Newspaper Page Text
A. II. BUCKNER, Editor and Proprietor.
"POWER IS EVER STEALING I'VLPX THE MAN IT TO THE JEW.
G. B. PRICE, Pcmjshiiu
VOL. 7 NUMBER 42.
BOWLING-GREEN, MO. SATURDAY, AUGUST 1, 1840.
WHOLE NUMBER 354.:
TERMS $3 50 if paid within three month
83 00 if paid during the year.
S3 50 if not paid during- the rear.
Subscriber mar diaconlinne their papers at any time
by paying for the time they hare received them, nrrj
Those who euhscribe for a year, and do not at the
time of subscribing, order discontinuance at the and
of it, will be considered subscribers until they order the
paper to be stopped, and pay all arrearages.
$1 00 per aqnare.for 13 lines or less, tor the first inaer.
tion, and su cents tor each continuance.
. (7 Advertisements mast be marked with the number
of insertions that are reqaested; otherwise, they rill be
continued till forbid, and charred accordingly. No
variation from these rataa in any ease.
Advertisements from a distance, and from persons
with whom we hare no current accounts, mnst be ac
companied by the cash, or some responsible reference'
All letters addressed to the editors, most be roar ratr.
or they will not be attended to.
Communications of a Personal Character, will be
charged double the rates of advertising.
Gen. Harrison's AT. Y. Letter.
F rom the N. Y. Evening Post.
The committee of the New York legisla
ture have at length published General Har
rison's letter. Of course the public will ex
pect in it an express declaration of his opin
ions on the political questions of the time.
The writer has himself referred to it with
great formality as containing something im
portant for the public to know, and the com
mittee themselves have been looking at it
and studying it for six weeks before promul
gating it in the journals. The Express
newspaper, in laying it netore the pujiic,
says: " There can now be no pretext for the
charge of concealment of principles against
General Harrison," and another whig print
uses these words: "the letter U frank, full
and explicit." Of course then, said we to
ourselves, as we took up the letter, we shall
learn what the Hero of Tippecanoe thinks
ot an Independent Treasury; we shall be;
allowed to know what lie thinks of the
question of a protective tariff which is now
revived, what are his opinions on that new
matter of contention the bankrupt law,
whether he is for a national bank, what he
says to the plan of taking the fifty state
banks into partnership with the government,
whether he would have the general govern
ment pay the debts of the states, what are
his views on the internal improvement ques
ti on, Jind how he regard the proposal to
abolish slavery in the District of Columbia,
including perhaps, also, a variety of colateral
questions. How well our expectations were
aswered the reader will see for himself, for
here we present them with General Harri
son's letter along with that to which it is an
Ai.bnt, 28th February, 1040.
Sin: On 'lehalf of the Whig members of
the Legislature, being a majority of both the
Senate and the House of Assembly, the un
dersigned have the honor to transmit to you
the enclosed resolutions prepared by us and
passed with perfect unanimity and the most
enthusiastic feeling by those members, at a
meeting held on Saturday last, being the an
niversary of Washington's birth day.
We have also the honor to transmit to you
a paper containing a report in full of the
speeches and proceedings, at the meeting.
We have the fullest confidence that in the
views there expressed as to the character
and policy of the present Administration, as
well as in the tributes paid to your own
character and public services, and to those
of the distinguished citizen associated with
you in the Harrisburg nomination, we have
given utterance not only to ourown feelings
and convictions, but to those of a large ma
jority of the people of this state.
We are with high respect,
Your friends and fellow-citizens,
G. C. Verplanck,
Of the Senate.
a E. Clark,
Peter B. Porter,
D. B. St. John,
(Gen. Wm. Henrt
North Bekd, O. May 12, 1840.
Gentlemen: I have the honor to acknowl
edge the receipt of your letter of the 25th
February, conveying the proceedings of a
meeting of the whig members of the legisla
ture, convened in the capitol of the State on
the 22d of that month.
I beg you to believe, gentlemen, that I am
deeply impressed with the honor which has
been conferred upon me by the distinguished
body, whom on this occasion you represent.
The great object both my civil and military
life has been to serve my country to the ut
most of my abilities, and to obtain its appro
bation. The hope of this has often cheered
me ia circumstances of great difficulty and
You will pardon me I trust, if in this let
ter 1 go somewhat beyond the mere purpose,
.of acknowledging the receipt of your com
munication, and use the occasion for ma
ling a few remarks, which circumstances
eeni!to require from, me, in respect to a dec
laration of opinions, or pledges, as to my fu
ture conduct, required of candidates for high
Jly public life, net now a short one, is be.
fore the county. My ftnon, 0B mPrtant
subjects, have been expressed from time to
time, as those subjects have arisen, and since
my name has been mentioned among those
irom whom a selection might be made for!
the office of President, 1 have in several let-
ters to friends, fully and frankly avowed my
sentiments. Farther than this, I cannot sup
pose intelligent persons could desire me to
go. i ne people ot this country do not rely
on professions, promises and pledges. 1 hey
know, that if a candidate is unprincipled he
will not scruple to give any pledge that may
oe required ot him, and as little will he hesi
tate to violate it. I have already made
public the principles by which I should be
governed if elected President, so far as re
lates to the proper Executive duties of that
office. But almost innumerable applications
have been to made me, for opinions relative
to matters of legislation, or even to the pro
per mode of conducting business in the two
houses of Congress. My published letters
to Mr. Williams and Mr. Dcnne, will show,
that I do not consider the President a con
stituent branch of the Legislature; yet it is
impossible to read the letters that have been
addressed to me, without believing that ma
ny of the wi iters had adopted the opinion,
the Presidential office was the proper source
and origin of all the legislation of the coun
try; an opinion, in my judgment, at war
with every principle of the constitution,
and of deep and dangerous consequence.
The prevalence ot such sentiments, more
than almost every thing else, would tend to
consolidate the whole substantial povcrof
the government in the hands of a single
man; a tendency which, whether in or out
of office, I feel it my most solemn duty to
1 have declined therefore to give any fur
ther pledges or opinions on subjects which
belong to the future legislation of Congress,
1st. I conceive for the reasons given in
my letters to Mr. Williams and Mr. Denny,
that congress should be left as much as pos
sible untrammeled by executive influence in
the discharge of its legislative functions; and
that a better guarantee for the correct con
duct of Chief Magistrate may oe found in
his character and the course of his former
life, than in pledges and opinions given dur
ing the pendency of a doubtful contest; and
that, although recognizing the right of the
people to be informed of the leading political
opinions of the candidates for office or trust,
yet as it regards the subjects upon which
the Legislature may be called to act, the
pledges and opinions should be required, if
requied at all, of the candidates for congress.
2.1. Because, the habit of considering a
single individual as the source from which
all the measures of government should ema
nate, is degrading to a republic, and of the
most dangerous tendency.
3d. Because, upon all the questions in re
gard to which under any circumstances, it
would be at all proper for me to make an
swers, my sentiments have already been
fully and clearly given to the public, in a
manner to entitle them to credence, as
I conceive that no honest man would sutler
his fiieuds to publish documents in his name
which were not genuine, or contracting opin
ions which he was not then willing to en
dorse. Accept, gentlemen, the assurance
of tr.y high regard
W. H. HARRISON.
Messrs. Verplanck, Icc, Maynard, Duer,
Clark, Porter, St. John, and Hubbard.
Admirably, "Irank, lull and explicit, wc
admit. The letter frankly proclaims that
the candidates will make no revelation of his
opinions, is full to the point that he has no
thing to say, and most explicitly gives the
people to understand, that although he re
cognizes their right to ask questions, yet he
has no idea of answering them. In short, he
meets all the great questions, concerning
which the people desire to know his opinion,
with a most frank, full and explicit silence.
His answer is as frank, full and explicit, as if
he had replied in so many words that his
opinions are best known to himself.
Again, as the Express itself very justly
says, there is "no concealment of princi
ples" here. On the contrary, he frankly de
clares, as his leading principles, that the bu
siness of a candidate for the presidency is
to keep his principles to himself. "Mum's
the word," with the man who properly un
derstands the duties of: such a position. You
worm no secrets out of him by asking him
what the Scotch call "pawky questions."
He is as close as an oyster.
For only consider the mischief which
such a man might do, if he were to open his
mouth and proclaim his opinions. The le
gislature of the nation, according to General
Harrison, would then be the mere creatures
of executive influence; they would follow
his lead like a flock of sheep; they would
shape all the laws according to his dictation.
General Harrison is determined that no
charge of this kind shall be brought against
his administration. He will generously leave
Congress "untrammeled by executive influ
ence." He will magnanimously permit them
to do exactly as they think proper. He will
not lead them by the nose, as he might do
without the least trouble. He will not, by
disclosing his own opinions, make himself "the
source from which all theHneasures of the
government emanate. Knowing as he does
, that congress would make the opinions ol
so very wise a man the sole rule of their con-
duct. He might, it is true, make a few gen
eral flourishes when it was eeartain that no
practical application could be made of them,
but "in regard to all subjects upon wh'ch the
legislature may be called to act," in other
words, in all cases where it could be of the
least consequence to know his opinions, he
tells us he would not decLVe them. For a
member of congress to publish his views on
such matters may be very proper, but not for
a candidate who is canvassing lor rresiden
cy. It is his business when interrogated to
look wise and keep a close mouth. In short,
according to Harrison's doctrine, the Presi
dent of the United States is to be a kind of
dummy, whose business is merely to 6ign the
bills passed by both houses.
Such arc General Harrison's " principles,"'
concerning which he is so "frank, full and ex
plicit." We hope they satisfy our readers.
They are an admirable summary kof his views
on the questions of banking, tariffs, aboli
tion, state debts, bankrupt laws, internal im
provements, &c &c. They might be com
pressed into this short phrase, addressed to
all those impertinent people who are curious
to know what he thinks on these matters
"Gentlemen, it is none of your business."
Good axii bad news. Bad news weakens
the action of the heart, oppresses the lungs,
destroys the appetite, stops digcs'.ion, and
partially . suspends all the functions of the
system. An emotion of shame flushes the
face; fear blanches it, joy illuminates it; and
an instant thrill electrifies a million of nerves.
Supprise spurs the pulse into a gallop.
Delirium infuses great energy. Volition
commands, and hundreds of muscles spring
to execute. Powerful emotion kills the body
at a stroke; Chilo, Diagoras, and Sophocles,
died of joy at the Grecian games. The news
of a defeat killed Philip V. One of the popes
died ofan emotion of the ludicrous on seeing
his pet monkey robed in pnntihciaK occupy
inn inc cuairoi oiaic. .uuiev .tioiocu was
carried upon the field of battle, in the last
stages ofan incurable disease: upon seeing
his army give way, lie rallied his panic-stricken
troops, rolled back the tide of I attle.
shouted victory, and died. The door keeper
of Congress expired upon hearing of the sur
render ol lorn Walli. Lmiacnt public
speakers have often died in the miJsl ofan
impassioned burst of eloquence, or when the
deep emotion that produced it had suddenly
expired. Lagrave the young Parisian, died
a few months since, when he heard that the
musical prize for which he had competed, was
adjudged to another. Hie recent case of
Hill, of New York, is fresh in the memory of
all. lie was apprehended lor the t. taken
before the police; and, though in perfect
health, mental agony forced the blood from
his nostrils, and he was taken out and
died. Education il Mttgu-.itir.
Ai.armiso! The bachelors of Texas, Salt
River, the Dubuque Mines and Iowa, should
send an immediate deputation to I .o well,
Mass. The factory girls must be ready, in
these hard times, to emigrate any where for
good homes and good husbands. The Low
ell Courier publishes the census of that city,
as lately taken under the law or the State.
It exhibits a population of 20,931, of whom
7,341 are males, and 13,010 females.
Amp Yurk Star.
Childhood is like a mirror, catching and
reflecting images from all around it. Re
member that an impious or profane thought,
uttered by a parent's lip, may operate on a
young heart like a careless spray of water
thrown upon a polished steel, staining it with
rust which no after scouring can efface.
Anecdote of a Goose. At the flour mills
of Tubberakeena, near Clonmcl, while in the
possession of the late Mr. Newbold, there
was a goose which, by some accident, was
left solitary, without male, offspring, gander
or goslins. Now it happened, as in com
mon, that the miller's wife had set a number
of duck eggs under a hen, which, in due
time, were incupatcd, and, of course, the
ducklings, as soon as they came forth ran
with natural instinct to the water, and the
hen was in a sad packer, her maternity urging
her to follow the brood, and her selfishness
disposing her to stay on dry land. In the
meanwhile, up sailed the goose, and, with a
noisy gabble, which certainly (being inter
perted) meant leave them to my care she
swam up and down with the ducklings; and,
when they were tired with their aquatic ex
cursion, she consigned them to the care of the
hen. The next morning, down came tin
ducklings to the pond,and there was the goose
waiting for them. And there stood the hen
in her great frustration. On this occasion, we
are not at all sure that the goose invited the
hen, observing her maternal trouble, but it is
a fact, that she being near the shore, the hen
jumped on her back, nnd there sat, the duck,
lings swimming, and the goose and the hen
after them up and down tne pond. And this
was not a solitary event; day after day, the
hen was seen on board the goose, attending
the ducklings up and down, in perfect con-
. tentedness and good humor, numbers of peo-
i pie coming to witness tne circumstance, wnicn
continued until the ducklings coming to days
of discretion, required no longer the joint
guardianship of the goose and the hen.
Man Sometimes A Vegetable. The a
musing "Georgia Lawyer," (no less a per
sonage than the HoA. Judge Charlton, Mayor
of Savannah) in the last Knickerbocker,
gives the following anecdote, in proof of his
position, that man is sometimes nothing more
than a vegetable.
Two friends, and brother lawyers of mine,
were travelling, some years since, on the
circuit.' There route led them across the
sandy hills that form the northern boundry of
the Alatamaha, one of the noble rivers pi
our beautiful state. These hills, or ridges,
however, are as barren and desolate as Arabia
Petrar. You might plant a Yankee there,
and he would not grow! rerhaps. alter this
assertion, it would be 'surplusage to say,
that no effort of industry or ingenuity could
coax a blade of grass to rear its head above
the sterile soil. It was a rainy, gloomy day,
and after travelling for some time without
encountering any signs of human life, their
hearts were cheered by the sight of the 'smoke
that so gracefully cuiled,'and they knew,
forthwith, that a cottage was near.' And
sure enough there was. A clumsy, ill-shapen
log hut, with interstices, or to speak more
classically, chinks' wide enough to throw a
sizeable bear through.
My friends dismounted and entered.' A
tire ot pine wood, or 'light wood, as it is
technically called, in the clay chimney. In
one corner of the fire place were hunddled a
baker's dozen of 'yellow complected, brats.
A tall, gaunt female; with long uncombed
treses, or bunches of coarse red hair, was
seated upon the floor; while in front of the
fire, and occupying the only stool in the hov
el, sat the 'lord of the soil, shivering under
the malign influence of a tertian ague.
'Good morning, my friend, said one of the
visitors, who is celebrated for his politeness
Morning !'was the laconic and echo-like
reply. (I believe that is an incorrect ex
pression. Echo, like a woman, always gives
the last word.)
'Fine situation you have hered resumed
my brother attorney.
'Fine h 11 !' responded the host; 'what's
it fine forf
Why I should suppose you would have
good sport here, in hunting.'
Then you'd suppose a d n lie! You
can't hunt, 'cepting you got something to hunt
at, kin you?
No; that's a very clear case; I thought,
however, that so near the river, there would
be plenty ol deer. Still, if it is not a good
hunting-ground, it is a fine place for raising
It is, is it? S'posin' the cattle gels in the
swamp, and the d d river rises pon 'em,
and the cursed fools lon,t gel out of the way,
but get drowned: How you gwme to raise
'em them, eh ?'
That is certainly very bad,' continued my
indefatigable friend; 'but there is one comfort
left to you. If you have not the riches soil,
nor the besthunting-ground, nor the greenest
paturage, you have what is better than the
monarch's diadem, or the highest niche in the
temptle of Fame; you have health.
The h II I have, stranger! Don't you see
them yaller complected critters in the cor
ner there? Them's got health, 'aint they?
The old women there has got it, aint she?
And look at me, with this cu'sed ager shak
ing my bones into a jelly! You call that
health, don't youT
Look here, my friend, exclaimed my bro
ther chip, 'answer me this question, and I
won't ask you another. If you can't get any
thing to grow here, and nothing to hunt; if
all youa cattle drown, and vour family are
all the while sick; why, in the name of com
mon sense, do you not up sticks and offf
Why do you stay here?
'Oh, cause the light-wood knots are so 'ma
Gentle reader! look me steadfastly in the
face. Upon your honor, as a gentleman, (or
lad)-,) do you believe that was an animal?
Do you think that a real genuine man, or
brute, would have remained his whole life,
under these circumstances, in such a spot?
No, you don t. Iow that is what 1 call a
man of the vegetable species.
Newspapers. There are in the United
States 1,555 newspapers, magazines and pe
riodicals. Of these 274 arc published in the
state of New York, and 71 in the city of New
York. 116 are published daily; 14 tri
weekly; 39 semi-weekly; 991 once a week.
The remainder are periodicals semi-montli-ly,
monthly, or quarterly.
The Sleeping Yorkshire an. A corres
pondent who resides near Hudderfield in York
shire, gives us an interesting account of the
remarkable case of protracted sleep which
we formerly noticed: "I live within a mile
of a man who has now been sleeping for the
last thirty-six weeks. I went to see him a
few days ago. He lies ou his back, with his
head turned a little to one side: his nostril
move a little, sometimes his eyelids; his eyes
are always open, and his pulse quite regular.
The bedclothes are obseved moving up and
down, as is the case with ordinary sleepers.
He looks well enough, although his face is
turned very thin. His mother told me that
last year previous to his falling asleejj, his
feet frequently turned very cold, and they
had to keep them warm, but now they have
not lei t them cold for tha Inst thn mnnfJif.
She feeds him with some fine gruel, and a
little wine, put by a teaspoon between his
teeth. He was very dull and heavy for some
aays oeiore ne slept. . lie slept tor Jorty
weeks about seven years ago, and waa worn
like a skeleton, but on awaking he seemed
to think the whole was a dream, and he
told somefe vents which h remembered In
nave nappenea to mm during his protracted
repose. Inverness paper.
From the Lexington Gazette.
GEN. HARRISON A FEDERALIST.
The letters which we publish below can
not fail to attract the deep attention of the
public, and to carry conviction of the fact
of Gen. Harrison's federalism to every un
prejudiced mind. Capt. John Fowler, who
certifies that General Harrison belonged tu
rtle federal party and wore the black cock,
ade, is a gentleman whose veracity is un im
peached and unimpeachable.
He served in congress at the same period
that Gen. Harrison did, was presented ia
the House of Represent itives as a member
from Kentucky; voted on the 10th of Janua
ry, 1800, to reduce the standing army of the
elder Adams, and though now upwards of
eighty-three years of age, distinctly recol
lects the facts which he states, and the posi
tion which General Harrison then occopied.
The testimony of Capt. Fowler is so
strong and direct, and his character so high,
that it can no longer be questioned that Gen.
Harrison belonged to, and acted with, the
old federal party. That he coincided with
their views of government, advocated their
obnoxious acts, supported them in their efforts
to crush the liberties of the people, mounted
the badre of the party nnd was Te warded
with office for his services.
It may not be amiss to inform distant rea
ders that Capt. Fowler now resides in this
city, that he was a representative in con
gress from 1797 till 1807, and well acquainted
with the transactions of that period and the
actors in them.
Lexington, 27th of Jnne, 1840.
Sir: The position you take in Congress
on the side of the Democratic party, in the
years 1799 and 1800, and the severe strug-
1 i a . .a.
gies wmcn ensueu oeiween mat party and
the federalists, is an event which I have no
doubt is fresh in your memory.
The contest now going on for the Presi
dency, is one of the same character, and
partakes of all its malignity and denuncia
tion. The domestic party, then, as now,
was abused and slandered by a monied aris
tocracy, which was insiduouslv seeking to
change the government in its infancy into a
The spirit of the revolution rose, and the
federal partv were crushed in the election
oi air. Jelierson. it is believed, as vou
were a member in Congress at that period,
with Gen. William H. Harrison, now a candi
date for the Presidency, you know on which
side of the question he took his stand. Was he
a federalist? And did he hoist the black cock
ade! And did he in a speech which he made
in Congress oppose the reduction of Adam's
standing army? Your response to this let
ter will undeceive thousands ol your fellow-
citizens who are.groping their way in dark
I am, with respect, &c.
Capt. John Fowler.
Lexington, 27th June, 1840.
Dear Sir: In answer to your letter of
this date I will say, that I was in Congress, as
a member, during the great struggle between
Jefferson and Adams and know the fact, that
Wm. 11. Harrison, then a delegate from
the North Western Territory, was upon the
side of Adams. He was a Federalist, and
wore the Black Cockade. 1 do not recol
lect his speech upon the reduction of the
United States Annv though I have a file of
the Auro-a. in which his speech appears
against reducing the army.
AIv health will not enable me to answer
more fully with regard to the exciting scenes
of that memorable period of our history.
Kespectluliy, your humble serv u - ,
JOHN FOWI.ER. ".
Capt. Henry Daniel.
Prentice is as racy as ever. Here is his
Madam Royal is out upon Senator Wright.
She says, that he lately "bought some rare
wine, but, on opening it, found it to be noth
ing but New England rum." We think,
however, that the Senator was treated as.
well as the rum was. If the former was
cheated, we have no doubt the latter got
A poor wife " dears" and " my lores" het;
husband, and wouldn't sew a button to his
coat to keep him from freezing.