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Pile Farm,' 24th April. 1840.
To Messrs. McCune, Booth, and others')
of tiie IV hig committee for Pike Co )
Gentlemen: Since you were at iny house,
n melancholy event hs.s occurred in our fami
ly circle, by which very considerable labor
and responsibility will devolve upon rrte, and
which, added to the reasons already made
known to you, renders it utterly impractica
ble for me to leave home next winter should
I be elected. I must therefore beg leave to
decline being a candidate for a seat in the le
gislature at the ensuing August election. a:id
in so doing, 1 hope and believe, that our c:ai
will Fus'ain no injury and that the commit
tee will find no difficulty in making another
and much better selection.
I have the honor to be Gentlemen,
Your ob't servant,
JOHN V. DAVIS.
FOR THE JOURNAL.
Give ns Light!!
Mb. Editor: Nw, lhat ihe two political
parties in this county have, by party meet
ings, nominated party candidates for the state
legislature, and for the Sheriff of the county,
the eople want light upon some matters in
dispute between the contending parties foi
power. To effect this desirable object, so
that every voter may have an opportunity
to vote an brslaaiingly, it is. respectfully sug
gested that some suitable arrangement be
made by which, the candidates, and other
who think proper to do so, may have n
timely opportunity of addressing the voter
of each Tow nship in ihe county, in prrsun
on the various subjects which now divide the
two great parties in politics. This sugges
tion is made at the request of
FOR THE JOURNAL.
Mr. Editor It was stated in a communi
cation which appeared in the Journal' of
the 8th of February last, over the signature
of A Working Man," that the number of
banks in the United States at the time Presi
dent Jackson ze'oei the bank bill p issed by
congress. in 1832, was 44 near 800." In two
subsequent numbers of the Journal, the
public were favored with two labored arti
cles in reply to 44 A Working Man," over
the very appropriate signature of u Huge
PavcT In the first of these articles, tne
writer, has given
iproolosUireof his vitiated
taste in the use
ot language suited only loofferi a reward of S 200 f r bis nP;.iehen-
the taste ot a common oujjoon. And he has
been equally distinguished throughout the
whole c urse of his siily e (Torts to mislead
the public mind by round assertions, which
cannot be sustained by any well authentica
ted record evidence.
"Huge Paw," says the number of banks in
the United States, at ihe time of the veto in
1832, was not much over 400!" And fur
ther adds the unqualified assertion, that in
ihe year 1837, the number of banks in the
TTmlA1 Kt'jlArf 1i.l nt.t prrAo.l Cl.f A n.l
M.Cu ...3 .u.-uu uj "o-lt3i j
with the loither assertion, that "tlu-i k nut
" . " c. i .
at this time, 900 banks. Stick a pin there
' Mr. Huge Paw? And now for the . facts
the highest and best authority in the land
In Vanznnt's and Waltersons st itistical ta
bles, published in Washington city in 1 833, at
page wo nenumoeroi banks in the u...ted
States at the time of the hank rcf. in 11532
given at Grt-ezcUsive of those banks trier,
m existence in me siaies oi jveniucHy,
sissippi, Indiana, Illinois and the territory of
Florida ! And in the report of the Secreta
ry of the treasury, made to the United Stales
Senate on the 8lh of January, 1810, the num
ber of banks at that time, is stated to have
been 959! stick anotlier pin tliere, Mr. uHuge
Paw.1' And now for results which were
produced under the operations of the great
44 regulator of the currency.
It will le recollected by those who were
living witnesses at the time of the establish
ment of tne miscalled bank of the U. States,
by congress, in 1816, every species of pro
duce raised by the farmers, was in ready de
mand at fair prices in specie. But mark ttie
general ruin, and low prices given for all
kinds of produce in ihe year 1819 being
the third vear only, of the cieat retnilator
of the currency.' Cotton, the staple product
of the southern states, was reduced from 34
to 10 cents per pound. Corn, was reduced
to 8 and 10 cents a bushel. Wheat, fell in
price as low as 25 cents per bushel; and
Flour, in the states of Kentucky, O.iio and
Indiana, was sold as low as three dollars per
barrel ; and in Pittsburgh, it sold ns I iw as
one dollar per barrel! Horses, cattle, and
pork, sold in those states above mentioned at
corresponding low prices. This is but a
faint picture of the hardners of the times"
which was seen and felt uuder the reign of
the United States bank, nine long years be
fore Genl. Jackson filled the presidential
chair ! ! Then there was no blame attached
to the administration, for the 44 hardness of
the times" which was felt by all classes of
our citizens in every portion of the country,
But now. the first thing we hear from a Fede
ral "Whig" merchant, trading upon borrowed
capital, is the cry oi "tiara nms, and a curse
pronounced upon the administration of his
country. If we see a dashing dandy, with
imld watch and safety chain, and cold fin
or rings set with the most costly diamonds.
and a gold-headed rattan in his hand, our
arr are s!utd with the cry of hard times,'
and a cure pronounced Ujon tl.e administra
Fur years past, the bank party have been
loud and unceasing in their abuse of the
notes of the state banks, as a thin plaster
currency? not to be relied on as a safe cir
culating 'medium ; and many i the Honest
democrats, have been led t. believe that, if j
a United States bank should be established
by congress, the notes of the state batiks,
would instantly disappear. A' w, what did
Mr. Clay, the great head and loader of the
bank pirty, say on t:iis subject in his I te
speech against the independent treasury ?
M r. Clay said our banking rylem will only
fe af 'rvd complete, tchm ire shall have both
j a bark of t e United States, and state banks!!
i i:us we ate now told in plain terms by
Henry Clay himself, that the banking system
cannot be rendered 44 safe and compVtc,"
without 44 both a bank of the Unite I Suite
and slate banks." And the united influence
of the 959 local banks, and of the advocates
of a United Sta'es bank, is lo be brought to
operate in favor of old Mr. Harris u for the
presidency in November next! This is go
ing the 44 whole hog" tail and all!! Under
this "safe and complete" banking system
advocated by Mr. Clay, one paper dollar, i
to 44 regulate" another paper dollar; as the
whole banking system ulitther state or na
fional, is founded on a system of promises lo
pay. In the bill to establish an independent
treasury, it is proposed to divorce ihe gene
ral government from the banks, and to col
lect the public revenue in gold and silver, the
only "currency" recognized by the ronsiitu
tion of the country, which was framed by
some of the w isest men. and purest patriots,
hat ever lived. Iet the public revenue be
once collected in gold and silver onty. and
then, the government, would be compelled
m pay all the puhlic does, in the ame con
stitutional currency. This ptinciple onc
put into operation, would be lound to act as
an efficient "regulator" of the banking ope
rations of the count y, and would keep in
ronstnnt circulation an amount of specie suf
ficiently large for nil the oulinary business
transactions among all classes of our citizens,
which would naturally tend to produce moie
uniform prices in the stle of the surplus pr.
duct of tiie countrv. A Wohkisc: Man.
From the Richmon I Compiler.
For some days much exciluicQt has pre
vailed in our city in consequence of ihe sud
dent disappearance of Win. I). D.tbney, First
Teller in the Bank of Virginia, and the cir
culation of a variety of rumors is o the
cause of his disappearance. We forbore
to notice them because of their vague char
acter. But an examination bv a committee
Lhe Oove,nr ias issued ' a prod tmation I
iflering a reward of 200 f r bis np-ut ben-
sion, and the Bank has appended an addi
tional reward of $3000.
The proclamation charges tint he has
feloniously embezzled a considerable amount i
of the funds of the B ink entrusted to his care,
snd the Bank notice sncrihYs that he has j
embezzled a large amount ot money in bank
There are a variety nf minors yet in
circulation relative to the amount cmbezz'ed.
The nflVr;g inf(,, Pn.,gh. and ha
.... 1 !
deeply distressed manv ol our it.ens. .Mr.
I),hnev up to ihe time t-riiw disappearance
. " 1 ., ...i.i:
Dore a spotless reputation. . -m i mmman'ieu
the wan MU(,m f wh(, v , , w ,(i.n ,
raia orconnections is ex'ensire an I of great
He left last Friday, and went as fir as!m,r to the traveller, wh mav pa-s over t! e
Taylorsville on the Richmond an I Freder-
edpJ WPStv,nrJy. u had been f,r
Lvn VP;irs First Teller in the Bank, and
Lnj the .nos, perfert confidence of the
D.torv and officers of the institution.
An official expose will pohalv, in a d ay
or so, as soon as all the facts aie asceitained.
place the country in jMissesi.in of all that
can be known at present. V e be'i -ve the
deficit is now known to be between 400 and
OsuKfio, Jan. 3f, 1840.
To the Hon. William H. Harrison.
Df-arSir In accordance with n resolu
tion of th- Union Association of Oswego, I
am instructed to propose three questions to
you, in relation to subjects that a largn por
tion ftf this section of the country feel a
deep in erest in. The first i
Are you in l ivorol receiving an i reterring
petitions (or the immediate abolition oi si.ive
ry in the District ot Columbia i
2d. Are you in lavor ol a uniteu siaies
bank, or some institution siunlai to that, lor
the safe keeping and disbursing of the public
moneys, and for giving a uniform curre.tcy
throughout the United States !
And lastly Would you favor the passage
of a General Bankrupt Law, by Congress
so that its operations might be equal in all
the states of the Uuion T
I have only to say, sir, lhat the above in-
qtiines are m ule in accordance wim me
unanimous wishes oi ims a'sociauon, me
members of which, I am instructed to say.
entertain the highest regard lor your past
services, and hope, should you be elected to
the high office for whicli you are nominated,
that nothing may occur to lessen you in the
estimation of a great and free people.
1 am, sir.
Respectfully, vour obedient servant,
fii T?o iivpniiiri'S'S
Cincinnati, Feb. 29, 1840.
Oswego Union Association.
Gentlemen Your letter rf the 3 1st ult.
addressed to Gen nil Harrison, has been
placed in our possession with a view to early
attention. This is unavoidable, in conse
quence of the very unmerous letters daily
re ived bv the General, and to which his
reply in person is rendered absolutely im
practicable. As from his confidential com-
mitlee, vou will look upon this response; and
if ."he policy observed by the commute
ctiiiiiiii rtjii nioui uirn vnor nnorouauoii. vim
will attribute the cr.or rather to ourselves'
and his iniiiieili ite advisers, than to General
Harrison. The policy is, that the General
make no further declaration of this principles,
for the public eye, whilst occupying his pres
Such course has been adopted, not for
purixise of concealment, nor to avoid all
proper responsmi.it v ; but under me n-pres-, ,y several senator, was engrossed for a third
s.ou that tf... oenei .l-s in M-ga.d ! !.,; ,. Mr. Buchanan, from the committee
ad tt.r lupirt-m an. I exciting questions ! , . ' , . , , . .
the day, iLvo heretofore been given to l!.ejon fre'2r relat..,s. reported the resolutions
mi Wlii f.inikiir.l with runs ittiiii;i I or oth- submitted bv Mr. C lii-ain in reference to
er question ol general interest, have under
! gone no charge. The committee are strength-
ened in regard to the propriety ol this po'iev,
Kit nr. nmii l l'MH Im m.i.la In lh nuftllf
from the consideration, that the national !
convention deemed it impolitic at the then
crisis, to publish any general declaration f
fie view of the .great opposition party, and
certainty the policy' at the present remains j
un Jtered. In the mean time we cannot
help expressing ihe hope, that our friends,
every where, will receive the nomination of
General Harrison with something akin to
renerous confidence. When we reflect
upon the distinguished intelligence of the
nominating conveniion how ably nil inter
ests were represntcd in that body, we cer
tainly have a high guaranty, that should Gen
eral Hr:ison be the successful candid ite
for the presidency, that office will be happily
and ctms'itiitionally adimnisfre I, and under
iIih guidance of the sa.no principles which
direcud our Washington, Jefferson and
Madison. Believing you will concur with us
in the ;ir.-priety of the policy adopted, we
hive pleasure in subscribing ourselves.
J. C. WRIGHT.
o. m. spi:nci:r.
H. F.. Spencer, Cr. Sec'ry.
The it i!uiittee aie nw publishing in
pamphlet form many of the former expressed
! inions of the General, and facts and inci
dnwcoutiei led with his past life, which will
be forwarded to you at an early moment.
Iron ano Missouri. Iron is to make Mis
souri more wealthy and powerful, thin she
would be if the lul's of the Mrriticic nn f
,,,.1 1. The use ol tins ai'icle hi 1 i!t.- value
i ihe L're.-.t tiggn.-ultural interest of our
country, will iifke it sought for. It will
employ thoustnds in i's inanuf ictory, anil
wherever it is lo be obtained, there will
throng the multitud-' of the laltoiing class of
societ v, the h me and sinew of the land.
Wiiere gold has lieen fuind in abundance.
the ireasutes which are to be dug from the
earth by husbandman, have gone unnoticed;
rnd the elegant cmforts of life have never
leen enjoyed. But man has depended on
1.: ..I .r tt.A a.tnitlir e( tii lirnnta. nnrt
ns one tins itHied as the horse, who least-
c, n t,c oats of gilt,
He, who will visit the banks of th Merri
mac in twenty years, will see the landsnte
enlivened by the towns and villiages. and filiy
years will exhibit a scene tlw most encii.tr-
pr.-'iries of the west,
Farms at every step
ill wave the yellow harvest, and orchards
with golden fruit will blush between, while
millions o a hard j, free lnrn race will lie
found cultivating and enji'Vin" the bounties
of the erntii. Contrast t!.e present condi
i1 of Mexico wild that of ti.e Mississippi
V .lley. G ild h.ts tendered that rople indo
lent sind worthies--, notwithstanding their soil
is of great fertilii v ; while irtci and agricul
ture hive made us. i people rich in resources,
great in commerce and jiowerful in the field.
Within the short space of six months, three
of the states of the Mississippi Valley could
overran all Mexi.-o, and put her people, il
they choose, in bondage, or push them into
the pacific, and their gold would only pur
chase their destruction.
After all the ado about gold, the iron of
commerce and ihe steel of war is the suppott
of the delivery of any country. When the
Gauli he'd the" Roman capital, the steel of
the noble CamiMus was her deliverance ; and
t like the stern old Koman. we should make
this invaluable metal our anchor ; and witn
it the ship of State will be staid, amid the
storms and tempests of politicial fury, and
ri.lH nnon the hi low with an imperious con-
si-iou-ness ol power and sirengin compared
only to the majesty of ihe occasion itself.
' - - i
It Missouri carry out her plans in ma
king navigable the streams that hold on their
banks this invaluable treasure, ami sue win
not onlv be wealthy but powerful. Men ol
forecast are beholding these things, and al
ready towns are sell.ng out on the Merrimac
and other streams, and those who purchase,
and those who sell will become rich. Com
Wm. Surtf.ks, E'ft. Extract of a letter
from a Cincinnati gentleman now in Paiis,
dated March 6 :
44 1 met with a singular pd venture to-day;
walking down the Boulevards, whom should
I meet with but Win. Surtees, Esq, the ci
devant cashier of the Mechanics and Tra
ders Bank, Cincinnati. He told me that
the newspapers had fabricated many lies
about him, and that he was the injured
man ! &c He Iivs at Versailles,
SATURDAY, MAY 2, 1840.
Cokgress. On the 1 3th Mr. Linn gave
notice that he should introduce a bill for mar
king the southern boundary of the territory
of Iowa; and a bill extending the laws of the
Uni'ed States over the territory of Oregon.
The bill to renew act of Miy 2G, 1824, eua-
Sling claimants of land within the limits of
Mks'juri and Arkansas, to institute proceed
ings u try the validity of their rliims. and
extending the provisions of said act to claim-j
ants of land within the states of Louisiana
and Mississippi, after undergoing discussion
the negrx-s li'.erated by the authorities of the
Island ol" Be'.iin 1 1, from the brigs Comet,
Cnterpiise and Encomium, which were prin-
"n made the ordei of the day for Wed
In ihe House on the same day, the civil
and diplomatic appropriation bill ccupied the
greater portion of the day.
Numerous jetitions in favor of the passage
of a bankrupt law were presented in both
England at war with China. B the
latest advices from the East Indies, the go
vernor general of India had declared war
against China, in the name of the Bri.ish gov
ernment. Great military preparations were
making, and a force ol I G.IO'J men were rea
dy to embark against Canton. The Empe
ror had prohibited ll.e importation of all Bri
tish goods, and the trade between the tvo
countries was at an end. The Ameiicans
still continued their trade unmolested.
The astounding deblcution of the first tel
ler of the bank ol Virginia, has struck anoth
er blow at the confidence which should cha
racterize man, in his intercourse with his fel
low. For years this mn has enjoyed the
esteem and respect of all who knew him,
and his reputation, for integrity and honesty,
was as spotless as that of any other citizen ol
the state. His connexion were influential
and extensive, his demeanour popular, and
hi conduct had gtined for him the unlimited
confidence of the Directory of the Institution
of which he had been for years an active and
efficient officer. To see such men yield to
temptation, and forgetting their obligations
to themselves and society, wander from the
path of virtue and honesty, strikes the mind
w ith alarm and astonishment, and fills us w ith
fearful misgivings of the corruption of the
times. The loss which the institution may
sustain, amounting it is supposed to more
than a half million of do'lars, is of no mo
ment when compared wi'h ihe spirit of dii
trust it tends to excite, and the suspicion it
will engender among men in their transac
tions with each other. The effect of a soli
tary c;ise of this sort, may be counteracted
b ihe Mnnding and long tried integrity ol
many who may be held upas examples to so-
cietv; but il.ev crowd in up tn us in such
quick succession, that we have scarcely reco
vered from the shock which is produced by
one, nefore a second is announced. It is but
a short ti ne since, that the cashier of a
anking institution in Philadelphia, high in
the esteem of bis fellow citizens, stooped to,
a fraud of a similar character, and snread
and alarm among a confiding
Community. Confidence may well be dis
mayed, and look with a timid and suspicious
glance on all around her, when such men
fall from their high estate.
Several elections have taken place in dif
ferent parts of the union within the last
mouth, which give some indications how the
wind blows. New Hampshire has elected a
Democratic Governor by 9000 majority; be
ing a gain since the last election. Connec
ticut has gone for the Whigs by an increased
maiority of about 4000. In the city of New
York, the administration have elected their
Mayor by 1400 majority.
It is stated in some of ou? exchange papers
that, Mrs. Crocket, hus received the letter,
which was spoken of in the article we pub
lished a week or two since, and which co-
roboruts tiie statement ol the writer that
44 Davy" is in one of the mines of Mexicol
His son, the Hon.-.John Crocket, it is said,
has started to' Mexico, with the view of re
storing him to f reedom. The whole story
We learn from lite St. Ixuis Republican,
lhat the steamboat Bedford struck a snag,
near the mouth of Missouri river, about six
o'clock on Saturday evening last, and filled
immediately. She sunk in about 2 minutes;
and it was with great difficulty that the pas
sengers saved themselves. It is believed
that 12 or 1 4 were unable to reach the shore.
Boat and carge a tetal loss. '
James Finley, Esq. has been "nominated '-vjf
as the Whig candidate for theCSeAate, from2 -
ine district composed oi tne counties of Lia- J V
coin and Montgomery.:,
wM.kV.9 my iciioas ior
aesmnga war wimtfcrjgland says, it will -
uiuuumuiuio new suppiy oi (residential V
candidates, the stock on hand being nearly
exhausted. " " --T ' -: - ..
James G. Berney hat been nominated by
the Abolition Convention lately held in New .
York, as the candidate of that party, for theM
Presidency. .Six states were represented in
the conventfon. -, . " f. j.
Detroctivk Fire. A fire broke out on
the Uth inst. in Washington City, which ' "
consumed the Printing Office of the Madiso
nian and Democratic Review, with all the
materials and the extensive stationary estab
lishment of Langtree &. CSullivan, contrac
tors for furnishing stationary to Congress. A
large portion or Madison's works, which they
had just issued from the press, were also de-
Col. John Glover of Lewis, is the Whig
candidate for the senate, from the district
composed of the counties, Ralls, Marion,
Iwis and Clark. Maj. Mc Daniel runs on
the Democratic ticket,
A Mr. Wm. T. Coujbmd committed sui
cide near St. Louis, on the 25th inst. He
has left a large family to deplore hij loss.
Rhode Island has pone for the Harrison
men, by an increased Whig majority.
63r We are authorized to announce JAS.
E. GLENN, as a candidate for re-election
to the office of Constable, for Buffalo Town
The following table will be found handy
as a matter of reference. - It has been com
plied with great care, and is believed to be
States. State Eire' ion. Prenl n'ial Elec.
Rhode Island, April 15
N. Carolina, in August
''Vermont, September 1
Maine, 44 14
Georgia, October 5
Man-land, 44 7
Booth Carolina, - 44 12
Pennsylvania, 44 13
Ohio, 44 13
N. Y. Nov. 23 & 24
New Jersey, 3 & 4
Michigan, 44 2
Aikansr-s. 44 2
Massachusetts 44 9
Delaware, 44 10
Those States marked with a star, choose
mrmbers of Congress on the same day that
Siete officers are chosen.
The Electors meet at the capitols of the
respective states in which they are chosen,
on the second day of December, and give in
iheir ballots for President and Vice Presi
dents. Boston Democrat.
At his residence in Lincoln county, on the
23d int., Nicholas Lewis, Esq., after a long
and painful iMnes of several months.
rt The funeral sermon of Mrs. Caroline
p. S trothf.r, will be preached by the Rev.
Mr. Dole, at Mr. Bayste's, to-morrow, at 1 1
'(KrThe lutieral sermon of Mr. Eowin B.
Tinker, will be preacled by the Rev. J. W.
Campbell, on the 3d Sabbath in May, at th
house of his Father, Dr. Tinker, in this
In the New Oi leans Picayune we find
the following impoitant record; which we
submit to the attention of the curious:
A man by the name of Antiespy is lectu
ring in Glasgow upon a new theory of check
ing thunder showers and driving away rain.
In Persia a mineral has been discovered
possessing the singular property of making
people pay their newspaper subscriptions.
We have written for a supply of this com
modity, and when we receive it we shall no
longer insist urjon Davment in advance.
. . . . ... io
Paris, by which blanks in lotteries are anni
hilated, and all tickets must infallibly draw
capital priz-s. The price charged for this
wonderlul detector is fifty per cent, more
.1 -;! .-
man tne nignesi prize.
A Scotchman projioses an - apparatus, the
use or which entirely does away with the
ncpait nf ntinrr Rir an inTpninilS transfer .
of vanity to a different part of the body, he
causes the stomach instead of the brain to be
inflated, and a man can now fancy his stomach t
- - . - - - j o
i well m m wrirt na useti io ueiwve iuv
same of bis head. ... n ' '.".' i
Down east Yankee has thrown tne v
Daguerreotvpe into the shade by n artificial "
. .. -.L!.ill k;, ..4
i l n wmrn nKcaiiiu iwui iui ujiij
takes likenesses at night, . '