out ol the slate treasury, with
out a proper warrant Irom the county court
than was legally due him". Now, here is
another astonishing instance of the credulily
of "Umenes" in which he has suffered him-
self to be airain imposed uoon bv rumor: does
not anv one conversant with our couniv nf-
fairs know that the court is not authorized to t ,'ie camera, and allowed to remain a mo
issue a warrant on the state treasury t Won-;ment or two in that position. When remov-
derful financier, and patriot thou Umenes !
l'ike will surely make you Judge or clerk iu:yei uiscernaoie; out m anng u out cieany
consideration of your profound erudition and !anolner ProCP, " resorted to.
great love of the people and their institutions, j
which all must admit you have so ably mam-
fested in your attempt to discharge the over-
flowings ol your spleen upon the court and
clerk; you might alarm the public in a small
degree it it was not so easy to detect in it a
spirit of scurrility and abuse. It requires no
great penetration to perceive the real object
in the communication; certainly a new
court and a new clerk is wanted who can
think differently from the present incumbents,
j . - " I . i 1 .i r
in regard to otner matters oesiaes uiose oi
From my acquaintance with the members
nf the court, I have the utmost confidence
that they will in due time act ndvisedlv ami
justly in the case, and not be influenced to a
i - 'uiw orunn vj
'Uinenes' for his victims.
the impatience of
But, of one tiling.
I am sure, that I wish justice meted out
wheresoever it is due, and without doubt
the citizens of Pike eenerally wish the same,
and have every confidence that su-h will be
the case. ' Antigonus.
April 22d, 1840. .
P. S. Since writing the above, I have
been informed that the whole amount of the
income, expenditures, and appropriations
have been set up in tbe court-house for pub
lic inspection, by order of the court. A.
! The Daouerrottpe. The discoveries of
- . J . . . o
I crowd ol men ot Went, actuated by the
.noblest mot ves. are filling the c v zed
world with the results of their researches,
penetrating into the bowels of the earth.
i - . -
soarintr through inimitable space, reducing
even light to their control, and carrying their
investigations into the most secret recesses
The astonishment which filled the public,
scarcely a twelvemonth since, when it was
announced in the English and Paris papers,
that a means had been discovered of paint
ing objects through the agency of that light
alone, may be better imagined than descri
bed. Won ler was in every look; and ex
pressions of amazement on every tongue. At
first, even our most scientific men discred
ited the account; but when it was re-asserted
more explicitly, and the specimens of this
wonderful art made public, every feeling gave
way to those of wonder and delight. The
triumph of genius was even exatierxted, and
the art of engraving pronounced to be
supplanted. The plants, acted on in the
Daguerrotype, were said to be able to give
impressions upon paper; and thus the labor
of months was confined to the process of a
moment. These anticipations exist no lon
ger, or only in the eyes of visionaries: but
the wonderful results of the discovery are
still sufficient to astonish all.
The Daguerrotype we believp, has never
been described in a public print, and few.
even ot our educated citizens, undetstand
us powers. But science should not be locked
up; the day for exclusive learning has gone
tit ; and it is the boast, as it should be the
object ol the p"nny press, to bring down
n-'wleilue to the mass. We shall therefore
describe the manner in which this singular
Tue canvrn nb.vura is an early discovery.
Any one can reduce it to practice by
closinga dark room, and boring a small auger
hole in the widow shutter, when the objects
immediately opposite to the bouse will be
found beautifully painted in an inverted
picture on the wall over against the casement.
Those acquainted with the theory ofliht
and colors need no explanation of this phe
nomenon: our space will not permit us to
describe its causes to those ignorant of them.
From the camera obscura however, arose the
notion of the Daguerrotype. It was evident
t'.at i! the fleeting representation upon the
screen of the camera obscura could be
thrown upon something which would retain
the picture, a great triumph in the arts
would be achieved. It became the aim con
sequently, of men of science to discover a
metal which, while it should be acted upon
by light, should be totally unimpaired by
darkness: that is, one which would be affected
by the lights ol the camera without yielding
in any way to the shadows. This met. I
was finally discoverer": thence it was but a
step to the Dacuerrotype. It was found
that a plate of silver, covered with Jodine,
gave a lasting impression ol me camera as
if in aqua tint.
To take a picture in this
"1 . nece8sary lo PrePare the
' P"' rT,,e. t0. P. ' corn-
nb-iP08 .f,cTp,er' p,a w,lh ",,er' and .cov"
ercuri" JUU1"" ? reiUl care now'
f.ver ,s "pessary wun regard to them, as
Je n,.omenl they ""oated wiUi the Jod.ne,
and unless instantly placed in darkness.
reflect the first objects which strike their
surface. The proper method is to enclose
them in boxes, lined with dark velvet, with
a sliding door beneath by which they can
easily be dropped into the camera.
The plates being prepared, a view is to be
selected, and the lens of the camera fixed,
iThe plate as then sloped beneath the focus
"d from the ,ens however, no picture is as
The plate is removed, and placed above
boiling mercury; for the action of the fumes
upon the surface is necessary to complete
the process. Iheetlect of this is beautilul.
'As the dowdy fumes rill up along the
lace ot the silvery plate the picture starts
into life, with magic like that of a landscape
Irom which the morning mists are breaking
The process even vet is incomplete. The
'plate soon becomes tarni.-hed, turnes of a
'' if i j- .11.. r ,
uiuy yeiiow, aim iiiiany oi a oeep purple.
If. however, it is immersed insult water it
will retain its brillaincy.
The picture can be seen most clearly if
placed opposite to some dark pody, lor as
the light, whenever it falls, encrusts the
plate ;inl the shadows leave it in its original
bnlli mcv, ihe former remains silvery, while
the latter, by reflecting dark bodies, assumes
the aj pearance of a deep shadow.
No engraving can equal the delicacy
wiih which even the minutest objects are
represented by thi process. . The smallest
I wig a feathery cloud the threads ol moss
upon a tree even the tiny cob weh hamper
of a distant ship are nil represented with an
accuracy, and yet an exquisite finish, that
sets the burin at defiance. The plates,
however, enn never be made to give imprei-
sions like a steel engraving. The encrusta
tion is too shallow, fragile and fading. Be
fore the art can be carried so far it will be
necessary to discover a metal which shall
retain a firmer impression than the silver.
From his acknowledged talent, and his
knowledge of the powers of acids to act vp
on metals, we hope more from our fellow
townsman, Mr. Cornelias, than from any
one. Phila. Spirit of Times.
From the Missouri Republican.
Grot Outrage Justly Punished.
The following extract of a letter relates
the circumstances of a recent outrage com
mitted by a negro man in Washington coun
ty, and the summary punishment inflicted
by the justly indignant community:
Potosi, (Washington co, Mo.) April 1 6, '40.
Dear Sir: 1 send you the particulars of
an outrage recently comitted in this county.
The facts of the case re a negro belonging
to Mrs. , of Bellevieu, (about 7 miles
from here) run away from his msitress about
six months ago, and, after being out about
three months, was caught at the house of
Frenchman named Lago, living at what is
called the New Diggings, distant about three
miles from this place. He was then hired
out to a person in Bellevieu. He went on
peaceable until three weeks ago, when be
went to his mistress' house, and there being
no men living about the place, he demanded
what money there was in the house, and got
what there was, and then by violence and
force committed a rape on the person of bis
mistress, and took to the woods. He was
not heard of for about a week, when he went
last Sunday was a week to the house of
Mr. , and asked the way to Frederick
town, and as all the men were gone to church
a few miles off.be made an assault upon Mrs.
. He says he completed his object,
though the friends of Mrs. says he did
not He then made his brags that he did
not intend letting any woman pass with
impunity, if he had any chance. The con
sequence was great excitment, and several
fruitless attempts were made to take him,
which he managed to elude until last Mon
day, when he was taken. He was then
brought to his mistress, and she was asked
what she wished done to him, she told the
persons who had him to take him and to do
what they pleased with him. They then
appointed five persons to value him, which
they did al 300. which amount was made
up and paid to his mistress. They then
proceeded to put questions to the people
assembled, what was to be done with him,
there were about sixty, and they said with one
voice, hang him! which was done yesterday
at 1 2 o'clock, at the village of Caledonia,
(about twelve miles from here,) in the pres
ence of some three or four hundred persons.
Just before he was swung off he confessed
his crimes, and said he was instigated to
rob his mistress by the Frenchman named
La 20, that I named before, and. as the law
I would not recognize the confession of the
ne8ro' "n.a . ' m:,n J? D,D we" now
scoundrel, me people oi mis place determin
ed to lynch him, and this afternoon about 25
of us (as 1 was one) went to the New Dig
gings, and succeeded in catching the old man
and his son. They had plenty of loaded
fire-arms in the house, but we managed to
secure them and his wife, who is a real des
perado, at the same time that others secured
the man and his son. We then tied them
up and gave the old scoundrel a decent
whipping, and his son a few lashes to re
member us by, and after taking away their
fire arms, left them promising to give them
twice as much to-morrow morning at 10
o'clock, if they did not leave this part of the
country by that time, at the same time, tel
ling them we would hang thrm all if there
should be any buildings set on fire, whether
we could prove it to be them or noU
UxLAwrcL Marriage or Cocsxs. By
an act passed in 1835, 5th and, 6th, William
IV., all marriages of cousins, subsequent to
the passing of the act, are illegil, null and
void. The issues of such marriages are
considered illegitimate ; end if the father
die intestate the children are excluded from
inheriting any of his property ; or, if he
make a will, ore subject to a legacy duty of
ten per cent. How will this net affect the
Royal marriage ! The deterioration of the
offspring in all such alliances is a circum
stance quite notorious. Look at the Bour
bons, who intermarried until none were left
save fools, imbeciles and madmen. The old
Ievitical law was not made without an
object iV. World.
An honest Tar hired a horse to earrv hm
few miles, but before he had gone many
yards he found he possessed all the faults of
many of tbe unfortunate four-footed hireling
of the road, such as blindness, lameness.
stumbling, &c. The sailor, however, (hav
ing been unshipped twice with very little
ceremony in the length of half a mile, by the
creature fallmz on his knees.) hit. noon
very whimsical 'mode of curing the impedi
mentwhich was by tying a large stone to
his tail ; and in that way rode several aides,
saving "it was the only tning to prevent the;
mp grmjj io mucn oj inw nwoa.